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TEXAS SCHOOL SURVEY OF DRUG AND ALCOHOL USE

ALEDO ISD

SECONDARY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

OVERVIEW

In the Spring of 1995, the Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse, in conjunction with
the Public Policy Research Institute at Texas A&M University, administered a survey to
students in grades 8, 10, and 12 in the Aledo Independent School District (AISD). A total of
409 students completed the questionnaire, which asked about students' experiences with alcohol
and drugs. Of that number, 19 surveys were excluded from analysis because students did not
indicate their grade or age, or because they were identified as exaggerators (i.e., claimed to have
used a non-existent drug or reported overly excessive drug use). The final number of surveys
included in the overall district analysis was 390.1

Students' responses to the questionnaire indicate that:

•Sixty-two percent of Aledo ISD students reported using tobacco at least once during
their lifetimes (Fig. 1), and 36* percent said they had used tobacco during the
past month (Fig. 2).2

•Thirteen* percent of Aledo ISD students said they smoke cigarettes on a daily basis,
while 1 percent reported using a smokeless tobacco product on a daily basis.

•Seventy-seven percent of Aledo ISD students said they had used alcohol at least once
during their lifetimes (Fig. 1), and 43 percent reported using alcohol during the
past month (Fig. 2).

•Four* percent of Aledo ISD students reported attending at least one class during the
past year while "drunk," and 23 percent of district 10th and 12th grade students
said they had driven a car at least once during the past year after having "a good
bit to drink."

1 The percentages referred to in the executive summary were taken from the tables found in "Part I: District
Survey Results." Due to the differences in rounding procedures, there may be slight discrepancies between the
percentages referred to in the tables and those reflected in the executive summary and in the corresponding
figures. Figures referenced throughout this report are included in "Part III: Executive Summary."

2 Data in this report marked with an asterisk are estimated to be statistically significant at the .01 level from
the comparable data for the state as a whole. This means that in only one of a hundred samples would a
difference this large have occurred when there was no difference between the district and state data. Differences
in very small districts will seldom be statistically significant due to the small number of cases. Differences that
are not marked may be important, but should be treated with more caution than those that are statistically
significant.

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•Lifetime use of inhalants was reported by 16 percent of Aledo ISD students (Fig. 1),
while past-month inhalant use was reported by 3 percent (Fig. 2).

•Twenty-five percent of Aledo ISD students reported using marijuana at least once
during their lifetimes (Fig. 1), and 8* percent said they had used marijuana
during the past month (Fig. 2).

•Aledo ISD students are most likely to turn to friends for help with a drug or alcohol
problem (81 percent) and least likely to consult another adult in school, such as a
nurse or teacher (21 percent) (Fig. 17).

Tobacco

Between 1992 and 1994, the general use of tobacco (including cigarettes and smokeless
products) among students statewide stayed much the same. 3 Overall, the general use of tobacco
products among Aledo ISD students is somewhat higher than that reported by their counterparts
statewide.

Sixty-two percent of Aledo students reported general tobacco use at least once during their
lifetimes (57 percent statewide) (Fig. 1). Lifetime tobacco use was reported by 51 percent of
district 8th graders (52 percent statewide) and 64 percent of AISD 10th graders (60 percent
statewide). Seventy-six* percent of district 12th grade students said they had used a tobacco
product at least once during their lifetimes, a rate higher than that reported by 12th grade
students statewide (63 percent).

Thirty-six* percent of Aledo ISD students said they had used a tobacco product during the past
month, compared to 26 percent of students statewide (Fig. 2). Past-month general tobacco use
was reported by 27 percent of AISD 8th grade students (23 percent statewide) and 30 percent of
district 10th grade students (27 percent statewide). Fifty-eight percent of AISD 12th graders
said they had used a tobacco product during the past month, a rate higher than that reported by
12th graders statewide (31 percent).

