Anda di halaman 1dari 23

SOCIAL STUDIES

School Based Assessment

Title of Study: Single Parent


Name of Candidate: Whitney Ellington
Teacher Name: Mrs Campbell
Name of School: Claude McKay High
Center Number: 100021
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
Introduction…………………………………………………………....1
Acknowledgement……………………………………………………2
Statement of Problem…………………………………………......3
Reason for selecting Area of Research………………………4
Method of Investigation…………………………………………...5
Instrument used to collect Data………………………………..6-9
Procedures used to collect Data……………………………….10
Presentation of Data……………………………………………….. 11-15
Analysis and Interpretation of Data…………………………. 16
Findings…………………………………………………………………….17
Recommendations………………………………………………………..18
Bibliography…………………………………………………………………..19
Introduction
The researcher has been a resident of McNie for the past sixteen (16) years.
During this time I have noticed the average number of singled parents in the area.
Single parents face difficulties in employment and how they may support their
family.
The researcher have further discovered that the parents rarely get to spend
sufficient time with their children and sending them to school regularly and also
to support them with school work.
The researcher has therefore decided to conduct a research to investigate
fellow single parents regardless of their challenges.
Acknowledgement
The researcher wishes to thank all family members for understanding and
cooperating with the release from chores.
Secondly, the researcher wishes to thank residents of McNie for responding and
also took time to answer questionnaires
Finally, the researcher would like to pass out a special thanks to the subject
teacher who guided her in every step until at the conclusion of the SBA.
Statement of Problem
What are the problems encountered by single parents in my community
and what can be done to resolve this?

The study seeks to find out:


- If single parents is a widespread
- The cause of single parent
- The problems single parents face
- What can be done to lessen/ solve these problems
Reasons for selecting Area of Research

The researcher has chosen this topic because, she has been living in the
community for the past sixteen (16) years. She has notice that there are a number
of single parent families in the area and having to submit an SBA in partial
fulfilment of Social Studies course. She has decided to do an investigation on the
challenges face by single parents in the community.
Method of Investigation

In order to collect data for this survey, printed questionnaires were used. This
data collection tool was used because:
1. It requires little time to be complete.
2. It can be done at the convenience of the person required to have it
completed.
3. It guaranteed confidentiality since respondents are not required to attach
their names to the questionnaire.
Inform Consent

Dear Resident,
This is a researcher being carried out in McNie to evaluate the
number of single parent families in the community. This study is
being instructed as an assignment for a Social Studies course I am
researching at present.
You are required to answers the following questions honestly.
Since you don’t have to attach your names, no one will know who
answered in any way. Most of the questions are required by a tick.

Thank you
Yours truly,
Whitney Ellington.
Questionnaire

1. What is your sex?


Male [ ]
Female [ ]

2. In what age group do you fall?


Under 18 yrs. [ ] 30- 35 yrs. [ ]
24-29 yrs. [ ] Over 35 yrs. [ ]

3. What is your occupation? ________________

4. How many children do you have?


1-3 [ ]
4-6 [ ]
Over 6 [ ]
5. What caused you to become a single parent?
Divorce [ ] Migration [ ]
Separation [ ] Death [ ]

6. How do you support your family?


Employed [ ] Family support [ ] other parent [ ]
Self- employed [ ] Friends [ ]
7a. Do you get any financial help from the other parent?
Yes [ ]
No [ ]
b. If yes, how frequently do you get support?
The end of the week [ ]
The end of every two weeks [ ]
the end of every month [ ]
8. For how long have you been a single parent?
1-3 yrs. [ ]
4-6 yrs. [ ]
Over 6 yrs. [ ]
9. How much time do you spend with your child/children per day?
Under 1 hour [ ]
1-3 hours [ ]
4-6 hours [ ]
10. How regular do/does your child/children attend school?
Very regular [ ]
Regular [ ]
Soldemly [ ]
Rarely [ ]
11. What is your child’s academic performance like?
Above average [ ]
Average [ ]
Below average [ ]
Poor [ ]
12a. Do you support your child/children with school work?
Yes [ ]
No [ ]
Sometimes [ ]
b. If no, why? ________________________________________

13a. Is your child/children adequately supplied with school materials and


equipment?
Yes [ ]
No [ ]
b. If no, why not? ______________________________________

14a. Do you think the single parent environment is ideal for growing up children?
Yes [ ]
No [ ]
b. Why? ________________________________________________

15. What do you think could be done to assist single parents with the challenges
they face? _____________________________________________________

16. What advice would you give to fellow single parents?


__________________________________________________________________
Procedures used to collect Data
McNie District has an estimate of about 55 households. It was calculated that a
sample of 30% was enough in order to ensure direct conclusions on the problems
encountered by single parents.
At a total of 20 questionnaires were distributed to the residents. The researcher
decided to choose the households by a process of selecting residents by starting
with the first house on the street, skip one house, take the next until the required
amount is achieved.
The twenty households that were selected were then supplied with
questionnaires. These households were choose in this manner to which are single
parents.
Presentation of Data

Fig 1: Pie chart showing what causes respondents to become single

Parents.

