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Title page

Alcatel-Lucent 9944
Smart Base Station S8K Rehosting | UA08.1
Technical Description
9YZ-03450-4101-DEZZA
Issue 0.04 | January 2013

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Alcatel-Lucent – Proprietary
Use pursuant to applicable agreements
Use pursuant to applicable agreements

Legal notice
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Legal notice

Alcatel, Lucent, Alcatel-Lucent and the Alcatel-Lucent logo are trademarks of Alcatel-Lucent. All other trademarks are the property of their respective
owners.

The information presented is subject to change without notice. Alcatel-Lucent assumes no responsibility for inaccuracies contained herein.
Copyright © 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All rights reserved.
Contains proprietary/trade secret information which is the property of Alcatel-Lucent and must not be made available to, or copied or used by anyone outside
Alcatel-Lucent without its written authorization.
Not to be used or disclosed except in accordance with applicable agreements.
PRELIMINARY

Alcatel-Lucent – Proprietary
Use pursuant to applicable agreements
Contents

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About this document
Purpose ............................................................................................................................................................................................. xi
xi

Reason for reissue ........................................................................................................................................................................ xi


xi

New in this release ....................................................................................................................................................................... xi


xi

Intended audience ......................................................................................................................................................................... xi


xi

Supported systems ........................................................................................................................................................................ xi


xi

How to use this document ........................................................................................................................................................ xii


xii

Prerequisites .................................................................................................................................................................................. xii


xii

Conventions used ........................................................................................................................................................................ xii


xii

Related information .................................................................................................................................................................... xii


xii

Document support ...................................................................................................................................................................... xiii


xiii

Technical support ....................................................................................................................................................................... xiii


xiii

How to order ................................................................................................................................................................................ xiv


xiv

How to comment ........................................................................................................................................................................ xiv


xiv

1 Roadmap to Conventional Base Station documentation

Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1-1


1-1

Roadmap to Conventional Base Station documentation ............................................................................................ 1-2


1-2

2 UTRAN introduction

Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2-1


2-1

UTRAN introduction ............................................................................................................................................................... 2-2


2-2
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3 9944 Smart S8K basic characteristics

Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-1


3-1

9944 Smart S8K introduction ............................................................................................................................................... 3-2


3-2
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9944 Smart S8K features and functions ........................................................................................................................... 3-4
3-4

9944 Smart S8K external interfaces ................................................................................................................................... 3-7


3-7

9944 Smart S8K optional features ...................................................................................................................................... 3-9


3-9

9944 Smart S8K physical and environmental characteristics ................................................................................ 3-10


3-10

9944 Smart S8K configurations ........................................................................................................................................ 3-11


3-11

4 9944 Smart S8K hardware description

Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-1


4-1

9944 Smart S8K hardware presentation

9944 Smart S8K hardware presentation ........................................................................................................................... 4-3


4-3

9944 Smart S8K digital modules

Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-7


4-7

Digital modules presentation ................................................................................................................................................ 4-8


4-8

eXtended Channel Element Module-U (xCEM-U) ................................................................................................... 4-12


4-12

enhanced Channel Element Module-U (eCEM-U) .................................................................................................... 4-15


4-15

eXtended Core Controller Module-U (xCCM-U) ...................................................................................................... 4-18


4-18

enhanced Core Controller Module-U (eCCM-U) ....................................................................................................... 4-26


4-26

d2U fan tray (48V) ................................................................................................................................................................. 4-32


4-32

Rack User Commissioning module (RUC for d2U (V2/V3)) ................................................................................ 4-34
4-34

Physical characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K digital modules .......................................................................... 4-36
4-36

9944 Smart S8K radio modules

Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-37


4-37

Radio modules presentation ............................................................................................................................................... 4-38


4-38

Transmitter Receiver Duplexer Unit (TRDU) ............................................................................................................. 4-41


4-41
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TRDU InterCOnnection (TRDU ICO) module ........................................................................................................... 4-47


4-47

TRDU sub-rack Cooling Unit (TRCU) .......................................................................................................................... 4-49


4-49

Physical characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K radio modules ............................................................................ 4-51
4-51

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Contents

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Multi-Carrier TRX900 (MC-TRX) .................................................................................................................................. 4-52
4-52

MC-TRX physical characteristics .................................................................................................................................... 4-58


4-58

9944 Smart S8K power system

Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-59


4-59

Main components of the power system ......................................................................................................................... 4-60


4-60

Power Supply Unit (PSU) AC ........................................................................................................................................... 4-61


4-61

AC input Unit (ACU) ........................................................................................................................................................... 4-64


4-64

DC Distribution Unit (DDU) ............................................................................................................................................. 4-66


4-66

Rectifier ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-68


4-68

Control Board Unit (CBU) .................................................................................................................................................. 4-70


4-70

Physical characteristics of the power system components ...................................................................................... 4-72


4-72

9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system

Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-73


4-73

9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system presentation ..................................................................................... 4-74
4-74

Direct Ambient Cooling System (DACS) ..................................................................................................................... 4-76


4-76

9944 Smart S8K other equipment

Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-80


4-80

OUTdoor ALarm board Converged (OUTAL-C) ....................................................................................................... 4-81


4-81

PCM Lightning Protection (LPPCM) module ............................................................................................................. 4-83


4-83

AISG Tower Mounted Amplifier (AISG TMA) .......................................................................................................... 4-84


4-84

Remote Electrical Tilt Automatic (RETA) .................................................................................................................... 4-86


4-86

Physical characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K other equipment ........................................................................ 4-90
4-90

5 Using the TIL tool


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Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-1


5-1

Using the TIL tool ..................................................................................................................................................................... 5-2


5-2

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List of tables

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1 Generic terms ............................................................................................................................................................... xii
xii

4-1 Digital modules supported by the 9944 Smart S8K ................................................................................... 4-10

4-2 xCEM-U corporate LED behavior .................................................................................................................... 4-13

4-3 eCEM-U corporate LEDs behavior .................................................................................................................. 4-17

4-4 xCCM-U corporate LEDs status ........................................................................................................................ 4-20

4-5 d2U rack modules - dimensions and weight ................................................................................................. 4-36

4-6 TRDU LEDs behavior ........................................................................................................................................... 4-45

4-7 CPRI LEDs behavior ............................................................................................................................................. 4-46


4-46

4-8 Modules of the TRDU sub-rack - Dimensions and weight ...................................................................... 4-51

4-9 MC-TRX LEDs management description ...................................................................................................... 4-56

4-10 MC-TRX dimensions and weight .................................................................................................................... 4-58

4-11 MC-TRX consumption ......................................................................................................................................... 4-58

4-12 Rectifier configurations ........................................................................................................................................ 4-62


4-62

4-13 Rectifier corporate LEDs behavior ................................................................................................................... 4-69

4-14 DC distribution components - dimensions and weight ............................................................................. 4-72

4-15 Optional modules - Dimensions and weight ................................................................................................. 4-90

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List of figures

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1-1 Roadmap to Conventional Base Station documentation ............................................................................. 1-3

2-1 Alcatel-Lucent UTRAN architecture example ............................................................................................... 2-4

3-1 9944 Smart S8K outside view ............................................................................................................................... 3-3

4-1 GSM and WCDMA 900 or 1800 hybrid configuration ............................................................................... 4-4

4-2 UMTS FDD band I (2100/1900 MHz band) configuration ....................................................................... 4-5

4-3 d2U RBP ....................................................................................................................................................................... 4-8


4-8

4-4 d2U functional architecture ................................................................................................................................. 4-10

4-5 d2U digital shelf layout ......................................................................................................................................... 4-11

4-6 xCEM-U front panel .............................................................................................................................................. 4-13

4-7 eCEM-U front panel ............................................................................................................................................... 4-16


4-16

4-8 eCEM-U tri-color LEDs ....................................................................................................................................... 4-16

4-9 xCCM-U-4E1 configuration front panel ....................................................................................................... 4-19

4-10 xCCM-U-GE configuration front panel .......................................................................................................... 4-19

4-11 TRDU/RRH mixity support on xCCM-U board ......................................................................................... 4-23

4-12 RRH20-21 connection on d2U ........................................................................................................................... 4-24

4-13 MC-TRX connection on d2U ............................................................................................................................. 4-25

4-14 eCCM-U-4E1 configuration front panel ......................................................................................................... 4-27

4-15 eCCM-U-GE configuration front panel .......................................................................................................... 4-27

4-16 eCCM-U tri-color LEDs ....................................................................................................................................... 4-29

4-17 MC-TRX connection on d2U ............................................................................................................................. 4-31


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4-18 Fan tray view ............................................................................................................................................................ 4-32


4-32

4-19 d2U air flow paths .................................................................................................................................................. 4-33


4-33

4-20 RUC module front panel ...................................................................................................................................... 4-35

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4-21 Outside view of the TRDU sub-rack ................................................................................................................ 4-39

4-22 Front view of the TRDU sub-rack (fully equipped) ................................................................................... 4-40

4-23 TRDU internal architecture ................................................................................................................................. 4-42

4-24 TRDU60–21 front panel ....................................................................................................................................... 4-43

4-25 TRDU60–21B front panel ................................................................................................................................... 4-44

4-26 Front panel of the TRDU ICO module ............................................................................................................ 4-47

4-27 TRCU front panel ................................................................................................................................................... 4-49


4-49

4-28 MC-TRX internal architecture ........................................................................................................................... 4-53

4-29 MC-TRX 900 front panel ..................................................................................................................................... 4-54

4-30 MC-TRX LEDs ....................................................................................................................................................... 4-56


4-56

4-31 PSU AC front view ................................................................................................................................................. 4-62

4-32 PSU AC front view ................................................................................................................................................. 4-63

4-33 ACU front panel ...................................................................................................................................................... 4-65


4-65

4-34 DDU front panel ...................................................................................................................................................... 4-66


4-66

4-35 Rectifier (1600 W) front panel ........................................................................................................................... 4-68

4-36 Rectifier filler front panel .................................................................................................................................... 4-69


4-69

4-37 CBU front panel ...................................................................................................................................................... 4-71


4-71

4-38 9944 Smart S8K air paths .................................................................................................................................... 4-75

4-39 DACS main components ...................................................................................................................................... 4-77

4-40 OUTAL C board front panel ............................................................................................................................... 4-82

4-41 Front panel of the LPPCM module ................................................................................................................... 4-83

4-42 CCU front panel ...................................................................................................................................................... 4-86


4-86

4-43 AISG RETA solution ............................................................................................................................................. 4-88


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About this document
About this document

Purpose
This document describes the Alcatel-Lucent 9944 Smart Base Station S8K Rehosting,
allowing a 2G BTS to re-host a hybrid 2G (GSM) and 3G (UMTS) Node B configuration.
The following short name is used in this publication: “9944 Smart S8K”.

