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Amethyst III

DTV Smart Switch

User Manual
Release 02.22

Edition A
Contacting Thomson Video Networks
http://www.thomson-networks.com/

2 Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch


User Manual
Contents

Preface .............................................................. 9

Chapter 1
Overview ......................................................... 15
Purpose .................................................................................. 16
Robust, Highly Configurable Testing........................................ 16
High-Density Switch................................................................... 17
ASI Switch .............................................................................. 17
IP Switch................................................................................. 18
DVB-T SFN Capability ................................................................ 19
DVB-T2 SFN Capability .............................................................. 19
Delay Compensation Capability................................................ 19
Configuration and Supervision ................................................. 19
System Applications.............................................................. 20
Device Redundancy.................................................................... 20
Head-End Redundancy .............................................................. 22
Network Redundancy Application ............................................ 23
SFN Stream Redundancy .......................................................... 24
Main Features ........................................................................ 25
Chassis Description ............................................................... 26
Enclosure .................................................................................... 26
Front Panel.................................................................................. 26
Full Front Panel ...................................................................... 26
Light Front Panel.................................................................... 32
Rear Panel ................................................................................... 33
SMPTE 310M Mode ............................................................... 33
GPI Connectors ...................................................................... 34
Free Voltage Contacts ........................................................... 37

Chapter 2
Installation and Startup .................................. 39
Unpacking .............................................................................. 40
Removing the Protective Film .............................................. 41
Installing the Device (Steps) ................................................. 41
Mounting in Rack................................................................... 42
Installation Requirements.......................................................... 42
Ventilation................................................................................... 42
Cabling ........................................................................................ 44
EMC Ground ............................................................................... 44
Powering Up .......................................................................... 45

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Contents

Warnings..................................................................................... 45
Power Supply and Protective Ground ...................................... 45
Power Inlet ............................................................................. 45
Power Supply Cord(s) ........................................................... 45
Connecting AC Mains Power Supply Cords............................. 46
Installing a Java Runtime Environment on the PC ............ 47
Configuring Amethyst III ...................................................... 49
Using the Equipment Setup Application.................................. 51
Powering Off the Device ...................................................... 54
Connecting System I/O Ports ............................................... 55
Powering Back On the Device.............................................. 56
Starting the Application ....................................................... 57

Chapter 3
Web Browser Interface .................................... 59
Reaching the GUI .................................................................. 60
GUI Overview........................................................................ 61
General Organization ................................................................. 61
Customizing the Display ............................................................ 62
Resizing the Columns............................................................ 62
Sorting Elements in Arrays................................................... 62
Commonly Used Elements........................................................ 62
Status Pictograms ................................................................. 62
Other Pictograms................................................................... 63
Tables ..................................................................................... 63
Configuration Panel ................................................................... 64
Configuration Tabs ................................................................ 64
Customizing the Configuration Tabs’ Layout...................... 67
Views ...................................................................................... 68
Alarms Panel .............................................................................. 69
Status Bar ................................................................................... 70
Basic Settings........................................................................ 72
Creating a New Configuration................................................... 73
Setting the Input Parameters .................................................... 75
Setting the Switch Parameters.................................................. 77
Setting the Output Parameters ................................................. 80
Setting the GigE Interface Parameters (for IP Amethyst III) ... 83
Setting an IP Forwarding (for IP Amethyst III) ......................... 84
Adding a Forwarding Rule.................................................... 84
Defining a Destination Interface for a Forwarding Rule ..... 85
Deleting a Forwarding Rule .................................................. 86
Editing a Tests Group ................................................................ 87
Getting an Overview of the Switches Status ........................... 89
Getting an Overview of the Quality of Service ........................ 90
Performing a Manual Switching ............................................... 91
Setting the Outputs for Monitoring .......................................... 93
Advanced Settings................................................................ 95
Setting Switches Association.................................................... 96
Switches Associations Concept ........................................... 96

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Contents

Switches Associations Configuration Principle .................. 96


Switches Associations Configuration .................................. 97
Examples of Switches Associations..................................... 99
Using the Time Delay and Synchronization Features ........... 102
Performing a First Delay Compensation Setting .............. 103
Reading the Real Input Delay Value................................... 104
Searching the Real Input Delay Value................................ 105
Refining the Delay Settings Using Time Delay ................. 105
Checking that the Inputs are Synchronized....................... 106
Setting GPI and Relays ............................................................ 107
Setting GPI ........................................................................... 107
Setting Relays ...................................................................... 109
Setting the Automation ........................................................... 112
Principle................................................................................ 112
Creating a Schedule ............................................................ 113
Schedule Example ............................................................... 114
Interface Description ........................................................... 116
Interface Configuration Items Description ............................. 117
Snapshot Panel .................................................................... 117
Switches View...................................................................... 122
Tests View ............................................................................ 133
GPIO View ............................................................................ 155
Switches Associations View ............................................... 156
Ethernet Interfaces View (IP Configurations Only) ........... 156
Forwarding Rules View (IP Configurations Only) ............. 158
Interface Supervision Items Description ................................ 161
Switches Tab........................................................................ 161
Outputs Tab.......................................................................... 165
Statistics Tab........................................................................ 167
Ethernet, FEC Tab ................................................................ 172
Tests Tab .............................................................................. 174
T2-MI Tab ............................................................................. 175
Automation Tab ................................................................... 176

Chapter 4
Servicing ....................................................... 179
Installing Software Update ................................................. 180
Introduction .............................................................................. 180
Downloader Overview ............................................................. 180
Downloading a New Firmware ............................................... 181
Upgrading a License............................................................ 182
Cleaning Air Inlet Grill ......................................................... 183
Replacing the Lithium Battery ............................................ 184
When to Change the Battery? ................................................. 184
Reference .................................................................................. 184
Safety ........................................................................................ 184
Step-by-Step Procedure........................................................... 185
Step 1: Removing the Cover ............................................... 185
Step 2: Removing the Battery............................................. 185

Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch 5


User Manual
Contents

Step 3: Inserting the New Battery ...................................... 186


Step 4: Checking that the New Battery Works .................. 186

Chapter 5
Frequently Asked Questions ......................... 187
The ASI delay compensation does not lock.
What should I do? ............................................................... 188
When I turn off my equipment the sessions stop to be
broadcast from Eth1 to Eth2, what should I do? .............. 189
My receiver equipment no longer receives a session
after a switch operation in Amethyst III. Why? ................ 191
My IP Amethyst III raises a "Reception overflow"
or "Transmission overflow" alarm. What should I do?.... 192
I want to configure a firewall on my supervision network. Which
TCP and UDP ports should I authorize? ............................ 193
A FEC deactivation alarm is raised, what should I do?.... 193
In which cases is FEC deactivated?......................................... 193
What happens when FEC is deactivated? .............................. 193
How can I reactivate FEC? ....................................................... 194

Appendix A
Technical Specifications ............................... 195
Signal Processing ............................................................... 196
Physical Interfaces ................................................................... 196
ASI Interfaces....................................................................... 196
SMPTE 310M Interface ........................................................ 197
Gigabit Ethernet Interface................................................... 197
GPI Inputs (Triggers) ........................................................... 201
Free Voltage Contacts (Relays)........................................... 202
Ethernet Control/Command................................................ 203
TR101.290 + Template Checking............................................. 203
Transport Stream Specifications ............................................ 205
TS Output ............................................................................. 206
Switches.................................................................................... 207
Delay Compensation ........................................................... 207
Switches Association .......................................................... 208
General Device Specifications ........................................... 209
Performances ........................................................................... 209
Input/Output Limitations.......................................................... 210
Other Limitations...................................................................... 211
Electrical Specifications ........................................................... 212
Power Supply....................................................................... 212
Power Consumption............................................................ 212
Mechanical Features ................................................................ 213
Dimensions .......................................................................... 213
Weight .................................................................................. 214
Ventilation................................................................................. 214

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Contents

Reliability .................................................................................. 214


Standard Compliance.......................................................... 215
Safety and Electromagnetic Compatibility ........................ 216
Environmental Specifications............................................. 218
Ordering Guide .................................................................... 219
Base Products ........................................................................... 219
Interface Options ...................................................................... 219
Software Options ..................................................................... 220
Switching Licenses................................................................... 220

Appendix B
SNMP Management ....................................... 221
Overview .............................................................................. 222
SNMP Access Rights and Community Strings.................. 223
Traps Description................................................................. 224
TRAP: AmethystTraps.supTrapAlarm(100) ............................ 224
Reading the Commands in this Appendix......................... 226
Registering/Unregistering a Manager to Receive
the Traps .............................................................................. 227
Getting the Active Alarm List or the Closed Alarm List.... 228
Getting a Configuration and Modifying It.......................... 230
Getting a Configuration ........................................................... 230
Modifying and Reapplying the Configuration
to the Same Equipment ........................................................... 231
Applying a Configuration from Equipment A
to Equipment B......................................................................... 232
Getting the Identifier of an Element................................... 234
Getting the Current Status of an Element ......................... 236
Getting Input Snapshot and Statistics ............................... 238
Input Snapshot: MIB Structure................................................ 238
Input Statistics: Bitrate Measurement .................................... 239
Dynamics of the System.......................................................... 241
Bit Rates Measurement ....................................................... 241
Transport Stream Structure................................................ 242
MIB Description ................................................................... 243
Extracting Tables ................................................................. 248
Switching Between Inputs .................................................. 250
Selecting an Output Gigabit Ethernet Interface (IP only) . 251
Getting the Switch State ..................................................... 252
Checking If the Switch State Has Been Updated ................... 252
Getting the Switch State.......................................................... 252
Setting Monitoring Outputs................................................ 255
Monitoring Tests.................................................................. 256
Reactivating the FEC Correction or Generation ................ 259

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Contents

Appendix C
Safety Instructions ....................................... 261
Safety Summary (English) ................................................ 262
Sicherheit - Überblick (Deutsch) ....................................... 266
Consignes de sécurité (Français) ...................................... 270
Safety Instructions for Finland, Norway, Sweden .......... 275

Appendix D
Regulatory Notices ....................................... 277

Appendix E
Customer Services ........................................ 279
Support Center Contacts .................................................... 280
Warranty .............................................................................. 281
Services ............................................................................... 281
Spare Parts .......................................................................... 282
Returning Equipment ......................................................... 282
Repackaging for Shipment ................................................ 282
Long Term Product Support .............................................. 283
Recycling the Product......................................................... 283

Appendix F
Alarms ........................................................... 285

Glossary ........................................................ 295

Index ............................................................. 303

8 Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch


User Manual
Preface

Standard Documentation Set


The Amethyst III documentation set consists of:
 A User Manual
 A Quick Start Guide

The Amethyst III User Manual contains background information about


the Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch, and describes operating procedures.
This manual can be used while learning about Amethyst III, and for
enhancing your basic knowledge of the product.

The Amethyst III Quick Start Guide contains information about installing
and configuring the equipment.

Software Version
This manual covers the functionality of the software version 02.22 and
higher of the Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch.

This manual continues to be relevant to subsequent software versions


where the functionality of the equipment has not changed. When a new
software version changes the functionality of the product, a new version
of this manual is provided.

About this Manual


This manual is written for operators of the Amethyst III DTV Smart
Switch.

This manual should be kept in a safe place for reference for the life
time of the equipment. If passing the equipment to a third party,
please ensure to pass all relevant documentation including this
manual.

Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch 9


User Manual
Preface — About this Manual

The manual is organized into the following chapters and appendices:

Table 3-1. Manual organization

Chapter/
Title Description
Appendix

Chapter 1 ’’Overview’ Gives a general description of the equipment and its


main features. It also identifies the controls,
indicators and connectors on the front and rear
panels.

Chapter 2 ’Installation and Provides the procedures required for device


Startup’ installation and initial configuration and describes
how to connect the device to other devices in your
system.

Chapter 3 ’Web Browser Details how to use the Web Browser Graphical User
Interface’ Interface to configure the equipment.

Chapter 4 ’Servicing’ Describes how to upgrade the product software and


gives some recommendations for replacing the
lithium battery (only if necessary) and cleaning the
air inlet grill.

Chapter 5 ’Frequently Asked Helps you to solve some issues.


Questions’

Appendix A ’Technical Gives information on signal processing and device


Specifications’ specifications. It also provides standard compliance,
declarations of conformity, and an ordering guide.

Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ Explains how to set the SNMP community string and
the access rights. It also describes the MIB used to
configure and monitor the equipment.

Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ Gives instructions related to risk of fire, electric


shock or injury to persons. This important section is
available in English, German and French versions.

Appendix D ’Regulatory Notices’ Provides device compliances regarding FCC


emission control, Canadian EMC compliance,
EN55022 Class A recommendations, VCCI Class A
recommendations and Laser compliance.

Appendix E ’Customer Services’ Indicates what you should do if you have a problem
with equipment, whether you need to repair it, to
return it or to dispose of it.

Appendix F ’Alarms’ Gives the list of alarms which can be visible in the
Alarm panel. For each alarm are given the identifier,
the name, the text and the severity.

’Glossary’ Includes uncommon or specialized terms within that


manual with the definitions for those terms.

10 Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch


User Manual
Preface — Conventions Used in This Manual

Conventions Used in This Manual

Warnings, Cautions and Notes

Heed Warnings
All warnings on the product and in the operating instructions should be
adhered to. The manufacturer cannot be held responsible for injuries or
damages where warnings and cautions have been ignored or taken
lightly.

Read Instructions
All the safety and operating instructions should be read before this
product is operated.

Follow Instructions
All operating and use instructions should be followed.

Terms in this Manual


Safety-related statements appear in this manual in the following form:

Warning statements identify conditions or practices


that may result in personal injury or loss of life.

Caution statements identify conditions or practices that may result in


damage to equipment or other property, or which may cause
equipment crucial to your business environment to become
temporarily non-operational.

Notes provides supplementary information. They are highlighted for


emphasis, as in this example, and are placed immediately after the
relevant text.

Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch 11


User Manual
Preface — Documentation Feedback

Formatting
Naming conventions for the interface elements and Windows elements
in this manual follow the Microsoft Manual of Style, Third Edition.
Naming conventions for MPEG-2, ATSC, and DVB structures follow the
conventions derived from the standards documents listed in
Appendix A ’Technical Specifications’. In addition, the following
formatting conventions apply to this manual:
 Pale blue text refers to specific interface elements that you are
instructed to select, click, or clear.
Example: “Select Settings from the Configuration menu”.
 Blue text refers to document names, sections, figures or tables.
Example: “Refer to Section ’Warnings, Cautions and Notes’ on
page 13 for more information”.
 Mono-spaced text can indicate the following:
 Text you enter from a keyboard
Example: “Enter administrator for your login and
administrator for your password”.
 Paths to components on your hard drive
Example: “The MIB is at the following location: C:\MIB”.

Documentation Feedback
We are taking great care of our publications. Please help us to improve it
by sending your feedback with the reference of the manual at the email
address:

Email: techpubs@thomson-networks.com

Important Notice
Thomson Video Networks reserves the right to make corrections,
modifications, enhancements, improvements and other changes to its
products or services at any time and to discontinue any product or
service without notice.

12 Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch


User Manual
Preface — Trademarks

Trademarks
Amethyst III is a trademark of Thomson.

All other tradenames referenced are service marks, trademarks, or


registered trademarks of their respective companies.

Copyrights
© Copyright 2015 Thomson Video Networks. All rights reserved.

Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch 13


User Manual
Preface — Copyrights

BLANK PAGE

14 Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch


User Manual
1
Chapter
Overview

Introduction

This chapter gives a general description of the equipment and its main
features. It also identifies the controls, indicators and connectors on the
front and rear panels.

Content of this Chapter

’Purpose’ .......................................................................................page 16

’System Applications’ .................................................................page 20

’Main Features’ ............................................................................page 25

’Chassis Description’...................................................................page 26

Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch 15


User Manual
Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Purpose

Purpose
Amethyst III offers the utmost in performance, flexibility, high-density,
and delay capability to increase the robustness and maximize uptime of
your broadcast and transmission chains—and ensure that your MPEG-2
transport stream (ATSC or DVB) can be properly secured.

Figure 1-1. High-density and delay compensation

Available with Gigabit Ethernet interfaces or ASI interfaces, Amethyst III


is perfectly suitable for any type of architecture: new IP-centric networks
as well as widely deployed ASI based head-ends.

To maximize service availability, Amethyst III is equipped with dual


power supply/plugs and maintains service delivery thanks to a smart and
configurable bypass mechanism on Gigabit Ethernet and ASI interfaces,
even in case of power failure.

Robust, Highly Configurable Testing


Amethyst III supports a variety of tests depending on your requirements.
You can individually select and configure these tests through an
easy-to-use graphical user interface. For example, it is easy to select and
set error severity criteria as well as a persistence time to avoid unwanted
switching when transitory events occur. Amethyst III supports TR 101 290
tests (Priority 1/2/3), which enable a complete health-status check of your
digital DVB network. It also supports testing and monitoring models that
provide the same level of comprehensive information for ATSC
environments. To improve redundancy, template checking of expected
packet IDs, rate limits, and/or scrambling status of various critical
program components is available. For DVB-T systems, it also performs
relevant measurements on MIP packets.

16 Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch


User Manual
Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Purpose

High-Density Switch
Providing up to four 1+1 ASI switches or eight 1 + 1 IP switch in 1RU,
Amethyst III monitors and performs all the configured tests
simultaneously on each input.

ASI Switch

Figure 1-2. System application: 2 [1 + 1] ASI single-output devices redundancy

2 redundancy groups

Main

Backup

Main
Amethyst III
(ASI Interfaces)
2 x [1 + 1] switches

Backup

Figure 1-3. TS over ASI inputs and outputs

TS1 Switch 1
ASI Out 1
ASI In 1
(secured)
TS1'
ASI In 2 ASI Out 2
(monitoring)

TS2 Switch 2
ASI Out 3
ASI In 3
(secured)
TS2'
ASI In 4 ASI Out 4
(monitoring)

Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch 17


User Manual
Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Purpose

IP Switch

Figure 1-4. System application: [1 + 1] IP multi-output devices redundancy (3-output


device here)

Main n TS over IP
(n = 3 here)

Streamers,
Splicers,
SI Generators

Backup
Amethyst III
(Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces)
3 x [1 + 1] switches

1 + 1 redundancy group
n TS over IP
(n = 3 here)

Figure 1-5. TS over IP - Example with 3 TS over IP

Switch 1
IP
3 TS over IP 1o 3 TS over IP
TS

Eth1 Eth2
TS
2o
IP
TS3o

Switch 2
IP
IP
IP
TS1'o

Switch 3
2 'o

3 TS over IP
TS

Eth3 TS3'o
IP

18 Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch


User Manual
Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Purpose

DVB-T SFN Capability


Amethyst III ASI provides smart redundancy switch for DVB-T terrestrial
networks, that is, seamless switching support for:
 Transport streams with MIP from NetProcessor SFN adapters
 Transport streams with MIP (duplicated signal) transmitted over two
separate paths (delay compensation required)

Amethyst III realigns the transport streams according to MIP and


preserves the structure of DVB-T megaframes on its output in case of
switching. Service outage caused by DVB-T modulator is avoided.
Perfectly combined with the NetProcessor, Amethyst III supports up to
four independent (or combined) switches in 1-RU.

DVB-T2 SFN Capability


Amethyst III ASI provides smart redundancy switch for DVB-T2 terrestrial
networks, that is, seamless switching support for:
 T2-MI streams from NetProcessor T2 gateways (v04.70 or upper)
 T2-MI streams (duplicated signal) transmitted over two separate paths
(delay compensation required)

Amethyst III realigns the T2-MI streams and preserves the structure and
timestamp on its output in case of switching. Service outage caused by
DVB-T2 modulator is avoided. Perfectly combined with the NetProcessor,
Amethyst III supports up to four independent (or combined) T2-MI
switches in 1-RU.

Delay Compensation Capability


Amethyst III also offers delay compensation capability by simultaneously
analyzing delayed (from several milliseconds to several seconds) input
streams. If one input is detected as being corrupted, Amethyst III
compensates the time difference and switches seamlessly to the other,
uncorrupted stream without any disturbance to end users. Typical
applications include network distribution redundancy.

Configuration and Supervision


Amethyst III has an embedded Ethernet 10/100Base-T port and contains
a fully configured Web server that you can access remotely through any
standard browser for equipment control and supervision. It also provides
a complete display of switching configurations along with easy-to-read
input/output status information, error-log data, and bit rate graphics. The
Amethyst III embeds an SNMP agent for centralized management
applications.

Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch 19


User Manual
Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — System Applications

System Applications
Amethyst III is intended to protect Digital TV network, for applications
requiring fast and efficient 1 + 1 Transport Stream redundancy in various
architecture models:
 Full ASI architectures
 Full IP architectures

Device Redundancy
Amethyst III can protect:
 ASI single- or multi-output devices.

Up to 4 [1 + 1] ASI Inputs can be managed.

Figure 1-6. System application: up to 4 [1 + 1] ASI single-output devices redundancy

20 Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch


User Manual
Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — System Applications

Figure 1-7. System application: [1 + 1] ASI 4-output devices redundancy

 IP single- or multi-output devices.

Up to 8 [1 + 1] IP sessions can be managed.

Figure 1-8. System application: up to 8 [1 + 1] IP single-output devices redundancy

Figure 1-9. System application: [1 + 1] IP multi-output devices redundancy (4-output


device here)

Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch 21


User Manual
Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — System Applications

Head-End Redundancy
Head-End redundancy is similar to device redundancy where
multiplexers are the devices to be secured.

Figure 1-10. System application: Head-End redundancy (ASI)

Figure 1-11. System application: Head-End redundancy (IP)

22 Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch


User Manual
Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — System Applications

Network Redundancy Application


The stream is duplicated for redundancy purposes and is conveyed by
two paths, one being more direct than the other one.

Figure 1-12. System application: network redundancy

For instance, on Figure 1-12, the stream is conveyed more quickly by


path #1 than by path #2. Consequently, the second stream arrives later
than the first one.

In this case, Amethyst III’s time delay feature lets you apply a delay on
input 1 (path #1). Secondly, the delay compensation feature lets you
resynchronize the two streams. Stream conveyed by path #1 is thus
delayed to be synchronized with the stream of path #2. In this case,
synchronization is made on a user-defined PID (e.g.: PAT with PID=0).

Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch 23


User Manual
Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — System Applications

SFN Stream Redundancy


Figure 1-13. System overview: DVB-T/T2 SFN stream redundancy (ASI only)

For SFN systems in DVB-T/T2, it is imperative that the terrestrial


transmitters broadcast:
 The same signal
 On the same cell
 At the same frequency
 At the same time

To do so in DVB-T, Amethyst III uses the signaling information present in


the transport stream, namely the Megaframe Initialization Packets (MIP),
which are generated by the SFN adapters in the head-end.

When redunding 1+1 SFN adapters, it is necessary to preserve the MIP


positioning when switching from one piece of equipment to another.
Amethyst III is able to realign two streams originating from two
Thomson Video Networks NetProcessor SFN adapters by using the PID
of the MIP (PID=21).

To do so in DVB-T2, Amethyst III realigns the T2-MI streams present in


the transport stream. The T2-MI streams host DVB-T2 frames data and
various parameters (signaling, transmission and synchronization).

When redunding 1+1 T2 gateways, it is necessary to preserve the T2-MI


structure and timestamp. Amethyst III is able to realign two streams
originating from two Thomson Video Networks NetProcessor T2
gateways.

In both DVB-T/T2 architectures, Amethyst III guarantees the broadcasting


continuity, as the terrestrial transmitters detect no discontinuity when
switching from a piece equipment to another. Service outage caused by
the modulators resynchronization (up to 30 seconds) is avoided.

24 Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch


User Manual
Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Main Features

Main Features
 Smart 1+1 TS redundancy switch
 Standalone equipment
 Dense switching in 1RU
 Up to four ASI switches
 Up to eight TS over IP switches
 Delay compensation
 Bypass on ASI outputs and Gigabit Ethernet ports
 Dual power supplies with dual power feeds
 Seamless switch at TS packet level
 To ensure 24/7 services availability
 To avoid blackout
 To preserve DVB-T/T2 SFN streams delivered by Thomson Video
Networks NetProcessor
 Multiple standards: DVB and ATSC
 TR101290 Priority 1/2/3 analyses
 Template checking for stream content matches
 Four configurable contact-closure alarms
 Intuitive and easy to use Web GUI
 Embedded SNMP agent

Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch 25


User Manual
Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Chassis Description

Chassis Description

Enclosure
The enclosure is 1U height and can be freestanding or mounted in a
19-inch rack. All inputs and outputs are via rear panel connectors.

Front Panel
Amethyst III Base unit can be supplied with a light front panel
(AMETH3-1U-2AC-LITE Base unit) or a full front panel (AMETH3-1U-2AC-FULL
Base unit).

Full Front Panel


The full front panel display and navigation keys are used as a local
control method to set up the Amethyst III. They can also be used as a
quick method for accessing the status of the equipment.

Figure 1-14. Amethyst III full front panel

LCD Function Navigation Numerical


LED panel
Screen buttons buttons keypad

The front panel features the following items:


 LCD screen: to perform basic configuration and supervision
 Function buttons (F1 to F6): to switch from one screen view to another
 Navigation buttons: to browse the screens
 Numerical keypad: to set new values in the configuration panel
 LED panel: to inform you on Amethyst III’s general state. It features the
following LEDs:
 App.: indicates if there is a problem in the way the equipment is
used.
 Syst.: indicates if there is a failure on the equipment.

26 Amethyst III DTV Smart Switch


User Manual
Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Chassis Description

 Fan/T°: indicates the status of the fans and the temperature


status. If there is a problem, the buzzer is actioned in addition to
the LED.
 Power: indicates the power status. It is red if one of the power
supply is out of order or if one power cable is unplugged.
 Swi.[x]: reflects the current status of each switch:
- Swi1: reflects the current status of the first switch.
- Swi2: reflects the current status of the second switch.
- Swi3: reflects the current status of the third switch.
- Swi4+: reflects the current status of the fourth switch and
the additional switches, if any.
Refer to page 162 for more information on the way the status of
a switch is defined.
 Buzzer: to inform you on a temperature problem

The keypad is based on a cap-sense technology. It is not necessary to


press hard the keys, you just have to touch them.

A small LED located between the function and navigation buttons is lit
each time you press a key. This indicates that the command has been
taken into account.

Setting the Backlight


Click Shift+F1 to access the backlight configuration. The value can be:
 Off after 3 min. (advised)
 Always on

Press OK to validate or C to exit the configuration without applying it.

Setting the Contrast


Click Shift+F3 to set the contrast. This setting is automatic.

Locking/Unlocking the Keyboard


Press Shift + OK to lock or unlock the keyboard.

Using the Keypad


 Up/Down arrow keys
 Move highlighting cursor up and down in the menu or in a list
of items.
 Increase/decrease an elementary value (cipher or letter):

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Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Chassis Description

- When editing a string, allows selecting a letter and special


char of the alphabet.
- When editing a number, allows selecting a cipher.
 Select previous/following item in a popup box.
 Left/right arrow keys
 Anywhere in the main menu, left key drives to first item, right
key drives to last item,.
 Move highlighting cursor left and right in a list of items or in a
multiple char string.
 Select previous/following item in a popup box.
 OK key
 When pressed once on a main menu item, expands the menu;
when pressed again, collapses the menu.
 When pressed on a modifiable field (and selection mode is
active), edits this field.
 When pressed on an edited field, leaves the last value entered
and comes back to selection mode.
 Selects the highlighted item of a popup box.
 C key

It lets you switch to the edition mode.


 0-9 keys

When in edition mode, they allow entering the corresponding cipher


(easier then up/down keys).
 Shift/menu

When editing a string value, it allows selecting upper/lower case.

F1-F6: Function Buttons


The Function buttons (F1, F2, F3, F4, F5 or F6) provide you with the
following information:
 F1: information on the inputs and outputs
 F2: list of active alarms
 F3: list of closed alarms
 F4: IP settings
 F5: general settings
 F6: information on the product

The upper line of the LCD screen provides advice on the keys to use.

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Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Chassis Description

F1: Information on the Inputs and Outputs

Figure 1-15. F1 and its corresponding screen

The F1 screen provides you with an at-a-glance overview of the inputs


status, and lets you modify the outputs content.

F2: List of Active Alarms

Figure 1-16. F2 and its corresponding screen

F3: List of Closed Alarms

Figure 1-17. F3 and its corresponding screen

F4: IP Settings

Figure 1-18. F4 and its corresponding screen

The F4 screen menu is as follows:


 IP settings: LAN 1
- IP address 0.0.0.0
- Subnet mask 0.0.0.0
- Default gateway 0.0.0.0

To modify a parameter from the F4 screen, press the C key to enter the
edition mode. Once you have made modifications, you can press F1 to
save them or F2 to cancel them.

When the F4 screen is displayed and some modification has been


performed, any press on F1, F2 or F3 opens a popup box asking a
confirmation of operation.

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Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Chassis Description

F5: General Settings

Figure 1-19. F5 and its corresponding screen

The F5 screen contains:


 Identity settings
- Equipment name “name”
 Interfaces
- Interfaces type ASI/SMPTE 310M

Available only on a single switch platform in ATSC mode. Modifying


the interface type implies a reboot of the equipment.

 SNMP settings
- Read community “community name”
- Read/Write community “community name”
- New trap IP address 0.0.0.0
- Access list mode Inactive/Active
 Date and time settings
- UTC date and time mm/dd/yy hh:mm:ss
- Local time offset hh:mm
- Use daylight savings No/Yes
- DST start date & time mm/dd/yy hh:mm:ss
- DST end date & time mm/dd/yy hh:mm:ss
- DST offset hh:mm
 Clock settings
- Source None/NTP/TDT/TOT/STT
- NTP server IP address 0.0.0.0
- Input ASI 1…ASI 8
 Configuration management
- Current configuration "configuration name"
 Access rights management
- Protect access No/Yes
- Password "password"
- Modify configuration Protected/Allowed

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Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Chassis Description

- Apply configuration Protected/Allowed


- Remove configuration Protected/Allowed
- Modify automation Protected/Allowed
- Delete closed alarms Protected/Allowed
- Manual switch Protected/Allowed
- Monitoring output selectionProtected/Allowed
- Reset monitoring counters Protected/Allowed
- Set maintenance mode Protected/Allowed
- Set FEC activation Protected/Allowed
 Relays management
- Relay 1 In configuration/Power
- Relay 2 In configuration/Error
- Relay 3 In configuration/Warning

As relay 4 is always defined in the configuration, it does not appear


on the front panel.

 Commands
- Reboot equipment No/Yes
- Delete equipment data No/Yes
- Delete closed alarms No/Yes
- Maintenance mode Off/On
- FEC activation Deactivated/Activated

To modify a parameter from the F5 screen, press the C key to enter the
edition mode. Once you have made modifications, you can press F1 to
save them or F2 to cancel them.

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Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Chassis Description

F6: Information on the Product

Figure 1-20. F6 and its corresponding screen

The F6 screen contains the following information:


 Commercial reference
 Part number
 Serial number
 Version number
 Temperature

Light Front Panel


The light front panel features no screen, no button, and no buzzer. It
features only the LED panel which provides a visual indication of overall
device operation.

Figure 1-21. Amethyst III light front panel

LED panel

The front panel only features a LED panel, to inform you on Amethyst III’s
general state. The LED are described above in the Section ’Full Front
Panel’ on page 26.

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Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Chassis Description

Rear Panel
Amethyst III provides connectors at the rear panel.

Figure 1-22. Rear panel of ASI Amethyst III equipped with two ASI boards

ASI outputs 1 to 4 ASI outputs 5 to 8 GPI inputs Compact Ethernet


3 to 6 Flash drive supervision port

PSU2 PSU1

ASI inputs 1 to 4 ASI inputs 5 to 8 GPI inputs Free voltage Power supply
1&2 contacts connectors

The ASI chassis may include one or two ASI boards (1 board = 4 inputs +
4 outputs).

ASI outputs 1, 3, 5 and 7 are smart-secured: a bypass allows having a


signal even when the equipment is off.

Figure 1-23. Rear panel of IP Amethyst III equipped with one Gigabit Ethernet board

GPI inputs Compact Ethernet


3 to 6 Flash drive supervision port

PSU2 PSU1

Ethernet inputs 1 to 4 GPI inputs Free voltage Power supply


1&2 contacts connectors

Hybrid configuration (i.e. one ASI board + one Gigabit Ethernet


board) is not supported.

SMPTE 310M Mode


On an ATSC single switch with an ASI board, the interfaces can be
configured either in ASI or SMPTE 310M mode (19 Mbps only). This
configuration is a setup parameter, and the device reboots when this
parameter is modified. The numbering is the same in ASI and
SMPTE 310M.

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Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Chassis Description

GPI Connectors
GPI inputs are used to trigger switch operation to selected inputs from an
external equipment.

Six GPI inputs are available. They can be configured through the Web
Graphical User Interface. Refer to Section ’Setting GPI and Relays’ on
page 107 for more details on GPI configuration.

By default, no input is associated to the existing GPI inputs.

Notice that:
 The GPI action should be performed on Edge or Level. On Edge, a
switch request is emitted, but may be refused by Amethyst III. On
Level, the switch operation is forced, whatever the inputs state.
 The type can be Raising or Falling for the Edge mode, High or Low for
the Level mode.
 A same GPI can command several switch operations.
 If a switches association is defined, all inputs of this switches
association must be commanded by the same GPI and with the same
parameters.

GPI inputs 1 and 2 are BNC connectors. GPI inputs 3 to 6 are Phoenix
connectors.

Figure 1-24. Phoenix GPI connectors detail

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Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Chassis Description

The following figures show wiring examples of the GPI connectors.

Figure 1-25. BNC GPI wiring with free voltage contacts

Figure 1-26. BNC GPI wiring with a GPIO server

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User Manual
Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Chassis Description

Figure 1-27. Phoenix GPI wiring with free voltage contacts

Figure 1-28. Phoenix GPI wiring with a GPIO server

Figure 1-29 shows a specific example where two Amethyst III devices are
chained: one Master, one Slave. By configuring the free voltage contacts
of the Master and the GPI inputs of the Slave, we can guarantee that the
Master will pilot the Slave’s switching behavior.

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Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Chassis Description

Figure 1-29. Phoenix GPI wiring with free voltage contacts, specific case

Free Voltage Contacts

Figure 1-30. Free voltage contacts detail

The Common contact is connected to:


 the Close contact when the unit is not powered OR when the unit is
powered & the relay event is NOT occurring (e.g. the relay is
configured to indicate error status but the unit is NOT in error).
 the Open contact when the unit is powered AND the event is
occurring (e.g. the relay is configured to indicate error status but the
unit is in error.

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Chapter 1 ’Overview’ — Chassis Description

Figure 1-31. Free voltage contacts operation rules

RELAY #x

- Power off
- Power on AND event occurring OR
- Power on AND event NOT occurring

OPEN COMMON CLOSE

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User Manual
2 Chapter
Installation and Startup

Read and follow the important safety information in Section


’Safety Instructions’ on page 261, noting especially those
instructions related to risk of fire, electric shock or injury to
persons.

Introduction
This chapter provides the procedures required for device installation
and initial configuration and describes how to connect the device to
other devices in your system.

Content of this Chapter

’Unpacking’...................................................................................page 40

’Removing the Protective Film’ .................................................page 41

’Installing the Device (Steps)’....................................................page 41

’Mounting in Rack’.......................................................................page 42

’Powering Up’...............................................................................page 45

’Installing a Java Runtime Environment on the PC’ ..............page 47

’Configuring Amethyst III’ ..........................................................page 49

’Powering Off the Device’...........................................................page 54

’Connecting System I/O Ports’...................................................page 55

’Powering Back On the Device’..................................................page 56

’Starting the Application’ ...........................................................page 57

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User Manual
Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Unpacking

Unpacking
Table 2-1 lists the accessories that are always shipped with your device.
Use this list to ensure that your order is complete.

More accessories can be delivered depending on your chosen options.

Table 2-1. List of accessories delivered with the device

Quantity Description

1 Amethyst III platform

2 or 4 75 Ohms stubs, connected to the smart-secured outputs (2 for the


dual switch and 4 for the quad switch)
Only delivered with ASI platforms

1 Ethernet cord

1 M4 screw to connect a bonding strip for EMC ground connection

1 Documentation and set-up CD-ROM

1 Quick start guide

1 Certificate of conformity

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User Manual
Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Removing the Protective Film

Removing the Protective Film


Remove the protective film from both sides before installation.

