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The sth

lnternational Gonference
on Informatinn & C*mmunication
Technology and $ystems {IGTS} 2OOS
ORGANIZING COMMITTEE
Chairman
Anny Yuniarti, S.Kom, M.Comp Sc.
Informatics Department, Faculty of Information Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of
Technology

Secretary
Radityo Anggoro, S.Kom, M.Eng.Sc

Website and Desisn


Ridho Rahman Hariadi, S.Kom
HadziqFabroyir, S.Kom

Proceeding and Registration


Chastine Fatichah, S.Kom,M.Kom.
Umi Laili Yuhana, S.Kom, M.Sc.
Dini Adni Navastara, S.Kom
Wijayanti Nurul Khotimah, S.Kom
Ratih Nur Esti Anggraini, S.Kom
Erina Letivina Anggraini, S.Kom

Tour and Promotion


Victor Hariadi, S.Si.,M.Kom
Bagus Jati Santoso, S.Kom
Arya Yudhi Wijaya, S.Kom

Seminar Kit and Accommodation


Bilqis Amaliah, S.Kom.M.Kom
Nurul Fajrin Ariyani, S.Kom

Contact Address
Informatics Department, Faculty of Information Technolo gy,
Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology Surabaya
Gedung Teknik Informatika ITS,
Jl. Raya ITS Keputih Sukolilo Surabaya Indonesia
Tel. + 62-3t-5939214
Fax. +62-31-5913804
Homepage: http://icts.if.its.ac.id

ISSN 2085-1944
V1

CI4 CoLLISIoN AVoIDANCE SYSTEM FoR CRowD SIIVIULATIoN


Noralizatul Azma Mustapha......... 81-86
CI5 CONSISTENCY VERIFICATION OF BIDIRECTIONAL MODEL TO MODEL
TRANSFORMATION
Lusiana... 87-94
CI6 CREDIT RISK CLASSIFICATION USING KERNEL LOGISTIC REGRESSION-
LEAST SQUARE SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE
S. P. Rahayu 95-98
CI7 CROSS ENTROPY Mf,THOD FOR MULTICLASS SUPPORT VECTOR
MACHINE
Budi Santosa 99-106
C18 DATA MINING APPLICATION FOR ANALYZING PATIENT TRACK RECORD
USING DECTSION TREE INDUCTION APPROACH
Oviliani Yenty Yu1iana............... t07-112
CI9 DESIGN OF MONITORING SYSTEM FOR OXIDATION DITCH BASED ON
FUZZY ASSISTED MULTIVARIATE STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL
Katherin Indriawati.. 113-120
CzO DEvELoPMENT PROCESS oF A DRIyING SIMULAToR
Mohd Khalid Mokhtar...... 121-126
C2I DYNAMIC CLOTH INTERACTION INCLUDING FAST SELF-COLLISION
DETECTION
Nur Saadah Mohd Shapri 127-134
C22 ELECTRoNIC NoSE FoR DETECTING oF UNPURE.GASoLINE
Fatchul Arifin ...... 135-,140
C23 ELMAN NEURAL NETWORK WITH ACCELERATED LMA TRAINING FOR
EASTJAVA-BALI ELECTRICAL LOAD TIME SERIES DATA FORECASTING
F. Pasila... 141-148
C24 ENHANCED CoNFIx STRIPPING STEMMER AND ANTS ALGoRITHM
Agus Zainal Arifin... 149-1s8
C25 FILTERING PORNOGRAPHIC WEBPAGE MATCHING USING TEXT AND
SKIN COLORDETECTION
Yusron Rijal .......... 159-166
C26 FAZZY LOGIC CONTROL SYSTEM FORDEVELOPING EXPERT SEA
TRANSPORTATION
Aulia Siti Aisjah Arifin ........ 167-178
C27 GENETIC ALGORITHM BASED FEATURE SELECTION AND UNBIASED
PROTOCOL FOR CLASSIFICATION OF BREAST CANCER DATASETS
ZurainiAli ShahArifin........ .......i.. 179-184
C28 GRID APPROACH F'OR X-RAY IMAGE CLASSIFICATION
Benalya...... I 85-l 90
C29 HAND MOTION DETECTION AS INPUT ON FIGHTER GAMES
Chastine F............ 191-196
C3O ILLUMINATION TECHNIQUES IN AUGMENTED REALITY FOR CULTURAL
HNRITAGE
ZakiahNoh... 197-202
C3I IMPLEMENTATION OF AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR AUTOMATIC
INDONESIAN MUSICAL GENRE CLASSIFICATION
Byatriasa Pakarti Linuwih... 203-210
C32 IMPLEMENTATION OF SPATIALFAZZY CLUSTERING IN DETECTING LIP
ON COLOR IMAGES
Agus Zainal Arifin 211-216

