Anda di halaman 1dari 9

See

discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/256442475

Effects of Disk Geometry on Strength of a


Centrifugal Compressor Impeller for a High
Pressure Ratio Turbocharger

Article · December 2012


DOI: 10.1115/GTINDIA2012-9690

CITATIONS READS

0 133

5 authors, including:

Xinqian Zheng
Tsinghua University
132 PUBLICATIONS 486 CITATIONS

SEE PROFILE

Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects:

Aerodynamic Design of Single Stage Ultra-High Pressure Ratio Centrifugal Compressors View project

fluid-structure interaction View project

All content following this page was uploaded by Xinqian Zheng on 23 April 2015.

The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.


Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Gas Turbine India Conference
GTINDIA2012
December 1, 2012, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

GTINDIA2012-9690

EFFECTS OF DISK GEOMETRY ON STRENGTH OF A CENTRIFUGAL


COMPRESSOR IMPELLER FOR A HIGH PRESSURE RATIO TURBOCHARGER

ZHENG Xinqian*, JIN Lei, ZHANG Yangjun


State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China 100084
zhengxq@tsinghua.edu.cn

QIAN Huihua LIU Fenghu


SinoTurbo Co., Ltd FuYuan Turbochargers Co., Ltd
Beijing, China 100084 Weifang, Shandong, China 261205

ABSTRACT displacement by improving engine power density. Thereby,


High pressure ratio turbocharger technology is widely used engine fuel economy is enhanced and CO2 emissions are
to lower fuel consumption, reduce emissions and improve reduced [1,2]. Additionally, in order to reduce the
power density of internal combustion engines. The centrifugal NOx emissions and meet increasingly stringent emission
compressor is the key component of turbochargers. The
regulation requirements, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) are
reliability of compressor impeller becomes critical with
used much more widely and the high pressure ratio turbocharger
increasing pressure ratio. For extending its maximum rotational
technology is required, too [3-5].
speed limits, it is important to improve the impeller’s disk
The centrifugal load of high pressure ratio centrifugal
geometry to decease stress. In order to investigate the effects of
compressor disks is increasing significantly as a consequence of
disk geometric parameters on the strength of a centrifugal
the increased impeller tip speed and pressure ratio. Adequate
compressor impeller, a 3-D finite element analysis (FEA) with
reliability and durability will have to be ensured through
various disk geometric parameters was performed in this paper.
geometry design. Hence the study of centrifugal compressor
Subsequently, the impeller’s disk geometry was improved to
structure reliability is attracting considerable attention.
decrease the maximum stress. The results show that the
In order to keep the balance between performance and
maximum von Mises equivalent stress in the core of the disk of
reliability, within the continuously shortening duration of the
the improved impeller could be decreased by 19%. Further, the
product development phase, numerical analyses should be
maximum stress of another improved impeller without shaft
carried out during designing a centrifugal compressor impeller
bore decreases by 50%. That means, the improved impeller can
[6,7]. Finite element analysis (FEA) is the main method for
bear higher pressure ratios or use cheaper material with lower
studying the stresses in a centrifugal impeller numerically [8].
ultimate tensile strength.
In recent years, several authors [9,10] have reported
optimization methods to obtain best performance or lowest
1 INTRODUCTION
stress. Bonaiuti [9] developed a strategy for the parametric
The world’s increasing energy consumption, accompanied
analysis and optimization of transonic centrifugal impellers,
by various environmental problems, has become a focus of
using a technique of experiment design coupled with a three
public attention. As the main power devices of most
dimensional fluid-dynamic solver. Valakos [10] used a
transportation vehicles and engineering machinery in
differential evolution algorithm to optimize the back-face
industrialized societies, internal combustion engines are
geometry of a centrifugal impeller, with respect to the
responsible for roughly 25% of the global energy consumption
calculated maximum stress, and extend its speed limits. In these
and CO2 emissions. While maintaining engine performance,
studies, optimization results are presented directly, without
high pressure ratio turbocharger technology can reduce engine showing the effect of each geometry parameters on the stress. It