Reason for reissue


The reissue reasons are:

Issue number Issue date Reason for reissue


0.04 January 2013 Preliminary Issue
0.03 November 2012 Preliminary Issue
0.02 March 2012 Preliminary Issue
0.01 December 2011 Draft issue

New in this release


New features:
• None
Other changes:
• Updated documentation roadmap.

Intended audience
The audience for this document is Operations and Maintenance personnel, and anyone
interested in learning more about the 9944 Smart S8K.
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Supported systems
This document applies to Alcatel-Lucent W-CDMA UA08.1 system release.

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How to use this document
No specific recommendation applies regarding the way readers should read this
document.

Prerequisites
It is recommended that the reader becomes familiar with:
• Alcatel-Lucent 9100 BTS Hardware Description, 3BK 21642 AAAA TQZZA
• 9100 BTS/9110 Micro BTS Corrective Maintenance Handbook, 3BK 21643 AAAA
PCZZA

Conventions used
Vocabulary conventions
For a list of terms used in this document, see Alcatel-Lucent W-CDMA System -
Terminology, NN-20500-002.
This document uses some terms generically.

Table 1 Generic terms

Generic term Used for


CCM xCCM-U/eCCM-U
CEM xCEM-U/eCEM-U
d2U rack 9326 d2U V2 rack / 9926 BBU

Typographical conventions
The following typographical convention is used in this document:

Appearance Description
Document reference, reference number Related document that is referenced in the document.

Related information
For information on subjects related to the content of this document, refer to the
documents listed in the following table:
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Refer to this document At this location For more information on


Alcatel-Lucent W-CDMA http://support.alcatel- Terms used in Alcatel-Lucent
System - Terminology, lucent.com 9300 W-CDMA documents
NN-20500-002

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About this document

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Refer to this document At this location For more information on


Alcatel-Lucent 9944 Smart http://support.alcatel- How to perform preventive
Base Station S8K Rehosting lucent.com and corrective maintenance
- Maintenance Guide, activity of the Alcatel-Lucent
9YZ-03450-4102-REZZA 9944 Smart Base Station S8K
Rehosting
Alcatel-Lucent 9353 http://support.alcatel- Alarm descriptions and
Wireless Management lucent.com maintenance actions required
System - Node B Alarms for Alcatel-Lucent Node Bs.
Reference Guide for 9311,
9312, 9322, 9326, 9332
Node B, NN-20500-018P1
Alcatel-Lucent 9100 and http://support.alcatel- How to perform the Node B
93xx Node B – lucent.com installation, commissioning
Commissioning and Fault and maintenance tasks using
Management User Manual: the Node B TIL (Terminal for
TIL, NN-20500-019 Local Installation) tool
Alcatel-Lucent Base Station http://support.alcatel- 2G Base Station Subsystem
Subsystem — BSS overview, lucent.com and its components
3BK 218222 AAAA
TQZZA
Alcatel-Lucent Distributed http://support.alcatel- How to replace TMXA09,
BTS/9100 BTS/9110 Micro lucent.com TMXA18, AGX9E, AGX18
BTS Corrective and SUMX modules
MaintenanceHandbook,
9YZ-03803-1340-PCZZA

Document support
For support in using this or any other Alcatel-Lucent document, contact Alcatel-Lucent at
one of the following telephone numbers:
• 1-888-582-3688 (for the United States)
• 1-317-377-8618 (for all other countries)

Technical support
For technical support, contact your local Alcatel-Lucent customer support team. See the
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Alcatel-Lucent Support web site (http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/support/) for contact


information.

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How to order
To order Alcatel-Lucent documents, contact your local sales representative or use Online
Customer Support (OLCS) (http://support.alcatel-lucent.com)

How to comment
To comment on this document, go to the Online Comment Form (http://infodoc.alcatel-
lucent.com/comments/) or e-mail your comments to the Comments Hotline
(comments@alcatel-lucent.com).
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1 1oadmap to Conventional
R
Base Station
documentation

Overview
Purpose
This chapter provides the roadmap for Conventional Base Station documentation.

Contents

Roadmap to Conventional Base Station documentation 1-2

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Roadmap to Conventional Base Station documentation


Overall roadmap
For the roadmap relating to the full documentation collection, see:
• Alcatel-Lucent W-CDMA System - Document Collection Overview, NN-20500-050
For the Access Network Elements Overview, see:
• Alcatel-Lucent W-CDMA System - Access Network Elements Overview,
NN-20500-233
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Figure 1-1 Roadmap to Conventional Base Station documentation

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2 UTRAN introduction
2

Overview
Purpose
This chapter describes the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS)
Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN).

Contents

UTRAN introduction 2-2

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UTRAN introduction
UTRAN components
The UTRAN is composed of at least one Radio Network Subsystem (RNS). An RNS
covers a certain geographical area. It is equivalent to the GSM BSS. Each RNS is
composed of one Radio Network Controller (RNC) and one or more Node Bs. RNSs are
interconnected through the Iur interface of each RNC to form a network.
Alcatel-Lucent UTRAN
The Alcatel-Lucent UTRAN is based on the following components:
• RNC
• Node B
• WMS for the OAM part

RNC
The Alcatel-Lucent RNC is 3GPP-compliant. It is based on the Multiservice Switch
platform.

RNC main functions


The main functions of the RNC are to control and manage:
• Radio Access Network (RAN)
• Signalling between Core Network (CN) components and the Radio Network System
(RNS)
• Node Bs and their radio resources

RNC interfaces
The RNC provides the following interfaces:
• Iub towards a Node B
• Iu towards the Core Network
• Iur towards another RNC
• Iupc towards a Standalone A-GPS SMLC (SAS)

Node B
The Alcatel-Lucent Node Bs are 3GPP-compliant. The Alcatel-Lucent Node B portfolio
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includes:
• Conventional unitary base stations
• Digital base stations
• Radio base stations
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• Radio heads
• Base station routers

Node B main functions


The Node B supports the following main functions:
• Network interface management
• Radio access
• Call processing
• Configuration and supervision
• Synchronization
• Performance monitoring

Node B interfaces
The Node B provides the following interfaces:
• Iub towards an RNC
• Uu towards a UE
• Interface B towards WMS

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Figure 2-1 Alcatel-Lucent UTRAN architecture example

WMS
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The Alcatel-Lucent Wireless Management System (WMS) delivers an integrated UMTS


management platform through which all Network Elements (NE) can be monitored and
controlled.

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
It plays an important role in providing the foundation of a complete end-to-end
management solution for UMTS networks. The WMS manages the entire UMTS
network, which is divided into:
• The UTRAN
• The Core Network (circuit-switched and packet-switched traffics).
The Access Network OAM manages the UTRAN part of the network.

Access Network OAM main functions


The Access Network OAM manages the UTRAN part of the network.
The main functions of Access Network OAM are the following:
• Fault management
• Configuration management
• Performance management

NSP
The Network Services Platform (NSP) is a graphical user interface to the Access Network
providing a common platform for navigation and control. The NSP interfaces with the
NEs through a Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA). This
vendor-independent architecture links computer applications across different networks.

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3 3944 Smart S8K basic
9
characteristics

Overview
Purpose
This chapter describes the basic characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K.

Contents

9944 Smart S8K introduction 3-2


9944 Smart S8K features and functions 3-4
9944 Smart S8K external interfaces 3-7
9944 Smart S8K optional features 3-9
9944 Smart S8K physical and environmental characteristics 3-10
9944 Smart S8K configurations 3-11

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9944 Smart S8K introduction


Introduction
The 9944 Smart S8K can operate in the GSM 900 or 1800 (refer to Related information)
or WCDMA 900 or 1800 band, or in the UMTS FDD band I (2100/1900 MHz band).
The 9944 Smart S8K provides for the UMTS system:
• The means of communication between a User Equipment (UE) and a network using
Transport Channels
• Physical layer channels, which are necessary to synchronize the downlink and
perform cell selection/reselection and handover preparation
• Measurement information to the RNC for radio resource management (handover,
power control)
The 9944 Smart S8K delivers high UMTS radio performances and supports the enhanced
High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) and High Speed Uplink Packet Access
(HSUPA) solutions through easy software upgrade. The 9944 Smart S8K is ready for
High Speed Packet Access plus (HSPA+) and Long Term Evolution (LTE).

