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Mechanical Engineering

Engineering Mathematics

Information contained in this book has been obtained by authors, from sources believes to be reliable. However,

neither Nodia nor its authors guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information herein, and Nodia nor its

authors shall be responsible for any error, omissions, or damages arising out of use of this information. This book

is published with the understanding that Nodia and its authors are supplying information but are not attempting

to render engineering or other professional services.

B-8, Dhanshree Tower Ist, Central Spine, Vidyadhar Nagar, Jaipur 302039

Ph : +91 - 141 - 2101150

www.nodia.co.in

email : enquiry@nodia.co.in

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

P. Simpson’s 3/8 Rule 1. First

Q. Trapezoidal Rule 2. Second

R. Simpson’s 1/3 Rule 3. Third

n

(A) P-2, Q-1, R-3 (B) P-3, Q-2, R-1

(C) P-1, Q-2, R-3

. i

(D) P-3, Q-1, R-2

c o

.

(A) Complex with non-zero positive imaginary part.

i a

(B) Complex with non-zero negative imaginary part.

d

(C) real (D) pure imaginary

o

2

The partial differential equation 2u + u2u = 2 u2 is a

.n

Q. 3

2t 2x 2x

(A) linear equation of order 2

w

(B) non-linear equation of order 1

w

(C) linear equation of order 1

w

(D) non-linear equation of order 2

©

Q. 4 Choose the Correct set of functions, which are linearly dependent.

(A) sin x, sin2 x and cos2 x

(B) cos x, sin x and tan x

(C) cos 2x , sin2 x and cos2 x

(D) cos 2x, sin x and cos x

Q. 5 The following surface integral is to be evaluated over a sphere for the given

steady velocity vector field F = xi + yj + zk defined with respect to a Cartesian

coordinate system having i, j and k as unit base vectors.

##S 14 ^F :n hdA

where S is the sphere, x2 + y2 + z2 = 1 and n is the outward unit normal vector

to the sphere. The value of the surface integral is

(A) p (B) 2p

(C) 3p/4 (D) 4p

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

The function f ^ t h satisfies the differential equation ddtf + f = 0 and the auxillary

2

Q. 6 2

(A) 2 (B) 4

s+1 s+1

(C) 2 4 (D) 4 2

s +1 s +1

x ln ^x h dx is

e

Q. 7 The value of the definite integral #

1

(A) 4 e3 + 2 (B) 2 e3 - 4

9 9 9 9

(C) 2 e3 + 4 (D) 4 e3 - 2

9 9 9 9

2

Q. 8 The solution of the differential equation ddxu - k du

dx = 0 where k is a constant,

2

(A) u = U x

L

. i n kx

(B) u = U c 1 - ekL m

1-e

-kx

(C) u = U d 1 - e-kL n

c o

(D) u = U d 1 + ekL n

kx

.

1-e 1+e

Q. 9

i a

The probability that a student knows the correct answer to a multiple choice

d

question is 23 . If the student does not know the answer, then the student guesses

o

the answer. The probability of the guessed answer being correct is 14 . Given that

.n

the student has answered the question correctly, the conditional probability that

the student knows the correct answer is

w

(A) 2 (B) 3

3 4

(C) 5

w (D) 8

w

6 9

©

YEAR 2012 ONE MARK

Q. 10 The area enclosed between the straight line y = x and the parabola y = x2 in the

x -y plane is

(A) 1/6 (B) 1/4

(C) 1/3 (D) 1/2

, f (x) is

(A) continuous and differentiable

(B) non-continuous and differentiable

(C) continuous and non-differentiable

(D) neither continuous nor differentiable

Q. 12 lim b 1 - cos x is

l

x"0 x2

(A) 1/4 (B) 1/2

(C) 1 (D) 2

(A) a maximum value (B) a minimum value

(C) a singularity (D) a point of inflection

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Q. 14 For the spherical surface x2 + y2 + z2 = 1, the unit outward normal vector at the

point c 1 , 1 , 0 m is given by

2 2

(A) 1 i + 1 j (B) 1 i - 1 j

2 2 2 2

(C) k (D) 1 i+ 1 j+ 1 k

3 3 3

s (s + 1)

(A) f (t) = sin t (B) f (t) = e-t sin t

(C) f (t) = e-t (D) f (t) = 1 - e-t

5 3

For the matrix A = >

1 3H

Q. 16 , ONE of the normalized eigen vectors given as

J 1N J 1 N

K 2O K O

2O

(A) K O (B) K

KK 3 OO K -1 O

in

2 K O

L 2P

.

L P

J 3 N J 1 N

o

K O K O

10 O 5O

(C) K (D) K

. c

K -1 O K 2 O

K O K O

a

L 10 P L 5P

Q. 17

d i

A box contains 4 red balls and 6 black balls. Three balls are selected randomly

o

from the box one after another, without replacement. The probability that the

selected set contains one red ball and two black balls is

(A) 1/20

. n (B) 1/12

w

(C) 3/10 (D) 1/2

w

Q. 18 Consider the differential equation x2 (d 2 y/dx 2) + x (dy/dx) - 4y = 0 with the

boundary conditions of y (0) = 0 and y (1) = 1. The complete solution of the

w

differential equation is

©

(A) x2 (B) sin a px k

2

(C) ex sin a px k (D) e-x sin a px k

2 2

Q. 19

x + 2y + z = 4

2x + y + 2z = 5

x-y+z = 1

The system of algebraic equations given above has

(A) a unique solution of x = 1, y = 1 and z = 1.

(B) only the two solutions of (x = 1, y = 1, z = 1) and (x = 2, y = 1, z = 0)

(C) infinite number of solutions

(D) no feasible solution

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2 4 3 5

(A) 1 - q + q - ... (B) q - q + q - ...

2! 4! 3! 5!

2 3 3 5

(C) 1 + q + q + q + ... (D) q + q + q + ...

2! 3! 3! 5!

q"0 q

(A) q

(B) sin q

(C) 0

(D) 1

n

Q. 22 Eigen values of a real symmetric matrix are always

(A) positive

. i

o

(B) negative

. c

(C) real

a

(D) complex

Q. 23

d i

The product of two complex numbers 1 + i and 2 - 5i is

o

(A) 7 - 3i (B) 3 - 4i

.n

(C) - 3 - 4i (D) 7 + 3i

w

a

Q. 24 If f (x) is an even function and a is a positive real number, then #-a f (x) dx equals

(A) 0 (B) a

(C) 2a

w a

(D) 2 # f (x) dx

w

0

©

YEAR 2011 TWO MARKS

The integral # 1 dx , when evaluated by using Simpson’s 1/3 rule on two equal

3

Q. 25

1 x

sub-intervals each of length 1, equals

(A) 1.000 (B) 1.098

(C) 1.111 (D) 1.120

dy

Q. 26 Consider the differential equation = (1 + y2) x . The general solution with

dx

constant c is

2

(A) y = tan x + tan c (B) y = tan2 a x + c k

2 2

2

(C) y = tan2 a x k + c (D) y = tan b x + c l

2 2

Q. 27 An unbiased coin is tossed five times. The outcome of each toss is either a head

or a tail. The probability of getting at least one head is

(A) 1 (B) 13

32 32

(C) 16 (D) 31

32 32

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2x1 + x2 + x 3 = 0

x2 - x 3 = 0

x1 + x 2 = 0

This system has

(A) a unique solution (B) no solution

(C) infinite number of solutions (D) five solutions

of the solid of revolution is

(A) p/4 (B) p/2

(C) 3p/4 (D) 3p/2

d 3f f d 2f

in

The Blasius equation, 3 + 2 = 0 , is a

Q. 30

dh dh2

.

(A) second order nonlinear ordinary differential equation

o

(B) third order nonlinear ordinary differential equation

c

.

(C) third order linear ordinary differential equation

i a

(D) mixed order nonlinear ordinary differential equation

d

#- 3 1 dx

3

Q. 31 The value of the integral is

o

+ x2

(A) - p (B) - p/2

(C) p/2

. n (D) p

Q. 32

w

The modulus of the complex number b 3 + 4i l is

1 - 2i

(A) 5

w (B) 5

(C) 1/ 5

w (D) 1/5

©

Q. 33 The function y = 2 - 3x

(A) is continuous 6x ! R and differentiable 6x ! R

(B) is continuous 6x ! R and differentiable 6x ! R except at x = 3/2

(C) is continuous 6x ! R and differentiable 6x ! R except at x = 2/3

(D) is continuous 6x ! R except x = 3 and differentiable 6x ! R

2 2

Q. 34 One of the eigen vectors of the matrix A = > H is

1 3

2 2

(A) > H (B) > H

-1 1

4 1

(C) > H (D) > H

1 -1

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

s2 (s + 1)

(A) t - 1 + e-t (B) t + 1 + e-t

(C) - 1 + e-t (D) 2t + et

Q. 36 A box contains 2 washers, 3 nuts and 4 bolts. Items are drawn from the box at

random one at a time without replacement. The probability of drawing 2 washers

first followed by 3 nuts and subsequently the 4 bolts is

(A) 2/315 (B) 1/630

(C) 1/1260 (D) 1/2520

Q. 37 Torque exerted on a flywheel over a cycle is listed in the table. Flywheel energy

(in J per unit cycle) using Simpson’s rule is

Torque (N-m) 0 1066 - 323 0

. i n 323 - 355 0

o

(A) 542 (B) 993

(C) 1444

. c

(D) 1986

i a

d

YEAR 2009 ONE MARK

o

3/5 4/5

For a matrix 6M @ = > H, the transpose of the matrix is equal to the

.n

Q. 38

x 3/5

inverse of the matrix, 6M @ = 6M @ . The value of x is given by

T -1

(A) - 4

w (B) - 3

w

5 5

3 4

w

(C) (D)

5 5

©

Q. 39 The divergence of the vector field 3xzi + 2xyj - yz2 k at a point (1, 1, 1) is equal to

(A) 7 (B) 4

(C) 3 (D) 0

(A) 1 + et (B) 1 - et

(C) 1 - e-t (D) 1 + e-t

Q. 41 If three coins are tossed simultaneously, the probability of getting at least one

head is

(A) 1/8 (B) 3/8

(C) 1/2 (D) 7/8

f (z) = u (x, y) + iv (x, y) where i = - 1 . If u = xy , the expression for v should be

(x + y) 2 x2 - y2

(A) +k (B) +k

2 2

y2 - x2 (x - y) 2

(C) +k (D) +k

2 2

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

dy

Q. 43 The solution of x + y = x 4 with the condition y (1) = 6 is

dx 5

4 4

(A) y = x + 1 (B) y = 4x + 4

5 x 5 5x

4 5

(C) y = x + 1 (D) y = x + 1

5 5

Q. 44 A path AB in the form of one quarter of a circle of unit radius is shown in the

figure. Integration of (x + y) 2 on path AB traversed in a counter-clockwise sense

is

in

(A) p - 1 (B) p + 1

.

2 2

(C) p

2

o

(D) 1

c

Q. 45

a .

The distance between the origin and the point nearest to it on the surface

i

z2 = 1 + xy is

(A) 1

o d (B) 3

2

n

(C) 3 (D) 2

.

w

Q. 46 The area enclosed between the curves y2 = 4x and x2 = 4y is

(A) 16

w

(B) 8

3

w

(C) 32 (D) 16

3

©

Q. 47 The standard deviation of a uniformly distributed random variable between 0

and 1 is

(A) 1 (B) 1

12 3

(C) 5 (D) 7

12 12

(A) 1/4 ! (B) 2 4 /4!

(C) e2 /4! (D) e 4 /4!

(A) - 0.99 (B) - 0.16

(C) 0.16 (D) 0.99

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

1/3

Q. 50 The value of lim x - 2

x " 8 (x - 8)

(A) 1 (B) 1

16 12

(C) 1 (D) 1

8 4

Q. 51 A coin is tossed 4 times. What is the probability of getting heads exactly 3 times

?

(A) 1 (B) 3

4 8

(C) 1 (D) 3

2 4

R1 2 4V

n

S W

i

Q. 52 The matrix S3 0 6W has one eigen value equal to 3. The sum of the

.

SS1 1 pWW

o

T X

c

a.

other two eigen value is

(A) p (B) p - 1

(C) p - 2

d i (D) p - 3

o

Q. 53 The divergence of the vector field (x - y) i + (y - x) j + (x + y + z) k is

.n

(A) 0 (B) 1

(C) 2 (D) 3

w

YEAR 2008

w TWO MARKS

Q. 54

w

Consider the shaded triangular region P shown in the figure. What is ## xydxdy ?

©

P

(A) 1 (B) 2

6 9

(C) 7 (D) 1

16

point

P = (1, 1, 2) in the direction of the vector a = 3i - 4j is

(A) - 4 (B) - 2

(C) - 1 (D) 1

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Q. 56 For what value of a, if any will the following system of equation in x, y and z have

a solution ?

2x + 3y = 4

x+y+z = 4

3x + 2y - z = a

(A) Any real number (B) 0

(C) 1 (D) There is no such value

p/4

(A) #0 tan xdx (B) #0 3 x2 1+ 1 dx

1 1 dx

(C) #0 3xe-x dx (D) #0 1-x

Q. 58 The integral # f (z) dz evaluated around the unit circle on the complex plane for

f (z) = cos z is

z

(A) 2pi (B) 4pi

in

(C) - 2pi (D) 0

Q. 59

o.

