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Europäisches Patentamt

(19) European Patent Office *EP000817367B1*


Office européen des brevets (11) EP 0 817 367 B1
(12) EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45) Date of publication and mention (51) Int Cl.7: H02P 9/48
of the grant of the patent:
12.09.2001 Bulletin 2001/37

(21) Application number: 97109144.2

(22) Date of filing: 05.06.1997

(54) Generator system for internal combustion engine


Generatorsystem für Verbrennungskraftmaschine
Système générateur pour moteur à combustion interne

(84) Designated Contracting States: (74) Representative:


DE GB Ritter und Edler von Fischern, Bernhard,
Dipl.-Ing. et al
(30) Priority: 24.06.1996 JP 18164596 Hoffmann Eitle,
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte,
(43) Date of publication of application: Arabellastrasse 4
07.01.1998 Bulletin 1998/02 81925 München (DE)

(73) Proprietor: HONDA GIKEN KOGYO KABUSHIKI (56) References cited:


KAISHA DE-A- 3 403 775 DE-A- 3 425 330
Minato-ku Tokyo (JP) GB-A- 2 095 487 US-A- 5 083 077

(72) Inventors: • PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 16, no. 285


• Arai, Hideaki, c/o KK Honda Gijutsu Kenkyusho (E-1222), 24 June 1992 & JP 04 071356 A (NIHON
Wako-shi, Saitama (JP) SEIMITSU KEISOKU KK), 5 March 1992,
• Kubo, Kazuyuki, • S.G.JEONG & AL.: "Steady state analysis of a
c/o KK Honda Gijutsu Kenkyusho stand-alone wound rotor induction generator
Wako-shi, Saitama (JP) excited by a pwm inverter" CONFERENCE
RECORD OF THE 1987 IEEE INDUSTRY
APPLICATIONS SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING,
18 - 23 October 1987, ATLANTA, GEORGIA USA,
pages 790-797, XP002054986
EP 0 817 367 B1

Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give
notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in
a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art.
99(1) European Patent Convention).

Printed by Jouve, 75001 PARIS (FR)


1 EP 0 817 367 B1 2

Description speed tends to exceed the maximum rate determined


from mechanical restrictions in high velocity revolution.
Field of the Invention This also causes increased fan noise at high speed rev-
olution of the engine and hence degradation of the en-
[0001] This invention relates to a generator system for 5 gine. Further in the generator system for vehicles, since
internal combustion engines which converts rotational the crank shaft of the engine and the rotating shaft of
energy into electrical energy and, more particularly, to the alternator are coupled by the alternator belt at all
a generator system for internal combustion engines times, rotation losses in the alternator (e.g., belt driving
which can produce electric power efficiently at all times torque and/or cooling fan resistance) occur even when
irrespective of the engine speed even for use in an in- 10 the alternator is not required to generate electric power
ternal combustion engine operated at variable speeds due to fully charged battery. This causes lowered engine
such as a vehicle engine. efficiency or increased fuel cost.
[0008] As previously discussed, the conventional
Description of the Related Art generator system for internal combustion engines oper-
15 ating at variable speeds such as vehicle engines can
[0002] DE-A-3 403 775 discloses a generator system not take a highly set ratio of the alternator speed to the
having the features recited in the preamble of claim 1. engine speed from the point of view of the durability and
[0003] A generator system for vehicles or ships in- the quality or performance of the alternator. This causes
cludes an alternator (AC generator; ACG) with its rotat- insufficient generated energy especially in a range of
ing shaft coupled through an alternator belt to a crank 20 low velocity revolution of the engine.
shaft of an engine; a rectifier for converting AC power [0009] In order to set the ratio of the alternator speed
into DC power, the AC power generated by the alterna- to the engine speed arbitrarily, for example, Japanese
tor according to the engine speed; and a regulator for Patent Publication No. sho 62-33465 proposes a mech-
controlling the voltage level of the DC power according anism for mechanically changing the diameter of the al-
to the voltage at a battery. 25 ternator driving pulley. However, such a mechanism for
[0004] Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram showing a struc- mechanically changing the speed causes a complicated
ture of a conventional alternator 50, in which a DC field and large-scale structure.
coil 53 is wound around a rotor 52 integrally formed with
the rotating shaft and a three-phase coil 55 is wound SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
around a stator 54. In the condition that the DC field coil 30
53 is excited by supplying direct current from the battery [0010] It is therefore desirable to provide a generator
(not shown), the rotor 52 is rotated to create an alterna- system for internal combustion engines using an induc-
tive magnetic field. Consequently, the three-phase coil tion machine as an AC generator which can generate
55 of the stator 54 generates AC power with a frequency electric power efficiently irrespective of the engine r. p.
corresponding to the rotation speed of the rotor 52. Such 35 m., without setting a high rotation ratio of the alternator
a conventional alternator is an AC generator using a to the engine r. p. m. and with a simple and compact
synchronous motor. In some cases, the rotor 52 may be structure.
provided with a permanent magnet instead of the DC [0011] The present invention provides a generator
field coil 53. system according to claim 1. The following items are
[0005] In recent vehicles, power consumption has in- 40 worth mentioning. Preferred embodiments of the inven-
creased because of current tendencies to electrify or tion are indicated in the dependent claims.
electronically control vehicle parts including the engine
and to widely use audio and navigation systems. This (1) The generator system of the present invention
requires the alternator to increase the capacity of power uses an induction machine as an AC generator, and
generation. 45 includes rotating electromagnetic field control
[0006] The electric power generated by the alternator means for generating a rotating electromagnetic
is reduced as its rotation speed drops. It is therefore nec- field with an arbitrary speed N2 to multi-phase wind-
essary to increase the ratio of the alternator speed to ings mechanically rotated at a speed N1 synchro-
the engine speed so that sufficient generated power can nously with the internal combustion engine operat-
be obtained even at low engine speeds such as 1000 r. 50 ed at variable speeds, whereby the rotation speed
p.m or less. In many cases, the pulley ratio is set twice N (= N1 + N2) of the rotating magnetic field relative
or more for that purpose. to the stator can be controlled arbitrarily by control-
[0007] On the other hand, high velocity revolution and ling the speed N2 of the rotating magnetic field.
low idling of the engine is accelerated as the engine out- (2) The rotating electromagnetic field control means
put and efficiency increase. For this reason, the ratio of 55 may control the rotation speed N2 of the rotating
the minimum and maximum engine speeds is becoming electromagnetic field according to the mechanical
larger. When the pulley ratio is set higher for the electric rotation speed N1 of the rotor such that the relative
power required at low engine speeds, the alternator speed N of the rotating magnetic field to the stator

