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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

It takes a lot of effort, perseverance and team work to complete and finish this
requirement. We are thankful for these people who have helped us, motivated us, and inspired us
on making this community diagnosis possible.
Mrs. Teresita Flores-Merin RN MPH, our adviser in doing this community diagnosis,
for sharing her knowledge, expertise, and experience to complete this community diagnosis. We
couldn’t have done it without her, she was guiding us through everything.
Mrs. Almira Tenorio RN MAN MaEd Ph.D, the Officer in Charge of our college, for the
words of encouragement and keeping us motivated in everything that we do.
To the staffs of the Dapitan Health Center . the doctors, staff nurses and barangay health
workers for permitting us to use their area and for helping and supporting us in our performance.
To the Barangay Officials of Barangay 511 , especially Barangay Chairman Arnold
Ginete, who approved our letter and permitted us in conducting community assessment in his
barangay and whole-heartedly cooperated with us in the assessment made. Kagawad Lorenzo
Erfelo also, in coming with us to have a easy access to the community people so that we use the
survey form easily.
To the community people and residents of Barangay 511 , for giving us their cooperation
and time to conduct interview regarding informations about their respective families.
To our beloved parents, for the support, love, trust and words of encouragement and wisdom
you’ve been giving us.
And finally to God, who have endlessly give us strength and courage to continue our
academics to achieve our goals and dreams. Without His guidance and wisdom, this may have
been done improperly.
INTRODUCTION

Community Health Nursing is a specialized field of nursing practice. Its basic knowledge and
skills are anchored on nursing theories and important concepts from the science of Public Health.
The ANA (American Nurses Association) define Community Health Nursing and highlights the
following important goals : The goal of professional practice is the promotion and preservation
of the health of populations ; the nature of practice is comprehensive, general, continual and not
episodic ; the base knowledge comes from nursing and public health ; the different levels of
clientele-individuals, families and groups ; and the practitioner’s recognition of the primacy of
the population as a whole.
Community is a group of people sharing common geographic boundaries and/or common
values and interests. Community diagnosis is commonly known as community assessment or
situational analysis. It is designed to collect data about the community in order to identify the
different factors that may directly or indirectly influence the health of the population, to analyse
and seek explanations for the occurrence of health nursing diagnosis that are then derived and
will become the bases for developing and implementing Community Health Nursing
interventions and strategies.
As student nurses, we play a significant role for the progress of the community. Our goal is
for the people to know ways on how to prevent different diseases that they are risk for, due to
their practices and cleanliness of their sorroundings. In step by step process, people will have
knowledge with different risks and diseases and sooner or later, will have a health community.
Statement of the Objectives
General Objective :
At the end of the two weeks community exposure, the level II Nursing Students and
the participants in Barangay 511 will obtain a community assessment utilizing the nursing
process. This will strengthen the student’s knowledge, attitude, skills and deepen their
understanding of the Community Health issues, and facilitate health promotion, illness
prevention, and rehabilitation care to families and community.

Specific Objectives :
The students, together with the participants will be able to :
1. Establish rapport and working relationship
2. Familiarize with the community set-up.
3. Formulate vicinity map with the community resources and participants’ location and
health status problem highlighted.
4. Formulate a Community Diagnosis in Barangay 511 of at least 30% of the total
population.
5. Identify risk individuals and refer to Health Center for health management.
6. Analyze data gathered from the community for future reference and for health
development programs.
7. Document activities and present Community Diagnosis based on standard format.
8. Submit Community Diagnosis output.
METHODOLOGY

Participants
The participants for this study were 6 students enrolled in Community Health
Nursing (CHN) program of Adamson University, College of Nursing. The goal of the program is
to collect and gather data needed from the selected community and to analyze the data gathered
in presenting and arriving at a specific and accurate problem and facilitate them to an action in
obliterating the problem.

The chosen community for this study is Barangay 511 Zone 50 Sampaloc, Manila.
It is an urban area near the railway.

Materials
We utilized the Initial Data Base (IDB) as an survey form in acquiring data from
every family that we interviewed.
For our venue for the general assembly, we made use of the Barangay Basketball
court where we conducted the community forum. The materials that were used were visual aids,
speaker and flyers. We also made use of the Nursery classroom for the nurseries that we taught.
The materials that were used were visual aids, a phone and a speaker.
SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS
The study is focused on getting an community diagnosis in Baranggay 511. The scope
of our study includes collecting and analyzing data about community where we can identify
factors that will result to a specific problem that can affect and influence the health of the people
in the community. We utilize the datas gathered in formulating community nursing diagnosis as
a basis for developing and making community health interventions.
COMMUNITY PROFILE

I. Population Indices

Total Families Surveyed: 30

Total Individuals: 142

Table 1.2 frequency and Percentage Distribution showing Total household Members Surveyed
Families in Brngy.511, Zone 50, Sampaloc, Manila January 2017

Bilang ng
Miyembro f %

1 1 3.33

2 3 10

3 2 6.7

4 7 23.3

5 7 23.3

6 6 20

7 2 6.7

8 1 3.33

9 0 0

10 0 0

11 0 0

12an d above 1 3.33

TOTAL 30 100
Figure 1.2

Bilang ng Miyembro
25

20

15

10

0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 and
above
Bilang ng Miyembro

Interpretation:

The data shows that out of 30 families, the majority number are families with 4 and 5
members which has both numbers of 7 families (23.3%), followed by six (6) members which are
6 families (20%). The following are two (2) members (10%), 3 and 7 members are equal in
number which contains 2 families (6.7%), and lastly 1, 8, and 12 members are equal which are
single (3.33%).
Analysis:

According to the data, this show that most number of families in the community are
able to sustain the average amount of family income. This means that a number of five
members in a family can sustain themselves to obtain their needs everyday.