The length of the curve y = 2 x3/2 between x = 0 and x = 1 is

c

3

a.

(A) 0.27 (B) 0.67

(C) 1 (D) 1.22

1 2

H

d i 1 1

are written in the form > H and > H. What

o

0 2 a b

is a + b ?

(A) 0

. n (B) 1/2

w

(C) 1 (D) 2

w

2

2f

Q. 61 Let f = yx . What is at x = 2, y = 1 ?

2x2y

w

(A) 0 (B) ln 2

©

(C) 1 (D) 1

ln 2

Q. 62 It is given that y m + 2yl + y = 0, y (0) = 0, y (1) = 0 . What is y (0.5) ?

(A) 0 (B) 0.37

(C) 0.62 (D) 1.13

(A) 0 (B) 1

(C) 25 (D) undefined

(A) are always real

(B) are always real and positive

(C) are always real and non-negative

(D) occur in complex conjugate pairs

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Q. 65 If j (x, y) and y (x, y) are functions with continuous second derivatives, then

j (x, y) + iy (x, y) can be expressed as an analytic function of x + iy (i = - 1),

when

2j 2y 2j 2y 2j 2y 2j 2y

(A) =- , = (B) =- , =

2x 2x 2y 2y 2y 2x 2x 2y

22j 22j 22 y 22 y 2j 2j 2y 2y

(C) 2 + 2 = 2 + 2 = 1 (D) + = + =0

2x 2y 2x 2y 2x 2y 2x 2y

22 j 22 j 2j 2j

Q. 66 The partial differential equation + + + = 0 has

2x2 2y2 2x 2y

(A) degree 1 order 2 (B) degree 1 order 1

(C) degree 2 order 1 (D) degree 2 order 2

Q. 67 If y = x + x +

. i

x + x + ......3 , then y ^2 h =

n

o

(A) 4 or 1 (B) 4 only

c

(C) 1 only (D) undefined

Q. 68

a .

The area of a triangle formed by the tips of vectors a, b and c is

(A) 1 (a - b) : (a - c)

2

d i (B) 1 (a - b) # (a - c)

2

(C) 1 a # b # c

o (D) 1 (a # b) : c

.n

2 2

dy

w

Q. 69 The solution of = y2 with initial value y (0) = 1 bounded in the interval

dx

w

(A) - 3 # x # 3 (B) - 3 # x # 1

w

(C) x < 1, x > 1 (D) - 2 # x # 2

©

Q. 70 If F (s) is the Laplace transform of function f (t), then Laplace transform of

t

#0 f (t) dt is

s s

(C) sF (s) - f (0) (D) # F (s) d s

2p

Q. 71 A calculator has accuracy up to 8 digits after decimal place. The value of #0 sin xdx

when evaluated using the calculator by trapezoidal method with 8 equal intervals,

to 5 significant digits is

(A) 0.00000 (B) 1.0000

(C) 0.00500 (D) 0.00025

Q. 72 Let X and Y be two independent random variables. Which one of the relations

between expectation (E), variance (Var) and covariance (Cov) given below is

FALSE ?

(A) E (XY ) = E (X ) E (Y )

(B) Cov (X, Y ) = 0

(C) Var (X + Y ) = Var (X ) + Var (Y )

(D) E (X 2 Y 2) = (E (X )) 2 (E (Y )) 2

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2

ex - b1 + x + x l

2

Q. 73 lim 3 =

x"0 x

(A) 0 (B) 1/6

(C) 1/3 (D) 1

2 1

Q. 74 The number of linearly independent eigen vectors of > H is

0 2

(A) 0 (B) 1

(C) 2 (D) infinite

Column I Column II

P. Gauss-Seidel method 1. Interpolation

Q. Forward Newton-Gauss method 2. Non-linear differential equations

in

R. Runge-Kutta method 3. Numerical integration

S. Trapezoidal Rule

(A) P-1, Q-4, R-3, S-2

o.

4. Linear algebraic equations

(B) P-1, Q-4, R-2, S-3

(C) P-1. Q-3, R-2, S-4

. c

(D) P-4, Q-1, R-2, S-3

i a

The solution of the differential equation

dy 2

+ 2xy = e-x with y (0) = 1 is

d

Q. 76

dx

o

2 2

(A) (1 + x) e+x (B) (1 + x) e-x

. n

2 2

(C) (1 - x) e+x (D) (1 - x) e-x

w

Q. 77 Let x denote a real number. Find out the INCORRECT statement.

(A) S = {x : x > 3} represents the set of all real numbers greater than 3

w

(B) S = {x : x2 < 0} represents the empty set.

w

(C) S = {x : x ! A and x ! B} represents the union of set A and set B .

©

(D) S = {x : a < x < b} represents the set of all real numbers between a and b,

where a and b are real numbers.

Q. 78 A box contains 20 defective items and 80 non-defective items. If two items are

selected at random without replacement, what will be the probability that both

items are defective ?

(A) 1 (B) 1

5 25

(C) 20 (D) 19

99 495

3 2

Q. 79 Eigen values of a matrix S = > H are 5 and 1. What are the eigen

2 3

values of the matrix S 2 = SS ?

(A) 1 and 25 (B) 6 and 4

(C) 5 and 1 (D) 2 and 10

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

(A) y = 3x - 5 (B) y = 3x + 5

(C) 3y = x + 15 (D) 3y = x - 15

p/3

Q. 81 Assuming i = - 1 and t is a real number, #0 eit dt is

(A) 3 + i1 (B) 3 - i1

2 2 2 2

(C) 1 + i 3 (D) 1 + i c1 - 3 m

2 2 2 2

2

Q. 82 If f (x) = 2x2 - 7x + 3 , then lim f (x) will be

5x - 12x - 9 x"3

i n

(C) 0 (D) 2/5

o.

Column I

. c

Column II

i a

P. Singular matrix 1. Determinant is not defined

d

Q. Non-square matrix 2. Determinant is always one

o

R. Real symmetric 3. Determinant is zero

.n

S. Orthogonal matrix 4. Eigenvalues are always real

w

5. Eigenvalues are not defined

w

(A) P-3, Q-1, R-4, S-2

w

(B) P-2, Q-3, R-4, S-1

(C) P-3, Q-2, R-5, S-4

©

(D) P-3, Q-4, R-2, S-1

d 2y dy 2x

For 2 + 4 dx + 3y = 3e , the particular integral is

Q. 84

dx

15 5

(C) 3e2x (D) C1 e-x + C2 e-3x

Rcos q - sin q 0VW R1 0 0VW

S S

E = S sin q cos q 0W and G = S0 1 0W

SS 0 0 1WW SS0 0 1WW

T X T X

What is the matrix F ?

Rcos q - sin q 0V R cos q cos q 0V

S W S W

(A) S sin q cos q 0W (B) S- cos q sin q 0W

SS 0 0 1WW SS 0 0 1WW

TR XV TR VX

S cos q sin q 0W S sin q - cos q 0W

(C) S- sin q cos q 0W (D) Scos q sin q 0W

SS 0 0 1WW SS 0 0 1WW

T X T X

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

f (t) = 1 + t for - 1 # t # 0

= 1 - t for 0 # t # 1

The standard deviation of the random variable is

(A) 1 (B) 1

3 6

(C) 1 (D) 1

3 6

(A) a line integral and a surface integral

(B) a surface integral and a volume integral

(C) a line integral and a volume integral

(D) gradient of a function and its surface integral

in

Q. 88 A lot has 10% defective items. Ten items are chosen randomly from this lot. The

.

probability that exactly 2 of the chosen items are defective is

o

(A) 0.0036 (B) 0.1937

c

(C) 0.2234 (D) 0.3874

Q. 89

a

#-a (sin6 x + sin7 x) dx is equal to

a .

i

od

a a

(A) 2 # sin6 x dx (B) 2 # sin7 x dx

0 0

.n

a

(C) 2 # (sin x + sin x) dx

6 7

(D) zero

0

w

Q. 90 A is a 3 # 4 real matrix and Ax = b is an inconsistent system of equations. The

w

highest possible rank of A is

(A) 1 (B) 2

(C) 3

w (D) 4

©

8 2

Q. 91 Changing the order of the integration in the double integral I =

q

#0 #x f (x, y) dydx

s

leads to I = #r #p f (x, y) dxdy What is q ?

4

(A) 4y (B) 16 y2

(C) x (D) 8

R V

S5 0 0 0W

S0 5 0 0W

Which one of the following is an eigen vector of the matrix S

1WW

Q. 92

S0 0 2

R V R V S0 0 3 1W

S 1W S0W T X

S- 2W S0W

(A) S W (B) S W

S 0W S1W

S 0W S0W

T X T X

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

R V R V

S 1W S 1W

S 0W S- 1W

(C) S W (D) S W

S W0 S 2W

S- 2W S 1W

T X T X

Q. 93 With a 1 unit change in b, what is the change in x in the solution of the system

of equations x + y = 2, 1.01x + 0.99y = b ?

(A) zero (B) 2 units

(C) 50 units (D) 100 units

Q. 94 By a change of variable x (u, v) = uv, y (u, v) = v/u is double integral, the integrand

f (x, y) changes to f (uv, v/u) f (u, v). Then, f (u, v) is

(A) 2v/u (B) 2uv

2

(C) v (D) 1

Q. 95

. i n

The right circular cone of largest volume that can be enclosed by a sphere of 1 m

o

radius has a height of

c

(A) 1/3 m (B) 2/3 m

(C) 2 2 m

3

a . (D) 4/3 m

Q. 96 If x2

dy

dx

+ 2xy =

2 ln (x)

x

d i

and y (1) = 0 , then what is y (e) ?

(A) e

n o (B) 1

.

(C) 1/e (D) 1/e2

Q. 97 #

w

The line integral V :dr of the vector V :(r) = 2xyzi + x2 zj + x2 yk from the

w

origin to the point P (1, 1, 1)

w

(A) is 1 (B) is zero

(C) is – 1

©

(D) cannot be determined without specifying the path

x3 + 3x - 7 = 0 gives the next value (x1) as

(A) x1 = 0.5 (B) x1 = 1.406

(C) x1 = 1.5 (D) x1 = 2

Q. 99 A single die is thrown twice. What is the probability that the sum is neither 8

nor 9 ?

(A) 1/9 (B) 5/36

(C) 1/4 (D) 3/4

The complete solution of the ordinary differential equation

d 2y dy -x

2 + p dx + qy = 0 is y = c1 e + c2 e-3x

dx

Q. 100 Then p and q are

(A) p = 3, q = 3 (B) p = 3, q = 4

(C) p = 4, q = 3 (D) p = 4, q = 4

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

d 2y dy

2 + p dx + (q + 1) y = 0

dx

(A) e-3x (B) xe-x

(C) xe-2x (D) x2 e-2x

dy

Q. 102 If x = a (q + sin q) and y = a (1 - cos q), then will be equal to

dx

(A) sin b q l (B) cos b q l

2 2

(C) tan b q l (D) cot b q l

2 2

Q. 103 The angle between two unit-magnitude coplanar vectors P (0.866, 0.500, 0) and

Q (0.259, 0.966, 0) will be

(A) 0c (B) 30c

in

(C) 45c (D) 60c

o. R1

S 2 3VW

c

Q. 104 The sum of the eigen values of the matrix given below is S1 5 1W

.

SS3 1 1WW

a

T X

i

(A) 5 (B) 7

d

(C) 9 (D) 18

n o

.

YEAR 2004 TWO MARKS

w

Q. 105 From a pack of regular playing cards, two cards are drawn at random. What is

w

the probability that both cards will be Kings, if first card in NOT replaced ?

(A) 1 (B) 1

w

26 52

(C) 1 (D) 1

©

169 221

0, for t < a

Q. 106 A delayed unit step function is defined as U (t - a) = * Its Laplace

transform is 1 , for t $ a

-as

(A) ae-as (B) e

s

as as

(C) e (D) e

s a

x f (x)

0 1

1 2

2 1

3 10

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Using Newton’s forward difference formula, the cubic polynomial that can be

fitted to the above data, is

(A) 2x3 + 7x2 - 6x + 2

(B) 2x3 - 7x2 + 6x - 2

(C) x3 - 7x2 - 6x2 + 1

(D) 2x3 - 7x2 + 6x + 1

2p p/3 1

V= #0 #0 #0 r2 sin fdrdfdq

(A) p (B) p

3 6

(C) 2p (D) p

i n

3 4

Q. 109

o.

For which value of x will the matrix given below become singular ?

R 8 x 0V

. c

S W

= S 4 0 2W

i a

SS12 6 0WW

d

(A) 4 T X(B) 6

o

(C) 8 (D) 12

.n

w

YEAR 2003 ONE MARK

2

w

Q. 110 lim sin x is equal to

x"0 x

(A) 0

w (B) 3

©

(C) 1 (D) - 1

(A) O (h2) (B) O (h3)

(C) O (h 4) (D) O (h5)

4 1

For the matrix >

1 4H

Q. 112 the eigen values are

(A) 3 and - 3 (B) - 3 and - 5

(C) 3 and 5 (D) 5 and 0

x + 2y + z = 6

2x + y + 2z = 6

x+y+z = 5

This system has

(A) unique solution (B) infinite number of solutions

(C) no solution (D) exactly two solutions

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Q. 114 The area enclosed between the parabola y = x2 and the straight line y = x is

(A) 1/8 (B) 1/6

(C) 1/3 (D) 1/2

dy

Q. 115 The solution of the differential equation + y2 = 0 is

dx

3

(A) y = 1 (B) y = - x + c

x+c 3

(C) cex (D) unsolvable as equation is non-

linear

(A) divergence free, but not irrotational

(B) irrotational, but not divergence free

(C) divergence free and irrotational

(D) neither divergence free nor irrational

in

(A) 2 s 2 (B) 2 w 2

.

s +w s +w

o

(C) 2 s (D) 2 w 2

c

s - w2 s -w

Q. 118

a .