Installing the Device (Steps)


The following steps are required for device installation and initial
configuration:
1. Mounting the device in a rack, see page 42.
2. Powering on the device, see page 45.
3. Installing Java Runtime Environment on the PC, see page 47.
4. Setting the IP address of the equipment and other essential
parameters such as identity parameters, SNMP parameters, date &
time and access rights, either via the Equipment Setup application you
will find on the CD supplied with Amethyst III or via the Amethyst III
AMETH3-1U-2AC-FULL full front panel. See page page 49.
5. Turning off the device, see page 54.
6. Connecting System I/O Ports, see page 55.
7. Powering back on the device.
8. Starting the application and performing a few settings, see page 57.

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Mounting in Rack

Mounting in Rack
Amethyst III can be operated from a bench or mounted in a rack but the
ventilation and safety requirements given in this section must be
observed in all cases.

The chassis must not be fixed with its rack mounting ears only. If you
intend to install it in a rack, L-profiles are required and you must
observe the ventilation and safety instructions described in the
following sections.

Installation Requirements
This section lists the principles to be observed and the steps to be taken
when installing Amethyst III in a 19" rack.

Restrictions must be observed:


 Related to ventilation (see Section ’Ventilation’ on page 42)
 Related to cable (see Section ’Cabling’ on page 44)
 Related to EMC ground (see Section ’EMC Ground’ on page 44)
 Related to Power supply and protective ground (see Section ’Power
Supply and Protective Ground’ on page 45)

Ventilation
The airflow through the equipment is critical for maintaining the proper
temperature range. The following precautions should therefore be
observed:
 As air is circulating inside the equipment from left to right (as seen
from front), allow at least 50 mm free air-space on each side of the
equipment.

Figure 2-1. Cooling air flow

Air in Air out

The cooling air flow direction depends of the platform hardware version.

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Mounting in Rack

In order to know the hardware version of your equipment you shall check
its PART NUMBER on the sticker located on the left side of the equipment
or indicated in the About box in the GUI.

Table 2-2. Air flow direction according to part number of the equipment

Part number Air flow direction (seen from front)

TNM-72XX (old platform) right to left (air extraction on the left side)

NAMBXX (new platform) left to right (air insertion on the left side)

Do not mix in the same rack platforms with inverted air flow
directions. This would cause hot air from one device being
introduced into other devices, resulting in a device fail-over.

 Prevent hot air from one device being introduced into other devices.
 Ensure adequate distribution of air flows to the device intakes.
 Avoid the effects of natural convection between devices.
 Avoid hot/cold air short-circuits.
 Avoid transverse effects in coupled racks.
 Prevent hot air from accumulating in the rack.
 Check the air flows: the rack should ensure a sufficient supply of cold
air and sufficient evacuation of hot air (according to the number of
devices mounted in the rack and their corresponding air flows).

The following important requirements should be added to the general


recommendations:
 The device must be installed in a room with low dust levels. The
maximum density of dust in the air must not exceed 100μg/m3 and the
maximum number of particles with a diameter greater than 1μm must
not exceed 1 million/m3. To prevent the power supply from
overheating, remember to regularly clean the rack filter according to
the manufacturer’s recommendations and clean Amethyst III air inlet
grill (at least twice a year).
 There must be enough room for a column of cold air to circulate on
the right of the chassis, from the bottom to the top of the rack and a
column of hot air to circulate on the left of the chassis, from the
bottom to the top of the rack.
 Cut the L-profiles so as they do not exceed 4 mm in height in the areas
facing equipment air inlet and outlet. This will prevent any hot air from
accumulating in the device.
 Given its exact 1RU height, Amethyst III can be placed on top of
another Amethyst III or other 1RU equipment without an L-profile. It is
however advisable to observe the following restrictions:

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Mounting in Rack

 If the rack is positioned on a pressurized floor, it is possible to


stack Amethyst III or other 1RU equipment in groups of four,
each group being separated from another group by a space of
1RU (however, maintenance operations are facilitated if these
groups are limited to two Amethyst III or other 1RU equipment).
 In the absence of a pressurized floor, limit the group size to two
Amethyst III.

Failure to observe these installation requirements will directly


result in a deterioration in performance, reliability and service
life of equipment.

Cabling
It is essential to separate the power supply cables from the signal cables.
When facing the rear of the rack (as the device is connected via the rear
panel), the power supply cables must be guided to the right of the chassis
and the signal cables to the left.

EMC Ground
The EMC connection is required to ensure ground equipotentiality
between the different devices in the technical center (this earth is not a
protective earth for electric shock protection).

The rear panel features a tapped hole of the equipment to connect an


bonding strip (only one connection is required per device). This bonding
strip has to be fixed using the M4 screw supplied with the equipment.
The bonding strip must have a 6 mm² cross-section and be shorter than
500 mm.

Figure 2-2. EMC earth side panel

The rack EMC DC bus (to which the Amethyst III EMC strip is connected)
must be connected to the rack ground pin. This pin must be connected to
the safety ground.

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Powering Up

Powering Up

Warnings

1. Supply power to the product with the type of power source


indicated on the marking label.
2. To prevent damage, protect the product from power
fluctuations and temporary interruptions with a regulating no
interruptible power supply. This device protects the hardware
from damage caused by power surges and voltage spikes. In
addition, it allows the product to operate temporarily during
a power failure.

Read and follow the important safety information in Section


’Safety Instructions’ on page 261, noting especially those
instructions related to risk of fire, electric shock or injury to
persons.

Power Supply and Protective Ground

Power Inlet
The power outlet comprises a power inlet with two connectors without
an On/Off switch.

Power Supply Cord(s)

Specifications
The AC mains power cords are not shipped with the device. Those you
will use must feature:
 Device end of cable: CEI 320 compliant connector.
 Flexible wire: 3 x 1 mm2 cross-section or 18 AWG, 10 A minimum,
250 V compliant with the applicable standard or rules of the country
where the device is installed.
 Mains outlet end of cable: plug compliant with the applicable standard
or rules of the country where the device is installed.

Recommendations Regarding the Mains Inlet


The connection panel should comply with the legislation in force in the
country of installation. The connection panel must be positioned in the

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Powering Up

rack in such a way that the plug and power cord(s) are within easy reach
for switching off purposes.

For (each) mains inlet, the wiring system must feature overload and earth
fault protection and a bipolar cut-off device or a differential circuit
breaker. If in doubt, contact a qualified electrician.

Connecting AC Mains Power Supply Cords


1. Plug the AC mains power supply cord to the power supply end and to
the Amethyst III end.
2. Repeat step1 for Amethyst III’s second power supply unit.

It is important to plug both power supply units. Otherwise, an alarm


will be raised and a red LED will be displayed on the front panel.

3. Wait a few seconds while the platform runs self-tests to check the
hardware.

After self-test completion, the front panel displays the equipment status.

The device is operational. The last stored configuration is active.

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Installing a Java Runtime Environment on the PC

Installing a Java Runtime Environment on the PC


Amethyst III can be supervised and configured remotely via a Web
graphical user interface using the Java technology. It is therefore
necessary to install a JRE on the remote PC you will use to supervise and
configure Amethyst III.

On the CD supplied with Amethyst III, in the JRE directory, you will find
the application for installing Java on your computer.

The JavaTM 2 Standard Edition Runtime Environment provides complete


runtime support for Java 2 applications.

Recommendation: if you use the same remote PC to access several


Amethyst with heterogeneous versions, it is recommended to deactivate
the temporary files storage in Java. To do so:
1. From the Control Panel, open the Java settings.
2. In the Temporary Internet Files area, click Settings.

Figure 2-3. Java Control Panel

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Installing a Java Runtime Environment on the PC

3. Uncheck the Keep temporary files on my computer box.

Figure 2-4. Temporary files settings

4. Click OK.
5. Click Apply.

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Configuring Amethyst III

Configuring Amethyst III


When the equipment is started for the first time, the following basic
settings must imperatively be done before any other operation:
 Setting the IP parameters
 Setting the date & time parameters

You can also perform the following settings:


 Setting the identity parameters
 Setting the SNMP parameters
 Setting the access right parameters
 Configuring the relays management

These operations can be performed either via the Equipment Setup


application you will find on the CD supplied with Amethyst III or via the
Amethyst III AMETH3-1U-2AC-FULL full front panel. The table below
gives the list of operations available with the application platform setup
and with the two models of front panel.

Table 2-3. Equipment setup and front panel capabilities

Full front Light front


Equipment panel panel
Functions
setup (AMETH3-1U- (AMETH3-1U-
2AC-FULL) 2AC-LITE)

Get the status of the equipment no yes yes

Get active and closed alarms no yes no

Get status of the inputs no yes no

Get status of the switchesa no yes yes

Get switch state no yes no

Perform a manual switch no yes no

Get monitoring outputs no yes no


configuration

Configure monitoring outputs no yes no

Configure the IP settings yes yes no

Configure the identity settings yes yes no

Configure the SNMP settings yes yes no

Configure the date & time yes yes no


settingsb

Configure the access right yes yes no


settings

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Configuring Amethyst III

Table 2-3. Equipment setup and front panel capabilities

Full front Light front


Equipment panel panel
Functions
setup (AMETH3-1U- (AMETH3-1U-
2AC-FULL) 2AC-LITE)

Configure the relays yes yes no


management

Reboot the equipment yes yes no

Delete equipment data yes yes no

Delete the closed alarms no yes no

Set maintenance mode no yes no

FEC activation no yes no

Change the current no yes no


configuration

Change the interface type yes yes no


(ASI/SMPTE 310M)c

Get product informationd yes yes no

Configure the backlight no yes n.a.

Configure the contrast no yes n.a.

Lock/unlock the keyboard no yes n.a.

Discover the pieces of yes no no


equipment on the local
network

Launch the Java applet (for yes no no


complete configuration and
supervision)
a To
know how the switches status are computed, refer to the page 162.
b There are several ways of setting the time:
- manually,
- using a NTP or SNTP server,
- using the incoming TDT or TOT in DVB mode, or the incoming STT in ATSC mode.
c
Available only on a single switch platform in ATSC mode. Modifying the interface type
implies a reboot of the equipment. Configurations are valid for both types of interfaces.
d
Firmware version, product commercial reference, serial number and part number.

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Configuring Amethyst III

Using the Equipment Setup Application


The Equipment Setup application (supplied on the CD-ROM) lets you
perform the basic setup of the equipment (including the IP address)
through the Ethernet network. It also lets you discover the devices that
are present on the local network, and this even if their IP address is not
configured.

Proceed as follows to connect to your equipment:


1. Double-click the EquipmentSetup.jar file to launch the Equipment
Setup application.

Figure 2-5. Equipment Setup application

2. Choose one of the following options:


 If you know the IP address of the equipment, check the first option: IP
address is known and reachable and enter the IP address in the field.
This method must be used if the equipment is not on the local
network, but can however be reached through routers.
 If you do not know the IP address of the equipment (this being
however connected to the local network), check the second option: IP
address is unknown or unreachable.
3. Click Connect in the menu bar on the left.
4. If you chose the first option, skip to step 7.
5. If you chose the second option, the list of detected equipment on the
local network is displayed (see Figure 2-6). Criteria may be given,
such as serial number and/or part number.
For each piece of equipment, the following information is provided:
 Equipment name

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Configuring Amethyst III

 IP address
 Serial number
 Product type: commercial reference and options
 Version

Figure 2-6. List of detected equipment

6. Select one piece of equipment from the list to reach its setup.
7. Click Select in the menu bar on the left.

Once you are connected to the equipment, a setup information summary


is displayed.

Figure 2-7. Setup information summary

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Configuring Amethyst III

Once connected, a number of actions can be performed:


 IP settings: setting the IP address, subnet mask and default gateway
for the interface.

 If the IP address is not properly set yet, only the IP settings


menu is available.
 Set at least the equipment IP address and subnet mask in
order to be able to access it remotely via the Web supervision
application.

 Setup parameters: setting all other setup parameters.


 Identity: equipment name
 SNMP: configuration of read and read-write communities, trap
address and access list mode.
 Date & Time: configuration of UTC date, local offset, and
daylight savings.
 Clock settings: the clock can be synchronized on an external
source, which can be an NTP server or an incoming table (TDT
or TOT in DVB mode; STT in ATSC mode).
 User rights: you may define some users, and for each user the
list of actions he/she is entitled to perform. You can also protect
some supervision and configuration actions with a password.
Rights are as follows:
- With the Modify configuration rights, you can create a new
configuration or modify an existing configuration.
- With the Apply configuration rights, you can apply an
existing configuration.
- With the Remove configuration rights, you can remove a
configuration that is not applied to the equipment.
- With the Delete closed alarms rights, you can delete the list
of closed alarms.
- With the Manual switch rights, you can perform manual
switch requests.
- With the Monitoring output selection rights, you can
choose the behavior of monitoring outputs.
- With the Reset monitoring counters rights, you can reset
the tests counters.
- With the Set maintenance mode rights, you can switch on
the maintenance mode of the equipment.
- With the FEC activation mode, you can reactivate the FEC
correction or generation of the equipment in case of
deactivation.

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Powering Off the Device

To be able to create a configuration and apply it to the equipment,


you must have the Modify and the Apply rights.

Relays: you may define the relays meaning:


- Relay 1: Power or defined in configuration (as discussed
inSection ’Relays’ on page 156).
- Relay 2: Error or defined in configuration.
- Relay 3: Warning or defined in configuration.

Relay 4 is always defined in the configuration.

Interfaces (available only on platforms in ATSC mode): lets you


change the interface type from ASI to SMPTE 310M or inversely.
This operation implies a reboot of the equipment.

Configurations are valid for both types of interfaces.

Reboot: making the equipment restart.


Delete equipment data: formatting the compact flash card. This
deletes all the configurations and the closed alarms list.
Supervise: launching the equipment Web GUI.
Back: going back to previous display.

Powering Off the Device


Once you have configured the IP address and the date and time of the
equipment, turn off the device by unplugging the power supply cables.

Indeed, while you perform the signal connection, it is imperative that the
platform be powered off.

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Connecting System I/O Ports

Connecting System I/O Ports


The connectors are described in Figure 1-22 (ASI platform) and
Figure 1-23 (IP platform).
1. Connect the upstream and downstream devices
 To the (ASI) INx connectors and the (ASI) OUTx connectors
respectively for Amethyst III with ASI board(s).

Figure 2-8. ASI wiring example

2 ASI Out for


monitoring
ASI In 1

Equipment A
ASI Out 1
Switch (smart-secured)
Equipment B ASI Out 2
ASI In 2 for stream duplication

Outputs can be smart-secured. Smart-secured outputs shall always


be connected (at least to the provided 75 Ohms stubs). Should they
not be connected, some input synchronization problems may
appear, resulting in invasive switching.
Refer to the Section ’ASI Interfaces’ on page 196 for more
information.

 To the Ethx connectors for Amethyst III with a Gigabit Ethernet


board.

Figure 2-9. Ethernet wiring example

Switch 1
2 TS over IP IP
1o 2 TS over IP
TS

Eth1 Eth2
TS
2o
IP

Switch 2
IP
TS1'o
IP
TS2'o

2 TS over IP 2 TS over IP

Eth3 Eth4
output duplication (fully
configurable)

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Powering Back On the Device

2. Connect the supervision network to the ETH C/C connector.

Check that Amethyst III is not yet connected to the LAN as factory-set
IP addresses may cause disturbance on the LAN when Amethyst III is
switched on (address conflict).

For Amethyst III devices equipped with a Gigabit Ethernet board, be


sure that the supervision network (ETH C/C) and the data network are
separated. HTTPs requests originating from the remote control
interface are small but numerous and disturb multicast broadcasting
and devices.

3. If required, connect the GPI triggers (refer to Section ’GPI Inputs


(Triggers)’ on page 201 for more information on GPIs).

Once the platform is turned on, do not unplug the GPI cables.
Plugging and unplugging cables induces a voltage change and
causes actions associated to a state change (e.g. a switch operation).

4. If required, connect the free voltage contact relays (refer to Section


’Free Voltage Contacts (Relays)’ on page 202 for more information
on relays).

Powering Back On the Device


Once you have made all the signal connections, you can power back on
the device.

Proceed as before, as described in Section ’Powering Up’ on page 45.

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Chapter 2 ’Installation and Startup’ — Starting the Application

Starting the Application


1. Start your Web browser (IE recommended).
2. Enter the IP address of the Amethyst III equipment in the address line.
The browser starts connecting to the equipment and downloading the
supervision interface (java applet).
3. At the very first download, the Certificate dialog should display, click
Always for using all the Amethyst III functionalities.
4. Set the device configuration via the Web Browser Interface as
explained in Chapter 3.

It is recommended to open only one Amethyst III applet at a time in the


Web browser on the same PC.

After the upgrade of an Amethyst, if the JAVA cache is not deactivated, it


is recommended to remove the resources associated to the previous
applet version before loading the new applet version or the connection
to the equipment may fail. To do so:
1. From the Control Panel, open the Java settings.
2. In the Temporary Internet Files area, click View.

Figure 2-10. Java Control Panel

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3. Select all files and click the remove button.

Figure 2-11. Java Cache Viewer

4. Click Close.
5. Click Apply.

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3 Chapter
Web Browser Interface

Introduction

This chapter explains how to use the Web Browser Graphical User
Interface to configure and supervise the equipment.

Content of this Chapter

’Reaching the GUI’.......................................................................page 60

’GUI Overview’.............................................................................page 61

’Basic Settings’.............................................................................page 72

’Advanced Settings’.....................................................................page 95

’Interface Description’.................................................................page 116

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Chapter 3 ’Web Browser Interface’ — Reaching the GUI

Reaching the GUI


The Graphical User Interface (GUI) is a Java applet. This Java applet can
be easily launched using a Web browser.

Figure 3-1. Reaching the GUI

Before starting the applet, please check that the right JRE is installed on
your computer (see the Section ’Installing a Java Runtime
Environment on the PC’ on page 47 for further details).

To launch the Java applet:


1. Open a Web browser (Internet Explorer recommended).
2. Enter the equipment IP address in the address bar.
3. At the very first download, the Certificate dialog should display, click
Always for using all the Amethyst III functionalities.

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Chapter 3 ’Web Browser Interface’ — GUI Overview

GUI Overview
This section describes the general organization of the graphical user
interface and its main components.

General Organization
Figure 3-2 shows how the graphical user interface is organized.

Figure 3-2. GUI overview

Configuration panel

Snapshot view

Alarm panel

Status bar

The GUI contains the following areas:


 A Snapshot panel that lets you see in real-time all the transport
streams received by the equipment in a tree representation.
 A Configuration panel from where you can perform configuration and
monitoring. This area contains several tabs. Click them to navigate in
the GUI.
 An Alarm panel that shows the alarms that are raised on the
equipment.
 A Status bar that provides information on the equipment status, the
date and time, etc.

All these elements are described in the following sections.

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Customizing the Display

Resizing the Columns


In arrays, columns can be resized. Move your mouse cursor between two
header columns. The mouse cursor should change to . Click and drag
the column to the desired size, and then release the mouse button.

Sorting Elements in Arrays


In any array, you can sort elements by any column. To do so, click the
header column once. A white arrow appears in this header.

To change the sorting mode, click the header once more. When sorted in
increasing order, the arrow is displayed. In decreasing order, the
arrow is shown.

Commonly Used Elements


Some elements are recurrent in the GUI, as pictograms for instance.
These elements are described here.

Status Pictograms
Table 3-1 lists the status pictograms used in the GUI.

Table 3-1. Status pictograms

Status icon Meaning

OK

Information message

Warning

Minor error

Major error

Critical error

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Other Pictograms

Table 3-2. Pictograms

Pictogram Meaning Behaviour

Add Adds an item to a list.

Remove Removes a selected item from a list.

Edit Edits a parameter.

Search Indicates a search field.

Tables
The GUI contains numerous tables. In some of them, it is possible to
modify the content.

To modify a value in a table, double-click the corresponding cell and type


the new value or if it is a list, select a value from the list.

To add an item to a list, click the button.

To remove an item from a list, select a line and click the button.

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Configuration Panel
The Configuration panel gives access to the following tabs:
 The Switches tab is mainly used to display the current state of the
switches and to perform manual switching.
 The Outputs tab is used to define what content should be sent to
monitoring outputs, and to perform a switch operation on Amethyst III
with IP interfaces.
 The Tests tab provides a global overview of the quality of service of a
selected input. Alarms are sorted by TR 101 290 level and advanced
level.
 The Automation tab is used to define the activation time of
configurations stored in the Amethyst III memory.
 The Statistics tab displays several types of chart (i.e. pie chart, line
chart, stacking area chart, bar chart) that show the input streams
content and the associated bit rates.
 The Ethernet, FEC tab provides statistics on an Ethernet or IP input
with FEC, if you have the FEC option.
 The configuration tabs are used to edit one or more configurations.
Each tab carries the name that you defined for the configuration.

They are all described later in this section with detailed information on
commands found in the different GUI panels.

Configuration Tabs

Purpose
The Configuration tabs are used to edit one or more configurations.
Once edited, the configurations are sent to the equipment for storage or
application.

Description
Configurations are listed in tabs.

Figure 3-3. List of configurations

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In the list of configurations, the way the name of the configuration is


written in the tab indicates its status.

Table 3-3. List of configurations

Type of
Display Example Definition
configuration

Green mark prior the Active Configuration that


configuration’s name configuration is currently being
used by the
equipment.

Configuration’s name New configuration Configuration that


written between has not been sent
brackets to the equipment.

Normal text Configuration sent Configuration that


to the equipment has been sent to
the equipment but
is not currently
being used.

Color of the tab in a Displayed Configuration that


slightly lighter grey configuration is currently being
than the other tabs displayed in the
working area.

Small star next to the Configuration in Configuration that


configuration’s name edition is currently being
modified.

The buttons displayed on the configuration toolbar vary according to the


actions that you are allowed to perform.

Figure 3-4. Configuration toolbar

The toolbar buttons are spread out on two lines:


 The first line contains buttons dedicated to opening or creating a
configuration.
 The second line applies to the configuration that is selected in the list
of configurations.

Possible actions depend on the configuration status (Active


configuration, New configuration, Configuration sent to the equipment,

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Displayed configuration, Configuration in edition, Default configuration).


They are described in Table 3-4 and Table 3-5 .

Table 3-4. Toolbar buttons (first line)

Click To

Open Open a configuration from a file stored on a PC or


on a network drive.

New Create a new configuration manually.

Table 3-5. Toolbar buttons (second line)

Click To

Rename Rename the configuration.

Remove Remove the configuration from the list of


configurations. It is not possible to remove the
active configuration.

Send Send the configuration to the equipment’s


memory.

Apply Make the selected configuration active on the


equipment. This button is not available if
automation is running.

Save Save the configuration to a file (to be stored on a PC


or on a network drive).

Copy Duplicate the configuration.

Check Check the configuration’s coherence.

Edit/Unedit Switch between the Edition mode and the


Read-only mode.
When clicking Unedit, all modifications in the
configuration that is currently modified are lost.

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Customizing the Configuration Tabs’ Layout


By default, each tab is displayed as shown in Figure 3-2 on page 61. You
can choose either to keep such a layout, to display several tabs at a time,
or to display a single tab at a time.

To display several tabs at a time:


1. Click a tab’s name and hold the mouse button down.
2. Drag and drop the tab to where you want to display it in the view.

A white-outlined rectangle will appear to show you the new possible


position. An example is shown in Figure 3-5 below.

Figure 3-5. Possible tabs’ layout

1. Click the tab and hold the mouse

2. Drag the tab

One tab

3. Drop the tab


White outlined rectangle
indicating the new
position of the tab

Two tabs

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The tab is then moved to its new position. In our example, the tab is
displayed under the previous tab in the list of configurations.

You can modify the order of tabs in the list of configurations by


dragging & dropping them from a position to another.

To move the tab back to its original position, proceed the same
way: click the tab’s name and hold the mouse button, and then drag and
drop the tab next to the other tabs in the list of configurations.

To display a single tab in the whole view, double-click the tab.


Double-click it again to display your previous tabs’ layout.

Views

Figure 3-6. GUI views

for ASI configurations

for IP configurations

For each configuration, several views are available.


 The Switches view contains the main configuration.
 The Tests view lets you configure the tests carried out by Amethyst III.
 The GPIO view lets you define GPI and relay actions.
 The Switches associations view lets you associate switches so that
they have the same input position.
 The Ethernet Interfaces view lets you set the technical parameters of
the Ethernet ports and enable/disable port bypass (available in IP
configurations only).
 The Forwarding rules view lets you to define forwarding rules to
forward IP datagrams to certain destinations.

The name of the currently displayed view is surrounded (e.g. Switches in


Figure 3-6).

Each view is described in Section ’Interface Description’ on page 116.

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Alarms Panel
The Alarms panel lists all the equipment alarms. It contains two tabs:
 The Active alarms tab shows all alarms that are active at the current
time.
 The Closed alarms tab shows all past alarms.

When an alarm disappears, it is moved from the Active alarms tab to the
Closed alarms tab.

In each tab, the following information is displayed:


 The Level column displays icons reporting the alarm severity:
 : Minor, Major or Critical
 : Warning message
 : Information message
 The Extent column identifies the element concerned by the alarm.
 The Description column gives an alarm description.
 The Start column gives the rising alarm time.
 The End column gives the falling alarm time (for closed alarms only).

Figure 3-7. Alarms panel - Active alarms tab

Figure 3-8. Alarms panel - Closed alarms tab

To display simultaneously active and closed alarms, drag one tab.

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Alarms (active and closed) are saved in the flash memory, and are
restored when the equipment is rebooted.

See Appendix F ’Alarms’ for an exhaustive list of alarms.

Clear and Save Buttons


These buttons are located at the top right corner of the Alarm panel.

The Clear button deletes the content of the closed alarms list.

The Save button is used to save the alarms (active and closed) into a text
file. When you click the Save button, a dialog box will appear so that you
can choose the file name and directory for log saving. Once saved, the
log file can be opened and read with any word processor application
software.

Status Bar
Figure 3-9. The status bar

CPU usage Internal Global status Name and IP address of Date Time Product
indication temperature of the the equipment to which the and zone information
equipment application is connected time

The status bar gives the following information:


 CPU gives a graphical indication of the CPU load (usage ratio).
 Internal temperature of Amethyst III.
 Status gives the general status of the device internal processing.
 if there is one or more errors
 if there is no error but one or more warnings
 if there is no error and no warning
 MAINTENANCE label if the equipment is in maintenance mode
 Name and IP address of the equipment.
 Date and Time give the local time and date.

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 Time zone lets your force the time zone value, which can be selected
among:
 The time zone of the equipment (default value)
 The time zone of the supervision device
 Any time zone available in the list

The choice of the time zone only affects the display of all date
and time values in the client GUI: time in the status bar and
alarms raising and closing times (active and closed). It does
not have any impact on the time of alarms stored in the
database, or on the time in other client GUI connected to the
equipment.

 About displays software and hardware information about the


equipment:
 Part number
 Serial number
 Version number
 Options
You can also find information to contact Thomson Video Networks.

Figure 3-10. About window (example)

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Chapter 3 ’Web Browser Interface’ — Basic Settings

Basic Settings
This section and the following one (’Advanced Settings’) contain a
step-by-step operating procedure that will introduce you to the
capabilities and features of Amethyst III.

The steps for basic settings are the following:


 ’Creating a New Configuration’
 ’Setting the Input Parameters’
 ’Setting the Switch Parameters’
 ’Setting the Output Parameters’
 ’Setting the GigE Interface Parameters (for IP Amethyst III)’
 ’Setting an IP Forwarding (for IP Amethyst III)’
 ’Editing a Tests Group’
 ’Getting an Overview of the Switches Status’
 ’Getting an Overview of the Quality of Service’
 ’Performing a Manual Switching’
 ’Setting the Outputs for Monitoring’

Only basic settings are developed in this section. For advanced settings,
refer to section Section ’Advanced Settings’ on page 95.

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Creating a New Configuration


1. Click New in the Configuration panel toolbar to create a new
configuration.

The Switches view of a predefined configuration is displayed in the


working area.

Figure 3-11. Predefined configuration

ASI configuration

IP configuration

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2. Rename the configuration by clicking the Rename button in the


toolbar.

Figure 3-12. Renaming the configuration

3. In the Switches view, adapt your configuration. In this example you


will successively:
 Set the input parameters.
 Set the switch parameters.
 Set the output parameters.

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Setting the Input Parameters


1. Double-click the Input item to set up.

ASI inputs

Figure 3-13. Editing the ASI input parameters

IP inputs

Figure 3-14. Editing the IP input parameters

Common parameters
1. Enter a proper name in the Name field. For example, you can name
the inputs based on the upstream equipment (e.g.: Multiplex DTT R6
Backup).

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2. Select the tests group to apply from the Associated group of tests
drop-down list. By default, there is only one group of tests, named
Tests group, and it is applied to all inputs. If you want to apply different
tests to the inputs, you need to define several groups of tests
beforehand (refer to Section ’Editing a Tests Group’ on page 87).

Parameters specific to IP inputs


3. Select the Ethernet port which supplies the stream in the Interface
field.
4. Define the following IP parameters:
 Source IP address if you have checked the Define source IP
address box
 Source IP port if you have checked the Define source IP port box
 Destination IP address (mandatory)
 Destination IP port if you have checked the Destination IP
address box
 IGMP protocol version (no IGMP, IGMP v2, IGMP v3, IGMP v3
with source address)
 VLAN Id if you wish to define it
5. If needed, activate the FEC correction of the IP input stream. The FEC
matrix type and size will be detected automatically.

Parameters specific to T2-MI option


6. For a T2-MI stream, check the T2-MI Stream box and set the PID of the
stream in the field.

In all cases
7. Enable the new settings by clicking the cross in the top right
corner of the dialog box.

For more information on items parameters, refer to the Section ’ASI


Input Items’ on page 123 and Section ’IP Input Item’ on page 124.

Proceed the same way for all inputs of your configuration.

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Setting the Switch Parameters


1. Double-click the Switch item to set up.

ASI switch

Figure 3-15. Editing the ASI switch parameters

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IP switch

Figure 3-16. Editing the IP switch parameters

1. Enter a proper name in the Name field. For example, you can name
the ASI switch after the TS number.
2. Select the strategy to apply from the Strategy drop-down list. Three
strategy options are available: Redundancy, Main-spare, Manual.
3. In the Switch delay area, enter the delays before switching in the
respective fields for minor alarm, for major alarm and for critical
alarm. This setting is required to avoid unwanted switching when
transitory events occur.

For more information on item parameters, refer to the Section ’Switch


Item (ASI or IP)’ on page 126 and Section ’Switch Item (ASI or IP)’ on
page 126.

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4. Indicate if the Input stream is a transport stream (TS) or a T2-MI


stream.
5. If the input stream is a TS, set the parameters in the Delay
compensation settings area:
a. Check the Apply time delay box (if required) and set the Input to
delay, Duration and the Input TS bitrate (max) parameters.

b. Check the Activate synchronization box (if required) and select


the synchronization pattern from the Redundancy drop-down
list:
- If set to Network or to SFN adapter, set the PID, the Search
window +/- (in milliseconds) and the Input TS bitrate (max)
(in bits per second) parameters in the respective fields.
Refer to Section ’Using the Time Delay and Synchronization
Features’ on page 102 to get some help for adjusting these
parameters.
If the input stream is a T2-MI stream, set the parameters in the T2-MI
synchronization area. For details on these parameters, refer to
Section ’T2-MI Synchronization Area’ on page 129.

Proceed the same way for all switches of your configuration.

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Setting the Output Parameters


1. Double-click the Output item to set up.

TS over ASI outputs

Figure 3-17. Editing the ASI output parameters for ASI outputs 1/3/5/7

Figure 3-18. Editing the ASI output parameters for ASI outputs 2/4/6/8

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TS over IP outputs

Figure 3-19. Editing the IP output parameters

Common parameters
1. Enter a proper name in the Name field. For example, you can name
the outputs after the pieces of equipment they send their content to.
2. Check the Deactivate output if level is critical box if required.

Parameters specific to TS over ASI outputs


3. Define the Smart capabilities (applicable to ASI outputs 1/3/5/7):
 Select the mode: Active (recommended), Passive or
ActiveDefault.
 Select the bypass source: ASI switch, ASI primary Input, ASI
secondary input.

When the bypass is activated, there will be a temporary link down.


The link down duration depends on upstream and downstream
devices. So it is unpredictable.

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For more information on item parameters, refer to the Section ’ASI


Output Item’ on page 130.

Parameters specific to TS over IP outputs


4. Select the Ethernet port where the stream will be sent in the Interface
field.
5. Check the Masquerading box (if required) then fill in the following
fields: Define source IP address, Define source UDP port, Define
destination IP address, Define destination UDP port.
Indicate if you want to use the same VLAN setting as in input (Same
as input), or if you want to force a VLAN setting (Define VLAN) in
which case you must indicate its identifier.

It is not possible to add a VLAN information if the original session


does not already contain VLAN.

6. Check the FEC generation box if you want to generate FEC in output.
If so, choose the type of FEC that should be generated (1D or 2D) and
indicate the number of rows and of columns of the matrix. FEC
generation is possible only over a CBR input stream over RTP.
7. Check the Fail over box (if required) then select the backup Ethernet
port from the Backup interface drop-down list. It must be different
from the main one.

For more information on item parameters, refer to the Section ’IP


Output Item’ on page 132.

Proceed the same way for all outputs of your configuration.

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Setting the GigE Interface Parameters (for IP


Amethyst III)
You need to define Ethernet port parameters and enable/disable the
bypass feature for each pair of Ethernet ports (Ethernet 1 – Ethernet 2,
Ethernet 3 – Ethernet 4) as described below.
1. Go to the Ethernet Interfaces view.

Figure 3-20. Ethernet Interfaces view - Ethernet parameters

2. In the tree on the left, click each Ethernet node, then


a. Enter a proper name in the Name field.

b. Select the speed/mode of the Ethernet interface from the Mode


drop-down list. Four Ethernet speed/mode are available: Auto,
1000 Base-T, Half duplex/100 Base-TX, Full duplex/100 Base-TX.

c. Set the IP address of the Ethernet port in the IP address field.


This address is only used as source address for IGMP requests.

The configured IP address is used for IGMP requests whatever the


input VLAN configuration is.

3. In the tree on the left, click the Bypass node, then enable or disable the
bypass for each pair of Ethernet ports (Ethernet 1 – Ethernet 2,
Ethernet 3 – Ethernet 4).

Figure 3-21. Ethernet Interfaces view - Bypass feature

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Setting an IP Forwarding (for IP Amethyst III)


The Forwarding rules view lets you define rules to forward IP datagrams
received from an Ethernet port to another Ethernet port.

These rules are applied in addition to switching rules and are made to
manage traffic such as control in-band traffic so that Amethyst III does
not create a cutoff point.

Figure 3-22. Forwarding rules view

Adding a Forwarding Rule


1. In the tree on the left, right-click the Forwarding rules root node then
select Add and choose Forwarding rule.

Figure 3-23. Adding a forwarding rule

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The newly created rule is automatically selected in the tree and you
can set its parameters.

Figure 3-24. Editing a forwarding rule

2. Enter a proper name for the forwarding rule in the Name field.
3. Choose the options you want to enable by checking the boxes then
defining the value of the characteristics which will identify the IP traffic
to forward.

For more information on the parameters, refer to Section ’Forwarding


Rules Parameters’ on page 159.

Defining a Destination Interface for a Forwarding Rule


By default, all datagrams with the configured characteristics
will be sent to all the other Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. You
can restrict the number of Gigabit Ethernet interface destinations and
define a back-up destination Gigabit Ethernet interface. To do so:
1. In the tree on the left, right-click the node of a forwarding rule, select
Add and select Destination interface.

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Figure 3-25. Adding a destination interface

2. Select the Ethernet port from the Destination interface drop-down list.
3. Check the Activate fail-over box.

Figure 3-26. Setting a destination interface and enabling the fail-over

4. Enter the back-up interface if you want to define a back-up destination


Gigabit Ethernet interface where the traffic will be sent when the main
destination Gigabit Ethernet interface is link-down.
The traffic will be redirected through the destination interface as soon
as it is available.

For more information on the parameters, refer to Section ’Gigabit


Ethernet Destination Interface Parameters’ on page 160.

Deleting a Forwarding Rule


In the tree on the left, right-click the node of the rule to delete and select
Delete.

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Editing a Tests Group


If you want to apply different tests to the inputs, you need to define
several groups of tests as described below.
1. Go to the Tests view.
2. In the tree on the left, right-click the Groups node, select Add and enter
a proper name in the Name field.

