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2/21/2018 Examples of Physics Homework Help - Mechanical Energy Conservation.

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Help: Solved Mechanical Energy


Conservation Problems
Solved Physics Homework Problems on
Mechanical Energy Conservation.
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Example One, Homework Help, Problem Solution:


Conservation of Energy Applied to a Case of a Spring
Compression.
A ball of mass m is placed at a distance h above the end of a
vertical spring. The ball is then released and compresses the
spring. The elastic constant of the spring is k. What is the
maximum spring deformation? Assume no friction.

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2/21/2018 Examples of Physics Homework Help - Mechanical Energy Conservation.

The image above shows the initial and final situations for this
problem.

It is convenient to choose the lowest point reached by the ball


as the reference level (y = 0) . We could choose a point such as
point A, but it would have the disadvantage of having to deal
with positive and negative potential energies.

Let's notice that in the final situation the ball is momentarily


stop and its kinetic energy becomes zero at the stop point.

The following table help us to explain the solutions steps:

Initial situation Final


situation

Kinetic Energy Eci = 0 Ecf = 0

Gravitacional Potential Energy Epgi = mg(h + y) Epgf = 0

Elastic Potential Energy Epei = 0 Epef = ½ ky2.

Then, as the initial energy must equal the final energy,

(Ec + Epg + Epe)i = (Ec + Epg + Epe)f, we obtain:

mg(h + y) = ½ ky2.

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2/21/2018 Examples of Physics Homework Help - Mechanical Energy Conservation.

The maximum deformation or compression of the spring is


obtained solving for y in this quadratic equation. The
parameters m, h and k are the known data.

For example, suppose a ball of mass m = 0,4 kg is dropped from


a height h = 1.2 m and an the elastic constant k = 100 N/m.
Replacing this data and solving the equation we get y = 0.35 m
or 35 cm.

Example Two, Homework Help, Problem Solution:


Conservation Of Energy Applied to a Vehicle Braking Within
a Distance.
An automobile travels with a speed of 72 km/h. Assume that
when the brakes are fully pressed, it can be stopped on a 25
meters distance. If the vehicle had double velocity, 144 km/h,
what will its braking distance be?. Let's also assume that the
friction force between tires and ground is nearly constant. Also
calculate the coefficient of friction.

Solution:

We can use "work done on an object is equal to its kinetic


energy change" , W = Change in Ek = Ek = Ekf - Eki. W is the
net work done on the object. As the force is supposed to be
constant, the work done by the friction force F is Fd, where d is
the braking distance. F and d are in opposite directions, so W is
negative. The final velocity is zero. Then

W = - Fd = Ek = 0 - ½ mv2.

d = ½ mv2/F.

m and F are constants, so it is clear that the braking distance


increases proportionally with the square of velocity.

The braking distance for the 144 km/h velocity is 100 meters,
four times the braking distance needed for 72 km/h.

To calculate the coefficient of friction, we use Fd = ½ mv2.

F= µmg, µ is the friction coefficient and m is the vehicle mass.

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2/21/2018 Examples of Physics Homework Help - Mechanical Energy Conservation.

µmgd = ½ mv2.

The velocity is 72 km/h = 72/3.6 m/s = 20 m/s and d is 25 m.

Then µ = ½ v2/gd = ½ (20 m/s)2/(9.8 m/s2 25 m) = 0.816 .

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· Physics Homework - Examples of Mechanical Energy Problems

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