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GRACE MISSION COLLEGE

Catiningan, Socorro, Oriental Mindoro

SUBJECT: Mathematics 9
QUARTER: III
Period: 2 weeks

STAGE I
A. Content Standard
- The learner demonstrates understanding of key concepts of
parallelograms and triangle similarity.

B. Performance Standard
- The learner is able to investigate, analyze, and solve problems involving
parallelograms and triangle similarity through appropriate and
accurate representation.

C. Essential Understanding
- Students will understand that the concepts of parallelograms and
triangle similarity can help to investigate, analyze, and solve problems
proportion and similarity through appropriate and accurate
representation.

D. Essential Questions:
 How real life problems involving the concept of proportion and similarity
be solved?
 Why do we need to apply the fundamental theorems of proportionality to
solve problems involving proportions?
 How do we illustrate similarity of figures?

E. Transfer Goal

The students on their own understanding will be able to make


recommendations through a mathematical model involving proportion and
similarity which can use to investigate, analyze and solve problems in
appropriate and accurate representation of real life situations.
-
F. Competencies
 Describes a proportion
 Applies the fundamental theorems of proportionality to solve problems
involving proportions
 Illustrate similarity of figures.
STAGE II
PRE-ASSESSMENT

Read the following carefully. Choose the letter of the correct answer.

1. What do you call to a relation between two quantities of the same unit
expressed as a fraction?
A. Ratio B. Proportion C. Segment

2. Which of the following uses the symbol ~ ?


A. Equality B. Similarity C. Congruence

3. Which of the following best define a proportion?


A. It compares two or more quantities with different units
B. It compares two or more quantities with the same units
C. It has an equality of ratios

4. Which of the following best describes a proportion?


A. w/x = y/z , then y/w=x/z
B. w:x = y:z , then w/x = y/z
C. w/x=y/z ,then x/w = y/z

5. If m:n = 4:3 , find 3m-2n: 3m+n.


A. 2:4 B. 2:5 C. 2:6

6. Two segments are divided proportionally . If the ratio of the two parts of the
first segment is 3:5 , what is the length of the longer part of the second segment
if the shorter part measures 21 cm?
A. 30 cm B. 33 cm C. 35 cm

7. I played a game many times. I won 35% of the times I played it. What is my
ratio wins to losses of this game?

A.35 : 65 equals 7 : 13
B. 35 : 100 equals 7:10
C. 35 : 65 equals 13:7

8. If 7 pieces of tiles can fit in 2m2 of kitchen floor , how many pieces of these tiles
are needed to cover a 20 m2 floor?
A. 70 B. 71 C. 72

9. In one of the promotions of a car company, a model car is built with the scale
of 1:16. If the model is 15.5 inches long, what is the length of the actual car?
A. 250 inches B. 248 inches C. 247 inches
10. Given : HAF ~ MUN and HF/MN = 3/2, find MU if HA = 9.
A. 3 B. 5 C. 8

POST ASSESSMENT
Knowledge 15 %
I. Define and describe proportion similar figures by filling up the organizer below.
(8pts.)

PROPORTION Similar figures

Process 25 %
II. A.Solve the following by using the appropriate fundamental theorems. (12pts.)
1.Using figure 1.1 , AB ⁄⁄ CD. Find x.
x E
C 15 A
8

B
10

D
2. In figure 1.2, AB ⁄⁄ CD , find BD if EA + AC = 45, AC =25, and EB + BD =54

A B

C D
3.A boy has 40 red and blue pencils in his pencil case. If the ratio of red to blue
pencils is 0.15 : 0.35, how many blue pencils does he have?

Understanding 30 %
III. Answer the following questions comprehensively. ( 5pts each )
1. How real life problems involving the concept of proportion and similarity be
solved?
2. Why do we need to apply fundamental theorems of proportionality on solving
real life problems?
3. How do we illustrate similarity of figures?

Product 30%

You are working temporarily on a Mega World Company. One of your client asked
you to investigate his house that is under construction. The kitchen area of the
house measures about 10 m by 14 m. The client ordered 2,409 granite tiles
with its side measures 8 inches enough for the said area. Unfortunately , his
neighboring land owner complains that the construction consumed a part of his
land which is about 2 meters. As an engineer, you are going to measure the
excess land and new kitchen area, analyze the excess tiles to return on the
hardware, and compute the total no. of granite tiles to be used on the new
kitchen area. You have to make a proposal with its recommendations through
the use of multimedia presentation. It is evaluated by your client according to its
mathematical reasoning, accuracy of mathematical ideas and presentation.