Figure 3-27. Adding a group of tests

Figure 3-28. Naming a group of tests

3. In the tree on the left, right-click the Tests group item which has been
created, select Add and choose from the list the tests you wish to
apply on the input.

Figure 3-29. Adding tests to a group

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4. Edit the test parameters and their persistence (they depend on the
selected test).

Figure 3-30. Editing the test parameters (here the TR 101 290 Level 1- PMT
scrambling test)

For more information on item parameters, refer to the Section


’TR101.290 + Template Checking’ on page 203.

For information on persistence, see Section ’Persistence’ on page 135.


5. Go back to the Switches view.
6. Double-click the input item and select the tests group to apply from
the Associated group of tests drop-down list.

Figure 3-31. Applying a tests group to an input

7. Click the Apply toolbar button to apply your configuration.

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Getting an Overview of the Switches Status


You can then go to the Switches tab to have an overview of the switches
status.

Figure 3-32. Supervising the ASI switches

ASI switches

Figure 3-33. Supervising the IP switches

IP switches

For each pair of inputs linked to a switch, a blue background indicates


which input is used. You can click an input that is not used to perform a
switch operation.

For more information on this tab, refer to the Section ’Switches Tab’ on
page 161.

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Getting an Overview of the Quality of Service


You can then go to the Tests tab to have a global overview of the quality
of service of a specific input. Alarms are sorted by TR 101 290 level and
advanced level.

Figure 3-34. Supervising the quality of service of a specific input

The quality of service can be assessed through the LED and counters
associated to the configured tests.

If the LED is green , the corresponding test is configured, and there


is currently no corresponding current alarm. The associated counter
indicates the number of alarms that occurred on the selected input
since the last counter reset.

Click on the Reset Counters button at the top right of the screen to reset
all alarms counters for this input.

For more information on this tab, refer to the Section ’Tests Tab’ on
page 174.

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Performing a Manual Switching


1. Go to the Switches tab.

For each pair of inputs linked to a switch, a blue background indicates


which input is currently active.

Figure 3-35. Performing a manual ASI switching

ASI switches

Figure 3-36. Performing a manual IP switching

IP switches

2. Click an input that is not active to perform a manual switch operation.

For more information on this tab, refer to the Section ’Switches Tab’ on
page 161.

On Amethyst III with IP interfaces, you can also perform a physical GigE
interface switch operation in the Outputs view by clicking the main or
backup interface that is not currently used (i.e. on gray background).

Notice that there is no automatic restore:


 When the fail-over is activated, and the output GigE interface is
link-down, the TS is sent on the back-up GigE interface (if this interface
is link-up).
 There is no automatic restore when the main GigE interface comes up.

It is possible to switch back on the wished interface through the GUI or


via SNMP.

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Figure 3-37. Performing a manual IP switching in the Outputs view

for IP switches Click here to perform switching on IP Switch 1

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Setting the Outputs for Monitoring


In ASI, all the outputs that are not configured in the main configuration
are automatically considered as monitoring outputs.

In IP, you must explicitly add monitoring outputs in your configuration.


To do so, in your main configuration, right-click the Outputs item, choose
Add and select Monitoring IP.

Figure 3-38. Specifying an IP monitoring output

You can then define what content should be sent to monitoring outputs
(ASI or IP, the process is the same). To do so:
1. Go to the Outputs tab.

Figure 3-39. Supervising the ASI outputs

for ASI outputs

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Figure 3-40. Supervising the IP outputs

for IP outputs

2. Click the button associated to a monitoring output then choose


the content to broadcast:
 Input: content of one input
 Switch input: content selected by a switch
 Switch off air input: content not selected by a switch

Figure 3-41. Selecting an output content

For more information on this tab, refer to the Section ’Outputs Tab’ on
page 165.

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Advanced Settings
The steps for advanced settings are the following (applicable to all
Amethyst III models):
 ’Setting Switches Association’
 ’Setting GPI and Relays’:
 Setting GPIs
 Defining the equipment status to be reported through the relays
 ’Setting the Automation’ to schedule configurations

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Setting Switches Association

Switches Associations Concept


By default, switches outputs are autonomous.

Amethyst III lets you perform switches associations. In an associations,


the switches are positioned similarly, either all on their primary input or
all on their secondary input. Amethyst III then chooses the input (primary
or secondary input of the switches) that results in the least severity in the
association.

The primary input of a switch is always the one that has the lowest
number, whatever the order in which you added the inputs in the
configuration.

Switches Associations Configuration Principle


In the Switches association view you have to define for each association:
 The switches you want to add
 Whether the association may be disabled if it implies positioning a
switch with a Redundancy or Main-spare strategy on an input that is
in error although the other input’s state is better. In this case, each
switch will behave independently. This feature is called Disable
association on severity and requires that you define the level of error
that will disable the association (see example 4 below).

There are a few rules that should be followed:


 In an association, you cannot mix switches with a main-spare strategy
and switches with a redundancy strategy. However, switches with a
manual strategy can be mixed with another strategy.
 In an association where the switch strategy is main-spare, the main
input must be the same in all switches, i.e. it must be either the first
primary or the secondary input of each switch.
 Switches with a manual strategy do not contribute to the switching
decision, they follow the movement.

If you switch manually on one main-spare switch of the


association, this changes the main input of all main-spare
switches of the association.

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 You may set several associations on a same Amethyst III equipment.


However, one switch can only be part of one switches association. For
instance:
 In ASI:
- Association #1 = ASI switch #1 + ASI switch #2
- Association #2 = ASI switch #3 + ASI switch #4
 In IP:
- Association #1 = IP switch #1 + IP switch #2 + IP switch #3
- Association #2 = IP switch #4 + IP switch #5
- Association #3 = IP switch #6 + IP switch #7

Switches Associations Configuration


To associate switches, proceed as follows:
1. Select the configuration tab then go to the Switches Associations
view. Only the Associations node is displayed in the tree on the left
area of the view.

Figure 3-42. Switches Associations view

2. In the tree on the left, right-click the Associations node, select Add and
choose Association.

Figure 3-43. Adding a Switches Association

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3. Enter a proper name in the Name field and check or not the Disable
association on severity box.

Figure 3-44. Editing the Switches Association parameters

4. Right-click the Associations item you have just created, select Add and
choose from the list the switch you wish to include into the
association.

Figure 3-45. Adding a switch to an association

Repeat this step for the other switch you wish to include in the
association.

Figure 3-46. Example of association after completion

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Examples of Switches Associations


Example 1:

Figure 3-47. Switches association: example 1

Input 1
Switch 1
redundancy
Input 2

Input 3
Switch 2
redundancy
Input 4

 Highest severity of the primary inputs = Major


 Highest severity of the secondary inputs = Critical
Major < Critical (see Table 3-8 on page 135 for the details on severity)
=> Amethyst III chooses to use the primary inputs.

Example 2:

Figure 3-48. Switches association: example 2

Input 1
Switch 1
redundancy
Input 2

Input 3
Switch 2
redundancy
Input 4

Input 5
Switch 3
redundancy
Input 6

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 Primary inputs = 1 OK, 2 Critical


 Secondary inputs = 2 OK, 1 Critical
=> Amethyst III selects the secondary inputs of the switches because
it minimizes the number of inputs with a critical severity.

Example 3:

Figure 3-49. Switches association: example 3

Input 1
Switch 1
redundancy
Input 2

Input 3
Switch 2
redundancy
Input 4

Input 5
Switch 3
redundancy
Input 6

To choose the input to use in a switches association, Amethyst III does


not take into account the state of inputs of switches with a manual
strategy.

Example 4:
 The Disable association on severity parameter is set to Critical.
 The association is made of Switch 1 and Switch 2
 Each switch contains 2 inputs.
 Input 1 and input 4 = critical
 Input 2 and input 3 are not critical
=> the association is disabled.
=> Switch 1 selects input 2 whereas Switch 2 selects input 3. An alarm
is raised.

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Figure 3-50. Switches association: example 4

Input 1
Switch 1
redundancy
Input 2

Input 3
Switch 2
redundancy
Input 4

You should also note that when the Delay before switching option is set
on a switch, during the delay before switching, if both inputs have the
same error level, the switch is considered as having no opinion in the
association. In other words, it is not taken into account for choosing the
input to use.

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Using the Time Delay and Synchronization Features


Amethyst III features two delay management mechanisms:
 Time delay: applies a given delay on one of the two inputs.
 Synchronization: consists in realigning both streams based on a
pattern.

Let us focus on a network redundancy case: your stream is duplicated for


redundancy purposes and is conveyed by two paths, one being more
direct than the other one.

Figure 3-51. Delay management example

ASI Switch 2
Delay: input 3
Identical streams 600 ms

at 24 Mbps
ASI
input 4

In Figure 3-51, ASI input 3 is delayed by 600 ms compared to ASI input 4.

You thus want to resynchronize the two inputs so that the switch
operation be totally seamless, without any service disruption.

To do so, you need to configure the time delay. However, at start, you do
not necessarily know the delay value, nor which input is delayed
compared to the other. This procedure can thus be divided into two main
steps:
1. You first set the synchronization at a high value.
2. Once having applied the configuration,
 Amethyst III is able to indicate the real delay value. This lets you
refine your configuration: you can define a time delay value on
the input that is in advance, and reduce the synchronization
maximum value in order to reduce the latency.
 Amethyst III is not able to indicate the delay. You have to find
manually the real delay defining several time delay values
before optimizing the configuration.

The configuration procedure is fully described hereafter.

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Performing a First Delay Compensation Setting


Proceed as follows:
1. In your configuration, go to the Switches view and Edit the
configuration.
2. Double-click the switch where you want to apply delay, which is, in our
example, ASI Switch 2.
3. Check the Activate synchronization box.
4. Keep the Redundancy to Network.
5. In the PID field, enter the PID on which the synchronization must be
performed. The default value is 0 (PAT PID), and is a suitable value for
standard streams.
6. Set the Search window +/- to 500 milliseconds.
7. Set the Input TS bitrate (max) value at 24 Mbps.

The Input TS bitrate (max) value must not be lower than the real
input bit rate. It must not exceed it too much either (try not to exceed
the real bit rate of more than 10%). For instance, if the real input bit
rate is 20 Mbps, you should not set the value to 40 Mbps.

In IP synchronization, the IP bit rate shall be as close as possible to


the real bit rate in order to optimize the memory usage. The
estimated bit rate is indicated in the synchronization diagram.

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Figure 3-52. Setting the delay compensation parameters (ASI)

8. Apply the configuration.

Reading the Real Input Delay Value


1. Select the Switches supervision tab.
2. In the Switches area, click the switch item on which you configured the
delay compensation, that is, ASI Switch 2.

A dialog box is displayed and provides information on the switch, among


which the value of the delay.

Figure 3-53. Switch status dialog box - unlocked

We now know that ASI input 3 is delayed by 600 ms compared to ASI


input 4.

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We notice that the status is Unlocked, which means the streams are not
synchronized.

Searching the Real Input Delay Value


If the delay between the switch is not indicated, add fixed time delay by
step of 500 ms, alternatively on the first and the second input until the
switch locks.
1. Go back to the configuration, in the Switches view.
2. Double-click the switch item.
3. Check the Apply time delay box, and specify:
 The delay (Duration)
 The input on which the delay should be applied

Try the following steps until Amethyst III indicates the real delay, or check
if your streams are identical if the time delay is incoherent with your
system latency.

- 500ms delay on first input

- 500ms delay on second input

- 1000ms delay on first input

- 1000ms delay on second input

- etc.

Refining the Delay Settings Using Time Delay


The goal is to set the Search window +/- parameter at a reasonable
value, because it has a strong impact on the equipment latency time.

The average input stream latency is equal to:


 Time delay + search window on ASI platforms
 Time delay + search window + jitter on IP platforms

To synchronize the streams, you need to delay the input that is in


advance, that is, in our example, ASI input 4, so that it arrives at the same
time as ASI input 3. To do so:
1. Go back to the configuration, in the Switches view.
2. Double-click the switch item.
3. Check the Apply time delay box, and specify:
 The delay (Duration) to 600 milliseconds.
 The input on which the delay should be applied (the input that
gets the stream more quickly), that is, ASI input 4.

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4. Refine the delay compensation Search window +/- value at a lower


value, for instance 50 ms.

Figure 3-54. Setting the time delay and refining the delay compensation
(synchronization)

5. Apply the configuration.

Checking that the Inputs are Synchronized


1. Go back to the Switches supervision tab.
2. In the Switches area, click the Switch 2 item.

Figure 3-55. Switch status dialog box - locked

You can see that the delay between the two streams is now of 0.0 ms
(input 3 is delayed).

The status is now Locked, which means the streams are synchronized.

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Setting GPI and Relays

Setting GPI
GPI inputs are used to trigger switch operation to selected inputs.

Six GPI inputs are available.

This section explains how to configure these GPIs.

For electrical specifications, layout and wiring examples, refer to


section Section ’GPI Inputs (Triggers)’ on page 201.

1. Select the configuration tab then go to the GPIO view. Six Input GPI
nodes are displayed in the tree on the left area of the view.

Figure 3-56. GPIO view - No GPI is defined

2. Click an Input GPIx node then enter a proper name in the Name field.

Figure 3-57. Naming the GPI

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3. Right-click the Input GPIx node then select the switch operation from
the Add drop-down list.

Figure 3-58. Associating a switch operation to the Input GPI

A same Input GPIx can command several switch operations.

If a switches association is defined, all inputs of this switches


association must be commanded by the same Input GPI and with the
same parameters.
If two GPI pilot the two inputs of the same switch and are both ON,
the active input will be the one declared in the first GPI of the list.

4. Select the switch operation sub-node then edit the GPI parameters.

Figure 3-59. Editing the GPI parameters

 The GPI action should be performed on Edge or Level.


On Edge, a switch request is emitted, but may be refused by
Amethyst III, for instance if the new input to be active is in error
state.
On Level, the switch operation is forced, whatever the inputs
state. In this mode, make sure that your configuration does not
contain contradictory rules.
 The type can be Raising or Falling for the Edge mode, High or
Low for the Level mode.
5. Repeat steps 2 to 4 for each GPI input you want to configure.

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Example
For example, on an IP Amethyst III, the GPI configuration could be as
follows:

GPI1: Switch #1 Input #1


Switch #2 Input #3
GPI2: Switch #3 Input #5
Switch #4 Input #7
Switch #5 Input #9

Setting Relays
The free voltage contacts (also called relays) are used for remote
management of alarms.

Four relays are available. By default they are configured as follows:


 Relay 1: Power. The relay is positioned when Amethyst III is powered
on, at the end of the initialization process.
 Relay 2: Error. The relay is positioned if at least one current alarm
is critical, major or minor.
 Relay 3: Warning. The relay is positioned if at least one current
alarm is warning.
 Relay 4: None. The relay is always released.

However, you may configure each of the four relays through the Web
Graphical User Interface to report one of the following conditions:
Power, Error, Warning, Switch (the relay is positioned when the
selected input is on air). To do so, set the relays to ‘In configuration’
through the Equipment Setup application or through the front panel.
Refer to page 51 and page 26, respectively.

Figure 3-60. Equipment Setup application: ‘In configuration’ option to authorize


relay configuration through the Web Graphical User Interface.

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This section explains how to configure the relays through the Web
Graphical User Interface. It is supposed that the relays have been set
beforehand to ‘in configuration’ through the Equipment Setup
application or through the front panel.

For electrical specifications and layout of the relays, refer to section


Section ’Free Voltage Contacts (Relays)’ on page 202.

1. Select the configuration tab then go to the GPIO view. By default, no


relay is declared. Only a Relays node is displayed in the tree on the left
area of the view.

Figure 3-61. GPIO view - No relay is declared

2. Right-click the Relays node then select the Add I Relay command to
declare a relay.

Figure 3-62. Declaring a relay

3. Select the relay number from the Relay drop-down list and define the
type from the Type drop-down list. The type depends on the relay
number.
 For Relay 1, Power and Switch are available.
 For Relay 2, Error and Switch are available.
 For Relay 3, Warning and Switch are available.
 For Relay 4, only Switch is available.

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When Switch is selected, a Switch input area is displayed so that you


can select the input to be switched on output from the Selected Input
drop-down list.

Figure 3-63. Switch input area is visible when switch operation is selected

4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 for each relay you want to configure.

Example
For example, on an ASI Amethyst III, the relays configuration could be as
follows:

Relay #1: Switch #1 Input #1


Relay #2: Switch #2 Input #3
Relay #3: Switch #3 Input #5
Relay #4: Switch #4 Input #7

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Setting the Automation

Principle
Instead of applying manually your configurations, you can choose to
activate the Schedule mode so that your configurations are applied
according to a schedule you will define.

The automation system moves from one configuration to another


according to the schedule you created.

Prerequisite: you must create your configurations in the GUI previously


to the schedule.

Figure 3-64. Automation tab overview

To schedule your configurations:


1. Define a default configuration that will be the first configuration to be
activated. It is also the one that will be used when no other can be
activated.
2. Create a list of configurations and define to which conditions these
configurations can be activated.

These conditions are time conditions only. Thus a configuration can start
either:
 At a precise date and time, e.g. on May, 27th, 2008 at 3:00
 Every day at a precise time, e.g. every day at 9:00
 On a given day of the week at a precise time, e.g. every Tuesday at
noon (12:00)
 On a given day of the month at a precise time, e.g. every first day of
the month at midnight (0:00)

A configuration can also be scheduled for a given duration or to last until


another configuration in the list is due to start (no duration).
3. Create the schedule.

Once the schedule is applied, the automation system continuously


checks your list of configurations. As soon as it finds one that meets the

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schedule parameters, even if the current one is not ended, it activates it.
If it does not and if all time-limited scheduled configurations are ended,
it activates the default configuration.

Creating a Schedule
1. Go to the Automation tab.
2. Click the Edit button in the toolbar to enable automation editing.
3. Select Schedule from the Select automation drop-down list.

Figure 3-65. Selecting the Schedule mode

When Schedule type is selected,


 Configurations will be activated using a schedule.
 Basic tools are available in the tool bar for schedule editing.

Figure 3-66. Basic tools

For a description of these tools, refer to Section ’Automation


Tab’ on page 176.
4. In the Default configuration drop-down list, select the configuration
that will be applied by default, i.e. when no configuration of the list is
due to be applied.
5. To create the first configuration of your schedule, click the Insert after
the current selection button.
6. Where applicable, replace the stars (*) by appropriate values
according to the schedule you want to create. Different criteria are
available for the scheduled configuration:
 Day of the week
 Day
 Month
 Year
 Hour
 Minute

Two types of events can be selected:


 Event without duration. The scheduled configuration is applied
at the date specified and until another scheduled configuration
is applied.

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 Event with duration: the scheduled configuration is applied for a


certain period of time.

 When more than one configuration is to be activated at the


same time, the higher configuration in the schedule table will
be applied.
 When no configuration is to be activated, the default
configuration is applied.

7. Press ENTER to validate your value or simply click another field.


8. Once all the scheduled configurations are ready, you can send the
schedule to the equipment.
a. Click the Send button in the toolbar.
b. Answer Yes when you are asked for confirmation.

If Schedule was selected as type of automation during the editing


process, a green clock is visible in the tab header as soon as the
automation is running: .
It is therefore no longer possible to apply a configuration manually (the
Apply button is not available in the configuration toolbar for any
configuration). If you want to apply a configuration manually, you must
select No automation from the Select automation drop-down list and
re-send the parameters to the equipment.

Schedule Example
Let us take an example. Suppose today is Tuesday, and it is midnight.

Our default configuration is named Default.

We have also created four configurations: Conf1, Conf2, Conf3 and


Conf4.

We want to apply these configurations as follows:


 Conf1 should be applied every day at 9:00 during 2 hours.
 Conf2 should be applied every day at 12:00 during 3 hours.
 Conf3 should be applied every Wednesday at 13:30.
 Conf4 should be applied every day at 21:00 during 1:30.

The schedule corresponding to this example is shown in Figure 3-67


below.

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Figure 3-67. Schedule example

The obtained follow-up of configurations will be as represented in


Figure 3-68 below.

Figure 3-68. Schedule example

Note that Conf2 is supposed to be applied during 2 hours, but on


Wednesday, as Conf3 is due to start at 13:30, Conf2 is stopped and
Conf3 is applied.

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Interface Description
This section gives detailed information on the interface views, menu
items or dialog boxes.

It first describes the configuration items and then the supervision items.

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Interface Configuration Items Description

Snapshot Panel
The Snapshot panel contains information related to the active
configuration (i.e. the configuration that is applied to the equipment).

The Snapshot panel lets you see in real-time all the transport streams
received by the equipment in a tree representation. This content is
periodically refreshed.

Figure 3-69. Snapshot panel – ASI and IP

TS over ASI

TS over IP

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Figure 3-70. Snapshot panel – T2-MI stream over ASI

T2-MI stream on TS over ASI

This view lets you clearly detect when an ASI or TS over IP input is not
present. For instance, on Figure 3-69 on the image on the right, the link
to Ethernet 2 is down.

Table 3-6 lists the icons used in the tree and the type of component that
correspond.

Table 3-6. Icons used in the Snapshot view

Icon Corresponding component

Ghosts

Ghost

T2-MI ghost

Programs

Video program

Scrambled video program

Audio program

Scrambled audio program

Data program

Scrambled data program

EMM

ECM

Table

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Table 3-6. Icons used in the Snapshot view

Icon Corresponding component

Video stream

Video stream with PCR

Scrambled video stream with PCR

Scrambled video stream

Audio stream

Audio stream with PCR

Scrambled audio stream with PCR

Scrambled audio stream

Data stream

Data stream with PCR

Scrambled data stream with PCR

Scrambled data stream

T2-MI stream

T2-MI stream with PCR

Scrambled T2-MI stream with PCR

Scrambled T2-MI stream

Table Extraction
To extract tables, you can click the Extract button located in the
bottom-right corner of the panel.

The Extract table dialog is displayed.

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Figure 3-71. Table extraction dialog

To extract a table, you have to specify the following information:


 Source: choose from the drop-down list the input from which to
extract the table.
 Standard: choose a standard from the drop-down list.
 PID: enter the table PID.
 Table ID: enter the table identifier.
 Number of table ID extensions: choose from the drop-down list the
number of extensions of the table, e.g. 3 for EIT, 1 for PMT, 0 for CAT.
 Save the table to a file without displaying it: check this box if you do
not want to view the table. The table is simply saved to a file.

Use the Hex/Dec button to switch between hexadecimal and decimal


display in the fields (where applicable).

Click the Extract button to start the extraction process. A table viewer
then displays details of the table, and lets you save the table to a file.

The MIP cannot be extracted as it does not follows the DVB table
syntax.

Statistics Computation
To launch the statistics computation, double-click on an item in the
Snapshot list. The results are displayed in the Statistics tab for this item
(see the Section ’Statistics Tab’ on page 167).

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TS over IP Discover
If some transport streams have been discovered on an Ethernet interface,
there is in addition to the TS over IP inputs a Discover line that regroups
all the discovered TS.

Each IP session is defined by its destination, its source addresses and


port, and its VLAN.

Additional IP session information may be displayed (RTP, SSRC id) These


pieces of information are checked only at session reconnection and are
not updated if changed dynamically.

Ethernet and FEC Information


In the Snapshot panel, you can right-click:
 On an Ethernet input and choose Display Ethernet information.
 On an IP input with FEC correction enabled, choose Display FEC
information. This is available only if you have purchased the FEC
option.

The Ethernet, FEC tab is displayed and provides statistics on the input.

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Switches View
When the applet is launched, the Switches view is automatically
displayed. When creating a new configuration, an empty configuration is
proposed, for you to modify it.

Figure 3-72. Switches view: ASI default configuration

Figure 3-73. Switches view: IP empty configuration

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The Switches view displays the items present in the active configuration,
of the following types:
 Inputs: ASI or IP inputs items (orange items)
 Switches (green items)
 Outputs (purple items)

This view is used to edit or modify the configurations.

ASI Input Items

Figure 3-74. ASI Input dialog box

The following parameters shall be set:

Parameters Area
 Name: enter a name for the input, at your convenience. This name is
used in the Switches tab for a better readability.
 Input: select an input from the drop-down list.
 T2-MI Stream: if the input stream is a T2-MI stream, check this box and
indicate the PID that carries the T2-MI stream in the T2-MI PID field.

Tests Area
 Associated group of tests: select the group of tests to carry out. These
groups of test can be configured from the Tests tab (refer to the
Section ’Tests Tab’ on page 174 for more information).
If the stream is a T2-MI stream, add at least the T2-MI presence test. It
is also recommended to add the T2-MI PID continuity counter and
T2-MI Packet count error tests as these kind of errors may reset the
following modulator.

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IP Input Item

Figure 3-75. IP input dialog box

The following parameters shall be set:

Ethernet Area
 Interface: select an Ethernet port from the drop-down list.

Parameters Area
 Name: enter a name for the input, at your convenience. This name is
used in the Switches tab for a better readability.
 Input: select an input from the drop-down list.
 Define source IP address: check the box to enable the option. If
enabled, the Source IP address shall be set.
 Define source UDP port: check the box to enable the option. If enabled,
the Source UDP port shall be set.
 Destination IP address: set the destination IP address.
 Define destination UDP port: check the box to enable the option. If
enabled, the Destination UDP port shall be set.

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 IGMP: select a protocol version from the drop-down list. Possible


values are: no IGMP, IGMP v2, IGMP v3, IGMP v3 with source address.
 VLAN: Indicate if you want to get the stream from a VLAN. In this case
choose Define VLAN and set its identifier in the field. Otherwise
choose No VLAN.

T2-MI Area (Optional)


 T2-MI Stream: if the input stream is a T2-MI stream, check this box and
indicate the PID that carries the T2-MI stream in the T2-MI PID field.

FEC Area (Optional)


 Activate FEC correction: check the box to activate the Forward Error
Correction on the IP input. The FEC matrix type and size will be
detected automatically.

You can perform FEC correction on several IP inputs of the


equipment, but you cannot perform simultaneously FEC correction
on inputs and FEC generation on outputs.

FEC correction might be temporarily deactivated if the input total


bitrate of session with FEC correction is too high. You can re-activate
it manually by clicking the Reactivate FEC button.

Tests Area
 Associated group of tests: select the group of tests to carry out. These
groups of test can be configured from the Tests tab (refer to the
Section ’Tests Tab’ on page 174 for more information).

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Switch Item (ASI or IP)

Figure 3-76. ASI Switch dialog box (TS input stream)

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Figure 3-77. IP Switch dialog box

The following parameters shall be set:

Parameters Area
 Name: enter a name for the switch item, at your convenience. This
name is used in the Switches supervision tab for a better readability.
 Switch: select a switch from the drop-down list.
 Input stream: indicate if the input is a TS or a T2-MI stream.
 Strategy: select a strategy from the drop-down list. Possible values
are:
 Manual: the equipment does not switch automatically, even if
the active input becomes erroneous.
 Redundancy: the switch stays on the active input as long as this
is safe.

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 Main-spare: the spare input is used only if the main input is


erroneous. As soon as main input becomes safe again, the
switch gets back to it.

When the delay compensation option is enabled, the switch gets


back to the main input only when the delay compensation is locked,
i.e. when it can guarantee that the switch operation will be seamless.

Switch Delay Area


 For minor alarm: duration of minor error the switch must wait before
performing the switch operation, in seconds.
 For major alarm: duration of major error the switch must wait before
performing the switch operation, in seconds.
 For critical alarm: duration of critical error the switch must wait before
performing the switch operation, in seconds. If you set the Delay for
critical alarm value, the on air input desynchronization implies
desynchronization in output as well, because the switch is delayed.

Delay Compensation Area

The Delay compensation area is displayed for TS input streams only.

Refer to the Section ’Using the Time Delay and Synchronization


Features’ on page 102 for advice on delay compensation and time delay
configuration.
 Apply time delay: check the box to apply a time delay on one of the
switches inputs. If enabled, the following parameters shall be set:
 Duration: enter the value of the delay to apply, in milliseconds.
 Input to delay: select the input on which you wish to apply the
delay.
 Activate Synchronization: check the box to realign in time the two
streams in input of a switch based on one recurrent element (pattern)
present in both streams. If enabled, the following parameters shall be
set:
 Redundancy: select a mode from the drop-down list, among:
- Network: pattern that searches in the stream an occurrence
of a packet occurrence with the PID you defined and a
continuity counter equal to 0.
- SFN adapter: pattern that searches in the stream an
occurrence of a packet with the PID you defined, whatever
the continuity counter. This pattern is suitable for SFN
streams. Indeed, streams are not absolutely identical since
they are generated by two distinct pieces of equipment.
However, the position of synchronization packets for
transmitters (MIP in DVB-T mode / SHIP in DVB-SH mode)
is exactly the same in both streams (but its is not possible
to ensure that their continuity counter are synchronized).
The PID value that should be used for MIP or SHIP is 21.

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 PID: enter the value of the PID that should be used for
synchronization.
 Search window +/-: enter the value of the maximum delay that
can be corrected, in milliseconds. The pattern period must be
higher than twice the Search window value.
The search window shall not contain more than one pattern at a
time or the synchronization may fail.
 Input TS bitrate (max): enter the maximum estimated bitrate, in
bits per second. This value is used to compute the size of
buffers. For delay compensation, do not overestimate this value.
It should border on 10% of the real bitrate.
 Maximum IP jitter +/- (on IP switches only): enter the value of the
maximum IP jitter that can occur on the inputs of the switch (min
5ms - max 250ms).

T2-MI Synchronization Area

The T2-MI synchronization area is displayed for T2-MI input streams only.

Figure 3-78. ASI switch dialog box (T2-MI input stream and gateway redundancy)

Figure 3-79. IP switch dialog box (T2-MI input stream and network redundancy)

In this area, you must set the following parameters:


 Redundancy: choose a redundancy mode:
 gateway: redund two T2-MI streams from two synchronized
THOMSON NetProcessor T2 gateways.
 network: redund two identical T2-MI streams (duplicated signal)
transmitted over two separate network paths.

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Depending on your setting, also set:


For gateway redundancy:
 Input TS bitrate (max): enter the maximum estimated bitrate, in
bits per second. This value is used to compute the size of
buffers. For delay compensation, do not overestimate this value.
It should border on 10% of the real bitrate.
The T2-MI TS bit rate shall be between 20 and 80 Mbps to
guarantee T2-MI seamless switching. The stuffing level within
the stream shall be reasonable (not over 50% of the TS bit rate).
For network redundancy:
 PID: enter the value of the PID that should be used for
synchronization.
 Search window +/-: enter the value of the maximum delay that
can be corrected, in milliseconds. The pattern period must be
higher than twice the Search window value.
The search window shall not contain more than one pattern at a
time or the synchronization may fail.
 Input TS bitrate (max): enter the maximum estimated bitrate, in
bits per second. This value is used to compute the size of
buffers. For delay compensation, do not overestimate this value.
It should border on 10% of the real bitrate.
 Apply time delay: check the box to apply a time delay on one of
the switches inputs. If enabled, the following parameters shall
be set:
- Duration: enter the value of the delay to apply, in
milliseconds.
- Input to delay: select the input on which you wish to apply
the delay.
 Maximum IP jitter +/- (on IP switches only): enter the value of the
maximum IP jitter that can occur on the inputs of the switch (min
5ms - max 250ms).

ASI Output Item

Figure 3-80. ASI Output dialog box

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The following parameters shall be set:

Parameters Area
 Name: enter a name for the output, at your convenience. This name is
used in the Switches supervision tab for a better readability.
 Output: select an output from the drop-down list.
 Deactivate output if level is critical: if enabled and both inputs are in a
critical state, no signal is sent to output.

Smart Capabilities Area

These parameters are available only for smart-secured outputs, that is


outputs 1, 3, 5 and 7. Refer to the Section ’ASI Interfaces’ on page 196 for
more information on smart-secured outputs.
 Mode: choose a mode from the drop-down list. This mode can be:
 Active: Amethyst III regenerates the output signal after time
delay and delay compensation if any.
 Passive: the output signal is the same as the input signal.
 ActiveDefault: same as active mode but the output signal is
forced to a default input in case of power failure. There is no
need to define bypass behavior, nor declare ASI input in the
configuration. The following bypass source automatically
applies in case of power outage: ASI input N to ASI output N
(with N = 1, 3, 5 or 7).
 Bypass source (available if the mode is Active): when the equipment
is turned off, the smart-secured output is secured by a bypass. You can
choose on which input this bypass will be switched:

Table 3-7. Bypass source

Bypass
Output 1 Output 3 Output 5 Output 7 Content
source

Switch 1 2 3 4 Content of the last input


chosen by the switch

ASI input 1 or 2 3 or 4 5 or 6 7 or 8 Content of the input

For instance, for smart-secured output 3, you can choose to get the
content of ASI input 3, ASI input 4 or the content of the last input
chosen by switch 2.

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IP Output Item

Figure 3-81. IP Output dialog box

The following parameters shall be set:

Ethernet Area
 Interface: select an Ethernet port from the drop-down list.

Parameters Area
 Name: enter a name for the output, at your convenience. This name is
used in the Switches supervision tab for a better readability.
 Deactivate output if level is critical: if enabled and both inputs are in a
critical state, no signal is sent to output.
 Output: select an output from the drop-down list.

Masquerading Area
 Masquerading box: check the box if you want to change all
transmission parameters or part of them:

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 Check the boxes Define source IP address, Define source UDP


port, Define destination IP address, Define destination UDP port
associated to the parameters you want to change then enter the
new values.
 VLAN: indicate if you want to use the same setting as in input
(Same as input), or if you want to force a VLAN setting (Define
VLAN) in which case you must indicate its identifier and the
linked IP input shall have referenced VLAN. You can only modify
the VLAN setting of a stream containing VLAN information.

FEC
 FEC generation: indicate whether or not you want to generate FEC in
output. If so, choose the type of FEC that should be used (1D or 2D)
and indicate the number of rows and of columns of the matrix.

You can perform FEC generation on several IP outputs of the


equipment, but you cannot perform simultaneously FEC correction
on inputs and FEC generation on outputs.

FEC generation might be temporarily deactivated if:


 The FEC generation limit has been reached. In this case all the
output FEC sessions are removed.
 The input stream is not over RTP or contains a variable
number of TS packet per datagram. In these cases FEC
generation is deactivated for the output linked to the invalid
input.
After correction of the problem, you can re-activate it manually by
clicking the Activate FEC button that is displayed in the top-right
corner of the view. The reactivation is also possible through the front
panel or the SNMP interface.

Fail Over Area


 Check the fail over box, and specify the backup interface from the from
the drop-down list. The backup interface can be any Ethernet port
except the main interface defined in the Ethernet area above.

Tests View
The Tests view lets you define the tests that must be carried out by
Amethyst III.

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Figure 3-82. Test view

The Tests view is divided into two areas:


 On the left, a tree contains the defined groups of tests with their
associated tests.
 On the right, the Parameters frame displays the parameters linked to
the selected item in the tree.

By default, there is only one group of tests defined, called Tests group,
and it is applied to all inputs in the configuration. This tests group
contains the following tests:
 1.1: TS sync loss: this test is mandatory and cannot be removed from
the configuration.

You can choose to add tests to this group, and/or to define other tests
groups to apply distinct tests to the inputs in the configuration.

Amethyst III can carry out various types of tests:


 DVB TR 101 290 tests
 ATSC tests
 Template checking tests
 T2-MI specific tests

The level of tests is indicated in the icon displayed in front of the test
name in the tree. This level can be 1, 2, 3 (referring to DVB or ATSC tests
levels), A (for Advanced) or T2 (for T2-MI). Parameters of all tests are
detailed in Section ’Tests Parameters’ on page 138.

Generic Test Configuration


Severity

Each test has an associated severity. The severity is used to set priorities
between alarms and to indicate the alarms that are likely to cause a
switch, and the ones that are only raised for monitoring purposes.

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The severity is indicated by dedicated icons.

Table 3-8. Tests severity

Severity Icon Consequence

Critical Switch

Major Switch

Minor Switch

Warning Monitoring

The severity is present in several parts of the GUI: configuration, active


alarms, closed alarms, switch state (in switch state view, icons give
global status of each input).

Persistence

Persistence may be configured for some tests to avoid switching to occur


much more frequently than required, as example the Continuity counter
error which is a punctual error that can appear very frequently and
disappear immediately.

Persistence Notion

To explain the notion of persistence, let us consider the example of


continuity counter errors.

