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SPECIFICATION FOR PRESSURE VESSEL PLATES,

CARBON STEEL, FOR MODERATE- AND LOWER-


TEMPERATURE SERVICE
SA-516/SA-516M

(Identical with ASTM Specification A 516/A 516M-90.)

1. Scope 2. Referenced Documents


1.1 This specification covers carbon steel plates in- 2.1 ASTM Standards:
tended primarily for service in welded pressure vessels A 20/A 20M Specification for General Requirements for
where improved notch toughness is important. Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels
A 435/A 435M Specification for Straight-Beam Ultra-
1.2 Plates under this specification are available in sonic Examination of Steel Plates
four grades having different strength levels as follows: A 577/A 577M Specification for Ultrasonic Angle-Beam
Examination of Steel Plates
Tensile Strength,
A 578/A 578M Specification for Straight-Beam Ultra-
Grade U.S. [SI] ksi [MPa] sonic Examination of Plain and Clad Steel Plates for
55 [380] 55–75 [380–515] Special Applications
60 [415] 60–80 [415–550]
65 [450] 65–85 [450–585]
70 [485] 70–90 [485–620]
3. General Requirements and Ordering
Information
1.3 The maximum thickness of plates is limited only
by the capacity of the composition to meet the specified 3.1 Material supplied to this material specification
mechanical property requirements; however, current shall conform to Specification A 20/A 20M. These
practice normally limits the maximum thickness of requirements outline the testing and retesting methods
plates furnished under this specification as follows: and procedures, permissible variations in dimensions,
and mass, quality and repair of defects, marking, load-
Maximum Thickness,
ing, etc.
Grade U.S. [SI] in. [mm]
3.2 Specification A 20/A 20M also establishes the
55 [380] 12 [305] rules for the ordering information that should be com-
60 [415] 8 [205]
65 [450] 8 [205]
plied with when purchasing material to this specification.
70 [485] 8 [205]
3.3 In addition the basic requirements of this specifi-
cation, certain supplementary requirements are available
1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or when additional control, testing, or examination is
SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. required to meet end use requirements. These include:
Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The
values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; 3.3.1 Vacuum treatment,
therefore, each system must be used independently of 3.3.2 Additional or special tension testing,
the other. Combining values from the two systems may
result in nonconformance with the specification. 3.3.3 Impact testing, and

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SA-516/SA-516M 2001 SECTION II

3.3.4 Nondestructive examination. 5.2 Plates over 1.50 in. [40 mm] in thickness shall
be normalized.
3.4 The purchaser is referred to the listed supplemen-
tary requirements in this specification and to the detailed 5.3 When notch-toughness tests are required on plates
11⁄2 in. [40 mm] and under in thickness, the plates
requirements in Specification A 20/A 20M.
shall be normalized unless otherwise specified by the
3.5 If the requirements of this specification are in purchaser.
conflict with the requirements of Specification A 20/ 5.4 If approved by the purchaser, cooling rates faster
A 20M, the requirements of this specification shall than those obtained by cooling in air are permissible
prevail. for improvement of the toughness, provided the plates
are subsequently tempered in the temperature range
1100 to 1300°F [595 to 705°C].

4. Manufacture
6. Chemical Requirements
4.1 Steelmaking Practice—The steel shall be killed
and shall conform to the fine austenitic grain size 6.1 The steel shall conform to the chemical require-
ments shown in Table 1 unless otherwise modified
requirement of Specification A 20/A 20M.
in accordance with Supplementary Requirement S17,
Vacuum Carbon-Deoxidized Steel, in Specification A
20/A 20M.

5. Heat Treatment
7. Mechanical Requirements
5.1 Plates 1.50 in. [40 mm] and under in thickness
are normally supplied in the as-rolled condition. The 7.1 Tension Test Requirements—The material as rep-
plates may be ordered normalized or stress relieved, resented by the tension-test specimens shall conform
or both. to the requirements shown in Table 2.

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PART A — FERROUS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS SA-516/SA-516M

TABLE 1
CHEMICAL REQUIREMENTS
Composition, %

Grade 55 Grade 60 Grade 65 Grade 70


Elements [Grade 380] [Grade 415] [Grade 450] [Grade 485]
Carbon, maxA:
1
⁄2 in. [12.5 mm] and under 0.18 0.21 0.24 0.27
Over 1⁄2 in. to 2 in. [12.5 to 50 mm], incl 0.20 0.23 0.26 0.28
Over 2 in. to 4 in. [50 to 100 mm], incl 0.22 0.25 0.28 0.30
Over 4 to 8 in. [100 to 200 mm], incl 0.24 0.27 0.29 0.31
Over 8 in. [200 mm] 0.26 0.27 0.29 0.31
Manganese:
1
⁄2 in. [12.5] and under:
Heat analysisB 0.60–0.90 0.60–0.90 0.85–1.20 0.85–1.20
Product analysisB 0.55–0.98 0.55–0.98 0.79–1.30 0.79–1.30
Over 1⁄2 in. [12.5]:
Heat analysis 0.60–1.20 0.85–1.20 0.85–1.20 0.85–1.20
Product analysis 0.55–1.30 0.79–1.30 0.79–1.30 0.79–1.30
Phosphorus, maxA 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035
Sulfur, maxA 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035
Silicon:
Heat analysis 0.15–0.40 0.15–0.40 0.15–0.40 0.15–0.40
Product analysis 0.13–0.45 0.13–0.45 0.13–0.45 0.13–0.45
A
Applies to both heat and product analyses.
B
Grade 60 plates 1⁄2 in. [12.5 mm] and under in thickness may have 0.85–1.20% manganese on heat analysis, and 0.79–1.30% manganese
on product analysis.

TABLE 2
TENSILE REQUIREMENTS
Grade
55 [380] 60 [415] 65 [450] 70 [485]
Tensile strength, ksi [MPa] 55–75 [380–515] 60–80 [415–550] 65–85 [450–585] 70–90 [485–620]
Yield strength, min,B ksi [MPa] 30 [205] 32 [220] 35 [240] 38 [260]
Elongation in 8 in. [200 mm], min, % 23A 21A 19A 17A
Elongation in 2 in. [50 mm], min, % 27A 25A 23A 21A
A
See Specification A 20/A 20M.
B
Determined by either the 0.2% offset method or the 0.5% extension-under-load method.

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SA-516/SA-516M 2001 SECTION II

SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS

Supplementary requirements shall not apply unless specified in the order.


A list of standardized supplementary requirements for use at the option of the
purchaser is included in ASTM Specification A 20/A 20M. Several of those consid-
ered suitable for use with this specification are listed below by title. Other tests
may be performed by agreement between the supplier and the purchaser.

S1. Vacuum Treatment, S8. Ultrasonic Examination in accordance with


Specification A 435/A 435M,
S2. Product Analysis,
S9. Magnetic Particle Examination,
S3. Simulated Post-Weld Heat Treatment of
Mechanical Test Coupons, S11. Ultrasonic Examination in accordance with
Specification A 577/A 577M,
S4.1 Additional Tension Test,
S12. Ultrasonic Examination in accordance with
S5. Charpy V-Notch Impact Test, Specification A 578/A 578M,
S6. Drop-Weight Test, S14. Bend Test, and
S7. High-Temperature Tension Test, S17. Vacuum Carbon-Deoxidized Steel.

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