A box contains 5 black and 5 red balls. Two balls are randomly picked one after

i

another form the box, without replacement. The probability for balls being red is

d

(A) 1/90 (B) 1/2

(C) 19/90

n o (D) 2/9

.

w

YEAR 2002 ONE MARK

w

Q. 119 Two dice are thrown. What is the probability that the sum of the numbers on

w

the two dice is eight?

(A) 5 (B) 5

36 18

Q. 120

©

(C) 1

4

(D) 1

3

Which of the following functions is not differentiable in the domain [- 1, 1] ?

(A) f (x) = x2

(B) f (x) = x - 1

(C) f (x) = 2

(D) f (x) = maximum ( x, - x )

variable X .This implies that

(A) there is a causal relationship between Y and X

(B) a value of X may be used to estimate a value of Y

(C) values of X exactly determine values of Y

(D) there is no causal relationship between Y and X

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

3x + 2y + z = 4

x-y+z = 2

- 2x + 2z = 5

(A) no solution (B) a unique solution

(C) multiple solutions (D) an inconsistency

(A) only one stationary point at (0, 0)

(B) two stationary points at (0, 0) and b 1 , - 1 l

6 3

(C) two stationary points at (0, 0) and (1, - 1)

n

(D) no stationary point

. i

o

Q. 124 Manish has to travel from A to D changing buses at stops B and C enroute. The

c

maximum waiting time at either stop can be 8 min each but any time of waiting

.

up to 8 min is equally, likely at both places. He can afford up to 13 min of total

a

waiting time if he is to arrive at D on time. What is the probability that Manish

will arrive late at D ?

(A) 8

d i (B) 13

o

13 64

.n

(C) 119 (D) 9

128 128

w

w

YEAR 2001 ONE MARK

w

Q. 125 The divergence of vector i = xi + yj + zk is

(A) i + j + k (B) 3

©

(C) 0 (D) 1

x+y = 2

2x + 2y = 5

This system has

(A) one solution

(B) no solution

(C) infinite solutions

(D) four solutions

(A) 1 (B) - 1

(C) 0 (D) Does not exist

(A) surface integrals to volume integrals

(B) surface integrals to line integrals

(C) vector quantities to other vector quantities

(D) line integrals to volume integrals

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

3

Q. 129 The minimum point of the function f (x) = b x l - x is at

3

(A) x = 1 (B) x =- 1

(C) x = 0 (D) x = 1

3

Q. 130 The rank of a 3 # 3 matrix C (= AB), found by multiplying a non-zero column

matrix A of size 3 # 1 and a non-zero row matrix B of size 1 # 3 , is

(A) 0 (B) 1

(C) 2 (D) 3

Q. 131 An unbiased coin is tossed three times. The probability that the head turns up

in exactly two cases is

(A) 1 (B) 1

9 8

(C) 2 (D) 3

3 8

. in

o

**********

. c

i a

o d

. n

w

w

w

©

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

SOLUTION

Numerical Integration Order of Fitting

Scheme Polynomial

P. Simpson’s 3/8 Rule 3. Third order

Q. Trapezoidal Rule 1. First order

R. Simpson’s 1/3 Rule 2. Second order

Option (C) is correct.

n

Sol. 2

i

Let a square matrix

x y

A => H

o.

c

y x

.

The characteristic equation for the eigen value is given by

a

i

A - lI = 0

d

x-l y

o

=0

y x-l

.n

^x - lh2 - y2 = 0

^x - lh2 = y2

w

or

or x - l =! y

or

w l = x ! y it is a real value.

w

So, eigen values are real if matrix is real and symmetric.

©

Sol. 3 Option (D) is correct.

We have 22 u - u2u - 2u = 0

2x2 2x 2t

Order is determined by the orders of the highest derivative present in it. So, it is

a second order partial differential equation.

It is also a non-linear equation because in linear equation, the product of u with

2u

2x

is not allow. Therefore, it is a second order, non-linear partial differential

equation.

Sol. 4 Option (C) is correct.

We know cos 2x = 2 cos2 x - 1

cos 2x = 1 - 2 sin2 x

cos2 x = 1 - sin2 x

The linear equation is given by

y = mx + c

This equation satisfy the above three equations, so that cos 2x , sin2 x , cos2 x are

linearly dependent.

Sol. 5 Option (A) is correct.

We have F = xi + yj + zk

and x + y + z2 = 1

2 2

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

## ]F $ ngdA = ### ^d $ F hdV

S V

Thus the gauss theorem transformed surface integral to volume integral.

d$ F = c 2 i + 2 j + 2 k m $ ^xi + yj + zk h = 1 + 1 + 1 = 3

2x 2y 2y

So that ### ^d$ F hdV = ### 3dV = 3 # volume of sphere

V V

= 3 # 4 p # ^1 h3 = 4p

3

Hence the given integral becomes

## 14 ^F $n hdA = 14 # 4p = p

S

Sol. 6 Option (C) is correct.

d2f

We have +f = 0

dt2

^D2 + 1h f = 0

in

The auxiliary equation is

m2 + 1 = 0

o.

c

m =! 1

Thus the solution of this equation becomes

a .

f ^ t h = C1 cos x + C2 sin x

and

df

d i

=- C1 sin x + C2 cos x

o

dt

n

From given conditions f ^0 h = 0

. C1 = 0

and

w df

dt ^ h

0 =4

w 4 = C2 + 0 & C2 = 4

So that

w f ^ t h = 4 sin x

©

Hence, the laplace transform is

L f ^ t h = 4L 6sin x @ = 2 4

s +1

Sol. 7 Option (C) is correct.

x ln ^x h dx

e

Let I = #1

I = ln ^x h # x dx - # ; d ln ^x h # x dx E dx

e e e

1 1 dx 1

= :ln ^x h # x D - #

2 e e 1 2

3/2 3/2

# 3 x dx

3 1 1 x

e

= ; 2 e3/2 - 0E - ; 2 # 2 x3/2E

3 3 3 1

= e - 6e - 1@ = e - 4 e3/2 + 4

2 3/2 4 3/2 2 3/2

3 9 3 9 9

= 2 e3/2 + 4 = 2 e3 + 4

9 9 9 9

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

We have d 2u - k du = 0

dx2 dx

or ^D - kD h u = 0

2

m2 - km = 0

m ^m - k h = 0

or m = 0, k

Thus the complete solution is

u = C1 e0x + C2 ekx

or u = C1 + C2 ekx

From the given condition

n

u ^0 h = 0 : 0 = C1 + C 2

C1 + C 2 = 0

. i ....(i)

and

c o

.

u ^L h = U : U = C1 + C2 ekL ....(ii)

i a

Subtracting equation (i) from (ii), we get

U = C2 ^ekL - 1h

or C2 = kLU

o d

^e - 1h

.n

From equation (i), we have

w C1 =- C2 = kL -U

^e - 1h

w

Substitute these values in the expression for u , we get

w

kx

u = kL -U + U ekx = U c 1 - ekL m

^e - 1h ^e - 1h

kL

1-e

Sol. 9

©

Option (D) is correct.

Let A be the event when student knows the answer and B be the event when

student guesses the answer. Therefore

P ^Ah = P ^A + B h = 2

3

and P ^B h = 2 + 1 # 1 = 9

3 3 4 12

where 3 is the probability of correct answer and 13 is the probability that student

2

does not know the answer. So guesses the answer and probability of correct guess

is 14 . Therefore total probability of correct answer

=2+1#1 = 9

3 3 4 12

Conditional probability that student knows the correct answer

P ^A + B h

P ^A/B h = =2' 9 =8

P ^B h 3 12 9

Sol. 10 Option (A) is correct.

For y = x straight line and

y = x 2 parabola, curve is as given. The shaded

region is the area, which is bounded by the both curves (common area).

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

In y = x2 putting y = x we have x = x2 or

x2 - x = 0 & x (x - 1) = 0 & x = 0, 1

Then from y = x , for x = 0 & y = 0 and x = 1 & y = 1

2

Curve y = x and y = x intersects at point (0, 0) and (1, 1)

So, the area bounded by both the curves is

x=1 y = x2 x=1 y = x2 x=1 x=1

A= # # dydx = # dx # dy = # dx6y @

x2

= # (x 2

- x) dx

in

x

.

x=0 y=x x=0 y=x x=0 x=0

3 2 1

= :x - x D = 1 - 1 =- 1 = 1 unit2 Area is never negative

o

3 2 0 3 2 6 6

. c

Sol. 11 Option (C) is correct.

a

Given f (x) = x (in - 1 # x # 1)

For this function the plot is as given below.

d i

n o

.

w

w

w

For ©

At x = 0 , function is continuous but not differentiable because.

x > 0 and x < 0

f l (x) = 1 and f l (x) =- 1

lim f l(x) = 1 and lim f l(x) =- 1

x " 0+ x " 0-

Therefore it is not differentiable.

Sol. 12 Option (B) is correct.

(1 - cos x)

Let y = lim

x"0 x2

It forms : 0 D condition. Hence by L-Hospital rule

0

d

(1 - cos x)

y = lim dx = lim sin x

x"0 d

(x 2

) x " 0 2x

dx

0

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

d

(sin x)

y = lim dx

= lim cos x = cos 0 = 1

x"0 2 # dxd (x) x"0 2 2 2

Sol. 13 Option (D) is correct.

We have f (x) = x3 + 1

f l(x) = 3x2 + 0

Putting f l(x) equal to zero

f l(x) = 0

2

3x + 0 = 0 & x = 0

Now f ll(x) = 6x

At x = 0, fll(0) = 6 # 0 = 0 Hence x = 0 is the point of inflection.

Sol. 14 Option (A) is correct.

Given : x2 + y2 + z2 = 1

This is a equation of sphere with radius r = 1

. i n

c o

a .

d i

o

.n

w

The unit normal vector at point c 1 , 1 , 0 m is OA

w

2 2

w

Hence OA = c 1 - 0 m i + c 1 - 0 m j + (0 - 0) k = 1 i + 1 j

2 2 2 2

Option (D) is correct.

©

Sol. 15

A (s + 1) + Bs

F (s) = 1 =A+ B =

s (s + 1) s s + 1 s (s + 1)

1 (A + B) s A

= +

s (s + 1) s (s + 1) s (s + 1)

Comparing the coefficients both the sides,

(A + B) = 0 and A = 1, B =- 1

So 1 =1- 1

s (s + 1) s s + 1

F (t) = L-1 [F (s)] = L-1 ; 1 E = L-1 :1 - 1 D

s (s + 1) s s+1

= L-1 :1D - L-1 : 1 D = 1 - e-t

s s+1

Sol. 16 Option (B) is correct.

5 3

A =>

1 3H

Given

For finding eigen values, we write the characteristic equation as

A - lI = 0

5-l 3

=0

1 3-l

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

& (5 - l) (3 - l) - 3 = 0

l2 - 8l + 12 = 0 & l = 2, 6

Now from characteristic equation for eigen vector.

6A - lI @"x , = 60@

For l = 2

5-2 3 X1 0

> H>

1 3 - 2 X2 H => H

0

3 3 X1 0

& >1 1H>X H = >0H

2

X1 + X 2 = 0 & X1 =- X2

1

So eigen vector = * 4

-1

Magnitude of eigen vector = (1) 2 + (1) 2 = 2

R 1 V

S W

2W

Normalized eigen vector = SS

-1W

in

S W

2

T X

.

Sol. 17 Option (D) is correct.

o

Given : No. of Red balls = 4

No. of Black ball = 6

. c

a

3 balls are selected randomly one after another, without replacement.

i

1 red and 2 black balls are will be selected as following

d

o

Manners Probability for these sequence

. n

R B B 4 6 5=1

10 # 9 # 8 6

B R B

w 6 4 5=1

w

10 # 9 # 8 6

w

B B R 6 5 4=1

10 # 9 # 8 6

©

Hence Total probability of selecting 1 red and 2 black ball is

P =1+1+1 = 3=1

6 6 6 6 2

Sol. 18 Option (A) is correct.

d2y dy

We have x2 2 + x - 4y = 0 ...(1)

dx dx

Let x = ez then z = log x

dz =1

dx x

dy dy dy

So, we get = b lb dz l = 1

dx dz dx x dz

dy

x = Dy where d = D

dx dz

d 2y dy dy dy dy

Again = d b l = d b 1 l = -21 + 1 d b l dz

dx2 dx dx dx x dz x dz x dz dz dx

dy d 2y d 2 y dy

= -21 + 1 2 dz = 12 c 2 - m

x dz x dz dx x dz dz

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

x2 d 2 y

= (D2 - D) y = D (D - 1) y

dx2

Now substitute in equation (i)

[D (D - 1) + D - 4] y = 0

(D2 - 4) y = 0 & D = ! 2

So the required solution is y = C1 x2 + C2 x-2 ...(ii)

From the given limits y (0) = 0 , equation (ii) gives

0 = C1 # 0 + C 2

C2 = 0

And from y (1) = 1, equation (ii) gives

1 = C1 + C 2

C1 = 1

n

Substitute C1 & C2 in equation (ii), the required solution be

y = x2

. i

o

Sol. 19 Option (C) is correct.

