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Program : ISEET and NEET Class : XI-XII

Subject : Physics Time Duration : 1 hour only

Teacher’s name : Devwrat Dube Total Mark : 120
Student’s name : Total questions : 30
Exam title : Nuclei and Dual Nature test Roll NO #:

• Read all instructions carefully.
• Fill in your particulars on this Question paper and OMR sheet provided with black
ball point pen only.
• This question booklet has 30 questions. The maximum marks are 120.
• Each question is allotted 4 marks. You will get 4 marks for attempting the question
correctly, -1 marks will be allotted if a question is attempted incorrectly and 0 marks
for unattempted questions.
• There is only one correct response for each question. Filling up more than one
response in any question will be treated as wrong response and marks for wrong
response will be deducted accordingly even if one of the marked responses on OMR
is correct.
• No candidate is allowed to carry any textual material, printed or written, bits of
papers, pager, mobile phone, any electronic device, etc. except the Admit Card
inside the examination room/hall.
• On completion of the test, the candidate must hand over the Answer Sheet to the
Invigilator on duty in the Room/Hall. However, the candidates are allowed to
take away this Test Booklet with them
• The topics covered in this test are: Dual nature of radiation, photoelectric
effect, Hertz’s and Lenard’s observations, Einstein Photoelectric equa-
tion, Particle nature of light, Matter waves, De Broglie relation, Alpha
particle scattering experiment, Rutherford’s model, Bohr’s Model, en-
ergy levels, hydrogen spectrum, composition and size of nucleus, atomic
masses, isotopes, isobars, isotones, mass energy relation, mass defect,
binding energy, binding energy per nucleon,radioactivity, law of radioac-
tivity, alpha emission, beta emission, gamma emission, fission and fusion.
Single correct choice Questions:
1. Some energy levels of a molecule are shown in the figure. the ratio of wavelengths r
= λλ12 is equal to:

(a) 2/3 (b) 3/4 (c) 1/3 (d) 4/3

2. Radiation of wavelength λ is incident on a photocell. The fastest moving electron has

a speed V . If the wavelength is changed to (3/4)λ, then the speed of fastest emitted
electron will be:
q q q q
(a) >V 43 (b) <V 43 (c) = V 43 (d) = V 34

3. In a historical experiment to determine Planck’s constant, a metal surface was ir-

radiated with lights of different wavelengths λ. Th emitted photo-electron energies
were measured by measuring the stopping voltage V0 . The data obtained λ and V0 is
given: Given that c = 3 × 108 m/s, e = 1.6 × 10−19 C, what was the determined value
of Planck’s constant(in units of J-s) from this experiment?

(a) 6.0 × 10−34 (b) 6.4 × 10−34 (c) 6.6 × 10−34 (d) 6.8 × 10−34

4. A metal surface is illuminated by light of two different wavelengths 248 nm and 310
nm. The maximum speeds of the photo-electron corresponding to these are u1 and
u2 respectively. If the ratio u1 : u2 is 2 : 1 and hc = 1240 e V nm, then the work
function of the metal is nearly:
(a) 3.7 eV (b) 3.2 eV (c) 2.8 eV (d) 2.5 eV

5. The radiation corresponding to the transition from n =3 to n = 2 for hydrogen atom

falls on the surface of a metal to produce photo-electrons. These electrons are made
to enter a magnetic field of 3.0 × 104 T. If the radius of the largest circular path
followed by these electrons is 10.0 mm, the work function of the metal is nearly:
(a) 1.8 eV (b) 1.1 eV (c) 0.8 eV (d) 1.6 eV

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6. The figure shows the variation of photo-current with anode potential for a photo-
sensitive surface for three different radiations. Let Ia , Ib andIc be the intensities and
fa , fb , andfc be the frequencies for the curves a, b and c. Then:

(a) fa = fb and Ia 6= Ib (b) fa = fc and Ia = Ic

(c) fa = fb and Ia = Ib (d) fc = fb and Ic 6= Ib
7. The work function of a metal is 4.0 eV. The longest wavelength of light that can
cause photo electron emission from this metal is approximately:
(a) 540 nm (b) 400 nm (c) 310 nm (d) 220 nm
8. The maximum Kinetic energy of photo electrons emitted from a substance when
photons of energy 6 eV fall on it is 4 eV. The stopping potential in Volts is:
(a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 6 (d) 10
9. For photoelectric effect with incident light of wavelength λ, the stopping potential
is V. Which of the following graphs correctly present the variation between V and
lambda or V and 1/λ:

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(a) a and c (b) a and d (c) b and c (d) b and d

10. The work functions of silver and sodium are 4.6 eV and 2.3 eV respectively. The
ratio of the slope of the stopping potential versus the frequency graph for silver to
that of sodium will be:
(a) 2.3 (b) 4.6 (c) 1 (d) -1

11. A silver sphere of work function 4.7 eV and radius 1 cm is suspended from an insu-
lating thread in free space. It is under continuous illumination of light of wavelength
200 nm. The maximum number of photo-electrons emitted from the sphere is A×10n
where A <10. Te value of n is:
(a) 6 (b) 7 (c) 5 (d) 8