Fifty-six percent of Aledo students reported smoking cigarettes at least once during their
lifetimes (55 percent statewide). Thirty-one* percent of AISD students said they had smoked
cigarettes during the past month, a rate somewhat higher than that reported by their counterparts
statewide (24 percent). Smoking cigarettes on a daily basis was reported by 13* percent of
district students (8 percent statewide), while 23 percent said most or all of their close friends
smoke cigarettes (21 percent statewide).

3 Statewide data is collected every other year. The statewide data used for comparison purposes in the district
report and executive summary is taken from the results of the survey administered in 1994.

2
Lifetime use of smokeless tobacco products was reported by 29* percent of AISD students (19
percent statewide), while 12* percent said they had used a smokeless tobacco product during
the past month (6 percent statewide), rates somewhat higher than those reported by their peers
statewide. Using a smokeless tobacco product on a daily basis was reported by 1 percent of
district students (2 percent statewide), and 11* percent said most or all of their close friends use
smokeless tobacco (6 percent statewide).

Alcohol

Alcohol is the most widely used substance among students statewide and in the Aledo ISD.
Alcohol use among secondary students in 1994 was similar to that reported in 1992. Overall,
Aledo ISD 8th and 10th grade students are drinking alcohol at rates somewhat similar to those
reported by their peers statewide, while AISD 12th grade students are drinking alcohol at rates
similar to those reported by their counterparts statewide.

Seventy-seven percent of Aledo students reported consuming alcohol at least once during their
lifetimes (78 percent statewide) (Fig. 1). Lifetime alcohol use was reported by 65 percent of
AISD 8th graders (69 percent statewide) and 77 percent of district 10th graders (81 percent
statewide). Ninety-four* percent of AISD 12th grade students said they had consumed alcohol
at least once during their lifetimes, a rate somewhat higher than that reported by 12th grade
students statewide (86 percent) (Fig. 3).

Forty-three percent of Aledo ISD students said they had consumed alcohol during the past
month (42 percent statewide) (Fig. 2). Past-month alcohol use was reported by 28 percent of
district 8th grade students (34 percent statewide) and 36 percent of AISD 10th grade students
(45 percent statewide), rates somewhat lower than those reported by 8th and 10th grade students
statewide. Seventy-five* percent of district 12th graders said they had consumed alcohol during
the past month, a rate higher than that reported by 12th graders statewide (52 percent statewide)
(Fig. 4).

The alcoholic beverages most often consumed by Aledo students are wine coolers (62
percent/64 percent statewide) and beer (61 percent/63 percent statewide). Thirty-seven percent
of AISD students said they drink beer on a weekly or monthly basis (40 percent statewide), and
31 percent said they drink wine coolers weekly or monthly (36 percent statewide).

"Binge drinking" is the consumption of five or more beers, wine coolers, servings of wine, or
drinks with liquor at one time. Thirty-nine percent of Aledo ISD students reported "binge
drinking" beer at least once during the past year (42 percent statewide), while 20 percent said
they usually drink five or more beers at a time on average when they drink (22 percent
statewide). Past-year "binge drinking" of wine coolers was reported by 39 percent of AISD
students (43 percent statewide), while 16 percent said they usually drink five or more wine
coolers at a time on average when they drink (20 percent statewide).

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Four* percent of Aledo students reported attending at least one class during the past school year
while "drunk," compared to 10 percent of students statewide. Attending class while "drunk"
was reported by 3 percent of AISD 8th graders (10 percent statewide) and 3 percent of AISD
10th graders (11 percent statewide), rates somewhat lower than those reported by 8th and 10th
graders statewide. Eight percent district 12th graders reported attending class while intoxicated
during the past year (10 percent statewide) (Figs. 9a and 9b).

