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UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL MALAYSIA MELAKA

ELECTRONIC AND MICROPROCESSOR FUNDAMENTALS

DENG2223

LAB REPORT 1

MULTIMETER APPLICATIONS

2DMC ½

DR. ZUL ATFYI BIN MOHAMMED NAPIAH

NAME : MUHAMMAD FARIS SYAHMI BIN MOHAMAD NAHAR

MATRIC NO : D041610017
EXPERIMENT 1 : Multimeter Application

Objective

1. Recognize the part of multimeter and how to get the reading from the multimeter panel.

2. Use the analog multimeter to measure the resistance, voltage and current.

List of Equipment and Component

1. Analog Multimeter

2. Breadboard

3. Resistors

4. AC/DC power supply

5. Jumper wire

6. Hand tools

Theory

Multimeters are instruments to measure several different things, including electrical


conductivity, electrical current, and electrical voltage. A multimeter has many different
settings. What the multimeter does is this: it has a battery inside that is connected to the
probes. When touching the probes to an object, electricity flows from the battery through the
object. If a lot of electricity flows, that means the object has very little electrical resistance,
while if hardly any electricity flows, that means the object has very high electrical resistance.
The multimeter measures the electrical current flow, and uses this to calculate the resistance
of the object in units called “Ohms”.To measure resistance, turn the settings selector on the
multimeter. First, check the calibration of your multimeter. With the probes not touching
each other, the reading should be “infinite resistance”, meaning no electricity is flowing.
When touch the probes together, the multimeter should read zero resistance, meaning that the
current is flowing through the probes as quickly and easily as possible.
Introduction

Analog multimeter is simple, inexpensive and easy to use. It is analog device and performs
ammeter, ohmmeter and voltmeter function. The meter uses a d’Arsonval movement (a
moving coil inside a magnetic field), which draw current from the circuit under test.

Precaution when using the analog multimeter.

i) Select panel properly before make any measurement.

ii) Set panel selection to high value if you unknown the measure value.

iii) Never place the ammeter in parallel with a circuit component and fuse will blow.

iv) When measure voltage place panel to voltmeter.

v) Never use the ohmmeter in alive circuit or supply.


Procedures and Results

Part A : Resistor Measurement

1. The resistors color code have been read. The value of resistor recorded.

2. The values of resistors were calculated and the table was filled in as shown below.

Color of the resistor color Resistor Range of resistor Measured Is your resistor
band value(Ω) value value within the tolerance
limit?
(Ω)
Band Band Band Band Max (Yes or No)
Min
1 2 3 4 value(Ω)
value(Ω)

1 Brown Black Red Gold 1000 1050 950 1000 Yes

2 Brown Green Red Gold 1500 1575 1425 1500 Yes

3 Red Violet Red Gold 2700 2835 2565 2700 Yes

4 Green Blue Red Gold 5600 5880 5320 5600 Yes

Table 1

3. By using analog multimeter, the resistors were measured and the value recorded. The
mode selector is turned to ohmmeter.

4. Table 1 completed and the question answered.

i) If a measure resistor value is out of the tolerance, is it a good resistor?

- It is not a good resistor.


Part B: Measure voltage and current in circuit.

1. The circuit constructed as shown in figure 1.

Figure 1

2. The DC voltage was set at 5V. The multimeter was set at DCV range

3. The voltage power supply and voltage drop measured at each resistor and the reading
recorded.

4. The DC voltage set at 10V, the instruction above were followed once again (no. 3).

5. Circuit constructed as shown in Figure 2. The DC input voltage was set to 5V. The
current in Figure 2 measured. The reading recorded.

Figure 2
6. The input voltage increased to 10V.The reading recorded in Table 2 and the questions
answered.

i) What type of connection in circuit showed in Figure 1 and 2? Give your


reason.

- Seriess connection, the current at every resistor and source remains the
same., but for voltage it is different at every resistor.

Input Voltage V1 (V) V2 (V) A1 (mA) A2 (mA)

5V 2.2 3.2 2 2

10V 4.2 6 4 4

Table 2

7. The circuit constructed as shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3

8. The input voltage was set, first to 5V and the voltage across each resistor R1 and R2
recorded. Record the reading in the Table 3 below.

9. The input voltage increased to 10V and the voltage across each resistor R1 and R2
measured. The multimeter reading recorded.

10. The circuit constructed as shown in Figure 4. The input voltage was set to 5V. The
current is measured as shown in Figure 4. The reading obtained recorded.
Figure 4

11. Once again, the input voltage increased to 10V. The current for all the location
measured as shown in Figure 4. All the reading obtained recorded in the Table 3
below and the questions were answered.

i) What type of connection in circuit showed in Figure 3 and 4? Give your


reason.

- Parallel connection, because the voltage at every resistor and source is


same.

ii) What will happen if we connect the ammeter in parallel with the component
that you used in this experiment? Describe why it is happen.

- There is no reading. The short circuit will happen.

Input Voltage V1 (V) V2 (V) A1 (mA) A2 (mA)

5V 5 5 25 10

10V 10 10 50 15

Table 3
Discussion

1. In series connection, the current at every resistor and source remains the same., but
for voltage it is different at every resistor.
2. In parallel connection, the voltage at source and every resistor remains unchanged, but
for current it is different.
3. It is important to adjust the scale at Analog Multimeter to prevent it from broken.
4. Ammeter always connected in series and voltmeter always in parallel in a circuit.

Conclusion

Multimeters are very cheap tools for the number of functions that they provide. It's generally
worthwhile buying one that has all of the functions you need and then looking after it. For the
conclusions that can be derived from these experiments is how the correct way to use a
multimeter, and a method of reading the multimeter correctly besides position selector
terminals multimeter correctly and accurately.In series 𝑉𝑅 = 𝑉1 + 𝑉2 , but in parallel
𝑉1=𝑉2=𝑉𝑇 . Futhermore, knowing the method of reading analog multimeter correctly. In
addition, we can also prevent damage to the equipment by placing the right range.