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ARMOUR PLATE STEEL

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BISALLOY® -
KEY FACTS
BISALLOY® Armour steel has
performance for life.
been the product of choice for:
Since 1980, Bisalloy has proudly been Australia’s
Construction of the only manufacturer of quenched and tempered steel
Collins Class submarine plate used for armour, structural and wear-resistant
hull/structure and naval steel applications and has established an outstanding
surface ships international reputation for quality products and
technical support.
Thales Australia’s
revolutionary Bushmaster Putting performance first, we work closely with
Infantry Mobility Vehicle & manufacturers, specifiers, distributors and channel
Hawkei Vehicle partners to deliver innovative products and service
solutions and have become the trusted performance
Construction of the US Army steel partner to customers across Australia and
MRAP & MATV the world.

Technical data at your fingertips


Visit www.bisalloy.com.au to quickly access detailed:
• Information on Bisalloy’s products and solutions, services and distributors
• Reference materials including a range of Technical Guides with detailed information on
fabrication, performance, specifications and product comparisons
• Case Studies on projects utilising Bisalloy’s performance steel products and also
the latest company news

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Your performance steel partner
As a specialist supplier of quenched and tempered steel plate, Bisalloy is highly
responsive and agile in partnering with our customers to meet their demands,
specialised needs and market challenges in Australia and across the globe.

• To fully meet the deliver value-added


challenges of our products and services that
customers, we focus on support their success
our performance first to
ensure we consistently • We collaborate with
excel in our field of leaders in science,
expertise and deliver the technology and steel
best in performance steel manufacture on intensive
products research programs
involving critical testing
• We form strong and evaluation of materials
partnerships with our to produce innovations
customers and develop at the forefront of steel
a deep understanding technology worldwide
of their businesses and
needs, enabling us to

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BISALLOY® Armour Steel
Having won international The strength and reliability of submarine grade steel
BISALLOY® Armour steel has withstood the Charpy V-notch
acclaim for the
long been chosen to support impact test, Schnadt tests,
strength, weldability Australia’s defence forces and Dynamic Tear tests and the
and toughness of the is an achievement which brings demanding Explosion Bulge
BISALLOY® Armour great pride to Bisalloy. test (the dry land equivalent of
close-range depth charging).
steel plate specifically Of particular significance was
developed for the the production of 8,000 tonnes The same approach and
of performance steel for the capabilities are deployed
Australian Bushmaster Collins Class submarines - in Bisalloy’s development
Infantry Mobility Vehicles, steel which had to undergo and manufacture of armour
you can rest assured you rigorous testing to conform plate steel for use in land-
to the RAN’s stringent based military applications,
will always receive the requirements for submarine in Australia and around the
best from Bisalloy. hulls capable of operating world, where lightweight steel
under severe conditions without plate with superior ballistic
loss of structural performance performance is required.
or integrity.
In addition to traditional
Requiring vital characteristics support for manufacturers of
including strength, toughness armoured vehicles, Bisalloy
and shock loading resistance, is increasingly supplying
the steel also needed to be BISALLOY® Armour steel
readily cold formed, fabricated to police, military forces,
and welded. government and civilian
applications worldwide for use
Collaborating on intensive in security vehicles, training
development and testing facilities, security booths,
with the Defence Science & splinter boxes, embassy ‘safe
Technology Organisation and rooms’ and myriad other
Australian steel manufacturer applications.
BlueScope, Bisalloy’s special

4 | BISALLOY® Armour steel

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The benefits of choosing
BISALLOY® Armour steel
Australian made Technical expertise Partnership Focused
This represents the highest Our people are experts With Bisalloy, you are
standards in quality and service, in specifying, developing, partnering with a company that
which customers in Australia manufacturing and using our works closely with customers,
and our global markets have products. Bisalloy’s range and engages with leaders in
relied upon for decades. of armour plate grades are science and technology, to
specifically designed, hot rolled deliver truly innovative and
Known and trusted and heat treated to provide the tailored product solutions and
You have the confidence of best solution in military and services.
working with known and defence applications.
trusted, quality products
Product range
from an Australian steel
Product quality We locally produce a wide range
manufacturer with more than 30 Bisalloy’s product quality of quenched and tempered steel
years of expertise in producing is second to none, with our products to meet the varying
market-leading armour grade armour steel the first choice in requirements and needs of
steel and other performance defence applications here and our many customers – and
steel products for Australia and abroad. BISALLOY® Armour are committed to ongoing
the world. steel is specified for hulls in research and development
Armoured Personnel Carriers to ensure Bisalloy’s product
(APC), Light Armoured Vehicles range remains at the leading
(LAV) and the Bushmaster edge of available quenched and
Infantry Mobility Vehicles in tempered steels.
Australia, along with many
APCs and LAVs worldwide.