Twenty-three percent of AISD 10th and 12th grade students said that they had driven a car after
having "a good bit to drink" at least once during the past year (18 percent statewide). Driving
while intoxicated was reported by 9 percent of district 10th grade students (11 percent
statewide). Thirty-eight* percent of Aledo 12th grade students said that they had driven a car
after having "a good bit to drink" at least once during the past year, a rate higher than that
reported by 12th grade students statewide (26 percent). Driving while intoxicated four or more
times during the past year was reported by 7 percent of district 10th and 12th graders (5 percent
statewide) (Fig. 11).

Students were asked about the availability of alcohol, its use among friends, and its use at
parties. Eighty-three percent of Aledo ISD students said beer, wine, wine coolers, or liquor
were somewhat easy or very easy to obtain (80 percent statewide). Forty-two percent of district
students reported most or all of their close friends drink alcohol (44 percent statewide), and 42
percent responded "from friends" when asked where they obtained alcohol most of the time or
always (44 percent statewide). "Difficulties of any kind" with friends because of one's own
drinking was reported by 10 percent of AISD students (10 percent statewide).

Forty-four percent of Aledo students said alcohol was used at most or all of the parties they
attended in the past school year (44 percent statewide). Alcohol use at most or all parties was
reported by 16* percent of Aledo 8th graders, a rate somewhat lower than that reported by 8th
graders statewide (24 percent). Fifty-four percent of district 10th graders said alcohol was used
at most or all of the parties they attended in the past school year (52 percent statewide).
Seventy-seven percent of AISD 12th graders said alcohol was used at most or all parties, a rate
higher than that reported by 12th graders statewide (62 percent) (Fig. 12). Forty-two percent of
district students responded "at parties" when asked where they obtain alcohol most of the time
or always (47 percent statewide). Seventeen* percent of AISD students said they get alcohol
"from the store" most of the time or always, a rate somewhat lower than that reported by their
peers statewide (23 percent).

Parental attitudes can be a major factor in whether or not a student uses alcohol or drugs. When
asked how their parents feel about kids their age drinking beer, 76 percent of Aledo students
said their parents strongly or mildly disapprove (76 percent statewide). Six percent of district
students said they "don't know" how their parents feel about kids their age drinking beer (9
percent statewide), and 11 percent said their parents neither approve nor disapprove (12 percent
statewide) (Fig. 15).

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Inhalants4

In general, inhalants are common, licit substances (paints, thinners, correction fluid, glue, etc.)
which, when sniffed, huffed, or inhaled, produce an intoxicating effect. Between 1992 and
1994, use of inhalants among students statewide decreased somewhat. Overall, Aledo ISD
students are using inhalants at rates somewhat similar to those reported by their counterparts
statewide.

Sixteen percent of Aledo students reported using inhalants at least once during their lifetimes
(19 percent statewide) (Fig. 1). Lifetime inhalant use was reported by 22 percent of district 8th
graders (24 percent statewide) and 13 percent of AISD 10th graders (17 percent statewide).
Nine percent of district 12th grade students said they had used inhalants at least once during
their lifetimes (15 percent statewide) (Figs. 5a and 5b).

Three percent of Aledo ISD students said they had used inhalants during the past month (5
percent statewide) (Fig. 2). Past-month inhalant use was reported by 5 percent of district 8th
grade students (8 percent statewide) and 1 percent of AISD 10th grade students (4 percent
statewide). Three percent of district 12th graders said they had used inhalants during the past
month (2 percent statewide) (Figs. 6a and 6b).

One percent of AISD students reported most or all of their close friends use inhalants (3 percent
statewide), and 2 percent said they had attended at least one class during the past school year
while "high" on inhalants (3 percent statewide). Ten percent of AISD students said they had
used two or more different kinds of inhalant substances during their lifetimes (12 percent
statewide).