ISSN 2085-1944
ELECTRONIC NOSE F'OR DETECTING
OF, PURE-GASOLINE
r,
Fatchul Arifin Slamet 2
, Sri Hastuti
3
r'2'3
Electronic r**f*:, yogyakarra State
3
KTpr.r T3iy:*r;;".;;g,
IINY Karangmalang i o gyZLura
University
chemical Department, Filr,;i'N4;;;,#1f't'fr:":.r*,"&1"ru, Maret Universiry
Jl. Ir Sutami, Surakarta
fatchu I@uny.ac. r,
id hastuti_uns@yahoo.co.id 3

ABSTRACT behavior in our society that mixes gasoline


with
Gasoline is the main fuel for all almost another material. Of course it wili contaminate
vehicles. The pure gasoline is impotant gasoline and destroy the machine. For
,o-t""p a long time
vehicle operating. Unfortunately it.r. (until now) test of pure gasoline has been
ir'u
behavior in our society that mixes g"r"iilJ
Uua cJnduct
only at laboratory, because it is not a simple
another material. Of course lt witi
*tf, procedure and the cost is so expensive.
contaminate The samples
g1-9llne and desrroy rhe machine. For a longtime are collected from everywhere, and then it is
(unhl now) test of pure gasoline has brought to the laboratory. This method
been cJnduct is not
only laboratory, because it is not a simple efficient.
I
procedure and the cost is so expensive.
The samples ]h3 imnure gasoline will harm our society.
ae collected from everywhire, and tfren is lt The vehicle will damage quickly. On the
ottrer trana
bryugt, to the laboratory. This method rr wllt mcrease emission of CO, finally it will
is not destroy the environment.
efficient. The device that ian detect pure gasofine
quick and efficient is needed. On this paper will be proposed .Electronic
-
Nose',
this paper, will be proposed Electronic an electronic device that Las U"tuuio, fit.
-In
Nosethat can distinguist pu.e gusotin" human nose, for smelling impure gurrotir..-f*o
n*-irnp*. -are
gassoline. This device will sense
garotine, ttr"n
main. component of Elictronose arrav
-' of
gives ouput about its status, wheth"i chemical sensor and artificial n.*ul ,.t*o.k.
pu." o. not.
Electronic Noses are electronic a"ui.ilfrui'trr"
Silitylikes human nose. These device is tfically
rray of sensors used to characterize .o_pf.i MODEL, ANALYSIS, DESIGN,
samples. Arrays of sensor in these device AND IMPLEMENTATION
i.
of4 gas sensors. The data generated by each "ouy,
r"nro. The two main components of an electronic
i:^l_T:"rr"d neural network algorithm.
.ly.is u.chosen,
Ferceptron modei nose are the sensing system and the
b";;;r;';t r"ijr'"nry pattern recognition system.
automated
two condition output, pure and impure ju*fi"".
The sensing system can be an array of
lI" l..*ul network algorithm *u, *, uiine pC.
Asembty (microcontroller software), several different sensing elements (e.g.,
Matlab] ana chemical
Visual Basic Language programming sensors), where each element *rur*"i
were used in a different
system. property of the sensed chemical, or it
can be a
From the experiments can be concluded single sensing device (e.g., spectromeier)
that tfrat
system has been work properly produces an array of measurements
with 90o/o for' each
;y.Hope that the system can give solution chemical, or a combination of both. Each
to chemical
gasoline purity problem in our society. vapor that attached to the sensor array produces
a
lig1lture or pattern characteristic of tfr"'rufo.. ey
: Electronic Nose, Neural Network, feeding many different chemicals to the's"nsor
Array Sensor. aray, we can built a database of signatures.
This
database of labeled signatures is useicl
to train the
pattern recognition system. The goal
of this training
process is to configure the recognition
INTRODUCTION system to
produce unique classifications of each
chemical so
Gasoline is the main fuel for all almost
an automated identification can be implemented.
is.important t" k;; ., th: quantity and complexity oithe data, that
icle ^lf--ryt Unfortunately
]!, operating. .gasoline
ihere i, ,;;l collected by sensors anay, ian.rt"
.onr"riio.rut