An average Filipino household has has a number of 4.6 members in a family, according
to the Philippine National Satatistics Office. This means that the members of the family at
the barangay which are 4 to 5 members can almost support their own family with just one
minimum wage to provide their basic needs. The minimum wage is P454 pesos, according to
the Philippine ational Statistics Office. In order to sustain their needs, living wage should be
P1088.

The number of fam ily earners in the family should be 2 to 3 members, to match the
ideal living wage of a family.
Table1.4 Frequency and Percentage Distribution showing the Gender of Surveyed
individuals in Brngy. 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila, as of January 2017.

Gender f %

Male 69 52.68

Female 62 47.32

TOTAL 131 100.00

Sex Ratio = number of males / number of females x 100

=69 / 62 x 100

=111.29 or 111

Sex Ratio: 111 males: 100 females

Interpretation:

The data shows that 69 (52.68%) of the total population are male, and 62 (47.32%) are
female. The ratio of male to female is 111:100 which means that there are 111 males for every
100 females in the community.

Analysis:

According to tha data, it show that the majority population for the community is male. Males
outnumber their counterparts on the ratio of 111.29 males for every 100 females. This means that
mostly the
Table 1.6 Frequency Distribution Showing The Civil Status of Individuals

Katayuang Sibil f %

Single (S) 50 49.01

Kasal(M ) 51 50.49

Balo(W) 2 1.96

Hiwalay(Sep.) 3 2.94

Common Law(CL) 0 0

Total: 106 100

Figure 1.6 Percentage Distribution Showing the Civil Status of Individuals 15 years old and
Surveyed in Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017.
Civil Status

Single

Married

Widowed

Seperated

Common Law

Total

0 10 20 30 40 50 60

%
Interpretaion:

The data implies that out of individuals within the reproductive age and above 15
years, 51 (50.49%) are married, 50 49.01% are single, 2 1.96% are widowed, 3 2.94% are
seperated.

Analysis:

This shows that most individuals are married while the least are widowed. It means that the
families metters thier own marital status. They get to maintain their marital status until the
death of their wives or husbands.

For those who might be single, they might have chose to be one due to financial problem or
due to unplanned family.
Table 1.7 Frequency and Percentage Distribution showing the Educational Attainment of
Surveyed Individual 8 years old and baove in Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc,
Manila.

Antas ng Pinagaralan f %

1.Walang Pormal na 0 0
Edukasyon

2.Elementarya

2.1 Hindi Nag-aaral 0 0

2.2 Nag-aaral 7 7.53

2.3 Hindi Nakatapos 2 2.15

2.4 Nakatapos 2 2.15

3.Sekundarya

3.1 Hindi Nag-aaral 0 0

3.2 Nag-aaral 9 9.68

3.3 Hindi Nakatapos 6 6.45

3.4 Nakatapos 10 10.75

4.Kolehiyo

4.1 Hindi Nag-aaral 0 0

4.2 Nag-aaral 3 3.22

4.3 Hindi Nakatapos 24 25.81

4.4 Nakatapos 30 32.26

Total 93 100
Figure 1.7 Percentage Distribtuion showing the Educational Attainment of Surveyed Individuals
8 Years old and above in Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc Manila as of January
2017.

%
4.4 Nakatapos
4.3 Hindi Nakatapos
4.2 Nag-aaral
4.1 Hindi Nag-aaral
4.Kolehiyo
3.4 Nakatapos
3.3 Hindi Nakatapos
3.2 Nag-aaral
3.1 Hindi Nag-aaral
3.Sekundarya
2.4 Nakatapos
2.3 Hindi Nakatapos
2.2 Nag-aaral
2.1 Hindi Nag-aaral
2.Elementarya
1.Walang Pormal na Edukasyon

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

%
Interpretation:

The data show that among 93 individuals amognt the literacy age, mostly or 30 are
college graduates (32. 26%). followed by highschool graduates with 10 (10.75%)
individuals.

Analysis:

The data implies that the majoirty are college graduates, which means that most families
priotize education or they can support the needs of having an education. With the employment
rate of 94.42, this means that college graduates have greater chances of being employed to
earn enough wage to support their own. This also means that with the educational attainment of
most individuals in the community they mostly have white or pink collared jobs.
Table 1.8 Frequenc y and Percentage Distribution Showing the Educational Attainment of
Individuals 8 years old and above surveyed in Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4 Sampaloc
Manila as of January 2017.

Pinag-aralan f %

Pop. Of 8 years old and 84 90.32


above who can read and
write

Pop. Of 8 years old 93 100


and above

Formula for Literacy Rate:

8 years old and above who can read and write x100

Total poapulation of 8 years old and above

Computation:

84 / 93 x 100 = 90.32% or 90%

Interpretation:

The data shows that out of 93 individuals of 8 yeasr old and above84 individuals can read
and write out of 93 population of 8 years old and above.

