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7. Tentukan invers laplace dari persamaan berikut dengan input step!

(𝑠 + 4)(𝑠 + 5)
𝐹[𝑠] =
(𝑠 + 3)(𝑠 + 2)(𝑠 2 + 3𝑠 + 2.5)
Jawab :

Dengan input uni step :


(𝑠 + 4)(𝑠 + 5) 1
𝐹[𝑠] = 2
(𝑠 + 3)(𝑠 + 2)(𝑠 + 3𝑠 + 2.5) 𝑠
(𝑠 + 4)(𝑠 + 5)
𝐹[𝑠] =
𝑠(𝑠 + 3)(𝑠 + 2)(𝑠 2 + 3𝑠 + 2.5)
Dengan Fraksisnasi :
𝐴 𝐵 𝐶 ∝1 𝑠 +∝2
𝐹[𝑠] = + + + 2
(𝑠 + 3) (𝑠 + 2) 𝑠 (𝑠 + 3𝑠 + 2.5)

 (𝑠 2 + 3𝑠 + 2.5)
−𝑏 ± √𝑏 2 − 4𝑎𝑐
𝑠12 =
2𝑎

−3 ± √32 − 4(1)(2.5)
𝑠12 =
2(1)
−3 ± √9 − 10
𝑠12 =
2
−3 ± √−1
𝑠12 =
2
𝑠12 = −1.5 ± 0.5𝐽
Dengan Teorema Residue :
(𝑠 + 4)(𝑠 + 5)
𝐴= (𝑠 + 3)| 𝑠 = −3
𝑠(𝑠 + 3)(𝑠 + 2)(𝑠 2 + 3𝑠 + 2.5)

(1)(2)
𝐴= = 0.26
(−3)(−1)(9 − 9 + 2.5)
(𝑠 + 4)(𝑠 + 5)
𝐵= (𝑠 + 2)| 𝑠 = −2
𝑠(𝑠 + 3)(𝑠 + 2)(𝑠 2 + 3𝑠 + 2.5)

(2)(3)
𝐵= = −6
(−2)(1)(4 − 6 + 2.5)
(𝑠 + 4)(𝑠 + 5)
𝐶= (𝑠)| 𝑠 = 0
𝑠(𝑠 + 3)(𝑠 + 2)(𝑠 2 + 3𝑠 + 2.5)

(4)(5)
𝐶= = 1.33
(3)(2)(2.5)
(𝑠 + 4)(𝑠 + 5)
∝1 𝑠 +∝2 = (𝑠 2 + 3𝑠 + 2.5)|𝑠12 = −1.5 − 0.5𝐽
𝑠(𝑠 + 3)(𝑠 + 2)(𝑠 2 + 3𝑠 + 2.5)

[(−1.5 − 0.5𝐽 + 4)(−1.5 − 0.5𝐽 + 5)]


∝1 [−1.5 − 0.5𝐽] +∝2 =
(−1.5 − 0.5𝐽)(−1.5 − 0.5𝐽 + 3)(−1.5 − 0.5𝐽 + 2)
[(2.5 − 0.5𝐽 + 4)(3.5 − 0.5𝐽 + 5)]
∝1 [−1.5 − 0.5𝐽] +∝2 =
(−1.5 − 0.5𝐽)(1.5 − 0.5𝐽)(0.5 − 0.5𝐽)
(2.5495 < −11.309°)(3.5355 < −8.1301°)
∝1 [−1.5 − 0.5𝐽] +∝2 =
(1.5811 < 18.4349°)(1.581 < −18.4349°)(0.7071 < −45°)
(9.0137 < −19.4391°)
∝1 [−1.5 − 0.5𝐽] +∝2 =
(1.7676 < 81.8698°)
∝1 [−1.5 − 0.5𝐽] +∝2 = (5.0994 < −101.308°)~(5.0994 < 258.692°)
+J

a
-Real +Real
78.692

b
5.0994

-J
𝑏
sin ∝ = 5.0994
𝑏 = sin(78.692)𝑥(5.0994)
𝑏 = (0.98)(5.0994)
𝑏 = −4.997𝐽
𝑏
cos ∝ =
5.0994
𝑏 = cos(78.692)𝑥(5.0994)
𝑏 = (−0.196)(5.0994)
𝑏 = −0.99

 (−1.5 − 0.5𝐽) ∝1 +∝2 = 𝑎 + 𝑏


(−1.5 ∝1 − 0.5𝐽 ∝1 ) +∝2 = −0.99 − 4.997𝐽

𝐽𝑘𝑎𝑛𝑎𝑛 = 𝐽𝑘𝑖𝑟𝑖
−0.5𝐽 ∝1 = −4.997𝐽
∝1 = 9.994
𝑅𝑒𝑎𝑙𝑘𝑎𝑛𝑎𝑛 = 𝑅𝑒𝑎𝑙𝑘𝑖𝑟𝑖
−1.5 ∝1 +∝2 = −0.99
−1.5(9.994) +∝2 = −0.99
∝2 = −14.001


∝1 𝑠 +∝2 = 1
1−∝2
𝑠=
∝2
1 − 14.001
𝑠= = −1.3
9.994
0.26 6 1.33 9.99𝑠 + 14.001
𝐹[𝑇] = − + +( )
𝑠+3 𝑠+2 𝑠 (𝑠 + 1.5)2 + (0.5)2
−1 −1 −1 −1 −1
0.26 6 1.33 9.99𝑠 + 14.001
𝐹[𝑇] = ∫ ( ) −∫ ( )+∫ ( )−∫ ∫ ( )
𝑠+3 𝑠+2 𝑠 (𝑠 + 1.5)2 + (0.5)2

−1
9.99𝑠 14.001
𝐹[𝑇] = 0.26𝑒 −3𝑡 − 6𝑒 −2𝑡 + 1.33 + 𝑒 −1.5𝑡 ∫ ( 2 2
+ 2 )
𝑠 + 0.5 𝑠 + 0.52

𝐹[𝑇] = 1.33 − 6𝑒 −2𝑡 + 0.26𝑒 −3𝑡 + 9.99 cos 0.5𝑡 𝑒 −1.5𝑡 + 28.002 sin 0.5𝑡 𝑒 −1.5𝑡