1 Copyright © 2012 by ASME

Downloaded From: http://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/ on 10/17/2013 Terms of Use: http://asme.org/terms


is thus difficult for designers to obtain the optimized designs for where u , v and w are the deformations along the
their individual, application-specific parametric requirements. If directions x , y and z , respectively.
general relationships between geometric parameters of an The primary aim of static stress analysis is to obtain the
impeller and its strength can be established, it will be helpful to distribution of stresses and deformations under the stated loads
improve the geometry to decrease the strength. and boundary conditions. The effects and sensitivities of the
In this paper, a detailed investigation of the effects of five principal geometric parameters on the strength of the impeller
impeller disk geometric parameters on maximum stress and were investigated by means of a linear elastic FEA, which
stiffness was performed by using 3-D FEA. Subsequently, provides a good understanding into the internal responses of the
geometric parameters of an original impeller were improved on structure.
the basis of this analysis to decrease the maximum stress.
2.2 FEA Model and Boundary Condition
2 NUMERICAL METHODS In this paper, the effects of the geometric parameters of
impeller disk were investigated by means of a linear elastic
2.1 Structural Analysis Theory FEA, excluding the effect of non-linear material properties. The
The FEA is an efficient numerical technique to research the studied impeller has 7 main blades and 7 splitter blades. Instead
detailed response of structure to all types of loads, including of dealing with the whole structure, 1/7 of the cyclic symmetric
stress, strain, deformation, and so on. The equilibrium equations structure was analyzed to reduce the numerical solution time.
for linear structural static analysis are: The mechanical model of the impeller is shown in Fig. 1. The
∂σ x ∂τ xy ∂τ xz corresponding finite element mesh, shown in Fig. 2, was built
+ + + Fbx = 0 (1)
∂x ∂y ∂z using 3D 20-nodes solid elements in global cylindrical
coordinate system and consists of 36,736 elements. For better
∂τ yx ∂σ y ∂τ yz
+ + + Fby = 0 (2) comparability, uniform FEA mesh size was used for all the
∂x ∂y ∂z impellers with varies geometric parameters throughout the
∂τ zx ∂τ zy ∂σ z analysis.
+ + + Fbz = 0 (3)
It is suggested that the influence of aerodynamic forces is
∂x ∂y ∂z
negligible comparing to the centrifugal loads. The following
where Fbx , Fby and Fbz are the body forces per unit volume boundary conditions and loads were applied for the structural
acting along the directions x , y , and z , respectively. σ analysis: 1) Centrifugal loads at design rotational speed with
and τ are the normal and shear stress components. Subscripts pressure ratio of 4.2:1. 2) The nodes attached to both the front
are used to describe their directions. and reverse ends of the impeller (as shown in Fig. 2) are fixed
In the case of linear elastic isotropic 3D solid, the stress- and the deformations along circumferential and axial directions
strain relations are given as: are set to zero. 3) The constraint equations that tie together the
low and high edges of the model (cyclic symmetric faces) are
τ
εx =
1
E
[ ]
σ x − µ (σ y + σ z ) , γ xy = xy
G
(4) generated automatically with a cyclic symmetry analysis.

τ yz
1
E
[ ]
ε y = σ y − µ (σ z + σ x ) , γ yz =
G
(5)

1
E
[ ] τ
ε z = σ z − µ (σ x + σ y ) , γ zx = zx
G
(6)

where E is Young’s modulus, G is shear modulus, and µ


is Poisson’s ratio of the material. ε and γ are normal strain
and shear strain components, respectively. Subscripts are used
to describe their directions.
The strains induced in the body can be expressed in terms
of the deformations, as shown below:
∂u ∂u ∂v
ε x = , γ xy = + (7)
∂x ∂y ∂x Fig. 1 Mechanical model of the impeller
∂v ∂v ∂w
ε y = , γ yz = + (8)
∂y ∂z ∂y
∂w , ∂w ∂u
εz = γ zx = + (9)
∂z ∂x ∂z

2 Copyright © 2012 by ASME

Downloaded From: http://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/ on 10/17/2013 Terms of Use: http://asme.org/terms


simulation results, the impeller structure was improved to
decrease the stress.

3.1 Structural Analysis of Original Impeller


The geometric parameters of the original impeller disk are
listed in Tab. 1. Figure 4 shows the von Mises stress distribution
of the original impeller.
Tab. 1 Geometric parameters of the original impeller disk
Parameters Value
h1 0.040
Fig. 2 FEA model of the impeller h2 0.080

h3 0.107
The centrifugal compressor impeller is made from
aluminum alloy LD7. The Young’s modulus is 74.4 GPa. The r1 0.160
3
Poisson’s ratio is 0.3 and density is 2760 kg / m , ultimate r2 0.120
tensile strength is 412MPa.

