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# ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND WAVES

## Course Code : EEEB253

Course Status : Core for BEPE, BEEE and BCCE
Level : Degree
Semester Taught : 2
Credit : 3
Pre-requisites : Circuit Analysis II (EEEB123)
Differential Equation (MATB143)
Co-requisites : None
Assessments : Final Exam 50%
Test 1 15%
Test 2 15%
Quizzes 15%
Assignment 5%

Course Description : This course begins by reviewing Vector Algebra and Vector
Calculus pertaining to Electromagnetic Theory. Electrostatics
is firstly covered and followed by Magnetostatics. Differential
Equation is also reviewed in order to solve Boundary Value
Problems. The fundamental theory of electromagnetic wave
propagation will also be introduced. Finally some aspects of
safety and health related to EMF radiation are discussed.
Course Objectives : 1. To provide basic knowledge in Vector Algebras and Vector
Calculus pertaining to electromagnetic theories and laws.
2. To introduce students with physical realities and impacts of
electromagnetic fields and waves.
3. To understand and employ the knowledge in mathematics
to model the fields for solving electromagnetic problems.
Transferrable Skills : None
Course Outline :

## Topic 1: Review of Vector Algebra and Coordinate System

 Unit Vector
 Position Vector
 Cartesian Coordinate
 Cylindrical Coordinate

## Topic 2: Vector Calculus

 Line Integral
 Surface and Volume Integrals
 Del, Gradient, Divergence, Curl and Laplacian

Topic 3: Electrostatics
 Coulomb’s Law
 Electric Fields Intensity
 Electric Flux, Electric Flux Density
 Gauss’s law
 Electric Potential
 Electric Energy

## Topic 4: Electric Fields in Materials

 Properties of Materials
 Conductors
 Dielectrics
 Continuity Equation

## Topic 5: Electrostatic Boundary- Value Problems

 Laplace’s Equation
 Solving Laplace’s Equations using Boundary Conditions

## Topic 6: Magnetostatic Fields

 Magnetic Fields Intensity, Magnetic Flux, Magnetic Flux Density
 Biot – Savart’s law
 Ampere’s Circuit law
 Magnetic Scalar and Vector Potentials

## Topic 7: Magnetic Forces and Magnetic Materials

 Force Due to Magnetic Fields
 Magnetization
 Magnetic Boundary Conditions
 Inductances and Inductors
 Magnetic Energy

## Topic 8: Maxwell’s Equations

 Transformer emf
 Motional emf
Topic 9: Electromagnetic Wave Propagation
 Introduction and Waves in General
 Wave Propagation in Lossy Dielectric
 Plane Waves in Free Space
 Plane Waves in Good Conductors

Topic 10: Assignment: Safety and health issues related to EMF radiation

References:
1. Matthew N.O. Sadiku , Elements of Electromagnetism ,International 4th ed, Oxford University
Press 2007
2. Fawwaz T. Ulaby , Fundamentals of Applied Electromagnetism , 5th Edition , Pearson
International Edition , 2007
3. William H. Hayt Jr and John A. Buck , Engineering Electromagnetics , 7th Edition McGraw- Hill
International Edition , 2006
Course Outcomes :
MQF1 MQF1 MQF6 MQF6 MQF2 MQF4 MQF3 MQF4 MQF5 MQF5 MQF7 MQF8

## Course Outcome PO1 PO2 PO3 PO 4 PO5 PO6 PO9 PO PO PO12

PO 7 PO 8
a b c a b a b c a b c a b a b a b c 10 11 a b
(CO1) Perform Vector
Algebra in Cartesian and
Cylindrical Coordinate
X
Systems and Vector
Calculus related to
electromagnetic theory.

## (CO2) Calculate electric

potential and static
electric fields due to
discrete distributions in
free space using
Coulomb’s Law, Gauss’s X
static electric field in
dielectric media, and
electrostatic energy in
simple electrical systems.
(CO3) Solve boundary
Value Problems using
Laplace’s Equation for the X
derivation of capacitance
and resistance.
(CO4) Calculate magnetic
potential and static
magnetic field in free X
space using Biot –Savart
Law and Ampere’s Law,
magnetic forces due to
point charges and current
carrying conductor.