9944 Smart S8K cabinet


The Alcatel-Lucent 9944 Smart S8K is an outdoor cabinet. It is a two door cabinet
consisting of two compartments, left compartment and right compartment.
The following figure shows a general view of the 9944 Smart S8K cabinet.
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Figure 3-1 9944 Smart S8K outside view

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9944 Smart S8K features and functions


Introduction
The 9944 Smart S8K supports the following functions in 3G context:
• Radio access and modem
• Call processing
• Performance monitoring
• Network interface
• Configuration/supervision
• Synchronization

Radio access and modem


These functions are the following:
• Modulation, frequency up-conversion, amplification
• Reception, frequency down-conversion, digitizing and demodulating the radio signal
Radio access is mapped on the Transmitter Receiver Duplexer Unit (TRDU) or on the
MCTRX 3G.

The TRDU is a frequency-dependent module compatible with the full UMTS FDD
Band I (2100/1900 MHz):
– Downlink: 2110-2170 MHz
– Uplink: 1920-1980 MHz
• The MCTRX 3G module is a frequency-dependent module compatible with WCDMA
900 or 1800.
Modem is mapped on the Channel Element Module (CEM).

Call Processing (CallP)


The call processing function is in charge of the radio resource management inside the
base station. This function manages the UMTS services (described in 3GPP standards)
and the internal services used for configuration and implementation purposes.
The call processing function is also in charge of:
• Common channel management, which includes setup, release, and modification
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procedures
• Dedicated channel management, which includes setup, release, and modification
procedures
• Cell management, which includes setup, deletion, and modification of a cell
• Power control for controlling UE power emission
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• Softer handover, in which a single base station manages the cells in communication
with the UE
• Common Channels defense in case of CE (Channel Element) failure by relocating
them autonomously to available CE resources (same board or another) without
involvement of the RNC
Call processing is mapped on the Core Controller Module (CCM) and the Channel
Element Module (CEM). It supports multiple CEM. Multiple CEM (or multi-CEM)
allows to use several CEMs for call processing management. In the 9944 Smart S8K, call
processing is mapped on the xCCM-U/eCCM-U and xCEM-U/eCEM-U modules.

Performance monitoring
The performance monitoring function is in charge of collecting performance
measurement data from the network interface function and from the
configuration/supervision function.
The measurement data is used to calculate and report performance data to the RNC for
traffic control and to the WMS for network operation and tuning.

Network interface
This function is in charge of managing interfaces with RNC:
• Physical layer management (configuration, alarm reporting)
• Layer 2 (IMA, switching, etc.)
The 9944 Smart S8K supports the following types of transport on the Iub interface:
• ATM
• Hybrid ATM / IP
• Native IP

Configuration/supervision
This function is in charge of:
• Module configuration and supervision
• Inventory information reporting
• Plug-and-play management
The remote inventory functionality provides the UMTS OAM access to determine the
composition of the Node B. The remote inventory is performed by the CCM for the
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following modules:
• xCEM-U/eCEM-U, with their number
• TRDUs, with their number
• Fan rack

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• LPPCM
• Power system modules (ACU, DDU, CBU, Rectifiers)
• 9944 Smart S8K cabinet

Synchronization
This function is in charge of retrieving highly stable radio frequency from either network
interface or optional GPS receiver.
The 9944 Smart S8K can be synchronized through the following means:
• E1/T1 PCM link (standard mechanism)
The E1/T1 link used for synchronization does not carry any data traffic.
• Local GPS receiver
In the GPS-based synchronization solution, the xCCM-U/eCCM-U module is
connected to a GPS smart antenna/receiver that provides GPS synchro source (Pulse
Per Second (PPS) synchro input from the antenna).
• IEEE 1588v2 Precision Time Protocol (PTP)
The PTP-based synchronization solution relies on time servers connected to the Node
B through the Ethernet network.
Note: This synchronization mechanism only applies to native IP Node B.
• Synchronous Ethernet
Note: This synchronization mechanism only applies to native IP Node B.
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9944 Smart S8K external interfaces


Introduction
The 9944 Smart S8K platform is equipped with six main types of external interface:
• E1/T1 network interface (Iub)
• Radio interface
• Alarm / remote control interfaces
• Power supply interface (AC)
• User equipment

Network interface
The 9944 Smart S8K supports three modes of Iub transport for 3G operations:
• ATM
All Iub traffic (OAM, NBAP signaling, R99, HSPA) is carried over ATM/E1(T1).
E1 link complies with ITU G703/G704. T1 link is based on ANSI standard.
The raw data rate between Node B and RNC can rise up to 15.872 Mbit/s (E1) or
12.288 Mbit/s (T1). Depending on the data flow, ATM AAL2 and AAL5 are used on
the above physical link through IMA. The IMA framing provides for physical link
performance monitoring and management.
In the case of a 120-ohm network, the only equipment needed to ensure the PCM
connection is the 120-ohm PCM cable.
In the case of a 75-ohm network, it is necessary to have baluns (two baluns per PCM)
to ensure adaptation from the 120 ohm of the Node B to the 75 ohm of the customer
network. Four types of baluns can be used: BNC, 1.6/5.6, SMZ type 43, or BNC to
RJ-45.
• Hybrid ATM/IP
An IP-based Iub transport is used for HSPA traffic whereas an ATM-based Iub
transport is used for the remaining Iub traffic (R99, OAM and NBAP signaling). The
I/B HSPA traffic can also be carried on the ATM link if the IP link is lost (hybrid Iub
resiliency between ATM and IP).
The hybrid Iub interface requires an xCCM-U module (“xCCM-U-4E1” or
“xCCM-U-GE” hardware configuration) or an eCCM-U module (“eCCM-U 8-4E1
ports” or “eCCM-U-GE” hardware configuration).
• Native IP
With native IP Iub transport, you can choose to carry all Iub traffic (OAM, NBAP
signaling, R99, HSPA) on an IP over Ethernet transport.
The native Iub interface requires an xCCM-U module (“xCCM-U-GE” hardware
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configuration) or an eCCM-U module (“eCCM-U-GE” hardware configuration).

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Radio interface
The radio interface consists of up to 12 RF ports (six in the basic configuration) which
correspond to the connection to main and diversity antennas for up to six sectors (three in
the basic configuration).
The impedance of the radio interface is 50 ohm.

Alarm / remote control interfaces

Power supply interface


The 9944 Smart S8K provides AC connection on terminal block located in AC box
(bottom right of the cabinet) for the following kinds of networks:
• 230 VAC 1 phase
• 400 VAC 3 phases
The AC input is converted to -48 VDC for use within the cabinet.

Other equipment
The 9944 Smart S8K provides:
• A 19-inch 1U space for the optional lightening protection module, above the d2U rack
• A 19-inch 1U space for the alarm module, underneath the d2U rack
• A space for one optional batteries string
• A 19-inch 6U space for optional user modules, such as the Central Control Unit
(CCU) when AISG RETA option is required.
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9944 Smart S8K optional features


Overview
The 9944 Smart S8K supports the following optional features:
• PCM Lightning Protection (LPPCM) module
• AISG Remote Electrical Tilt Automatic (RETA) base
• AISG RETA line extension
• AISG Tower Mounted Amplifier (TMA)
• 75-ohm PCM interface
• Fixation kit (a plinth and two sets of assembly screws)
This list is not exhaustive. In particular, this document does not provide information on
ancillaries (cables and installation kits).

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9944 Smart S8K physical and environmental characteristics


Overview
This section details the physical and environmental characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K
cabinet.
The 9944 Smart S8K cabinet has the following characteristics.

Size
• Width (W): 1350 mm
• Depth (D): 650 mm
• Height (H): 1610 mm

Weight
• Empty cabinet (without battery, fan units or boards): 164 kg
• Fully-equipped configuration with DACS : 440 kg
The plinth has an additional weight of 48.5 kg.

Environmental characteristics
The 9944 Smart S8K is designed to support
• An external temperature range of -40°C to +50°C
• An absolute humidity between 1g/m3 and 36 g/m3
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9944 Smart S8K configurations


Introduction
The 9944 Smart S8K supports the following configurations:
• Omni Transmission-Omni Reception (OTOR) configuration
• Bi sectorial Transmission-Bi sectorial Reception (BTBR) configuration
• Tri sectorial Transmission-Tri sectorial Reception (STSR) configuration
• Other configurations with up to six sectors or up to 12 cells

OTOR configuration
OTOR is the standard one-sector configuration. In this configuration, the Node B is
logically declared at the RNC as one cell. The OTOR configuration uses a single Power
Amplifier to transmit signals in all directions (Omni-directional).
According to the number of frequency carriers, the 9944 Smart S8K supports the
following configurations:
• OTOR1
The OTOR1 configuration requires the following characteristics:
– One antenna pair: two antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one Rx Div)
– One frequency carrier
• OTOR2
The OTOR2 configuration requires the following characteristics:
– One antenna pair: two antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one Rx Div)
– Two frequency carriers (adjacent or not)
• OTOR3
The OTOR3 configuration requires the following characteristics:
– One antenna pair: two antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one Rx Div)
– Three frequency carriers (adjacent or not)
• OTORx+y (x, y = 1 or 2)
These configurations require the following characteristics:
– One antenna pair: two antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one TX/Rx Div)
– Two to four frequency carriers: one or two frequency carriers (adjacent or not) in a
first operational bandwidth, and one or two other frequency carriers (adjacent or
not) in a second operational bandwidth
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BTBR configuration
BTBR is the standard two-sector configuration. It is obtained from STSR configuration
and consists in doing an STSR depopulation. The Node B is logically declared at the
RNC as two cells. The power allocation with BTBR configuration is independent across
sectors.
According to the number of frequency carriers, the 9944 Smart S8K supports the
following configurations:
• BTBR1
This configuration is an STSR1 configuration depopulation. It requires the following
characteristics:
– Two antenna pairs: four antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one Rx Div per pair)
– One frequency carrier
• BTBR2
This configuration is an STSR2 configuration depopulation. It requires the following
characteristics:
– Two antenna pairs: four antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one Rx Div per pair)
– Two frequency carriers (adjacent or not)
• BTBR3
This configuration is an STSR3 configuration depopulation. It requires the following
characteristics:
– Two antenna pairs: four antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one Rx Div per pair)
– Three frequency carriers (adjacent or not)
• BTBRx+y (x, y = 1 or 2)
These configurations are an STSRx+y configuration depopulation. They require the
following characteristics:
– Two antenna pairs: four antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one TX/Rx Div per
pair)
– Two to four frequency carriers: one or two frequency carriers (adjacent or not) in a
first operational bandwidth, and one or two other frequency carriers (adjacent or
not) in a second operational bandwidth