2
3 EP 0 817 367 B1 4

becomes a given value. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS


(3) The rotating electromagnetic field control means
may control the rotation speed N2 of the rotating [0015]
electromagnetic field according to the mechanical
rotation speed N1 of the rotor such that the relative 5 Fig. 1 is a block diagram of a generator system for
speed N of the rotating magnetic field to the stator vehicles according to an embodiment of the inven-
approximates to the maximum efficiency speed of tion;
rotation Nx for the induction machine. Figs. 2A and 2B are diagrams showing a structure
(4) The maximum efficiency speed of rotation Nx of an alternator according to an embodiment of the
determined as a target value of the relative speed 10 invention;
N may be changed according to the mechanical ro- Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram showing an arrange-
tation speed N1 of the rotor. ment of main parts of a conventional alternator;
(5) There are provided DC magnetic field control Fig. 4 is a graph showing the relationship between
means for exciting the multi-phase windings of the motor speed and efficiency;
rotor to generate a magnetic field, and selection 15 Fig. 5 is a graph showing the relationship between
means for selectively operating either of the rotating motor speed and generated energy; and
electromagnetic field control means and the DC ex- Fig. 6 is a block diagram of a generator system for
citation control means. vehicles according to another embodiment of the in-
(6) There is further provided function switching vention.
means for making each output terminal of the stator 20
short-circuited through each variable resistor or DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED
without such resistors so that the induction machine EMBODIMENT
can be operated as a motor.
[0016] The basic idea of the present invention will be
[0012] According to the characteristic (1), the gener- 25 first described. The relationship between rotation speed
ator can set any value of the relative speed N of the ro- N1 and generator efficiency η for a conventional alter-
tating magnetic field to the stator. When the induction nator using a synchronous machine is shown by a curve
machine is used as a generator, the generator efficiency A in Fig. 4, where the maximum efficiency η-max ap-
η exhibits the maximum efficiency η -max at a point Nx pears at a point Nx of the rotation speeds N1, and the
of a curve of the relative speeds N. It is therefore pos- 30 generator efficiency η is reduced as the engine r. p. m.
sible to produce electric power with the maximum effi- is apart from the maximum efficiency speed of rotation
ciency, irrespective of the number of revolutions of the Nx.
internal combustion engine, by controlling the rotation [0017] An effective rotation speed of an induction ma-
speed N2 of the rotating magnetic field according to the chine can be represented by a relative speed N of a ro-
mechanical rotation speed N1 of the rotor, as shown in 35 tating magnetic field generated by a rotor to a stator coil.
characteristics (2) and (3), such that the relative speed The relative speed N is given by the following equation:
N agrees with the maximum efficiency speed of rotation
Nx.
N = N1 + N2 (1),
[0013] Although the maximum efficiency speed of ro-
tation Nx for the generator is ideally set to a point Nx 40
irrespective of the mechanical rotation speed N1 of the where N1 is a mechanical rotation speed of the rotor
rotor, it actually exhibits a minute change corresponding and N2 is an electrical rotation speed of the rotating
to the change in the mechanical rotation speed N1 of magnetic field provided by the field coil of the rotor.
the rotor due to adverse effects of the mechanical rota- [0018] The relative speed N of the rotating magnetic
tion of the rotor such as heating and mechanical losses 45 field generated by the rotor to the stator coil in the in-
in the fan. The present invention has the characteristic duction machine will become faster than the mechanical
(4) to avoid such circumstances, where the maximum rotation speed N1 of the rotor if the mechanical rotating
efficiency speed of rotation Nx determined as a target direction of the rotor agrees with the rotating direction
value of the relative speed N is changed according to of the rotating field generated by the field coil of the rotor.
the mechanical rotation speed N1 of the rotor. This al- 50 If the directions become opposite to each other, on the
lows the generator to produce electric power with the contrary the relative speed N will be slower than the me-
maximum efficiency at all times irrespective of the me- chanical rotation speed N1 of the rotor. In a case such
chanical rotation speed N1 of the rotor. an induction machine is used as an alternator for vehi-
[0014] The characteristic (5) is to operate the induc- cles, the relative speed N can be set equal to the max-
tion machine as a synchronous machine, and the char- 55 imum efficiency speed of rotation Nx at all times irre-
acteristic (6) is to operate the generator as a motor. spective of the mechanical rotation speed N1 of the rotor
by controlling the rotation speed N2 of the rotating mag-
netic field provided by the field coil according to the

