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PATTERN RECOGNITION ON THE FACTORS OF ACADEMIC

FAILURE OF
STUDENTS’

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children and youth or about 10 percent of
1. INTRODUCTION the 39 million Filipinos with age range six to
24 years old. Out-of-school children and
In life there is always a success and
youth refers to family members six to 14
failure. Whether one succeeds or fails there
years old who are not attending formal
is always a reason for having been such.
school; and family members 15 to 24 years
Students often experience those things while
old who are currently out of school, not
studying.
gainfully employed, and have not finished
Many students that enter Pangasinan college or post-secondary course. Also it
State University came from families that was stated that the most common reasons
have different socioeconomic status. This among OSCYs for not attending school were
gives the different educational needs. A marriage or family matters (42.3 percent),
research shows that children from low social high cost of education or financial concerns
economic status (SES) households and (20.2 percent), and lack of personal interest
communities develop academic skills slower (19.7 percent).
than children from higher SES groups
Continuous academic failure leads
(Morgan, Farkas, Hillemeier, & Maczuga,
students to dropout. In the Philippines, the
2009).
dropout rates revealed an alarming 83.7
Educational system is considered the percent, meaning the country is producing
most influential factor in developing 2.13 million college dropouts annually. In
countries; this is because students achieve a this case, the Philippine government must, in
position as a result of their academic the next education generation or the next 14
success. On the other hand, academic failure years be able to reverse the current situation
among students also occurs. The impact of from 80 percent of college students enrolled
college failure can cause lasting damage to in private schools and 20 percent in state
self-esteem, and the consequences can universities and colleges (SUCs) to 20
influence an inter lifetime, (Pitcher, 2006). percent, private colleges, and 80 percent
SUCs (Manila Bulletin, 2012).
According to the 2016 Annual
Poverty Indicators Survey (APIS), the From these read data this implies that
country has about 3.8 million out-of-school there are many factors that affect students’