STSR configuration
STSR is the standard three-sector configuration. The Node B is logically declared at the
RNC as three cells. Softer handover is controlled by the network.
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According to the number of frequency carriers, the 9944 Smart S8K supports the
following configurations:
• STSR1

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This configuration is the smallest hardware configuration in STSR. It requires the
following characteristics:
– Three antenna pairs: six antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one Rx Div per pair)
– One frequency carrier
• STSR2
This configuration requires the following characteristics:
– Three antenna pairs: six antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one Rx Div per pair)
– Two frequency carriers (adjacent or not)
• STSR3
This configuration requires the following characteristics:
– Three antenna pairs: six antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one Rx Div per pair)
– Three frequency carriers (adjacent or not)
• STSRx+y (x, y = 1 or 2)
These configurations require the following characteristics:
– Three antenna pairs: six antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one Tx/Rx Div per
pair)
– Two to four frequency carriers: one or two frequency carriers (adjacent or not) in a
first operational bandwidth, and one or two other frequency carriers (adjacent or
not) in a second operational bandwidth

Other configurations
Other configurations are four-sector, five-sector and six-sector configurations. The Node
B is logically declared at the RNC as four, five, or six cells. Softer handover is controlled
by the network.
According to the number of frequency carriers, the 9944 Smart S8K supports other
configurations with four, five and six sectors with the limitation of 12 cells maximum.
For example, the possible six-sector configurations are the following:
• HTHR1
This configuration requires the following characteristics:
– Six antenna pairs: 12 antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one Div per pair)
– One frequency carrier
• HTHR2
This configuration requires the following characteristics:
– Six antenna pairs: 12 antenna ports (one TX/Rx Main and one Div per pair)
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– Two frequency carriers (adjacent or not)

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4 4944 Smart S8K hardware
9
description

Overview
Purpose
This chapter describes all the modules (optional or not) implemented in the 9944 Smart
S8K cabinets.

Contents

9944 Smart S8K hardware presentation 4-3


9944 Smart S8K hardware presentation 4-3
9944 Smart S8K digital modules 4-7
Digital modules presentation 4-8
eXtended Channel Element Module-U (xCEM-U) 4-12
enhanced Channel Element Module-U (eCEM-U) 4-15
eXtended Core Controller Module-U (xCCM-U) 4-18
enhanced Core Controller Module-U (eCCM-U) 4-26
d2U fan tray (48V) 4-32
Rack User Commissioning module (RUC for d2U (V2/V3)) 4-34
Physical characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K digital modules 4-36
9944 Smart S8K radio modules 4-37
Radio modules presentation 4-38
Transmitter Receiver Duplexer Unit (TRDU) 4-41
TRDU InterCOnnection (TRDU ICO) module 4-47
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TRDU sub-rack Cooling Unit (TRCU) 4-49


Physical characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K radio modules 4-51
Multi-Carrier TRX900 (MC-TRX) 4-52

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MC-TRX physical characteristics 4-58


9944 Smart S8K power system 4-59
Main components of the power system 4-60
Power Supply Unit (PSU) AC 4-61
AC input Unit (ACU) 4-64
DC Distribution Unit (DDU) 4-66
Rectifier 4-68
Control Board Unit (CBU) 4-70
Physical characteristics of the power system components 4-72
9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system 4-73
9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system presentation 4-74
Direct Ambient Cooling System (DACS) 4-76
9944 Smart S8K other equipment 4-80
OUTdoor ALarm board Converged (OUTAL-C) 4-81
PCM Lightning Protection (LPPCM) module 4-83
AISG Tower Mounted Amplifier (AISG TMA) 4-84
Remote Electrical Tilt Automatic (RETA) 4-86
Physical characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K other equipment 4-90
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9944 Smart S8K hardware presentation
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9944 Smart S8K hardware presentation

9944 Smart S8K hardware presentation


Introduction
The 9944 Smart S8K exists in two WCDMA configurations, according to the band in
which it operates: the WCDMA 900 or 1800 configuration, and the UMTS FDD band I
(2100/1900 MHz band) configuration.
The 9944 Smart S8K is built around the following blocks:
• The digital part: d2U rack, located on the right compartment
• The radio part, located on the right compartment:
– MCTRX 3G in the WCDMA 900 or 1800 configuration
– TRDU sub-rack I the UMTS FDD band I (2100/1900 MHz band) configuration
• The power system, located on the right compartment, composed of the following
equipment:
– The AC terminal box
– The AC Power Supply Unit (PSU), for power distribution in 9944 Smart S8K AC
cabinet, with ACU (AC Distribution Unit) module, Rectifier shelf with integrated
DDU (DC Distribution Unit) and rectifiers.
• The optional batteries are in the top compartment.
• The cooling and heating system, composed of the following equipment:
– Fans dedicated to the d2U (d2U V2 fan rack)
– Fans dedicated to the TRDU sub-rack (TRCU module)
– Direct Air Cooling System (DACS) located in the top compartment of the cabinet
• On the left compartment, the space available for user optional equipment, such as:
– The optional Central Control Unit for Remote Electrical Tilt Automatic (CCU for
RETA)
• The bulkhead
Other equipment includes:
• The Outdoor Control Board (OUTAL-C) , located on the right hand side of the left
compartment
It contains the XIOB, BTSRI, RIBAT and COAR functions and provides connectors
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for DC supplies, temperature sensor, and for the external Abis (PCM, GSM only),
alarm and clock cables.
• The optional PCM Lightning Protection (LPPCM) module, above the d2U rack

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Equipment layout
The following figure illustrates the blocks layout in the 9944 Smart S8K cabinet equipped
in the WCDMA 900 or 1800 configuration, with 2G legacy modules.

Figure 4-1 GSM and WCDMA 900 or 1800 hybrid configuration


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9944 Smart S8K hardware presentation
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The following figure illustrates the blocks layout in the 9944 Smart S8K cabinet equipped
in the UMTS FDD band I (2100/1900 MHz band) configuration.

Figure 4-2 UMTS FDD band I (2100/1900 MHz band) configuration

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Bulkhead
The bulkhead of the 9944 Smart S8K cabinet provides three kinds of interfaces:
• W-CDMA interfaces:
– Iub interface: PCM link (D-Sub 37 male connector), optical and electrical
Ethernet links, located on the right hand side of the cabinet floor
– External Alarms : DB25 connector located on the right hand side of the cabinet
floor
• RF interface: up to nine 7/16 connectors, located on the left hand side of the cabinet
floor, and up to three on the right hand side.
• Electrical power supply, on the right hand side of the cabinet floor: one cable gland,
located on the AC/DC main box
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9944 Smart S8K digital modules
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

9944 Smart S8K digital modules

Overview
Purpose
This section describes the digital modules housed in the 9944 Smart S8K.

Contents

Digital modules presentation 4-8


eXtended Channel Element Module-U (xCEM-U) 4-12
enhanced Channel Element Module-U (eCEM-U) 4-15
eXtended Core Controller Module-U (xCCM-U) 4-18
enhanced Core Controller Module-U (eCCM-U) 4-26
d2U fan tray (48V) 4-32
Rack User Commissioning module (RUC for d2U (V2/V3)) 4-34
Physical characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K digital modules 4-36

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9944 Smart S8K digital modules
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Digital modules presentation


Introduction
The digital part of the 9944 Smart S8K is a d2U rack for 3G functionalities. It contains
the following equipment:
• A four-slot digital shelf equipped with two types of hardware modules
• A fan rack
• A backplane supporting all the links between these modules.

Digital backplane functionality


The digital backplane is part of the digital shelf. It is in charge of supporting internal links
and electrical interfaces between the modules of the digital shelf. All modules and some
cables carrying external signals are plugged into connectors mounted on the backplane
Printed-Circuit Board (PCB). The backplane board accommodates several high-speed
signals rating up to 1.3 Gbit/s. It supports -48 V DC power supply.
The digital backplane provides:
• Inter-module connections
• -48 V DC
The digital backplane used in the d2U rack is the Rack BackPlane (RBP). The RBP
interconnects one xCCM-U/eCCM-U and up to three xCEM-U/eCEM-Us.
The following figure illustrates the d2U RBP.

