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LEMBAR KERJA PESERTA DIDIK

Mata pelajaran : Matematika Kelompok : _________


Kelas/semester : .............../ 1 Nama :
Materi Pokok : Pertidaksamaan Rasional 1. _________________________
2. _________________________
& Irasional Satu Variabel
3. _________________________
Alokasi Waktu : 30 menit 4. _________________________
:

Kompetensi Dasar
3.2 Menjelaskan dan menentukan penyelesaian pertidaksamaan rasional dan irasional satu
variabel.
4.2 Menyelesaikan masalah yang berkaitan dengan pertidaksamaan rasional dan irasional
satu variabel.

Indikator
4.2.1 Mengidentifikasi bentuk rasional dan irasironal pada penyelesaian pertidaksamaan
rasional dan irasional satu variabel.
3.2.2 Menyelesaikan masalah konsep pertidaksamaan rasional dan irasional satu variabel.
4.2.1 Menyelesaikan masalah kontekstual berkaitan dengan pertidaksamaan rasional dan
irasional satu variabel.

Petunjuk :
1. Berdoalah sebelum mengerjakan.
2. Bacalah setiap petunjuk dengan seksama.
3. Diskusikan dengan kelompok pertanyaan yang ada kemudian jawablah pertanyaan
tersebut.
4. Tanyakan kepada guru, jika ada yang kurang jelas.

INGAT KEMBALI !
1. Sebutkan bentuk Umum dari pertidaksamaan kuadrat !
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KEGIATAN INTI

Permasalahan 1

𝑥−2
Tentukan himpunan penyelesaian dari pertidaksamaan
𝑥+3
≥2 !

Penyelesaian :
a. Pertidaksamaan diubah menjadi bentuk umum ( membuat ruas kanan menjadi nol)
− … ≥ 0
− ≥ 0
≥ 0
≥ 0
b. Menentukan syarat agar terdefinisi yaitu penyebut tidak sama dengan 0.
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c. Menentukan nilai-nilai yang membuat pembilang bernilai nol dan penyebut bernilai nol
Pembuat nol dari pembilang adalah ................ = 0
𝑥 = .....

Pembuat nol dari penyebut adalah ................ = 0


𝑥 = .....
d. Meletakkan nilai-nilai yang pembuat nol pada garis bilangan dan menentukan tanda ( +/- )
pada selang/interval yang terbentuk.

..... ..... .....

..... .....

Garis bilangan di atas terdiri atas 3 selang . Tentukan satu bilangan pada tiap-tiap selang, lalu
substitusikan ke dalam pertidaksamaan.
1) Untuk selang 𝑥 < ......
Misalkan diambil 𝑥 = .... ,lalu substitusikan ke pertidaksamaan rasional diperoleh
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Sehingga selang bertanda .........
2) Untutk selang ..... < 𝑥 < .....
Misalkan diambil 𝑥 = .... ,lalu substitusikan ke pertidaksamaan rasional diperoleh
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Sehingga selang bertanda .........

3) Untuk selang 𝑥 > .......


Misalkan diambil 𝑥 = .... ,lalu substitusikan ke pertidaksamaan rasional diperoleh
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Sehingga selang bertanda .........

e. Menentukan penyelesaian berdasarkan tanda


Oleh karena ____________ ≥ __ maka selang yang memenuhi adalah selang yang
bertanda _____________

Jadi,_______________________________________________________________________
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Setelah bisa mengerjakan permasalahan 1, lanjutkan mengerjakan permasalahan 2

Permasalahan 2
2𝑥−8
Tentukan nilai x yang memenuhi
𝑥−2
≤1

Penyelesaian :
Lakukan langkah seperti penyelesaian permasalahan 1
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KESIMPULAN

Pertidaksamaan rasional adalah ........................................................................................


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Ada beberapa bentuk umum pertidaksamaan rasional yaitu
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Langkah-langkah penyelesaian Pertidaksamaan Rasional yaitu
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