3 RESULTS AND ANALYSIS


The stress of centrifugal compressor impellers caused by
centrifugal force is relative to the rotating speed, disk geometry,
and blade geometry. The rotating speed and blade geometry are
decisive for the aerodynamic performance and not considered in
this paper. The parameters of disk geometry considered in this
paper are tip thickness h1 ( h1 / R0 ), rear-disk thickness
h2 ( h2 / R0 ), rear-disk height h3 ( h3 / R0 ), fillet radius
r1 ( r1 / R0 ), and bore radius r2 ( r2 / R0 ). R0 is the radius of the
impeller. The definition of the parameters is shown in Fig. 3.

Fig. 4 Stress distribution of the original impeller

Figure 4 shows that the maximum stress under centrifugal


load occurs at the core of the disk and the second-maximum
stress occurs at the fillet region (marked by A and B in Fig. 4).
The maximum stress at the core of the disk (region A) is found
to be 360 MPa and the maximum stress at the fillet (region B) is
found to be 292 MPa. The impeller has a safety factor of 1.14
(the ratio of the ultimate tensile strength of material 412 Mpa to
the maximum stress 360 MPa), which is very small for
commercial application. This highlights the requirement of
improvement of disk structure.

3.2 Effects of Geometric Parameters of


Fig. 3 Definition of the geometric parameters of impeller
disk Impeller Disk

Firstly, Structural analysis was made on the original 3.2.1 Effects of Tip Thickness. Stresses and deformations of
impeller, which has being used in market for many years. Then 11 impellers with different h1 were calculated and compared
the effect of the five disk geometric parameters on the stress
was analyzed. Each one of these geometric parameters is with the original impeller. Figure 5 shows the effects of h1 on
modified keeping other parameters unchanged. Based on the the relative maximum von Mises stress in regions A and B. The

3 Copyright © 2012 by ASME

Downloaded From: http://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/ on 10/17/2013 Terms of Use: http://asme.org/terms


relative maximum stress is the ratio of the maximum stress to Reducing the impeller tip thickness h1 has two
the original impeller’s maximum stress in region A (360 MPa).
advantages. Firstly, it is easier to meet the safety requirements
Figure 6 shows the effects of h1 on the maximum relative due to a lower level of von Mises stress. In addition, it can
deformations along the radial, circumferential and axial prevent blades to scrape the shroud casing, which is caused by
directions of the impeller. The relative maximum deformation is deformations of the impeller. Reducing h1 is a feasible and
the ratio of the maximum deformation to the radius R0 of the
effective approach to improve strength of impellers. However,
original impeller. The results for the original impeller are the impeller should keep a certain tip thickness to meet the
marked by hollow squares in Figs. 5 and 6. requirements of the dynamic balance to remove material. Based
1.2
on comprehensive considerations of the strength, dynamic
relative maximum stress

1.1 balance feasibility and deformations, the tip thickness h1 of


1.0 the improved impeller is set to 0.013, which is marked by
0.9 hollow triangles in Figs. 5 and 6.
0.8
0.7 region A
3.2.2 Effects of Rear-Disk Thickness. Stresses and
0.6 deformations of 13 impellers with various h2 were calculated
region B
0.5 and compared with the original impeller. Figure 7 shows the
0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07
effects ofh2 on the relative maximum von Mises stresses in
tip thickness
regions A and B. Figure 8 shows the effects of h2 on the
Fig. 5 Effects of h1 on the relative maximum stresses of relative maximum deformations along radial, circumferential
impeller and axial directions. The results for the original impeller are
marked by hollow squares in Figs. 7 and 8.
3.0E-03
1.5
radial
relative maximum

relative maximum stress

1.4
2.5E-03 circumferential region A
deformation

1.3
axial region B
1.2
2.0E-03
1.1
1.0
1.5E-03
0.9
0.8
1.0E-03
0.7
0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07
0 0.04 0.08 0.12 0.16
tip thickness
rear-disk thickness

Fig. 6 Effects of h1 on relative deformation of impeller Fig. 7 Effects of h2 on relative maximum stresses of
impeller
Across the 11 simulated cases, the tip thickness h1 ranges
from 0.001 to 0.067. Due to the effect of the centrifugal load
3.0E-03
relative maximum deformation

caused by the additional mass, it is obvious that the maximum radial


stress values in region A and region B severely increase with 2.5E-03 circumferential
increasing h1 . Variations of the maximum stresses at these two axial
2.0E-03
regions are quite similar over the entire range of h1 . The von
Mises equivalent stress in region A is between 0.78 and 1.12 1.5E-03
times that of the original impeller. Variations of h1 also lead to
1.0E-03
large changes in deformations along the radial, circumferential 0 0.04 0.08 0.12 0.16
and axial directions. It can be seen that the maximum rear-disk thickness
circumferential deformation decreases but the axial deformation
increases with increasing h1 . The effect of h1 on radial Fig. 8 Effects of h2 on relative deformations of impeller
deformation is comparably small.