. c

For given equation matrix form is as follows

R1 2 1V R4V

i a

S W S W

A = S2 1 2W, B = S5W

d

SS1 - 1 1WW SS1WW

o

The augmented matrix is T X T X

.n

R1 2 1 : 4V

S W

8A : BB = S2 1 2 : 5W R2 " R2 - 2R1, R 3 " R 3 - R1

w

SS1 - 1 1 : 1WW

w

TR1 2 1 : X4V

S W

+ S0 - 3 0 : - 3W R 3 " R 3 - R2

w

SS0 - 3 0 : - 3WW

RT1 2 1 : 4VX

©

S W

+ S0 - 3 0 : - 3W R2 " R2 / - 3

SS0 0 0 : 0WW

RT1 2 1 : 4V X

S W

+ S0 1 0 : 1W

SS0 0 0 : 0WW

T X

This gives rank of A, r (A) = 2 and Rank of 8A : BB = r 8A : BB = 2

Which is less than the number of unknowns (3)

r 6A@ = r 8A : BB = 2 < 3

Hence, this gives infinite No. of solutions.

Sol. 20 Option (B) is correct.

3 5 7

sin q = q - q + q - q + ......

3 5 7

Sol. 21 Option (D) is correct.

d

(sin q)

Let y = lim sin q = lim dq d = lim cos q Applying L-Hospital rule

q"0 q q"0 (q) q"0 1

dq

= cos 0 =1

1

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Let a square matrix

x y

A =>

y xH

We know that the characteristic equation for the eigen values is given by

A - lI = 0

x-l y

=0

y x-l

(x - l) 2 - y2 = 0

(x - l) 2 = y2

x - l =! y & l = x ! y

So, eigen values are real if matrix is real and symmetric.

Sol. 23 Option (A) is correct.

Let, z1 = (1 + i), z2 = (2 - 5i)

z = z1 # z2 = (1 + i) (2 - 5i)

in

= 2 - 5i + 2i - 5i2 = 2 - 3i + 5 = 7 - 3i i 2 =- 1

Sol. 24 Option (D) is correct.

o.

c

For a function, whose limits bounded between - a to a and a is a positive real

.

number. The solution is given by

i a

a

2 # f (x) dx ; f (x) is even

=*

a

#-a f (x) dx

d

0

0 ; f (x) is odd

o

Sol. 25 Option (C) is correct.

. n# 1 dx 3

Let, f (x) =

x

w

1

So,

w h =b-a = 3-1 = 1

w

n 2

We make the table from the given function y = f (x) = 1 as follows :

©

x

x f (x) = y = 1

x

x=1 y1 = 1 = 1

1

x=2 y2 = 1 = 0.5

2

x=3 y 3 = 1 = 0.333

3

#1 x1 dx = h3 6(y1 + y3) + 4y2@ = 13 6(1 + 0.333) + 4 # 0.5@

3

3 3

Sol. 26 Option (D) is correct.

dy

Given : = (1 + y2) x

dx

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

dy

= xdx

(1 + y2)

Integrating both the sides, we get

dy

# 1+ y2

= # xdx

2 2

tan-1 y = x + c & y = tan b x + c l

2 2

Sol. 27 Option (D) is correct.

The probability of getting head p = 1

2

And the probability of getting tail q = 1 - 1 = 1

2 2

The probability of getting at least one head is

i n

P (x $ 1) = 1 - 5C 0 (p) 5 (q) 0 = 1 - 1 # b 1 l b 1 l

5 0

.

2 2

= 1 - 15 = 31

2 32

c o

.

Sol. 28 Option (C) is correct.

i a

Given system of equations are,

d

2x1 + x2 + x 3 = 0 ...(i)

o

x2 - x 3 = 0 ...(ii)

.n

x1 + x 2 = 0 ...(iii)

Adding the equation (i) and (ii) we have

w 2x1 + 2x2 = 0

w x1 + x 2 = 0 ...(iv)

w

We see that the equation (iii) and (iv) is same and they will meet at infinite

points. Hence this system of equations have infinite number of solutions.

Sol. 29 ©

Option (D) is correct.

The volume of a solid generated by revolution about x -axis bounded by the

function f (x) and limits between a to b is given by

b

V = #a py2 dx

Given y = x and a = 1, b = 2

2 2

p ( x ) 2 dx = p # xdx = p :x D

2 2

Therefore, V = #1 1 2 1

= p : 4 - 1 D = 3p

2 2 2

d 3f f d 2f

Given: 3 + 2 =0

dh dh2

Order is determined by the order of the highest derivation present in it. So, It is

third order equation but it is a nonlinear equation because in linear equation, the

product of f with d 2 f/dh2 is not allow.

Therefore, it is a third order non-linear ordinary differential equation.

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Let I = #- 33 1 dx = 6tan-1 x @3 = [tan-1 (+ 3) - tan-1 (- 3)]

+ x2 -3

2 2

Sol. 32 Option (B) is correct.

Let, z = 3 + 4i

1 - 2i

Divide and multiply z by the conjugate of (1 - 2i) to convert it in the form of

a + bi we have

(3 + 4i) (1 + 2i) 2

z = 3 + 4i # 1 + 2i = = 3 + 10i +2 8i

1 - 2i 1 + 2i 2

(1) - (2i) 2

1 - 4i

= 3 + 10i - 8 = - 5 + 10i =- 1 + 2i

1 - (- 4) 5

z = (- 1) 2 + (2) 2 = 5 a + ib = a2 + b2

Sol. 33 Option (C) is correct.

Z2 - 3x if x < 2

in

]] 3

y = f (x) = [0 if x = 2

.

3

]- (2 - 3x)

o

if x > 2

3

\

c

Checking the continuity of the function.

a.

At x = 2 , Lf (x) = lim f b 2 - h l = lim 2 - 3 b 2 - h l

i

3 h"0 3 h"0 3

d

= lim 2 - 2 + 3h = 0

o

h"0

n

and

.

h"0 3 h"0 3

w

= lim 2 + 3h - 2 = 0

h"0

w

Since L lim f (x) = R lim f (x)

h"0 h"0

w

So, function is continuous 6 x ! R

Now checking the differentiability :

© Lf l (x) = lim

h"0

f ^ 23 - h h - f ^ 23 h

-h

= lim

h"0

2 - 3 ^ 23 - h h - 0

-h

= lim 2 - 2 + 3h = lim 3h =- 3

h"0 -h h"0 -h

f ^ 23 + h h - f ^ 23 h

and Rf l (x) = lim

h"0 h

3 ^ 23 + h h - 2 - 0

= lim = lim 2 + 3h - 2 = 3

h"0 h h"0 h

Since Lf lb 2 l ! Rf lb 2 l, f (x) is not differentiable at x = 2 .

3 3 3

Sol. 34 Option (A) is correct.

2 2

Let, A => H

1 3

And l1 and l2 are the eigen values of the matrix A.

The characteristic equation is written as

A - lI = 0

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2 2 1 0

> H - l> H =0

1 3 0 1

2-l 2

=0 ...(i)

1 3-l

(2 - l) (3 - l) - 2 = 0

l2 - 5l + 4 = 0 & l = 1 & 4

Putting l = 1 in equation (i),

2-1 2 x1 0 x1

> 1 3 - 1H>x2H >0H

= where > H is eigen vector

x2

1 2 x1 0

>1 H>

2 x2H => H

0

x1 + 2x2 = 0 or x1 + 2x2 = 0

Let x2 =K

. i n

o

Then x1 + 2K = 0 & x1 =- 2K

c

- 2K -2

> KH or > H

.

So, the eigen vector is

1

2

i a

Since option A> H is in the same ratio of x1 and x2 . Therefore option (A) is an

d

-1

o

eigen vector.

.n

Sol. 35 Option (A) is correct.

f (t) is the inverse Laplace

So,

w

f (t) = L - 1 ; 2 1

s (s + 1)E

1

w = A + B2 + C =

As (1 + s) + B (s + 1) + Cs2

w

2

s (s + 1) s s s+1 s2 (s + 1)

©

s2 (A + C) + s (A + B) + B

=

s2 (s + 1)

2

Compare the coefficients of s , s and constant terms and we get

A + C = 0 ; A + B = 0 and B = 1

Solving above equation, we get A =- 1, B = 1 and C = 1

Thus f (t) = L - 1 :- 1 + 12 + 1 D

s s s+1

=- 1 + t + e-t = t - 1 + e-t L - 1 : 1 D = e-at

s+a

Sol. 36 Option (C) is correct.

The box contains :

Number of washers = 2

Number of nuts = 3

Number of bolts = 4

Total objects = 2 + 3 + 4 = 9

First two washers are drawn from the box which contain 9 items. So the probability

of drawing 2 washers is,

P1 = 9C2 == 1 = 7!2! = 2 = 1

2

n

Cn = 1

C2 9! 9 # 8 # 7! 9 # 8 36

7!2!

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

After this box contains only 7 objects and then 3 nuts drawn from it. So the

probability of drawing 3 nuts from the remaining objects is,

P2 = 7C 3 = 1 = 4!3! = 1

3

C3 7! 7 # 6 # 5 # 4! 35

4!3!

After this box contain only 4 objects, probability of drawing 4 bolts from the box,

P3 = 4C 4 = 1 = 1

4

C4 1

Therefore the required probability is,

P = P1 P2 P3 = 1 # 1 # 1 = 1

36 35 1260

Sol. 37 Option (B) is correct.

Given : h = 60c - 0 = 60c

h = 60 # p = p = 1.047 radians

180 3

From the table, we have

y 0 = 0 , y1 = 1066 , y2 =- 323 , y 3 = 0 , y 4 = 323 , y5 =- 355 and y6 = 0

in

From the Simpson’s 1/3rd rule the flywheel Energy is,

.

E = h 6(y 0 + y6) + 4 (y1 + y 3 + y5) + 2 (y2 + y 4)@

3

Substitute the values, we get

c o

3

a .

E = 1.047 6(0 + 0) + 4 (1066 + 0 - 355) + 2 (- 323 + 323)@

3

d i

= 1.047 64 # 711 + 2 (0)@ = 993 Nm rad (Joules/cycle)

o

Sol. 38

. n

3 4

M => H

5 5

Given :

w

3

x 5

w

And [M]T = [M] -1

w

T -1

©

6M @T = I

6M @

6M @ 6M @ = I

T

> 45 3 H.>

3 3 4

x 1 0

H = >0 1H

5 5

3

5 5 x 5

R 3 3 V

S b # 3 l + x2 3 4

b 5 # 5 l + 5 xW

S 5 5 W = >1 0H

S 4 # 3 + 3x 4 4 3 3 W 0 1

Sb 5 5l 5 b 5 # 5 l + b 5 # 5 lW

T X

2

9

+ x 12

+ 3

x 1 0

>12 + 3 x H =>

0 1H

25 25 5

25 5 1

Comparing both sides a12 element,

12 + 3 x = 0 " x =- 12 5 =- 4

25 5 25 # 3 5

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Let, V = 3xzi + 2xyj - yz2 k

We know divergence vector field of V is given by (4: V)

2x 2y 2z

4: V = 3z + 2x - 2yz

At point P (1, 1, 1)

(4: V) P (1, 1, 1) = 3 # 1 + 2 # 1 - 2 # 1 # 1 = 3

Sol. 40 Option (C) is correct.

Let f (s) = L - 1 ; 2 1 E

s +s

First, take the function 2 1 and break it by the partial fraction,

s +s

n

Solve by

i * 1 =A+ B 4

1 = 1 =1- 1

.

2

s +s s (s + 1) s (s + 1)

o

(s + 1) s s + 1

c

So, L - 1 c 2 1 m = L - 1 ;1 - 1 E = L - 1 :1D - L - 1 : 1 D = 1 - e-t

.

s +s s (s + 1) s s+1

a

Sol. 41 Option (D) is correct.

H H H

d i

Total number of cases = 23 = 8 & Possible cases when coins are tossed simultaneously.

H H T

o

.n

H T H

T H H

H T T

w

w

T H T

w

T T H

T T T

©

From these cases we can see that out of total 8 cases 7 cases contain at least one

head. So, the probability of come at least one head is = 7

8

Sol. 42 Option (C) is correct.

Given : z = x + iy is a analytic function

f (z) = u (x, y) + iv (x, y)

u = xy ..(i)

Analytic function satisfies the Cauchy-Riemann equation.

2u = 2v and 2u =-2v

2x 2y 2y 2x

2x 2y

2u = x & 2v =- x

2y 2x

Let v (x, y) be the conjugate function of u (x, y)

dv = 2v dx + 2v dy = (- x) dx + (y) dy

2x 2y

Integrating both the sides,

# dv =- # xdx + # ydy

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2

y2

v =- x + + k = 1 (y2 - x2) + k

2 2 2

Sol. 43 Option (A) is correct.

dy

Given x + y = x4

dx

dy

+ 1 y = x3

dx b x l

...(i)

dy

It is a single order differential equation. Comparing this with + Py = Q

dx

P =1 Q = x3

x

y (I.F.) = # Q (I.F.) dx + C

# Pdx # x1 dx

I. F. = e =e = e log x = x

e

5

yx = # x3 # xdx + C = # x4 dx + C = x +C ...(ii)

5

and y (1) = 6 at x = 1 & y = 6 From equation (ii),

5 5

in

6 1 = 1+C & C = 6-1 = 1

.

