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RANGKUMAN BEDAH KISI-KISI

Dalam Ujian Nasional ada 3 Komponen Teks yang akan diujikan, yaitu :
1. Fungsi sosial teks
2. Struktur Teks
3. Unsur kebahasaan

Soal ujian yang menanyakan tentang Fungsi sosial teks akan berkisar tentang :
1. Mengapa/untuk apa teks ditulis
2. Tentang apa teks tersebut
3. Untuk siapa teks ditulis
4. Siapa yang menulis
5. Dimana teks itu ditemukan
6. Mengapa teks itu perlu dibaca
7. Apa untungnya kita membaca teks tersebut
8. Pesan apa yang ingin disampaikan oleh penulisnya

Setiap teks mempunyai tujuan (Purpose/aim/goal). Berikut ini model pertanyaan yang menanyakan
Tujuan (Purpose/goal/aim)
1. Why is the text written?
2. What is the purpose of the writer to write the text?
3. What is the writer’s intention to write the text?
4. What is the text written for?
5. Why does the writer write the text?
6. What does the writer want to say?
7. etc

Rangkuman tujuan (Purpose) Teks DESCRIPTIVE


Biasanya tujuan (Purpose) teks Descriptive adalah tentang :
1. To give detailed description
2. To attract people to observe/enjoy/come
3. To persuade people to protect/preserve
4. To introduce something
5. To make people love/interested
6. etc

Rangkuman tujuan (Purpose) teks PROCEDURE


Biasanya tujuan (Purpose) dari teks Procedure adalah tentang :
1. To give guidance in using certain appliance
2. To avoid a danger in operating certain appliance
3. To make easier in operating certain appliance
4. To avoid the false operation of certain appliance
5. To give guidance step by step in operating certain appliance
6. To know how the appliance works correctly
7. etc

Rangkuman tujuan (Purpose) teks NARRATIVE


Biasanya tujuan (Purpose) dari teks Narrative adalah tentang :
1. To amuse
2. To entertain
3. To teach us to have good characters ( strong, patient, honest, kind, wise etc)
4. To make us learn something from the story
5. To make known local story
6. To preserve cultural heritage
7. etc

Rangkuman tujuan (Purpose) teks RECOUNT


Biasanya tujuan (Purpose) dari teks Recount adalah tentang :
1. To share unique or unusual experience
2. To make the readers learn something
3. To retell something unforgettable
4. To give information about an incident
5. To retell to give warning
6. etc

Rangkuman tujuan (Purpose) teks REPORT (jenis report yang diprediksi keluar pada UN 2018
adalah mengenai Natural Phenomena)
Biasanya tujuan (Purpose) dari teks Report adalah tentang :
1. To make people know (what, why, when .how certain phenomenon happens)
2. To warn people the danger a certain disaster
3. To inform people how to handle certain disaster
4. To make people aware of the danger of a certain disaster
5. To remind people the effect of certain disaster
6. etc

Rangkuman tujuan (Purpose) teks REPORT (jenis report yang diprediksi keluar pada UN 2018
ANIMAL)
Biasanya tujuan (Purpose) dari teks Report mengenai Animal adalah tentang :
1. Describe its life
2. Highlight its specialty
3. Make people aware of them
4. Ask people to protect
5. Inform its reducing number
6. Talk about their threat
7. To share its uniqueness
8. etc

Setiap teks/paragraf memiliki Topik


Berikut ini adalah model pertanyaan UN yang menanyakan tentang topik
1. What is the topic of the text?
2. What is the best title of the text?
3. What is the text about?
4. What does the text talk about?
5. What is the point of the text?
6. What does the text emphasize?
7. What does the writer want to highlight?
8. etc

Setiap teks memiliki Fungsi (Function)


Berikut ini adalah model pertanyaan UN yang menanyakan tentang Fungsi (Function) sebuah teks :
1. Why must we read the text?
2. What is the message of the text?
3. What do you aware of after reading the text?
4. What do you find something useful after reading the text?
5. Why is it important for us to read the text?
6. etc

Setiap teks akan mengarah pada Target Audience (Target pembaca)