## (CO5) Calculate static

magnetic field in
magnetic medium, X
e.m.f.

## (CO6) To understand the

theory of wave
propagation and calculate
the power loss due to X
wave propagation is lossy
dielectric, free space and
good conductor.

X

## (CO8) Appreciate Health

and Safety issues of EMF X
Assessment – Course Outcomes Matrix :
MQF1 MQF1 MQF1 MQF1 MQF1 MQF1 MQF4 MQF4

## PO1 PO1 PO1 PO1 PO1 PO1 PO6 PO6

Assessment
(a) (b) (b) (b) (b) (b) (a) (b)

## CO1 CO2 CO3 CO4 CO5 CO6 CO10 CO11

Final Exam X X X X X

Test 1 X

Test 2 X X

Quizzes X X X X X

Assignment X X

## PO & MQF LOD Emphasis :

MQF1 MQF1 MQF6 MQF6 MQF2 MQF4 MQF3 MQF4 MQF5 MQF5 MQF7 MQF8
Current Total
Coverage PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 PO10 PO11 PO12
(%)
95 5 100

## Bloom's Coverage (%) :

Cognitive
Psychomotor Affective Total
Current Coverage (%) Low Med High

15 80 5 100
What is Program Educational Objectives (PEO)?
PEO are objectives that UNITEN graduates should achieve after five (5) years of graduation.

## What are Programme Outcomes (PO)?

PO are the expected traits that UNITEN students should have upon graduation.

## PEO Program Educational Objectives

No. UNITEN produces EE, EP and CC engineering graduates who:
PEO1 Practicing engineers in electrical/computer and communication engineering with the ability to venture into
PEO2 Hold leadership responsibilities and/or establish their own enterprises.
PEO3 Have professional qualifications/certifications in electrical/computer and communication engineering
related areas.
PEO4 Engages in activities to enhance knowledge in their professional works.

## BEEE/BEPE/BCCE Programme Outcomes (PO)

Program Outcomes
PO Students graduating from the Bachelor of Electrical & Electronics Engineering (BEEE) / Bachelor of
No. Electrical Power Engineering (BEPE) / Bachelor of Computer & Communication Engineering (BCCE)
programmes will have the ability to:
PO Statements Sub-attributes
a) Comprehend the fundamental knowledge of mathematics, science and
Apply fundamental knowledge of electrical/computer & communication engineering (C1,C2)
mathematics, science and b) Apply fundamental knowledge of mathematics, science and
electrical/computer & communication electrical/computer & communication engineering principles in solving
PO1
engineering principles in solving complex engineering problems (C3, C4)
problems c) Solve complex engineering problems by relating/incorporating
WA1 (WK1-WK4) [MQF1] fundamental knowledge of mathematics, science and
electrical/computer & communication engineering principles (C5,C6)
Identify, formulate, analyse and solve a) Identify, formulate and solve electrical/computer & communication
complex electrical/computer & engineering problems (C3, C4)
PO2
communication engineering problems b) Evaluate and synthesize the solution to complex
WA2 (WK1-WK4) [MQF1] electrical/computer & communication engineering problems (C5,C6)