Figure 4-3 d2U RBP


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9944 Smart S8K digital modules
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Digital shelf
The digital shelf houses the following modules:
• eXtended Channel Element Module-U (xCEM-U) / enhanced Channel Element
Module-U (eCEM-U)
This module is in charge of:
– Part of call processing
– Base-band transmit/receive digital signal processing
• eXtended Core Controller Module-U (xCCM-U) / enhanced Core Controller
Module-U (eCCM-U)
This module is in charge of:
– OAM management
– Part of call processing
– Internal/external data flow switching or combining
– Supporting external/internal alarm connectivity and external synchronization
reference interface
– Supporting up to six CPRI interfaces to radio equipment
• A fan rack contains two fans and a Rack User Commissioning (RUC) module. The
RUC module is connected to the xCCM-U/eCCM-U via a one-wire link. It supports
all fan alarms.

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The following figure illustrates the functional architecture of the d2U.

Figure 4-4 d2U functional architecture

The digital shelf controls the radio devices (TRDUs and/or RRHs) through electrical
connections carrying digital links compliant with CPRI standard.
The 9944 Smart S8K supports the digital modules listed in the following table.

Table 4-1 Digital modules supported by the 9944 Smart S8K

Module Function
xCCM-U/eCCM-U CCM + GPSAM + OIM
xCEM-U/eCEM-U CEM
RBP Backplane
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9944 Smart S8K digital modules
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The digital shelf of the 9944 Smart S8K houses four slots, shared as follows:
• One for the xCCM-U/eCCM-U (slot 1) (no duplex feature)
• Up to three for the xCEM-U/eCEM-Us (slot 2, slot 3, slot 4), depending on the
configuration requirements (one xCEM-U/eCEM-U in the base package)
CCM and CEM module types can be mixed : xCCM-U can support a mix of xCEM-U
and eCEM-U, eCCM-U can support a mix of xCEM-U and eCEM-U.
Unused xCEM-U/eCEM-U slots on a powered 9944 Smart S8K must be equipped with
filler modules. The filler modules maintain electromagnetic interference (EMI) integrity,
as well as shelf airflow patterns to ensure proper cooling.
The following figure shows the digital shelf layout.

Figure 4-5 d2U digital shelf layout

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eXtended Channel Element Module-U (xCEM-U)


Main functions
The xCEM-U performs the base-band radio signal processing and part of the call
processing.
The xCEM-U supports up to:
• 256 UMTS voice channels
• 128 HSPA channels
The xCEM-U performs both uplink and downlink traffic processing with both Rx and Tx
diversity with no capacity loss.
The processing function includes the following:
• Rx signal processing (de-correlation, finger processing, MRC, search,
de-multiplexing, de-interleaving and decoding)
• Tx signal processing (coding interleaving, channel multiplexing, spreading, summing
and power weighting)
The xCEM-U supports the softer handover feature across up to six sectors.
The xCEM-U also manages the traffic network interface for ATM termination and data
scheduling for the HSDPA/E-DCH support.
The xCEM-U handles call processing function along with OAM operations.

Hardware description
The xCEM-U is composed of:
• One main board (size 389.6mm x 274.8mm)
• One front panel
All the xCEM-U interfaces are located at the rear of the module and connected to the
RBP. The front panel only includes LEDs and debug interfaces.
The following figure shows the xCEM-U front panel.
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Figure 4-6 xCEM-U front panel

Port description
The xCEM-U front panel also the following connectors:
• One Debug Ethernet connector (RJ-45 type connector) for synchronization of test
equipment
• One Sync connector (RJ-45 type connector)
These two RJ-45 connectors are not used in normal operation.
LED description
The xCEM-U front panel has two corporate LEDs indicating the xCEM-U status.

Table 4-2 xCEM-U corporate LED behavior

Green circle-shaped Red circle-shaped LED xCEM-U status


LED
OFF OFF Sleep, unpowered or not
inserted
ON ON Power up self-test underway
ON OFF Module should not be removed
ON BLINK Module is partially faulty
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OFF ON Module must be removed,


alarm state, BISTs NOK
OFF BLINK Module is waiting for Boot

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Interface description
All signals to and from the xCEM-U are carried on a full duplex High Speed Serial Link
(HSSL).
The main internal signals of the xCEM-U are the base-band data, the ATM traffic
information, the timing signals, and the control signaling.

DC power
The xCEM-U is powered by a -48 V DC power supply received through the RBP.

xCEM-U benefits
The xCEM-U brings the following benefits:
• High capacity on a single board (iCEM-U capacity doubled)
• Support of R99, HSDPA and HSUPA on a single board
• Support of six cells and two frequencies
• High flexibility in board configuration
• Allocation of HSPA baseband resources of different cells to different xCEM/xCEM-U
boards, even if the cells use the same carrier (up to 3 xCEM/xCEM-U per carrier)
• Future capacity increase via multi-mode BBU through optimized software
• Future proof architecture with upgrade capability towards High Speed Packet Access
+ (HSPA+) and Long Term Evolution (LTE).
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enhanced Channel Element Module-U (eCEM-U)


Main functions
The eCEM-U performs the same function as the xCEM-U.
However, it embarks hardware improvements that support the higher capacity required
for MIMO and HSPA+ features.
The eCEM-U performs the baseband radio signal processing and part of the call
processing.
The eCEM-U supports up to:
• 256 UMTS voice channels
• 128 HSPA channels
The eCEM-U performs both uplink and downlink traffic processing with both Rx and Tx
diversity with no capacity loss.
The processing function includes the following:
• Rx signal processing (de-correlation, finger processing, MRC, search,
de-multiplexing, de-interleaving and decoding)
• Tx signal processing (coding interleaving, channel multiplexing, spreading, summing
and power weighting)
The eCEM-U supports the softer handover feature across up to six sectors.
The eCEM-U also manages the traffic network interface for ATM termination and data
scheduling for the HSDPA/E-DCH support.
The eCEM-U handles call processing functions along with OAM operations.

Hardware description
The eCEM-U is composed of:
• One main board (size 389.6mm x 274.8mm)
• One front panel
All the eCEM-U interfaces are located at the rear of the module and connected to the
RBP. The front panel only includes LEDs and debug interfaces.
The following figure shows the eCEM-U front panel.
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Figure 4-7 eCEM-U front panel

Port description
The eCEM-U front panel has the following connectors:
• One Debug Ethernet connector (RJ-45 type connector) for synchronization of test
equipment (labeled “DEBUG ICU”)
• One Sync connector (RJ-45 type connector) (labeled “DEBUG BBU”)
These two RJ-45 connectors are not used in normal operation.
LED description
The eCEM-U front panel has four tri-color (green/amber/red) LEDs as illustrated in the
following figure:

Figure 4-8 eCEM-U tri-color LEDs


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The first and second LEDs (from top) are two corporate LEDs indicating the eCEM-U
board status.

Table 4-3 eCEM-U corporate LEDs behavior

First LED (from top) Second LED (from top) eCEM-U status
OFF OFF Sleep, unpowered or not
inserted
Red Green Power up self-test underway
OFF Green Module should not be removed.
Red blinking Green Module is partially faulty.
Red OFF Module must be removed,
alarm state, BISTs NOK.
Red blinking OFF Module is waiting for Boot.

The third LED (from top) indicates the type of software running in the eCEM-U board:
• LTE (green)
• UMTS (amber)
The fourth LED (from top) is not used.

Interface description
All signals to and from the eCEM-U are carried on a full duplex High Speed Serial Link
(HSSL).
The main internal signals of the eCEM-U are the base-band data, the ATM traffic
information, the timing signals, and the control signaling.

DC power
The eCEM-U is powered by a –48 V DC power supply received through the RBP.

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eXtended Core Controller Module-U (xCCM-U)


Main functions
The xCCM-U is an enhanced version of the iCCM-U. It provides increased processing
capabilities to adapt the Node B to the evolution of the last mile connectivity using
state-of-the-art hardware and software components.
The xCCM-U aggregates the following three functions:
• Core Controller (CCM) function:
– Iub interface
– Call processing
– Data switching and routing
– OAM management
– Node B frequency and timing reference
• Global Positioning System and Alarm (GPSAM) function:
– External/internal alarm connectivity
– External GPS synchronization reference interface
• Optical Interface (OIM) function:
The OIM offers the following functions:
– Six ports supporting connection of up to six radio devices (TRDU, RRH or
MC-TRX), or connection of more than six radio devices using several modules in
daisy chaining (TRDU60W variant or RRH)
– Physical interface supported by six Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP) compliant
connections: optical SFPs of Multi-Mode (MM) (850 nm) or Single-Mode (SM)
(TX 1550 nm, RX 1310 nm) type support optical fibre links.
For short intra-cabinet connections, the SFPs and fibre can be replaced by
electrical CPRI cables that plug into the SFP cage in place of the SFP.
– Support of CPRI rates 2 (1.2288 Gb/s) and 3 (2.4576 Gb/s) on all six ports. Ports
4 to 6 also support HSSL as an alternative.
See ”TRDU/RRH mixity”, “Connectivity with RRH20-21 variant of RRH device”
and “Connectivity with MC-TRX module” later in this chapter for special
considerations when using these equipments.

Hardware description
The xCCM-U is based on a mother board and a Media Dependent Adaptor (MDA),
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allowing future evolutions and support of additional backhauling options.


The following two hardware configurations are available:
• xCCM-U mother board with a E1/T1 MDA (xCCM-U-4E1)
• xCCM-U mother board with a Gigabit Ethernet (GE) MDA (xCCM-U-GE)
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The following figures show the xCCM-U front panel.