Analysis:

This means some individuals in the community who has not completed their education
might be due to financial problems or early marriage at such an early age. Beacause of poverty
parents can hardly support thier own children to have a continuous education.
Table 1.9 Frequency and Distribution showing the College Courses of INdividuals in Barangay
511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017

Course f %

Management 4 0.1

PreeMarine Engineering 6 0.05

Architect 3 0.05

Information Technology 2 0.1

Graphic Arts 1 0.05

Marketing 1 0.05

Commerce 1 0.05

Mass Communication 3 0.05

Electrical Engineering 1 0.05

Hotel and Restaurant 0.1


Management 2

Food Technology 1 0.05

Business Administration 5 0.25

Total 30 100
Interpretation:

The data shows that out of 30 individuals, mostly are graduates of business administration
which is 5 and premarin engineering which is 6.

Analysis:

That data implies that the majority of the taken courses are white collared and blue
collared.

This means that the follwoing individuals who haas graduated has better chances of
being employed due to his educational attainment and confidence to work as they have received
the training for their respectable occupations.
2.Economic Indices

Table 2.1 Frequency and Percentage Distribution showing the Occupational Stsatus of
Individuals in Barangay 511, Zone 50, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017.

Estado ng Hanapbuhay f %

May Trabaho 44 48.35

Walang Trabaho 6 6.59

Self-Employed 41 45.05

Total 91 100

Occupational Status

45%
48%

7%

May Trabaho Self-Employed Walang Trabaho


Intrepretation:

The data show that out of 91 individuals within the working age group (15-64 years
old) are employyed, while the following are 41 self -employed (48.35%) and 6 (6.59%)
unemployed

Analysis:

According to the data, that the number of individuals who are employed or sel-f employed
are greater than the number of individuals whoare unemployed. THis means thaat most of the
community prioritize earning money. Even though some may not have completed their education
they are still pursuing to ea rn money to support thier own family. Some people who cannot
continue to finish their own edducation have chosen to earn money with their own means by
building businesses. The reason for why there are unemployed due to retirement or old age, or
can also be due to early marriage or family, especially for the young females who has to stay at
home to take care of their child.
Table 2.3 Frequency and Percentage Distribution showing Source of Family Income Surveyed
Families IN Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017.

Pinagkukunan ng Kita ng Pamilya f %

Work Related 25 75.56

Business Related 3 15.15

Pension 2 9.09

Support System 0 0

Total 30 100

Pinagkukunan ng Kita ng Pamilya


80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
work related Business related Pension Support System

%
Interpretation:

The data show that out of 30 families surveyed that thie primary source of income is
work-related (75.56%), fbusiness related (15.15%) and from pension (9.09%)

Analysis:

The data implies that most families depend on the work salay form their family earner. This
means taht the occupation of the family earner must be very reliable as it can sustain the needs
of the fam ily. There are some who earn movey thorugh business, like sari-sari stores and
selling other products uch as tiles.
Table 2.4 Frequency and Percentage Distribution showing Average Monthly INcome of
Surveyed families in Barangay 511, Zone 50, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017.

Buwanang Kita ng Pa milya f

5000 pababa 7

5001-10000 11

10001-15000 4

15001-20000 4

20001-25000 1

25001-30000 1

30001-35000 0

35001 at pataas 2

Total 30
Figure 2.4 Percentage Distribution showing Average Monthly Income of surveyed families in
Barangay 567, Zone 55, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017

Buwanang Kita ng Pamilya


40

35

30

25

20

15

10

0
5000 pababa 5001-10000 10001-15000 15001-20000

%
Interpretation:

The data shows that majority of the average monthly income is Php 5,001-10,000 with 11
families. The following are 7 families with Php 5,000 and below, 4 familes which have Php
10,001-15,000 also 4 familes who have Php15,001-20,000, 1 has Php 20,001-25,000, also 1
who has Php 25,001-30,000 and 2 who have Php 35,001 and above.

Analysis:

This implies that most fam ilies’ income are within the average family wage income which
is Php 52,000. It means that most fa milies have enough money that they earn from the job of
their own family earners. Some have gotten extra income form their businesses tha;ts why their
monthly income is suffice. Although the following number of families has Php 5,000 and below
income this might be for those who have jobs who can hardly earn an income higher than 5,000.
Table 2.5 Frequency and Perce ntage Distribution Showing Average Monthly Expenditure of
sureveyed families in Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017

Buwanng gastos ng Pamilya f %

5000 pababa 5 16.67

5001-10000 15 0.3

10001-15000 6 0.2

15001-20000 2 6.67

20001-25000 0 0

25001-30000 1 3.33

30001-35000 0 0

35001 at pataas 1 3.33

Total 30 100
Figure 2.5 Percentage Distribution showing Average Monthly Expenditure of surveyed famlies
in Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017

Monthly Expenditures
18

16

14

12

10

Interpretation:

The data shows that most families which are 15 in number have Php5,001-10,000 expenses
every month. The following are 6 amilies who have expen eses Php 10,001-15,000, 5 families
Php 5,00 and below, 2 famlies with Php 15,001-20,000 and 1 family with Php 25,001-30,000 and
1 family with Php 35,001 and above.