12. A radioactive nuclei A with a half-life T decays into nuclei B. At t = 0, there is no

nucleus B. After some time t, the ratio of number of nuclei B to A is 0.3. Then t is
given by:
(a) t = T log 1.3
log 2
(b) t = T log 1.3 (c) t = T
log 1.3
(d) t = T log 2
2 log 2

13. Half lives of two radioactive elements A and B are 20 minutes and 40 minutes re-
spectively. Initially the sample has equal number of nuclei of both kinds. After 80
minutes, the ratio of decayed numbers of A and B will be:
(a) 1 : 16 (b) 4 : 1 (c) 1 : 4 (d) 5 : 4

14. An accident in a nuclear lab resulted in deposition of certain amount of radioactive

material of half life 18 days inside the lab. Tests revealed that the radiation was 64
times more than the permissible level required for safe operation inside laboratory.
What is the minimum number of days after which the lab can be considered safe for
(a) 64 (b) 90 (c) 108 (d) 120

15. A radioactive sample S1 having an activity of µC has twice the number of nuclei as
sample S2 which has an activity of 10 µC. The half lives of S1 and S2 can be:
(a) 20 yr and 5 yr, respectively (b) 20 yr and 10 yr, respectively
(c) 10 year each (d) 5 year each

16. After 280 days, the activity of a sample is 6000 dps. The activity reduces to 3000
dps after another 140 days. The initial activity of the sample in dps was:
(a) 6000 (b) 9000 (c) 3000 (d) 24000

17. Which of the following processes represent γ-decay?

(a) A XZ + γ =A XZ−1 + a + b (b) A XZ +1 nA
0 =
XZ−2 + c
(c) A XZ =A XZ + f (d) A XZ + e−1 =A XA−1 + g

18. The half live of 215 At is 100 µs. The time taken for activity of the sample to decay
to (1/16)th of its initial value is: (in µs)
(a) 400 (b) 63 (c) 40 (d) 300

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19. The electron emitted in beta radiation originates from:
(a) inner orbits of atom (b) free electrons existing in nuclei
(c) decay of neutron inside nucleus (d) photon escaping from nucleus

20. Two radioactive materials X1 and X2 have decay constants 10 λ and λ, respectively.
If initially they have the same number of nuclei, then the ratio of number of nuclei
of X1 to that of X2 , will be 1/e after a time
1 1 11 1
(a) 10λ
(b) 11λ
(c) 10λ
(d) 9λ

21. The half life of element x is the same as mean life of element y. Initially both of them
have the same number of atoms. Then:
(a) x and y have same decay rate initially(b) x and y decay at same rate always
(c) y decays faster than x (d) x decays faster than y

22. Which of the following is correct statement?

(a) Beta rays are same as cathode rays
(b) Gamma rays are high energy neutrons
(c) Alpha particles are singly ionised helium nuclei
(d) Protons and neutrons have the same mass, always

23. The half life of 131 I is 8 days. Given a sample of this at time t =0, we can assert that:
(a) no nucleus will decay before 4 days
(b) no nucleus will decay before 8 days
(c) all nuclei will decay before 16 days
(d) a given nucleus may decay at anytime after t = 0

24. Masses of two isobars 29 Cu64 and 30 Zn64 are 63.9298 u and 63.9292 u, respectively.
It can be concluded from these data that:
(a) both isobars are stable
64 64
(b) 30 Zn is radioactive decaying to 29 Cu through β-decay
64 64
(c) 29 Cu is radioactive decaying to 30 Zn through γ-decay
64 64
(d) 29 Cu is radioactive decaying to 30 Zn through β-decay

25. Consider α particles, β particles, and γ rays, each having an energy of 0.5 MeV. In
increasing order of penetration powers, the radiations are:
(a) α, β, γ (b) α, γ, β (c) β, γ, α (d) γ, β, α

26. A particle A of mass m and speed v collides with particle B of mass m/2 which is at
rest. The collision is head on and elastic. The ratio of De Broglie wavelength of A
to that of B, after collision is:
(a) 2 (b) 23 (c) 1/2 (d) 1/3

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27. A photoelectric material having work function φ0 is illuminated by light of wave
length λ (λ< φhc0 ). The fastest photoelectron has a wavelength of λd . A change in the
wavelength ∆λ results in change in λd given by ∆λd . Then ∆λ ∆λ
λd 2 λd λd 3 λd 3
(a) λ
(b) λ
(c) λ
(d) λ2

28. The energy of a photon (E) is equal to the kinetic energy of a proton(E). Let λ1 be
the De Broglie wavelength of the proton and λ2 be the wavelength of the photon.
The ration λλ21 is proportional to:
(a) E0 (b) E1/2 (c) E−1 (d) E−2

29. A particle of mass M at rest decays into two particles of masses m1 and m2 having
non-zero velocities. The ratio of the De-Broglie’s wavelengths (λ1 )/(λ2 ) is:
(a) m1
(b) m2
(c) 1 (d) m2

30. The activity of a freshly prepared radioactive sample is 1010 disintegration per second,
whose mean life is 10−9 seconds. The mass of an atom in the sample is 10−25 kg. The
mass of the radioactive sample is:
(a) 1 kg (b) 1 mg (c) 1 g (d) 0.1 mg

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