3
5 EP 0 817 367 B1 6

change in the mechanical rotation speed N1 of the rotor of the inside of the housing 17 and on a single plane
that depends on the engine speed. This makes it pos- perpendicular to the rotating shaft 13 (Preferably, on the
sible to operate the alternator with maintaining genera- inner surface of the housing 17). This makes it easier to
tor efficiency approximate to the maximum efficiency η- wire between such devices and hence possible to en-
max at all times irrespective of the mechanical rotation 5 sure effective utilization of the dead space, thus prevent-
speed N1 of the rotor as shown by a curve B in Fig. 4. ing the alternator from increasing in size.
[0019] From the same standpoint, when the generat- [0024] In Fig. 1, the ACG.ECU 3 communicates with
ed energy M is taken into account instead of the gener- an engine ECU 4 to detect parameters such as the en-
ator efficiency η, as shown by a curve C in Fig. 5, the gine speed Ne and the engine load. On the basis of such
generated energy M of the alternator using a conven- 10 parameters, the ACG.ECU 3 determines the rotation
tional synchronous machine is markedly reduced as the speed N2 of the rotating magnetic field to be generated
mechanical rotation speed N1 of the rotor decreases. In in the rotor 1R, the voltage to be applied to the field coils
contrast, the use of the induction machine as the alter- and/or the phase of the rotating magnetic field to trans-
nator provides any control of the relative speed N irre- mit to a rotating electromagnetic field controller 2a of the
spective of the mechanical rotation speed N1 of the ro- 15 magnetic field controller 2. The rotating electromagnetic
tor. For this reason, sufficient electric power can be ob- field controller 2a controls phase, amplitude and fre-
tained, as shown by a curve D in Fig. 5, even when the quency of the AC power to be supplied to the field coils
mechanical rotation speed N1 of the rotor is in a range 11a, 11b and 11c of the rotor 1 R based on the data such
of low velocity revolution (e.g., 2000 r.p.m or less). as the speed N2 of the rotating field sent from the ACG.
[0020] According to the present invention, the effec- 20 ECU 3 so that the rotating electromagnetic field with the
tive rotation speed (relative speed) N of the induction rotation speed N2 will be generated.
machine is controlled at a value at which the highest [0025] The switching controller 5 communicates with
generator efficiency is expected, by taking into account the ACG.ECU 3 to detect the operating state of the al-
such characteristics as the generator efficiency η of the ternator 1 for each contacts as follows:
induction machine exhibits the maximum efficiency η- 25 each output terminal of the alternator 1 is connect-
max at a point Nx of the curve of the speeds N of the ed to each contact 1 of an output controller 7 each time
rotating magnetic field relative to the stator, and the rel- the alternator 1 is operated as a generator or to each
ative speed N can be controlled at any value irrespective contact 2 of the short-circuit device 8 each time the al-
of the mechanical rotation speed N1 of the rotor by con- ternator 1 is operated as a motor. In some cases, the
trolling the rotation speed N2 of the rotating magnetic 30 switching controller 5 may resupply some of generated
field generated by the field coil of the rotor. power for self-excitation to the alternator 1 through the
[0021] Referring next to the drawings, preferred em- rotating electromagnetic field controller 2a each time the
bodiments of the present invention will be described. alternator 1 is operated as a generator.
Fig. 1 is a block diagram showing an arrangement of [0026] The output controller 7 is provided with rectifier
main parts of a generator system for vehicles according 35 circuit 7a and regulator 7b for converting AC power out-
to an embodiment of the present invention. Figs. 2A and put from the alternator 1 into DC power corresponding
2B show a structure of an alternator 1 constituting the to the voltage at the battery 9 and an electrical load 30.
generator system of the present invention. The alterna- The short-circuit device 8 makes each output terminal
tor 1 of the present invention is an induction machine of the armature windings 12a, 12b and 12c in the alter-
comprising rotor 1R and stator 1S where three-phase 40 nator 1 short-circuited either through each variable re-
field coils 11 and three-phase armature windings 12 are sistor or without such resistors. A DC magnetic field con-
formed, respectively. troller 2b is energized selectively instead of the rotating
[0022] In Figs. 2A and 2B, the rotor 1R with the three- electromagnetic field controller 2a to supply a DC cur-
phase field coil 11 is coaxially fixed to a rotating shaft rent to the field coils 11a and 11b of the rotor 1R so that
13 of the alternator 1 and the stator 1S with the three- 45 a magnetic field will be generated in the rotor 1R.
phase armature winding 12 is arranged around the rotor [0027] In operation, the ACG.ECU 3 receives opera-
1R. The rotating shaft 13 is rotatably supported in a tional parameters such as the engine speed Ne and the
housing 17 by a front bearing 15a and a rear bearing engine load detected at the engine ECU 4 to calculate
15b. The rotating shaft 13 has a pulley 14 fixed at one the mechanical rotation speed N1 of the rotor 1R in the
end and slip rings 18a-18c formed at the other end to 50 alternator 1 based on the parameters such as the engine
contact brushes 19a-19c for supplying exciting current speed Ne and the pulley ratio. Then the ACG.ECU 3
to the field coils 11 (11a-11c) of the rotor 1R. determines the rotation speed N2 of the rotating elec-
[0023] As will be described later, a magnetic field con- tromagnetic field, based on the maximum efficiency
troller 2, an ACG.ECU (Electronic Control Unit) 3, a speed of rotation Nx related to the alternator 1 and the
switching controller 5 and a short-circuit device 8 are 55 mechanical rotation speed N1 received of the rotor, such
also arranged inside the alternator housing 17 and at that the speed N relative to the stator 1S agrees with the
the other end of the rotating shaft 13. These devices 2, rotation speed Nx at which the maximum efficiency η-
3, 5 and 8 are disposed in the circumferential direction max can be obtained. The data representing the rotation