4 Copyright © 2012 by ASME

Downloaded From: http://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/ on 10/17/2013 Terms of Use: http://asme.org/terms


The parameter range for the rear-disk thickness h2 is 0 - 3.0E-03

relative maximum deformation


0.160. Due to the centrifugal load being shared by the rear-disk,
the maximum stress in region A decreases severely with radial
2.5E-03
circumferential
increasing h2 when h2 ≤ 0.080 . However, h2 has little axial
2.0E-03
influence on maximum stress when h2 ≥ 0.080 . The von Mises
equivalent stress in region A is between 1.44 to 0.94 times that 1.5E-03
of the original impeller. In region B, h2 has a negligible
1.0E-03
influence on the maximum stress over the entire range of h2 . 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4
rear-disk height
Variations of h2 also lead to some changes in deformations
along the radial, circumferential and axial directions. It can be Fig. 10 Effects of h3 on relative deformations of impeller
seen that the maximum circumferential deformation increases,
while the axial deformation decreases with increasing h2 . The
Across the 16 cases, the rear-disk height h3 ranges from
effect ofh2 on radial deformation is relatively not significant. 0.027 to 0.33. It can be observed that the maximum stress in
Mass and inertia increase with increasing h2 , while the region B decreases with increasing h3 . It should be noted that
maximum stress decreases. Based on comprehensive
the maximum stress in region A decreases with increasing h3
considerations of strength and mass, the rear-disk thickness h2
is set to 0.080 for the improved impeller, which is same as that
when h3 is small, increases slightly when h3 ≥ 0.160 , and
of the original impeller. then increases strongly when h3 ≥ 0.267 due to the additional
centrifugal load caused by additional material. The von Mises
3.2.3 Effects of Rear-Disk Height. Stresses and equivalent stress in region A is between 0.98 and 1.12 times that
deformations for 16 impeller designs with varying h3 were of the original impeller. However, the minimum stress was
calculated and compared with the original impeller. Figure 9 obtained when h3 = 0.160 .Variations in h3 also lead to some
shows the effects of h3 on the relative maximum von Mises changes in deformations along the radial, circumferential and
axial directions. It can be seen that the maximum
stress in regions A and B. Figure 10 shows the effects of h3 on circumferential deformation increases while the axial
the relative maximum deformations along the radial,
deformation decreases with increasing h3 . The effect of h3 on
circumferential and axial directions. The results for the original
impeller are marked by hollow squares in Figs. 9 and 10. radial deformation is comparably small.
Considering the effect of increasing h3 on the maximum
1.2
relative maximum stress

region A
1.1 region B stress in region A, the rear-disk height h3 of the improved
1.0 impeller is selected to be 0.160, which is marked by hollow
0.9 triangles in Figs. 9 and 10.
0.8
0.7 3.2.4 Effects of Fillet Radius. Stresses and deformations for
0.6 9 values of r1 were calculated and compared with the original
0.5 impeller. Figure 11 shows the effects of r1 on the relative
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4
maximum von Mises stresses in regions A and B. Figure 12
rear-disk height
shows the effects of r1 on the relative maximum deformations
Fig. 9 Effects of h3 on relative maximum stresses of along the radial, circumferential and axial directions. The
impeller results for the original impeller are marked by hollow squares in
Figs. 11 and 12.

5 Copyright © 2012 by ASME

Downloaded From: http://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/ on 10/17/2013 Terms of Use: http://asme.org/terms


the relative maximum von Mises stresses in regions A and B.
1.2 Figure 14 shows the effects of r2 on the relative maximum
relative maximum stress

1.1 deformations along the radial, circumferential and axial


1.0 directions. The results for the original impeller are marked by
0.9 hollow squares in Figs. 13 and 14.
0.8
0.7 1.1
region A

relative maximum stress


0.6 region B 1.0
0.5
0.9
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6
fillet radius 0.8

0.7
Fig. 11 Effects of r1 on relative maximum stresses of region A
0.6 region B
impeller
0.5
0 0.05 0.1 0.15
3.0E-03 bore radius
relative maximum deformation

radial
Fig. 13 Effects of r2 on relative maximum stresses of
2.5E-03 circumferential
axial impeller
2.0E-03