5# 5 5 5

o

Then, from equation (ii), we get

. c

5 4

yx = x + 1 & y = x + 1

5 5 x

i a

d

Sol. 44 Option (B) is correct.

o

The equation of circle with unit radius and centre at origin is given by,

. n

x2 + y2 = 1

w

w

w

©

Finding the integration of (x + y) 2 on path AB traversed in counter-clockwise

sense So using the polar form

Let: x = cos q , y = sin q , and r = 1

So put the value of x and y and limits in first quadrant between 0 to p/2 .

p/2

Hence, I = #0 (cos q + sin q) 2 dq

p/2 p/2

= #0 (cos2 q + sin2 q + 2 sin q cos q) dq = #0 (1 + sin 2q) dq

Integrating above equation, we get

= :q - cos 2q D = ;a p - cos p k - b 0 - cos 0 lE

p/2

2 0 2 2 2

= b p + 1 l - b- 1 l = p + 1

2 2 2 2

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

The given equation of surface is

z2 = 1 + xy ...(i)

Let P (x, y, z) be the nearest point on the surface (i), then distance from the origin

is

d = (x - 0) 2 + (y - 0) 2 + (z - 0) 2

d 2 = x2 + y2 + z2

z2 = d 2 - x2 - y2 ...(ii)

From equation (i) and (ii), we get

d 2 - x2 - y2 = 1 + xy

d 2 = x2 + y2 + xy + 1

Let f (x, y) = d 2 = x2 + y2 + xy + 1 ...(iii)

n

The f (x, y) be the maximum or minimum according to d 2 maximum or minimum.

. i

Differentiating equation (iii) w.r.t x and y respectively, we get

o

2f 2f

= 2x + y or = 2y + x

c

2x 2y

2f 2f

.

Applying maxima minima principle and putting and equal to zero,

2x 2y

2f

= 2x + y = 0 or

2f

i a

= 2y + x = 0

d

2x 2y

o

Solving these equations, we get x = 0 , y = 0

.n

So, x = y = 0 is only one stationary point.

22 f

w

Now p = 2 =2

2x

w

22 f

q = =1

2x2y

w 22 f

r = 2 =2

©

2y

or pr - q2 = 4 - 1 = 3 > 0 and r is positive.

So, f (x, y) = d 2 is minimum at (0, 0).

Hence minimum value of d 2 at (0, 0).

d 2 = x2 + y2 + xy + 1 = 1

d = 1 or f (x, y) = 1

So, the nearest point is

z2 = 1 + xy = 1 + 0

& z =! 1

Given : y2 = 4x and x2 = 4y draw the curves from the given equations,

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

The shaded area shows the common area. Now finding the intersection points of

the curves.

y2 = 4x = 4 4y = 8 y x= 4y From second curve

Squaring both sides

y 4 = 8 # 8 # y & y (y3 - 64) = 0

in

y =4 & 0

.

Similarly put y = 0 in curve x2 = 4y

x2 = 4 # 0 = 0 & x = 0

c o

.

And Put y =4

a

x2 = 4 # 4 = 16 x = 4

So,

d

x = 4, 0

i

o

Therefore the intersection points of the curves are (0, 0) and (4, 4).

n#

So the enclosed area is given by

.

x2

A= (y1 - y2) dx

w

x1

w

2

A = # b 4x - x l dx

4

w

0 4

4 x2 4 1 4

#0 b 2 x - 4 l dx = 2 # x dx - 4 #0

©

= x2 dx

0

3 4

A = 2 :2 x3/2D - 1 :x D

4

3 0

4 3 0

3

= 4 # 43/2 - 1 # 4 = 4 # 8 - 16 = 16

3 4 3 3 3 3

Sol. 47 Option (A) is correct.

The cumulative distribution function

Z0, x#a

]

]

f (x) = [ x - a , a<x<b

b-a

]]

0, x$b

\

and density function

1 , a#x#b

f (x) = *b - a

0, a > x, x > b

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

b

Mean E (x) = / xf (x) = a +2 b

x=a

2

b b 2

Variance = / x b -1 a dx - ) / x b -1 a dx 3

2

x=a x=a

b 2 2 2 2

== x 3

- >) x

2 b

b3 - a3 - (b - a )

G

3 (b - a) a 3

2 (b - a) aH

=

3 (b - a) 4 (b - a) 2

(b - a) (b + ab + a ) (b + a) (b - a) 2

2 2 2

= -

3 (b - a) 4 (b - a) 2

4 (b2 + ab + a2) + 3 (a + b) 2 (b - a) 2

= =

12 12

(b - a) 2 (b - a)

n

Standard deviation = Variance = =

i

12 12

.

Given : b = 1, a = 0

o

So, standard deviation = 1 - 0 = 1

c

12 12

Sol. 48 Option (C) is correct.

a .

i

Taylor’s series expansion of f (x) is given by,

(x - a)

f (x) = f (a) +

1

o

f l (a) +

d(x - a) 2

2

f m (a) +

(x - a) 3

3

f lll (a) + ....

.n

f mm (a)

Then from this expansion the coefficient of (x - a) 4 is

4

Given

w a =2

w f (x) = ex

w

f l (x) = ex

f m (x) = ex

© f n (x) = ex

f mm (x) = ex

2

Hence, for a = 2 the coefficient of (x - a) 4 is e

4

Sol. 49 Option (D) is correct.

Given : xp + 3x = 0 and x (0) = 1

(D2 + 3) x = 0 D= d

dt

The auxiliary Equation is written as

m2 + 3 = 0

m =! 3 i = 0 ! 3i

Here the roots are imaginary

m1 = 0 and m2 = 3

Solution is given by

x = em t (A cos m2 t + B sin m2 t)

1

= e0 [A cos 3 t + B sin 3 t]

= [A cos 3 t + B sin 3 t] ...(i)

Given : x (0) = 1 at t = 0 , x = 1

Substituting in equation (i),

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

A =1

Differentiateing equation (i) w.r.t. t ,

xo = 3 [- A sin 3 t + B cos 3 t] ...(ii)

Given xo(0) = 0 at t = 0 , xo = 0

Substituting in equation (ii), we get

0= 3 [- A sin 0 + B cos 0]

B =0

Substituting A & B in equation (i)

x = cos 3 t

Sol. 50 Option (B) is correct.

1/3

Let f (x) = lim x - 2 0 form

x " 8 (x - 8) 0

1 -2/3

x

in

= lim 3 Applying L-Hospital rule

x"8 1

Substitute the limits, we get

o.

f (x) = 1 (8) -2/3 = 1 (23) -2/3 = 1 = 1

c

3

.

3 4 # 3 12

Sol. 51 Option (A) is correct.

In a coin probability of getting Head

i a

o d

p = 1 = No. of Possible cases

2 No. of Total cases

n

Probability of getting tail

. q = 1-1 = 1

w

2 2

So the probability of getting Heads exactly three times, when coin is tossed 4

times is

w

w P = 4C 3 (p) 3 (q) 1 = 4C 3 b 1 l b 1 l = 4 # 1 # 1 = 1

3 1

2 2 8 2 4

Sol. 52

Let,

©

Option (C) is correct.

R1 2 4V

S

A = S3 0 6W

W

SS1 1 pWW

Let the eigen values of this matrix are l1, l2 &T l3 X

Here one values is given so let l1 = 3

We know that

Sum of eigen values of matrix= Sum of the diagonal element of matrix A

l1 + l2 + l3 = 1 + 0 + p

l2 + l3 = 1 + p - l1 = 1 + p - 3 = p - 2

Sol. 53 Option (D) is correct.

We know that the divergence is defined as 4:V

Let V = (x - y) i + (y - x) j + (x + y + z) k

And 4 = c 2 i + 2 j + 2 km

2x 2y 2z

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2x 2y 2z

= 2 (x - y) + 2 (y - x) + 2 (x + y + z)

2x 2y 2z

= 1+1+1 = 3

Sol. 54 Option (A) is correct.

Given :

. i n

o

x +y =1 x +y =1

c

2 1 a b

x + 2y = 2 & x = 2 (1 - y)

a .

i

The limit of x is between 0 to x = 2 (1 - y) and y is 0 to 1,

o

= d y=1 2 (1 - y)

#y = 0 #x = 0 xydxdy =

y=1

#y = 0 x2 2 (1 - y) ydy

:2D

.n #

0

2

4 (1 - y)

y; - 0E dy

y=1

=

w #

y=0 2

y=1 y=1

w

=

y=0

2y (1 + y2 - 2y) dy = #y = 0 2 (y + y3 - 2y2) dy

w

Again Integrating and substituting the limits, we get

y 2 y 4 2y 3 1

= 2; + -

3 E0

##p xydxdy = 2 :1 + 1 - 2 - 0D

©

2 4 2 4 3

= 2:6 + 3 - 8D = 2 = 1

12 12 6

Sol. 55 Option (B) is correct.

Direction derivative of a function f along a vector P is given by

a =grad f : a

a

2f 2f 2f

grad f = c

2z m

where i+ j+ k

2x 2y

f (x, y, z) = x2 + 2y2 + z , a = 3i - 4j

3i - 4j

a = grad (x2 + 2y2 + z) :

(3) 2 + (- 4) 2

(3i - 4j) 6x - 16y

= (2xi + 4yj + k) : =

25 5

At point P (1, 1, 2) the direction derivative is

a = 6 # 1 - 16 # 1 =- 10 =- 2

5 5

Sol. 56 Option (B) is correct.

Given : 2x + 3y = 4

x+y+z = 4

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

x + 2y - z = a

It is a set of non-homogenous equation, so the augmented matrix of this system is

R V

S2 3 0 : 4W

6A : B@ = S1 1 1 : 4W

SS1 2 - 1 : aWW

TR X V

S2 3 0 : 4W

+ S 0 - 1 2 : 4W R 3 " R 3 + R2 , R2 " 2R2 - R1

SS2 3 0 : 4 + aWW

TR V X

S2 3 0 : 4W

+ S0 - 1 2 : 4W R 3 " R 3 - R1

SS0 0 0 : aWW

T X

So, for a unique solution of the system of equations, it must have the condition

r [A: B] = r [A]

So, when putting a = 0

We get r [A: B] = r [A]

Sol. 57 Option (D) is correct.

in

Here we check all the four options for unbounded condition.

.

#0 tan xdx = 8log sec x B0p/4 = 9log sec p4 - log sec 0 C

p/4

o

(A)

.

= log 2 - log 1 = log 2

c

a

1 dx = tan-1 x 3 = tan-1 3 - tan-1 (0) = p - 0 = p

6 @0

i

(B) #0 3

x2 + 1 2 2

#0 xe

d

3 -x

(C) dx

n o 3 3

.

Let #

I = #

3 -x

xe dx = x e-x dx - # :dxd (x) # e -x

dx D dx

w

0

0 0

3

w

= 6- xe @ +

# -x 3

0

e-x dx = 6- xe-x - e-x@3

0

= 6- e-x (x + 1)@3

0

w

0

=- [0 - 1] = 1

©

#0 1 -1 x dx =- #0 x -1 1 dx =-6log (x - 1)@10 -6log 0 - log (- 1)@

1 1

(D)

Both log 0 and log (–1) undefined so it is unbounded.

Let I= and f (z) = cos z

# f (z) dz z

Then I = # cos z dz = # cos z dz ...(i)

z z-0

Given that z = 1 for unit circle. From the Cauchy Integral formula

Compare equation (i) and (ii), we can say that,

a = 0 and f (z) = cos z

Or, f (a) = f (0) = cos 0 = 1

Now from equation (ii) we get

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Given y = 2 x3/2 ...(i)

3

dy 2

) b dx l + 1 3 dx

x2

We know that the length of curve is given by #x

1

...(ii)

Differentiate equation(i) w.r.t. x

dy

= 2 # 3 x 2 - 1 = x1/2 = x

3

dx 3 2

dy

Substitute the limit x1 = 0 to x2 = 1 and in equation (ii), we get

dx

_ ( x ) 2 + 1 i dx =

1 1

L = #0 #0 x + 1 dx

= :2 (x + 1) 3/2D = 1.22

1

3 0

n

Sol. 60 Option (B) is correct.

Let A =>

1 2

0 2H 1

. i

l and l2 is the eigen values of the matrix.

For eigen values characteristic matrix is,

c o

A - lI = 0

a .

i

1 2 1 0

>0 H - l>

0 1H

d

=0

2

o

(1 - l) 2

.n

=0 ...(i)

0 (2 - l)

w

(1 - l) (2 - l) = 0 & l = 1 & 2

So, Eigen vector corresponding to the l = 1 is,

w 0 2 1

>0 1H>a H = 0

w 2a + a = 0 & a = 0

©

Again for l = 2

-1 2 1

> 0 0H>b H = 0

- 1 + 2b = 0 b=1

2

Then sum of a &b & a + b = 0 + 1 = 1

2 2

Sol. 61 Option (C) is correct.

