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# Experiment for Empirical Formula

## A. To Determine the Empirical Formula of Magnesium Oxide

1. Set-up of apparatus

2. Steps:

3. Equation: _____________________________________________
4. Precaution Steps
a. The lid is lifted at intervals
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b. The lid is closed immediately after it is lifted
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5. Complete the following table by stating the observations and related inferences in the
experiment.
Observation Inference
i.

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ii.

## 6. How do we ensure all the magnesium has been reacted?

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## 7. When do we stop the heating?

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8. Calculation:
Mass of crucible + lid = 24.0g
Mass of crucible + lid + magnesium = 26.4g
Mass of crucible + lid + magnesium oxide = 28.0g

## B. To Determine the Empirical Formula of Copper Oxide

1. Set-up of apparatus

2. Steps:

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3. Equation: _____________________________________________

4. Precaution Steps
a. Hydrogen gas must be allowed to _____________________ the combustion tube for a
few minutes before copper oxide is heated to
_______________________________________
b. A continuous stream of _______________ gas is allowed to pass through the tube to
ensure ___________________________________________________.
c. The hot copper metal is allowed to cool in a stream of ____________ gas to ensure that
___________________________________________________________________.
d. The heating, cooling and weighing process is _____________ until a _____________
mass is obtained, to ensure that all the copper oxide has been _____________.
5. a. How do we prepare hydrogen gas?
_______________________________________________________________________
____

## b. Write an equation for the preparation of hydrogen gas?

_______________________________________________________________________
____

## c. Name a chemical used to dry hydrogen gas?

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6. Calculation:
Mass of combustion tube + porcelain dish = 54.31g
Mass of combustion tube + porcelain dish + copper oxide = 62.32g
Mass of combustion tube + porcelain dish + copper = 60.71g

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Past Year
1. 2005 2. 2005

3. 2008 4. 2009

5. 2009

6. 2012 7. 2012

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8.

2014

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