Figure 4-9 xCCM-U-4E1 configuration front panel

Figure 4-10 xCCM-U-GE configuration front panel

Port description
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The xCCM-U front panel has the following connectors:


• One GPS synchronization connector (RJ-45 female connector) (labeled "GPS")
• Six Optical SFP cages for connections to radio devices (labeled "OPTIC 1" to
"OPTIC 6")

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• One Dallas one-wire interface connector (RJ-45 female connector) for internal Node
B/external Node B alarm and commissioning (labeled "ALARM")
• One timing reference port (10 MHz output reference clock - SMB female connector)
(labeled "REF OUT")
• One fast Ethernet 10/100Base-T port (RJ-45 female connector) used for TIL
connection or SiteLAN (labeled "PORT 1")
Note: To connect a local terminal, if SiteLAN is used, it must be disconnected. An
alternative solution is to use an Ethernet hub.
Note: To use this port for FE IUB connection, an Ethernet isolator must be connected
in the line.
• One Fast Ethernet 10/100Base-T port (RJ-45 female connector labeled "PORT 2")
used for management of co-located OEM devices, such as tilt antenna, or for
Hybrid-Iub connectivity
Note: this port can only be used if the card is equipped with MDA E1/T1. If the card
is equipped with MDA-GE port 2 cannot be used.
• One 4-E1/T1 connector (26-pin High Density D-SUB female connector) used for
E1/T1 connection (labeled "PCM E1/T1")
• One 4-E1/T1 connector (25-pin D-SUB female connector) used for E1/T1 connection
(labeled "MDA") when the MDA E1/T1 is plugged in.
• Two SFP cages (1000BaseX) and one RJ45 (10/100/1000Base-T) connector for two
Ethernet physical ports when the MDA GE is plugged in.
Note: The second SFP and the RJ45 connector share the same Ethernet port.
Note: Only one of the three GE connectors can be used for Iub in this release.
The xCCM-U front panel also has a Reset button.
LED description
The xCCM-U front panel has the following LEDs:
• Two corporate LEDs indicating the xCCM-U status:
Table 4-4 xCCM-U corporate LEDs status

Green circle-shaped Red circle-shaped LED xCCM-U status


LED
OFF OFF BISTs results NOK, unpowered
or not inserted
ON ON Starting, BISTs in progress
ON OFF Module is OK and should not
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be removed
BLINK Not significant Downloading in progress

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Table 4-4 xCCM-U corporate LEDs status (continued)

Green circle-shaped Red circle-shaped LED xCCM-U status


LED
OFF BLINK Module is waiting for Boot (all
the Boot level 2 are invalid) or
Boot level 2 is in failure
OFF ON Module is NOK and must be
removed and replaced

• Four tri-color SYNC status LEDs (green, red or amber) indicating:


– PCM number (1 to 4) as synchronization source (green LED)
– Holdover mode (radio synchro) (all LEDs red)
– GPS as synchronization source (all LEDs green)
– MDA synchronization source (amber LED)
– IEEE 1588v2 Precision Time Protocol (PTP) synchronization source (LEDs one
and four green)
– Network synchro NOK (holdover mode and synchronization source blink
alternatively)
• Four tri-color PCM status LEDs (green, red or amber) indicating:
– Link OK (green)
– Link showing an alarm (red)
– Link in tri-state (amber)
– Link not used (off)
– Link in loopback test (blinking)
• Four tri-color MDA status LEDs (green, red or amber) which indication depends on
the xCCM-U hardware configuration:
For the xCCM-U-4E1 hardware configuration:
– Link OK (green)
– Link showing an alarm (red)
– Link in tri-state (amber)
– Link not used (off)
– Link in loopback test (blinking)
For the xCCM-U-GE hardware configuration, the tri-color LEDs one, two and three
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are dedicated to the three GE ports (the LED four is not used):
– The port is not configured (off)
– The port is configured and is well-connected (green)

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– The port is configured and there is a problem on the connection (amber)
– The port is configured but not selected by the software in case of
multi-configuration (red)
• One bi-color LED (green or red) indicating the Activity status of the board
• On each Ethernet port:
– One green LED indicating the Ethernet Link status
– One amber LED indicating the Ethernet Rx/Tx activity

Interface description
The xCCM-U is linked with each xCEM-U/eCEM-U by a point-to-point HSSL
connection.
Three CPRI interfaces link the xCCM-U to TRDU or RRH radio equipment
Three CPRI/HSSL interfaces link the xCCM-U to TRDU, RRH or MCTRX radio
equipment.
The xCCM-U provides Iub over PCM through the following combination:
• 4 E1/T1 connections on the xCCM-U module.
• 4 E1/T1 connections on the MDA E1/T1
The xCCM-U provides Hybrid-Iub IP connection through one of the following options:
• Optical GE via one SFP GE port of the MDA GE
• Electrical GE via the RJ45 connector on the MDA GE
• FE via Port 2 of the xCCM-U, using an Ethernet isolator in the line

DC power
The xCCM-U is powered by a – 48 VDC power supply received through the RBP.
The xCCM-U is protected against polarity inversion.

TRDU/RRH mixity
Note: Within a cluster, TRDU/RRH module type must be homogeneous (eg:
3 x TRDU60-21, or 3 x TRDU60-21B, but not 2 x TRDU60-21 + TRDU60-21B).
Between two clusters, different TRDU/RRH module types can be used (some
examples are: 3 x TRDU60-21 + 3 x TRDU40W, or 3 x TRDU60W + 3 x RRH, or 3
x TRDU60-21 + 3 x TRDU60-21B, ...).
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The xCCM-U front panel provides connectivity for six CPRI cables:
• Up to six TRDUs can be connected (electrical connections).
• For higher sectorization (three local sectors and three remote sectors), it is also
possible to connect up to three TRDUs and three RRHs (in a two-carrier configuration
maximum).
In this mixity case, the connections (electrical for TRDUs, optical for RRHs) must be
done according to the following figure.

Figure 4-11 TRDU/RRH mixity support on xCCM-U board

The SFP cages supporting the connection with the RRHs must be equipped with optical
transceivers. These optical transceivers must be provisioned according to the optical
interface available on the RRH (Multi-Mode (MM) or Single-Mode (SM), dual or single
fiber).
The distance between the Node B and the RRH determines the optical mode (MM or
SM):
• MM dual fiber is used for short distance (up to 500 m): one fiber carries the downlink
signal and a second one the uplink signal.
• SM single fiber is used for long distance (up to 20 km): one single fiber carries both
downlink and uplink signals using separate wavelength.
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• SM dual fiber is used for long distance (up to 20 km): one fiber carries the downlink
signal and a second one the uplink signal.

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Connectivity with RRH20-21 variant of RRH device
The connection of RRH20-21 devices (only supporting HSSL interface) to the xCCM-U
module requires the following three ports to be used on the xCCM-U front panel:
• Optical port 4, for connection to the RRH20-21 number 1
• Optical port 5, for connection to the RRH20-21 number 2
• Optical port 6, for connection to the RRH20-21 number 3

Figure 4-12 RRH20-21 connection on d2U

Nevertheless, on the TIL or at WMS level, the three RRHs appear as if they were
connected on optical ports 1, 2 and 3.
At WMS level, the RRHs must be declared as follows: antennaConnection _11 for the
first, antennaConnection _21 for the second, and antennaConnection _31 for the third
RRH. These informations are sent to the Node B in the DownLoading Unit (DLU). A
DLU parameter informs the Node B that the RRH connected is a RRH20-21 and operates
in HSSL format.
When the RRH tries to connect on the optical port of the xCCM-U (port 4, 5 or 6), the
Node B:
• Recognizes that the RRH is HSSL-compliant
• Proceeds an address translation of RRH HSSL port (41 to 11, 51 to 21, 61 to 31)
• Declares to the WMS the connection of the RRH instance 11, 21 or 31

Connectivity with MC-TRX module


CPRI links can be connected to MC-TRX modules for multi-carrier operation in the
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900 MHz band. This function can provide a mixed 2G/3G configuration in the 900 MHz
band, or a 3G configuration in both 900 MHz and 2100 MHz bands using MC-TRX and
TRDU or RRH.

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The connection of MC-TRX modules to the xCCM-U module requires the following
three ports to be used on the xCCM-U front panel:
• Optical port 4, for connection to the MC-TRX number 1
• Optical port 5, for connection to the MC-TRX number 2
• Optical port 6, for connection to the MC-TRX number 3
Optical ports one to three can be connected to 2100 MHz radio devices (TRDU or RRH).

Figure 4-13 MC-TRX connection on d2U

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enhanced Core Controller Module-U (eCCM-U)


Main functions
The eCCM-U aggregates the following three functions:
• Core Controller (CCM) function:
– Iub interface
– Call processing
– Data switching and routing
– OAM management
– Node B frequency and timing reference
• Global Positioning System and Alarm (GPSAM) function:
– External/internal alarm connectivity
– External GPS synchronization reference interface
– Integrated GPS receiver (optional)
• Optical Interface (OIM) function:
– Six ports support connection of up to six radio devices (TRDU, RRH, MC-TRX),
or connection of more than six radio devices using several modules in daisy
chaining (TRDU60W variant or RRH)
– Physical interface supported by six Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP) compliant
connections: optical SFPs of Multi-Mode (MM) (850 nm) or Single-Mode (SM)
(TX 1550 nm, RX 1310 nm) type support optical fibre links.
For short intra-cabinet connections, the SFPs and fibre can be replaced by
electrical CPRI cables that plug directly into the SFP cage in place of the SFP.
– Support of CPRI rates 2 (1.2288 Gb/s) and 3 (2.4576 Gb/s) on all six optical ports.
Optical ports 4 to 6 also support HSSL as an alternative.
See “Connectivity with MC-TRX module” later in this chapter for special
considerations when using this equipment.