135
ISSN 208s-1944
136 The 5th lnternationat Conference on lnformation & Communication Technology and Systems

chemical analysis of data in an automated fashion with precious metals is deposited- fi" 1tq
difficult. One approach to chemical vapor oxide is an n-type semiconductor and

identification is to build an array of sensors, where when oxygen adsorbs on the surface, one

each sensor in the array is designed to respond to a of the negatively charged oxygen species
specific chemical. With this approach, the number is generated depending on the temperature.
of unique sensors must be at least equal to the This result in the surface potential
number of chemicals that will be monitored. It is becoming increasingly negative and the
expensive and difficult to build a highly selective electron donors within the material become
chemical sensor. positively charged. When an oxidizable
material comes into contact with the sensor
surfaces the adsorbed oxygen is consumed
2.1 Development Of Sensor in the resulting a chemical reaction. This
A chemical sensor is a device which give reduces the surface potential and increases
responds to a particular analyze in a selective way, the conductivity of the film' Several recent
that means of a reversible chemical interaction and developments with tin oxide detectors have
can be used for the quantitative or qualitative led to further advantages over the Taguchi
determination of the analyses. All sensors are sensor, which generally requires high
composed of two main regions: the frst is where power consumption and high temperatures.
the selective chemistry occurs and the second is the These include the fabrication of thin-film
transducer. The transducer allows the conversion of tin (II) oxide anays using Planar
energy from one form to another. The chemical microelectronic technology leading to
reaction produces a signal such as a color change, reduced size and lower power use, the
fluorescence, production of heat or a change in the production of thin-filrn sensors by
oscillator frequency of a crystal (Cattrall, 1997). chemical vapor deposition and the use of
Several categories of transducers are screen printing to make thick-film sensors.
available and these include: 2. Conducting polymer sensors: Many other
L Electrochemical, such as ion-selective materials are conducting (or
electrodes (ISE), ion-selective field effect semiconducting) and show a variation in
transistors (FET), solid electrolyte gas conductivity. Conducting polymers are
sensors and semiconductor based gas very popular in the development of gas and
sensors. liquid-phase sensors with poly pyrrole and
2. Piezoelectric, e.g. surface acoustic wave poly aniline being the favored choices.
(SAW) sensors. Piezoelectric materials are Materials used to make conducting
sensitive to changes in mass, density or polymers tend to have some cornmon
viscosity and, therefore, frequency can be features, including the ability to form them
used as a sensitive transduction parameter through either chemical or electrochemical
(Hall, 1990). Quartz is the most widely polymerization and the ability to change
used piezoelectric material because it can
their conductivity through oxidation or
act as a mass-to-frequency transduc'er. reduction. Conducting polymers are being
3. Optical, such as optical fibers, as well as
widely used as odor-sensing devices, for
the more haditional absorbance, several major reasons ,there are :
reflectance, luminescence and
Surface a. the sensors disPlaY raPid
Plasmon Resonance (SPR) techniques. adsorption and desorPtion
4. Thermal systems, in which the heat of a
Phenomena at room temPerature;
chemical reaction involving the analyze is b. power consumPtion is low;
monitored with a transducer such as a c. specificity can be achieved bY
thermistor. modifYing the structure of the
For special purpose, Electronic nose, the following polymer;
sensors have been developed: d. they are not easily inactivated by
l. Catalytic or tin oxide sensor: A contaminants;
commercially available Taguchi Gas e. they ate very sensitive to
Sensor (TGS) can be and widely used as humidity.
the core-sensing element in array based 3. Acoustic wave sensors: AT-cut quartz
odor detectors. This consists of an crystals (+35-l5p orientation of the plate
electrically heated ceramic pellet upon with respect to the crystal plane) are
which a thin film of tin (II) oxide doped favored as piezoelectric sensors because of

rssN 2085-1944
C22 -Electronic Nose For Detecting of pure-Gasoline - Fatchur Arifin 137