Analysis:

The family income and expenditure are equal. This means that most families spend lesser than
the average monthly expenditure in family of 5 members which is 376 thousand pesos. It means
that their income is only suffice for their monthly expenditures. The families are able to prioritize
and allot aloo thier budget well.
3.Socio-Cultural Indices

Table 3.1 Frequency and Percentage Showing the types of family of the Families Surveyed, in
Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila, as of January 2017

Ayon sa pagsasa-ayos f %
panloob

Nukleyar 19 63.33

Ekstended 11 36.67

Total 30 100

Figure 3.1 Percentage Distribution Showing the types of Family of The Families Surveyed in
Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017

Ekstended
37%

Nukleyar
63%
Interpretation:

The data shows that majority are nuclear families with 19 families (63.33%) and the
following are extended with 11 families (36.67%).

Analysis:

This means that most famlies only live with thier own. Most of these are couples choose to
live independently from their parents to start a familiy. Some of them are from provinces who
went here to manila to find a better job and started to have a family here. Some extended families
here are living with thier siblings and their own family, while most of them are living with the
grandparents who are too old that needs to be taken care of.
Table 3. 2 Frequency and Percentage showing the length of residency of the families surveyed in
Barangay 511, Zone 50, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017

Tagal ng Panirahan f %

0-11 months 0 0

1-5 years 4 20

6-10 years 6 13.33

11-15 years 3 10

16-20 years 2 6.67

21-25 years 1 3.33

26 years and above 14 46.67

Total 30 100
Figure 3.2 Percentage Distribution showing length of residency of the families surveyed, in
Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017

0%
20%

47%
13%

10%
3% 7%

0-11 months 1-5 years 6-10 years 11-15 years


16-20 years 21-25 years 26 years and above

Interpretation:

The data shows that majority are families who have lived in the community in 26 years and
above, the following are 6-10 years with 6 families, 1-5 years with 4 families, 11-15 years with 3
families, 16-20 years with 2 families, and 21-25 years with only 1 family.

Analysis:

This means that most of these families have chosen to stay here for the past 26 years. Some
of these families might have grown up here and has chosen to continue living here. Some
families are old people who have nowhere else to go. The following families who have only
stayed in this community are families who came from provinces and has chosen to settle here
with its available resources and facilities.
Table 3.3 Frequency and Percentage showing the place of origin of the families surveyed, in
Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017

Pook ng Pinagmulan f %

Luzon 119 90.15

Visayas 9 6.82

Mindanao 2 1.51

Total 132 100

Figure 3.3 Percentage Distribution showing the place of origin of the families surveyed, in
Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017

PLACE OF ORIGIN
Mindanao
Visayas
1%
7%

Luzon
92%
Interpretation:

The data show s that majority of the families surveyed are from Luzon with 119 members
while the following are from Visayas with 9 members and from Mindanao with 2 members.

Analysis:

Most of these families are from other Luzon provinces who chose to live in Manila
because they are expecting a better life. While the other are residents of Manila for a long time.
The other few members who are from Visayas and MIndanao has chosen to stay here beacuse
they as well are expecting that they will have a better life here in Manila. They have gotten
jobs here due to the near facilities like the school, market, and nearby shops.
Table 3.1 Frequency and Distribution showing the Dialects of Individuals 15 years old and above
surveyed in Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila

Dialect f %

Tagalog 114 86.63

Bisaya 8 6.1

Bikolano 0 0

Ilonggo 0 0

Waray 2 1.52

Ilokano 0 0

Batangueno 0 0

Pangalatok 1 0.8

Cebuano 0 0

Ibanag 0 0

Ilokano 1 0.8

Kapmpangan 4 3.03

Total 132 100


Figure 3.2 Percentage Distribution showing the Dialects of Individuals 15 years old and above
surveyed in Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila

%
Kapmpangan

Ilokano

Ibanag

Cebuano

Pangalatok

Batangueno

Ilokano

Waray

Ilonggo

Bikolano

Bisaya

Tagalog

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Interpretation:

The data show that majority speaks Tagalog with 114 members of the community. The
following are people who can speak Bisaya w ith 8 members, 4 can speak Kapampangan, 2 can
speak Waray, 1can speak Pangalatok and 1 can speak Ilokano

Analysis:

This means that most mebers here have grown in Manila and has been accustomed to use
Tagalog as it is the common language here in the Phlippines. Mostly these are children who
are born and raised in Manila. The other members are from different provinces who can
still speak their own dialect.
Table 3.5 Frequency and Percentage showing the Religion of individuals from 15 years old and
above surveyed in Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017.

Religion f %

R. Catholic 119 91.77

Islam 1 1.19

Bornagain 5 5.95

Inglesia ni Kristo 2 1.19

Adventist 0 0

Mormon 0 0

Total 132 100


Figure 3.5 Percentage Distribution showing the Religion of individuals from 15 years old and
above surveyed in Barangay 511, Zone 50, District 4, Sampaloc, Manila as of January 2017.

Religion

Mormon

Adventist

Inglesia ni Kristo

Bornagain

Islam

R. Catholic

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Interpretation:

The data shows that majority are Roman Catholic with 119 members. The following are
Born Again with 5 members, Inglesia ni Kristo with 2 members and Isalam with 1 member.