Hardware description
The eCCM-U is based on a motherboard and a Media Dependent Adaptor (MDA).
The following two hardware configurations are available:
• eCCM-U motherboard with a E1/T1 MDA (eCCM-U-4E1)
• eCCM-U motherboard with a Gigabit Ethernet (GE) MDA (eCCM-U-GE)
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The following figures show the eCCM-U front panel:

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Figure 4-14 eCCM-U-4E1 configuration front panel

Figure 4-15 eCCM-U-GE configuration front panel

Port description
The eCCM-U front panel has the following connectors:
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• One GPS synchronization port (RJ-45 female connector) used for connecting a PPS
source from an external GPS receiver (labeled “GPS”)
• Six SFP cages used for connections to radio modules (labeled “OPTIC 1”,
“OPTIC 2”, “OPTIC 3”, “OPTIC 4”, “OPTIC 5”, “OPTIC 6”)

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These ports support the following protocols:
– Ports one, two and three support CPRI at rates 2 (1.2288 Gb/s) and 3
(2.4576 Gb/s)
– Ports four, five and six support CPRI at rates 2 (1.2288 Gb/s) and 3 (2.4576 Gb/s)
or HSSL.
• One Dallas one-wire interface connector (RJ-45 female connector) for
internal/external alarm module connectivity and commissioning (labeled “ALARM”)
• One dual SMB female connector providing:
– One 10/15 MHz input synchronization clock (labeled "IN")
– One 10/15 MHz output clock used for inter-rack synchronization (labeled "REF
OUT")
• One port (RJ-45 female connector) used for TIL connection or SiteLAN (labeled
“PORT 1”)
• One Fast Ethernet 10/100/1000Base-T port (RJ-45 female connector labeled
"PORT 2") used for management of collocated OEM devices, such as tilt antenna, or
for Hybrid-Iub connectivity
Note: if the eCCM-U is equipped with MDA E1/T1, only rates up to 100 FE are
supported on the port.
Note: this port can only be used for Iub if the card is equipped with MDA E1/T1. If
the card is equipped with MDA GE port 2 cannot be used for Iub.
Note: an Ethernet isolator must not be connected in the line, unlike the xCCM-U.
• One 4-E1/T1 connector (26-pin High Density D-SUB female connector) used for
E1/T1 connection (labeled “PCM E1/T1”)
• One 4-E1/T1 connector (25-pin D-SUB female connector) used for E1/T1 connection
(labeled "MDA") when the MDA E1/T1 is plugged in.
• Two SFP cages (1000BaseX) and one RJ-45 (100/1000Base-T) connector for two
Ethernet physical ports when the MDA GE is plugged (used for Hybrid IP or Native
IP Iub connectivity).
Note: The second SFP and the RJ-45 connector share the same Ethernet port.
Note: Only one of the three GE connectors can be used for Iub in this release.
The eCCM-U front panel also has one Reset button.
LED description
The eCCM-U front panel has four groups of four tri-color LEDs (green, red or amber) as
illustrated in the following figure.
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Figure 4-16 eCCM-U tri-color LEDs

• Four tri-color CMA LEDs indicating:


Board activity status (LED 1):
– Active (green)
– Passive (red)
Technology (LED 2):
– LTE (green)
– UMTS (amber)
– Board configuration set to LTE by the OAM not consistent with the DIP switch
position set to UMTS (blinking green; in future release)
– Board configuration set to UMTS by the OAM not consistent with the DIP switch
position set to LTE (blinking amber; in future release)
Corporate LEDs (LED 3 and LED 4):
– LED 3 green and LED 4 OFF: module is OK.
– LED 3 OFF and LED 4 red: module is NOK and must be replaced.
– LED 3 blinking green and LED 4 OFF: downloading in progress
– LED 3 green and LED 4 red: starting, BISTs in progress
– LED 3 green and LED 4 blinking red: module partially in fault
• Four tri-color SYNC LEDs indicating:
– PCM 1, PCM 2, PCM 3 or PCM 4 used as synchronization source (LED 1,
LED 2, LED 3 or LED 4 green)
– Holdover mode (all LEDs red)
– GPS synchronization source (all LEDs green)
– MDA GE port 1, 2 or 3 used as Synchronous Ethernet source (LED 1, LED 2 or
LED 3 amber)
– IEEE 1588v2 Precision Time Protocol (PTP) synchronization source (LED 1 and
LED 4 green for PTP primary; LED 1 and LED 4 amber for PTP secondary)
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• Four tri-color MDA LEDs which indication depends on the eCCM-U hardware
configuration:

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For the eCCM-U-4E1 hardware configuration:
– Link OK (green)
– Link showing an alarm (red)
– Link in tri-state (amber)
– Link not used (OFF)
– Link in loopback test (blinking)
For the eCCM-U-GE hardware configuration, the tri-color LEDs one, two and three
are dedicated to the three GE ports (the LED four is not used):
– The port is not configured (OFF)
– The port is configured and is well-connected (green)
– The port is configured and there is a problem on the connection (amber)
– The port is configured but not selected by the software in case of
multi-configuration (red)
• Four tri-color PCM LEDs indicating:
– Link OK (green)
– Link showing an alarm (red)
– Link in tri-state (amber)
– Link not used (off)
– Link in Loopback Test (blinking)
In addition to the CMA/SYNC/MDA/PCM tri-color LEDs, the eCCM-U has two LEDs
on each Ethernet port:
• Ethernet Link status (green LED)
• Ethernet Rx/Tx activity (yellow LED)

Interface description
The eCCM-U is linked with each xCEM-U/eCEM-U by a point-to-point HSSL
connection.
Three CPRI interfaces link the eCCM-U to TRDU or RRH radio equipment
Three CPRI/HSSL interfaces link the eCCM-U to TRDU, RRH or MCTRX radio
equipment.
The eCCM-U provides Iub over PCM through the following combination:
• 4 E1/T1 connections on the eCCM-U module
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• 4 E1/T1 connections on the MDA E1/T1.

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The eCCM-U provides an Iub IP connection through one of the following options:
• Optical GE via one SFP GE port of the MDA GE
• Electrical GE via the RJ45 connector on the MDA GE
• FE via Port 2 of the eCCM-U if MDA GE is not used.

DC power
The eCCM-U is powered by a – 48 VDC power supply received through the RBP.
The eCCM-U is protected against polarity inversion.

Connectivity with MC-TRX module


CPRI links can be connected to MC-TRX modules for multi-carrier operation in the
900 MHz band. This function can provide a mixed 2G/3G configuration in the 900 MHz
band, or a 3G configuration in both 900 MHz and 2100 MHz bands using MC-TRX and
TRDU or RRH.
The following three ports must be used on the eCCM-U front panel for connection to
MC-TRX modules :
• Optical port 4, for connection to the MC-TRX number 1
• Optical port 5, for connection to the MC-TRX number 2
• Optical port 6, for connection to the MC-TRX number 3
Optical ports one to three can be connected to 2100 MHz radio devices (TRDU or RRH).

Figure 4-17 MC-TRX connection on d2U

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d2U fan tray (48V)


Introduction
The fan tray is located on the right hand side of the d2U.
The fan tray includes the following equipment:
• The front RUC
• The back RUC
• Two fans (for digital modules cooling)
• A power bus bar
• Two capacitors (for filtering)
The following figure shows a global view of the fan tray.

Figure 4-18 Fan tray view


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Operating principle
The cooling air paths through the digital shelf operate as follows:
• The air enters on the right side of the digital shelf.
• The air is drawn through the digital shelf to cool the digital modules.
• The air is exhausted from the left side of the digital shelf.
The following figure illustrates the air flow paths through the d2U shelf.

Figure 4-19 d2U air flow paths

Fans DC power
The two fans are power-supplied through the power connector located on the RUC front
panel.

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PRELIMINARY 9944 Smart S8K hardware description Rack User Commissioning module (RUC for d2U (V2/V3))
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Rack User Commissioning module (RUC for d2U (V2/V3))


Main functions
The RUC module is located on the right hand side of the digital shelf.
The RUC module (front and back) provides the following functions:
• Power filtering
• Current limitation
• Commissioning*
• Inventory
• Fan alarms, control and power supply
• –48 V DC connectivity
The back RUC is designed to allow the power supply of the following modules:
• Up to three xCEM-U/eCEM-U (through the RBP)
• One xCCM-U/eCCM-U (through the RBP)
• Two fans
• One RBP
The global powering of these modules can be switched on/off using an electronic switch
located on the back RUC, which is remotely driven by an ON/OFF mechanical power
switch located on the RUC module front panel.
* Commissioning : Except for S8K/S18K equipment, where commissioning storage is
supported in the OUTAL-C, not the RUC.

Hardware description
The following figure shows the RUC module front panel.
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Figure 4-20 RUC module front panel

The front panel of the RUC module has:


• Two RJ-45 type connectors labeled "ALARM/INT" used for:
– Connection to the "ALARM" connector of the OUTAL-C board (Dallas one-wire)
– Connection to the "J3A ALARM IN" connector of the TRCU module (Dallas
one-wire)
• One power connector labeled "POWER DC -48V" used to power-supply:
– The two fans
– The xCCM-U/eCCM-U and xCEM-U/eCEM-U modules via the RBP
• One power switch labeled "POWER SWITCH"

DC power
The RUC module is powered with external –48 V DC.
The power consumption (including the fans power consumption) is estimated at 10 W.
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Physical characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K digital modules


Overview
The following table lists the dimensions and weight of the modules housed in the 9944
Smart S8K rack of the 9944 Smart S8K.