4
7 EP 0 817 367 B1 8

speed N2 is sent to the rotating electromagnetic field mediately after starting the engine with energizing a cell
controller 2a. motor. This avoids the need for converting the DC cur-
[0028] The rotating electromagnetic field controller 2a rent into the AC current to save losses generally accom-
controls excitation timing in each phase of the three- panied with the voltage conversion.
phase coil 11 of the rotor 1R to generate a rotating mag- 5 [0033] Although in the embodiment above described
netic field with the rotation speed N2. The AC power the regulator 7b is provided in the output controller 7,
from each armature windings 12a, 12b and 12c of the some output voltage may be fed back to the ACG.ECU
stator 1S is converted into DC power in the output con- 3 so as to control the output voltage at the output con-
troller 7, where some of generated power is supplied to troller 7 by controlling the rotation speed of the rotating
electrical load 30 and the remaining is charged to the 10 magnetic field and/or the current in the field coils
battery 9. Since the control method for the induction ma- 11a~11c accordingly. In this case, such a regulator can
chine itself is well known in the art, the description in be eliminated as shown in Fig. 6.
more detail is omitted. [0034] As previously described, since the rotor 1R in
[0029] According to the present embodiment accord- the alternator 1 is mechanically coupled to the crank
ing to the present invention, the rotor 1R is always ro- 15 shaft of the engine and rotated at all times even when
tated with respect to the stator 1S in the alternator 1 with the alternator is not required to generate power due to
maintaining the maximum efficiency speed of rotation fully charged battery, rotation losses are caused by var-
Nx. This allows the alternator 1 to generate the electric ious factors such as belt driving torque and cooling fan
power at all times with generator efficiency approximate resistance.
to the maximum efficiency η-max. 20 [0035] In the embodiments according to the present
[0030] Although the maximum efficiency speed of ro- invention, the switching controller 5 detects that the bat-
tation Nx for the generator is ideally set to a point Nx tery 9 has been fully charged to eliminate the need for
irrespective of the mechanical rotation speed N1 of the power generation. Then the switching controller 5
rotor 1R, the value of Nx intricately changes correspond- changes over from the contact 1 to the contact 2 on the
ing to the variation in the mechanical rotation speed N1 25 side of the short-circuit device 8 so that each output ter-
of the rotor 1R, in fact, due to adverse effects such as minal of the armature windings 12 will be short-circuited
heating caused by the mechanical rotation of the rotor either through each variable resistor or without such re-
1R and mechanical losses in the fan. It is therefore pref- sistors. At this time, the rotating electromagnetic field
erably to determine the maximum efficiency speed of controller 2a generates a rotating magnetic field in the
rotation Nx to be a target value of the relative speed N 30 rotor 1 R so that a driving torque will be created in a
as a function of the mechanical rotation speed N1 of the direction to aid the engine torque so as at least to com-
rotor 1R each time the generator is operated, or alter- pensate the rotation losses by the rotor 1 R. Thus the
natively, to prestore possible values of the maximum ef- alternator 1 serves as a motor for creating the torque to
ficiency speed of rotation Nx in a data table so as to drive the engine, so that the rotation losses may be sub-
select one of the prestored values based on the me- 35 stantially canceled and the engine efficiency will be im-
chanical rotation speed N1 of the rotor 1R currently de- proved.
tected. This allows the generator to generate the electric [0036] The timing at which the alternator 1 is operated
power with the efficiency as approximate as possible to as a motor is not only when the need for power gener-
the maximum efficiency η-max. ation is eliminated. For example, it may be operated as
[0031] When any factor disables the rotating electro- 40 a motor when starting the engine with energizing the cell
magnetic field controller 2a from forming a rotating mag- motor. In this case, the driving torque due to the cell mo-
netic field in the rotor 1R, the ACG.ECU 3 detects that tor is aided by the alternator 1 and the aided torque per-
the generated energy is zero. Then the ACG.ECU 3 mits reduction in the cell motor size and quick engine
judges that a failure occurs in the rotating electromag- start. The alternator 1 may also be operated as a motor
netic field controller 2a and outputs a DC excitation com- 45 when the vehicle is accelerating and this permits im-
mand to the DC magnetic field controller 2b. On receipt provement of acceleration performance.
of the command, the DC magnetic field controller 2b [0037] The rotating direction when the alternator 1 is
supplies DC current from the battery 9 to the field coils operated as a motor is not only the direction to aid the
11a and 11b of the rotor 1R to induce a magnetic field engine driving torque. For example, the alternator 1 can
in the rotor 1R. In this case, the alternator 1 serves as 50 also be used as a braking device by rotating the rotor 1
a synchronous machine to generate electric power in R in the opposite direction when braking operation has
the same manner as the conventional. been detected.
[0032] The timing at which the DC exciting field is in- [0038] Although the above embodiments took the in-
duced instead of the rotating magnetic field is not only duction machine including three-phase windings type
when some failures occur in the rotating electromagnet- 55 rotor and stator by way of example to describe the
ic field controller 2a. For example, the exciting current present invention, the present invention is not limited by
may be directly supplied from the battery 9 to the field the embodiments and any other multi-phase windings
coils 11a and 11 b at the start of power generation im- such as four- and five-phase windings may be used in