Analysis:

Most members here are Roman Catholic because most here are from Manila and other
Luzon Provinces. The roman Catholic is the main religion here in the Phlippines as well as
Islam. But in our community only one person is a Muslim who came from Mindanao Province.
HOME AND ENVIRONMENT

Percentage Distribution showing the House Ownership of Families Surveyed in Barangay


511 Zone 50 Sampaloc, Manila

Pagmamay-ari ng Tirahan f %
Sarili 14 46.67
Inuupahan 14 46.67
Libreng tinutuluyan 1 3.33
Iba pa 1 3.33

TOTAL 30 100

50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

0
Sarili Inuupahan Libreng tinutuluyan Iba pa
Interpretation and Analysis

According to this figure, 48.67% (14) families are having their owned house, 46.67%
(14) families are renting, 3.33% (1) family is living in a free housing while 3.33% (1) family is
for the other option.

So almost of the families who lives in Barangay 511 is either having their own house or
they are renting while the other families are either living in a free housing or and in another
option. Having an owned house is good because you don’t need to think about the money that
you need to pay for the house that you’re living and for those people who are renting a house to
live in they have more responsibilities like for the payment of the house and also they can’t move
or decide alone for the house and for those who’s living in a free housing, its good that they
found a free housing because they don’t need to think about the payment for the house.

According to the COPAR, owning a house is better that those renting because in this kind
of home ownership, the money that ten to be the payment for the rent will now be allotted in
other expenses in the house.
Types of Housing Materials

Distribution Showing the Types of Housing Materials Used by the Families Surveyed in
Barangay 511 Zone 50 Sampaloc, Manila

Materyales na Ginagamit sa f %
Pagtayo ng Bahay
Konkreto 10 33.33
Halo 6 20
Gawa sa Kahoy 13 43.33
Barung Barong 1 3.33
TOTAL 30 100

50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

0
Konkreto Halo Gawa sa Kahoy Barung Barong
Interpretation and Analysis

According to this table 33.33% (10) families are using a concrete materials for their house,
20% (6) of families are using mixed materials for their house, 43.33% (13) families are having
their house made of light materials while 3.33% (1) is made of make shift materials.

Most of the houses in community are made of light materials. Using a light materials for a
house is having an advantages and disadvantages, for the advantages is that they don’t need
much money for the materials of the house and for the disadvantages is that they are prone to fire
accident. For the makeshift materials, it has a poor quality because it’s not that strong like in the
concrete materials or houses.
Living Space

Percentage Distribution Showing the Living Space of Families Surveyed in Barangay 511
Zone 50 Sampaloc, Manila

Lawak ng Bahay f %

Sapat 22 73.33

Di Sapat 8 26.67

TOTAL 30 100

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
Sapat Di Sapat
Interpretation and Analysis

The data shows that 73.33% (22) families are having an adequate living space while 26.67%
(8) families are having an inadequate living space.

Most of the families in Barangay 511 are having an adequate living space and its good
because you can move well in your house while in inadequate houses is that you cant move
freely because there’s a limit in a living space.
Ventilation

Percentage Distribution Showing the Ventilation of the House of the Families Surveyed in
Barangay 511 Zone 50 Sampaloc, Manila

Bentilasyon f %

Sapat 23 76.67

Di Sapat 7 23.33

TOTAL 30 100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
Sapat Di Sapat
Interpretation and Analysis

According to this tables 76.67% (23) families are having and adequate ventilation in their
houses and 23.33% (7) families are having an inadequate ventilation.

It shows that houses are well ventilated as evidenced by having sufficient windows where air
passes through. Having inadequate ventilation increases the risk for spread of diseases, specially
airborne diseases that can lead to a respiratory problems and infection that can lead to a health
deficit. Ventilation is an important factor in a house.

Defective ventilation and overcrowding cause an increase of temperature, excessive


humidity and stagnation of the air.
Water Supply

PercentageDistribution Showing the Water Supply of the Families Surveyed in Barangay


511 Zone 50 Sampaloc, Manila

Suplay ng tubig f %

Lebel 1 20 66.67

Lebel 2 7 23.33

Lebel 3 3 10

TOTAL 30 100

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
Lebel 1 Lebel 2 Lebel 3
Interpretation and Analysis

The data shows that 66.67% (20) are using point source , 23.33 % (7) of them use
communal and the remaining 105 (3) of the family is using the waterworks.

Access to drinking water and to basic sanitation is proportion of population using an


improved drinking water source, and sanitation facility. Groundwater obtained from a well is
usually safe to drink if its has been properly constructed and maintained and most people’s
water is from point source it is clean.
Excreta Disposal Ownership

Percentage Distribution Showing the Excreta Disposal Ownership of the Families Surveyed
in Barangay 511 Zone 50 Sampaloc, Manila

Palikuran f %

Sarili 19 63.33

Pinaghahatian 11 36.67

Komyunal 0 0

TOTAL 30 100

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
Sarili Pinaghahatian Komyunal
Interpretation and Analysis

The data shows that 63.66% (19) have private toilets, 36.7% (11) have shared toilets while
0% (0) is for the communal type.