Continuity counter error is a punctual error that can appear very


frequently and disappear immediately. When faced with this type of
error, switching may occur much more frequently than required.

To avoid this, we have added the notion of persistence:


 An alarm is raised only if there is a significant number of error
occurrences.
 An alarm remains raised for a given amount of time after the error
occurrences.

Persistence may be configured using the following parameters:


 Persistence duration: duration of a "rolling period". The number of
error occurrences is permanently computed in this time window, and
compared to predefined thresholds.
 Upper threshold: if the number of errors is greater than or equal to this
value over the rolling period, alarm is raised. Threshold shall be 1 or
greater.
 Lower threshold: if the number of errors is lower than or equal to this
value over the sliding period, alarm disappears. Threshold shall be 0
or greater, and shall be strictly lower than the associated upper
threshold.

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Figure 3-83. Persistence: examples

Alarm without persistence

Alarm with persistence:


o duration 1s,
o upper threshold 1,
o lower threshold 0.

Alarm with persistence:


o duration 1s,
o upper threshold 2,
o lower threshold 1.

0 0.5 1 1.5

When having a delay between input streams, there may be a delay


between a problem detection on both inputs, thus resulting into a
useless switch.
To avoid this switch, do not use persistence but time delay (see the
Section ’Switch Item (ASI or IP)’ on page 126) for taking into
account the delay between the inputs.

The possibility of persistence configuration depends on the tests.


Different configurations are listed hereafter.

Persistence Configuration

Persistence configuration can be:


 Mandatory: you must set the parameters.
or
 Optional: you can set the parameters. To do so, check the box.

For both cases, there are two levels of configuration:


 Duration only: you must set the duration, between 0 and 1 second.

Figure 3-84. Persistence: duration configuration only

Mandatory

Optional

 Full configuration: you can set not only the duration but also the upper
and lower thresholds of number of errors.

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Figure 3-85. Persistence: full configuration

Mandatory

Optional

For some tests, there is no persistence to be set.

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Tests Parameters
In the right part of the Tests view, the Parameters frame displays a short
description and a list of parameters to set for each test.

TR 101 290 Level 1 Tests (DVB/ATSC)

TR 101-290 Level 1 is a basic set of parameters that are considered


necessary to ensure that the TS can be decoded.

All tests of TR 101-290 level 1 are supported.

Available in AMETH3-LIC-SWITCH-STD.

Table 3-9. TR 101 290 Level 1 Tests

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M
GigE
ASI
Configuration of TR 101 290 Level 1 Tests
TS Sync Loss (1.1) This test checks TS synchronization. See O  — —
It cannot be disabled, and its severity is always Critical. description.
Synchronization loss is detected when:
 No data was detected for a given amount of time:
the input is plugged but no data is received. Set
this amount of time:
 In the No data detected for field, in
microseconds (applicable to ASI and
SMPTE 310M).
 In the No IP datagram detected for field, in
milliseconds (applicable to Gigabit Ethernet).
 Percentage of erroneous symbols is too high: the
input may be unplugged. Set this value in the
Maximum ASI coding violation rate field
(applicable to ASI only).
 The number of consecutive unsynchronized
Transport Packets has reached a given threshold.
Set this threshold in the Number of
unsynchronized packets field (applicable to ASI,
SMPTE 310M, Gigabit Ethernet).
When the input is unsynchronized, the other tests are
not performed.
When persistence duration is configured, the alarm
remains raised for a given amount of time after
synchronization. During this probation period, the other
tests are performed, however, associated alarms are not
raised. They will be raised as soon as the
synchronization alarm disappears, if they are still
present.

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Table 3-9. TR 101 290 Level 1 Tests

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M
GigE
ASI
Sync Byte Error (1.2) This test checks the statistics on synchronization byte    M  — —
(0x47) errors.
This test detects synchronization byte errors even if they
are not contiguous (there is no loss of synchronization
in this case).
It is a complement of the TS Sync Loss (1.1) test that cannot
detect this.
Enter a value in the At least... unsynchronized packets
per second field.
PAT Interval (1.3.a.1) This test checks PAT periodicity, i.e. the intervals of each    O   
section of the PAT.
An alarm is raised if the interval between 2 occurrences
of section 'x' of the PAT is greater than the value set in
the Maximum period without PAT field, in milliseconds.
This test checks the first part of the test 1.3.a PAT_error_2
of TR 101 290.
PID 0 PAT (1.3.a.2) This test checks the Table Identifier (TID) of the sections    M   
that are found on PID 0. The only TID that should be
found is 0 (PAT).
There are no specific parameters to set.
This test checks the second part of the test 1.3.a
PAT_error_2 of TR 101 290.
PAT Scrambling (1.3.a.3) This test checks that the PID 0 is not scrambled.    M  — —
There are no specific parameters to set.
This test checks the third part of the test 1.3.a
PAT_error_2 of TR 101 290.
Continuity Counter (1.4) This test checks continuity counter errors on following    M   
PIDs:
 PSI: PIDs containing PAT (0x0), CAT (0x1), PMTs,
ECMs and EMMs.
 SI (DVB version): PIDs containing NIT (0x10), SDT
(0x11), EIT (0x12), RST (0x13), TDT (0x14).
 PSIP (ATSC version): base PID (0x1FFB) and PIDs
referred to by MGT.
 Components: PIDs that contain program
components (e.g. video, audio, PCR).
There are no specific parameters to set.

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Table 3-9. TR 101 290 Level 1 Tests

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M
GigE
ASI
PMT Interval (1.5.a.1) This test checks the PMTs periodicity, i.e. the intervals of    O   
each PMT declared in the PAT.
An alarm is raised if the interval between 2 occurrences
of section 'x' of the PMT is greater than the value set in
the Maximum period without PMT field, in milliseconds.
This test checks the first part of the test 1.5.a
PMT_error_2 of TR 101 290.
PMT Scrambling (1.5.a.2) This test checks that PMT PIDs are not scrambled.    M  — —
There are no specific parameters to set.
This test checks the second part of the test 1.5.a
PMT_error_2 of TR 101 290.
PID AV Error (1.6.a) This test checks that each A/V component and PCR of    O  — —
each program is present.
A component is present if at least one Transport Packet
(TP) is present during the duration set in the Duration for
presence computing field.
PID Other Error (1.6.b) This test checks that each EMM, ECM and PMT referred    M  — —
component (other than audio, video or PCR) is present.
A component is present if at least one Transport Packet
(TP) is present during the duration set in the Duration for
presence computing field.

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TR 101 290 Level 2 Tests (DVB/ATSC)

TR 101-290 Level 2 is a set of parameters recommended for continuous


monitoring.

All tests of TR 101-290 level 2 are supported.

Available in AMETH3-LIC-SWITCH-ADV.

Table 3-10. TR 101 290 Level 2 Tests

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M
GigE
ASI
Configuration of TR 101 290 Level 2 Tests

Transport Error (2.1) This test checks Transport_error_indicator in the TP    M 


headers.
Enter a value in the At least... transport errors/s field.

CRC Error (2.2) This test checks CRC error on the following PIDs:    M   
 PSI: PAT (0), CAT (1), PMT.
 SI (DVB version): NIT (0x10), EIT (0x12), BAT/SDT
(0x11), TDT/TOT (0x14).
 PSIP (ATSC version): base PID (0x1FFB) and PIDs
referred to by MGT.
There are no specific parameters to set.

PCR Repetition (2.3.a) This test checks time interval between two consecutive   — M   
PCR occurrences.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
consecutive PCR occurrences is greater than the value
set in the Maximum interval between 2 consecutive PCR
values field, in milliseconds.

PCR Discontinuity (2.3.b) This test checks the difference between two consecutive   — M   
PCR values.
An alarm is raised if the difference between two
consecutive PCR values is greater than the value set in
the Maximum difference between 2 consecutive PCR
values field, in milliseconds.

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Table 3-10. TR 101 290 Level 2 Tests

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M
GigE
ASI
PCR Accuracy (2.4) This test checks PCR accuracy.   — M   
The method applied for checking the
PCR_accuracy_error is based on previous PCR value and
PCR arrival time in the Amethyst III interface.
PCR_accuracy = |(PCRvalue n - PCRvalue n-1) - (PCRtime
n - PCRtime n-1)|
Enter a value in the PCR accuracy field. An alarm is
raised if the PCR_accuracy exceeds the configured
value.

PTS Error (2.5) This test checks PTS repetition period.   — M   


An alarm is raised if the interval between two PTS
occurrences is greater than the value set in the
Maximum period without PTS field, in milliseconds.

CAT Presence (2.6.1) If scrambled components are present    O   


(transport_scrambling_control different from 00), the
CAT is needed. This test checks CAT presence (and
periodicity) if scrambled packets are detected.
Enter a value in the Maximum period without CAT field,
in milliseconds.
This test checks the first part of the test 2.6 CAT_error of
TR 101 290.

PID 1 CAT (2.6.2) This test checks the Table Identifier (TID) of the sections    M   
that are found on PID 1. The only TID that should be
found is 1 (CAT).
There are no specific parameters to set.
This test checks the second part of the test 2.6 CAT_error
of TR 101 290.

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TR 101 290 Level 3 (DVB)

TR 101-290 Level 3 is a set of optional parameters that may be interesting


for certain applications.

TR 101-290 level 3 are all supported except 3.2 (SI_repetition_error), 3.3


(Buffer_error), 3.9 (Empty_buffer_error) and 3.10 (Data_delay_error).

Available in AMETH3-LIC-SWITCH-ADV

Table 3-11. TR 101 290 Level 3 (DVB)

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M
GigE
ASI
Configuration of TR 101 290 Level 3 (DVB)

PID 0x10 NIT (3.1.a.1) This test checks the Table Identifier (TID) of the sections    M   
that are found on PID 0x10. The only TIDs that should be
found are 0x40 (NIT actual), 0x41 (NIT other) and 0x72
(ST).
There are no specific parameters to set.
This test checks the first part of the test 3.1.a
NIT_actual_error of TR 101 290.

NIT Actual Interval This test checks the periodicity of NIT actual, i.e. the    O   
(3.1.a.2) intervals between each section of the NIT actual.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
occurrences of section 'x' of the NIT actual is greater
than the value set in the Maximum period without NIT
actual field, in milliseconds.
This test checks the 2nd part of the test 3.1.a
NIT_actual_error of TR 101 290.

NIT Other Interval (3.1.b) This test checks NIT other periodicity, i.e. the intervals    O   
between each section of each NIT other.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
occurrences of section 'x' of the NIT other is greater than
the value set in the Maximum period without NIT other
field, in milliseconds. Click the Add network ID button
and add the network IDs in the displayed fields.

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Table 3-11. TR 101 290 Level 3 (DVB)

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M
GigE
ASI
Unreferenced PIDs This test checks that there are no unexpected ghost    O   
(3.4.a) PIDs.
Unexpected ghost PIDs are PIDs that are different from:
 PIDs between 0 and 0x1F,
 PIDs referred by the PAT (PMT PIDs),
 PIDs referred by PMTs (e.g. video, audio, PCR,
ECM),
 PIDs referred by the CAT (EMM),
 PIDs that you consider as expected ghosts and
that you must set as such. To do so, click the Add
private PID button and set the PID value in the
displayed field.
An alarm is raised if an unexpected ghost PID is present
during an amount of time greater than the duration
specified in the Allowed duration without reference
field, in milliseconds.

PID 0x11 SDT BAT This test checks the Table Identifier (TID) of the sections    M   
(3.5.a.1) that are found on PID 0x11. The only TIDs that shall be
found are 0x42 (SDT actual), 0x46 (SDT other), 0x4A
(BAT) and 0x72 (ST).
There are no specific parameters to set.
This test checks the first part of the test 3.5.a
SDT_actual_error of TR 101 290.

SDT Actual Interval This test checks the intervals of each section of the SDT    O   
(3.5.a.2) actual.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
occurrences of section 'x' of the SDT actual is greater
than the value set in the Maximum period without SDT
actual field, in milliseconds.
This test checks the second part of the test 3.5.a
SDT_actual_error of TR 101 290.

SDT Other Interval (3.5.b) This test checks one SDT other periodicity.    O   
Indicate the Transport Stream ID and the Original
network ID in the dedicated fields.
To check several SDT other, i.e. several couples
(Transport stream ID / Original network ID), you must
add this test several times.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
occurrences of section 'x' of the SDT other is greater
than the value set in the Maximum period without SDT
other field, in milliseconds.

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Table 3-11. TR 101 290 Level 3 (DVB)

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M
GigE
ASI
PID 0x12 EIT (3.6.a.1) This test checks the Table Identifier (TID) of the sections    M   
that are found on PID 0x12. The only TIDs that should be
found are in the range 0x4E-0x6F (EIT) or 0x72 (ST).
There are no specific parameters to set.
This test checks the first part of the test 3.6.a
EIT_actual_error of TR 101 290.

EIT Actual P/F Interval This test checks EIT actual P/F periodicity, i.e. the    O   
(3.6.a.2) intervals of EIT actual present and following.
The analysis of the SDT actual indicates which EIT actual
P/F shall be checked: for a given program, the EIT actual
P/F shall be present if the EIT_present_following_flag is
set.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
occurrences of the EIT actual present section is greater
than the value set in the Maximum period without EIT
Actual P/F field, in milliseconds.
This test checks the second part of the test 3.6.a EIT
actual_error of TR 101 290.

EIT Other P/F Interval This test checks EIT other P/F periodicity, i.e. the    O   
(3.6.b) intervals of EIT other present and following.
The analysis of every SDT other of the TS indicates
which EIT other P/F shall be checked: for a given
program, the EIT other P/F shall be present if the
EIT_present_following_flag is set.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
occurrences of the EIT other present section is greater
than the value set in the Maximum period without EIT
other P/F field, in milliseconds.

EIT P/F Error (3.6.c) This test checks that if either section (0 or 1) of each EIT    — — — —
P/F subtable is present, both exist. More precisely, it
checks that last_section_number of each EIT P/F section
is 1.
There are no specific parameters to set.
To really check that both sections are broadcast, you
should activate tests that check their periodicity:
 EIT actual P/F interval (3.6.a.2),
 EIT other P/F interval (3.6.b).

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Table 3-11. TR 101 290 Level 3 (DVB)

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M
GigE
ASI
PID 0x13 RST (3.7) This test checks the Table Identifier (TID) of the sections    M   
that are found on PID 0x13. The only TIDs that should be
found are 0x71 (RST) and 0x72 (ST).
There are no specific parameters to set.

TDT Interval (3.8.1) This test checks the TDT periodicity, i.e. the intervals of    O   
the TDT.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
occurrences of the TDT is greater than the value set in
the Maximum period field, in milliseconds.
This test checks the first part of the test 3.8 TDT_error of
TR 101 290.

PID 0x14 TDT TOT (3.8.2) This test checks the Table Identifier (TID) of the sections    M   
that are found on PID 0x14. The only TIDs that should be
found are 0x70 (TDT), 0x73 (TOT) and 0x72 (ST).
There are no specific parameters to set.
This test checks the second part of the test 3.8 TDT_error
of TR 101 290.

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TR 101 290 Level 3 (ATSC)

This level is an adaptation of TR 101-290 Level 3 for ATSC.

Available in AMETH3-LIC-SWITCH-ADV.

Table 3-12. TR 101 290 level 3 (ATSC)

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M

GigE
ASI
Configuration of ATSC Level 3

PID 0x1FFB (3.1) This test checks the Table Identifier (TID) of the sections    M   
that are found on PID 0x1FFB. The only TIDs that should
be found are 0xC7, 0xC8, 0xC9, 0xCA, 0xCD, 0xD3, 0xD4
and 0x72.
There are no specific parameters to set.

STT Interval (3.3) This test checks the STT periodicity, i.e. the intervals of    O   
the STT.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
occurrences of the STT is greater than the value set in
the Maximum period field, in milliseconds.

Unreferenced PIDs This test checks that there are no unexpected ghost    O  — —
(3.4.a) PIDs.
Unexpected ghost PIDs are PIDs that are different from:
 PIDs between 0 and 0x1F,
 PIDs referred by the PAT (PMT PIDs),
 PIDs referred by PMTs (e.g. video, audio, PCR,
ECM),
 PIDs referred by the CAT (EMM),
 PIDs referred by the MGT,
 PIDs that you consider as expected ghosts and
that you must set as such. To do so, click the Add
private PID button and set the PID value in the
displayed field.
An alarm is raised if an unexpected ghost PID is present
during an amount of time greater than the duration
specified in the Allowed duration without reference
field, in milliseconds

MGT Interval (3.5) This test checks the MGT periodicity, i.e. the intervals of    O   
the MGT.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
occurrences of the MGT is greater than the value set in
the Maximum period field, in milliseconds.

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Table 3-12. TR 101 290 level 3 (ATSC)

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M

GigE
ASI
TVCT Interval (3.6.a) This test checks the TVCT periodicity, i.e. the intervals of    O   
the TVCT.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
occurrences of the TVCT is greater than the value set in
the Maximum period field, in milliseconds.

CVCT Interval (3.6.b) This test checks the CVCT periodicity, i.e. the intervals of    O   
the CVCT.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
occurrences of the CVCT is greater than the value set in
the Maximum period field, in milliseconds.

RRT Interval (3.7) This test checks the RRT periodicity, i.e. the intervals of    O   
the RRT.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
occurrences of the RRT is greater than the value set in
the Maximum period field, in milliseconds

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TR 101 290 SFN Synchronization (DVB only)

TR 101 290 describes MIP tests dedicated to DVB-T SFN streams.

Available in AMETH3-LIC-SWITCH-ADV.

Table 3-13. TR 101 290 SFN Synchronization

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M

GigE
ASI
MIP_timing_error This test checks that successive STS values are  —  M   
self-consistent.
Set the accuracy in nanoseconds.

MIP_structure_error This test verifies that the syntax of the MIP is correct.  —  M   
There are no specific parameters to set.

MIP_presence_error This test verifies that the MIP is inserted into the  —  M   
transport stream once and only once per mega-frame.
There are no specific parameters to set.

MIP_pointer_error This test checks the pointer value.  —  M   


There are no specific parameters to set.

MIP_periodicity_error For a periodic MIP insertion, this test verifies that the  —  M   
pointer value is constant and the number of TP between
MIP is constant.
There are no specific parameters to set.

MIP_ts_rate_error This test verifies that the bit rate of the Transport Stream  —  M   
is consistent with the DVB-T mode defined by the MIP.
Set the maximum rate deviation in bits per second.

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Advanced Level Configuration (Template Checking Tests) (DVB/ATSC)

This template checking lets you check stream parameters not specified in
TR 101-290. This allows handling checking of non-DVB (or non-ATSC)
compliant streams.

Available in AMETH3-LIC-SWITCH-ADV.

Table 3-14. Template checking tests

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M

GigE
ASI
PID Maximum Bit Rate This test checks that a PID mean rate in a given period is    O  — —
(and PID Absence) lower than the defined threshold.
Define the threshold in the Maximum bit rate field, in
kilobits per second.
You can also set the Measurement duration, in
milliseconds (lowest value: 500 ms). You may increase
this duration to allow punctual peaks.
This test may be used to verify the absence of a PID. For
example, to check that a PID never occurs, set the
maximum bit rate to 0. With this configuration, an alarm
will be raised if a transport packet is received.

PID Minimum Bit Rate This test checks that a PID rate is greater than a given    O  — —
(and PID Presence) threshold.
Its configuration is similar to previous test.
This test may be used to verify the presence of a PID.
For example, to check that a PID occurs at least once by
10 seconds period:
Set the Minimum bit rate to 0.
Set the Measurement duration to 10.000 ms.
With this configuration, an alarm will be raised if no
transport packet was received for 10 seconds.

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Table 3-14. Template checking tests

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M

GigE
ASI
Stuffing Max Bit Rate This test checks that there are not too many stuffing    O  — —
(and Stuffing Absence) packets (PID 0x1FFF) in the TS.
Define the threshold in the Maximum bit rate field, in
percentage of the TS total rate. An alarm is raised if the
stuffing percentage is greater (not strictly) than the
threshold.
You can also set the Measurement duration, in
milliseconds.
This test may be used to verify the absence of stuffing.
Set maximum bit rate to 0%, and an alarm will be raised
if a stuffing Transport Packet is received.
NOTE: Stuffing tables (TID 0x72) are not taken into
account in this test.

Stuffing Min Bit Rate This test checks that there are enough stuffing packets    O  — —
(PID 0x1FFF) in the TS.
Define the threshold in the Maximum bit rate field, in
percentage of the TS total rate. An alarm is raised if the
stuffing percentage is lower (not strictly) than the
threshold.
You can also set the Measurement duration, in
milliseconds.
NOTE: Stuffing tables (TID 0x72) are not taken into
account in this test.

Sub-Table Maximum This test checks that, for a given table, sections period    O   
Interval on PID do not exceed a given threshold.
You shall set the following parameters:
 PID: enter the value of the PID to consider.
 TID: enter the value of the TID to consider.
 Table Type: select from the drop-down list the
entry corresponding to the number of TidExt for
the configured TID. For instance, an SDT is
considered as a Private 2 TidExt table, a PMT is
considered as a Private 1 TidExt table and a CAT is
considered as a Private 0 TidExt table.
 TID ext [n]: depending on the table type, check the
box if you want to perform the test on this TidExt
and enter the TidExt value.
An alarm is raised if the interval between two
occurrences of the sub-table is greater than the value set
in the Maximum period field, in milliseconds.
You can add this test several times for several PIDs.

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Table 3-14. Template checking tests

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M

GigE
ASI
Sub-Table Minimum This test checks that, for a given table, the sections    O   
Interval on PID period are not lower than a given threshold.
You shall set exactly the same parameters than for the
maximum interval, described above.

Service Presence This test checks that services that you configured are    — — — —
referenced by the TS PAT.
For each service you wish to check, click the Add Service
ID button and specify the value in the displayed field.
NOTE: The list of services does not necessarily have to
be exhaustive: the test does not check that there is no
unexpected service.

Allowed PIDs This test checks that there are not unexpected PID on the    M  — —
TS.
For each PID you wish to check, click the Add PID button
and specify the PID value in the displayed field.
For this test, the exhaustive list of expected PIDs shall be
given.
The stuffing PID (0x1FFF) does not have to be given.

Scrambled PIDs This test checks that the PIDs you configured are    M  — —
scrambled.
For each PID you wish to check, click the Add PID button
and specify the PID value in the displayed field.
You can also check the Transport scrambling control
toggling box to check that the transport scrambling
control is effectively toggling periodically. Define in the
field the maximum cryptoperiod (in seconds) after
which an alarm should be raised if no change is
detected.

Not scrambled PIDs This test checks that the PIDs you configured are not    M  — —
scrambled.
For each PID you wish to check, click the Add PID button
and specify the PID value in the displayed field.

Continuity Counter This test checks continuity counter of the PIDs you    M   
configured.
For each PID you wish to check, click the Add PID button
and specify the PID value in the displayed field.

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Table 3-14. Template checking tests

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M

GigE
ASI
CRC This test checks CRC on sections of the PIDs you    M   
configured.
For each PID you wish to check, click the Add PID button
and specify the PID value in the displayed field.

Check Subtable PID This test checks the presence of unexpected subtables    M   
on specific PIDs.
You can declare private subtables or MPEG2/DVB tables.
NOTE: A DVB subtable can be declared as a private
subtable.
1. Enter the value of the Table PID in the field.
2. Enable the Check TID option if you wish to check
that no other TID than the one(s) you defined are
present on the configured PID.
3. To define TIDs,
a. Right-click the Check sub-table PID item from
the tree on the left,
b. Choose Add | TID
c. Set the TID as follows:
- TID: enter the value of the TID
- Table type: choose from the drop-down list
the number of TidExt of the table.
- Check TidExt1 level: check the box if you
wish to check the presence of unexpected
subtables at the TidExt1 level.
At each level, you can choose to check the inferior level,
by enabling the Check TidExt[n] level option.
For each level, enter the TidExt value.

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T2-MI Tests

T2-MI is a basic set of parameters that are considered necessary to


ensure that the T2-MI switches are seamless and does not cause
modulator reset.

Available in AMETH3-LIC-SWITCH-STD.

Table 3-15. T2-MI tests

Format Persistence

Optional/Mandatory

Lower threshold
Upper threshold
Test Description

Duration
310M

GigE
ASI
Presence This test checks that the T2-MI PID is present in the input  — — M  — —
transport stream.
A T2-MI stream is considered not present if:
- No T2-MI PID is detected.
- No payload is detected on the T2-MI PID.
- Bad T2-MI structure detected (invalid packet type or
superframe id).
- No new T2-MI packet detected (data but not a new
packet).
This test is mandatory for T2-MI inputs. The error level
is fixed to “critic”.
Note: a PID is not considered a T2-MI PID if no data (or
no T2-MI data) is received during a period equal to the
maximum time possible before the switch to the second
stream.

Packet count This test checks if there is no discontinuity of T2-MI  — — M  — —


packets (based on the packet_count field in the T2-MI
packets header).

PID continuity counter This test checks if there is no discontinuity of the  — — M  — —


Continuity counter on the T2-MI PID.

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GPIO View
The GPIO view lets you define the actions that should be performed on
GPIs and relays.

Figure 3-86. GPIO view

The GPIO view is divided into two areas:


 On the left, a tree contains the GPI inputs and relays.
 On the right, the Parameters frame displays the parameters linked to
the selected item in the tree.

By default, there are 6 GPI inputs defined, and no relays.

You may add inputs to the GPI inputs, add relays, and define their
associated actions.

GPI Inputs
For each input you add, you have to choose if the GPI action should be
performed on Edge or Level:
 On Edge, a switch request is emitted, but may be refused by
Amethyst III.
 On Level, the switch operation is forced, whatever the inputs state.

Refer to Section ’Setting GPI’ on page 107 for more information.

Depending on the GPI mode you chose, the type can be Raising or Falling
for the Edge mode, High or Low for the Level mode.

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Relays
Before setting the relays, you must have set the relays to the In
configuration value from the front panel or from the equipment setup
(see Section ’Using the Equipment Setup Application’ on page 51).

For each relay you add, you have to choose the source of activation from:
 Power: the relay is positioned when the Amethyst III is powered on, at
the end of the initialization process.
 Warning: the relay is positioned if the equipment status is Warning (at
least one current alarm is warning).
 Error: the relay is positioned if the equipment status is Error (at least
one current alarm is critical, major or minor).
 Switch: the relay is positioned when the selected input is on air.

Switches Associations View


The Switches associations view lets you define associations of switches.

Figure 3-87. Switches associations view

The concept and the configuration of switches associations are fully


explained in Section ’Setting Switches Association’ on page 96.

Ethernet Interfaces View (IP Configurations Only)


The Ethernet Interfaces view lets you:
 Set the technical parameters of the Ethernet ports
 Enable/disable port bypass

Ethernet Ports Parameters


Select an Ethernet interface from the tree on the left to access its
parameters.

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Figure 3-88. Ethernet Interface view - Ethernet port parameters

The following parameters are available:


 Interface
 Name
 Mode: Auto, 1000 BASE-T, Half-duplex/100 BASE-T, Full-duplex/100
BASE-T.
 IP address: enter the IP address used as source IP address for IGMP
requests.

Bypass Parameters
Select the Bypass node from the tree on the left to set the bypass
parameters.

Figure 3-89. Ethernet Interface view - Port bypass

Even in case of power failure, Amethyst III has the capability to deliver
streams by enabling a bypass between the Ethernet physical ports #1
and # 2, as well as between the Ethernet physical ports #3 and # 4.

Figure 3-90. Bypass behaviour

Eth 1 Eth 2
disabled

Eth 3 Eth 4
enabled

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Use the drop-down lists to enable or disable the bypass between


Ethernet interfaces #1 and #2, and between Ethernet interfaces #3 and #4.

In case you use the IGMP session to receive the TS over IP session in the
Amethyst input, when the equipment is off, the IGMP request is no longer
sent, and the session is therefore not present in the Amethyst output. It
is thus recommended to add forwardings rules that will allow the
forwarding of IGMP information between Ethernet #1 and Ethernet #2
and between Ethernet #3 and Ethernet #4.

Forwarding Rules View (IP Configurations Only)


The Forwarding rules view lets you to define rules to forward IP
datagrams received from an Ethernet port to another Ethernet port.

Figure 3-91. Forwarding rules view

By default, no forwarding rules are present in the configuration.

If you are securing unicast sessions, you shall add ARP rules to let ARP
datagrams transit between input interfaces and output interfaces:
 ARP rules from the input interface (Ethernet 1 and Ethernet 3) to be
sent to the output interface (Ethernet 2).
 ARP rules from the output interface (Ethernet 2) to be sent to the input
interfaces (Ethernet 1 and 3).

This view lets you:

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 Add forwarding rules based on some characteristics which identify the


IP traffic to forward.

You may define several forwarding rules. However, be careful with


rules’ order as only the first matching rule found in the list, from top
to bottom, will be applied.

Avoid setting forwarding rules on the transport streams that are


already managed by a switch.

 Define one or several destination interfaces where the received


session will be forwarded and indicate a back-up destination Gigabit
Ethernet interface where the traffic will be sent when the destination
Gigabit Ethernet interface is link-down. To know how to define a
destination interface, refer to Section ’Defining a Destination
Interface for a Forwarding Rule’ on page 85.

If you do not specify destination interfaces, the traffic will be


forwarded to all interfaces.

Forwarding Rules Parameters


For each forwarding rule, set the parameters that identify the IP traffic to
forward:
 Name: enter a proper name for the forwarding rule.
 Ethernet Protocol: IPv4, ARP.
 Define source interface: check the box to select the Gigabit Ethernet
interface to use as a source. Choose it from the drop-down list. If no
source is defined, the rule is applied to all interfaces (Eth1 to Eth4).
 Define protocol: check the box to select the protocol (TCP, UDP, ICMP,
IGMP) from the drop-down list.
 Define source IP address: check the box to enter the source IP address
in the field.
 Define source UDP port: check the box to enter the source TCP/UDP
port in the field.
 Define destination IP address: check the box to enter the destination IP
address in the field.
 Define destination UDP port: check the box to enter the destination
TCP/UDP port.
 VLAN: set to Define VLAN if you want to forward the IP traffic of a
given VLAN, in which case indicate its identifier; or else leave to No
VLAN.

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Gigabit Ethernet Destination Interface Parameters


For each Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces destination interface, the following
parameters are available:
 Destination interface: select the destination interface from the list.
 Activate fail-over: check the box if you want to define a back-up
destination Gigabit Ethernet interface where the traffic will be sent
when the main destination Gigabit Ethernet interface is link-down.
Enter the backup interface in the Backup interface field.

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Interface Supervision Items Description

Switches Tab
The Switches tab is used to display the current state of the switches and
to perform manual switching.

Figure 3-92. Switches tab

ASI switches

IP switches

The Switches tab content is a table with several rows (as many as
switches) and five columns.

For each row, that is for each switch:


 The first column indicates whether the switch belongs to an
association. This column is not present if there is not any association
in the active configuration.
 The second column gives the primary input’s name and status.
 The third column gives the secondary input’s name and status.
 The fourth column shows the name and status of the switch itself.
 The fifth column indicates if a delay compensation has been defined
for this switch.

An icon gives the status of each item (input, output or switch). Possible
status are:
 : no problem is detected on this item.
 : the most serious alarm on this item is a warning alarm.
 : the most serious alarm on this item is a minor alarm.
 : the most serious alarm on this item is a major alarm.

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 : there is at least one critical alarm on this item.

The status of a switch is defined as follows:


 Critical, Major or Minor if the on-air input’s status is Critical, Major or
Minor, respectively.
 Or else, Warning if:
 The off-air input’s status is OK or Warning
and
 The on-air input’s status is Warning
or
 The delay compensation feature is configured but unlocked.
 Or else, OK.

For each pair of inputs linked to a switch, a blue background indicates


which input is active. You can click an input that is not active to perform
a switch operation.

By selecting a switch, you can obtain:


 A graphical representation of the complete switch with
indication of:
 The active input (the one linked to the switch) and indication of
the status of the two inputs
 The status of the switch
 The status of all outputs
Click the inactive input to perform a manual switch operation.

Figure 3-93. Switch graphical representation

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 Supervision information on delay compensation and


synchronization, if any.
This information is available:
 For a TS switch with activated delay compensation
synchronization: graph and switch details.
 For a T2-MI gateway switch: switch details only.
 For a T2-MI network switch: graph and switch details.

Figure 3-94. Delay Compensation Timing Display (on an ASI TS switch)

Figure 3-95. Delay Compensation Timing Display (on an IP TS switch)

The time lines represent the two streams after application of time
delay (if configured). For example in the first graph above, input 4
stream is in advance of 120 ms after a time delay compensation of
400 ms.
This area gives the following indications:
 On the graph, if available:
- The name and status (active) of the inputs.
- If an input is delayed, the delay value, expressed in
milliseconds.
- The remaining delay detected between the two streams,
expressed in milliseconds and the relative temporal
position of the streams.
- In ASI delay compensation, the pattern period on the active
stream, expressed in milliseconds.

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- In IP delay compensation, the estimated bit rate of the


active stream.
- The synchronization position of the active input in its search
window. Note that the synchronization position is centered
at the middle of the search window when the switch first
tries to lock. If the synchronization is found, after a switch
the synchronization position of the new active input may
not be centered anymore. In case of modification of the
off-air input and resynchronization, the search window may
remain not centered for both inputs.
- The search window duration expressed in milliseconds, as
configured in the Switch dialog box in the Configuration
switch view.
 Switch details:
- Whether the Delay compensation or the T2-MI
synchronization is locked or not.
- For a T2-MI switch in gateway redundancy mode, whether
the seamless switching is guaranteed or not.
- The latency introduced on the active input due to the delay
compensation.

Maintenance Mode
On the top-right corner, a Turn Maintenance ON link lets you turn on or
off the Maintenance mode.

When the equipment is in Maintenance mode, no test is performed on


inputs. The equipment is thus unable to switch automatically and no
alarms are generated. Their status indicator is green.

This mode may be used for wiring operations, for example.

It can also be enabled using the front panel or by SNMP.

FEC Reactivation
On the top-right corner, a Reactivate FEC link lets you turn on the FEC
correction and generation if it has been deactivated.

Figure 3-96. FEC reactivation

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FEC can also be enabled through the front panel or the SNMP interface.

When the FEC has been deactivated:


 FEC correction: the FEC sessions are not taken into account and no
FEC correction is performed.
 FEC generation: no FEC packet generation using FEC information is
performed.

Outputs Tab
The Outputs tab is used to:
 Display the outputs status
 View the output source
 Configure the monitoring outputs
 Check which physical GigE Ethernet interfaces are effectively linked to
a TS over IP interface (IP platform)

Figure 3-97. Outputs tab

ASI switches

IP switches

The Outputs tab displays a list of all outputs with an indication of the
content that is broadcast and also the main and backup IP destinations
(when applicable).

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Defining What Content Should Be Sent To Monitoring Outputs


In ASI platforms, outputs that are not configured in the main
configuration are considered as monitoring outputs.

In IP platforms, the monitoring outputs shall be manually declared.

This view lets you define what content should be sent to monitoring
outputs.

Figure 3-98. Switches view - Output content selection

For each monitoring output, you can choose to broadcast:


 The content of one input
 The content selected by a switch
 The content not selected by a switch

A selection may be refused if the maximum number of outputs


allowed for the selected element is reached. To know this
number, see Section ’Input/Output Limitations’ on page 210.

Performing a Signal Redirection on Amethyst III (on IP platforms)


To redirect the signal, click the main or backup interface that is not
currently used (i.e. on grey background). The backup interface can be
configured.

Figure 3-99. Redirecting the signal

IP switches Click here to redirect the signal of IP Switch 1

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Statistics Tab
The Statistics tab displays several types of charts (i.e. pie chart, line chart,
stacking area chart, bar chart) that show the input streams content and
the associated bit rates.

You need to double-click an item from the Snapshot view to obtain the
corresponding statistics.

The content of the statistics view varies along with the item selected:
 If you select the Ethernet interface, the view displays the minimum
value, the maximum value and the last bit rate relating to:
 The received and transmitted Ethernet bit rate
 If you select the input (IP or ASI), the view displays the minimum
value, the maximum value and the last bit rate relating to:
 Each program
 The used part and the global part of the transport stream
 The stuffing PID
 The Ghost PID
 PSI/SI
 If you select a PAT item, the view displays the following information:
 Bit rate of each table PID (PSI/SI/PSIP)
 Global PSI/SI/PSIP rate
 If you select a program, the view displays the following information:
 Bit rate of each component (audio, video, data)
 Global program bitrate
 If you select a ghost item, the view displays the following information:
 Bit rate of each ghost component
 Global ghost bitrate

The used bit rate might not equal the sum of programs bit rates,
since some elementary streams can be shared by more than one
program.