5
9 EP 0 817 367 B1 10

the same manner. Claims


[0039] The present invention provides the following
advantages. 1. A generator system for an internal combustion en-
gine comprising:
(1) Since an induction machine being smaller and 5
having a simpler structure than a synchronous ma- an induction machine (1) including rotor (1R)
chine can be used as a generator for internal com- and stator (1S) with multi-phase windings
bustion engines operated at variable speeds, the (11,12) in which the rotor is rotated by rotational
use of such an induction machine as the alternator, motion of the internal combustion engine oper-
permits reduction in size and weight of the vehicle 10 ated at variable speeds;
or ship on which the alternator is mounted, thereby rotating electromagnetic field control means
improving its driving performance. (2a) for supplying multi-phase alternating cur-
(2) Through the control of the electrical rotation rent to the multi-phase windings (11) of said ro-
speed of the rotating magnetic field generated by tor (1R) to generate a rotating electromagnetic
the rotor, the rotation speed of the rotating electro- 15 field;
magnetic field generated by the rotor in the induc-
tion machine can be controlled such that the gen- characterized by:
erator is substantially run at any desired speed ir-
respective of the number of revolutions of the inter- DC magnetic field control means (2b) for excit-
nal combustion engine used. Further, the control of 20 ing the multi-phase windings (11) of said rotor
the electrical rotation speed of the rotating magnetic (1R) to generate a DC magnetic field; and
field generated by the rotor permits sufficient power selection means (5) for selectively operating
generation in lower revolution velocity as if in high one of said rotating electromagnetic field con-
revolution velocity without speeding up the me- trol means (2a) and said DC magnetic field con-
chanical rotation of the rotor. This avoids the need 25 trol means (2b).
for reinforcement of the alternator to adapt to the
high revolution velocity and thus permits reduction 2. A generator system according to claim 1, wherein
in the alternator size and weight. If a cooling fan is said rotating electromagnetic field control means
provided, the fan noise can also be reduced. (2a) controls the rotation speed (N2) of the electrical
(3) The rotation speed of the rotating magnetic field 30 rotating magnetic field according to the mechanical
generated in the rotor can be controlled such that rotation speed (N1) of said rotor (1R) such that the
the generator is run at the maximum efficiency rotation speed (N2) of the rotating electromagnetic
speed of rotation irrespective of the r. p. m. of the field relative to said stator is a given value.
internal combustion engine used, thereby generat-
ing electric power with high efficiency. If the rotation 35 3. A generator system according to claim 2, wherein
speed of the rotating magnetic field is correspond- said rotating electromagnetic field control means
ing to the variation in the maximum efficiency speed (2a) controls the rotation speed (N2) of the electrical
of rotation that slightly varies according to the vari- rotating magnetic field according to the mechanical
ation in the mechanical rotation speed of the rotor, rotation speed (N1) of said rotor (1R) such that the
electric power generation is realized with higher ef- 40 rotation speed of the rotating electromagnetic field
ficiency. relative to said stator is the maximum efficiency
(4) The generator can be used as either an inductive speed (Nx) of rotation for said induction machine
generator or a synchronous generator. It is there- (1).
fore possible to operate the generator as a synchro-
nous generator in the same manner as in the con- 45 4. A generator system according to claim 3, wherein
ventional whenever any fault disables the rotating the maximum efficiency speed (Nx) of rotation is de-
electromagnetic field controller from forming a ro- termined as a function of the mechanical rotation
tating magnetic field in the rotor. speed (N1) of said rotor (1R).
(5) The rotation speed of the rotating magnetic field
generated by the rotor can be controlled such that 50 5. A generator system according to claim 1, wherein
the generator is operated as a motor. For example, said rotating electromagnetic field control means
driving torque can be created in the direction to aid (2a) is disposed within a housing (17) of said induc-
the engine driving torque so as to substantially can- tion machine (1).
cel the rotation losses in the generator when the
need for power generation is eliminated, thereby 55 6. A generator system according to claim 5, wherein
improving the efficiency of the internal combustion one end of the rotating shaft (13) of said induction
engine used. machine (1) is exposed to the outside of the housing
(17) of said induction machine (1) for being trans-

