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HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW

A BILL, introduced in the A BILL, introduced in the


House of Representatives is Senate is labeled “S” and
labeled “H” and assigned a assigned a number.
number.

ACTION BILL

FIRST READING  READING OF TITLE/AUTHOR/S FIRST READING


 REFERRING TO APPROPRIATE
STANDING COMMITTEES

COMMITTEE STUDIES & RECOMMENDS:

 IF ACTION IS FAVORABLE, THE


REPORT IS SUBMITTED THRU
COMMITTEE ON RULES
 IF UNFAVORABLE, BILL IS LAID ON
THE TABLE (AUTHORS/INFORMED)

 COMMITTEE ON RULES
CALENDARS, BILL FOR FLOOR
DISCUSSION

 FLOOR DISCUSSION/DEBATES
SECOND READING  PERIOD OF AMENDMENTS SECOND READING
 VOTING

 DISTRIBUTION OF BILL IN FINAL


FIRST READING FORM THIRD READING
 ROLL CALL VOTE

 IN CASE OF CONFLICTING
PROVISIONS, AD HOC
CONFERENCE IS CONSTITUTED
TO RECONCILE DIFFERENCES

 FLOOR DELIBERATION ON
CONFERENCE COMMITTEE
REPORT
 VOTING

PRESIDENTIAL ACTION

FAILURE TO ACT, WITHIN 30 DAYS


APPROVES AFTER RECEIPT, ILL LASPSES INTO VETOES
LAW

RETURNS TO ORIGINATIONG HOUSE


WITH EXPLANATION

 ACCEPTS OR
 OVER-RIDES BY 2/3 VOTE IN
BOTH HOUSES