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Figure 3-100. Statistics tab

On the top-right corner, you can select the type of chart to display: pie
chart, line chart, stacking area chart or bar chart.

Below the chart, a caption is displayed in an array of stream elements.

Columns Overview
 / : check the box to display the corresponding element on the
chart.
 Color rectangle: indicates the color used to represent the element on
the chart. To change the color, double-click the small color rectangle.
The Pick a Color dialog opens for you to choose a new color. Click OK
to validate.
 Name: depending on the selected item, this column displays:
 For an input:
- Name and number of the programs
- PSI/SI for MPEG/DVB system tables
- Stuffing for unused bit rate
 For a PSI/SI item: PID and type of the PSI/SI components
 For a program: PID and type of the program components
 For a ghost: PID of the ghost components
 Last value: last bit rate value for this element.
 Min value: minimal bit rate value for this element.
 Max value: maximal bit rate value for this element.

Display Customization
The caption array can be customized. You may indeed:

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 Resize columns: move your mouse between two column headers. The
mouse cursor should change to . Click and drag the column to the
wanted size and then release the mouse button.
 Move columns: click the column header and drag it to the new
position.

All the graph display settings are not saved. They are applet specific
and will be lost after the closure of the interface.

Charts Types Overview


In a pie chart, each slice represents an element (e.g. program, ghost
component, stuffing, program component) that is referenced in the
caption.

In a line chart, each line represents an element.

A stacking area chart describes the rates of each element of a TS. It is very
useful to visualize the bandwidth use.

In a bar chart, the bit rate of each element is represented by a colored bar.

Selected Elements on Charts


One or more element may be selected. Selected elements are
highlighted in the caption and the corresponding element on the graph
is displayed in a brighter color, and off-centered from the graph on pie
charts.

To select an element, you can click the item in the caption or in the chart.
To select several elements, press CTRL while clicking the elements.

Figure 3-101 shows an example where two PIDs are selected on a


program pie chart.

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Figure 3-101. PIDs selected on a pie chart

Graph Settings
On the top-left corner of the Statistics view, a Settings button lets you
access the Graph settings dialog.

Figure 3-102. Graph settings (for a stacking area chart).

Available settings depend on the type of chart. You may set the following
items:
 Antialiasing: check the box to smooth the curves on graphs.

The CPU usage of the supervision PC is more important when the


antialiasing option is enabled.

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 Value scale color: choose the color you wish to use for the scale. You
can either click the square to choose a color from the displayed dialog,
or enter the RGB value in the fields.
 Horizontal:
 Display grid: uncheck the box if you wish to hide the horizontal
lines of the grid on the graph.
 Auto horizontal scale: uncheck the box if you want to specify
manually the minimum and maximum values of the scale. Else,
the scale is calculated automatically according to the range of
values to display.
 Division count: enter the number of horizontal divisions of the
chart in the field, or set using the cursor.
 Vertical:
 Display grid: uncheck the box if you wish to hide the vertical
lines of the grid on the graph.
 Division count: enter the number of vertical divisions of the chart
in the field, or set using the cursor.
 Window duration: enter the number of seconds that should be
displayed on the timeline, or set it using the cursor.
 Display points: check the box to display the points on the curves.
 Brighter color display: check the box to display the elements with
brighter colors.

Reset Button
On the top-left corner, the Reset button lets you reinitialize the values and
the graph. The minimum and maximum values are reset.

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Ethernet, FEC Tab


To access this view, in the Snapshot panel, right-click:
 On an Ethernet input and choose Display Ethernet information.
 On an IP input with FEC correction enabled, and choose Display FEC
information. This is available only if you have purchased the FEC
option.

The Ethernet, FEC tab is displayed and provides statistics on the input.

It also indicates the date of the last counter reset, and the Reset button
lets you reset the statistics on the selected input.

Ethernet Information
The Ethernet statistics area contains two types of information: RX
statistics and TX statistics.

Figure 3-103. Ethernet tab

Each area displays the number of frames on which the statistics are
provided.

Each counter is independent and automatically stops when the


maximum number of frame is received, as in the TX statistics area in
Figure 3-103. You can see that this area reads "more than 2E32 frames",
which means 232 frames. In this case you must reset the statistics to keep
on monitoring the statistics.

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FEC Information (Optional)


The FEC tab contains two area: RX FEC Statistics and RX FEC Scheme.

Figure 3-104. FEC information tab

RX FEC Statistics

This area indicates the number of RTP packets lost, recovered or


transmitted post FEC (including recovered, reordered, duplicated, out of
range packets).

RX FEC Scheme

This area provides a graphical representation of the FEC characteristics,


with the number of rows and columns of the FEC matrix, and the type of
FEC (1D or 2D).

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Tests Tab
The Tests tab provides a global overview of the quality of service of a
selected input. Alarms are sorted by TR 101 290 level and advanced level.

Figure 3-105. Tests view

Input Input Last counter TR 101 290 level Reset counters


state selector reset date state button

TR 101 290 test state

Alarm counter

Each TR 101 290 test line makes a synthesis of all alarms dealing with this
test.

For each test, a LED indicates the status. LEDs have the same meaning as
in the rest of the GUI.
 If the LED is gray , the corresponding test is disabled.
 If the LED is green , the corresponding test is enabled, and there is
currently no corresponding alarm.
 If the LED is red , the corresponding test is enabled and there
is an error.

A counter indicates the number of alarms that occurred on the selected


input since the last counter reset. The counter counts both active and
closed alarms. All alarms counters can be reset through the Reset
Counters button at the top right of the screen.

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T2-MI Tab
The T2-MI tab provides information related to the T2-MI stream as
detailed in the standards.

To display the T2-MI tab, double-click a T2-MI stream PID in the Snapshot
view or right-click it and select Display T2-MI information.

Figure 3-106. T2-MI tab

The values provided on this tab directly issue from the T2-MI L1 current
and T2-MI timestamp frames. For more details on the values, refer to the
documents listed in Table A-23 ’Standard compliance’ on page 215.

This view is refreshed each time the T2-MI information is updated, except
the L1 post signalling area, which is read less often. The Force L1 post
signalling update on next refresh option lets you force the update of this
area.

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Automation Tab
The Automation tab is used to define a scheduling of configurations
stored in the Amethyst III memory. This is not necessary when the
configuration is static but is an interesting tool when you need to plan
sequences of configurations.

Figure 3-107. Automation tab

Schedule

The Automation tab contains the following elements:


 The Select automation drop-down list lets you enable automation:
 No automation: the configurations will be activated manually.
 Schedule: the configurations will be activated using a schedule.
 A toolbar, available when Schedule is selected, lets you edit the for
schedule.

Figure 3-108. Automation toolbar

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Table 3-16. Basic tools in the edition toolbar

Display Definition

Inserts a new schedule after the current selection.

Inserts a new schedule before the current selection.

Duplicates the current selection.

Moves up the current selection.

Moves down the current selection.

Removes the current selection.

Removes all

To know how to enable the automation and define your schedule, refer
to Section ’Setting the Automation’ on page 112.

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4
Chapter
Servicing

Introduction

This chapter describes servicing operations.

Content of this Chapter

’Installing Software Update’ ......................................................page 180

’Upgrading a License’ .................................................................page 182

’Cleaning Air Inlet Grill’ ..............................................................page 183

’Replacing the Lithium Battery’ .................................................page 184

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Chapter 4 ’Servicing’ — Installing Software Update

Installing Software Update

Introduction
The purpose of this section is to explain how upgrading the device
software.

Downloader Overview
From the supplied CD-ROM, run Downloader\Downloader.jar

Figure 4-1. Firmware download

File browser

Progress panel

Menu
panel
Equipment
panel
Log panel

 Menu panel:
 Get version: gets the firmware version loaded in the selected
equipment.
 Update: updates the firmware of the selected equipment.
 About: displays the version number of the download software.
 Select File panel: lets you select the file to be downloaded (".trf" file).
 Select Equipment panel:
 Add: lets you add a new IP address to the list.
 Delete: lets you delete the selected IP address.
 Modify: lets you modify the selected IP address.

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 Progress panel: shows the progress of the 3 steps in the upgrading


task: Download, Flash erasure and Programming.
 Log panel: shows messages pertaining to the different steps in the
upgrading task, and to its success or failure.

Downloading a New Firmware


1. Turn on the platform.
2. From the supplied CD-ROM, run Download\Downloader.jar.
3. In this application, select the file to download to the platform.
4. Click Add and enter the platform IP address.
5. Click Update to download the new firmware.
6. Wait for the end of the download process.
7. The platform restarts to take this new firmware into account.

During firmware download (Flash erasure and Programming steps),


equipment will automatically switch to maintenance and passive
mode so as to prevent unexpected switching.
A specific alarm "New firmware downloading" will also appear in the
alarm list.
If the current configuration is in passive mode, there will not be any
synchronization loss on the smart-secured outputs. So, if the active
input remains safe during the download process, there will not be
any service disruption.
If the current configuration is in active mode, there will be two very
short synchronization losses on the smart-secured outputs: the first
one before the flash erasure step (transition from active mode to
passive mode), the second one after the equipment reboot
(transition from passive mode back to active mode).

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Upgrading a License
To update your license, proceed the same way as to download a new
firmware with the Downloader.jar utility. Refer to Section ’Installing
Software Update’ above.

At the end of the downloading, the platform restarts.

If the license file does not contain information related to the equipment,
the downloading fails.

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Chapter 4 ’Servicing’ — Cleaning Air Inlet Grill

Cleaning Air Inlet Grill


To prevent the power supply from overheating, you must regularly:
 Clean the rack filter according to the manufacturer’s
recommendations
 Clean Amethyst III’s air inlet grill

These operations must be performed at least twice a year.

The device must be installed in a room with low dust levels. The
maximum density of dust in the air must not exceed 100 μg/m3 and
the maximum number of particles with a diameter greater than 1 μm
must not exceed 1 million/m3.

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Chapter 4 ’Servicing’ — Replacing the Lithium Battery

Replacing the Lithium Battery

When to Change the Battery?


The life expectancy of the battery is 5 years if the equipment is turned-on,
and 2 years if the equipment is switched off.

The battery must be changed if the "Battery failure" alarm is active.


 This alarm is displayed in the Active alarms panel in the supervision
interface.
 The system LED is red on the front panel.
 An SNMP trap corresponding to this alarm is emitted.

Reference
The battery is a RENATA 3V CR2032 lithium battery.

Safety
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only
with the same or equivalent type recommended by the
manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the
manufacturer instructions.

To avoid electric shock, switch off the equipment power, and


disconnect both power cords from the mains power supply. Before
beginning the procedure, the operator must put on a grounded
antistatic bracelet.

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Step-by-Step Procedure
After this operation you will have to re-configure your equipment. The
current configuration will be deactivated.

The following parameters will be erased:


 Alarms
 Identity settings
 SNMP settings
 Date & time settings
 Access rights settings
 Relay settings
 Switch state
 Monitoring counters

Step 1: Removing the Cover


1. Turn off the power supply (unplug the power supply connectors).
2. Unscrew the 8 black Philips screws (H shape) from the cover (3
right-hand side screws, 3 left-hand side screws, 2 rear screws).
3. Slip the cover to the rear and remove it.

Step 2: Removing the Battery


Remove the battery from its holder using the thumb and forefinger.
Never ever use any pointed or sharp object to lever the battery out, since
this could seriously damage the holder or the surrounding tracks.

Figure 4-2. Removing the battery from its holder

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Step 3: Inserting the New Battery


1. Check that the voltage level of the new battery is far beyond +2.9V.
2. Insert the new battery (markings visible to the operator) into its holder.
3. Check the battery is properly clipped in by gently pressing down on it.
4. Put the cover back on and screw down the 8 screws to a torque of 0.6
N/m - Do not exceed a torque of 0.9 N/m so as not to damage the
screws.

Step 4: Checking that the New Battery Works


1. Turn back on the platform.
2. Check that the "Battery Failure" alarm has disappeared.

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5 Chapter
Frequently Asked Questions

Introduction

If you face any problem with the equipment, read this section. It can help
you to resolve your issue.

Content of this Chapter

’The ASI delay compensation does not lock. What should I do?’
page 188

’When I turn off my equipment the sessions stop to be broadcast


from Eth1 to Eth2, what should I do?’......................................page 189

’My receiver equipment no longer receives a session after a switch


operation in Amethyst III. Why?’...............................................page 191

’My IP Amethyst III raises a "Reception overflow" or "Transmission


overflow" alarm. What should I do?’........................................page 192

’I want to configure a firewall on my supervision network. Which TCP


and UDP ports should I authorize?’ ..........................................page 193

’A FEC deactivation alarm is raised, what should I do?’ .......page 193

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Chapter 5 ’Frequently Asked Questions’ — The ASI delay compensation does not lock.

The ASI delay compensation does not lock.


What should I do?
If the ASI delay compensation feature does not lock, perform the
following verifications:
 Check the delay compensation maximum bitrate value in the
configuration:
 It should be more than or equal to the input’s real bitrate. If not,
you should get a buffer overflow alarm.
 It should not be too superior to the input real bitrate (for
instance, it should not be twice the input real bitrate). If so, it can
be difficult for Amethyst III to lock, and you should get an alarm
indicating that the real bitrate is much lower than the configured
maximum bitrate, or that the pattern period is too short.
 Check that the effective period of the synchronization pattern (i.e. the
pattern set in the configuration) is equal to more than twice the Search
window set in the configuration. If not, you should get an alarm
indicating that the real bitrate is much lower than the configured
maximum bitrate, or that the pattern period is too short.
 If your configuration is a DVB-T SFN stream redundancy, check that
you have selected the SFN adapter redundancy mode and used
PID 21.
 Check that delay compensation is possible: if a device situated earlier
in the chain changed one of the two incoming streams bitrate, or
modified the packets distribution, it is not possible for Amethyst III to
lock.

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Chapter 5 ’Frequently Asked Questions’ — When I turn off my equipment the sessions

When I turn off my equipment the sessions stop to be


broadcast from Eth1 to Eth2, what should I do?
 Check that you have correctly enabled the bypass between the Gigabit
Ethernet interfaces (Ethernet 1 <-> Ethernet 2).
 Check in the configuration of the TS over IP input on Ethernet 1. If
IGMPv2 is activated, check that the final TS over IP session receiver
sends IGMP requests that will replace the IGMP requests that are sent
by Amethyst III when it is on.

If you do not want Amethyst III to send IGMP requests, you can disable
them in the TS over IP input and create forwarding rules that will transfer
the original request between the associated ports.

For instance, if you want to forward the IGMP request between Ethernet 1
and Ethernet 2, you can add rules as shown in Figure 5-1.

Figure 5-1. Example of forwarding rule to transfer IGMP requests from Ethernet 1 to
Ethernet 2

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Figure 5-2. Example of forwarding rule to transfer all the IGMP messages sent by the
multicast receiver equipment to Ethernet 1

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Chapter 5 ’Frequently Asked Questions’ — My receiver equipment no longer receives a

My receiver equipment no longer receives a session


after a switch operation in Amethyst III. Why?
Receivers may use destination and source IP and port parameters to
identify the session. If the incoming sessions are distinct when the switch
occurs, the receivers act as if the session had disappeared. In that case,
use the masquerading feature in the TS over IP output dialog box so that
the output sessions parameters are identical whatever the active input.

It is also recommended that the parameters be consistent with the


configuration of the session that goes through the equipment when the
bypass is enabled.

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Chapter 5 ’Frequently Asked Questions’ — My IP Amethyst III raises a "Reception

My IP Amethyst III raises a "Reception overflow"


or "Transmission overflow" alarm. What should I do?
 Reception overflow: there may be a network saturation. Connect
only one input Ethernet interface and check that the received bitrate is
within the specifications. See Table A-16 ’Amethyst III Performances’
on page 209.
 Transmission overflow: You may have duplicated streams and
exceeded the maximum bitrate allowed. See Table A-16 ’Amethyst III
Performances’ on page 209.
 There may be a loop in your network.
You can use the Statistics tab to check that there is no unexpected
traffic received by or sent to an interface.

Figure 5-3. Reception and Transmission bitrates in the Statistics tab

For instance on Figure 5-3 you can see that the selected interface does
not transmit any traffic.
Refer to Section ’Statistics Tab’ on page 167.
 An incoming session should not be broadcast through another
interface on the same network, except if masquerading is
enabled. Check that there is no errors in the switch
configuration.
- Check the interfaces indicated in the TS over IP inputs.
- Check the interfaces and the masquerading parameters
indicated in the TS over IP outputs.
For more information on input and output parameters, refer
to Section ’Setting the Input Parameters’ on page 75 and
to Section ’Setting the Output Parameters’ on page 80.
 Forwarding rules may transfer ARP or IPv4 packets received on
an interface to all the other interfaces.
=> If a rule causes a loop, replace it by forwarding rules that fit
your network configuration. For more information on
forwarding rules, refer to Section ’Setting an IP Forwarding
(for IP Amethyst III)’ on page 84.
 Check the defined forwarding rules and their order (only the first
matching rule found in the list, from top to bottom, is applied).

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Chapter 5 ’Frequently Asked Questions’ — I want to configure a firewall on my

I want to configure a firewall on my supervision


network. Which TCP and UDP ports should I authorize?
Here is the list of TCP and UDP ports you should authorize to guarantee
that Amethyst III works properly:
 TCP ports:
 HTTP: 80
 Web GUI: 4146
 Downloader: 4192
 UDP ports
 EquipmentSetup: 68
 NTP: 123
 SNMP: 161

A FEC deactivation alarm is raised, what should I do?

In which cases is FEC deactivated?


The FEC may be deactivated if:
 The FEC board correction or generation limit has been reached. In this
case, the FEC analysis is deactivated for the whole platform
 If FEC correction or FEC generation is requested for an input IP session
that is not over RTP or with counts a variable number of TS packets
per datagram. In these cases, the FEC generation or correction is
deactivated.

What happens when FEC is deactivated?


When FEC is deactivated, the following events occur:
 An alarm is raised per concerned input/output.
 The status of the corresponding element is set to warning.
 The FEC processing is deactivated, only the main IP session is
broadcast.

The related output sessions are impacted by the FEC activation or


deactivation operation. Several IP packets may be dropped.

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Chapter 5 ’Frequently Asked Questions’ — A FEC deactivation alarm is raised, what

How can I reactivate FEC?


You can reactivate manually FEC correction or generation after
adaptation of the input session through:
 The SNMP interface (see Section ’Reactivating the FEC Correction
or Generation’ on page 259)
 The front panel
 The Activate FEC button on the top of the Web interface

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A Appendix
Technical Specifications

Introduction

This chapter gives information on signal processing and device


specifications. It also provides standard compliance, declarations of
conformity, and an ordering guide.

Content of this Chapter

’Signal Processing’......................................................................page 196

’General Device Specifications’ ................................................page 209

’Standard Compliance’ ...............................................................page 215

’Safety and Electromagnetic Compatibility’ ...........................page 216

’Ordering Guide’ ..........................................................................page 219

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Appendix A ’Technical Specifications’ — Signal Processing

Signal Processing

Physical Interfaces
All the inputs and the outputs are safety extra low voltage signals.

ASI Interfaces

Table A-1. ASI interfaces specifications

Standard EN 50083-9 - DVB Blue Book A010 - Annex B,


compliance Asynchronous Serial Interface
Density Up to 8 inputs
Up to 8 outputs

Connectors 75 Ohms BNC female


Mode Byte and packet
Automatic detection
Output mode = input mode
Size 188 and 204
Automatic detection
Output size = input size
Bitrate From 100 kbps to 200 Mbps
Support of unequal bitrates for inputs of the same
switch
Smart-secured  Output 1 secures inputs 1 and 2
outputs  Output 3 secures inputs 3 and 4
(bypass)  Output 5 secures inputs 5 and 6
 Output 7 secures inputs 7 and 8

 User configurable:
 Last switch decision
 Primary input
 Secondary input

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SMPTE 310M Interface

Table A-2. SMPTE 310M interfaces specifications

Standard SMPTE ST 310:2010


compliance

Connectors 75 Ohms BNC


Bitrate 19.4 Mb/s only

Gigabit Ethernet Interface

Table A-3. Gigabit Ethernet interfaces specifications

Density 4 ports, bidirectional:


Typical usage
 2 input ports
 2 output ports (with signal duplication)

Connectors RJ-45 connectors

Speed/Mode  Auto
 1000BASE-T
 Half-duplex/100BASE-TX
 Full-duplex/100BASE-TX

Supported  IPv4a
protocols  RTP/UDP
 IGMPv2/v3 for subscription to input
 VLAN tagging

Not  Ethernet 802.3 datagrams are discarded on


Supported reception.
Layer 2
Protocols

Max bitrate 700 Mbps per interface (reception + emission, including


forwarding rules)

Signal The IP stream is expected


processing
 In correct order and without duplication: Amethyst III
does not perform reordering neither deletion of
duplicated datagram (even when RTP layer is
present).
 Unfragmented: fragmented packets are not
processed (regarding TS over IP).
Note that Amethyst III changes the output RTP sequence
number if the delay compensation is activated to avoid
gaps in sequence number due to a switch operation.

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Table A-3. Gigabit Ethernet interfaces specifications

Bypass Can be configured to:


 Activated: 1 GigE interface connected to another on
reboot or power-off
 Deactivated: link down on reboot or power-off
Couples of GigE interfaces:
 ETH 1 and ETH 2
 ETH 3 and ETH 4
Independent configuration of the interfaces couples, for
example:

Eth 1 Eth 2
disabled

Eth 3 Eth 4
enabled

Output When enabled, the GigE interface is link-down, then the TS


Fail-over is sent on the back-up Gigabit Ethernet interface (if this
interface is link-up).
Manual restore required when the main GigE interface
comes up.
The GUI displays the GigE interface currently used for this
TS over IP output, and allows manual switching to the other
GigE interface.

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Table A-3. Gigabit Ethernet interfaces specifications

FEC FEC is supported by the card AMETH3-HW-GIGE-4-FEC.


FEC correction and FEC generation are exclusive features:
once configured to manage FEC correction, then FEC
generation is not allowed (and reversely).
FEC correction (on input streams)
 SMPTE 2022-1-2007
 SMPTE 2022-2-2007
 Up to 16 x FEC correction
 FEC 1D and 2D support
 4x4 to 10x10 matrices support
 Linear interleaving mode (L=L’)
 Up to 1400 Mbps in the unit (TS + FEC)
 Up to 700 Mbps per GigE port (TS + FEC)
FEC generation (on output streams)
 SMPTE 2022-1-2007
 SMPTE 2022-2-2007
 Up to 16 x FEC generation
 FEC 1D and 2D support
 4x4 to 10x10 matrices support
 Linear interleaving mode on 2D matrices (L=L’)
 Up to 900 Mbps in the unit (TS + FEC)
 Up to 700 Mbps per GigE port (TS + FEC)
Notes
 SMPTE 2022-3-2007 not supported. FEC on variable
bit rate stream or variable number of TS per IP
datagram not supported.
 FEC generation requires incoming transport streams
encapsulated over RTP.
 Reducing the number of TS packets per IP datagram
reduces the FEC correction capacities.

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Table A-3. Gigabit Ethernet interfaces specifications

IP traffic By default, the traffic that arrives on a Gigabit Ethernet


forwarding interface is not forwarded to another interface.
Some ARP rules may be activated because filtering ARP
may block all the unicast traffic (the corresponding
forwarding rule is that all ARP datagrams coming from an
interface are sent to all the other Gigabit Ethernet
interfaces)
Or other forwarding rules may be activated in order to
indicate that IP datagrams shall be forwarded to another
interface. A forwarding rule is configured as follows:
 Identification key:
 Source Gigabit Ethernet interface (optional)
 IP protocol: IPv4, ARP.
 Source IP address (optional)
 Destination IP address (optional)
 Protocol: TCP, UDP, ICMP, IGMP (optional)
 Source TCP/UDP port (optional)
 Destination TCP/UDP port (optional)
 VLAN tagging
 List of destination Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
 Fail-over
There is no specific processing for fragmented datagrams,
so the forwarding rule may not correctly operate in this
case. Therefore a fragmented stream may be partially sent
to the destination interface.

T2-MI  ASI seamless switching supported on THOMSON


NetProcessor T2-MI gateways (v04.70 and following)
 ASI input bit rate: from 20Mbps to 80 Mbps
 Maximum number of PLP per T2-MI PID: 32
 The stuffing level in the stream shall be reasonable
(the T2-MI PID bit rate shall be above 50% of the
global TS bit rate)
 The PIDs embedding T2-MI packets shall be identical
on both streams.
 The seamless switching is guaranteed on the T2-MI
layer. When a switch occurs, CC on the T2-MI PID is
preserved.
a IPv4 options present in the IP header are not processed, but they are not

discarded and can then be processed as any other device when the datagram
is forwarded to the output, whether IP masquerading is enabled or not.

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GPI Inputs (Triggers)

Table A-4. GPI inputs specifications

Number of 6 inputs:
inputs
 2 BNC: GPI1 and 2
 4 Phoenix contacts: GPI3 to 6

BNC  BNC-TTL 50


 High level > 2,4V
 Low level < 0.8V
 Support of GPIO server OR free voltage contacts

Phoenix  PHOENIX CONTACT. MC1,5/4-G-3,81 Header 4pts


contacts  TTL input with internal 4.7K pull-up to +3.3V, 5 Volt
tolerant with debounce (80ms max).
 Support of GPIO server and free voltage contacts.
 You must use 4 points connectors and not two 2
points connectors.

Mode  Edge, Raising of Falling (configurable) => switching


request
 Level, High or Low => switching forcing

Table A-5 provides examples of PHOENIX contact 4 points plugs. These


are references of plugs you can purchase to perform your GPI
connections.

Table A-5. PHOENIX contact 4 points plugs

Item
Model Description
number

1803594 MC 1,5/ 4-ST-3,81  Plug component


 Nominal current: 8 A
 Nominal voltage: 160 V
 Pitch: 3.81 mm
 Number of positions: 4
 Connection type: screw
connection
 Color: green

1826995 MCVW 1,5/ 4-ST-3,81  Plug component


 Nominal current: 8 A
 Nominal voltage: 160 V
 Pitch: 3.81 mm
 Number of positions: 4
 Connection type: screw
connection
 Color: green

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Free Voltage Contacts (Relays)

Table A-6. GPI inputs specifications

Number of  4 relays: Phoenix contacts


relays

Phoenix  Header 3pts, 3.81 mm. PHOENIX CONTACT.


contacts MC1,5/3-G-3,81.
 closure to GND (Common)
 switching current: 1 A max
 maximum switching voltage: 15VDC
 mechanical time-life: 1×10E5 operations (15 VDC/1A
(resistive) at 20°C, 1Hz)

Relays default  Relay 1: Power or switch position


configuration  Relay 2: Error or switch position
 Relay 3: Warning or switch position
 Relay 4: None, the relay is always released

Table A-5 provides examples of PHOENIX contact 3 points plugs. These


are references of plugs you can purchase to perform your relay
connections.

Table A-7. PHOENIX contact 3 points plugs

Item
Model Description
number

1803581 MC 1,5/ 3-ST-3,81  Plug component,


 Nominal current: 8 A,
 Nominal voltage: 160 V,
 Pitch: 3.81 mm,
 Number of positions: 3,
 Connection type: Screw
connection,
 Color: green

1826982 MCVW 1,5/ 3-ST-3,81  Plug component,


 Nominal current: 8 A,
 Nominal voltage: 160 V,
 Pitch: 3.81 mm,
 Number of positions: 3,
 Connection type: Screw
connection,
 Color: green

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Ethernet Control/Command

Table A-8. Gigabit Ethernet interfaces electrical specifications

Connectors 1 RJ-45 port


Speed 10/100 Base T

Control/  Web GUI


Monitoring  Front panel
modes  SNMP v2
 GPIs (X6)
 Free voltage contacts (X4)

TR101.290 + Template Checking


Table A-9. TR101.290 + template checking specifications

Level of test Supported tests Availability

TR 101 290  1.1 TS Sync Loss Standard platform


Level 1  1.2 Sync Byte Error + Advanced
 1.3.a.1 PAT Interval platform
 1.3.a.2 PID 0 PAT
 1.3.a.3 PAT Scrambling
 1.4 Continuity Counter
 1.5.a.1 PMT Interval
 1.5.a.2 PMT Scrambling
 1.6.a PID AV Error
 1.6.b PID Other Error

TR 101 290  2.1 Transport Error Advanced platform


Level 2  2.2 CRC Error
 2.3.a PCR Repetition
 2.3.b PCR Discontinuity
 2.4 PCR Accuracy
 2.5 PTS Error
 2.6.1 CAT Presence
 2.6.2 PID 1 CAT

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Table A-9. TR101.290 + template checking specifications

Level of test Supported tests Availability

TR 101 290  3.1.a.1 PID 0x10 NIT Advanced platform


Level 3 (DVB)  3.1.a.2 NIT Actual Interval
 3.1.b NIT Other Interval
 3.4.a Unreferenced PIDs
 3.5.a.1 PID 0x11 SDT BAT
 3.5.a.2 SDT Actual Interval
 3.5.b SDT Other Interval
 3.6.a.1 PID 0x12 EIT
 3.6.a.2 EIT Actual P/F Interval
 3.6.b EIT Other P/F Interval
 3.6.c EIT P/F Error
 3.7 PID 0x13 RST
 3.8.1 TDT Interval
 3.8.2 PID 0x14 TDT TOT

TR 101 290  3.1 PID 0xIFFB Advanced platform


Level 3 (ATSC)  3.3 STT Interval
 3.4.a Unreferenced PIDs
 3.5 MGT Interval
 3.6.a TVCT Interval
 3.6.b CVCT Interval
 3.7 RRT Interval

TR 101 290 SFN  MIP_timing_error Advanced platform


Synchroniza-  MIP_structure_error
tion (DVB only)  MIP_presence_error
 MIP_pointer_error
 MIP_periodicity_error
 MIP_ts_rate_error

Advanced Level  PID Maximum Bit Rate (and PID Advanced platform
Configuration Absence)
(template  PID Minimum Bit Rate (and PID
checking tests) Presence)
 Stuffing Max Bit Rate (and
Stuffing Absence)
 Stuffing Min Bit Rate
 Sub-Table Maximum Interval
 Sub-Table Minimum Interval
 Service Presence
 Allowed PIDs
 Scrambled PIDs
 Not scrambled PIDs
 Continuity Counter
 CRC
 Check Subtable PID

T2-MI tests  Presence Standard platform


 Packet count
 PID continuity counter

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Transport Stream Specifications


Table A-10. Transport stream specifications

TS over ASI transport streams

Mode CBR

Supported MPEG-2, DVB, ATSC


standards

TS packet 188 and 204 bytes


length

TS over IP transport streams

Encapsulation TS/UDP/IPv4 and TS/RTP/UDP/IPv4

Mode CBR, VBR

Supported MPEG-2, DVB, ATSC


standards

TS packet 188 and 204 bytes


length

Number of TS from 1 to 7
packets per IP
datagram

FEC correction Available on TS/RTP/UDP/IPv4


and generation
Mode CBR only
FEC correction max input bit rate = 1.4 Gbps (including FEC
session bit rate)
FEC generation max output bit rate (including FEC session
bit rate) around 900 Mbps. The limit bit rate may vary if the
number of TS packets per datagram is under 7.
Interleaving mode supported only on 2D matrices

Redundant TS inputs shall have the same mode (byte/packet, ASI only)
and the same size (188/204). The bitrates may be different.

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TS Output

Table A-11. TS output specifications

Source Configurable in the GUI:


 Switch output on-air stream
 Switch output off-air stream
 TS input

Features  Masquerading (IP only) to change all or part of


transmission parameters:
 Source IP address
 Destination IP address (multicast only).
Amethyst III does not manage unicast IP/MAC
association.
 Source UDP port
 Destination UDP port
 VLAN tagging
The output source MAC address is always the input
one, as well as the RTP header.
The output destination MAC address is computed
from the multicast destination IP address.
 No restamping: the PCR is not modified when a
switch occurs.
If a switch occurs from A to B between packet 0
and 1, the output will deliver: A0 - B1 - B2, where
Output date B1 - Output date A0 = Input date B1 -
Input date B0
 Deactivation on critical state: the TS output can
be deactivated when the status of the selected TS
input is critical

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Switches
Table A-12. Switches specifications

Density Up to 4 ASI switches


Up to 8 IP switches

Seamless ASI: switch perform at TS packet boundary


switch method
IP: switch perform at IP datagram boundary

Strategy  Manual: Except for the GPI trigger in Edge mode,


the manual switching action always provides the
input switch regardless of whether the input is safe
or not. For the GPI trigger in Edge mode, the switch
request may be refused by Amethyst III if the input is
not safe.
 Redundancy: the on-air TS input remains on-air
while it is safe.
 Main/Spare: the main TS input is on-air when it is
safe. When it is erroneous, the back-up TS input
becomes on-air, until the main TS input is safe again.

Mode  Automatic
 Manual: GPI trigger, front panel, Web GUI, SNMP

Delay Compensation

Table A-13. Delay compensation specifications for ASI platforms

Time delay 10 seconds max

Synchronization Network
method
SFN adapter

Synchronization ± 500 ms max


window

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Table A-14. Delay compensation specifications for IP

Time delay 10 seconds max

Synchronization DVB-T SFN pattern: realignment of packets originating


method from two Transport Streams based on user-defined PID
(for instance MIP)
Network: detection of identical footprint on both
incoming Transport Streams starting on user-defined
PID (for instance PAT)

Synchronization ± 500 ms
window

Limitations Check configuration with the associated time delay


document, available on the CD-ROM
IP delay compensation is not possible for sessions with
a variable number of packets per datagram

Switches Association

Table A-15. Switches associations specifications

Capability 2 to 4 ASI switches


2 to 8 IP switches
1 switch can only be part of 1 association

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Appendix A ’Technical Specifications’ — General Device Specifications

General Device Specifications

Performances

Table A-16. Amethyst III Performances

Parameters Values

TS throughput For TS over ASI


For TS over IP

Max bitrate received and transmitted 700 Mbps


per Gigabit Ethernet interface

Max bitrate received and associated 1.4 Gbps


with TS over IP inputs

Max monitored Table bitrate per 10 Mbps


platform

Transport Stream Data Rate per ASI Min: 100 kbps


port
Max: 200 Mbps

Bitrate per SMPTE 310M port 19.4 Mbps

Latency (from ASI In to ASI Out) When delay compensation is not enabled,
latency time depends on the bit rate:
 684 μs for 3 Mbps
 375 μs for 5 Mbps
 206 μs for 10 Mbps
 83 μs for 25 Mbps
 55 μs for 38 Mbps
 42 μs for 50 Mbps

IP latency Out of Delay compensation and FEC activation: 


< 1 ms
When FEC error correction is activated, the
reordering and recovery mechanism requires a
buffer of 210 RTP packets. It introduces a latency
that depends on the bit rate.
When delay compensation is activated, the
latency depends on the configuration. It is
indicated on the graph in the Switches
supervision tab in the GUI.

T2-MI Latency (from ASI In to ASI 32 ms


Out)

T2-MI Latency (from IP In to IP Out) 37 ms

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Input/Output Limitations

Table A-17. ASI platform limitations

Limitation Value

Max number of switches Maximum number allowed by license

Max number of inputs No limitation, equal to the number of inputs


available

Max number of outputs Limited by the number of available physical


outputs:
 4 if AMETH3-HW-ASI-4-1ST
 8 if AMETH3-HW-ASI-4-1ST +
AMETH3-HW-ASI-4-2ND

Max number of outputs linked to one No limitation, equal to the number of outputs
input

Max number of outputs linked to one No limitation, equal to the number of outputs
switch

Max number of monitored output All the outputs not explicitly configured are
considered as monitored outputs

Table A-18. IP platform limitations

Limitation Value

Max number of switches Maximum number allowed by license

Max number of inputs Twice the number of switches allowed by license

Max number of outputs Twice the number of inputs present in the


configuration

Max number of outputs linked to one 2


input

Max number of outputs linked to one 4


switch

Max number of monitored output = Max number of outputs - Number of outputs


present in the configuration

Max number of forwarding rules 64

Max number of TS over IP sessions 512


displayed in Discovery

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Other Limitations

Table A-19. Amethyst III other limitations

Limitation Value

Maximum number of current alarms 500

Maximum number of closed alarms 100

Maximum number of associations 2 switch associations of up to 8 switches

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Appendix A ’Technical Specifications’ — General Device Specifications

Electrical Specifications

Power Supply
Amethyst III is equipped with dual power supplies and plugs.