Seven percent of Aledo ISD students said they had inhaled correction fluid/Liquid Paper (10
percent statewide), 7 percent reported inhaling gasoline (6 percent statewide), 7 percent
reported inhaling substances in the "other inhalants" category (8 percent statewide), 6 percent
said they had inhaled glue (6 percent statewide), 6 percent said they had inhaled liquid/spray
paint (7 percent statewide), 5 percent said they had inhaled paint thinner (6 percent statewide),
and 4 percent reported inhaling substances in the "other sprays" category (4 percent statewide)
at least once during their lifetimes (Fig. 7).

Illicit Drugs

Illicit drugs are defined as controlled substances and include marijuana, cocaine (powdered
form and crack), uppers (stimulants), downers (narcotics), hallucinogens, and ecstasy. Between
1992 and 1994, the use of illicit drugs among students statewide increased. The use of
marijuana, the most frequently used illicit substance, also increased among students statewide
over that two-year period.
4 Lifetime and current inhalant use figures have been adjusted to reflect reported use of both specific inhalants
and inhalant use generally. Some students responded positive to specific use without responding positive to
generic use. Some students responded positive to generic use but not specific inhalants.

5
In the Aledo ISD, 26 percent of students reported use of illicit drugs at least once during their
lifetimes (30 percent statewide), while 16 percent of AISD students said they had used one or
more illicit substances three or more times (21 percent statewide). Statewide, students who said
they had used illicit drugs reported using them an average of 1.6 times in the past 30 days and
4.7 times during their lives. Aledo students reported average usage rates of 0.6 times in the past
month and 3.5 times during their lifetimes.

Twenty-five percent of AISD students reported using marijuana at least once in their lifetimes,
a rate similar to that reported by students statewide (28 percent) (Fig. 1). Lifetime marijuana
use was reported by 15 percent of Aledo 8th grade students (21 percent statewide) and 24
percent of district 10th grade students (30 percent statewide), rates somewhat lower than those
reported by 8th and 10th grade students statewide. Forty-two* percent of AISD 12th graders
said they had used marijuana at least once during their lifetimes, a rate somewhat higher than
that reported by 12th graders statewide (34 percent) (Figs. 5a and 5b).

Past-month marijuana use was reported by 8* percent of Aledo ISD students (13 percent
statewide) (Fig. 2). Past-month marijuana use was reported by 7 percent of district 8th graders
(11 percent statewide). Seven* percent of AISD 10th graders reported smoking marijuana
during the past month, a rate somewhat lower than that reported by 10th graders statewide (14
percent). Twelve percent of district 12th grade students said they had used marijuana during the
past month (14 percent statewide) (Figs. 6a and 6b).

Four* percent of AISD students reported attending at least one class in the past year while
"stoned" on marijuana, a rate somewhat lower than that reported by their counterparts statewide
(10 percent) (Fig. 10). Driving under the influence of drugs at least once during the past year
was reported by 9 percent of Aledo ISD 10th and 12th grade students (9 percent statewide).
Three percent of district 10th graders (7 percent statewide) and 15 percent of AISD 12th graders
(12 percent statewide) said they had driven a car while under the influence of drugs during the
past year.

Forty-two* percent of AISD students said marijuana was somewhat or very easy to obtain (52
percent statewide), and 6* percent reported most or all of their close friends use marijuana (17
percent statewide), rates lower than those reported by their peers statewide. Four percent of
district students said they had been in "difficulties of any kind" with their friends because of
their own drug use (5 percent statewide).

Fourteen percent of the Aledo ISD students said that marijuana and/or other drugs were used at
most or all of the parties they attended during the school year (19 percent statewide). Marijuana
and/or other drug use at most or all parties was reported by 6 percent of district 8th grade
students (12 percent statewide) and 18 percent of AISD 12th grade students (24 percent
statewide), rates somewhat lower than those reported by 8th and 12th grade students statewide.
Twenty-two percent of Aledo 10th graders said marijuana and/or other drugs were used at most
or all parties (23 percent statewide).

