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# 2/21/2018 Examples of Physics Homework Help - Mechanical Energy Conservation.

## Help: Solved Mechanical Energy

Conservation Problems
Solved Physics Homework Problems on
Mechanical Energy Conservation.
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to your physics homework in a similar way as shown with the
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## Example One, Homework Help, Problem Solution:

Conservation of Energy Applied to a Case of a Spring
Compression.
A ball of mass m is placed at a distance h above the end of a
vertical spring. The ball is then released and compresses the
spring. The elastic constant of the spring is k. What is the
maximum spring deformation? Assume no friction.

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2/21/2018 Examples of Physics Homework Help - Mechanical Energy Conservation.

The image above shows the initial and final situations for this
problem.

## It is convenient to choose the lowest point reached by the ball

as the reference level (y = 0) . We could choose a point such as
point A, but it would have the disadvantage of having to deal
with positive and negative potential energies.

## Let's notice that in the final situation the ball is momentarily

stop and its kinetic energy becomes zero at the stop point.

situation

## (Ec + Epg + Epe)i = (Ec + Epg + Epe)f, we obtain:

mg(h + y) = ½ ky2.

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2/21/2018 Examples of Physics Homework Help - Mechanical Energy Conservation.

## The maximum deformation or compression of the spring is

obtained solving for y in this quadratic equation. The
parameters m, h and k are the known data.

## For example, suppose a ball of mass m = 0,4 kg is dropped from

a height h = 1.2 m and an the elastic constant k = 100 N/m.
Replacing this data and solving the equation we get y = 0.35 m
or 35 cm.

## Example Two, Homework Help, Problem Solution:

Conservation Of Energy Applied to a Vehicle Braking Within
a Distance.
An automobile travels with a speed of 72 km/h. Assume that
when the brakes are fully pressed, it can be stopped on a 25
meters distance. If the vehicle had double velocity, 144 km/h,
what will its braking distance be?. Let's also assume that the
friction force between tires and ground is nearly constant. Also
calculate the coefficient of friction.

Solution:

## We can use "work done on an object is equal to its kinetic

energy change" , W = Change in Ek = Ek = Ekf - Eki. W is the
net work done on the object. As the force is supposed to be
constant, the work done by the friction force F is Fd, where d is
the braking distance. F and d are in opposite directions, so W is
negative. The final velocity is zero. Then

W = - Fd = Ek = 0 - ½ mv2.

d = ½ mv2/F.

## m and F are constants, so it is clear that the braking distance

increases proportionally with the square of velocity.

The braking distance for the 144 km/h velocity is 100 meters,
four times the braking distance needed for 72 km/h.

## F= µmg, µ is the friction coefficient and m is the vehicle mass.

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2/21/2018 Examples of Physics Homework Help - Mechanical Energy Conservation.

µmgd = ½ mv2.

## Then µ = ½ v2/gd = ½ (20 m/s)2/(9.8 m/s2 25 m) = 0.816 .

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## · Physics Homework - Examples of Mechanical Energy Problems

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