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BISALLOY® Armour RHA300 steel
Introduction
BISALLOY® Rolled Homogeneous Armour 300 (BISALLOY® Armour RHA300 steel) - quenched and
tempered steel armour plate suitable for use in military applications where light weight and maximum
resistance to high rates of shock loading is required.
Brinell hardness
Thickness (mm) Specification Typical
5 - 50 1
260-310 HB 280 HB

Tensile properties
Property Typical
0.2% Proof Stress 900 MPa
Tensile Strength 1020 MPa
Elongation in 50 mm GL 16%

Charpy impact values


Thickness (mm) Test Piece Test Temp Min. Energy (Transverse) Min. Energy (Longitudinal)
5 10 x Thk -40ºC By Agreement By Agreement
6 - <9.5 10 x 5 -40ºC 20J 20J
9.5 - <12 10 x 7.5 -40ºC 30J 30J
≥12 10 x 10 -40ºC 40J 40J

Chemistry
The chemical specification conforms to the requirements of MIL-DTL-12560, although it is tighter than
the requirements of that specification so as to optimise the material’s performance. Product chemical
analyses are taken on a per-heat basis. Chemical analysis is as follows:

Chemical composition
Thickness (mm) Weight % C P Mn Si S Ni Cr Mo B CE(IIW) CET
5 - 501 Maximum 0.32 0.025 1.50 0.60 0.005 0.50 1.20 0.30 0.002 0.61* 0.40*

Thickness tolerance
Thickness (mm) Special Tolerance
5 - 25 -0.0 + 1.0
>25 - 50 -0.0 + 1.2

Test frequency
Per Plate Per Batch By Agreement
Thickness, Tensile, Ballistic Properties,
Hardness Charpy (L), Charpy (T)
Product Analysis

Other
Equivalent Specification Surface Finish
MIL - DTL - 12560 class 2 Shotblasted

Fabrication
For advice on fabrication refer to relevant Bisalloy technical brochures.
Contact Bisalloy direct or visit www.bisalloy.com.au
* Typical for 12mm plate
¹ Other thicknesses may be available on application

6 | BISALLOY® Armour steel

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BISALLOY® Armour RHA360 steel
Introduction
BISALLOY® Armour Rolled Homogeneous Armour 360 (BISALLOY® Armour RHA360 steel) - a quenched
and tempered steel armour plate, possessing very good weldability, suitable for use in both military and
civil applications where high rates of shock loading and resistance to penetration by ballistic projectiles
are required.
Brinell hardness
Thickness (mm) Specification Typical
5 - 501 310-410 HB2 350 HB

Tensile properties
Property Typical
0.2% Proof Stress 1040 MPa
Tensile Strength 1140 MPa
Elongation in 50 mm GL 16%

Charpy impact values


Thickness (mm) Test Piece Test Temp Min. Energy (Transverse) Min. Energy (Longitudinal)
5 10 x Thk -40ºC By Agreement By Agreement
6 - <9.5 10 x 5 -40ºC 12J 12J
9.5 - <12 10 x 7.5 -40ºC 17J 17J
≥12 10 x 10 -40ºC 22J3 22J3

Chemistry
The chemical specification conforms to the requirements of MIL-DTL-12560, although it is tighter than
the requirements of that specification so as to optimise the material’s performance. Product chemical
analyses are taken on a per-heat basis. Chemical analysis is as follows:

Chemical composition
Thickness (mm) Weight % C P Mn Si S Ni Cr Mo B CE(IIW) CET
5 - 50 1
Maximum 0.32 0.025 1.50 0.60 0.005 0.50 1.20 0.30 0.002 0.61* 0.40*

Thickness tolerance
Thickness (mm) Special Tolerance
5 - 25 -0.0 + 1.0
>25 - 50 -0.0 + 1.2

Test frequency
Per Plate Per Batch By Agreement
Thickness, Tensile, Ballistic Properties,
Hardness Charpy (L), Charpy (T)
Product Analysis

Other
Equivalent Specification Surface Finish
MIL - DTL - 12560 class 1 Shotblasted

