Anda di halaman 1dari 9

Name: ________________________________Date: ____________Hr: __________

Trigonometry/Pre-Calculus Answer Sheet Ch 6 Test


Graphs of Trigonometric Functions

This is your answer sheet. You may tear it off to do your test. You may write on your
test, but all answers need to be marked on this sheet. After you finish the multiple
choice portion, be sure to complete the short answer questions on the reverse side of
this sheet!!!

Please make sure your letters are clear or they may be counted wrong!! (3 points each)

1. _____ 18. _____

2. _____ 19. _____

3. _____ 20. _____

4. _____ 21. _____

5. _____ 22. _____

6. _____ 23. _____

7. _____ 24. _____

8. _____ 25. _____

9. _____ 26. _____

10. _____ 27. _____

11. _____ 28. _____

12. _____ 29. _____

13. _____ 30. _____

14. _____ 31. _____

15. _____ 32. _____

16. _____ 33. _____

17. _____ 34. _____

Turn over to complete Short Answer Questions 

Chapter 6 Retake KGW Spring 2007


Short Answer Questions: Show ALL WORK and LABEL all diagrams as you answer the
following:
Meteorology: The following table gives the average temperatures for the city of Payson, Arizona for
several days in the month of June.

Day 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22
Average 80 87 90 87 80 73 70 73 80 87 90 87
Temp.

(a) Sketch a graph of the average temperature (y-axis) vs. the day (x-axis). Label your axes with
quantities, units, and numbers. Connect the graph up with a smooth curve. (4 pts)

(b) Find the amplitude of your graph. Put units on your answer. (2 pts)

(c) Find the period of your graph. Put units on your answer. (2 pts)

(d) Is your graph shifted up or down compared to a normal sine or cosine graph? How is it shifted
and by how many units? (2 pts)

(e) Would the average temperature best be modeled by a sine or a cosine formula? Write a possible
formula for the graph. (4 pts)

(f) According to your model equation, what would be the temperature on day 5? How does this
compare to the actual temperature? SHOW YOUR WORK! (4 pts)

Chapter 6 Retake KGW Spring 2007


Chapter 6 Test The Trigonometric Functions

Matching: Match each term on the left to the appropriate label on the graph shown. (3 points
each)

1. amplitude

2. period

3. vertical shift

Multiple Choice: Choose the best response and write the answer in the blank on your answer
sheet. (3 pts each)

4. A periodic function is one which…

(A) gives the total angle is divided by the total time.


(B) repeats the same pattern over and over.
(C) has exactly 2 degrees for every period.
(D) gives the number of radians in one revolution around a circle.

5. In order to calculate linear velocity, one must…

(A) take the total angle and divide by the total time.
(B) repeat a given pattern over and over.
(C) make sure you use 2 degrees for every period.
(D) take the total distance and divide by the total time.

6. A radian is…

(A) the number of cycles a wave repeats in one second, measure in hertz.
(B) the time (along the x-axis) for a wave to complete one whole cycle.
(C) the angle measure related to the number of circle radii it takes to go around a circle.
(D) the distance between the center of a wave and the top of a wave.

Chapter 6 Retake KGW Spring 2007


7. Frequency is defined to be…

(A) the number of cycles a wave repeats in one second, measure in hertz.
(B) the time (along the x-axis) for a wave to complete one whole cycle.
(C) the angle measure related to the number of circle radii it takes to go around a circle.
(D) the distance between the center of a wave and the top of a wave.

8. In order to calculate angular velocity, one must…

(A) take the total angle and divide by the total time.
(B) repeat a given pattern over and over.
(C) make sure you use 2 degrees for every period.
(D) take the total distance and divide by the total time.

9. Change 25radians to degree measure.


36

(A) 125° (B) 60° (C) 250° (D) 130°

10. Change 150° to radian measure.

(A) 5 (B) 25 (C) 6 (D) 25


6 36 7 72

11. Find the length of the arc cut off by the 72° angle in the circle shown
at right. Recall that the circumference of a circle is given by C = 2r.
Decide what fraction of a circle you have pictured to get the answer.

(A) 5 in. (B) 25in. (C) 6 in. (D) 25 in.


6 36 5 72

Chapter 6 Retake KGW Spring 2007


12. A pulley with diameter 3 meters is being used to lift a box. How far will the box
rise if the pulley is rotated through an angle of 5/3 radians. [Hint: Recall that
the circumference all of the way around a circle is C = 2r.]

(A) about 15.7 m (B) about 3.9 m


(C) about 7.9 m (D) about 1.5 m

13. Find the area of the shaded part of the circle shown at right.
Recall that the area of a circle is given by A = r2. Decide what
fraction of a circle you have pictured to get the answer.