Table A-20. Amethyst III AC Power Supply Specifications (per unit)

Standards Title

Mains voltage 100 VAC to 240 VAC.


Continuous range.

Mains type 50 - 60 Hz

Max. input current. 0.6A - 0.3A by PSU with 2 PSU in operation (normal
(in normal mode) mode).

Max. input current. 1.2A - 0.5A for a single PSU in operation (if one PSU is
(in default mode) faulty).

Inrush current < 14A cold start up @ 230V per unit, < 5ms

Network connection Type A device connected with a non-industrial CEI 60320


compliant plug.

Earthing arrangement TN/TT


For Norway and only for this country, this device can be
connected to an earthing arrangement of IT type for a
voltage of 230V between phases.

Isolation class I

Installation category II

Overcurrent protection Built-in protection, cannot be accessed or reset

Power Consumption
The Amethyst III maximum power is the following:

Table A-21. Amethyst III maximum power consumption

Item Watts

Maximum power consumption with one Power Supply unit 60

Maximum power consumption with two Power Supply units 80

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Mechanical Features
Amethyst III is a transportable platform intended for either rackmount or
bench/lab based applications.

Dimensions

Amethyst III Equipment


Amethyst III is a 1RU/19” equipment whose exact Height/Width/Depth
dimensions are:
 43 mm/445 mm/501.6 mm (+ 38.6 mm for front bezel)
 1.7”/17.5”/19.6” (+ 1.5” for front bezel)

Figure A-1. Amethyst III dimensions

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Shipping Cartoon
Shipping cartoon for Amethyst III has the following dimensions
(Height/Width/Depth):
 160 mm/564 mm/721 mm
 6.3’’/22.2’’/28.4’’

Weight
The weight of Amethyst III (full equipped) is 6.25 kg (13.75 lbs).

The weight of Amethyst III (full equipped) in its cartoon packing box
including accessories is 9.30 kg (20.46 lbs).

Ventilation
Table A-22. Amethyst III ventilation

Built-in ventilation
Description and Value
system

Ventilation Air circulated from left to right (as seen from front).

Ventilated air flow From 9 to 24 m3/h according to the temperature.

Required clearance At least 50 mm free air-space on each side of the


equipment is required.

Figure A-2. Cooling air flow

Air in Air out

The following precautions should be observed when mounting the


device in a standard 19” rack:
 Position the device on "low profile" L-profiles (height of 10 mm
reduced to 4 mm in the areas facing the air inlet and outlet) or
inversed L-profiles (only applicable if ventilation is provided by
the pressurized floor).
 Ensure the rack is well ventilated.

Reliability
The MTBF at 30°C of Amethyst III is 100000 hours.

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Appendix A ’Technical Specifications’ — Standard Compliance

Standard Compliance

Table A-23. Standard compliance

Standards Title

MPEG-2. ISO/IEC Information Technology - Generic Coding of Moving


13818-6 Pictures and Associated Audio. July 10, 1998

Specification for Program Information (SI) in DVB


ETSI EN 300 468 system. Dec., 2000. V1.4.1

Allocation of Service Information (SI) codes for DVB


ETSI TR 101 162 systems. Feb., 2001. V 1.2.1

Guidelines on implementation and usage of Service


ETSI TR 101 211 Information (SI). July 2000. V1.4.1

Implementation Guidelines for the use of MPEG-2


ETSI TR 101 154 Systems, Video and Audio in Satellite, Cable and
Terrestrial Broadcasting Applications. July 2000. V1.4.1

Measurement guidelines for DVB systems. May 2001.V


ETSI TR 101 290 1.2.1

DVB Blue Book A010 - Annex B, Asynchronous Serial


ETSI EN 50083-9 Interface

ATSC A/65B Program and System Information Protocol (PSIP) for


Terrestrial Broadcast and Cable. March 18, 2003. Rev A

ATSC A/69 Program and System Information Protocol (PSIP)


implementation guidelines for broadcasters. June 25,
2002

ETSI TS 102 773 V1.3.1 Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Modulator Interface
(T2-MI) for a second generation digital terrestrial
television broadcasting system (DVB-T2). January 2012

ETSI EN 302 755 V1.3.1 Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Frame structure
channel coding and modulation for a second generation
digital terrestrial television broadcasting system
(DVB-T2). April 2012

SMPTE 2022-1 Forward Error Correction for Real-Time Video/Audio


Transport Over IP Networks. May 2007

SMPTE 2022-2 Unidirectional Transport of Constant Bit Rate MPEG-2


Transport Streams on IP Networks. May 2007

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Appendix A ’Technical Specifications’ — Safety and Electromagnetic Compatibility

Safety and Electromagnetic Compatibility


Table A-24. Certifications Specifications

Category Standard Designed/tested for compliance with:

Safety 2006/95/EEC European Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/E replacing


73/23/EEC and 93/68/EEC.

IEC 60950 “Standard for Safety for Information Technology Equipment


- Safety - Part 1: General Requirements”, (IEC 60950-1, Second
Edition, 2005, Corrigendum: 01-2007).

EN60950 Safety of Information Technology Equipment, including


Electrical Business Equipment, (En 60950-1, Second Edition,
September 2006).

ANSI / UL60950 “Standard for Safety of Information Technology Equipment -


Safety - Part 1: General Requirements”, (ANSI/UL 60950-1,
Second Edition, Dated March 27, 2007). Certified.

CAN/CSA C22.2, “Standard for Safety of Information Technology Equipment -


No. 60950 Safety - Part 1: General Requirements”, (CAN/CSA-C22.2
No. 60950-1-07. Second Edition). Certified.

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Appendix A ’Technical Specifications’ — Safety and Electromagnetic Compatibility

Table A-24. Certifications Specifications

Category Standard Designed/tested for compliance with:

EMI 2004/108/EEC EMC European Directive 2004/108/EC replacing 89/336/EEC


and 93/68/EEC.

EN 55022 standard Electromagnetic compatibility (Europe). Information


technology equipment - Radio disturbance characteristics -
Limits and methods of measurement:
EN 61000-3-2: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 3-2:
Limits - Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment
input current up to and including 16 A per phase).
EN 61000-3-3: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 3-3:
Limits - Limitation of voltage changes, voltage fluctuations
and flicker in public low-voltage supply systems, for
equipment with rated current <= 16 A per phase and not
subject to conditional connection.

EN55024 standard Electromagnetic compatibility (Europe). Information


technology equipment - Immunity characteristics - Limits and
methods of measurement:
EN 61000-4-2: Electrostatic Discharge Immunity Test.
EN 61000-4-3: Radiated, Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic
Field Immunity Test.
EN 61000-4-4: Electrical Fast Transient/Burst Immunity Test.
EN 61000-4-5: Surge Immunity Test.
EN 61000-4-6: Immunity to Conducted Disturbances, Induced
Radio-Frequency Fields.
EN 61000-4-8: Power Frequency Magnetic Field Immunity
Test.
EN 61000-4-11: Voltage Dips, Short Interruptions and Voltage
Variations Immunity Tests.

US FCC CFR 47 Federal Communication Commission - part 15 (USA): Radio


part 15 Frequency devices.

AS/NZS 3548 C-Tick: Electromagnetic compatibility (Australia & New


Zealand).
Information technology equipment, modems, fax machines,
BPL modem.

ICES-003 Ed4 Digital Apparatus (Canada).

EMF Council Recommendation on the limitation of exposure of the


recommendation general public to electromagnetic fields.
1999/519/EC

EN 62311:2008 Assessment of electronics and electrical equipment related


to human exposure restrictions for electromagnetic fields.

CE labeling 93/68/EEC European Directive.


(22/07/93)

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Appendix A ’Technical Specifications’ — Environmental Specifications

Environmental Specifications
Table A-25. Environmental Specifications

Category Parameters Values

Environment ETS 300 019-1-3 Classification of environmental conditions;


testing Stationary use at weather protected locations:
 Environmental class 3.1 and 3.1E.
 Operation in temperature-controlled
locations.
 + 5°C to + 40°C.
 85% humidity compliant with the
climatogram featured in the standard.

ETS 300 019-1-2 Classification of environmental conditions;


Transportation:
 Environmental class 2.2: "Careful
transportation" for mechanical
conditions.
 - 25°C to + 70°C.
 95% humidity compliant with the
climatogram featured in the standard.
 Sinusoidal vibrations in packaging.
 Random vibrations in packaging.
 Shocks in packaging.
 Falls in packaging.
 Falls in packaging - Green Book Option.

ETS 300 019-1-1 Classification of environmental conditions;


Storage
 Environmental class 1.2.
 Storage in weather-protected, partly
temperature-controlled locations.
 - 25°C to + 70°C.
 95% humidity compliant with the
climatogram featured in the standard.
 Shocks during In-Use.

Altitude  Non-operating: 9140 m (30,000 ft.)


 Operating: 2000 m (6,666 ft.)

Pollution No. 2 pollution.


specifications

Protection CEI 60529: 1989 IP20 protection.


specifications

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Appendix A ’Technical Specifications’ — Ordering Guide

Ordering Guide

Base Products
Table A-26. Amethyst III base product references

Commercial Part
Description
reference number

AMETH3-1U-2AC-FULL NAMBFULLAA 1RU chassis with full front panel (Leds,


LCD, Keypad), dual power supply, GPI,
contact closure.

AMETH3-1U-2AC-LITE NAMBLITEAA 1RU chassis with light front panel


(Leds), dual power supply, GPI, contact
closure.

Interface Options
Table A-27. Amethyst III interface options references

Commercial Part
Description
reference number

AMETH3-HW-ASI-4-1ST NAMOASI1AA 4 x ASI input + 4 x ASI output, bypass,


required for single / dual / triple / quad
ASI switch.

AMETH3-HW-ASI-4-2ND NAMOASI2AA 4 x ASI input + 4 x ASI output, bypass,


required for triple / quad ASI switch.

AMETH3-HW-GIGE-4 NAMOGIG1AA 4 Gigabit Ethernet / RJ45 bidirectional


ports, bypass, required for TS over IP
switch.

AMETH3-HW-GIGE-4-FEC NAMOGIGFAA GigE interfaces board. 4 GigE/RJ45


ports supporting bypass. Required for
TS over IP switches with SMPTE2022
FEC correction on inputs or generation
on outputs. Manufacturing option.

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Appendix A ’Technical Specifications’ — Ordering Guide

Software Options
Table A-28. Amethyst III software options references

Commercial Part
Description
reference number

AMETH3-SW-DVB NAMSDVBXAA DVB software version (Web GUI, SNMP


agent).

AMETH3-SW-ATSC NAMSATSCAA ATSC software version (Web GUI,


SNMP agent).

AMETH3-SW-DVBT2 NAMT2MIAA DVB-T/T2 software version (T2-MI). Up


to four seamless switches supported
(Web GUI, SNMP agent)

Switching Licenses
One license is required per switching function (e.g. three licenses
required for triple ASI or TS over IP switch).

Table A-29. Amethyst III switching licenses references

Commercial Part
Description
reference number

AMETH3-LIC-SWITCH-STD NAMLSTDXAA 1 + 1 TS switching license, Standard


monitoring (TR101290 Priority 1).

AMETH3-LIC-SWITCH-ADV NAMLADVXAA 1 + 1 TS switching license, Advanced


monitoring (TR101290 Priority 1/2/3
and advanced tests).

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B Appendix
SNMP Management

Introduction

This chapter describes Amethyst III supervision via SNMP.

Content of this Chapter

’Overview’.....................................................................................page 222

’SNMP Access Rights and Community Strings’.....................page 223

’Traps Description’.......................................................................page 224

’Registering/Unregistering a Manager to Receive the Traps’page 227

’Getting the Active Alarm List or the Closed Alarm List’ ......page 228

’Getting a Configuration and Modifying It’ .............................page 230

’Getting the Identifier of an Element’ .......................................page 234

’Getting the Current Status of an Element’ .............................page 236

’Getting Input Snapshot and Statistics’ ...................................page 238

’Extracting Tables’ .......................................................................page 248

’Switching Between Inputs’ .......................................................page 250

’Selecting an Output Gigabit Ethernet Interface (IP only)’....page 251

’Getting the Switch State’...........................................................page 252

’Setting Monitoring Outputs’.....................................................page 255

’Monitoring Tests’........................................................................page 256

’Reactivating the FEC Correction or Generation’ ...................page 259

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Overview

Overview
Amethyst III can be monitored and configured via SNMP (v1 or v2). The
parameters may be consulted at any time. You may then configure the
equipment and check its status and lists of active and closed alarms.
Furthermore, SNMP TRAPs are used to send notification of alarms of the
equipment. On the CD-ROM provided with Amethyst III, you will find a
MIB file in the MIB directory. The MIB details how to configure and
monitor the equipment.

Figure B-1. Amethyst III MIB

The Amethyst III MIB is composed of a number of parts:


 Traps (see Section ’Traps Description’ on page 224 for more details).
 Objects:
 Description: containing all available equipment options (these
elements are also available in the Amethyst III About box)
 Supervision: containing the current status, the current alarm list
and the closed alarm list
 Configuration: allowing configuration via SNMP, including the
possibility to get and modify a configuration
 Commands: containing specific actions

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — SNMP Access Rights and Community Strings

 Agent Settings: containing the SNMP agent configuration (Trap


addressee, etc.)
 Equipment Settings: containing the equipment name and time
settings
 Conformance.

The MIB contains useful information in the description of each field.

The Amethyst III equipment can send notifications to SNMP managers


when the status of the equipment changes (each time an error appears or
disappears).

SNMP Access Rights and Community Strings


To set the community strings, use the Equipment Setup application
(see Section ’Using the Equipment Setup Application’ on page 51) or
the equipment’s front panel, if you have one (see Section ’Front Panel’
on page 26).

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Traps Description

Traps Description

TRAP: AmethystTraps.supTrapAlarm(100)
This trap is sent when an error occurs or disappears.

Table B-1. Description of the alarm TRAP: AmethystTraps.supTrapAlarm(100)

Parameter Type Description

supLastTrapIdAlarm Integer32 Counter that is incremented


each time a trap is sent.a

supAlrId Unsigned32 Alarm identifier. It is a unique ID


that is shared by the opening or
closure trap of an alarm.

supAlrCode Integer32 Code of the alarm. This code is


used to get the description of
the alarm.

supAlrElementId Integer32 Source of the alarm (e.g.: input,


switch...). See also Section
’Getting the Identifier of an
Element’ on page 234.

supAlrSeverity INTEGER Alarm severity:


 0 = information
 1 = warning
 2 = minor
 3 = major
 4 = critical

supAlrDateBeginSec Integer32 UTC time of the alarm


beginning in seconds from
1/1/1970.

supAlrDateBeginMic Integer32 UTC time of the alarm


beginning (microseconds part).

supAlrDateEndSec Integer32 UTC time of the alarm ending in


seconds from 1/1/1970b

supAlrDateEndMic Integer32 UTC time of the alarm ending


(microseconds part)c

supAlrNbParam Integer32 Number of alarm parameters.

supAlrParam1 OCTET STRING Parameter 1

supAlrParam2 OCTET STRING Parameter 2

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Traps Description

Table B-1. Description of the alarm TRAP: AmethystTraps.supTrapAlarm(100)

supAlrParam3 OCTET STRING Parameter 3

supAlrParam4 OCTET STRING Parameter 4

supAlrParam5 OCTET STRING Parameter 5

supAlrParam6 OCTET STRING Parameter 6

supAlrParam7 OCTET STRING Parameter 7

supAlrParam8 OCTET STRING Parameter 8

supAlrParam9 OCTET STRING Parameter 9

supAlrParam10 OCTET STRING Parameter 10

supAlrText OCTET STRING Text contained in the alarm.

supAlrElementIdDesc OCTET STRING Text corresponding to the


supArlElementId element
code.
a
Thanks to this counter, you can track the loss of alarms. In the MIB, look at the
supLastTrapIdAlarm field. If there is a gap between this value and the
supLastTrapIdAlarm value received in the last trap, you can deduce that a trap has been
lost. For example, if the supLastTrapIdAlarm contained in the last trap you received is
equal to 3 and the supLastTrapIdAlarm you get from the MIB is equal to 4, you can
deduce the trap number 4 has been lost.
b
The supAlrDateEndSec value is equal to zero if the alarm appears.
c The
supAlrDateEndMic value is equal to zero if the alarm appears.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Reading the Commands in this Appendix

Reading the Commands in this Appendix


Commands are described using the EMANATE commands syntax:
[SET|GET|WALK|...] OID [integer|string|...] value

 The OID value has been partially replaced by the OID name in order to
be more understandable.
 Some parameters may be added in OIDs in order to reference
element/index in a table, for instance:
in agtStgTrDstEvalRowStatus.178.3.2.10
178.3.2.10 references the IP address of the trap receiver
 If the value is a string containing an XML command, depending on the
tool used to perform the SNMP request, it may be necessary to
indicate the specific characters in the string. For instance:
<EXTRACT_SUBTABLE_REQ Command="get"/>
may have to be written
<EXTRACT_SUBTABLE_REQ Command=\"get\"/>

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Registering/Unregistering a Manager to Receive the

Registering/Unregistering a Manager to Receive


the Traps
Figure B-2. MIB trap addressee table

To register or unregister a trap receiver, use the agtStgTrDstTable table


lines as follows.

For example:
 To add 178.3.2.10 as an snmpV2 trap receiver:
SET agtStgTrDstEvalRowStatus.178.3.2.10 integer 4 (Create
and go)
SET agtStgTrDstSnmpVersion.178.3.2.10 integer 2 (snmp v2)
 To add 178.3.2.20 as an snmpV1 trap receiver:
SET agtStgTrDstEvalRowStatus.178.3.2.20 integer 4 (Create
and go)
SET agtStgTrDstSnmpVersion.178.3.2.20 integer 1 (snmp v1)
 To remove the178.3.2.10 IP address from the trap receivers list:
SET agtStgTrDstEvalRowStatus.178.3.2.10 integer 6 (destroy)
 To retrieve the trap receivers list:
WALK agtStgTrDstEvalRowStatus

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting the Active Alarm List or the Closed Alarm

Getting the Active Alarm List or the Closed Alarm List


Figure B-3. MIB active alarms list and closed alarms list

Counter incremented
each time a trap is sent

Active alarms
table

Closed alarms
table

To retrieve the active alarm list or the closed alarm list, walk either the
supActiveAlarmTable or the supClosedAlTable:
 To retrieve the active alarm list:

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting the Active Alarm List or the Closed Alarm

WALK supActiveAlarmTable
 To retrieve the closed alarm list:
WALK supAlrTable
 Each time a change occurs, the supAlarmTimeStamp variable is
updated. To find out if there has been a change in the alarm list (active
or closed):
GET supAlarmTimeStamp.0
If the result value is not the same as the previous one, a change has
occurred.
 To retrieve the maximum error level of the equipment:
GET supAlarmLevel.0
The result value can be: info(0), warning(1), minor (2),
major(3) or critical(4).
The result reflects the worst level of severity found within all active
alarms.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting a Configuration and Modifying It

Getting a Configuration and Modifying It


With SNMP, it is possible to save an Amethyst III configuration and get
this configuration in order to apply it to another equipment or to modify
it and reapply it to the Amethyst III equipment.

Getting a Configuration
1. In the configuration folder, walk the confVersTable to find the ID
corresponding to the name of the configuration you want to get:
WALK confVersTable
2. Enter the following command:
SET confParConfId.0 integer x
x being the ID of the configuration you want to get. This command
indicates that you are working with the x configuration.
3. Enter the following command:
SET confCommand.0 integer 3
3 being the value corresponding to the action of getting one
configuration.
4. The result is available in the confXmlContBufferTable.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting a Configuration and Modifying It

Figure B-4. Getting a configuration and modifying it

1. Browse the
table to find the
configuration ID.

3. Get the
configuration.
2. Set the
configuration ID.

7. Check the
response status.

4. Result.

5. Change the
configuration.

6. Reapply the
configuration to
the equipment.

Modifying and Reapplying the Configuration


to the Same Equipment
5. If you want to modify the configuration, browse the
confXmlContBufferTable table and make your changes in the XML
buffer in the confXmlContBufferValue leaf.
6. To reapply the configuration to the Amethyst III equipment, enter the
following command:
SET confCommand.0 integer 7

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting a Configuration and Modifying It

7 being the value corresponding to the action of changing the


configuration content.
7. Check the response status in the ConfRespStatus leaf.

Applying a Configuration from Equipment A


to Equipment B
To get a configuration from one Amethyst III equipment and copy it to
another Amethyst III equipment, proceed as follows:
1. Follow the steps described in Section ’Getting a Configuration’ on
page 230 above.
2. In the confXMLContBufferValue leaf, copy the content of the
configuration you got earlier.
3. In the ConfParName leaf, set a name for the configuration.
4. In the ConfCommand leaf, enter the following command:
SendNewConfiguration (4)
5. Check the response status in the ConfRespStatus leaf.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting a Configuration and Modifying It

Figure B-5. Copying a configuration from an equipment to another

3. Send the
command.

2. Set a name for


the configuration.

7. Check the
response status.

1. Copy the
content of a
configuration.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting the Identifier of an Element

Getting the Identifier of an Element


For various operations such as getting an element’s status or switching
between inputs, it is necessary to know the identifier of the elements.

These identifiers are static.

To do so, proceed as follows:


1. Open the descrEltElementsEntry table.

Figure B-6. Viewing the Description Elements table

2. Browse the table to find the identifier (instance) of the element for
which you want to know the status.

Figure B-7. Description Elements table

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting the Identifier of an Element

Table B-2 lists the range of IDs of the elements contained in the
Description Elements table.

Table B-2. Ranges of IDs of the Description Elements Table

Type of element Range of IDs

System 1

Application 2

ASI switches 21 -> 24

ASI inputs 31 -> 38

ASI outputs 41 -> 48

Switches associations 51 -> 82

IP switches 9001 -> 9008

TS over IP inputs 5001 -> 5016

TS over IP outputs 400001 -> 400016

Ethernet 11001 -> 11004

Relays 600701 -> 600704

GPI inputs 8301 -> 8306

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting the Current Status of an Element

Getting the Current Status of an Element


The status of each element of the configuration is available individually
in the MIB, and is updated in real time.

To get the status of an element, proceed as follows:


1. Open the supStatElementEntry table.

Figure B-8. Viewing the status of elements

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting the Current Status of an Element

2. Look for the identifier of the element you are interested in and read the
corresponding status.

Figure B-9. Status Elements table

Each variable can take one of these values:


 notAvailable(0)
 notConfigured(1)
 ok(2)
 warning(3)
 minor(4)
 major(5)
 critical(6)

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting Input Snapshot and Statistics

Getting Input Snapshot and Statistics

Input Snapshot: MIB Structure


Figure B-10. MIB: Input snapshot detail

Description of the Transport Stream


Description of the service
Description of the tables
Description of the Delivery System
Information Table

The SNMP MIB includes the following elements:


 supPhoIOTSBitRateTable: This table contains the bit rates
measurement for input transport streams.
 supPhoIOServiceBitRateTable: This table contains the bit rates
measurement for input services.
 supPhoIOPIDBitRateTable: This table contains the bit rates
measurement for input PIDs.
 supPhoIOTSTable: This table contains the structure of the input
transport streams.
 supPhoIOServiceTable: This table contains the structure of the
input services.
 supPhoIOPIDTable: This table contains the structure of the input
components.
 supPhoIONITDeliverySystemTable: This table contains the
delivery system information of the input transport streams.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting Input Snapshot and Statistics

Input Statistics: Bitrate Measurement


Bit rates are computed as follows:
 The snapshot bit rate is the bit rate computed with a period of 500
ms.
 The average bit rate is the average of 10 snapshot bit rates. It is
computed every 5 seconds.
 The minimum bit rate is the smallest bit rate of 10 snapshot bit rates.
It is computed every 5 seconds.
 The maximum bit rate is the largest bit rate of 10 snapshot bit rates.
It is computed every 5 seconds.

In the following example, there are 3 average bit rates, 3 minimum bit
rates and 3 maximum bit rates according to 30 snapshot bit rates.

Figure B-11. Input statistics: bit rate measurement

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting Input Snapshot and Statistics

Figure B-12. MIB: Input statistics detail

time of
latest
update

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting Input Snapshot and Statistics

Dynamics of the System

Bit Rates Measurement


The following bit rates measurement tables are updated every 5 seconds:
 supPhoIOTSBitRateTable,
 supPhoIOServiceBitRateTable,
 supPhoIOPIDBitRateTable.

The supPhoIOTSBitRateTable table contains for each input in the


supPhoIOTSBitRateUpdateStamp field the time of the latest updates
for each input.

Algorithm to get the bit rate measurements is as follows:

1. Read and store (t1) the time of the last update. The date is stored in the
supPhoIOTSBitRateUpdateStamp field present in the supPhoIOTSBitRateTable (t1).

2. Read and store again (t2) the time of the last update.

3. If t1 is equal to t2:

- the reading is good (no update occurred during the reading step),

- send the measurements to the task in charge to handle them,

- wait 5 seconds.

else:

- the reading is false (an update occurred during the reading step),

- discard the measurements,

- wait 1 second.

4. Go to step 1.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting Input Snapshot and Statistics

Transport Stream Structure


The transport stream structure tables are updated after an update in the
transport stream structure and never more than once every 5 seconds:
 supPhoIOTSTable
 supPhoIOServiceTable
 supPhoIOPIDTable
 supPhoIONITDeliverySystemTable

Algorithm to get transport stream structures is as follows:

1. Wait for the notification of a transport stream structure change (SNMP trap).

2. Read and store the time of the last update (t1).

3. Read the content of the 4 following tables:

- supPhoIOTSTable

- supPhoIOServiceTable

- supPhoIOPIDTable

- supPhoIONITDeliverySystemTable

4. Read and store again the time of the last update (t2).

5. If t1 is equal to t2:

- The reading is good (no update during the reading step)

- Send the measurements to the task in charge to handle them

else:

- The reading is false (an update occurred during the reading step)

- Discard the measurements

6. Go to step 1.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting Input Snapshot and Statistics

MIB Description

supPhoIOTSBitRateTable

supPhoIOTSBitRateSourceIndex source index (element ID)

supPhoIOTSBitRateUsefulRate useful average bit rate of the transport stream

supPhoIOTSBitRateStuffingRate stuffing average bit rate of the transport


stream

supPhoIOTSBitRateTotalRate transmission average bit rate of the transport


stream

supPhoIOTSBitRateUsefulRateMin useful minimum bit rate of the transport


stream

supPhoIOTSBitRateUsefulRateMax useful maximum bit rate of the transport


stream

supPhoIOTSBitRateStuffingRateMin stuffing minimum bit rate of the transport


stream

supPhoIOTSBitRateStuffingRateMax stuffing maximum bit rate of the transport


stream

supPhoIOTSBitRateNbServices number of services in the transport stream

supPhoIOTSBitRateNbPID number of PIDs in the transport stream

supPhoIOTSBitRateUpdateStamp time of the last update for tables


 supPhoIOTSBitRateTable
 supPhoIOServiceBitRateTable
 supPhoIOPIDBitRateTable (number of
seconds for January 1, 1970)

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting Input Snapshot and Statistics

supPhoIOServiceBitRateTable

supPhoIOServRateSourceIndex source index (element ID)

supPhoIOServRateServiceIndex service index (service id)

supPhoIOServRateServiceScrambled 0 if the service is clear during the 5 seconds


period
else
1 if the service is scrambled

A service is scrambled if one of its component is scrambled according to the TSC flag.
supPhoIOServRateServiceRate average bit rate of the service

supPhoIOServRateServiceRateMin minimum bit rate of the service

supPhoIOServRateServiceRateMax maximum bit rate of the service

supPhoIOPIDBitRateTable

supPhoIOPIDRateSourceIndex source index (element ID)

supPhoIOPIDRatePIDIndex PID index (PID)

supPhoIOPIDRatePIDScrambled 0 if the PID is clear during the 5 seconds period


else
1 if the PID is scrambled

A PID is scrambled according to the TSC flag.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting Input Snapshot and Statistics

supPhoIOPIDRatePIDRate average bit rate of the PID

supPhoIOPIDRatePIDRateMin minimum bit rate of the PID

supPhoIOPIDRatePIDRateMax maximum bit rate of the PID

supPhoIOTSTable

supPhoIOTSSourceIndex source index (element ID)

supPhoIOTSTransportStreamID transport stream ID

supPhoIOTSOriginalNetworkID original network ID

supPhoIOTSNetworkID network ID

supPhoIOTSNetworkName network name

supPhoIOTSUpdateStamp time of the last update for tables


supPhoIOTSTable, supPhoIOServiceTable,
supPhoIOPIDTable,
supPhoIONITDeliverySystemTable
(number of seconds for January 1, 1970)

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting Input Snapshot and Statistics

supPhoIOServiceTable

supPhoIOServSourceIndex source index (element ID)

supPhoIOServServiceIndex service index (service id)

supPhoIOServServicePMTPID PMT PID

supPhoIOServServicePCRPID PCR PID

supPhoIOServServicePMTDescriptor dump of the descriptors of the PMT at


program_info level

supPhoIOServServicePresentInSDT 1 if the service is defined in the SDT, else 0

supPhoIOServServiceType service type according to the service_type field


in the SDT

supPhoIOServServiceName service name

supPhoIOServServiceProviderName provider name

supPhoIOServServiceConditionalAccess value of the free_CA_mode field in the SDT

supPhoIOServServiceEITpf value of the EIT_present_following_flag field in


the SDT

supPhoIOServServiceEITschedule value of the EIT_schedule_flag field in the SDT

supPhoIOServServiceRunning value of the running_status field in the SDT

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting Input Snapshot and Statistics

supPhoIOPIDTable

supPhoIOPIDSourceIndex source index (element ID)

supPhoIOPIDServiceIndex service index (service id)

supPhoIOPIDPIDIndex PID index (PID)

supPhoIOPIDPIDType PID type according to the stream_type in the


PMT

supPhoIOPIDPIDPMTDescriptor dump of the descriptors of the PMT at


component level

supPhoIONITDeliverySystemTable

supPhoIONITDSSourceIndex source index (element ID)

supPhoIONITDSNITDeliverySystemescriptor dump of the descriptor " delivery system "


of the NIT

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Extracting Tables

Extracting Tables
Figure B-13. MIB: XML command for table extraction

The table extraction process requires two main steps:


 Requesting the table extraction,
 Getting the table.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Extracting Tables

Proceed as follows:
1. Enter the following commands to request the table extraction,
adapting the values to the table you wish to extract:

SET commXmlParCommandType.0 (integer) 4

SET commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 (octet string)


<EXTRACT_SUBTABLE_REQ Command="extract" NbTidExt="1"
Pid="43" SourceId="32" Standard="dvb" Tid="2" TidExt1="10"
TidExt2="0" TidExt3="0" />
SourceId: Input element identifier
Tid: Table identifier
Pid: Packet identifier
NbTidExt: Number of table extension depending of the table
type.
TidExt[1-3]: table identifier extension values. Depending of the
NbTidExt entered the value shall be set to the table id extension
or set to 0.
2. Walk the table to see the response. You should obtain a string like the
following:

commXmlRespContBufferValue.0.0 (octet string) <?xml


version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
<EXTRACT_SUBTABLE_RSP Status="0"
CommandRef="extract"></EXTRACT_SUBTABLE_RSP>
3. Enter the following command to get the table:

SET commXmlParCommandType.0 (integer) 4

SET commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 (octet string)


<EXTRACT_SUBTABLE_REQ Command="get"/>
4. Walk the table to see the response. You should obtain a string like the
following:

commXmlRespContBufferValue.0.0 (octet string) <?xml


version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"
standalone="no"?><EXTRACT_SUBTABLE_RSP Status="0"
Buffer="02b012000acd0000fffff00005e02df00018ade73a"
CommandRef="get"></EXTRACT_SUBTABLE_RSP>

the buffer value being the content of the table you extracted.

The table may not be available immediately after the table extraction
request, depending on its periodicity. You may need to wait a few
moments before being able to get the table.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Switching Between Inputs

Switching Between Inputs


Before performing the switch operation, you need to know the identifiers
of the switch and the inputs on which you wish to act. Refer to the section
’Getting the Identifier of an Element’ for more information.

To switch between inputs, proceed as follows:


1. In the commXmlParCommandType.0 leaf, send the following
command:

SET commXmlParCommandType.0 (integer) 6


2. In the commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 leaf, write the string
corresponding to the command:

SET commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 (octet string)


"<SwitchCommandRequest InputId="32" SwitchId="21"/>"

where SwitchId must contain the switch identifier and InputId must
contain the identifier of the input that you want to be active.
3. Walk the commXmlRespContBufferTable table to view the result:

WALK commXmlRespContBufferTable

In the commXmlRespContBufferValue.0.0 field, if the command was


successful, you should obtain a string like the following:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>

<SwitchCommandResponse Status="OK">

</SwitchCommandResponse>

If an error occurred, the string is:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>

<SwitchCommandResponse Error="[Error]">

</SwitchCommandResponse>

where [Error] can be:


 BAD_INPUT: the identifier is incorrect.
 ALREADY_MAIN: the input is already active.
 INPUT_ERROR_LEVEL: the input you want to switch as main is in error
state. In this case, the switching request is rejected.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Selecting an Output Gigabit Ethernet Interface (IP

Selecting an Output Gigabit Ethernet Interface (IP only)


Before performing the switch operation, you need to know the identifiers
of the outputs on which you wish to act. Refer to the section ’Getting the
Identifier of an Element’ for more information.