6
11 EP 0 817 367 B1 12

mitted (at 14) the rotational motion from the internal 11. A generator system according to claim 10, wherein
combustion engine and the other end is not ex- said rotating electromagnetic field control means
posed to the outside, and said rotating electromag- (2a), said DC magnetic field control means (2b),
netic field control means (2a) is disposed in a space said selection means (5), said short-circuit means
between an imaginary plane being perpendicular to 5 (8) and said switching means (5,6) are arranged cir-
the rotating shaft (13) and including the other end cumferentially and along an inner surface of the
of the rotating shaft (13), and an inner surface of the housing (17).
housing (17) opposite to said other end of the rotat-
ing shaft (13). 12. A generator system according to claim 10 or 11,
10 wherein said short-circuit means (8) makes its input
7. A generator system according to claim 1, wherein terminals to be supplied with multi-phase current
said rotating electromagnetic field control means each short-circuited through a resistor.
(2a) and said DC magnetic field control means (2b)
are disposed within a housing (17) of said induction
machine. 15 Patentansprüche

8. A generator system according to claim 7, wherein 1. Generatorsystem für eine Brennkraftmaschine, um-
one end of the rotating shaft (13) of said induction fassend:
machine (1) is exposed to the outside of the housing
(17) of said induction machine (1) for being trans- 20 eine Induktionsmaschine (1) mit einem Rotor
mitted (at 14) the rotational motion from the internal (1R) und einem Stator (1S) mit Mehrphasen-
combustion engine and the other end is not ex- wicklungen (11, 12), in denen der Rotor durch
posed to the outside, and said rotating electromag- eine Drehbewegung der Brennkraftmaschine,
netic field control means (2a) and said DC magnetic die bei variablen Geschwindigkeiten betrieben
field control means (2b) are disposed in a space be- 25 wird, gedreht wird;
tween an imaginary plane being perpendicular to
the rotating shaft (13) and including the other end eine Steuereinrichtung (2a) für ein elektroma-
of the rotating shaft (13), and an inner surface of the gnetisches Drehfeld zum Zuführen eines Mehr-
housing (17) opposite to said other end of the rotat- phasen-Wechselstroms an die Mehrphasen-
ing shaft (13). 30 Wicklungen (11) des Rotors (1R), um ein elek-
tromagnetisches Drehfeld zu erzeugen;
9. A generator system according to claim 1, further
comprising function switching means (5,6,8) for gekennzeichnet durch:
making each output terminal of the multi-phase
windings (12) of said stator (15) short-circuited so 35 eine DC Magnetfeld-Steuereinrichtung (2b)
that said induction machine (1) can be operated as zum Erregen der Mehrphasen-Wicklungen (11)
a motor. des Rotors (1R) zum Erzeugen eines DC Ma-
gnetfelds; und
10. A generator system according to claim 9, wherein
said function switching means (5,6,8) comprises: 40 eine Wähleinrichtung (5) zum selektiven Betrei-
ben der Steuereinrichtung (2a) für das elektro-
a short-circuit means (8) for making its input ter- magnetische Drehfeld und der DC Magnetfeld-
minals to be supplied with multi-phase current Steuereinrichtung (2b).
short-circuited each other; and
switching means (5,6) for selectively connect- 45 2. Ein Generatorsystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei die
ing each output terminal of the multi-phase Steuereinrichtung (2a) für das elektromagnetische
windings (12) of said stator (15) to each input Drehfeld die Drehgeschwindigkeit (N2)des elektri-
terminal of said short-circuit means (8), and schen magnetischen Drehfelds in Übereinstim-
said rotating electromagnetic field control mung mit der mechanischen Drehgeschwindigkeit
means (2a), said DC magnetic field control 50 (N1) des Rotors (1R) so steuert, dass die Drehge-
means (2b), said selection means (5), said schwindigkeit (N2) des elektromagnetischen Dreh-
short-circuit means (8) and said switching felds relativ zu dem Stator ein gegebener Wert ist.
means (5,6) are disposed in a space between
an imaginary plane being perpendicular to the 3. Generatorsystem nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Steu-
rotating shaft (13) and including the other end 55 ereinrichtung (2a) für das elektromagnetische
of the rotating shaft, and an inner surface of the Drehfeld die Drehgeschwindigkeit (N2) des elektri-
housing (17) opposite to said other end of the schen magnetischen Drehfelds gemäß der mecha-
rotating shaft (13). nischen Drehgeschwindigkeit (N1) des Rotors (1R)