(A) 24 cm2 (B) 12 cm2


(C) 6 cm2 (D) 48 cm2

14. An object rotates around a circle and makes 447 revolutions. How many radians did the object
travel?
(A) about 7.8 radians (B) about 24.5 radians
(C) about 2809 radians (D) about 49.0 radians

The following two questions involve this situation: A Carousel makes one revolution every 60
seconds. Miguel sits on the Carousel on a horse that is 10 feet from the center.

15. Approximately what is Miguel’s angular velocity of the Ferris Wheel in radians per second?
Recall that angular velocity = total angle
total time

(A) 10 rad/sec (B) 1.047 rad/sec (C) 0.052 rad/sec (D) 0.1047 rad/sec

16. Approximately what is Miguel’s linear velocity in feet per second?


Recall that linear velocity = total distance
total time

(A) 10 ft/sec (B) 1.047 ft/sec (C) 0.052 ft/sec (D) 0.104 ft/sec

Chapter 6 Retake KGW Spring 2007


For the following four questions, match each function to the proper graph. Notice that not all
graphs will be used.
Functions: Graphs:
(A) (B)

17. y = sec(x)

18. y = sin(x)

19. y = tan(x)

20. y = csc(x)
(C) (D)

(E) (F)

21. Suppose that n is any integer (that is, n = -2, -1, 0, 1, 2…), what is the value of tan(n). [Hint:
Look at the graph of y = sin(x).]

(A) -1 (B) 1 (C) 1 (D) 0 (E) undefined


2

22. Suppose that n is any odd integer (that is, n = -3, -1, 1, 3…), what is the value of cos(½ n). [Hint:
Look at the graph of y = cos(x).]

(A) -1 (B) 1 (C) 1 (D) 0 (E) undefined


2

Chapter 6 Retake KGW Spring 2007


Use the graph shown below to answer the next several questions.

23.What is the AMPLITUDE of the graph shown?

(A) 15
(B) 7.5
(C) 30
(D) 60

24.What is the PERIOD of the graph shown?

(A) 15
(B) 7.5
(C) 30
(D) 60

25.What is the FREQUENCY of the graph shown?

(A) 0.016
(B) 0.066
(C) 0.133
(D) 0.033

26.What is the VERTICAL SHIFT of the graph shown?

(A) 12.5
(B) 5
(C) 20
(D) 30

27. Which equation best matches the graph shown at the top of the page?

(A) y = 7.5 cos[( x] + 12.5


(B) y = 15 sin[( x] + 5
(C) y = 7.5 sin[( x] + 20
(D) y = 15 cos[( x] + 12.5

Chapter 6 Retake KGW Spring 2007


28. Which of the following shows a graph of y = 3 sin (2 x) ?
5
(A) (B)

(C) (D)

In the wild, predators such as hawks need prey such as rodents to survive. The population of
the rodents and the hawks are cyclic. Suppose the population of rodents and hawks are given
as shown in the graphs:

29. Look at the times when the rodent population is


at a MAXIMUM. What is happening to the
hawks at these times?
(A) The amount of hawks is at a maximum.
(B) The amount of hawks is at a minimum.
(C) The amount of hawks is increasing.
(D) The amount of hawks is decreasing.

30. Look at the times when the hawk population is


at a MAXIMUM. What is happening to the rodents at these times?
(A) The amount of rodents at a maximum.
(B) The amount of rodents is at a minimum.
(C) The amount of rodents is increasing.
(D) The amount of rodents is decreasing.

31. Which of the following statements is TRUE?


(A) The rodent population cycles between 900 and 1500 in a 2 year time period.
(B) The rodent population has a larger amplitude than the hawk population.
(C) Both the rodent and hawk population have a period of 10 years.
(D) The hawk population cycles between 900 and 1500 in a 4 year time period.

Chapter 6 Retake KGW Spring 2007


The object pictured at right is bouncing between
position A and position C. The block takes 8
seconds to complete one whole bounce.
32. Assume the block STARTS bouncing (time 0) from
position B and it is heading towards C. Which
graph below will match the height vs. time of the
block as it bounces?

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

33. Which of the following list the correct amplitude, period, and vertical shift for the bouncing block?
(A) amplitude: 2 ft (B) amplitude: 4 ft
period: 4 sec period: 8 sec
vertical shift: 0 ft vertical shift: 4 ft

(C) amplitude: 2 ft (D) amplitude: 4 ft


period: 8 sec period: 4 sec
vertical shift: 2 ft vertical shift: 8 ft

34. Which of the following equations would best model the height of the bouncing block at any time?

(A) y = 2sin[(/4)t] + 2 (B) y = 4cos[(/8)t] + 4

(C) y = 2sin[8t] + 4 (D) y = -4sin[(/2)t] + 0

NOW TURN YOUR ANSWER SHEET OVER TO COMPLETE THE SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS
ON THE REVERSE SIDE!!!
Chapter 6 Retake KGW Spring 2007