Given f (x, y) = yx

First partially differentiate the function w.r.t. y

2f

= xyx - 1

2y

Again differentiate. it w.r.t. x

22 f

= yx - 1 (1) + x ^yx - 1 log y h = yx - 1 ^x log y + 1h

2x2y

At : x = 2, y = 1

22 f

= (1) 2 - 1 (2 log 1 + 1) = 1 (2 # 0 + 1) = 1

2x2y

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Given : y m + 2yl + y = 0

2

(D + 2D + 1) y = 0 where D = d/dx

The auxiliary equation is

m2 + 2m + 1 = 0

(m + 1) 2 = 0 , m =- 1, - 1

The roots of auxiliary equation are equal and hence the general solution of the

given differential equation is,

y = (C1 + C2 x) em x = (C1 + C2 x) e-x

1

..(i)

Given y (0) = 0 at x = 0, & y = 0

Substitute in equation (i), we get

0 = (C1 + C2 # 0) e-0

0 = C1 # 1 & C1 = 0

Again y (1) = 0 , at x = 1 & y = 0

Substitute in equation (i), we get

0 = [C1 + C2 # (1)] e-1 = [C1 + C2] 1

in

e

C1 + C 2 = 0 & C 2 = 0

Substitute C1 and C2 in equation (i), we get

o.

. c

y = (0 + 0x) e-x = 0

i a

And y (0.5) = 0

d

Sol. 63 Option (B) is correct.

o

Given : y = x2 and interval [1, 5].

. n

At x=1 &y =1

And at x=5 y = (5) 2 = 25

w

Here the interval is bounded between 1 and 5

w

So, the minimum value at this interval is 1.

w

Sol. 64 Option (A) is correct

Let square matrix

© A =>

x y

y xH

The characteristic equation for the eigen values is given by

A - lI = 0

x-l y

=0

y x-l

(x - l) 2 - y2 = 0

(x - l) 2 = y2

x - l =! y

l = x!y

So, eigen values are real if matrix is real and symmetric.

Sol. 65 Option (B) is correct.

The Cauchy-Reimann equation, the necessary condition for a function f (z) to be

analytic is

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2j 2y

=

2x 2y

2j 2y 2j 2j 2y 2y

=- when , , , exist.

2y 2x 2x 2y 2y 2x

Sol. 66 Option (A) is correct.

2 2 j 2 2 j 2j 2j

Given : + 2 + + =0

2x 2 2y 2x 2y

Order is determined by the order of the highest derivative present in it.

Degree is determined by the degree of the highest order derivative present in it

after the differential equation is cleared of radicals and fractions.

So, degree = 1 and order = 2

Sol. 67 Option (B) is correct.

n

Given y = x+ x+ x + x + .......3 ...(i)

y-x = x+

. i

x + x + ....3

o

Squaring both the sides,

c

a.

(y - x) 2 = x + x + x + ......3

(y - x) 2 = y From equation (i)

di

y2 + x2 - 2xy = y ...(ii)

o

We have to find y (2), put x = 2 in equation (ii),

n

y 2 + 4 - 4y = y

.

y2 - 5y + 4 = 0

w

(y - 4) (y - 1) = 0

w

y = 1, 4

w

From Equation (i) we see that

For y (2) y = 2+ 2+ 2 + 2 + .....3 > 2

Sol. 68

©

Therefore,

Option (B) is correct.

y =4

A = 1 BC # BA = 1 (c - b) # (a - b)

2 2

= 1 [c # a - c # b - b # a + b # b]

2

= 1 [c # a + b # c + a # b] b # b = 0 and c # b =- (b # c)

2

= 1 [(a - b) # (a - c)]

2

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

dy dy

Given : = y2 or 2 = dx

dx y

Integrating both the sides

# dy

y2

= # dx

-1 = x + C ...(i)

y

Given y (0) = 1 at x=0 &y=1

Put in equation (i) for the value of C

- 1 = 0 + C &C =- 1

1

From equation (i), -1 = x - 1

y

y =- 1

x-1

For this value of y , x - 1 ! 0 or x ! 1

And x < 1 or x > 1

. in

Sol. 70 Option (A) is correct.

o

t

Let f (t) = # f (t) dt and f (0) = 0 then fl (t) = f (t)

c

0

.

We know the formula of Laplace transforms of fl (t) is

i a

L 6fl (t)@ = sL 6f ^ t h@ - f (0) = sL 6f (t)@ f (0) = 0

d

L 6f (t)@ = 1 L 6fl (t)@

s

o

Substitute the values of f (t) and fl (t), we get

n

.

L ; # f (t) dtE = 1 L 6f (t)@

t

w

0 s

L ; # f (t) dtE = 1 F (s)

t

w

or

0 s

Option (A) is correct.

w

Sol. 71

b

Interval h = 2p - 0 = p

8 4

2p

Find #0 sin xdx Here f (x) = sin x

Table for the interval of p/4 is as follows

Angle q 0 p p 3p p 5p 3p 7p 2p

4 2 4 4 2 4

f (x) = sin x 0 0.707 1 0.707 0 - 0.707 - 1 - 0.707 0

= p [0 + 2 (0.707 + 1 + 0.707 + 0 - 0.707 - 1 - 0.0707 + 0)]

2p

#0 sin xdx 8

= p #0 = 0

8

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

The X and Y be two independent random variables.

So, E (XY) = E (X) E (Y) (i)

& covariance is defined as

Cov (X, Y) = E (XY) - E (X) E (Y)

= E (X) E (Y) - E (X) E (Y) From eqn. (i)

=0

For two independent random variables

Var (X + Y) = Var (X) + Var (Y)

and E (X 2 Y 2) = E (X 2) E (Y 2)

So, option (D) is incorrect.

Sol. 73 Option (B) is correct.

n

2

i

ex - b1 + x + x l

.

2 0 form

Let, f (x) = lim

o

x"0 x 3 0

c

ex - (1 + x) 0 form

.

= lim

x"0 3x2 0

i a

x

= lim e - 1 0 form

d

x " 0 6x 0

o

x 0

= lim e = e = 1

.n

x"0 6 6 6

Sol. 74 Option (B) is correct.

w

2 1

Let, A => H

0 2

w

Let l is the eigen value of the given matrix then characteristic matrix is

w

1 0

A - lI = 0 Here I = > H = Identity matrix

0 1

©

2-l 1

=0

0 2-l

(2 - l) 2 = 0

l = 2, 2

So, only one eigen vector.

Sol. 75 Option (D) is correct.

Column I

P. Gauss-Seidel method 4. Linear algebraic equation

Q. Forward Newton-Gauss method 1. Interpolation

R. Runge-Kutta method 2. Non-linear differential equation

S. Trapezoidal Rule 3. Numerical integration

So, correct pairs are, P-4, Q-1, R-2, S-3

Sol. 76 Option (B) is correct.

dy 2

Given : + 2xy = e-x and y (0) = 1

dx

It is the first order linear differential equation so its solution is

y (I.F.) = # Q (I.F.) dx + C

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

compare with

So, I.F. = e # Pdx = e # 2xdx dy

+ P (y) = Q

x2

= e2 # xdx = e2 # 2 = ex

2

dx

The complete solution is,

# e-x # ex dx + C

2 2 2

yex =

= # dx + C = x + C

y = x +x2 c ...(i)

e

Given y (0) = 1

At x =0 &y=1

Substitute in equation (i), we get

1 =C &C=1

1

y = x +x2 1 = (x + 1) e-x

2

Then

e

in

Sol. 77 Option (C) is correct.

.

The incorrect statement is, S = {x : x ! A and x ! B} represents the union of set

o

A and set B .

c

The above symbol (!) denotes intersection of set A and set B . Therefore this

statement is incorrect.

a .

Option (D) is correct.

i

Sol. 78

Number of defective items = 20

o d

. n

Number of Non-defective items = 80

Then the probability that both items are defective, when 2 items are selected at

random is,

w

w 80

20! 20 # 19

20

C 2 C0

= ! 2! =

18 2 = 19

w

P = 100

C2 100! 100 # 99 495

98!2! 2

©

Alternate Method :

Here two items are selected without replacement.

Probability of first item being defective is

P1 = 20 = 1

100 5

After drawing one defective item from box, there are 19 defective items in the 99

remaining items.

Probability that second item is defective,

P2 = 19

899

then probability that both are defective

P = P1 # P2 = 1 # 19 = 19

5 99 495

Sol. 79 Option (A) is correct.

3 2

Given : S => H

2 3

Eigen values of this matrix is 5 and 1. We can say l1 = 1 l2 = 5

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

S 2 = S S is l12 , l22

Because. if l1, l2, l3 .... are the eigen values of A, then eigen value of Am are

l1m, lm2 , lm3 ....

Hence matrix S 2 has eigen values (1) 2 and (5) 2 & 1 and 25

Sol. 80 Option (B) is correct.

Given f (x) = (x - 8) 2/3 + 1

The equation of line normal to the function is

(y - y1) = m2 (x - x1) ...(i)

Slope of tangent at point (0, 5) is

m1 = f l (x) = :2 (x - 8) -1/3D

3 (0, 5)

n

2

m1 = f l (x) = (- 8) -1/3

=- 2 (23) - 3 =- 1

1

i

3 3 3

We know the slope of two perpendicular curves is - 1.

o.

c

m1 m2 =- 1

m2 =- 1 = - 1 = 3

m1 - 1/3

a .

The equation of line, from equation (i) is

d i

o

(y - 5) = 3 (x - 0)

n

y = 3x + 5

Sol. 81

Let #w

f (x) =

.

Option (A) is correct.

p/3

eit dt = :e D & e - e = 1 6e 3 i - 1@

it p/3 ip/3 0 p

w

0 i 0 i i i

w

= 1 9cos p + i sin p - 1C = 1 ;1 + i 3 - 1E = 1 ;- 1 + 3 iE

i 3 3 i 2 2 i 2 2

© = 1 # i ;- 1 + 3 iE =- i ;- 1 + 3 iE

i i 2 2 2 2

= i ; 1 - 3 iE = 1 i - 3 i 2 = 3 + 1 i

i2 =- 1

2 2 2 2 2 2

Sol. 82 Option (B) is correct.

2

Given f (x) = 2x2 - 7x + 3

5x - 12x - 9

2

Then lim f (x) = lim 2x2 - 7x + 3

x"3 x " 3 5x - 12x - 9

x " 3 10x - 12

lim f (x) = 4 # 3 - 7 = 12 - 7 = 5

x"3 10 # 3 - 12 30 - 12 18

Sol. 83 Option (A) is correct.

(P) Singular Matrix " Determinant is zero A = 0

(Q) Non-square matrix " An m # n matrix for which m ! n , is called non-

square matrix. Its determinant is not defined

(R) Real Symmetric Matrix " Eigen values are always real.

(S) Orthogonal Matrix " A square matrix A is said to be orthogonal if AAT = I

Its determinant is always one.

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

d 2y dy 2x

Given : 2 + 4 dx + 3y = 3e

dx

[D2 + 4D + 3] y = 3e2x d =D

dx

The auxiliary Equation is,

m2 + 4m + 3 = 0 & m =- 1, - 3

Then C.F. = C1 e-x + C2 e-3x

2x

P.I. = 2 3e = 3e2x Put D = 2

D + 4D + 3 (D + 1) (D + 3)

= 3e2x 2x

= 3e = e

2x

(2 + 1) (2 + 3) 3 # 5 5

Sol. 85 Option (C) is correct.

Given EF = G where G = I = Identity matrix

Rcos q - sin q 0V R1 0 0V

S W S W

S sin q cos q 0W # F = S0 1 0W

SS 0 0 1WW SS0 0 1WW

in

T X T X

We know that the multiplication of a matrix and its inverse be a identity matrix

AA-1 = I

So, we can say that F is the inverse matrix of E

o.

F = E -1 =

[adj.E]

. c

a

E

i

Rcos q - (sin q) 0VT R cos q sin q 0V

d

S W S W

adjE = S sin q cos q 0W = S- sin q cos q 0W

.

T X T X

E = 6cos q # (cos q - 0)@ - 8^- sin qh # ^sin q - 0hB + 0

w

= cos2 q + sin2 q = 1

R cos q sin q 0V

w

6adj.E @ S W

Hence, F = = S- sin q cos q 0W

w

E SS 0 0 1WW

Sol. 86 Option (B) is correct. T X

©

The probability density function is,

1+t for - 1 # t # 0

f (t) = )

1-t for 0 # t # 1

For standard deviation first we have to find the mean and variance of the function.

0 1

Mean (t ) = #-13t f (t) dt = #-1 t (1 + t) dt + #0 t (1 - t) dt

0 1

= #-1 (t + t2) dt + #0 (t - t2) dt

2 3 0 2 3 1

= :t + t D + :t - t D = :- 1 + 1 D + :1 - 1 D = 0

2 3 -1 2 3 0 2 3 2 3

And variance ^s2h = #- 33 (t - t ) 2 f (t) dt t=0

0 1

= #-1 t2 (1 + t) dt + #0 t2 (1 - t) dt

0 1

= #-1 (t2 + t3) dt + #0 (t2 - t3) dt

3 4 0 3 4 1

= :t + t D + :t - t D

3 4 -1 3 4 0

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

=-:- 1 + 1 D + :1 - 1 - 0D = 1 + 1 = 1

3 4 3 4 12 12 6

Now, standard deviation

(s2) s = 1 = 1

6 6

Sol. 87 Option (A) is correct.

The Stokes theorem is,

#C F : dr ##S (4 # F) : ndS = ##S (Curl F) : dS

=

Here we can see that the line integral # F : dr and surface integral ## (Curl F) : ds

C S

is related to the stokes theorem.

Sol. 88 Option (B) is correct.