7
13 EP 0 817 367 B1 14

so steuert, dass die Drehgeschwindigkeit des elek- 10. Generatorsystem nach Anspruch 9, wobei die
trischen magnetischen Drehfelds relativ zu dem FunktionsUmschalteinrichtung (5, 6, 8) umfasst:
Stator die Drehgeschwindigkeit (Nx) für den maxi-
malen Wirkungsgrad der Induktionsmaschine (1) eine Kurzschlusseinrichtung (8), um ihre Ein-
ist. 5 gangsanschlüsse, an die ein Mehrphasen-
Strom geführt werden soll, miteinander kurz zu
4. Generatorsystem nach Anspruch 3, wobei die schließen;
Drehgeschwindigkeit (Nx) für den maximalen Wir-
kungsgrad als eine Funktion der mechanischen eine Umschalteinrichtung (5,6) zum selektiven
Drehgeschwindigkeit (N1) des Rotors (1R) be- 10 Verbinden jedes Ausgangsanschlusses der
stimmt wird. Mehrphasen-Wicklungen (12) des Stators (15)
mit jedem Eingangsanschluss der Kurzschlus-
5. Generatorsystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Steu- seinrichtung (8); wobei
ereinrichtung (2a) für das elektromagnetische
Drehfeld sich innerhalb eines Gehäuses (17) der In- 15 die Steuereinrichtung (2a) für das elektroma-
duktionsmaschine (1) befindet. gnetische Drehfeld, die DC Magnetfeld-Steuer-
einrichtung (2b), die Wähleinrichtung (5), die
6. Generatorsystem nach Anspruch 5, wobei ein Ende Kurzschlusseinrichtung (8) und die Um-
der Drehwelle (13) der Induktionsmaschine (1) au- schalteinrichtung (5, 6) in einem Raum zwi-
ßerhalb des Gehäuses (17) der Induktionsmaschi- 20 schen einer imaginären Ebene senkrecht zu
ne (1) freigelegt ist, damit an sie die Drehbewegung der Drehwelle (13) und einschließend des an-
der Brennkraftmaschine übertragen wird (bei 14), deren Endes der Drehwelle, und einer inneren
und das andere Ende nach außen nicht freigelegt Oberfläche des Gehäuses (17) dem anderen
ist, und wobei die Steuereinrichtung (2a) für das Ende der Drehwelle (13) gegenüberliegend,
elektromagnetische Drehfeld in einem Raum zwi- 25 angeordnet sind.
schen einer imaginären Ebene senkrecht zu der
Drehwelle (13) und einschließlich des anderen En- 11. Generatorsystem nach Anspruch 10, wobei die
des der Drehwelle (13), und einer inneren Oberflä- Steuereinrichtung (2a) für das elektromagnetische
che des Gehäuses (17) dem anderen Ende der Drehfeld, die DC Magnetfeld-Stauereinrichtung
Drehwelle (13) gegenüberliegend angeordnet ist. 30 (2b), die Wähleinrichtung (5), die Kurzschlussein-
richtung (8), und die Umschalteinrichtung (5,6) am
7. Generatorsystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Steu- Umfang und entlang einer inneren Oberfläche des
ereinrichtung (2a) für das elektromagnetische Gehäuses (17) angeordnet sind.
Drehfeld und die DC Magnetfeld-Steuereinrichtung
(2b) innerhalb eines Gehäuses (17) der Induktions- 35 12. Generatorsystem nach Anspruch 10 oder 11, wobei
maschine angeordnet sind. die Kurzschlusseinrichtung (8) ihre Eingangsan-
schlüsse, an die ein Mehrphasenstrom geführt wer-
8. Generatorsystem nach Anspruch 7, wobei ein Ende den soll, jeweils über einen Widerstand kurz-
der Drehwelle (13) der Induktionsmaschine (1) au- schließt.
ßerhalb des Gehäuses (17) der Induktionsmaschi- 40
ne (1) freigelegt ist, so dass eine Drehbewegung
von der Brennkraftmaschine an sie übertragen wird Revendications
(bei 14), und das andere Ende nach außen nicht
freigelegt ist, und die Steuereinrichtung (2a) für das 1. Système générateur pour un moteur à combustion
elektromagnetische Drehfeld und die DC Magnet- 45 interne comprenant:
feld-Steuereinrichtung (2b) in einem Raum zwi-
schen einer imaginären Ebene senkrecht zu der une machine à induction (1) comprenant un ro-
Drehwelle (13) und einschließend des anderen En- tor (1R) et un stator (1S) avec des enroule-
des der Drehwelle (13) und einer inneren Oberflä- ments multiphasés (11, 12), dans laquelle le ro-
che des Gehäuses (17) dem anderen Ende der 50 tor est mis en rotation par le mouvement rotatif
Drehwelle (13) gegenüberliegend angeordnet sind. du moteur à combustion interne fonctionnant à
des vitesses variables;
9. Generatorsystem nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfas- des moyens de commande du champ électro-
send eine Funktionsumschalteinrichtung (5, 6, 8), magnétique tournant (2a) pour fournir un cou-
um jeden Ausgangsanschluss der Mehrphasen- 55 rant alternatif multiphasé aux enroulements
Wicklungen (12) des Stators (15) kurz zu schließen, multiphasés (11) dudit rotor (1R) pour générer
so dass die Induktionsmaschine (1) als ein Motor un champ électromagnétique tournant;
betrieben werden kann.