To switch between output interfaces, proceed as follows:


1. In the commXmlParCommandType.0 leaf, send the following
command:

SET commXmlParCommandType.0 (integer) 18


2. In the commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 leaf, write the string
corresponding to the command:

SET commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 (octet string)


"<OutputInterfaceRequest EthernetId=”11001”
OutputId=”400001”/>"

where OutputId must contain the output identifier and EthernetId must
contain the identifier of the interface that you want to be active.
3. Walk the commXmlRespContBufferTable table to view the result:

WALK commXmlRespContBufferTable

In the commXmlRespContBufferValue.0.0 field, if the command was


successful, you should obtain a string like the following:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>

<OutputInterfaceResponse Status="OK">

</OutputInterfaceResponse>

If an error occurred, the string is:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>

<OutputInterfaceResponse Error="[Error]">

</OutputInterfaceResponse>

where [Error] can be:


 INTERFACE_ERROR: the interface you want to switch is link down. In
this case, the switching request is rejected.
 ALREADY_ACTIVE: the interface is already active.
 BAD_INTERFACE: the identifier is incorrect.
 BAD_OUTPUT: the identifier is incorrect.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting the Switch State

Getting the Switch State


Figure B-14. MIB: XML command for getting the switch state

Checking If the Switch State Has Been Updated


To know if the SwitchState has been updated, proceed as follows:
1. In the commXmlParCommandType.0 leaf, send the following
command:
SET commXmlParCommandType.0 (integer) 19
2. In the commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 leaf, write the string
SET commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 (octet string)
"<UpdateSwitchStates/>"
3. Walk the table to see the response. The walk will reply only after the
next Switch State update has been performed.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
<UpdateSwitchStatesResponse Status="OK">
</UpdateSwitchStatesResponse>

Getting the Switch State


To get the state of the switches, proceed as follows:
1. In the commXmlParCommandType.0 leaf, send the following command:
SET commXmlParCommandType.0 (integer) 7

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting the Switch State

2. In the commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 leaf, write the string


corresponding to the command:
SET commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 (octet string)
"<GetSwitchStates/>"

Walk the table to see the response. You should get a string like the
following:
***** SNMP QUERY STARTED *****
1: commXmlRespContBufferId.0.0 (gauge) 0
2: commXmlRespContBufferIndex.0.0 (gauge) 0
3: commXmlRespContCommandType.0.0 (integer) 7
4: commXmlRespContBufferValue.0.0 (octet string)
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
<SwitchesStates>
<InputsList>
<Input Id="5001" Name="input 1" ElementIdName="TS 
overIP Input 1" Status="OK"/>
<Input Id="5002" Name="input 2" ElementIdName="TS 
over IP Input 2" Status="OK"/>
<Input Id="5003" Name="input 3" ElementIdName="TS 
over IP Input 3" Status="OK"/>
<Input Id="5004" Name="input 4" ElementIdName="TS 
over IP Input 4" Status="CRITICAL"/>
</InputsList>
<SwitchesList>
<Switch Id="9001" Name="switch 1" ElementIdName="IP 
Switch 1" Status="OK" Strategy="redundancy">
<InputRef IdRef="5001"/>
<ActiveInputRef IdRef="5002"/>
</Switch>
<Switch Id="9002" Name="switch 2" ElementIdName="IP 
Switch 2" Status="WARNING" Strategy="redundancy">
<ActiveInputRef IdRef="5003"/>
<InputRef IdRef="5004"/>
</Switch>
</SwitchesList>
<SwitchesAssociationsList/>
<OutputsList>
<Output Id="400001" IdRef="9001" Name="output 1" 
ElementIdName="TS over IP Output 1" IsInverse="false"
IsMonitoring="false" Status="OK">
<ActiveEthernetRef IdRef="11002" IsMain="true"/>
</Output>
<Output Id="400002" IdRef="9002" Name="output 2" 
ElementIdName="TS over IP Output 2" IsInverse="false" 
IsMonitoring="false" Status="OK">
<ActiveEthernetRef IdRef="11002" IsMain="true"/>
</Output>
<Output Id="400003" IdRef="9001" Name="output 3" 
ElementIdName="TS over IP Output 3" IsInverse="false" 
IsMonitoring="false" Status="OK">

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Getting the Switch State

<ActiveEthernetRef IdRef="11002" 
IsMain="false"/>
<EthernetRef IdRef="11004" IsMain="true"/>
</Output>
</OutputsList>
<EthernetInterfacesList>
<Ethernet Id="11001" Name="interface 1"
ElementIdName="Ethernet 1" Status="OK"/>
<Ethernet Id="11002" Name="interface 2" 
ElementIdName="Ethernet 2" Status="OK"/>
<Ethernet Id="11003" ElementIdName="Ethernet 3" 
Status="CRITICAL"/>
<Ethernet Id="11004" ElementIdName="Ethernet 4" 
Status="OK"/>
</EthernetInterfacesList>
</SwitchesStates>
***** SNMP QUERY FINISHED *****

To be sure to get the state of the switches after performing an SNMP


operation (manual switch, change config...), proceed as follows:
1. In the commXmlParCommandType.0 leaf, send the following command:
SET commXmlParCommandType.0 (integer) 20
2. In the commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 leaf, write the string
corresponding to the command:
SET commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 (octet string) 
"<GetNextSwitchStates RequestId="23"/>"

The request id is a management system identifier that will be returned in


the switch state response and will certify that the status returned has
been updated at least once after the reception of the request.

Walk the table to see the response. After the following update, you
should get a string like the following at the end of the switch status
response:
<RequestIdList>
<RequestId RequestId="22"/>
<RequestId RequestId="23"/>
</RequestIdList>

This way, you can be sure that the returned switch status was computed
after the request you sent.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Setting Monitoring Outputs

Setting Monitoring Outputs


Outputs that are not configured in the main configuration are considered
as monitoring outputs and you can define what content should be sent
to them.

To set the behavior of a monitoring output, send commands in which:


OutputID contains the identifier of the output that you want to set.
ElementId contains the identifier of the switch.
IsInverse specifies what the output content should be.

Example 1: ASI output 2 is set to broadcast the same content as ASI


switch 1.

SET commXmlParCommandType.0 (integer) 12

SET commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 (octet string)


<MonitoringCommandRequest ElementId="21" IsInverse="false"
OutputId="42"/>

Example 2: TS over IP input 3 is redirected to TS over IP output 6, without


going by a switch.

SET commXmlParCommandType.0 (integer) 12

SET commXmlParCommandBufferValue.0 (octet string)


<MonitoringCommandRequest ElementId="5003"
IsInverse="false" OutputId="400006"/>

There is no response to this command.

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User Manual
Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Monitoring Tests

Monitoring Tests
Tests that are carried out by Amethyst III can be monitored at three levels.
For each input, you can get:
 The general changes counter
 The tests counter
 The tests current status

Figure B-15. Tests

Changes counter
Tests status
Tests counter

Simply expand the items and open the tables to view the corresponding
content.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Monitoring Tests

The changes counter is incremented for each input each time an error
occurs on a test. You can thus easily monitor the inputs and see which
ones changed.

Figure B-16. Changes counter

In the example above, 9 errors are detected on ASI input 1 (ID = 31).

The Tests counter tables let you see, for each test and each input, the
number of errors that occurred. One table is available for each test level.

Figure B-17. Tests counter table

In the example above, on ASI input 1 (ID = 31), 1 error occurred on Level 1
Test 1.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Monitoring Tests

Finally, the Status tables provide you with the current status of each test
and for each input. One table is available for each test level.

Figure B-18. Tests status table

In the example above, on ASI input 3 (ID = 33), 3 warnings occurred on


Level 1 Test 1.3.a.1.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Reactivating the FEC Correction or Generation

Reactivating the FEC Correction or Generation


When FEC correction or generation is deactivated (see Section ’In which
cases is FEC deactivated?’ on page 193), you may reactivate it via
SNMP.

You first need to read the FEC status. To do so:


1. Open the comFecActivationCommand leaf.

Figure B-19. FEC reactivation via SNMP

2. Send the following command to get the FEC status:


GET comFecActivationCommand.0
3. Read the status: if the response is deactivate (0), you need to
reactivate the FEC. Send the following command:
SET comFecActivationCommand.0 (integer) 1

It is only possible to reactivate FEC correction or generation, it is not


possible to deactivate FEC via SNMP.

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Appendix B ’SNMP Management’ — Reactivating the FEC Correction or Generation

BLANK PAGE

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CAppendix
Safety Instructions

ENGLISH

Read and follow the important safety information in section Section


’Safety Summary (English)’ on page 262, noting especially those
instructions related to risk of fire, electric shock or injury to persons.
Additional specific warnings not listed there may be found throughout
the manual.

To reduce the risk of electric shock, never remove the


cover of the equipment.
If you remove the cover of the equipment, the warranty
ceases to apply.

GERMAN

Lesen und befolgen Sie die nachstehenden, wichtigen


Sicherheitshinweise (Section ’Sicherheit - Überblick (Deutsch)’ on
page 266). Beachten Sie insbesondere die Anweisungen bezüglich
Brand-, Stromschlag- und Verletzungsgefahr. Das Handbuch enthält
weitere, hier nicht angeführte spezifische Warnhinweise.

Um die Stromschlaggefahr zu verringern, die


Geräteabdeckung niemals entfernen. Andernfalls
erlischt die Garantie.

FRENCH

Il est recommandé de lire, de bien comprendre et surtout de respecter les


informations relatives à la sécurité qui sont exposées au paragraphe
Section ’Consignes de sécurité (Français)’, page 270 notamment les
consignes destinées à prévenir les risques d’incendie, les décharges
électriques et les blessures aux personnes. Les avertissements
complémentaires, qui ne sont pas nécessairement repris dans le
paragraphe sus-cité, mais présents dans tous les paragraphes du
manuel, sont également à prendre en considération.

Pour prévenir les risques de décharges électriques,


n’enlevez jamais le capot de l’équipement.
Si le capot de l’équipement est enlevé, la garantie
cesse de s’appliquer.

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Safety Terms and Symbols

Safety Summary (English)

Safety Terms and Symbols

Terms on the Product


The following terms may appear on the product:

DANGER — A personal injury hazard is immediately accessible as you


read the marking.

CAUTION — A hazard to property, product, and other equipment is


present.

Symbols on the Product


The following symbols may appear on the product:

Indicates that dangerous high voltage is present within the


equipment enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to
constitute a risk of electric shock.
Indicates that user, operator or service technician should refer to
product manual(s) for important operating, maintenance, or service
instructions.
This is a prompt to note fuse rating when replacing fuse(s). The fuse
referenced in the text must be replaced with one having the ratings
indicated.
Identifies a protective grounding terminal which must be connected
to earth ground prior to making any other equipment connections.

Identifies an external protective grounding terminal which may be


connected to earth ground as a supplement to an internal
grounding terminal.
Indicates that static sensitive components are present which may
be damaged by electrostatic discharge. Use anti-static procedures,
equipment and surfaces during servicing.

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Danger

Danger

The following warning statements identify conditions


or practices that can result in personal injury or loss of
life.

Mains Power Safety Instructions


RELIABLE EARTHING — The product is designed for connection to an
earth-grounded AC outlet and must be correctly earthed through the
main outlet of cable. To avoid risk of electrical shock or equipment
damage, do not disconnect the grounding plug.

AC MAINS POWER CORD — AC mains cords are not shipped with


equipment. You must use mains cords as described in Section ’Power
Supply and Protective Ground’ on page 45. The mains power cords
should comply with the legislation in force in the country of installation.

MAINS POWER/CIRCUIT OVERLOADING — For each branch circuit, the


connection panel should feature overload and earth fault protection and
a bipolar cut-off device or a differential circuit breaker.

MAINS POWER/CONNECTION PANEL — The connection panel should


comply with the legislation in force in the country of installation.
Connection panel position in the rack must ensure that plugs and power
cords are within easy reach for switching off purposes.

OVERLOAD PROTECTION — Power supply unit has integrated overload


protection which cannot be accessed or reset. In the event of a
malfunction, please contact the Thomson Video Networks Customer
Services Department.

POWER DISCONNECTING — The equipment may or does feature more


than one power supply cords. To reduce the risk of electric shock,
disconnect all power supply cords before any intervention.

Rack Mount Safety Instructions


ELEVATED OPERATING AMBIENT — If installed in a closed or multi-unit
rack assembly, the operating air ambient temperature of the rack
environment may be greater than room ambient. Provide proper
ventilation as described in Section ’Mounting in Rack’ on page 42 to
keep the equipment in an environment compatible with the maximum
operating temperature specified by the manufacturer.

MECHANICAL LOADING — Mounting of the equipment in the rack


should be such that a hazardous condition is not achieved due to uneven
mechanical loading.

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Danger

CIRCUIT OVERLOADING — Considerations should be given to the


connection of the equipment to the supply circuit and the effect that
overloading of the circuits might have on overcurrent protection and
supply wiring.

RELIABLE EARTHING — Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment


should be maintained. Particular attention should be given to supply
connections other than direct connections to the branch circuit (e.g. use
of power strips).

L-PROFILES USE — The equipment must not be fixed with its rack
mounting ears only. If you intend to install it in a rack, L-profiles are
required and you must observe the ventilation and safety instructions
described in section Section ’Mounting in Rack’ on page 42.

HANDLING PRECAUTIONS — To avoid injury while installing the


equipment in a rack (or removing it from a rack), take all the necessary
precautions. Ask another person for help or use an adapted carry lift.

Operating Safety Instructions


DO NOT OPERATE IN EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERE — To avoid injury or
fire hazard, do not operate this equipment in an explosive environment
(atmosphere and materials).

DO NOT OPERATE IN WET/DAMP CONDITIONS — To avoid electric


shock, this equipment should only be operated in dry conditions.

REPLACEMENT OF RAM WITH BUILT-IN LITHIUM BATTERY — The


equipment includes non volatile RAM with built-in lithium batteries
which should never require replacing. If for any reason replacement does
prove necessary, please observe the following conditions:
 The operation must only be performed by qualified personnel;
 Only replace with the same or equivalent memory type.
 Ensure the memory is inserted the right way round;
 Please dispose of dead memories according to the manufacturer’s
instructions.

Danger of explosion if memory is incorrectly replaced.

The lithium battery in the product complies with IATA and 49CFR
regulations. It requires no special declaration, packaging or labeling.

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Cautions

Cautions

The following caution statements identify conditions or practices


that can result in damage to equipment or other property.

USE CORRECT POWER SOURCE — Do not operate this equipment from


a power source that applies more than the voltage specified for the
product.

PROVIDE PROPER VENTILATION — To prevent product overheating,


provide equipment ventilation in accordance with installation
instructions.

DO NOT OPERATE WITH SUSPECTED EQUIPMENT FAILURE — If you


suspect equipment damage or equipment failure, have the equipment
inspected by qualified service personnel.

ENSURE MAINS DISCONNECT — As mains switch is not provided, the


power cord(s) of this equipment provide the means of disconnection.
The socket outlet must be installed near the equipment and must be
easily accessible.

ROUTE CABLE PROPERLY — Route power cords and other cables so that
they are not likely to be damaged. Properly support heavy cable bundles
to avoid connector damage.

RETAIN ORIGINAL PACKAGING — If equipment is returned to the


Customer Service Department, the faulty equipment must be packed
where possible in its original packaging (protective corners and boxes).
If you no longer have the packaging, the faulty equipment must be
protected against shocks during transportation. The Customer Service
Department examines packaging on arrival and can refuse to carry out
repairs if the packaging has been visibly damaged during transportation
and this has led to further damage in addition to the fault originally
noted.
Transportation costs and risks for equipment returns are borne by the
customer. Equipment should only be returned with a Return Material
Authorization form.

WARRANTY COMPLIANCE — Observe the following rules:


 Only pluggable board replacement by a qualified personnel is
allowed. In all other cases replace the equipment by a spare one.
 Never remove the cover of the equipment.

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Sicherheit - Begriffe, Hinweise und Warnzeichen

Sicherheit - Überblick (Deutsch)

Sicherheit - Begriffe, Hinweise und Warnzeichen

Am Produkt angebrachte Hinweise


Folgende Hinweise können sich am Produkt befinden:

GEFAHR — Dieser Warnhinweis verweist auf eine unmittelbare


Verletzungsgefahr.

VORSICHT — Dieser Warnhinweis verweist auf ein bestehendes Risiko


für das Gerät, Produkt oder Betriebsmittel.

Am Produkt angebrachte Warnzeichen


Folgende Warnzeichen können sich am Produkt befinden:

Warnung vor einer gefährlichen elektrischen Spannung im


Gerätegehäuse, die stark genug sein kann, um eine
Stromschlaggefahr darzustellen.
Aufforderung an den Benutzer, Bediener oder Servicetechniker, die
in den Produkthandbüchern angeführten wichtigen Bedienungs-,
Wartungs- und Seviceanweisungen zur Kenntnis zu nehmen.
Aufforderung, beim Auswechseln von Sicherungen den
vorgeschriebenen Nennwert für die im Text angeführte Sicherung
einzuhalten.
Obligatorische Erdungsklemme zur ordnungsgemäßen Erdung,
bevor weitere Geräte angeschlossen werden können.

Zusätzliche, nicht obligatorische externe Erdungsklemme als


Ergänzung zur internen Erdungsklemme.

Statikempfindliche Bauteile, die durch elektrostatische Entladung


(ESD) beschädigt werden können, sind durch ESD-geeignete
Verfahren, Werkzeuge und antistatische Oberflächen während der
Wartung zu schützen.

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Gefahr

Gefahr
Folgende Warnungen verweisen auf Situationen und
Handlungen, die Verletzungs- oder Lebensgefahr zur
Folge haben können.

Sicherheitshinweise bezüglich des Stromnetzes


ORDNUNGSGEMÄßE ERDUNG — Das Gerät muss an einen geerdeten
AC-Ausgang angeschlossen und ordnungsgemäß über den
Hauptkabelausgang geerdet werden. Zum Vermeiden von
Stromschlaggefahr und Geräteschäden den Schutzkontaktstecker nicht
herausziehen.

AC NETZKABEL — Geräte werden ohne AC-Netzkabel geliefert.


Netzkabel sollten stets gemäß den Anweisungen im Abschnitt ’Power
Supply and Protective Ground’ on page 45 verwendet werden und den
anwendbaren Rechtsvorschriften im jeweiligen Installationsland
entsprechen.

ÜBERSPANNUNG DES STROMNETZES/STROMKREISES — Für jeden


Abzweigstromkreis ist an der Anschlussplatte ein Überspannungs- und
Erdschlussschutz sowie eine doppelpolige Abschaltung oder ein
Differentialschutzschalter vorzusehen.

STROMNETZ/ANSCHLUSSPLATTE — Die Anschlussplatte hat den


landesspezifischen Rechtsvorschriften zu genügen. Die Anschlussplatte
ist so im Rack zu montieren, dass alle Stecker und Netzkabel zum
Ausschalten leicht zugänglich sind.

ÜBERSPANNUNGSSCHUTZ — Das Netzanschlussgerät ist mit einem


nicht zugänglichen und nicht zurücksetzbaren Überspannungsschutz
ausgestattet. Für die Behebung eventueller Störungen ist der
Kundendienst von Thomson Video Networks zuständig.

TRENNUNG DER STROMVERSORGUNG— Einige Geräte verfügen ggf.


über mehrere Spannungsversorgungskabel. Zur Verringerung der
Stromschlaggefahr sind vor jedem Eingriff sämtliche Kabel
herauszuziehen.

Sicherheitshinweise bezüglich Rackgehäuse


BETRIEBSTEMPERATURUMGEBUNG — Bei geschlossenen Racks bzw.
Mehrfach-Racks kann die Umgebungstemperatur im Rack höher als die
Raumtemperatur sein. Durch eine ausreichende Belüftung gemäß
Abschnitt ’Mounting in Rack’ on page 42 ist dafür zu sorgen, dass die
vom Hersteller vorgeschriebene maximale Betriebstemperatur nicht
überschritten wird (Temperaturangaben siehe Abschnitt Technische
Daten des Benutzerhandbuchs).

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Gefahr

STROMKREIS-ÜBERLASTUNG — Beim Anschluss des Geräts an den


Stromkreis sind die eventuellen Auswirkungen einer
Stromkreis-Überlastung auf den Überstromschutz und die elektrischen
Leitungen zu berücksichtigen.

ORDNUNGSGEMÄßE ERDUNG — Rack-montierte Geräte sind


vorschriftsmäßig zu erden. Hierbei ist besonders auf Netzanschlüsse
ohne direkten Anschluss an den Abzweigstromkreis zu achten (z. B. bei
der Verwendung von Mehrfachsteckdosen).

VERWENDUNG VON L-PROFILEN — Zur ordnungsgemäßen Anbringung


des Geräts im Rack sind neben den Tragösen L-Profile zu verwenden.
Beim Einbau sind die im Abschnitt ’Mounting in Rack’ on page 42
angeführten Sicherheitshinweise und Belüftungsanweisungen zu
beachten.

SICHERHEITSMAßNAHMEN BEIM EIN-/AUSBAU — Zur Vermeidung von


Verletzungen beim Ein- und Ausbau des Geräts in das bzw. aus dem Rack
sind alle erforderlichen Vorsichtsmaßnahmen zu treffen. Es sollte eine
weitere Person um Hilfe gebeten oder eine entsprechende
Hubvorrichtung verwendet werden.

Sicherheitshinweise bezüglich des Betriebs


GERÄTEBETRIEB IN EXPLOSIONSGESCHÜTZTER UMGEBUNG — Zur
Vermeidung von Verletzungen und Brandgefahr darf das Gerät nicht in
explosionsgefährdeten Umgebungen betrieben werden (Atmosphäre
und Stoffe).

GERÄTEBETRIEB IN TROCKENER UMGEBUNG — Zur Vermeidung von


Stromschlaggefahr darf das Gerät nicht in feuchter oder dunstiger
Umgebung betrieben werden.

AUSWECHSELN DES RAM-SPEICHERS MIT EINGEBAUTER


LITHIUMBATTERIE — Einige Geräte besitzen einen nicht flüchtigen
RAM-Speicher mit Lithiumbatterie, der i. d. R. niemals ausgewechselt
werden muss. 
Sollte der RAM-Speicher dieses Geräts doch einmal ausgewechselt
werden müssen, sind folgende Anweisungen zu beachten:
 Der RAM-Speicher ist durch qualifiziertes Personal auszuwechseln;
 Denselben oder einen gleichwertigen RAM-Speicher verwenden;
 Auf die richtige Positionierung des neuen Speichers achten;
 Alte Speicher gemäß den Anweisungen des Herstellers entsorgen.
Bei nicht ordnungsgemäß installiertem Speicher
besteht Explosionsgefahr.

Das Produkt enthält eine Lithiumbatterie, die mit den IATA- und 49CFR
Gefahrgutvorschriften übereinstimmt und keine besondere Erklärung,
Verpackung und Beschriftung erfordert.

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Vorsichtshinweise

Vorsichtshinweise

Folgende Vorsichtshinweise verweisen auf Situationen und


Handlungen, die zu Schäden an den Geräten oder sonstigen
Betriebsmitteln führen können.

Angemessene Stromquelle verwenden — Das Gerät darf nicht an eine


Stromquelle angeschlossen werden, die eine höhere Spannung liefert,
als für das Produkt zulässig ist.

Gerät ausreichend belüften —


Um einer Überhitzung des Geräts
vorzubeugen, ist für eine angemessene Belüftung gemäß den
Anweisungen in Abschnitt Installation des Benutzerhandbuchs zu
sorgen.

Gerät nicht bei Störung betreiben — Wird ein Geräteschaden oder eine
Störung vermutet, ist das Gerät von qualifizierten Servicetechnikern zu
überprüfen.

Trennung vom Stromnetz sicherstellen — Verfügt das Gerät über keine(n)


Netzschalter, ist das Gerät durch Ziehen des/der Netzkabel vom
Stromnetz zu trennen. Die Steckdose(n) ist/sind leicht zugänglich in
unmittelbarer Nähe des Geräts anzubringen.

Kabel richtig verlegen — Netzkabel und sonstige Kabel sind so zu verlegen,


dass sie nicht beschädigt werden können. Schwere Kabelbündel sind
ordnungsgemäß abzustützen, um Schäden an den Steckverbindungen
vorzubeugen.

Originalverpackung aufbewahren — Ist das Gerät beschädigt und an den


Kundendienst zurückzuschicken, sollte zum sicheren Transport möglichst
die Orginalverpackung (mit Eckenschutz und Schutzhüllen) verwendet
werden oder das Gerät zumindest stoßsicher verpackt werden. Bei der
Annahme des Gerätes untersucht der Kundendienst die Verpackung auf
eventuelle Transportschäden und kann die Reparatur ablehnen, sollte die
Verpackung während des Tranports beschädigt worden sein und dies
zusätzliche Schäden am Gerät verursacht haben.
Die mit der Rückgabe und den Transport verbundenen Kosten und
Risiken sind vom Kunden zu tragen. Dem eingeschickten Gerät ist ein
ordnungsgemäß ausgefüllter Rückgabeschein beizulegen.

Garantieleistung — Folgende Regeln sind für die Inanspruchnahme der


Garantie zu beachten:
 Das Auswechseln der Steckkarte hat ausschließlich durch qualifiziertes
Personal zu erfolgen. In allen anderen Fällen ist das Gerät durch ein
Ersatzgerät zu ersetzen.
 Niemals die Abdeckungen des Gerätes abnehmen.

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Consignes et symboles de sécurité

Consignes de sécurité (Français)

Consignes et symboles de sécurité

Signalétique apposée sur le produit


La signalétique suivante peut être apposée sur le produit :

DANGER — Risque de danger imminent pour l’utilisateur.

MISE EN GARDE — Risque d’endommagement du produit, des


installations ou des autres équipements.

Symboles apposés sur le produit


Les symboles suivants peut être apposés sur le produit :

Signale la présence d’une tension élevée et dangereuse dans le


boîtier de l’équipement ; cette tension peut être suffisante pour
constituer un risque de décharge électrique.
Signale que l’utilisateur, l’opérateur ou le technicien de
maintenance doit faire référence au(x) manuel(s) pour prendre
connaissance des instructions d’utilisation, de maintenance ou
d’entretien.
Il s’agit d’une invite à prendre note du calibre du fusible lors du
remplacement de ce dernier. Le fusible auquel il est fait référence
dans le texte doit être remplacé par un fusible du même calibre.
Identifie une borne de protection de mise à la masse qui doit être
raccordée correctement avant de procéder au raccordement des
autres équipements.
Identifie une borne de protection de mise à la masse qui peut être
connectée en tant que borne de mise à la masse supplémentaire.

Signale la présence de composants sensibles à l’électricité statique


et qui sont susceptibles d’être endommagés par une décharge
électrostatique. Utilisez des procédures, des équipements et des
surfaces antistatiques durant les interventions d’entretien.

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Avertissements

Avertissements

Les avertissements suivants signalent des conditions


ou des pratiques susceptibles d’occasionner des
blessures graves, voire même fatales.

Instructions de sécurité relatives à l’alimentation


secteur
MISE À LA TERRE DE PROTECTION — Assurez-vous que la mise à la
terre est correctement effectuée avant de mettre l’appareil sous tension.
La mise à la terre de protection se fait au travers du cordon
d’alimentation. Pour éviter tout risque de chocs électriques ou de
dommage à l’équipement, ne déconnectez jamais la fiche de terre.

CORDON D’ALIMENTATION SECTEUR (AC) — Les cordons secteur ne


sont pas fournis avec l’équipement. Utilisez des cordons conformes à
ceux décrits au paragraphe Alimentation et terre de sécurité, page 45.
Les cordons secteur doivent être en conformité avec la législation du
pays où le produit est installé.

ALIMENTATION SECTEUR ET PROTECTIONS ÉLECTRIQUES — Pour


chaque circuit électrique, le câblage doit comporter une protection contre
les surintensités, une protection contre les défauts de fuite à la terre et un
système de coupure des deux pôles ou un disjoncteur différentiel.

ALIMENTATION SECTEUR/PANNEAU DE CONNEXION — Le panneau de


connexion doit être conforme à la législation du pays où le produit est
installé. Ce panneau de connexion doit être placé dans la baie de telle
sorte que les prises et les cordons d’alimentation soient à portée de main
afin de permettre la mise hors tension de l’équipement.

PROTECTION CONTRE LES SURINTENSITÉS — L’alimentation électrique


dispose d’une protection intégrée contre les surintensités, non
accessible et non réarmable. En cas de dysfonctionnement, contactez le
Département Services Clients de Thomson Video Networks.

SOURCES D’ALIMENTATION ET INTERVENTION DANS LE CHÂSSIS —


Le châssis peut être alimenté par deux sources d’alimentation pourvues
pour chacune d’elles d’un cordon d’alimentation. Déconnectez tous les
cordons d’alimentation avant toute intervention.

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Avertissements

Instructions de sécurité relatives à l’installation du


châssis dans une baie
TEMPÉRATURE D’AMBIANCE ÉLEVÉE — Si l’équipement est installé
dans une baie, la température d’ambiance de l’équipement peut être
supérieure à la température du local technique. Assurez-vous que la
ventilation est conforme à ce qui est indiqué au paragraphe Montage en
baie, page 42 pour maintenir l’équipement dans un environnement
compatible avec la température ambiante maximum spécifiée par le
Constructeur.

CHARGE MÉCANIQUE — Si l’équipement est installé dans une baie,


veillez à ce que les conditions de montage soient conformes à ce qui est
indiqué au paragraphe Montage en baie, page 42.

CIRCUIT DE SURCHARGE — Le produit est équipé de circuit de


protection de surcharge des circuits d’alimentation et de protection
contre les court-circuits. Appliquez les valeurs appropriées indiquées sur
la plaque signalétique.

LIAISON DE TERRE — Assurez-vous de la continuité de la liaison de terre


pour l’équipement monté en baie. Une attention particulière doit être
apportée en cas d’utilisation de nourrices ou de boîtiers de
raccordement.

EQUERRES INVERSÉES OU ÉQUERRES EN L — Il est strictement interdit


de supporter le châssis par ses oreilles. Si le châssis doit être installé
dans une baie, posez le châssis sur des équerres inversées ou sur des
équerres avec profil en L et observez les règles de ventilation et de
sécurité énoncées au paragraphe Montage en baie, page 42.

PRÉCAUTIONS LORS DES MANIPULATIONS — Prenez toutes les


précautions nécessaires pour ne pas vous blesser lors du montage /
démontage de l’équipement dans une baie. N’hésitez pas à demander
l’assistance d’une autre personne ou à utiliser un chariot élévateur
adapté.

Instructions de sécurité générales


ATMOSPHÈRE EXPLOSIVE — Ne mettez en service le produit qu’en zone
exempte de tout risque d’explosion (atmosphère et matériaux).

HUMIDITÉ — De façon à éviter tout risque de choc électrique, ne mettez


en service le produit qu’en zone sèche.

REMPLACEMENT DE MÉMOIRE AVEC PILE AU LITHIUM INCORPORÉE


— L’équipement contient des mémoires sauvegardées avec des piles au
lithium incorporées. Ces composants ont une durée de vie suffisante
pour ne jamais être changés. Si, pour une raison quelconque, le
remplacement s’avère nécessaire, il convient de respecter les conditions
suivantes :

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Mises en garde

 L’opération ne doit être réalisée que par un personnel qualifié;


 Le composant doit être remplacé par un composant de mêmes
caractéristiques.
 Respectez le sens de montage du composant;
 La mise au rebut du composant usagé doit s’effectuer suivant les
consignes du fabricant du composant.

Il y a risque d’explosion si la mémoire est montée de


manière incorrecte.

La batterie au lithium interne au produit est conforme aux


réglementations de l'IATA et du 49CFR. Elle ne nécessite pas de
déclaration, d’emballage ni d’étiquetage spécifiques.

Mises en garde

Les mises en garde suivantes signalent les conditions et les


pratiques susceptibles d’occasionner des dommages à l’équipement
et aux installations.

SOURCE D’ALIMENTATION ADÉQUATE — Ne branchez pas ce produit à


une source d’alimentation qui délivre une tension supérieure à la tension
nominale spécifiée pour ce produit.

VENTILATION ADÉQUATE — Pour éviter tout risque de surchauffe,


ventilez correctement le produit. Reportez-vous au paragraphe Montage
en baie, page 42.

DYSFONCTIONNEMENT SUSPECTÉ — Si vous constatez une anomalie,


faites procéder à une vérification par un personnel qualifié.

MARCHE/ARRÊT DE L’ÉQUIPEMENT — Le châssis ne comporte pas


d’interrupteur Marche/Arrêt. Les cordons d’alimentation doivent être à
portée de main afin de permettre la mise hors tension de l’équipement.

ACHEMINEZ LES CÂBLES CORRECTEMENT — Acheminez les câbles


d’alimentation et les autres câbles de telle façon qu’ils ne risquent pas
d’être endommagés. Supportez correctement les enroulements de
câbles afin de ne pas endommager les connecteurs.

EMBALLAGE D’ORIGINE — En cas de retour au Département Service


Clients, l'équipement défectueux doit être placé autant que possible dans
son emballage d'origine (cales de protection et boîtes). Si vous ne
disposez plus de l'emballage, l'équipement défectueux doit être protégé
afin de supporter les chocs pendant le transport. Notre Département

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Mises en garde

Service Clients examine les emballages à l'arrivée et pourra refuser


d'effectuer une réparation en cas de défaut visuel sur l'emballage dû au
transport et ayant entraîné de nouveaux défauts par rapport à la nature
de l'anomalie que vous avez constatée.
Il est rappelé que le transport pour le retour des équipements est à la
charge et aux risques du Client. L’équipement ne doit être retourné
qu’accompagné d’une autorisation de retour d’équipement RMA (Return
Material Authorization).

ANNULATION DE GARANTIE — Respectez les règles suivantes pour ne


pas annuler la garantie :
 Seul le remplacement des cartes enfichables et qui ne requiert pas le
démontage du capot est autorisé. Dans tous les autres cas, remplacez
l’équipement par un équipement de rechange.
 Ne démontez jamais le capot.

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Specific Safety Instructions

Safety Instructions for Finland, Norway,


Sweden

Specific Safety Instructions


SPECIFIC SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS FOR FINLAND — Laite on liitettävä
suojamaadoituskoskettimilla varustettuun pistorasiaan.

SPECIFIC SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS FOR NORWAY — Apparatet må


tilkoples jordet stikkontakt.

SPECIFIC SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS FOR SWEDEN — Apparaten skall


anslutas till jordat uttag.

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Appendix C ’Safety Instructions’ — Specific Safety Instructions

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D Appendix
Regulatory Notices

FCC Emission Control


This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for
a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits
are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial
environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is
likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be
required to correct the interference at his own expense. Changes or
modifications not expressly approved by Thomson Video Networks
Group can affect emission compliance and could void the user’s
authority to operate this equipment.

Canadian EMC Notice of Compliance


This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise
emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference
Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.

Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques


dépassant les limites applicables aux appareils numériques de la classe
A prescrites dans le Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté
par le ministère des Communications du Canada.

EN55022 Class A Warning


In a domestic environment, products that comply with Class A may cause
radio interference in which case the user may be required to take
adequate measures.

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Appendix D ’Regulatory Notices’ — VCCI Class A Warning

VCCI Class A Warning

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E Appendix
Customer Services

Introduction

This chapter indicates what you should do if you have a problem with
equipment, whether you need to repair it, to return it or to dispose of it.

Content of this Appendix

’Support Center Contacts’..........................................................page 280

’Warranty’ .....................................................................................page 281

’Services’.......................................................................................page 281

’Spare Parts’ .................................................................................page 282

’Returning Equipment’................................................................page 282

’Repackaging for Shipment’ ......................................................page 282

’Recycling the Product’ ...............................................................page 283

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Appendix E ’Customer Services’ — Support Center Contacts

Support Center Contacts


 Our international call center provides Thomson team members to
answer your product and customer service questions. It is available by
phone or e-mail 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
The Thomson call center phone numbers are available on our website
(Service & Support / Contact Support page):
http://www.thomson-networks.com 

After your call is logged by our call center, you are called back by a
technical support engineer.
 To contact the Thomson support center by email please write to us at: 
Email: contact.support@thomson-networks.com
To ensure fast customer service please include the following
information when contacting Thomson by email:
 Your contract number
 Your geographical location (i.e. country you are in)

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Appendix E ’Customer Services’ — Warranty

 The name of your product


 Any additional system configuration information relating to
your product

Warranty
Thomson Video Networks guarantees that the product will be free from
defects in materials and workmanship, and that the product and/or
software will conform to the applicable specifications, within the
duration of the warranty.

The product is under warranty for a period of twelve (12) months.

The software is under warranty for a period of ninety (90) days.

Concerning the software warranty, Thomson guarantees that, for a


period of 90 days, after the product’s delivery date, or after a system’s
Site Acceptance Test, the physical media will be free from defects and
viruses and the embedded software will conform to applicable
specifications. There is no warranty that Thomson software will be
error-free. The purchase of a software license entitles the customer to use
the Thomson software release shipped at the time the license is
purchased. Rights to new releases (upgrades) are only provided through
a Thomson OneCare service level agreement or can be priced upon
request.

Concerning third party firmware & software (e.g. Java,


SunMicrosystems, etc.), when supplied with a Thomson product,
Thomson is not responsible for supplying any support or information
regarding said software.

The Distributor Warranty Policy described in the individual


distributorship agreement applies.

For details on the Thomson warranty policy, please contact your


Thomson sales representative (list of sales representatives available on
the Thomson website at: http://www.thomson-networks.com/

Services
Training and assistance service offers are available and can be quoted for
upon request.

Thomson OneCare service level agreement offers apply to this product.

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Appendix E ’Customer Services’ — Spare Parts

Spare Parts
The spare part is the product itself, there are no other subsets available
as spare parts.

Returning Equipment
Please contact the call center with questions about the process for
returning Thomson equipment. Within the standard Thomson warranty
period, there is a 30 day turnaround (factory in/out) guarantee for repairs.

Unless specifically agreed, cost and risks for return shipment of


equipment are borne by the Customer. The faulty device must be packed
where possible in its original packaging (protective corners and boxes) If
you no longer have the packaging, the faulty device must be protected
against shocks during the transportation. The company may not be held
liable for any consequence resulting from non-observance of this return
procedure. The company will not be able to guarantee a repair time for
any RMA request for which we do not have a clear and complete fault
description. If no fault is found, a fixed price will be raised to cover
shipping and testing of the unit.

Repackaging for Shipment


Retain original packaging — Unless specifically agreed, cost and risks for
return shipment of equipment are borne by the Customer. The faulty
device must be packed where possible in its original packaging
(protective corners and boxes) If you no longer have the packaging, the
faulty device must be protected against shocks during the transportation.
The company may not be held liable for any consequence resulting from
non-observance of this return procedure. The Thomson Customer
Service Department will examine packaging on arrival and can refuse to
carry out repairs if the packaging has been visibly damaged during
transportation and this has led to further damage in addition to the fault
originally noted.