Fabrication
For advice on fabrication refer to relevant Bisalloy technical brochures.
Contact Bisalloy direct or visit www.bisalloy.com.au
* Typical for 12mm plate
1
Other thicknesses may be available on application
2
Hardness range varies depending on thickness
3
Minimum average energy will vary depending on hardness

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BISALLOY® Armour HTA400 steel
Introduction
BISALLOY® Armour High Toughness Armour 400 (BISALLOY® Armour HTA400 steel) - a quenched and
tempered steel armour plate, possessing very good weldability, suitable for use in both military and civil
applications where high rates of shock loading and resistance to penetration by ballistic projectiles are
required.
Brinell hardness
Thickness (mm) Specification Typical
5 - 501 370-430 HB 400 HB

Tensile properties
Property Typical
0.2% Proof Stress 1100 MPa
Tensile Strength 1250 MPa
Elongation in 50 mm GL 16%

Charpy impact values


Thickness (mm) Test Piece Test Temp Min. Energy (Transverse) Min. Energy (Longitudinal)
5 10 x Thk -40ºC By Agreement By Agreement
6 - <9.5 10 x 5 -40ºC 9J 9J
9.5 - <12 10 x 7.5 -40ºC 13J 13J
≥12 10 x 10 -40ºC 17J 17J

Chemistry
Product chemical analyses are taken on a per-heat basis. Chemical analysis is as follows:

Chemical composition
Thickness (mm) Weight % C P Mn Si S Ni Cr Mo B CE(IIW) CET
5 - 501 Maximum 0.32 0.025 1.50 0.60 0.005 0.50 1.20 0.30 0.002 0.61* 0.40*

Thickness tolerance
Thickness (mm) Special Tolerance
5 - 25 -0.0 + 1.0
>25 - 50 -0.0 + 1.2

Test frequency
Per Plate Per Batch By Agreement
Thickness, Tensile, Ballistic Properties,
Hardness Charpy (L), Charpy (T)
Product Analysis

Other
Equivalent Specification Surface Finish
NIL Shotblasted

Fabrication
For advice on fabrication refer to relevant Bisalloy technical brochures.
Contact Bisalloy direct or visit www.bisalloy.com.au
* Typical for 12mm plate
¹ Other thicknesses may be available on application

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BISALLOY® Armour UHT440 steel
Introduction
BISALLOY® Armour Ultra High Toughness 440 (BISALLOY® Armour UHT440 steel) - a quenched and
tempered steel armour plate suitable for use in both military and civil applications where light weight
and a high combined resistance to both shock and penetration is required.
Brinell hardness
Thickness (mm) Specification Typical
6 - 50 1
420-470 HB 450 HB

Tensile properties
Property Typical
0.2% Proof Stress 1150 MPa
Tensile Strength 1450 MPa
Elongation in 50 mm GL 14%

Charpy impact values


Thickness (mm) Test Piece Test Temp Min. Energy (Transverse) Min. Energy (Longitudinal)
6 - <8 10 x 5 -40ºC 11J 11J
8 - <12 10 x 7.5 -40ºC 17J 17J
≥12 10 x 10 -40ºC 22J 22J

Chemistry
The chemical specification conforms to the requirements of MIL-DTL-12560, although it is tighter than
the requirements of that specification so as to optimise the material’s performance. Product chemical
analyses are taken on a per-heat basis. Chemical analysis is as follows:

Chemical composition
Thickness (mm) Weight % C P Mn Si S Ni Cr Mo B CE(IIW) CET
6 - 501 Maximum 0.25 0.025 1.40 0.60 0.005 0.50 1.20 0.35 0.002 0.46* 0.30*

Thickness tolerance
Thickness (mm) Special Tolerance
6 - 25 -0.0 + 1.0
>25 - 50 -0.0 + 1.2

Test frequency
Per Plate Per Batch By Agreement
Thickness, Tensile, Ballistic Properties,
Hardness Charpy (L), Charpy (T)
Product Analysis

Other
Equivalent Specification Surface Finish
MIL - DTL - 12560 class 4 Shotblasted

Fabrication
For advice on fabrication refer to relevant Bisalloy technical brochures.
Contact Bisalloy direct or visit www.bisalloy.com.au
* Typical for 12mm plate
¹ Other thicknesses may be available on application

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BISALLOY® Armour HHA500 steel
Introduction
BISALLOY® Armour High Hardness Armour 500 steel (BISALLOY® Armour HHA500 steel) - a quenched
and tempered steel armour plate suitable for use in both military and civil applications where light
weight and resistance to ballistic projectiles is required.
Brinell hardness
Thickness (mm) Specification Typical
5 - 50 1
477 - 534 HB 500 HB