CRITERIA Outstanding Satisfactory Developing Beginning


4 3 2 1
Mathematical Explanation Explanation Explanation Explanation
Reasoning shows thorough shows shows gaps in shows illogical
reasoning and substantial reasoning. reasoning.
insightful reasoning.
justifications.
Accuracy of All All The The
Mathematical computations computations computations computations
Ideas are accurate and are accurate and are erroneous are erroneous
show wise use of use key and show some and do not show
the key concepts concepts of use of the key the use of the
of parallelograms concepts of key concepts of
parallelograms and triangle parallelograms parallelograms
and triangle similarity. and triangle and triangle
similarity. similarity. similarity.
Presentation The presentation The presentation The presentation The presentation
uses appropriate uses appropriate uses some visual does not use any
and creative visual materials. materials. It is visual materials.
visual materials. It is delivered in delivered in a It is delivered in
it is delivered in a clear manner. disorganize a clear manner.
a very manner.
convincing
manner
Stage III
Explore
Topic: Proportion and Similarity

Objectives:

 I can describe proportion.

 I can illustrate similarity of figures.

 I can apply the fundamental theorems of proportionality to solve problems


involving proportions.

 I can develop camaraderie among the students in doing the different


activities.

 I can appreciate the value of proportion in daily life

Activity 1: IRF-Sheet

Students will write their initial ideas about proportion and similarity under the
Initial Column.

Initial Revise Final


What are your initial Do not answer Do not answer
ideas?

Activity 2: Compare Mo Si Ako Game

Students will divided into four groups and each team will collaboratively compare
the following :

 No. of girls and boys in your group

 No. of girls with ponytail and without ponytail

 No. of peso coins and five peso coins

 No. of active members and inactive members in your group

 No. of student who likes Math and no. of student who likes Science
Activity 3: Fair Corners

Students with their same group will move to their respective corners inside the
classroom . They will be given 3 mins. to analyze and fill up the table given to
them. The first group who will finish first will get 50 pts. Representative from each
group will explain their answers on the class.

Corner Ratio or Rates Proportional Quantities


A
B
C
D

Process Questions:

1. What are list of all ratios you have formed?

2. How can you describe a proportion?

3. How do proportions formed?

4. How will you write a proportion?

5. How will you check if the ratio are equal?

Activity 4 : Think- Pair- Share

The teacher will shows a video clip about similar figures. The teacher will post
process questions about the video. Students will think their answer then choose
their partner to discuss their insights. After that, the teacher will call students to
share their answers.

Retrieved at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ALKjK8pmh4

Process Questions:

1. What is similarity of figures?

2. How can you say that two figures are similar?

3. How can you say that one figure is similar to another?

4. Why is it important to be equal and proportion? Explain.


Firm Up
Activity 5: Number -Heads- Together

Post Problem:

A cook uses salt and sugar in the ratio 9:2 for a pasta sauce. The next day, he
uses 45 grams of salt and 10 grams of sugar.

Directions:

1. Write the two ratios from the given problem.

2. Label them with a, b, c, d

3. Use this on applying to respective property and finding out if the rewritten
proportions are equal.

Red Team-Cross Multiplication Property

If a/b=c/d, then, ad=bc; b≠0, d≠0

Orange Team- Alternation Property

If a/b=c/d, then, a/c=b/d; b≠0, d≠0

Yellow Team- Inverse Property

If a/b=c/d, then, b/a= d/c b≠0, d≠0

Green Team- Addition Property

If a/b=c/d, then, a+b/b=c+d/d; b≠0, d≠0

Blue Team- Subtraction Property

If a/b=c/d, then, a-b/b=c-d/d; b≠0, d≠0

Process Questions:

 What have you noticed on the properties of proportion?

 Do they arrived in the same answer?

 What do you think is the best way of solving problems in proportions? Why?

 Having different ways on rewriting proportions, does it change? Why?


Activity 6: Lets Do This!

Solve for the values of the variables.

1. 3/a=1/5=b/25

2. c/18=4/9=6/d

3. e/24=3/8=12/f

4. 5/8=15/g=h/32

5. 9/I=j/18=3/12

6. k/20=5/12=8/m

7. 16/n=p/36=44/60

8. Q/√2=√10/r=4/7

9. 12/15=s/8√3=4√5/t

10. √2/4=u/10=6/v

Activity 7: Chalk-Board Speed Game

Worded Problems:

 At a farm the ratio of chickens to geese is 25 : 7. If there are 791 geese, how
many chickens are there at the farm?

 A boy has 40 red and blue pencils in his pencil case. If the ratio of red to blue
pencils is 0.15 : 0.35, how many blue pencils does he have?

 Yesterday it was hot and I felt like having a lime lemonade. In a glass I mixed
water and lime in the ratio 10 : 1. If I used 0.25 liter of water, how may
milliliters of lime juice did I mix in?