## a) Illustrate solutions for electrical/computer & communication

engineering problems with appropriate consideration for public
Design solutions for complex
health and safety (C3, C4)
electrical/computer & communication
b) Illustrate solutions for electrical/computer & communication
engineering problems that meet specific
engineering problems with appropriate consideration for culture,
PO3 needs with appropriate consideration for
society, and environment (C3, C4)
public health and safety, culture, society,
c) Propose solutions for complex electrical/computer & communication
and environment
engineering problems that meet specific needs with appropriate
WA3 (WK5) [MQF6]
consideration for public health and safety, culture, society, and
environment (C5,C6)
Program Outcomes
PO Students graduating from the Bachelor of Electrical & Electronics Engineering (BEEE) / Bachelor of
No. Electrical Power Engineering (BEPE) / Bachelor of Computer & Communication Engineering (BCCE)
programmes will have the ability to:
PO Statements Sub-attributes
Conduct investigations, interpret data
a) Use research methods for collecting data (C1, C2)
and provide conclusions in investigating
b) Analyse and interpret data using engineering principles and
complex problems related to
PO4 appropriate techniques (C3,C4)
electrical/computer & communication
c) Design & evaluate solutions to complex engineering problems by
engineering
employing research methods and data interpretation skills (C5,C6)
WA4 (WK8) [MQF6]
Create appropriate techniques, select
a) Usage of modern tools to execute electrical/computer &
resources, and apply modern engineering
communication engineering activities (P1,P2)
PO5 tools to execute complex engineering
b) Manipulation of modern tool to execute complex engineering
activities
activities (P3,P4)
WA5 (WK6) [MQF2]
Apply reasoning in assessing societal, a) Apply reasoning in assessing societal, legal and cultural issues
health, safety, legal and cultural issues and the consequent responsibilities relevant to professional
and the consequent responsibilities engineering practice (C3, C4)
PO6
relevant to professional engineering b) Apply reasoning in assessing health and safety issues and the
practice consequent responsibilities relevant to professional engineering
WA6 (WK7) [MQF4] practice (C3, C4)
Demonstrate knowledge of the impact of
professional engineering solutions in
PO7 environmental contexts and the need for No sub-attribute (C2,C3)
sustainable development
WA7 (WK7) [MQF3]
Demonstrate commitment to
PO8 professional and ethical principles No sub-attribute (A3)
WA8 (WK7) [MQF4]
Communicate effectively on complex a) Communicate effectively by means of oral presentation (P3)
engineering activities b) Communicate effectively by means of report writing (P3)
PO9
WA10 [MQF5] c) Communicate effectively by means of oral presentation and/or
report writing on complex engineering activities (P3)
Function effectively as an individual and
in a group with the capacity to be a
PO10 No sub-attribute (A4)
WA9 [MQF5]
Acknowledge the need for, and be able to
PO11 engage in life-long learning No sub-attribute (C2)
WA12 [MQF7]
Demonstrate knowledge on project
management principles and a) Demonstrate knowledge on project management principles (C2,C3)
PO12
entrepreneurship skills b) Demonstrate knowledge on entrepreneurship skills (C2,C3)
WA11 [MQF8]
Malaysian Qualifications Framework Learning Outcome Domains (MQF LOD) & iCGPA

The Malaysia Education Blueprint 2015-2025 (Higher Education) or the MEB (HE) (Ministry of
Higher Education, 2015) is formulated based on the vision and aspiration of Malaysia Education
Development Plan (2013 – 2015) and National Higher Education Strategic Plan (or Pelan Strategik
Pengajian Tinggi Negara (PSPTN)) in educating students who are knowledgeable, skilled and talented
to face the challenges of the 21st century.

Shift 1 of the blueprint aims to foster graduates who are holistic, balanced and entrepreneurial
in line with the National Education Philosophy.

One of the initiatives in Shift 1 is the implementation of the integrated assessment system which
materialises student holistic attainment based on the learning experiences in higher education known
as integrated CGPA or iCGPA.

iCGPA illustrates attainment of eight domains of learning outcomes listed in the Malaysian
Qualifications Framework.

## Malaysian Qualifications Framework Learning Outcome

Domains (MQF LOD)
Domain
MQF1 Knowledge
MQF2 Practical Skills
MQF3 Social Skills and Responsibilities
MQF4 Values, Attitude and Professionalism
MQF5 Communication, Leadership and Teamwork Skills
MQF6 Problem Solving and Scientific Skills
MQF7 Information Management and Lifelong Learning Skills
MQF8 Managerial and Entrepreneurial Skills