their excellent temperature coefficients. 2. Interneuron strengths known


The type of acoustic wave generated in as
synaptic weights are used to store the
piezoelectric materials is deiermined by
knowledge.
the crystal cut; thickness of the material
The relationship between the brain and the
used and by the geometry and artificial neural network can be described as figure
of the metal electrodes
configuration I and2 below.
employed to produce the electric field
(Thompson & Stone, 1997).
Soma
4. MOSFET rechnology: In the 1970s, .aft-..- - exon --' P{aPtic
Tenninals
-
improvements in semiconductor Dendrit6('/)
technology led
to the development of a
FET. This is a very high impedance
transistor and the most sensitive Figure l. Basic Human neuron
measurements of small potentials requiring
very low current flows are made using thii
technology. In the FET, current flows
along a semiconductor path called the
channel, from one end that is called a
U(t)
source electrode. At the opposite end is the w(2t
drain electrode. The effective electrical w(n
diameter of the channel can be varied by
b
application ofa voltage to a control or gate Bi.s

electrode. The conductivity of the FET


depends on the electrical diameter of the Figure 2. Basic processing unit of
channel. A small change in gate voltage Artificial Neural Network
leads to a large variation in current from
the source to the drain. This allows the
signal to be amplified. For the MOSFET,
the thermal oxidation process used to form
the silicon dioxide layer on the silicon P.

surface of the device also forms a double


layer, which can induce a conducting
o:
channel in the silicon substrate. In the
MOSFET, the conducting channel is
insulated from the gate terminal by a layer
ofoxide. Thus, there is no conduction even
if a reverse voltage is applied to the gate.
FET sensors can be operated both with and . iJ =fr (L*i: F (Lll!.!fi(ftV,Jp+br)+br).br)

without a reference electrode.


Figure 3. Multilayer Neural Network

2.2 Pattern Recognition System


Can be seen that the neural network neuron
In this research, pattern recognition will be is very similar to the biological neuron of the brain.
-
done using an artificial neural nettiork. Artificial These neurons are usually grouped in layers, and
neural network, like human brain, it is composed of the layers are grouped into networks
billions of neurons and organizes them to perform When an Artificial neural networks (ANNs)
certain functions. It learns through experience. is combined with a sensor ar:ray, the number of
This system has a natural plopensity for detectable chemicals is generally greater than the
storing experiential knowledge and -making it number of sensors. Also, less selective sensors
available for later use. It .ere.bles the brain in two which are generally less expensive can be used with
rEspects: thisapproach. Once the ANN is hained for
1. Knowledge is acquired by the network chemical vapor recognition, operation consists of
through a process called learning. propagating the sensor data through the network.
Since this is simply a series of vector-matrix
multiplications, unknown chemicals can be rapidly
identified in the field.

rssN 2085-1944
138
The 5th rnternationat conference
on rnformation & communication
Technotogy and systems

Figure 5, Chromatography
2.3 Analyze Contents Of Gasoline,
analyzingofoil ofdiesel Engine

Of Diesel Engine a"A X".o.",r"


Oil

Recently, bad behavior -ljft*}T",-.,."'


gasoline was done bv of making impure #*..1r i[ffi,F.it#"Iif_#
r6i$- ib@Ehldllei|Jl@FhhGrr4d

:;iI4H
__

:i:::
englne. Therefore it is
;,1"1ff fl ,:,,1,1,n*Ti,#o,:ll1
important to know from
contents of the impure gassoline what
is made.
ln rhrs research, Gasoline,
oil of
engine, and diesel
keros, are anatvzed bv
"r,io.nutogii;,y #i;Xl"
$
(
ff

ti i
lt -, i
i ,';d:r'ol.-J
- ,;. ----

l
I

i
i .i I
Figure 6, Chromatogaphy
analyzing ofkerosene
--l

2.4 Implementation

Figure 4, Chromatography The basic schematic of


analyzing of gasoline an electronic nose for
detecting impure gasoline
c@Me&dGsHw.qed can be viewed as follow:
{B-,-,.**.*,

ffi$0
Sensing

Figure 7. Schematic of
an electronic Nose

The Sensors i
gasoline.