3.0E-03
relative maximum deformation
1.5E-03
radial
2.5E-03 circumferential
1.0E-03
axial
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6
fillet radius 2.0E-03

Fig. 12 Effects of r1 on relative deformations of impeller 1.5E-03

The fillet radius r1 ranges from 0.07 to 0.53. Due to the 1.0E-03
0 0.05 0.1 0.15
effect of a larger fillet radius, the maximum stress in region B
bore radius
decreases significantly with increasing r1 . On the other hand,
variations in the maximum stress in region A are quite slight Fig. 14 Effects of r2 on relative deformations of impeller
over the entire range of r1 / R0 .The minimum stress can be
obtained when r1 = 0.267 . Variations in r1 also lead to little
The bore radius r2 is varied from 0 to 0.150. It can be
changes in deformations along the radial, circumferential and noted that r2 decreases with decreasing r2 . However, the
axial directions. It can be seen that the maximum maximum stress in region A decreases significantly with
circumferential deformation increases with increasing r1 while decreasing r2 when r2 ≤ 0.040 . The von Mises equivalent
the axial deformation decreases. The effect of r1 on radial stress in region A is 0.53 to 1.03 times that of the original
impeller. That is, the von Mises equivalent stress in region A is
deformation is relatively insignificant.
Generally speaking, the maximum stress in region A is found to be 0.53 times the original impeller when r2 = 0 (with
higher than that in region B, so the increase of r1 is no bore). The maximum stress in region A is smaller than that in
insignificant for the overall strength of impellers. The fillet region B for r2 ≤ 0.030 . It should also be noted that r2 has
radius of the improved impeller is selected to be r1 = 0.267 , little influence upon the maximum stress in region B over the
which is marked by hollow triangles in Figs. 11 and 12. entire range of r2 . Variations of r2 also lead to some changes in
deformations along the radial, circumferential and axial
3.2.5 Effects of Bore Radius. The stresses and deformations directions. It can be seen that the axial deformation decreases
of 12 impellers with varying r2 were calculated and compared obviously with increasing r2 . The effect of r2 on radial and
with the original impeller. Figure 13 shows the effects of r2 on circumferential deformation is not significant.

6 Copyright © 2012 by ASME

Downloaded From: http://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/ on 10/17/2013 Terms of Use: http://asme.org/terms


Although the maximum stress in region A decreases with
decreasing r2 , a small r2 means a slim shaft. Furthermore, it is
difficult to redesign a new shaft system to adapt to the changes
of the bore radius. The bore radius r2 of the improved
impeller is selected to be 0.120, which is same as the original
impeller that has been used for many years.

3.3 Structural Analysis of Improved Impellers


After finishing the above analysis of effects of geometric
parameters of impeller disk, the improved impeller (impeller I)
is designed using the improved parameters to reduce the stress.
The geometric parameters of the impeller I are summarized in
Tab. 2.
As discussed earlier, due to the fact that the maximum
Fig. 16 Stress distribution of improved impeller II
stress in region A is reduced by the factor 0.53 compared to the
original impeller, a solid impeller is a further promising method
Figure 15 shows that the stress distribution in the improved
to reduce stress. Therefore, a second improved impeller
impeller I is similar to that of the original impeller, with the
(impeller II) is designed on the basis of impeller I. Impeller II
same stress concentration regions, but the maximum stress level
features the same geometric parameters as impeller I except for
is reduced significantly. The calculations show encouraging
r2 . The geometric parameters of the impeller II are listed in results: the maximum von Mises equivalent stress in region A is
Tab. 2. Figures.15 and 16 show the stress distributions of the 293MPa, a decrease of 19% compared to the original impeller.
improved impellers under the same centrifugal load and the The von Mises equivalent stress in region B is 215MPa, a
same boundary conditions with the original impeller. decrease of 26%.
Tab. 2 Geometric parameters of the improved impellers Figure 16 shows that the maximum von Mises equivalent
stress in region A in the improved impeller II is 180MPa, a
decrease of 50% compared to the original impeller. The von
parameters impeller I impeller II Mises equivalent stress in region B in the improved impeller II
is higher than that in region A, with a value of 231MPa. This
0.013 0.013 represents a decrease by 21% compared to the original impeller.
h1
That is, the solid impeller greatly reduces the maximum stress.
h2 0.080 0.080 However, a new shaft system needs to be developed to match
0.160 0.160 the solid impeller.
h3 When the stress level of the impeller is in the elastic region,
r1 0.267 0.267 speed scaling of elastic results is straight forward. The
0.120 0 relationship is that the stress increases with the square of the
r2 speed. Thus, the results of the improved designs can be used to
extend the maximum speed and then obtain a higher pressure
ratio for a specific impeller. On the other hand, it can be used to
decrease the cost of an impeller by replacing titanium with
aluminum. Titanium has a higher ultimate tensile strength, but it
is much more expensive than aluminum. This matters for
designers because the cost of the turbocharger is a key factor for
commercial market.

