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 Is your car or a vehicle stolen and is not visible among the
several cars present?

 Do you want to know the arrival of the bus for which you
are waiting?

 Are you going alone in a vehicle and your parents want to

track your movements because they are worried about

 Does your cargo consists of costly load and you want to

protect them?

 Do you want to keep track of the little playing kids about

where they are?
Automatic Vehicle Locator (AVL)

 What is AVL ?

An automatic vehicle locator (AVL) is a device that

makes use of the Global Positioning System (GPS)
and enables to remotely track the location of a
vehicle. It is an important tool which identifies a
vehicle with regard to its geographic position, speed
and heading.
1) • Radio Receiver
2) • GPS Receiver
3) • GPS Modem
4) • Antenna
5) • GPS Base Station
6) • Wireless Communication

7) • GPS Tracking Software

8) • Data Stream Processing Servers
NAVSTAR, the official U.S. Department of
Defense name for GPS

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite-based navigation system

made up of a network of 24 satellites.

Collecting of signals
from three or more
satellites in carefully
monitored orbit from
which the receiver
computes its own
spatial relationship to
each satellite to
determine its position.
1) The satellites are 3) Using a simple
synchronized to emit mathematical formula derived
encoded navigational from triangulation, the
information (exact receiver is able to calculate its
positioning and exact own longitude, latitude,
time). velocity and even altitude.

2) Any vehicle equipped 4) Then this information is

with a GPS receiver will transmitted to a central
intercept these dispatch center.
Maps allow a tangible and understandable
view of a vehicle’s location.
•Ionosphere and troposphere delays - The satellite signal slows
as it passes through the atmosphere.

• Signal multipath - The GPS signal is reflected off objects such

as tall buildings before it reaches the receiver, thus increasing
the travel time of the signal.

•Receiver clock errors - A receiver's built-in clock is not as

accurate as the atomic clocks onboard the GPS satellites.

•Orbital errors - These are inaccuracies of the satellite's

reported location.

•Number of satellites visible - The more satellites a GPS

receiver can "see“, the better the accuracy.
Today's GPS receivers are extremely accurate. They provide a worst case
accuracy of 20 meters .