::nro..
r""r, J',1r,T:::r;?lJ
"i..i.ffi
array will producej u ,ignutu."
o.-"oun"rn
fj
characteristic of the vapor. Anay sensors used
this^research are TGS in
)aza,ids ro, iioi'
2442. Ail of them are
Fjgaro c*-;;;."#.
presenting many difflerent "r"*o,
array, a database
ch'emicJls ro",fr" ""
of signature, ir-irjii."'rui,
{at{a1e of labeled signatures is used to train the
Artifi cial Neural Netwirk
rr,. g""i"i tirjr'#inirg
process is to configure
the recigni,i"r'ry.rrr" ,"

rssN 2085_1944
C22 - Electronic Nose For Detecting Of Pure-Gasoline - Fatchul Arifin

produce unique classifications of pure gasoline or Graph of training process, until reach error
impure gasoline. . smaller than 0,1 can be viewed in Figure 1 l.
In this research, An Electronic Nose are
implemented to the PC. Output of the sensor array
could not send to the PC directly, it is need an
interfacing system.
The Model of artificial neural network in this
system is multilayer feed forward. System has 3 Iffi,,'f;l ffi##'
layer, they are input layer (32 input), hidden layer
( 10neuron), and output layer ( I neuron).

3 TESTING AND RESULT Figure 9. Design of Artificial Neural Network

Firstly the system must be trained. By


presenting many different chemicals to the sensor From the figure can be seen that until 98
array, a database of signatures is build. This epochs, system could reach the goal (maximum
database of labeled signatures is used to train the error is 0,1).The next step, Electronic nose system
Artificial Neural Network. The goal of this training was tested by giving variation of inputs to the
process is to configure the recogtition system to system. According to the testing result, it can be
produce unique classifications of pure gasoline or concluded that system was running well. Validity of
impure gasoline. the system reach 98.2oh.

Figure.S Interfacing PC ofthe electronic Nose

:=: '

Figure I 0, Electronic circuit ofElectronic Nose Interfacing to the PC

rssN 2085-1944
140 The 5th lntemational Conference on lnformation & Communication Technotogy and Systems

Multidimensional Maps," IEEE Transactions


on Neural Networks, vol. 3, 698 -713.
l2l Gardner J.W,. Hines E.L, and Wilkinson M.,
(1990). Application of Artificial Neural
Networks to an Electronic Olfactory System.
Measurement Science and Technology, vol. l,
t3l Keller, R.T. Kouzes, and. Kangas L.J, (1994),
"Three Neurql Network Based Sensor Systems
forEnvironmental Monitoring," IEEE Electro
94 Conference Proceedings, Boston, MA,
pp.377-382.
141 Moriizumi T,. Nakamoto T, and. Sakuraba Y,
' Figure I l. Training process (1992), "Pattern Recognition in Electronic
Noses by Artificial Neural Network Models," S
ensors and Sensory Systems for an Electronic
Nose.Kluweer Academic Publishers, J.W.
4 CONCLUSION Gardner and PN. Bartlett (ed.s), Amsterdam,
The Netherlands, pp. 217-236.
According to the testing result, It can be tsl Pisanelli A.M, Qutob A.A.,. Travers P,. Szysko
concluded that: S and Persaud K.C., (1994) "Applications of
l. Electronic Nose is consisted of gas sensor Multi Array Polymer Sensors to Food
Industries," Life Chemistry Reports, vol. ll,
array. Intelligent nerve of the system was
pp.303-308,
implemented by artificial neural network
algorithm. t6l Pope K, (1995) "Technology Improves on the
2. Electronic Nose has knowledge, so it could Nose As Science Tries to Imitate Smell," Wall
Street Joumal, pp. Bl-2,.
classify variation of vapor/gas correctly.
3. Validity of the system reaches 98.2%. 17l Roger Jang, T.S. (1999), Neuro Fuzzy And
Soft Computing
t8l Shurmur H.V. (1990). "The fifth sense: on the
REFERENCES scent of the electronic nose," IEE Review, pp.
95-58,
[] Carpenter G.A.,. Grossberg S,. Markuzon N,.
Reynolds J.H, and. Rosen D.B, "Fuzzy
ARTMAP: A Neurql Network Architecturefor
Incremental Supervised Learning of Analog

tssN 1858-1633 @2008 |CTS