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3.

1 Introduction

This chapter includes the geometrical model of piston for thermal analysis. This chapter also
includes Finite element analysis, materials, their properties, types of boundary condition and
meshing considered.

3.2 Introduction to Finite Element Method

Finite element analysis is a computer based numerical method to deduce engineering structures’
strength and behavior. Its use can be calculation of buckling behavior, vibration, stress,
deflection, thermal analysis & CFD analysis many other phenomena. It can analyze elastic or out
of shape deformation. For applications requiring astronomical numbers for analysis purpose,
computer is required. Modern computers’ low cost & power has made FEA implementable to
many industries & disciplines.