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problem statement

The superstr. Of a 2-span bridge weighs 533K. And is supported on a total of 12 seismic isolators at
abutment and piers. The bridge is located on a rock site where Sd1 = .55. analyze the bridge for e
situation described below. Neglect the flexibility if the center pier, i.e., assume a stiff substructure.

(a) if Qd = 0.075W and Kd= 13.0K/in. for the equivalent system isolator(sum of 12 individual isolators),

calculate the total base shear( sum of all isolator shears) and superstructure displ. In the longitudinal

direction.

(b) calculate Qd such that the displ. Of the superstr. In the longitudinal direction doesn't exceed 5in. (Kd=

© calculate Qd and Kd such that the displ. In the longitudinal direction does not exceed 6in. And the

total base shear does not exceed 110k.

Use simplified method and assume the isolators have the negligible yield displacements (Dy=0).

SOLUTION: Yield Displs. Dy 0 in. Sd1

Weight of Superstructure, m 533 K acc. Due to gravity, 32.174

A. Find Bridge. Response for Qd=0.075W & Kd=13.0K/in.

Step Parameter TRIAL 1 TRIAL 2 TRIAL 3 TRIAL 4

characteristic strength, Qd 0.075 0.075 0.075 0.075 W

Post Yield stiffness, Kd 13 13 13 13 K/in.

1. Assumed Displacement, D 5 5.6 6 5.98 in.

2. Effective Stiffness, Keff 21.00 20.14 19.66 19.68

3. Effective Period, Teff 1.61 1.65 1.66 1.66

4. Viscous damping ratio, ϐ 0.24 0.23 0.22 0.22

5. Damping factor, B 1.61 1.57 1.55 1.55

6. Displacement, D (eqn.) 5.52 5.76 5.91 5.90

7. Compare Displs.

8. Total Base Shear, F 115.86 115.94 116.12 116.11

Base shear/ weight 22% 22%

B. Find Qd for D<5.0 in. & Kd=13.0K/in.


Step Parameter TRIAL 1 TRIAL 2 TRIAL 3 TRIAL 4

characteristic strength, Qd 0.075 0.09 0.12 0.1 W

Post Yield stiffness, Kd 13 13 13 13 K/in.

1. Assumed Displacement, D 5 5 5 5 in.

2. Effective Stiffness, Keff 21.00 22.59 25.79 23.66

3. Effective Period, Teff 1.61 1.55 1.45 1.52

4. Viscous damping ratio, ϐ 0.24 0.27 0.32 0.29

5. Damping factor, B 1.61 1.66 1.74 1.69

6. Displacement, D (eqn.) 5.52 5.15 4.60 4.94

7. Compare Displs.

8. Total Base Shear, F 115.86 116.33 118.63 116.94

Base shear/ weight 22%

C. Find Qd and Kd for D<6.0 in. & F<110K Force, F = 110

Step Parameter TRIAL 1 TRIAL 2 TRIAL 3 TRIAL 4

characteristic strength, Qd 0.05 0.075 0.075 0.08 W

Post Yield stiffness, Kd 13 13 13 13 K/in.

1. Assumed Displacement, D 6 6 6 6 in.

2. Effective Stiffness, Keff 21.00 22.59 25.79 23.66

3. Effective Period, Teff 1.61 1.55 1.45 1.52

4. Viscous damping ratio, ϐ 0.24 0.27 0.32 0.29

5. Damping factor, B 1.61 1.66 1.74 1.69

6. Displacement, D (eqn.) 5.52 5.15 4.60 4.94

7. Compare Displs.

8. Total Base Shear, F 115.86 116.33 118.63 116.94

Base shear/ weight 22%


12 seismic isolators at the
analyze the bridge for each
me a stiff substructure.

2 individual isolators),

In the longitudinal

oesn't exceed 5in. (Kd= 13.K/in.)

exceed 6in. And the

ments (Dy=0).

0.55

Ft./s²
K