People using private type of toilet may attain control and prevention of fecal and water borne
diseases. The shared toilet’s cleanliness is difficult to maintain and it increases the possibility of
transmission of microorganisms.
Types of Excreta Disposal

Percentage Distribution Showing the Types of Excreta Disposal of the Families Surveyed in
Barangay 511, Zone 50 Sampaloc, Manila

Uri ng Palikuran f %

Balot System 0 0

Latrines 0 0

Pour Flush 20 66.67

Flush 10 33.33

TOTAL 30 100

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
Balot System Pit latrines Poor Flush Flush
Interpretation and Analysis

The data shows that most of the families are using pour flush toilets for their excreta
disposal with a percentage of 66.67% (20) while the remaining 33.33% (10) of the families use
flush type toilets. There are no families that’s using the Balot system and latrine.

WHO and UNICEF approved pour flush and flush type toilets as improved excreta disposal
system. A good excreta disposal system can prevent existence of breeding sites for insects which
causes the diseases.
Distribution of Lightning

Frequency Distribution Showing the Distribution of lightning of the Families Surveyed in


Barangay 511 Zone 50 Sampaloc, Manila

Pagsasailaw f %

Sapat 22 73.33

Di Sapat 8 26.67

TOTAL 30 100

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
Sapat Di Sapat
Interpretation and Analysis

The data shows that 73.33% (23) of the total population has an adequate lightning in their
houses while 26.67% (8) has and inadequate lightning. Adequate light that set a good working
and comfortable atmosphere.

According to ehow.com, having sufficient and appropriate lightning in a work area or at


one’s workstation is important for a number of reasons. Proper lightning not only helps one see
better while doing work, but it can help prevent health issues, improve productivity and creates
overall working environment
Source of Light

Percentage Distribution Showing the source of Light of the Families Surveyed in Barangay
511 Zone 50 Sampaloc, Manila

Pinagkukunan ng Ilaw f %

Elektrikal 21 70

Gasera 1 3.33

Kandila 8 26.67

TOTAL 30 100

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
Elektrikal Gasera Kandila
Interpretation and Analysis

Based on the data gathered, 70% (21) of the population the are using electricity as their
source of light, 3.33% (1) for those family who use Gas as their light source, 26.67% (8)
Families are using candles as their light source.

More lightning house maybe will not straight effect the health for people ut still have sides
effect. For example, mosquitoes like to stay in those who doesn’t have enough lightning. So
therefore, mosquito related diseases can be a concern in those families who doesn’t have
adequate lightning and their source of light is not that good in giving light.
Pag-iimbak ng Basura

PercentageDistribution Showing the Segregation of Garbage Disposal of the Families


Surveyed in Barangay 511 Zone 50 Sampaloc, Manila

Pag-iimbak ng Basura f %

Hinihiwalay 2 6.67

Di Hinihiwalay 28 93.33

TOTAL 30 100

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
Hinihiwalay Di hinihiwalay
Interpretation and Analysis

According to this table, most of the families in barangay 511 is not separating their waste or
garbage with a 93.33% (280 while the remaining families of 6.67% (2) are separating their
wastes.

The garbage or wastes sends out unpleasure smell mostly if they are mixed with other
wastes so we should be a good assistant, we need to separate our wastes properly.
Garbage Disposal

Percentage Distribution Showing the Type of Garbage Disposal of the Families Surveyed in
Barangay 511 Zone 50 Sampaloc, Manila

Pagtatapon ng basura f %
Kinokolekta 30 100

Sinusunog 0 0

Tinatapon sa Ilog 0 0

TOTAL 30 100

120

100

80

60

40

20

0
Konikolekta Sinusunog Tinatapon sa Ilog
Interpretation and Analysis\

The data shows that most of the family’s garbages in the barangay are collected with a
percentage of 100% and there are no families that use the garbage for burning or throwing in
river or estero.

The garbages will send out unpleasure smell and will lead to pollute the environment. So we
should be a good assistant, collect all the garbage, then throw it in the proper place and don’t
throw it in river or estero and mostly don’t burn it.
Food and Water Storage

PercentageDistribution Showing the Food and Water Storage of Families Surveyed in


Barangay 511 Zone 50 Sampaloc, Manila

Pagtatago ng Pagkain at f %
Tubig

Pinalalamig 17 56.67

May Takip 12 40

Bukas 1 3.33

TOTAL 30 100

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
Pinalalamig May Takip Bukas
Interpretation and Analysis

Based from the data gathered, 56.67% (17) families used to refrigerate to store left over
food, 40% (12) families used to cover their left over foods while 3.33% (1) family is leaving the
food open.

Leftover foods are cooked foods that you may eat within 2 hours after they are cooked.
Leftovers include foods that you may eat before or after they have been store in the refrigerator
or freezer. The chance of food poisoning increase the longer if you store a food after it is cooked.
Improper handling or storing cooked food is one of the most common causes of food poisoning
in houses.