4 CONCLUSIONS AND REMARKS


In this paper, finite element analysis has been used to
model the effects of disk geometric parameters on the strength
and deformation of a high pressure ratio centrifugal
compressor’s impeller. For the high pressure ratio centrifugal
compressors, high stress will restrict its design and application.
The geometric parameters of the impeller disk are important for
Fig. 15 Stress distribution of improved impeller I its stress and deformation. As the results of the investigation the
following findings could be established.

7 Copyright © 2012 by ASME

Downloaded From: http://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/ on 10/17/2013 Terms of Use: http://asme.org/terms


The Tip thickness h1 , the rear-disk thickness h 2 and the [3] Clenci A C, Descombes G, Podevin P, et al. Some aspects
concerning the combination of downsizing with
bore radius r2 are important parameters for both stress and turbocharging, variable compression ratio, and variable
deformation of the impeller. Relatively, the rear-disk height h3 intake valve lift. Proc. IMechE Part D: Journal of
and fillet radius r1 are not important. After finishing the above Automobile Engineering, 2007, 221 (10), pp. 1287-1294.
[4] Maiboom A, Tauzia X, Héteta J F. Experimental study of
analysis of effects of geometric parameters of impeller disk, the various effects of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) on
improved impeller is designed using the improved parameters to combustion and emissions of an automotive direct
reduce the stress. injection diesel engine. Energy, 2008, 33 (1), pp. 22-34.
The stress distribution in the improved impellers and that [5] Zheng X Q, Zhang Y J, Yang M Y, et al. Stability
of the original impeller are similar with the same stress improvement of high-pressure-ratio turbocharger
concentration regions, but the maximum stress for the improved centrifugal compressor by asymmetric flow control——
impellers could be reduced significantly. Comparing to the part II: non-axisymmetric self recirculation casing
original impeller, the maximum von Mises equivalent stress of treatment. ASME Paper No. GT2010-22582, 2010.
the improved impeller I in region A could be decreased by 19% [6] Raya G S, Sinhaa B K. Computation of centrifugal
and the maximum von Mises equivalent stress of the improved stresses in a radial-flow impeller. Comput. Struct., 1991,
impeller II in region A could be decreased by 50%. The 40, pp. 731-740.
improved impeller can bear higher pressure ratios or use [7] Subramani D A, Ramamurti V, Sridhara K, .Numerical
cheaper material with lower ultimate tensile strength. analysis and experimental verification of the radial growth
of a turbocharger centrifugal compressor impeller. J.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Strain Anal. Eng. Des., 1997, 32, pp. 119-128.
This research was supported by the National Natural [8] Bhope D V, Padole M P. Experimental and theoretical
Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51176087). analysis of stresses, noise and flow in centrifugal fan
impeller. Mech. Mach. Theory. 2004, 39, pp. 1257-1271.
REFERENCES [9] Bonaiuti D, Arnone A, Ermini M, Baldassarre L L.
[1] Zheng X Q, Huenteler J, Yang M Y, et al. Influence of the Analysis and optimization of transonic centrifugal
volute on the flow in a centrifugal compressor of a high- compressor impellers using the design of experiments
pressure ratio turbocharger. Proc. IMechE Part A: Journal technique. J. Turbomach., 2006, 128, pp. 786-797.
of Power and Energy, 2011, 224, pp. 1157-1169. [10] Valakos I M, Ntipteni M S, Nikolos I. K. Structural
[2] Ricardo M B, Apostolos P, Yang M Y. Overview of optimization of a centrifugal impeller using differential
boosting options for future downsized engine. Sci China evolution in CATIA environment. Operational Research,
Tech Sci, 2011, 54 (2), pp. 318-331. 2007, 7, pp. 185-211.

8 Copyright © 2012 by ASME

DownloadedViewFrom:
publicationhttp://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/
stats on 10/17/2013 Terms of Use: http://asme.org/terms