Cause of Single Parents

30%
40%

20%
10%

Separation Death Migration Divorce

Field name: 2017

The pie chart shows that the majority (40%) stated that Divorce is the main
reason why they became single parents while (30%) claim that Separation is
another reason. (20%) stated that Death and (10%) stated that Migration is
another reason.
Fig 2: Bar graph showing how residents support their family.

How residents support their family


Other parent Friends Family Support Self Employed Employed

40
% of Respondents

30

10
25
20 35
20

10
10
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40

Field name: 2017


The graph show that (35%) support their family through Family support, (25%) get
from Friends and (20%) through Self-employment. (10%) are employed and
another (10%) receive from the other parent.
Fig 3: Bar graph showing if children are adequately supplied with school
materials and equipment.

If children are supplied with school materials

60

50
% of Respondents

40 No
Yes

30

20

0 10 20 30 40 50 60

Field name: 2017

The bar graph states that (55%) of the respondents do not supply child/children
their children with school materials while (45%) make sure their child/children are
adequately supplied with school materials.
Pie chart Fig 4: showing it singled parents aids their child\children
with school work.

IF SINGLE PARENTS AIDS CHILDREN WITH SCHOOL


WORK
,0
Sometimes, 20%

No, 50%

Yes, 30%

Field name: 2017

The pie chart above shows that the majority (50%) of the respondents do not help
their children with school work, the minority (20%) sometimes assist children with
school work and (30%) do support their children with school work.
Fig 5. Table showing what residents think could be done to assist single parents
with their challenges.

Options Percentages
Take care of yourself 10%
Follow a routine 20%
Take out quality family time 20%
Be financially stable 30%
Don’t feel guilty 20%
Analysis and Interpretation of Data

The researcher can now conclude that the majority of respondents (40%) became
single parents through Divorce, while Separation (30%) is another reason, Death
(20%) and Migration (10%).
Majority of the respondents (35%) supports their family through Family
support, while (25%) get help from friends. (20%) of respondents support their
family being self-employed, (10%) through employment and (10%) from the other
parent of the child\children. This however, leads to how adequately children are
supplied with school materials which was indicated by majority of respondents
(55%) that they do not provide their child\children with school materials while
(45%) states that they do supply their child\children with school materials.
It was agreed by (50%) of respondents that they receive financial help from
the other parent while the other (50%) do not. According to (45%)of respondents,
they spend 3-4 hours with their children per day, while (40%) spend 1-2 hours
with their children per day and (15%) spend time with their children under 1 hour.
(20%) of the respondents’ children attend school very regular, (30%) attend
school regular, (25%) attend school seldomly and (25%) attend school rarely.
Fifty-percent of the respondents do not help their children with school work,
the minority (20%) sometimes assists children with school work and(30%) does
not supports their child/children with school work. Nevertheless, single parents
share their advices on how to help other fellow single parents with their
problems.
Findings
The following are findings of this research:
1. Divorce and Separation was the main reason for persons who became singled
parents shown by (70%) of the respondents. See fig. 1
2. Majority of the parents’ children are not supplied with school materials as
indicated by (55%) of the respondents. See fig. 3
3. Majority of respondents (60%) get support at the end of two weeks.
Recommendations

In order to successful single parents both parent and children all have their role to
play to ensure there is a well-structured family.
One of the most important recommendations is how the one parent will support
and maintain the family in which majority of them receive support from family.
Whereas, the other parent should be more involved in how their child\children is
taken care of. For this to work, the other parent should ensure he/she still play
his/her parental role in the child/children’s life.
The single parent can further make sure their child/children are supplied with
school necessities. Seeking children’s court could help the other parent to make
sure children are receiving what they need. Their constant involvement will
ensure that the other parent play’s his/her role in the child/children’s life.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Sources: Kellits Branch Library
Social Studies Textbook
Claude McKay High School
Social Studies
School Based Assessment

Name of Candidate: Whitney Ellington


Year of Exam: 2018
Name of Teacher: Mrs. Campbell
Territory: Jamaica
Components of Profile Marks Comments
SBA
Statement of (2)
Problem
Reason for (2)
selecting Area of
Research
Method of (2)
Investigation
Data Collection (4)
Instrument
Procedures used (2)
to collect Data
Presentation of (6)
Data
Analysis and (8)
Interpretation of
Data
Statement of (3)
Findings
Recommendations (3)
& Implementation
Writing Skills (4)
Overall (4)
Presentation