Proper refrigeration is essential for food leftover. Consuming spoiled food can result in
diseases. Be aware that the foods get spoiled before it looks, smells or tastes bad.
Table 5.2 Frequency Distribution of Infant Feeding (0-6 mos.) of surveyed families in Barangay
511, District 4, Sampaloc Manila, as of January 2016

Feeding f %
Breastfeed 5 27.78
Bottle-feed 13 72.22
TOTAL 18 100

Interpretation:
The data implies that 27.78% (5) provides breast feeding and 72.22% (13) is bottle-fed.
Analysis:
The data implies that the majority of the mothers practice bottle-feeding, with a total of 13
infants. And there's only 5 (27.78) infants that have been feed by breast milk.
Breastfeeding is advisable for 0-6 mos. old because breast milk is best for the baby, and the
benefits of breastfeeding extend well beyond basic nutrition. In addition to containing all the
vitamins and nutrients your baby needs in the first 6 mos., breast milk is packed with disease
fighting substances that protect the baby from illnesses.
Table 5.3 Frequency Distribution of number of meals taken per family surveyed in Barangay 511,
District 4, Sampaloc Manila, as of January 2016.
Meal f %
Agahan 28 35
Tanghalian 27 33.75
Hapunan 25 31.25
TOTAL 80 100

Interpretation:
The data shows that 28 (35%) families eat at breakfast, 27 (33.75%) who eat at lunch and only
25 (31.25%) who eats at dinner.
Analysis:
The data implies that most of the family eats during breakfast, but some of them don’t eat
during dinner. This shows that they barely miss their breakfast and lunch, as it serve as important
meal of the day.
Table 5.4 Frequency and Percentage of Distribution showing Family Dietary Reference of
Surveyed Family in Barangay 511, District 4, Sampaloc Manila, as of January 2016.
Kaugalian sa
Pagkain ng Agahan % Tanghalian % Hapunan %
Pamilya
Protein 13 26 27 45 21 42
Carbohydrates 25 50 25 41.66 25 50
Fats 1 2 1 1.67 0 0
Fruits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vegetables 0 0 7 11.67 4 8
Milk 3 6 0 0 0 0
Coffee 8 16 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 50 100 60 100 50 100

Coffee

Milk

Vegetables
Agahan
Fruits
Tanghalian
Hapunan
Fats

Carbohydrates

Protein

0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160


Interpretation:
In the data shown, 132 families surveyed, 25 (50%) consumed carbohydrates (which consists
of rice, bread, pasta, pancit, oatmeal) for breakfast and 25 (41.66) had it for lunch and 25 (50%)
had it for dinner, while 13 (26%) families consume protein (fish, egg, beef, chicken, hotdog) for
breakfast, 27 (45%) for lunch and 21 (42%) for dinner. They only consume 2% of fats. And only 7
(11.67%) consumed vegetables.
Analysis:
The data implies that the community consumed carbohydrates (which consist of rice, bread,
pasta, pancit, oatmeal). They barely consumed fats, vegetables and fruits.
A balanced meal should obtain fresh fruits, vegetables, carbohydrates, protein, and minimal
fats. Even though, too much consumption of a particular meal
Table 5.10 Frequency Distribution showing the Health Seeking Behavior of surveyed Families in
Barangay 511, District 4, Sampaloc Manila, as of January 2016.

Saan Nagpapakonsulta f %
(per family)
Hospital 7 23.33
Private Doctor 5 16.67
Health Center 17 56.67
Hilot 1 3.33
Albularyo 0 0
TOTAL 30 100

60

50

40

30
Total
20 %

10

0
Hospital Private Doctor Health Center Hilot Albularyo
Interpretation:
The data shows that 17 (56.67%) families seek health at Health Center while 7 (23.33%) goes
to the hospital, 5 (16.67%) have their own Private Doctor and 1 (3.33%) go to Hilot (therapists).
Analysis:
The data implies that majority of the Families goes to Health Center to seek help for their
health since it is accessible and provide affordable services. Also, it serves as the primary health
center. Community health centers have long served an important safety-net healthcare delivery
role for vulnerable populations.
The Community Health Centers provide programs and health teachings for the families that’s
really helpful for them to understand more about health.
6. Health Values and Practices
Table Frequency and Percentage Distribution showing adequate Prenatal care of Pregnant
Women in Barangay 511, District 4, Sampaloc Manila, as of January 2016.
Prenatal Checkup f %
Kumpleto 0 0
Hindi Kumpleto 2 100
TOTAL 2 100

Figure Percentage Distribution showing adequate Prenatal care of Pregnant Women in Barangay
511, District 4, Sampaloc Manila, as of January 2016.

Kumpleto Hindi Kumpleto

0%

100%

Interpretation:
The data shows that out of 2 pregnant women surveyed, all of them are incomplete in
prenatal check-up.

Analysis:
The data implies that those pregnant women have incomplete prenatal check-up.
Prenatal care consists of much more than just monitoring the mother's diet and weight.
Keep in mind that during pregnancy it is not just the health of the pregnant woman that must be
watched, but also the health of the unborn baby. Maternal difficulties such as diabetes (which
can develop as a result of being pregnant even if diabetes was not present before), insufficient
weight gain, and high blood pressure, if gone untreated, can be harmful to the fetus. A doctor can
also monitor the baby's wellbeing directly by listening to the fetal heartbeat, checking the size
and positioning of the uterus and fetus, and testing for various abnormalities. Some conditions, if
detected prenatally, can be treated in-utero (i.e., before the baby is born). In other instances, early
detection can allow the proper medical facilities to be present at the time of birth to allow the
baby full access to the help it needs. It is very important to receive proper prenatal care in order
to ensure the health of both you and the baby.
Figure Percentage Distribution showing the Immunization Status of Pregnant Women (Tetanus
Toxoid) in Barangay 511, District 4, Sampaloc Manila, as of January 2016.
Tetanus Toxoid f %
Kumpleto 0 0
Hindi Kumpleto 2 2
TOTAL 2 100

Hindi Kumpleto Kumpleto

0%

100%

Interpretation:

The data shows that out of 2 pregnant women surveyed, all of them have incomplete tetanus
toxoid vaccination status.