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15 EP 0 817 367 B1 16

caractérisé par: lequel lesdits moyens de commande du champ


électromagnétique tournant (2a) et lesdits moyens
des moyens de commande du champ magné- de commande du champ magnétique continu (2b)
tique continu (2b) pour exciter les enroule- sont disposés à l'intérieur du carter (17) de ladite
ments multiphasés (11) dudit rotor (1R) pour 5 machine à induction.
générer un champ magnétique continu; et
des moyens de sélection (5) pour faire fonction- 8. Système générateur selon la revendication 7, dans
ner sélectivement un desdits moyen de com- lequel une extrémité de l'arbre rotatif (13) de ladite
mande du champ électromagnétique tournant machine à induction (1) sort à l'extérieur du carter
(2a) et lesdits moyens de commande du champ 10 (17) de ladite machine à induction (1) pour recevoir
magnétique continu (2b). (en 14) le mouvement rotatif du moteur à combus-
tion interne, et l'autre extrémité ne sort pas à l'ex-
2. Système générateur selon la revendication 1, dans térieur, et ledit moyen de commande du champ
lequel lesdits moyens de commande du champ électromagnétique tournant (2a) et ledit moyen de
électromagnétique tournant (2a) commandent la vi- 15 commande du champ magnétique continu (2b) sont
tesse de rotation électrique (N2) du champ magné- disposés dans un espace entre un plan imaginaire
tique tournant en fonction de la vitesse de rotation perpendiculaire à l'arbre rotatif (13) et comprenant
mécanique (N1) dudit rotor (1R) de telle sorte que l'autre extrémité de l'arbre rotatif (13), et la surface
la vitesse de rotation (N2) du champ magnétique intérieure du carter (17) opposée à ladite autre ex-
tournant par rapport audit stator ait une valeur don- 20 trémité de l'arbre rotatif (13).
née.
9. Système générateur selon la revendication 1, qui
3. Système générateur selon la revendication 2, dans comprend de plus des moyens de commutation de
lequel lesdits moyens de commande du champ fonction (5, 6, 8) pour mettre en court-circuit chaque
électromagnétique tournant (2a) commandent la vi- 25 borne de sortie des enroulements multiphasés (12)
tesse de rotation électrique (N2) du champ magné- dudit stator (15) de façon telle que ladite machine
tique tournant en fonction de la vitesse de rotation à induction (1) puisse fonctionner en moteur.
mécanique (N1) dudit rotor (1R) de sorte que la vi-
tesse de rotation du champ électromagnétique tour- 10. Système générateur selon la revendication 9, dans
nant par rapport audit stator soit la vitesse de rota- 30 lequel lesdits moyens de commutation de fonction
tion d'efficacité maximum (Nx) pour ladite machine (5, 6, 8) comprennent:
à induction (1).
des moyens de court-circuitage (8) pour mettre
4. Système générateur selon la revendication 3, dans en court-circuit les unes avec les autres leurs
lequel la vitesse de rotation d'efficacité maximum 35 bornes d'entrée à alimenter par des courants
(Nx) est déterminée en fonction de la vitesse de ro- multiphasés, et
tation (N1) dudit rotor (1R). des moyens de commutation (5, 6) pour con-
necter sélectivement chaque borne de sortie
5. Système générateur selon la revendication 1, dans des enroulements multiphasés (12) dudit stator
lequel ledit moyen de commande du champ élec- 40 (15) à chaque borne d'entrée desdits moyens
tromagnétique tournant (2a) est disposé à l'intérieur de court-circuitage (8), et lesdits moyens de
d'un carter (17) de ladite machine à induction (1). commande du champ électromagnétique tour-
nant (2a), lesdits moyens de commande du
6. Système générateur selon la revendication 5, dans champ magnétique continu (2b), lesdits
lequel une extrémité de l'arbre rotatif (13) de ladite 45 moyens de sélection (5), lesdits moyens de
machine à induction (1) sort à l'extérieur du carter court-circuitage (8), et lesdits moyens de com-
(17) de ladite machine à induction (1) pour recevoir mutation (5, 6) sont disposés dans un espace
(en 14) le mouvement rotatif du moteur à combus- entre un plan imaginaire perpendiculaire à l'ar-
tion interne, et l'autre extrémité ne. sort pas à l'ex- bre rotatif (13) et comprenant l'autre extrémité
térieur, et ledit moyen de commande du champ 50 de l'arbre rotatif, et la surface intérieure du car-
électromagnétique tournant (2a) est disposé dans ter (17) opposée à ladite autre extrémité de l'ar-
un espace entre un plan imaginaire perpendiculaire bre rotatif (13).
à l'arbre rotatif (13) et comprenant l'autre extrémité
de l'arbre rotatif (13), et la surface intérieure du car- 11. Système générateur selon la revendication 10,
ter (17) opposée à ladite autre extrémité de l'arbre 55 dans lequel lesdits moyens de commande du
rotatif (13). champ électromagnétique tournant (2a), lesdits
moyens de commande du champ magnétique con-
7. Système générateur selon la revendication 1, dans tinu (2b), lesdits moyens de sélection (5), lesdits

9
17 EP 0 817 367 B1 18

moyens de court-circuitage (8), et lesdits moyens


de commutation (5, 6) sont disposés circonféren-
tiellement et le long d'une surface interne du carter
(17).
5
12. Système générateur selon la revendication 10 ou
11, dans lequel lesdits moyens de court-circuitage
(8) mettent en court-circuit, au travers d'une résis-
tance, leurs bornes d'entrée à alimenter par un cou-
rant multiphasé. 10

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