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EXAMPLE 4: FRAME

Determine:
B
(i) Rotation at B
(ii) Reactions at A
Given,
18 kN/m

4m
E = 205 x 106 kN/m2
I = 22600 x 10-8 m4
A = 169 x 10-4 m2
A C
Axial effect is neglected.
3m

Solution:
Numbering the nodes and members,
3
3
2
(0,4) 1

5 8
6 9
4 7

1 2

(0,0) (3,0)

1
Members’ geometry:

Member L λx λy λx2 λy 2 λxλy

1 4 0 1 0 1 0

2 5 -0.6 0.8 0.36 0.64 -0.48

Members’ stiffness parameter:

Member L AE 12EI 6EI 4EI 2EI


L L3 L2 L L
(m)
(kN/m) (kN/m) (kN) (kNm) (kNm)

1 4 866125 8686.88 17373.75 46330 23165

2 5 692900 4447.68 11119.20 37064 18532

Based on K’ for members of frame, stiffness matrix for members are,

4 5 6 1 3 2
 8686.88 0 17373.75 / / /
 0 866125 0 / / / 

 17373.75 0 46330 / / /
K1’ =  
 8686.88 0 17373.75 / / /
 0 866125 0 / / /
 
 17373.75 0 23165 / / /

2
7 8 9 1 3 2
 252290.52 330457.11 / / / /
 330457.11 445057.16 / / / / 

 8895.36 6671.52 / / / /
K2’ =  
 252290.52 330457.11 / / / /
 330457.11 445057.16 / / / /
 
 8895.36 6671.52 / / / /

Known values for displacements,

Δ3 = Δ4 = Δ5 = θ6 = Δ7 = Δ8 = θ9 = 0

For nodal loads,

18(42 )
F2 = = 24 kNm ( )
12

18(4)
F1 = = 36 kN ( → )
12

F1 = 36 kN F2 = 24 kNm

1 2

3
1 2 3 . . 9
 260977.4 26269.11 
 26269.11 83394 
 
   
 
 8686.88  17373.75 
Ks   0 0 
 
 17373.75 23165 
   
 
   
   
 

Fs = Ks ∆s

and, we got

∆1 = 0.1125 mm

∆2 = 0.000252 rad.

Calculate F4, F5 and F6.

Then,

(i) Rotation at B = 2.52 x 10-4 rad.

(ii) Reactions at A,

RAx = [Fixed-end force] + F4 = -41.4 kN

RAy = F5 = 0 kN

MA = [Fixed-end moment] + F6 = 31.8 kNm.