Let, P = defective items

Q = non-defective items

. i

10% items are defective, then probability of defective items n

P = 0.1

c o

.

Probability of non-defective item

a

Q = 1 - 0.1 = 0.9

d i

The Probability that exactly 2 of the chosen items are defective is

o

= 10 C2 (P) 2 (Q) 8 = 10! (0.1) 2 (0.9) 8

8!2!

.n

= 45 # (0.1) 2 # (0.9) 8 = 0.1937

w #

Sol. 89 Option (A) is correct.

w

a

Let f (x) = (sin6 x + sin7 x) dx

-a

w

a a

= #-a sin6 xdx + #-a sin7 xdx

©

We know that

0 when f (- x) =- f (x); odd function

=* a

a

#-a f (x) dx 2 # f (x) when f (- x) = f (x); even function

0

Now, here sin x is an even function and sin7 x is an odd function. Then,

6

a a

f (x) = 2 # sin6 xdx + 0 = 2 # sin6 xdx

0 0

We know, from the Echelon form the rank of any matrix is equal to the Number

of non zero rows.

Here order of matrix is 3 # 4 , then, we can say that the Highest possible rank of

this matrix is 3.

Sol. 91 Option (A) is correct.

8 2

Given I = #0 #p/4 f (x, y) dydx

We can draw the graph from the limits of the integration, the limit of y is from

y = x to y = 2 . For x the limit is x = 0 to x = 8

4

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Here we change the order of the integration. The limit of x is 0 to 8 but we have

to find the limits in the form of y then x = 0 to x = 4y and limit of y is 0 to 2

8 2 2 4y s q

So #0 #x/4 f (x, y) dydx = #0 #0 f (x, y) dxdy = #r #p f (x, y) dxdy

Comparing the limits and get

r = 0 , s = 2 , p = 0 , q = 4y

Sol. 92 Option (A) is correct.

R V

S5 0 0 0W

in

S0 5 0 0W

.

Let, A =S W

S0 0 2 1W

o

S0 0 3 1W

c

T X

.

The characteristic equation for eigen values is given by,

a

A - lI = 0

d

5-l 0 0

i

0

o

0 5-l 0 0

A= =0

n

0 0 2-l 1

.

0 0 3 1-l

w

Solving this, we get

w

(5 - l) (5 - l) [(2 - l) (1 - l) - 3] = 0

w

(5 - l) 2 [2 - 3l + l2 - 3] = 0

(5 - l) 2 (l2 - 3l - 1) = 0

©

So, (5 - l) 2 = 0 & l = 5 , 5 and l2 - 3l - 1 = 0

- (- 3) ! 9 + 4

l = = 3 + 13 , 3 - 13

2 2 2

The eigen values are l = 5 , 5, 3 + 13 , 3 - 13

2 2

R V

Sx1W

Sx2W

Let X1 = S W

Sx 3W

Sx 4W

T X

be the eigen vector for the eigen value l = 5

Then, (A - lI ) X1 = 0

(A - 5I ) X1 = 0

R VR V

S0 0 0 0WSx1W

S0 0 0 0WSx2W

S0 0 - 3 1WSx W = 0

S WS 3W

S0 0 3 - 4WSx 4W

T XT X

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

or - 3x 3 + x 4 = 0

3x 3 - 4x 4 = 0

This implies that x 3 = 0 , x 4 = 0

Let x1 = k1 and x2 = k2

R V

Sk1W

Sk2W

So, eigen vector, X1 = S W where k1 , k2 e R

S0W

S0W

T X

Sol. 93 Option (C) is correct.

Given : x+y = 2 ...(i)

1.01x + 0.99y = b , db = 1 unit ...(ii)

We have to find the change in x in the solution of the system. So reduce y From

the equation (i) and (ii).

. i n

Multiply equation (i) by 0.99 and subtract from equation (ii)

o

1.01x + 0.99y - (0.99x + 0.99y) = b - 1.98

c

.

1.01x - 0.99x = b - 1.98

i a

0.02x = b - 1.98

d

Differentiating both the sides, we get

o

0.02dx = db

.n

dx = 1 = 50 unit db = 1

0.02

w

Sol. 94 Option (A) is correct.

Given, x (u, v) = uv

w dx = v , dx = u

w

du dv

And y (u, v) = v

©

u

2y 2y

=- v2 =1

2u u 2v u

We know that,

R2x 2x VW

S

2u 2v W

f (u, v) = S2y 2y W

S

S2u 2v W

T v u X

f (u, v) = >- 2v 1 H = v # 1 - u # - v = v + v = 2v

a u2 k

u u u u u u

Sol. 95 Option (D) is correct.

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Let, Radius of cone = R

Height of the cone = H

Finding the relation between the volume and Height of the cone

From DOBD , OB 2 = OD 2 + BD 2

1 = (H - 1) 2 + R2 = H 2 + 1 - 2H + R2

R2 + H 2 - 2H = 0

R2 = 2H - H 2 ...(i)

Volume of the cone, V = 1 pR 2 H

3

2

Substitute the value of R from equation (i), we get

V = 1 p (2H - H 2) H = 1 p (2H 2 - H 3)

3 3

Differentiate V w.r.t to H

dV = 1 p [4H - 3H 2]

dH 3

in

d 2 V = 1 p [4 - 6H]

.

Again differentiate

dH 2 3

o

For minimum and maximum value, using the principal of minima and maxima.

c

Put dV = 0

.

dH

a

1 p [4H - 3H 2] = 0

i

3

o d

H [4 - 3H] = 0 & H = 0 and H = 4

3

n

At H = 4 , d 2 V = 1 p 4 - 6 4 = 1 p [4 - 8] =- 4 p < 0 (Maxima)

.

3 dH 2 3 : # 3D 3 3

w

And at H = 0 , d 2 V = 1 p [4 - 0] = 4 p > 0 (Minima)

dH 2 3 3

w

So, for the largest volume of cone, the value of H should be 4/3

Sol. 96

w

Option (D) is correct.

©

dy 2 ln (x)

Given : x2 + 2xy =

dx x

dy 2y 2 ln (x)

+ =

dx x x3

dy

Comparing this equation with the differential equation + P (y) = Q we

dx

2 ln (x)

have P = 2 and Q =

x x3

The integrating factor is,

2

I.F.= e # Pdx = e # x dx

2

e2 lnx = e lnx = x2

Complete solution is written as,

y (I.F.) = # Q (I.F.) dx + C

x

y (x2) = # 2 ln

x3

2

# x dx + C = 2 # ln x # 1 dx + C

x

...(i)

(II) (I)

Integrating the value # ln x # x1 dx Separately

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Let, I = # ln x # x1 dx ...(ii)

(I) (II)

= ln x # 1 dx - d (ln x) 1

x # &dx # # x dx 0 dx

1 4 44 2

I

4 44 3

2I = (ln x) 2

(ln x) 2

or I = ...(iii)

2

Substitute the value from equation (iii) in equation (i),

2 (ln x) 2

y (x2) = +C

2

x2 y = (ln x) 2 + C ...(iv)

Given y (1) = 0 , means at x = 1 &y = 0

. i n

o

then 0 = (ln 1) 2 + C & C = 0

. c

So from equation (iv), we get

a

x2 y = (ln x) 2

Now at x = e , y (e) =

(ln e) 2

d e2 i

= 12

e

o

Sol. 97 Option (A) is correct.

.n

Potential function of v = x2 yz at P (1, 1, 1) is = 12 # 1 # 1 = 1 and at origin

O (0, 0, 0) is 0.

w

Thus the integral of vector function from origin to the point (1, 1, 1) is

w

= 6x2 yz @ P - 6x2 yz @O

w

= 1-0 = 1

©

Sol. 98 Option (C) is correct.

Let, f (x) = x3 + 3x - 7

From the Newton Rapson’s method

f (xn)

xn + 1 = xn - ...(i)

f l (xn)

We have to find the value of x1 , so put n = 0 in equation (i),

f (x 0)

x1 = x 0 -

f l (x 0)

f (x) = x3 + 3x - 7

f (x 0) = 13 + 3 # 1 - 7 = 1 + 3 - 7 =- 3 x0 = 1

f l (x) = 3x2 + 3

f l (x 0) = 3 # (1) 2 + 3 = 6

(- 3)

Then, x1 = 1 - = 1 + 3 = 1 + 1 = 3 = 1.5

6 6 2 2

Sol. 99 Option (D) is correct.

We know a die has 6 faces and 6 numbers so the total number of ways

= 6 # 6 = 36

And total ways in which sum is either 8 or 9 is 9, i.e.

(2, 6), (3, 6) (3, 5) (4, 4) (4, 5) (5, 4) (5, 3) (6, 2) (6, 3)

Total number of tosses when both the 8 or 9 numbers are not come

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

= 36 - 9 = 27

Then probability of not coming sum 8 or 9 is, = 27 = 3

36 4

Sol. 100 Option (C) is correct.

d 2y dy

Given : + p + qy = 0

dx2 dx

The solution of this equation is given by,

y = c1 emx + c2 enx ...(i)

Here m & n are the roots of ordinary differential equation

Given solution is, y = c1 e-x + c2 e-3x ...(ii)

Comparing equation (i) and (ii), we get m =- 1 and n =- 3

Sum of roots, m + n =- p

- 1 - 3 =- p & p = 4

and product of roots, mn = q

(- 1) (- 3) = q & q = 3

in

Sol. 101 Option (C) is correct.

.

d 2y dy

+ p + (q + 1) y = 0

o

Given :

dx2 dx

. c

[D2 + pD + (q + 1)] y = 0 d =D

dx

a

From the previous question, put p = 4 and m = 3

[D2 + 4D + 4] y = 0

d i

The auxilliary equation of equation (i) is written as

...(i)

n o

m2 + 4m + 4 = 0 & m =- 2, - 2

.

Here the roots of auxiliary equation are same then the solution is

w

Let c1 = 0

y = (c1 + c2 x) emx = xe-2x e o

w

c2 = 1

Sol. 102 Option (C) is correct.

w

Given : x = a (q + sin q), y = a (1 - cos q)

First differentiate x w.r.t. q,

© dx = a [1 + cos q]

dq

And differentiate y w.r.t. q

dy

= a [0 - (- sin q)] = a sin q

dq

We know,

dy

=

dy dq = dy/dq

dx dq # dx dx/dq

dy

Substitute the values of and dx

dq dq

dy 2 sin q2 cos q2

= a sin q # 1 = sin q =

dx a [1 + cos q] 1 + cos q 2 cos2 q2

q

sin 2

= = tan q cos q + 1 = 2 cos2 q

cos q2 2 2

Sol. 103 Option (C) is correct.

Given : P (0.866, 0.500, 0), so we can write

P = 0.866i + 0.5j + 0k

Q = (0.259, 0.966, 0), so we can write

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Q = 0.259i + 0.966j + 0k

For the coplanar vectors

P : Q = P Q cos q

P:Q

cos q =

P Q

P : Q = (0.866i + 0.5j + 0k) : (0.259i + 0.966j + 0k)

= 0.866 # 0.259 + 0.5 # 0.966

(0.866) 2 + (0.5) 2 + (0.259) 2 + (0.966) 2

= 0.22429 + 0.483 = 0.70729 = 0.707

0.99 # 1.001 0.99 # 1.001

q = cos-1 (0.707) = 45c

Sol. 104 Option (B) is correct.

i n

R1 2 3V

.

S W

Let A = S1 5 1W

o

SS3 1 1WW

c

We know that the sum of the Teigen valueX of a matrix is equal to the sum of the

diagonal elements of the matrix

a .

i

So, the sum of eigen values is,

d

1+5+1 = 7

Sol. 105 Option (D) is correct.

o

.n

Given : Total number of cards = 52 and two cards are drawn at random.

Number of kings in playing cards = 4

w

So the probability that both cards will be king is given by,

w P = 52C1 # 51C1 = 4 # 3 = 1

n

4 3

n

Cr =

w

C1 C1 52 51 221 r n-r

Sol. 106 Option (B) is correct.

©

Given : U (t - a) = *

0,

1,

for t < a

for t $ a

From the definition of Laplace Transform

L 6U (t - a)@ = #0 3e-st U (t - a) dt

a -st

= #0 e (0) + #a 3e-st (1) dt = 0 + #a 3e-st dt

-st 3 -as -as

L 6U (t - a)@ = :e D = 0 - :e D = e

-s a -s s

Sol. 107 Option (D) is correct.

First we have to make the table from the given data

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Take x 0 = 0 and h = 1

Then P = x - x0 = x

h

From Newton’s forward Formula

P (P - 1) 2 P (P - 1) (P - 2) 3

f (x) = f (x 0) + P Df (0) + D f (0) + D f (0)

1 2 3

x (x - 1) 2 x (x - 1) (x - 2) 3

= f (0) + xDf (0) + D f (0) + D f (0)

2 6

x (x - 1) x (x - 1) (x - 2)

= 1 + x (1) + (- 2) + (12)

2 6

= 1 + x - x (x - 1) + 2x (x - 1) (x - 2)

f (x) = 2x3 - 7x2 + 6x + 1

Sol. 108 Option (A) is correct.