Tensile properties
Property Typical
0.2% Proof Stress 1350 MPa
Tensile Strength 1640 MPa
Elongation in 50 mm G.L. 14%

Charpy impact values


Thickness (mm) Test Piece Test Temp Min. Energy (Transverse) Min. Energy (Longitudinal)
5 10 x Thk -40ºC By Agreement By Agreement
6 - <9.5 10 x 5 -40ºC 8J 10 J
9.5 - <12 10 x 7.5 -40ºC 12 J 15 J
≥12 10 x 10 -40ºC 16 J 20 J

Chemistry
The chemical specification conforms to the requirements of MIL-DTL-46100, although it is tighter than
the requirements of that specification so as to optimise the material’s performance. Product chemical
analyses are taken on a per-heat basis. Chemical analysis is as follows:

Chemical composition
Thickness (mm) Weight % C P Mn Si S Ni Cr Mo B CE(IIW) CET
5 - 50 1
Maximum 0.32 0.025 0.80 0.50 0.005 0.50 1.20 0.30 0.002 0.61* 0.40*

Thickness tolerance
Thickness Special Tolerance
5 - 25mm -0.0 + 1.0
>25 - 50mm -0.0 + 1.2

Test frequency
Per Plate Per Batch By Agreement
Thickness, Tensile, Ballistic Properties,
Hardness Charpy (L), Charpy (T)
Product Analysis

Other
Equivalent Specification Surface Finish
MIL - DTL - 46100 Shotblasted

Fabrication
For advice on fabrication refer to relevant Bisalloy technical brochures.
Contact Bisalloy direct or visit www.bisalloy.com.au
* Typical for 12mm plate
¹ Other thicknesses may be available on application

10 | BISALLOY® Armour steel

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BISALLOY® Armour UHH600 steel
Introduction
BISALLOY® Armour Ultra High Hardness 600 (BISALLOY® Armour UHH600 steel) - a quenched and
tempered steel armour plate suitable for use in both military and civil applications where light weight
and resistance to ballistic projectiles is required.
Brinell hardness
Thickness (mm) Specification Typical
5.5 - 16 1
570-640 HB 600 HB

Tensile properties
Property Typical
0.2% Proof Stress 1500 MPa
Tensile Strength 2050 MPa
Elongation in 50 mm GL 8%

Charpy impact values


Thickness (mm) Test Piece Test Temp Min. Energy (Transverse) 2 Min. Energy (Longitudinal) 2
≥12 10 x 10 -40ºC 8J 8J

Chemistry
The chemical specification conforms to the requirements of MIL-DTL-32332, although it is tighter than
the requirements of that specification so as to optimise the material’s performance. Product chemical
analyses are taken on a per-heat basis. Chemical analysis is as follows:

Chemical composition
Thickness (mm) Weight % C P Mn Si S Ni Cr Mo B CE(IIW) CET
5.5 - 16 1
Maximum 0.45 0.020 0.50 0.35 0.005 1.00 1.20 0.30 0.002 0.75* 0.52*

Thickness tolerance
Thickness (mm) Special Tolerance
5.5 - 16 -0.0 + 1.0

Test frequency
Per Plate Per Batch By Agreement
Thickness, Tensile, Ballistic Properties,
Hardness Charpy (L), Charpy (T)
Product Analysis

Other
Equivalent Specification Surface Finish
MIL - DTL - 32332 class 1 Shotblasted

Fabrication
For advice on fabrication refer to relevant Bisalloy technical brochures.
Contact Bisalloy direct or visit www.bisalloy.com.au
* Typical for 12mm plate
¹ Other thicknesses may be available on application

2
For plate thickness under 12mm subsize charpy V-specimens are used. The specified minimum value is then proportional to the specimen cross-section.

PLEASE NOTE: Every care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of information contained in this manual which supersedes earlier publications, however Bisalloy Steels shall
not be liable for any loss or damage whatsoever caused from the application of such information. Typical values are provided for reference information only and no guarantee is
given that a specific plate will provide these properties. Information is subject to change without notice. October 2016

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ARMOUR | STRUCTURAL | WEAR
BIS0109 - BISALLOY® Armour steel

02 4272 0444
www.bisalloy.com.au
© Bisalloy Steels Group Limited 2016.
BISALLOY® is a registered trade mark of Bisalloy Steels Group Limited, ABN 22 098 674 545

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