 A recipe in a cook book describes a ratio of pepper to salt of 5 : 1. If you used


1.5 ounces of pepper, how many ounces of salt would you need to use?
Activity 8: In The Hot Seat

Directions: Observe the corresponding angles and corresponding sides of


parallelograms LOVE and HART by taking careful note of their measurements.
Write your observations on the given table.

L w O H l A

w w w w

V w E R l T

Corresponding Angles Ratio of Corresponding Simplified Ratio/s of the


Sides side

m∟L= m∟H= 90 LO/HA= w/l

m∟E=m∟T=90 EL/TH=w/w=1

Process Questions:

 Are the corresponding angles of parallelograms LOVE and HART congruent?

 Do their corresponding sides have a common ratio?

 Do parallelograms LOVE and HART have uniform proportionality sides?

 What do you think makes them not similar?

Activity 9: Give it a try!

1.
2.

Deepen
Activity 10: Guided Generalization

Situation 1 Situation 2 Situation 3


A 6.5 tall car standing Miako Silva uses the A 6ft. tall tent standing
next to an adult elephant shadow of a life-saver next to a cardboard box
casts a 33.2 ft shadow. If dinosaur model to casts a 9ft. Shadow. If the
the adult elephant casts estimate its height. She cardboard box casts a
a shadow that is 51.5 stands so that the tip of shadow that is 6 ft long
ft.long then how tall is it? her shadow coincides then how tall is it?
with the tip of the
dinosaur’s shadow as
shown.Miako is 5 ft. tall.
The distance from the
dinosaur model to Miako
is 28 ft. and the distance
between the tip of the
shadows and Miako is
7ft. How tall is the
dinosaur?Does Miako’s
shadow works?

Process Questions:

 How are similar figures illustrated?


 How are these proportions and similar figures solved?
 Was there only one way to solve proportion and similar figures. If yes,
explain, if not why? Why are there are many ways to solve a proportion and
similar figures that models real world? How will you know which way to use?
Explain.
 Are you able to present correct solutions ? If not , why not?

Activity 11: Graphic Organizers

Directions: Make your own graphic organizer by answering the questions below.

Questions:

 How real life problems involving the concept of proportion and similarity
be solved?
 What professions do the concept of proportionality and similarity used?
Why?
 How will you used similarity and proportions in your daily life.
Activity 12: IRF Sheet
Students will fill up the Revise Column by writing their learning's on the lesson.

Initial Revise Final


initial ideas What are your new
learning's?

Transfer
Activity 13
Scaffold #1
You are an editor of your school newspaper, AGUILLEON. Your adviser told you
that the best part of being an editor is when you produces a story that makes a
difference in the school community. To be effective , you keep on reading books,
magazines and newspapers to keep your knowledge tank full. Your adviser asked
you to prepare graphs which follows the certain size specifications to fit in one
column. The original graph measures 8 in. by 6 in. and the similarity ratio from
the original to the reduced graph is 4:2. You need to find the dimensions of the
graph as it appears in one column of the newspaper. You have to make a
recommendations consisting of your analysis and solution. It will be presented to
your adviser through power point presentation. This will be evaluated based on
mathematical reasoning, accuracy and presentation.

Scaffold #2
One of the teachers in Grace Mission College is asking for help in a furniture
expert. She wanted to have a child desk that is a replica of a full-sized adult desk.
Suppose the top of the full-size desk measures 54 inches long by 36 inches wide.
As a furniture expert, what should be the exact measurement of its desk if the
top of a child’s desk is 24 inches wide and is similar to the full-sized desk. You
have to make recommendations consisting of your investigation, analysis and
proposed solution. It will be presented through power point presentation. This
will be evaluated based on mathematical reasoning, accuracy and presentation.

CRITERIA Outstanding Satisfactory Developing Beginning


4 3 2 1
Mathematical Explanation Explanation Explanation Explanation
Reasoning shows thorough shows shows gaps in shows illogical
reasoning and substantial reasoning. reasoning.
insightful reasoning.
justifications.
Accuracy All All Most of the Some of the
computations computations computations computations
are correct and are correct. are correct. are correct.
shown in detail
Presentation the presentation The presentation The presentation The presentation
uses appropriate uses appropriate uses some visual does not use any
and creative visual materials. materials. It is visual materials.
visual materials. It is delivered in delivered in a It is delivered in
it is delivered in a clear manner. disorganize a clear manner.
a very manner.
convincing
manner

Activity 14: IRF Sheet

Students will now finalized their learning's about the topic by filling up the Final
Column.

Initial Revise Final


initial ideas new learning's Final learning’s