2p p/3 1

Given : V = #0 #0 #0 r2 sin fdrdfdq

. in

2p p/3

r3 1 2p p/3

1 sin fdfdq

V = #0 #0 : 3 D sin fdfdq = #0 #0 3

o

0

c

Integrating the term of f, we have

V =1 #0

2p

6- cos f@0 dq

p/3

a .

i

3

d

=- 1

2p p 1 2p 1

#0 9cos 3 - cos 0C dq =- 3 #0 :2 - 1D dq

o

3

n

=- 1 #0 b- 12 ldq =- 13 # b- 12 l #0 dq

2p 2p

.

3

w

Now, integrating the term of q, we have

w

V = 1 6q@ 20p = 1 [2p - 0] = p

6 6 3

Sol. 109

w

Option (A) is correct.

R8 0VW

©

S x

Let, A =S 4 0 2W

SS12 6 0WW

T X

For singularity of the matrix A = 0

8 x 0

4 0 2 =0

12 6 0

8 [0 - 2 # 6] - x [0 - 24] + 0 [24 - 0] = 0

8 # (- 12) + 24x = 0

- 96 + 24x = 0 & x = 96 = 4

24

Sol. 110 Option (A) is correct

2 2

Let, f (x) = lim sin x = lim sin x # x

x"0 x x"0 x x

= lim b sin x l # x lim sin x = 1

2

x"0 x x"0 x

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

= (1) 2 # 0 = 0

Alternative :

2

Let f (x) = lim sin x 0

: 0 formD

x"0 x

f (x) = lim 2 sin x cos x Apply L-Hospital rule

x"0 1

= lim sin 2x = sin 0 = 0

x"0 1 1

Sol. 111 Option (D) is correct.

Accuracy of Simpson’s rule quadrature is O (h5).

Sol. 112 Option (C) is correct.

4 1

A =>

1 4H

Let,

n

The characteristic equation for the eigen value is given by,

. i

1 0

I = Identity matrix >

0 1H

A - lI = 0

4 1 1 0

>1 4H - l >0 1H = 0

c o

a .

i

4-l 1

=0

d

1 4-l

o

(4 - l) (4 - l) - 1 = 0

.n

2

(4 - l) - 1 = 0

w

l2 - 8l + 15 = 0

Solving above equation, we get

w l = 5, 3

Sol. 113

w

Option (C) is correct.

©

Given : x + 2y + z = 6

2x + y + 2z = 6

x+y+z = 5

Comparing to Ax = B ,we get

R1 2 1VW R6V

S S W

A = S2 1 2W, B = S6W

SS1 1 1WW SS5WW

T X T X

Write the system of simultaneous equations in the form of Augmented matrix,

R1 2 1 : 6V

S W

6A: B@ = S2 1 2 : 6W R2 " R2 - 2R1 and R 3 " 2R 3 - R2

SS1 1 1 : 5WW

TR1 2 1 : X6V

S W

+ S0 - 3 0 : - 6W R 3 " 3R 3 + R2

SS0 1 0 : 4WW

RT1 2 1 : 6VX

S W

+ S0 - 3 0 : - 6W

SS0 0 0 : 6WW

T X

It is a echelon form of matrix.

Since r 6A@ = 2 and r 5A: B? = 3

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

r [A] ! r [A: B ]

So, the system has no solution and system is inconsistent.

Sol. 114 Option (B) is correct.

Given : y = x2 and y = x .

The shaded area shows the area, which is bounded by the both curves.

in

In y = x2 putting y = x we have x = x2 or x2 - x = 0 which gives x = 0, 1

.

Then from y = x we can see that curve y = x2 and y = x intersects at point (0, 0)

# o

and (1, 1). So, the area bounded by both the curves is

c

2 2

x=1 y=x x=1 y=x x=1

a.

A= # # dydx = # #

dx dy = dx 6y @xx

2

i

x=0 y=x x=0 y=x x=0

d

x=1

3 2 1

= # (x 2

- x) = :x - x D = 1 - 1 =- 1 = 1 unit2

o

3 2 0 3 2 6 6

x=0

n

Area is never negative

Sol. 115

.

Option (A) is correct.

wdy

+ y2 = 0

w

dx

dy

w

=- y2

dx

©

dy

- 2 = dx

y

Integrating both the sides, we have

dy

- # 2 = # dx

y

y-1 = x + c & y = 1

x+c

Sol. 116 Option (C) is correct.

Given : F = xi - yj

First Check divergency, for divergence,

Grade F = 4:F = ; 2 i + 2 j + 2 k E:6xi - yj @

2x 2y 2z

= 1-1 = 0

Now checking the irrationalit;. For irritation the curl F = 0

Curl F = 4# F = ; 2 i + 2 j + 2 k E # [xi - yj]

2x 2y 2z

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

R V

Si j kW

= S2 2 2 W = i [0 - 0] - j [0 - 0] + k [0 - 0] = 0

S2x 2y 2z W

Sx -y 0W

T X

So, vector field is irrotational. We can say that the vector field is divergence free

and irrotational.

Sol. 117 Option (B) is correct.

Let f (t) = sin wt

From the definition of Laplace transformation

L [F (t)] = #0 3e-st f (t) dt = #0 3e-st sin wtdt

iwt

- e-iwt dt

= #0 3e-st b e 2i l

n

iwt -iwt

sin wt = e - e = 1 # (e-st eiwt - e-st e-iwt) dt

3

i

2i 2i 0

o.

= 1 # 6e(- s + iw) t - e- (s + iw) t@ dt

2i 0

3

c

a.

Integrating above equation, we get

(- s + iw) t - (s + iw) t

di

3

sin wt = 1 = e - e

2i - s + iw - (s + iw)G

0

o

(- s + iw) t - (s + iw) t 3

= 1 =e +e

2i - s + iw (s + iw)G

. n

0

Substitute the limits, we get

w

-0

sin wt = 1 =0 + 0 - e e0 + e

2i (- s + iw) s + iw oG

w =- 1 ; s + iw + iw - s E

2i (- s + iw) (s + iw)

w =- 1 # 2iw = -w = 2w 2

©

2i (iw) 2 - s 2 - w2 - s 2 w +s

Alternative :

From the definition of Laplace transformation

L [F (t)] = #0 3e-st sin wtdt

eat a sin bt - b cos bt a =- s and

a + b2 6 @

We know # eat sin btdt = 2 e o

b=w

-st

L [sin wt] = ; 2e 2 ^- s sin wt - w cos wt hE

3

Then,

s +w 0

-3 -0

= ; 2e 2 (- s sin 3 - w cos 3)E - ; 2 e 2 (- s sin 0 - w cos 0)E

s +w s +w

= 0 - 2 1 2 [0 - w] =- 2 1 2 (- w)

s +w s +w

L [sin wt] = 2 w

s + w2

Sol. 118 Option (D) is correct.

Given : black balls = 5, Red balls = 5, Total balls=10

Here, two balls are picked from the box randomly one after the other without

replacement. So the probability of both the balls are red is

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

5

5! 5!

C 0 # C2

# 3!2! n

= 1 # 10 = 10 = 2 n Cr =

5

P = = 0 ! # 5 !

10

C2 10! 45 45 9 r n-r

3!2!

Alternate Method :

Given : Black balls = 5 ,

Red balls = 5

Total balls = 10

The probability of drawing a red bell,

P1 = 5 = 1

10 2

If ball is not replaced, then box contains 9 balls.

So, probability of drawing the next red ball from the box.

P2 = 4

9

Hence, probability for both the balls being red is,

P = P1 # P2 = 1 # 4 = 2

in

2 9 9

.

Sol. 119 Option (A) is correct.

o

We know that a dice has 6 faces and 6 numbers so the total number of cases

. c

(outcomes) = 6 # 6 = 36

a

And total ways in which sum of the numbers on the dices is eight,

i

(2, 6) (3, 5) (4, 4) (5, 3) (6, 2)

d

So, the probability that the sum of the numbers eight is,

n op = 5

36

Option (D) is correct.

.

Sol. 120

w

We have to draw the graph on x -y axis from the given functions.

w

w

©

-x x #- 1

f (x) = * 0 x=0

x x$1

It clearly shows that f (x) is differential at x =- 1, x = 0 and x = 1,

i.e. in the domain [- 1, 1].

So, (a), (b) and (c) are differential and f (x) is maximum at (x, - x).

Sol. 121 Option (B) is correct.

If the scatter diagram indicates some relationship between two variables X and

Y , then the dots of the scatter diagram will be concentrated round a curve. This

curve is called the curve of regression.

Regression analysis is used for estimating the unknown values of one variable

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Sol. 122 Option (B) is correct.

Given : 3x + 2y + z = 4

x-y+z = 2

- 2x + 2z = 5

The Augmented matrix of the given system of equation is

R 3 2 1 : 4V

S W

6A : B@ = S 1 - 1 1 : 2W R 3 " R 3 + 2R2 , R2 " R2 - R1

SS- 2 0 2 : 5WW

TR XV

S 3 2 1 : 4W

+ S- 2 - 3 0 : - 2W

SS 0 - 2 4 : 9WW

Here r 6A : B@ = r 6A@ = 3T = n (number of unknown)

n

X

.

Then the system of equation has a unique solution.

i

o

Sol. 123 Option (B) is correct.

. c

Given : f (x, y) = 2x2 + 2xy - y3

a

Partially differentiate this function w.r.t x and y ,

2f

2x

d i

= 4x + 2y ,

2f

2y

= 2x - 3y2

o

For the stationary point of the function, put 2f/2x and 2f/2y equal to zero.

.n

2f

= 4x + 2y = 0 & 2x + y = 0 ...(i)

2x

and

w 2f

= 2x - 3y2 = 0 & 2x - 3y2 = 0 ...(ii)

w

2y

From equation (i), y =- 2x substitute in equation (ii),

w 2x - 3 (- 2x) 2 = 0

©

2x - 3 # 4x2 = 0

6x2 - x = 0 & x = 0 , 1

6

From equation (i),

For x = 0 , y =- 2 # (0) = 0

and for x = 1 , y =- 2 # 1 =- 1

6 6 3

So, two stationary point at (0, 0) and b 1 , - 1 l

6 3

Sol. 124 Option (B) is correct.

Sample space = (1, 1), (1, 2) ... (1, 8)

(2, 1), (2, 2) f (2, 8)

(3, 1), (3, 2) f (3, 8)

h h h h

(8, 1), (8, 2) f (8, 8)

Total number of sample space = 8 # 8 = 64

Now, the favourable cases when Manish will arrive late at D

= (6, 8), (8, 6)...(8, 8)

Total number of favourable cases = 13

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Totol number of sample space

= 13

64

Sol. 125 Option (B) is correct.

Divergence is defined as d:r

where r = xi + yj + zk

and d= 2 i+ 2 j+ 2 k

2x 2y 2z

So, d:r = c 2 i + 2 j + 2 k m:(xi + yj + zk)

2x 2y 2z

d:r = 1 + 1 + 1 = 3

Sol. 126 Option (B) is correct.

Given : x+y = 2

2x + 2y = 5

The Augmented matrix of the given system of equations is

1 1 : 2

6A : B@ = >2 2 : 5H

Applying row operation, R2 " R2 - 2R1

. in

1 1 : 2

6A : B@ = >0 0 : 1H

c o

a

r [A] = 1 ! r 6A : B@ = 2 .

So, the system has no solution.

d i

o

Sol. 127 Option (D) is correct.

Given :

. n

f (x) = x

x if x > 0

w f (x) = * 0 if x = 0

w -x if x < 0

w

f (0 - h) - f (0) - (- h)

Lf l (x) = lim = lim - 0 =- 1

h"0 -h h"0 -h

Since

© Rf l (x) = lim

h"0

f (0 + h) - f (0)

h

= lim h - 0 = 1

h"0 h

The surface integral of the normal component of a vector function F taken

around a closed surface S is equal to the integral of the divergence of F taken

over the volume V enclosed by the surface S .

Mathematically ## F:n dS

S

= ### div Fdv

V

So, Gauss divergence theorem relates surface integrals to volume integrals.

Sol. 129 Option (A) is correct.

3

Given : f (x) = x - x f l (x) = x2 - 1

3

f m (x) = 2x

Using the principle of maxima – minima and put f l (x) = 0

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

x2 - 1 = 0 & x = ! 1

Hence at x =- 1, f m (x) =- 2 < 0 (Maxima)

at x = 1, f m (x) = 2 > 0 (Minima)

So, f (x) is minimum at x = 1

Sol. 130 Option (B) is correct.

Ra V

S 1W

Let A = Sb1W, B = 8a2 b2 c2B

SSc WW

1

T X

C = AB

Ra V Ra a a b a c V

S 1W S1 2 1 2 1 2W

Let = Sb1W # 8a2 b2 c2B = Sb1 a2 b1 b2 b1 c2W

SSc WW SSc a c b c c WW

1 1 2 1 2 1 2

T X X also zero. So

T 2 # 2 minors are

n

The 3 # 3 minor of this matrix is zero and all the

. i

the rank of this matrix is 1.

r 6C @ = 1

c o

.

Sol. 131 Option (D) is correct.

In a coin probability of getting head p = 1 and probability of getting tail,

i a

2

q = 1-1 = 1

d

2 2

o

When unbiased coin is tossed three times, then total possibilities are

.n

H H H

H H T

H T H

w

w

T H H

w

H T T

T T H

©

T H T

T T T

From these cases, there are three cases, when head comes exactly two times.

So, the probability of getting head exactly two times, when coin is tossed 3 times

is,

P = 3C2 (p) 2 (q) 1 = 3 # b 1 l # 1 = 3

2

2 2 8

***********

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