6
None of the Aledo ISD students who had not been absent since the Fall reported having used
marijuana during the past month (7 percent statewide), while 10 percent who said they had
missed four or more days of school said they had smoked marijuana during the past month (16
percent statewide). Three percent of district students who had not been in trouble with school
officials reported using marijuana within the past 30 days (5 percent statewide). By contrast, 23
percent of district students who had been in trouble with school officials on four or more days
reported using marijuana during the past 30 days, a rate lower than that reported by their peers
statewide (33 percent).

When asked about parental attitudes toward marijuana use, Aledo students reported a
disapproval rate of 92* percent (88 percent statewide). Four percent of district students said
they "don't know" how their parents feel about kids their age using marijuana (7 percent
statewide), while 3 percent said their parents neither approve nor disapprove (4 percent
statewide) (Fig. 15).

Hallucinogens are the next most frequently used illicit substance among Aledo ISD students (8
percent/7 percent statewide). Five percent of AISD students reported using uppers (8 percent
statewide), 5 percent reported using downers (5 percent statewide), 4 percent reported using
ecstasy (3 percent statewide), 3 percent said they had used powdered cocaine (6 percent
statewide), 2 percent reported using crack (2 percent statewide), and 2 percent said they had
used steroids (2 percent statewide) at least once during their lifetimes (Fig. 1).

CHARACTERISTICS ASSOCIATED WITH DRUG USE

Statewide, female students were less likely to have used drugs than were male students. There
were no significant differences by gender among AISD students with regard to the use of
tobacco products, alcohol, inhalants, marijuana, or other illicit substances.

In the statewide survey, students living in two-parent homes reported lower drug use than did
students living in other family situations. AISD students living in other family situations were
somewhat more likely to have used an inhalant or a downer, nearly two times more likely to
have smoked marijuana, nearly three times more likely to have used an upper, and over three
times more likely to have used powdered cocaine than were those district students living in
homes with two parents. There were no other significant differences by living arrangement
among Aledo ISD students with regard to the use of tobacco products, alcohol, or other illegal
drugs.

When asked where they would go for help with a drug or alcohol problem, the largest
percentage of Aledo students said they would seek help from their friends (81 percent/76
percent statewide). Fifty-five percent of AISD students said they would turn to their parents
(53 percent statewide), and 51 percent said they would seek help from an adult friend or relative
(57 percent statewide). District students are least likely to seek help from another adult in
school, such as a teacher or nurse (21* percent/32 percent statewide), or a counselor or program
in school (23* percent/33 percent statewide) (Fig. 17). Since school began in the Fall, 4 percent

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of Aledo students reported seeking help for any problems connected with alcohol or drug use
from someone other than family or friends (6 percent statewide).

Eighty-two percent of Aledo ISD students said they had obtained information about drugs and
alcohol from a school source since classes began in the Fall (79 percent statewide). "An
assembly program" was reported by 69* percent of district students as a source for information
about drugs and alcohol (54 percent statewide), while 68* percent said "an invited school guest"
was a source for this information (46 percent statewide), rates higher than those reported by
their peers statewide. Twenty-five* percent of district students reported getting information
about drugs and alcohol from a "health class," a rate lower than that reported by their
counterparts statewide (45 percent).

The influence of drug education programs may be reflected in students' attitudes toward the use
of specific substances. Ninety percent of Aledo students believe that crack use is "very
dangerous" (91 percent statewide), and 90 percent believe that powdered cocaine use is "very
dangerous" (90 percent statewide). Seventy-one percent of AISD students believe that inhalant
use is "very dangerous" (77 percent statewide), and 70 percent believe that marijuana use is
"very dangerous" (66 percent statewide). By contrast, the perceived danger of alcohol and
tobacco use is lower. Only 35* percent of AISD students feel that it is "very dangerous" to use
alcohol (45 percent statewide), while 22* percent believe that tobacco use is "very dangerous"
(38 percent statewide), rates lower than those reported by their counterparts statewide (Fig. 13).