Berikut ini adalah model pertanyaan UN yang menanyakan tentang target pembaca sebuah teks :
1. Who is the text for?
2. To whom is the text directed to?
3. To whom is the text?
4. Who will read the text?
5. Who gets the benefit by reading the text?
6. Who will be interested to read the text?
7. Who will find the text is important to read?
8. etc

Setiap teks pasti ada yang membuat (Penulis)


Berikut ini adalah model pertanyaan UN yang menanyakan tentang penulis :
1. Who likely writes the text above?
2. Who probably writes the text above?
3. The text is written by….
4. etc

Setiap teks biasanya memiliki Setting tempat


Berikut ini adalah model pertanyaan UN yang menanyakan tentang setting tempat :
1. Where is the text likely found?
2. Where is the text usually attached?
3. Where is the text usually written?
4. The text is likely found in ….
5. The text can be read in…..
6. etc

Setiap teks umumnya memiliki Manfaat /pesan


Berikut Berikut ini adalah model pertanyaan UN yang menanyakan manfaat /pesan dari sebuah
teks:
1. What are you aware of after reading the text?
2. What do you find something useful after reading the text?
3. Why is it important for us to read the text?
4. What can we learn from the text?
5. From the text we know that….

Struktur Teks
MENGOLAH RINCIAN INFORMASI
1. Mengidentifikasi rincian informasi yang terdapat dalam teks tersebut
2. Menerapkan informasi pada konteks yang berbeda
3. Menganalis informasi yang diperoleh
4. Menyimpulkan berdasarkan informasi yang terdapat dalam teks
5. Menentukan sebab terjadinya rincian peristiwa
6. Menentukan akibat yang muncul terkait informasi yang terdapat dalam teks
7. Menngunakan informasi uutuk memecahkan masalah
8. etc

Unsur/bagian dari teks funsional pendek


1. Label ( direction, ingredient, precaution, production code, expired date, allergic warning)
2. Short message ( opening, content, closing)
3. Announcement ( opening, event, time, location)
4. Advertisement (name of the product, function, price, address etc)

DESCRIPTIVE
Unsur/bagian
1. Person
2. Physical appearance, Character, habit, achievement
3. Things
4. Physical feature, size (weigh, length, width), color, shape, function
5. Place
6. Location, function, attraction
7. Animal
8. Physical appearance, Character, habit, achievement

Unsur atau bagian teks Procedure


1. steps

Unsur atau bagian teks Narrative


1. Problem, solution (cause, effect)

Unsur atau bagian teks Recount


1. Event (cause, effect, proceeds)

Unsur atau bagian teks Report :


1. Physical features, diet, habitat, behavior, reproduction, life cycle, adaptation, migration,
survival ability
2. Cause, reason, process, effect,

PROCEDURE
1. Identify each steps in operating the appliance
2. Analyze the cause of each step
3. Analyze the effect of each step
4. Applying certain step indifferent situation
5. Making conclusion based on the steps in the text

NARRATIVE( fable, folktale, OR FAIRYTALE)


Identify
1. the character in the story
2. the personality of the characters
3. the problem faced by the characters
4. the way the characters solve the problem

Applying
1. Suggest a way to solve the problem
2. Decide certain action in facing the problem

Analyzing
1. The cause of the problem
2. The effect of the problem

concluding

RECOUNT
1. Identifying
2. Applying
3. Analyzing
4. Concluding

Unsur kebahasaan

Grammar
1. Passive voice
2. Modal
3. Tenses (simple present/past/continous)
4. Purpose/cause/effect
5. Conjunction
6. Preposition

Vocabulary
1. Meaning (word/phrase/sentence)

Reference

SBMPTN :
2009 : https://goo.gl/54Kn8w
2010 : https://goo.gl/PnaXp4
2011 : https://goo.gl/TaSoQL
2012 : https://goo.gl/4ZwzUu
2013 : https://goo.gl/LLuiFx
2014 : https://goo.gl/rQ3d9Y
2015 : https://goo.gl/p7FRJF
2016 : https://goo.gl/yP4SWX
2017 : https://goo.gl/ox6A4L

Hallo sahabat guru dan siswa kelas XII semuanya, nih ada latihan soal UN interaktif 2018
dan bisa langsung di mainkan via HP dan laptop. Langsung saja klik tautan di bawah ini.

1. Try out 1 UN 2018


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2. Try out 2 UN 2018
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3. Try out 3 UN 2018
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