Analysis:

The data implies that no one in the pregnant women have completed the immunization of
tetanus toxoid. It means that they’re not aware of the benefits and importance of this vaccine.
They should be notified that having incomplete immunization of this vaccine may risk her baby.
SETTING OF COMUNITY

Province: NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION


City/Municipality: MANILA
Barangay: Barangay 511 , Sampaloc District
Sampaloc is a parish-cum-district of the city
of Manila, Philippines. It is known as Metropolitan Manila's "University Belt", after
the clusters of prominent higher educational institutions located there.

Among the universities in Sampaloc are the University of Santo Tomas, Far Eastern
University, University of the East ..

Aside from being the "University Belt", Sampaloc is


also known to Metro Manila and the surrounding provinces for its Dangwa flower
market, located in Dimasalang Road, well known as the selling center for cut flowers
from all over the Philippines.

sampaloc is the area where American colonial troops and the Filipino
revolutionaries fought at the turn of the 20th Century. Filipinos accused Americans
of shooting a Filipino soldier, and likewise returned fire

Sampaloc" or "Sampalok" is the native Tagalog word for the tamarind fruit. The
place was likely named after it due to tamarind trees that may have been rampant in
the area.
LIST OF IDENTIFIED ACTUAL AND POTENTIAL PROBLEMS OF THE
COMMUNITY

PROBLEM CATEGORY

Improper Garbage Disposal non Health Resources


segregation of home garbage

Health Hazards cause by Health Related


insects/pets(Dengue and Leptus)

Poor environmental sanitation Health Related


PROBLEM:Improper Garbage Disposal non seggregation of Home garbage

Criteria Weight Score Actual Score


NATURE OF THE PROBLEM 1 0.67
 Health Status 3
 Health Resource  2
 Health Related 1
MAGNITUDE OF THE PROBLEM 3
 Affects 75 - 100% of the population  4 1
 Affects 50 – 74% of the population 3
 Affects 25 – 49% of the population 2
 Affects lee than 25% of the population 1
MODIFIABILITY OF THE PROBLEM 4
 High 3 0.5
 Moderate  2
 Low 1
 Not modifiable 0
PREVENTIVE POTENTIAL 1
 High 3 0.67
 Moderate  2
 Low 1
SOCIAL CONCER 1
 Urgent community concerns;  2 0.67
expressed readiness for action
 Recognized as a problem but not 1
needing immediate action
 Not community concern 0
TOTAL: 3.51
PROBLEM:Health Hazards cause by insects/pets(Dengue and Leptus)

Criteria Weight Score Actual Score


NATURE OF THE PROBLEM 1
 Health Status 1 0.33
 Health Resource 2
 Health Related  1
MAGNITUDE OF THE PROBLEM 3
 Affects 75 - 100% of the population 4 0.75
 Affects 50 – 74% of the population  3
 Affects 25 – 49% of the population 2
 Affects lee than 25% of the population 1
MODIFIABILITY OF THE PROBLEM 4
 High 3 0.5
 Moderate  2
 Low 1
 Not modifiable 0
PREVENTIVE POTANTIAL 1
 High 3 0.67
 Moderate  2
 Low 1
SOCIAL CONCER 2
 Urgent community concerns;  2 0.67
expressed readiness for action
 Recognized as a problem but not 1
needing immediate action
 Not community concern 0
TOTAL: 2.92
PROBLEM:Poor environmental sanitation

Criteria Weight Score Actual Score


NATURE OF THE PROBLEM 1
 Health Status 3 0.33
 Health Resource 2
 Health Related  1
MAGNITUDE OF THE PROBLEM 3
 Affects 75 - 100% of the population  4 1
 Affects 50 – 74% of the population 3
 Affects 25 – 49% of the population 2
 Affects lee than 25% of the population 1
MODIFIABILITY OF THE PROBLEM 4
 High 3 0.5
 Moderate  2
 Low 1
 Not modifiable 0
PREVENTIVE POTENTIAL 1
 High 3 0.67
 Moderate  2
 Low 1
SOCIAL CONCER 2
 Urgent community concerns;  2 0.67
expressed readiness for action
 Recognized as a problem but not 1
needing immediate action
 Not community concern 0
TOTAL: 3.17
Donec Salutem-Batch 2017
 Labiano, Reisabell P.
 Loberiano, Loni Michaela N.
 Saeed, Siham Saleh
 Nishimwe, Happy Ines
 Sorongon, Tesalonica B.
 Manlapaz, Erickson Ivan P.

Adamson University
College of Nursing
TAKING OF HEALTH HISTORY
The students gathered data from the patients in Dapitan Health Center

The students are analyzing the gathered data

Adamson University
College of Nursing
HERE THE KIDS ARE BEING TAUGHT HOW TO WASH THEIR HANDS
PROPERLY
Choosing the right medication in the treatment room

Adamson University
College of Nursing
At The Dapitan Medical Health Center
Distributing some snacks to the students
Last day in the Dapitan Health Center
Giving lecture about dengue