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Appendix E ’Customer Services’ — Long Term Product Support

Long Term Product Support


Long-Term Product Support (LTPS) is the Thomson support provided
during the product life cycle, starting at the announcement of the end of
product manufacture and ending at the announcement of the end of
services.

After product phase-out announcement, LTPS data is provided by the


Thomson Regional Sales and Field Services organizations.

The Thomson OneCare SLA commitment concerning LTPS data and


associated services may differ from those included as part of the general
Thomson LTPS policy. In such cases, LTPS data and associated services
governed by the terms and conditions of OneCare contracts override the
general LTPS policy.

Recycling the Product

Thomson Video Networks has developed a comprehensive


end-of-life product take back program for recycling or
disposal of end-of-life products. Our program meets the
requirements of the European Union’s WEEE Directive and,
in the United States, those of the Environmental Protection
Agency, individual state or local agencies.
Thomson Video Networks guarantees the proper disposal
of your end-of-life products. A Certificate of Recycling or a
Certificate of Destruction, depending on the ultimate
disposition of the product, can be sent upon request.
Thomson Video Networks will be responsible for all costs
associated with recycling and disposal, including freight,
however you are responsible for the removal of the
equipment from your facility and packing the equipment
ready for pickup.
For further information on the Thomson Video Networks
product take back system, please visit our website’s
Environmental Policy page:
http://www.thomson-networks.com/

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Appendix E ’Customer Services’ — Recycling the Product

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Appendix F
Alarms

Introduction

This chapter gives the list of alarms which can be visible in the Alarm
panel. For each alarm are given the identifier, the name, the text and the
severity.

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Appendix F ’Alarms’

ALARM ALARM ALARM ALARM


CODE NAME TEXT SEVERITY

0x103 HARDWARE_FAILURE Hardware failure %param%integer% Error


0x105 FAN_FAILURE_EAGLE Fan %param%integer% failure Error
0x106 BATTERY_FAILURE Battery failure Error
0x107 POWER_FAILURE Power failure Error
0x108 TEMP_FAILURE Temperature failure configurable
0x109 CFLASH_MISSING Compact flash is missing Error
0x10A ACQUISITION_BOARD_FAILURE Acquisition board failure type Error
%param%integer% slot
%param%integer% code
%param%integer%
0x10B HARDWARE_FAILURE_TYPE2 Hardware failure %param%integer% Error
- %param%integer%
0x10C UNCONSISTENT_HARDWARE_S Inconsistent hardware setup Error
ETUP (%param%string%)
0x203 INPUT_DISCONNECTED Input disconnected Error
0x204 INPUT_NO_DATA Input no data Warning
0x205 INPUT_DATA_OVERFLOW Input bit rate %param%integer% Error
exceed the configured rate
%param%integer%
0x209 INPUT_PACKET_LOST Input %param%integer% packet lost Warning
0x20A ETHERNET_LINK_DOWN Ethernet link down Error
0x20B ETHERNET_LINK_UP Ethernet link up Info
0x20C PAIR_SWITCH_STATUS %param%string% is on air for the Info
pair of inputs (%param%string%,
%param%string%)
0x20D PAIR_SYNC_LOST Synchronization lost on pair of Error
inputs (%param%string%,
%param%string%)
0x20F SECTION_BAD_CRC Bad section CRC on input Warning
%param%integer%, PID
%param%integer%
0x212 INPUT_AVAILABLE Input is available Info
0x217 NO_IP_DATA No %param%string% IP received Info
%param%ipv4%
0x21C CC_ERROR Continuity counter error: Error
%param%string%
0x2FF GENERIC_ERROR %param%string% Error
0x302 EQUIPMENT_IS_OFF Equipment is off Info
0x304 NEW_CONF Configuration '%param%string%' Info
activated by %param%string%

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0x306 NEW_FIRMWARE New firmware downloading Info


0x32d UPDATE_DAYLIGHT_SAVINGS The daylight savings settings are Warning
out-of-date
0x342 NEW_LICENSE New license file downloading Info
0x347 SYNCHRO_OK Input is synchronized Info
0x348 MISSING_PAT Missing PAT for TS id = Error
%param%integer%
0x349 MISSING_PMT Missing PMT (PID = Warning
%param%integer%) for program
%param%integer%
0x34A MISSING_CAT Missing CAT Warning
0x34B MISSING_NIT_ACT Missing NIT actual for network id = Warning
%param%hex%
0x34C MISSING_NIT_OTH Missing NIT other for network id = Warning
%param%hex%
0x34D MISSING_SDT_ACT Missing SDT actual for TS id = Warning
%param%hex%, original_network id
= %param%hex%
0x34E MISSING_SDT_OTH Missing SDT other for TS id = Warning
%param%hex%, original_network id
= %param%hex%
0x34F MISSING_BAT Missing BAT for bouquet id = Warning
%param%hex%
0x350 MISSING_EIT_ACT_PF Missing EIT p/f actual Warning
0x351 MISSING_EIT_OTH_PF Missing EIT p/f other Warning
0x352 MISSING_EIT_ACT_SCH Missing EIT schedule actual Warning
0x353 MISSING_EIT_OTH_SCH Missing EIT schedule other Warning
0x354 MISSING_TDT Missing TDT Warning
0x355 MISSING_TOT Missing TOT Warning
0x356 MISSING_STT Missing STT Warning
0x357 FLASH_FULLNESS_REACHED Flash fullness is higher than Error
%param%integer% percent
0x358 INPUT_RECORDING_STOPPED Input recording is stopped during Info
file transfer
0x35C FEC_DEACTIVATED FEC deactivated for Warning
%param%string%
0x401 ETR_101290_1_1 TR 101 290 1.1: Not synchronized Error
%param%string%
0x402 ETR_101290_1_2 TR 101 290 1.2: At least configurable
%param%integer% unsynchronized
packets errors/s
0x403 ETR_101290_1_3_A_1 TR 101 290 1.3.A.1: PAT interval > configurable
%param%integer% ms

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0x404 ETR_101290_1_3_A_2 TR 101 290 1.3.A.2: Table ID configurable


%param%integer% was found on
PID %param%integer% (PAT)
0x405 ETR_101290_1_3_A_3 TR 101 290 1.3.A.3: PID 0 (PAT) is configurable
scrambled
0x406 ETR_101290_1_4 TR 101 290 1.4: Continuity counter configurable
error on PID %param%integer%
0x407 ETR_101290_1_5_A_1 TR 101 290 1.5.A.1: PMT interval > configurable
%param%integer% ms (PN
%param%integer%, PID
%param%integer%)
0x408 ETR_101290_1_5_A_2 TR 101 290 1.5.A.2: PMT is scrambled configurable
(PN %param%integer%, PID
%param%integer%)
0x409 ETR_101290_1_6_A TR 101 290 1.6.A: PID configurable
%param%integer% was not present
for %param%integer% s (PN
%param%integer%)
0x40A ETR_101290_1_6_B TR 101 290 1.6.B: PID configurable
%param%integer% was not present
for %param%integer% s
0x40B ETR_101290_2_1 TR 101 290 2.1: At least configurable
%param%integer% transport
errors/s
0x40C ETR_101290_2_2 TR 101 290 2.2: Bad CRC on PID configurable
%param%integer%
0x40D ETR_101290_2_3_A TR 101 290 2.3.A: PCR interval > configurable
%param%integer% ms on PID
%param%integer%
0x40E ETR_101290_2_3_B TR 101 290 2.3.B: PCR discontinuity configurable
indicator error on PID
%param%integer%
0x40F ETR_101290_2_4 TR 101 290 2.4: PCR accuracy > +/- configurable
%param%integer% ns on PID
%param%integer%
0x410 ETR_101290_2_5 TR 101 290 2.5: No PTS for configurable
%param%integer% ms on PID
%param%integer%
0x411 ETR_101290_2_6_1 TR 101 290 2.6.1: Packets are configurable
scrambled but there was no CAT for
%param%integer% ms
0x412 ETR_101290_2_6_2 TR 101 290 2.6.2: Table ID configurable
%param%integer% was found on
PID %param%integer% (CAT)
0x413 ETR_101290_3_1_A_1 TR 101 290 3.1.A.1: Table ID configurable
%param%integer% was found on
PID %param%integer% (NIT)

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0x414 ETR_101290_3_1_A_2 TR 101 290 3.1.A.2: NIT actual configurable


interval > %param%integer% ms
0x415 ETR_101290_3_1_B TR 101 290 3.1.B: NIT other interval > configurable
%param%integer% ms (Network ID
%param%integer%)
0x416 ETR_101290_3_2 TR 101 290 3.2: Two consecutive configurable
sections occurred within a
%param%integer% ms period on
PID %param%integer%, TID
%param%integer%
0x417 ETR_101290_3_4_A TR 101 290 3.4.A: PID configurable
%param%integer% was not referred
to by PAT, PMT, or CAT for
%param%integer% ms
0x418 ETR_101290_3_5_A_1 TR 101 290 3.5.A.1: Table ID configurable
%param%integer% was found on
PID %param%integer% (SDT or BAT)
0x419 ETR_101290_3_5_A_2 TR 101 290 3.5.A.2: SDT actual configurable
interval > %param%integer% ms
0x41A ETR_101290_3_5_B TR 101 290 3.5.B: SDT other interval configurable
> %param%integer% ms (TSID
%param%integer%, ONID
%param%integer%)
0x41B ETR_101290_3_6_A_1 TR 101 290 3.6.A.1: Table ID configurable
%param%integer% was found on
PID %param%integer% (EIT)
0x41C ETR_101290_3_6_A_2 TR 101 290 3.6.A.2: EIT actual P/F configurable
interval > %param%integer% ms
(Service ID %param%integer%)
0x41D ETR_101290_3_6_B TR 101 290 3.6.B: EIT other P/F configurable
interval > %param%integer% ms
(Service ID %param%integer%, TSID
%param%integer%, ONID
%param%integer%)
0x41E ETR_101290_3_6_C TR 101 290 3.6.C: EIT P present but configurable
no F (Service ID %param%integer%,
TSID %param%integer%, ONID
%param%integer%)
0x41F ETR_101290_3_7 TR 101 290 3.7: Table ID configurable
%param%integer% was found on
PID %param%integer% (RST)
0x420 ETR_101290_3_8_1 TR 101 290 3.8.1: TDT interval > configurable
%param%integer% ms
0x421 ETR_101290_3_8_2 TR 101 290 3.8.2: Table ID configurable
%param%integer% was found on
PID %param%integer% (TDT)
0x422 ETR_101290_ATSC_3_1 TR 101 290 ATSC 3.1: Table ID configurable
%param%integer% was found on
PID %param%integer%

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0x423 ETR_101290_ATSC_3_3 TR 101 290 ATSC 3.3: STT interval > configurable
%param%integer% ms
0x424 ETR_101290_ATSC_3_4_A TR 101 290 ATSC 3.4.A: PID configurable
%param%integer% was not referred
to by PAT, PMT, MGT or CAT for
%param%integer% ms
0x425 ETR_101290_ATSC_3_5 TR 101 290 ATSC 3.5: MGT interval > configurable
%param%integer% ms
0x426 ETR_101290_ATSC_3_6_1 TR 101 290 ATSC 3.6.1: TVCT interval configurable
> %param%integer% ms
0x427 ETR_101290_ATSC_3_6_2 TR 101 290 ATSC 3.6.2: CVCT interval configurable
> %param%integer% ms
0x428 ETR_101290_ATSC_3_7 TR 101 290 ATSC 3.7: RRT interval > configurable
%param%integer% ms
0x429 TEST_PID_RATE_GREATER PID %param%integer% rate > configurable
%param%integer% kbps
0x42A TEST_PID_RATE_LOWER PID %param%integer% rate <= configurable
%param%integer% kbps
0x42B TEST_STUFFING_RATE_LOWER Stuffing rate < %param%integer% % configurable
0x42C TEST_STUFFING_RATE_GREATE Stuffing rate > %param%integer% % configurable
R
0x42D TEST_SECTION_INTERVAL_GRE Section Interval > configurable
ATER %param%integer% ms on PID
%param%integer%, TID
%param%integer%
0x42E TEST_SECTION_INTERVAL_LOW Section Interval < configurable
ER %param%integer% ms on PID
%param%integer%, TID
%param%integer%
0x42F TEST_PID_FOUND PID %param%integer% was found configurable
on input stream
0x430 TEST_PID_SCRAMBLED PID %param%integer% should be configurable
scrambled
0x431 TEST_PID_NOT_SCRAMBLED PID %param%integer% should not configurable
be scrambled
0x432 TEST_CRC_ERROR Continuity counter error on PID configurable
%param%integer%
0x433 TEST_BAD_CRC Bad CRC on PID %param%integer% configurable
0x434 TEST_TID_ON_PID Table ID %param%integer% was configurable
found on PID %param%integer%
0x435 TEST_PROGRAM_NOT_REFERR Program Number configurable
ED %param%integer% is not referred to
by PAT
0x450 TEST_TIDEXT1_FOUND TID EXT 1 %param%integer% was configurable
found on PID %param%integer%,
TID %param%integer%

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0x451 TEST_TIDEXT2_FOUND TID EXT 2 %param%integer% was configurable


found on PID %param%integer%,
TID %param%integer%, TID EXT 1
%param%integer%
0x452 TEST_TIDEXT3_FOUND TID EXT 3 %param%integer% was configurable
found on PID %param%integer%,
TID %param%integer%, TID EXT 1
%param%integer%, TID EXT 2
%param%integer%
0x480 MANUAL_STRATEGY Strategy is manual in current Info
configuration
0x481 SWITCH Smart output is switched on Info
%param%string%
0x482 MODE_MAINTENANCE Equipment is in maintenance mode Info
0x483 TRIGGER_ACTIVE Manual switch requested by GPI Info
event (%param%string%)
0x484 EQUAST_PCR_FILTER_SETTLIN PCR analysis on PID Info
G %param%integer%: settling filter
0x490 DELAY_COMPENSATION_NOT_L Delay compensation not locked: Warning
OCKED switching would not be seamless
0x491 DELAY_COMPENSATION_BUFFE Delay compensation buffer Error
R_OVERFLOW overflow: the actual bit rate is higher
than the configured one
0x492 DELAY_COMPENSATION_2_PAT Delay compensation: the actual Warning
TERNS_IN_BUFFER bitrate is much lower than the
configured one or the pattern period
is too low
0x493 POOL_DISABLED Association disabled (severity limit Warning
is reached)
0x494 TEST_MIP_TIMING_ERROR Successive STS values are not configurable
self-consistent (timing error
accuracy > %param%integer% x
100ns)
0x495 TEST_MIP_STRUCTURE_ERROR Syntax of the MIP is incorrect configurable
0x496 TEST_MIP_PRESENCE_ERROR MIP should be inserted into the configurable
transport stream once and only once
per mega-frame
0x497 TEST_MIP_POINTER_ERROR MIP pointer value error configurable
0x498 TEST_MIP_PERIODICITY_ERROR Periodic MIP insertion error: pointer configurable
value is not constant or number of
TP between MIP is not constant
0x499 TEST_MIP_TS_RATE_ERROR Transport Stream bitrate is not configurable
consistent with the DVB-T mode
defined by the MIP (max rate
deviation > %param%integer% bps)
0x49a OUTPUT_DISCONNECTED Output disconnected Error
0x49b RX_OVERFLOW Reception overflow Error

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0x49c TX_OVERFLOW Transmission overflow Error


0x49d MULTI_SESSIONS At least two different TS match with Error
input configuration
0x49e NEW_SESSION New TS detected: %param%string% Info
0x49f OUTPUT_ON_ETH Output connected on Ethernet Info
%param%integer%
0x4a0 TS_INPUT_OVERFLOW Internal input overflow Error
0x4a1 TEST_T2MI_PRESENCE T2-MI stream is not detected Error
(%param%string%)
0x4a2 TEST_T2MI_CONTINUITY_COU T2-MI PID continuity counter error Error
NTER
0x4a3 TEST_T2MI_PACKET_COUNT T2-MI packet count error Error
0x4a4 SWITCH_T2MI_INPUTS_UNLOC T2-MI switch not locked: switching Warning
KED would not be seamless
0x4a5 SWITCH_T2MI_NOT_SEAMLESS T2-MI switch not seamless Warning
0x4a6 SWITCH_T2MI_BUFFER T2-MI buffer overflow: the actual bit Error
OVERFLOW rate is higher than the configured
one
0x4a7 SWITCH_T2MI_BITRATE T2-MI bit rate overflow: the actual bit Warning
OVERFLOW rate is higher than the configured
one
0x4a8 SWITCH_T2MI_BITRATE T2-MI bit rate underflow: the actual Warning
UNDERFLOW bit rate is much lower than the
configured one
0x4a9 DELAY_COMPENSATION_IP_BA Delay compensation bad Warning
D_PARAMETERS parameter(s)
0x4aa FEC_CORRECTION_ON_VPPD_S FEC correction failure: number of TS Error
ESSION packets per IP datagram shall be
constant
0x4ab FEC_CORRECTION_NOT_RTP_S FEC correction failure: IP session Error
ESSION shall be over RTP
0x4ac FEC_CORRECTION_BAD_MATRI FEC correction not guaranteed: FEC Error
X matrix
0x4ad FEC_NOT_DETECTED FEC correction failure: incoming FEC Warning
session(s) not detected
0x4ae FEC_GENERATION_ON_VPPD_S FEC generation failure: number of Error
ESSION TS packets per IP datagram on
%param%string% shall be constant
0x4af FEC_GENERATION_NOT_RTP_S FEC generation failure: IP session on Error
ESSION %param%string% shall be over RTP
0x4b0 FEC_OVERFLOW FEC %param%string% overflow Error
0x4b1 TEST_MIP_TIMING_ERROR Missing MIP Configurable
0x503 LOGBOOK_DELETED Closed alarms deletion Info
0x504 NO_CONF_IN_NVRAM Waiting for a new configuration Error

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0x505 NO_CONNECTION_SNTP_SERV Cannot connect to SNTP server Warning


ER
0x508 CFLASH_ERASED The equipment data has been Error
erased. The current configuration
will be deleted at next restart
0x509 CFLASH_ERASED_INFO The equipment data has been Info
erased
0x50a WAITING_FOR_LICENSE_FILE Waiting for a license file Warning
0x50b OPTIONS_CORRECTED_FOR_CO Inconsistent options have been Error
HERENCY loaded (%param%integer%)
0x50e CONF_ACTIVE_DESACTIVATED %param%integer% consecutive Info
reboots: current configuration has
been deactivated
0x511 CONF_INCOHERENT_WITH_OPT Configuration '%param%string%' Error
IONS cannot be activated
0x514 LICENSE_EXPIRATION_DELAY License file expires in Info
%param%integer% days
0x515 NO_CONNECTION_NTP_SERVE Cannot connect to NTP server Warning
R %param%ipv4%
0x516 OPTION_CORRECTED Inconsistent option has been loaded: Error
%param%string%

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100/1000Base-T An Ethernet standard designed to generate, monitor and capture 100/1000


Ethernet traffic.

3G-SDI 3 Gbps High-Definition Serial Digital Interface.

4:2:2 A chrominance sub-sampling system in which the color difference signals


are sampled on all lines at half the luminance rate.

AES Audio Engineering Society.


Professional organization of electrical engineers whose concern is with the
standards of audio engineering.

ARP Address Resolution Protocol.


Internet protocol used to map an IP address to physical (hardware)
addresses on local area networks.

ASI Asynchronous Serial Interface.

BAT Bouquet Association Table


The BAT provides information about bouquets. It gives the name of the
bouquet and a list of associated services.

Buffer A memory store used to provide a consistent rate of data flow.

BW Bandwidth: a measure of the width of a range of frequencies, measured in


hertz.

CAT Conditional Access Table


CAT table is used for conditional access to the streams. It provides
association with EMM stream.

CBR Constant Bitrate. The bit-rate of the bitstream is constant.

Chrominance Chrominance (chroma or C for short) is the signal used in video systems
to convey the color information of the picture, separately from the
accompanying luma signal (or Y for short).

Codec Compressor-Decompressor.
A codec is a device or computer program capable of encoding and/or
decoding a digital data stream or signal.

Compression The process of removing redundant data from audio or video streams to
reduce the amount of data transferred or stored.

CPU Central Processing Unit.

CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check.


A cyclic redundancy check (CRC) is an error-detecting code designed to
detect accidental changes to raw computer data, and is commonly used in
digital networks and storage devices such as hard disk drives.

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CrCb Digital Color difference signals. These signals, in combination with the
luminance signal (Y), define the color and brightness of each picture
element (pixel) on a TV line. See: Chrominance.

CVCT Cable Virtual Channel Table (ATSC).

Decoder The device containing the electronic circuitry necessary to decode


encrypted signals. Some Decoders features a receiver.

DTS Decoding Time Stamp

DVB Digital Video Broadcasting


The Digital Video Broadcasting Project (DVB) is an industry-led consortium
of around 250 broadcasters, manufacturers, network operators, software
developers, regulatory bodies and others in over 35 countries committed
to designing open technical standards for the global delivery of digital
television and data services. Services using DVB standards are available
on every continent with more than 500 million DVB receivers deployed.

DVB-T Digital Video Broadcasting baseline system for digital terrestrial television
(first generation)

DVB-T2 Digital Video Broadcasting baseline system for digital terrestrial television
(second generation)

ECM Entitlement Control Message.


Private Conditional Access information that specifies control words and
possibly other stream-specific, scrambling, and/or control parameters.

EDH Error Detection and Handling.


EDH protocol allows an SD-SDI receiver to verify that each field of video is
received correctly. EDH is used primarily to assist in identifying faulty
equipment in a video chain so that it can be quickly replaced or repaired.
The SD-SDI EDH protocol is defined by SMPTE RP 165-1994 and the
equivalent ITU standard ITU-R BT.1304

EIT Event Information Table


A mandatory Digital Video Broadcast (DVB) SI table that transmits
information relating to the events in the MPEG transport stream.

EMC Electromagnetic Compatibility.

EMM Entitlement Management Message.


Private Conditional Access information that specifies the authorization
level or services of specific decoders.

Ethernet The most widely used local area network (LAN) defined by the IEEE as the
802.3 standard.

FEC Forward Error Correction.


It is a system of error control for data transmission, whereby the sender
adds systematically generated redundant data to its messages. The
carefully designed redundancy allows the receiver to detect and correct a
limited number of errors occurring anywhere in the message without the
need to ask the sender for additional data. FEC gives the receiver an ability
to correct errors without needing a reverse channel to request
retransmission of data, but this advantage is at the cost of a fixed higher
forward channel bandwidth.

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Field For an interlaced video signal, a "field" is the assembly of alternate lines of
a frame. Therefore, an interlaced frame is composed of two fields, a top
field and a bottom field.

Frame A frame contains lines of spatial information of a video signal. For


progressive video, these lines contain samples starting from one time
instant and continuing through successive lines to the bottom of the
frame. For interlaced video a frame consists of two fields, a top field and a
bottom field. One of these fields will commence one field later than the
other.

FTP File Transfer Protocol.


It is a standard network protocol used to copy a file from one host to
another over a TCP-based network.

GPI General Purpose Interface.

GPIO General Purpose Input/Output

GUI Graphical User Interface


It is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic
devices with images rather than text commands. A GUI represents the
information and actions available to a user through graphical icons and
visual indicators such as secondary notation, as opposed to text-based
interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.

HANC Horizontal Ancillary.


Ancillary packets located in the horizontal blanking interval of a digital
video signal.

HD High Definition.

HD-SDI 1.5 Gbps High-Definition Serial Digital Interface.

HDTV High Definition Television.

HTML Hyper Text Markup Language.


HTML is the predominant markup language for web pages. That is the
basic building-blocks of Web pages.

HTTP Hyper Text Transfer Protocol.

IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol.


IGMP is a communication protocol used by hosts and adjacent routers on
IP networks to establish multicast group memberships.
There are three versions of IGMP, as defined by "Request for Comments"
(RFC) documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). IGMPv1 is
defined by RFC 1112, IGMPv2 is defined by RFC 2236 and IGMPv3 was
initially defined by RFC 3376 but has since been superseded by RFC 4604.

IP Internet Protocol.

IP Address A 32-bit (IPv4) or 128-bit (IPv6) numerical identifier for a specific TCP/IP
host device on a network, that represents the sender or receiver of
information sent across the network.

IRD Integrated Receiver Decoder.


The IRD is the official name for the satellite receiver, which has a built-in
decoder for unscrambling subscription channels. It is also known as
Set-Top Box for the cable.

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ISO International Standards Organization.

ITU-R International Telecommunications Union - Radio.


Formerly CCIR. Deals with the standardization of wireless communication.

ITU-T International Telecommunications Union - Telecommunications.


Formerly CCITT. Produces global telecommunication standards, and
defines tariff and accounting principles.

LAN Local Area Network.


A local area network is a network that connects computers and devices in
a limited geographical area such as home, school, computer laboratory or
office building.

LED Light Emitting Diode.

MGT Master Guide Table (ATSC)

MIB Management Information Base.


SNMP collects management information from devices on the network and
records the information in a management information base. The MIB
information includes device features, data throughput statistics, traffic
overloads, and errors.

MIP Modulator Information Packet

MTU Maximum Transmission Unit: The size of the largest packet that a network
protocol can transmit.

Multicast Process where a single stream is served from one source to multiple
receivers. The multicast address range is: 224.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255.

NIT Network Information Table


A mandatory Digital Video Broadcast (DVB) SI table, that provides a
grouping of Transport Streams (TS) and the relevant tuning information.

NMS Network Management System.

NTP Network Time Protocol.

P/F Present/Following

Packet - In networks, a unit of data transmitted over a packet-switching network.


A packet consists of a header followed by a number of contiguous bytes
from an elementary data stream.
- In transport streams, a packet is a small, fixed-size data quantum.

PAT Program Association Table.


It lists all programs available in the MPEG-2 transport stream. Each of the
listed programs is identified by a 16-bit value called program_number.
Each of the programs listed in PAT has an associated value of PID for its
Program Map Table (PMT).

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PCR Program Clock Reference.


A time stamp used in digital video compression that indicates the system
time clock’s (STC) value the instant the time stamped packet leaves the
encoder. In the Moving Pictures Experts Group 2 (MPEG-2) system the
digital video source is clocked at 27 Mhz and the decoder must generate
the same 27 MHz clock so that the encoder and decoder clocks are
synchronized. These clocks are called System Time Clocks (STC). To
synchronize the decoder, the encoder sends a PCR to the decoder. The
decoder receives the packet and compares the STC value with it’s own STC
counter value. If the values are the same then no adjustment is needed but
if the two values are different, the decoder must either reset, speed up, or
slow down its STC.

PID Packet Identifier


A unique integer value used to identify the contents of an MPEG-2
Transport Stream packet (Video components PID, Audio component
PID...).

PMT Program Map Table.


A mandatory MPEG-2 PSI table. Each service has a PMT. It lists the service
component parts (elementary streams of video, audio, location of the PCR
fields, etc.).

PSI Program Specific Information.


Normative data that is necessary for the demultiplexing of transport
streams and the regeneration of programs.

PSIP Program and System Information Protocol.


A method of describing Naming and Navigation data for a multi program
transport stream as defined in ATSC A/65A.

PSU Power Supply Unit.

PTS Presentation Time Stamp.


The PTS is a metadata field in an MPEG transport stream that is used to
achieve synchronization of programs' separate elementary streams (for
example Video, Audio, Subtitles) when presented to the viewer. The PTS
is given in units related to a program's overall clock reference, either
Program Clock Reference (PCR) or System Clock Reference (SCR), which is
also transmitted in the transport stream or program stream.

R, G, B Red, Green, Blue.

Resolution Determined by the number of pixels displayed per line or for a given area.

RRT Rating Region Table (ATSC)

RST Running Status Table (DVB)


The RST gives the status of an event (running/not running). The RST
updates this information and allows timely automatic switching to events.

RTP Real Time Transport Protocol.


This Protocol defines a standardized packet format for delivering audio
and video over IP networks.

RU Rack Unit. It is a unit of measure used to describe the height of equipment


intended for mounting in a 19-inch rack or a 23-inch rack. One rack unit is
1.75 inches (44.45 mm) high.

SD Standard Definition.

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SDI Serial Digital Interface.

SD-SDI 270 Mbps Standard-Definition Serial Digital Interface.

SDT Service Description Table.


A mandatory Digital Video Broadcast (DVB) SI table, that provides
information in the SI stream about the services in the system; for example,
the name of the service, the service provider, etc.

SDTV Simple Definition Television.

SFN Single Frequency Network


A SFN is a broadcast network where several transmitters simultaneously
send the same signal over the same frequency channel. The aim of SFNs
is efficient utilization of the radio spectrum, allowing a higher number of
radio and TV programs in comparison to traditional multi-frequency
network (MFN) transmission. SFN transmission can be considered as a
severe form of multipath propagation. The radio receiver receives several
echoes of the same signal, and the constructive or destructive interference
among these echoes (also known as self-interference) may result in fading.
In wideband digital broadcasting, self-interference cancellation is
facilitated by the OFDM or COFDM modulation method. OFDM uses a
large number of slow low-bandwidth modulators instead of one fast
wide-band modulator. Each modulator has its own frequency sub-channel
and sub-carrier frequency. Since each modulator is very slow, we can
afford to insert a guard interval between the symbols, and thus eliminate
the ISI. Although the fading is frequency-selective over the whole
frequency channel, it can be considered as flat within the narrowband
sub-channel. Thus, advanced equalization filters can be avoided. A
forward error correction code (FEC) can counteract that a certain portion of
the sub-carriers are exposed to too much fading to be correctly
demodulated.

SI Service Information
Digital information describing the delivery system, content and scheduling
/timing of broadcast data streams (DVB).

SMPTE Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers.


A Standards Organization devoted to advancing theory and application in
motion imaging, including film, television, video, computer imaging, and
telecommunications.

SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol.


SNMP provides a means to monitor and control network devices, and to
manage configurations, statistics collection, performance, and security.
SNMP network management is based on the client and server model. Each
managed host runs a process called an agent. The agent is a server
process that maintains the Management Information Base (MIB) database
for the host. SNMP uses ports 161 and 162.

STS Synchronization Time Stamp

STT System Time Table (ATSC)

T2 See ’DVB-T2’

T2-MI DVB-T2 Modulator Interface

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TCP Transmission Control Protocol.


One of the main protocols in TCP/IP networks. TCP enables two hosts to
establish a connection and exchange streams of data. TCP guarantees
delivery of data and packets, and will be delivered in the same order in
which they were sent. While IP takes care of handling the actual delivery
of the data, TCP takes care of keeping track of the individual units of data
(called packets) that a message is divided into for efficient routing through
the Internet.

TCP / IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol


Two interrelated protocols that are part of the Internet protocol suite. TCP
operates on the OSI transport layer and breaks data into packets. IP
operates on the OSI network layer and routes the packets. While IP takes
care of handling the actual delivery of the data, TCP takes care of keeping
track of the individual units of data (called packets) that a message is
divided into for efficient routing through the Internet. TCP/IP allows the
construction of very large networks with little central management.

TDT Time and Date Table.


A mandatory Digital Video Broadcast (DVB) SI table that supplies the
Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) time and date.

TID Table Identifier

TID Ext Table Identifier Extension

TOT Time Offset Table.


An optional (DVB) SI table that supplies the actual UTC-time including also
time offset information coded as MJD.

TS Transport Stream.
A multiplex of several Elementary Stream that are contained in packets.

TVCT Terrestrial Virtual Channel Table (ATSC)

UDP User Data Protocol.


A connectionless protocol, like TCP, that runs on top of IP networks. Unlike
TCP/IP, UDP/IP provides very few error recovery services, offering instead
a direct way to send and receive datagrams over an IP network without
acknowledgements for guaranteed delivery.

Unicast Unicast is communication between a single sender and a single receiver


over a network.

UTC Coordinated Universal Time.


UTC is the time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. In
casual use, UTC corresponds to Greenwich Mean Time (or GMT).

VANC Vertical Ancillary.


Ancillary packets located in the vertical blanking interval of a digital video
signal.

VBE Variable Bits per Element. Refer to CBE entry.

VBI Vertical Blanking Interval.


In analog video, the interval after the last displayed line of video in a field
and before the first displayed line of video in the next field, during which
a television receiver will synchronize vertically.

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VSF Video Services Forum, Inc.


VSF is an international association composed of service providers, users
and manufacturers dedicated to interoperability, quality metrics and
education for video networking technologies

Y (Luminance) Defines the brightness of a TV picture.

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Statistics tab 167


continuity counter
test 152
A Copy 66
Creating a new configuration 73
AC Mains power supply cord(s) 45 customization
alarms statistics display 168
list 28, 29, 49 Customizing the Configuration Tabs’ Layout
tests 174 67
Alarms Panel 69
Apply 66
ASI D
inputs connection 55
ATSC delay compensation
tests 134 locking 188
transport stream 16 synchronization feature 102, 106
Automation 176 time delay feature 102, 105, 128, 130
Description 69
Dimensions 213
B DVB
tests 134, 138, 141
BAT transport stream 16
test 144
battery
reference 184 E
replacing 184
Edit/Unedit 66
EIT
C test 145
EMC ground 44
Cabling 44 End 69
CAT Ethernet 51
test 142
Ethernet Interfaces 68, 156
Check 66
extract
Cleaning chassis ventilation grids 183
table 119, 248
Clear 70
clock
NTP synchronization 53 F
colors
statistics elements 168 Front panel 26
statistics settings 171
configuration 19
switches associations 96, 97
tests 134 G
Configuration Panel
Automation tab 174 GPI
List of Configurations 64 GPIO view 68
inputs 155

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switch request 207 test 143


graphical user interface (GUI) 16 No automation 176
NTP
synchronization settings 53
I
inputs O
GPI 155
statistics 168, 239 Open 66
status 49, 161
structure (snapshot view) 238 outputs
interval monitoring outputs 49, 166, 255
tests 139, 140, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148,
151, 152
IP 53 P
settings 29, 41, 49
Panels 61
PAT
J test 139
persistence 135
Java PID
supervision application 50, 57 test 139, 140, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147,
150, 151, 152
PMT
K test 140
Power consumption 212
keypad 26, 27 Power outlet 45
Power supply 212
Power up 55
L Protective ground 45
PSI
latency 209
statistics 167, 168
LEDs 26, 27
tests status 174
Level 69
R
Rear panel 33
M relays
connection 56
maintenance management 49, 50
lithium battery 184 meaning 54
mode 50, 164 supervision 68, 155
MIB 238 Reliability 214
description 243 Remove 66
MIP Rename 66, 74
tests 149
rights
monitoring 49, 166, 255
access rights configuration 41, 49, 53
RST
test 146
N
New 66, 73
NIT

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S T
Save 66, 70 T2-MI
Schedule 113, 176 DVB-T2 SFN capability 19, 24
input configuration 76, 123
Schedule 114 latency 209
scrambling 16 snapshot panel 118
tests 140 software option 220
Screen layout 61 specifications 200
switch configuration 79, 127
SDT switch supervision 163
test 144 synchronization configuration 129
Send 66, 114 tab 175
severity 134 tests 134, 154
table extraction 119, 248
SMPTE 310M 50, 54
TDT
Snapshot panel 117
test 146
SNMP time setting 50
Community strings 223 tests 16
MIB 238, 243 bit rate 150, 151
settings 49, 53 configuration 134
SNTP continuity counter 152
time setting 50 counter 257
Specifications element presence 142
Electrical 212 interval 139, 140, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147,
Mechanical 213 148, 151, 152
Standard compliance 215 MIP 149
parameters 138
Start 69 scrambling 140
statistics supervision 256
inputs 239 T2-MI 154
transport 141
status TS synchronization 138
equipment 26, 49 unreferenced PIDs 147
inputs 29, 49, 161, 236 view 68
switches 49, 89, 161, 236, 252 TOT
tests 256
test 146
Status bar 70 time setting 50
supervision 19 triggers
network connection 56 connection 56
relays 68, 155 switch request 207
switches 104, 106 TS
switches test 138
status 49, 161
supervision 104, 106
view 68
switches associations 68 U
concept 96
configuration 96, 97 UTC
switching time setting 53
tests consequence 135
via SNMP 250, 251
with delay compensation 102 V
synchronization
inputs (delay compensation) 102 Ventilation 42, 214
TS synchronization test 138
views
GPIO 68
switches 68

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tests 68

W
Weight 214

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