Table 4-5 d2U rack modules - dimensions and weight

Module Qty Width (mm) Height Depth (mm) Weight (kg)


(mm)
xCCM-U/ 1 412 21 275 1.1
eCCM-U
xCEM-U/ Up to 3 412 21 275 1.2 (per unit)
eCEM-U
Fan rack 1 40 88 275 0.6
d2U subrack 1 482.6 88 300 5.4
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9944 Smart S8K radio modules

Overview
Purpose
This section describes the 3G radio modules housed in the 9944 Smart S8K.

Contents

Radio modules presentation 4-38


Transmitter Receiver Duplexer Unit (TRDU) 4-41
TRDU InterCOnnection (TRDU ICO) module 4-47
TRDU sub-rack Cooling Unit (TRCU) 4-49
Physical characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K radio modules 4-51
Multi-Carrier TRX900 (MC-TRX) 4-52
MC-TRX physical characteristics 4-58

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Radio modules presentation


TRDU sub-rack
The radio part of the 9944 Smart S8K is the TRDU sub-rack. It can house the following
modules:
• Up to six TRDU modules (three TRDU modules in the basic configuration)
• Up to two TRDU ICO modules (one TRDU ICO module and one TRDU ICO filler in
the basic configuration)
• One TRDU sub-rack Cooling Unit (TRCU)
Important! Mixity restriction: TRDU model mixity is not allowed within a cluster.
The TRDU sub-rack consists of up to six TRDU modules maximum.
Each part (left or right) of the sub-rack includes three modules of the same type and same
power for TRDU mixity and TRDU power mixity (eg: 3 x TRU60-21, or 3 x
TRDU60-21B, but not 2 x TRDU60-21 and 1 x TRDU60-21B,).
A group of three modules is assigned to a first sector and the three other modules group is
assigned to a second sector (for example, S1: 3 x TRDU60-21, S2: 3 x TRDU60-21B).
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The following figure shows an outside view of the TRDU sub-rack with one TRDU ICO
module inserted.

Figure 4-21 Outside view of the TRDU sub-rack

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The following figure shows a front view of the TRDU sub-rack fully equipped with six
TRDUs, two TRDU ICO modules and one TRCU.

Figure 4-22 Front view of the TRDU sub-rack (fully equipped)


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Transmitter Receiver Duplexer Unit (TRDU)


Introduction
The TRDU module is a complete UMTS Radio Equipment designed to operate in the full
UMTS FDD band I (2100/1900 MHz band). It manages functionalities between base
band CPRI interface and Radio Frequency (RF) air interface.
The 9944 Smart S8K is equipped with the TRDU60-21 (or TRDU60-21B variant, only
available on certain systems), that delivers 60W nominal composite output power at
module level, and supports up to four adjacent frequency carriers at 20 MHz
instantaneous bandwidth:
• 60W x 1 frequency carrier
• 30W x 2 frequency carriers
• 20W x 3 frequency carriers
• 15W x 4 frequency carriers

Main functions
The TRDU module integrates the following three functions in a single module:
• Transceiver
• Multi-carrier power amplifier
• Duplexer/filter
The TRDU60–21 or TRDU60-21B module can manage up to four adjacent carriers in
UMTS Band I (2110-2170 MHz in downlink; 1920-1980 MHz in uplink) with the
following characteristics:
• Downlink: one transmit chain supporting up to four adjacent UMTS carriers (carrier
spacing between 4.6 MHz and 5.2 MHz)
• Uplink: dual receive chain in a main/diversity arrangement supporting four adjacent
carriers
RF air interface is supported through two antenna connections:
• One duplexed antenna connection supporting transmit and receive main paths
(Antenna Main)
• One single antenna connection supporting receive diversity path (Antenna Div).
Base band interface is supported through:
• TRDU60-21 or TRDU60-21B: two CPRI links, support of CPRI rate 2 (1.2288 Gbps)
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and CPRI rate 3 (2.45 Gbps) for daisy chaining or, in a future use, dual slave (UMTS
+ LTE) connection
The TRDU module includes a DC/DC converter for the -48 V DC power supply
conversion.
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The TRDU module incorporates a Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) meter to
monitor RF mismatching between antenna and TRDU main antenna connection. This
VSWR meter monitors Return loss at antenna main port connection. Two VSWR
thresholds are monitored, corresponding to two alarm levels reported on CPRI interface.
The TRDU module also provides an Antenna Interface Standard Group (AISG)
functionality.
The following figure illustrates the internal architecture of the TRDU module.

Figure 4-23 TRDU internal architecture

The TRDU module can be used in different modes regarding antenna system, depending
on Tower Mounted Amplifier (TMA) use and/or AISG Antenna Line Device (ALD) use:
• No TMA mode
Antenna outputs and antenna(s) are directly connected through RF feeders.
• TMA mode
An additional amplifier is added on each antenna branch in order to compensate
feeder loss on uplink path.
Two sub-modes with TMA can be used:
– TMA UMTS mode: in this mode, the TMA is powered and monitored from the
TRDU module.
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– TMA Mix mode: in this mode, the TRDU module manages only extra gain on
uplink paths introduced by the TMA. This mode can be used in case of antenna
sharing with another system (the TMA is powered and monitored from this
system), or in case of AISG TMA (the TMA is powered and monitored by the
AISG primary device).
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Hardware description
The TRDU60 module is designed as a standalone unit, mounted in a closed metal housing
fitted with a heat sink. It provides two RF coaxial antenna connections, a CPRI input for
connection to the xCCM-U/eCCM-U module, and a CPRI output for daisy chaining or, in
a future use, dual slave (UMTS and LTE).
The following figure shows the TRDU60–21 front panel.

Figure 4-24 TRDU60–21 front panel

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The following figure shows the TRDU60–21B front panel.

Figure 4-25 TRDU60–21B front panel

Connectors
The TRDU60–21 and TRDU60-21B front panel provide the following connectors:
• One RF Antenna Main port (7/16 female connector) used for duplexed transmit and
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receive connection (labeled "TX/RX")


• One RF Antenna Div port (7/16 female connector) used for single receive connection
(labeled "RX")
• Six unused connectors (RX repeaters div input, RX repeaters main input, RX sample
div output, RX sample main output, TX sample output, TX repeater output)
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• One DC power input (3-pin Mini Fit Jr. connector) used for TRDU -48 V DC power
supply (labeled "POWER IN")
• One CPRI input used for connection to xCCM-U/eCCM-U (labeled "DATA I/O
SLAVE")
• One CPRI output used for daisy chaining or, in a future use, dual slave (UMTS +
LTE) (labeled "DATA I/O MASTER")
• One Ethernet connector (RJ-45 type connector) used for debug activities (labeled
"ETHERNET")
• One AISG input (9-pin D-SUB male connector with female screw locks) used for
connection to AISG RS485/DC line bus from AISG primary device (labeled "AISG
IN")
LEDs behavior
The TRDU60–21 and TRDU60-21B front panel have two circle-shaped LEDs indicating
the TRDU status.

Table 4-6 TRDU LEDs behavior

Green circle-shaped Red circle-shaped LED TRDU status


LED
OFF OFF TRDU not powered
ON ON TRDU starting, BISTs in
progress
ON OFF TRDU is OK, should not be
removed, TRDU is radiating
RF power
ON BLINK TRDU is OK, TRDU is ready
to radiate RF power (waiting
for CCM configuration, no RF
power).
OFF ON TRDU is NOK, must be
removed and replaced
OFF BLINK TRDU is waiting for Bootp (all
the Boot Level 2 are unvalid) or
Boot Level 2 is in failure
BLINK Not significant Downloading in progress
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In addition, the TRDU60-21B variant front panel has two circle-shaped LEDs indicating
the two CPRI links status.

Table 4-7 CPRI LEDs behavior

Green circle-shaped LED TRDU status


OFF Not connected
ON Connected and CPRI OK
BLINK Connected but CPRI not OK
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TRDU InterCOnnection (TRDU ICO) module


Introduction
The 9944 Smart S8K basic configuration hosts one TRDU ICO module.
If more than three TRDUs are used, the TRDU sub-rack houses two TRDU ICO modules
(TRDU ICO 1 and TRDU ICO 2).

Main functions
The TRDU ICO module is used to power-supply the following equipment:
• Up to three TRDU modules
• The TRDU sub-rack Cooling Unit (TRCU)
• A user optional equipment (such as the CCU for RETA)
The TRDU ICO module distributes -48 V DC power. It contains a thermal switch that
prevents the power supply of the TRDUs if the temperature is below -5°C.

Hardware description
The TRDU ICO module is powered from the PSU.
All the interfaces are accessible from the front panel of the TRDU ICO module.
The following figure shows the front panel of the TRDU ICO module.

Figure 4-26 Front panel of the TRDU ICO module

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The front panel of the TRDU ICO module provides:
• One Mini-Fit Sr. input power connector ("PWR IN") used for connection to the PSU
• Three 1-row/3-way Mini Fit Jr. output power connectors ("J3 TRDU1/4", "J4
TRDU2/5", "J5 TRDU3/6") used for power distribution to the TRDUs
• One 1-row/3-way Mini Fit Jr. output power connector ("J1 TRCU") used for power
distribution to the TRCU
Note: For a configuration including more than three TRDUs, the TRCU is
power-supplied through the TRDU ICO 1 only. The "J1 TRCU" connector of the
TRDU ICO 2 is not used.
• One 1-row/3-way Mini Fit Jr. output power connector ("J2 AUX") used for power
distribution to the CCU for RETA (or another optional equipment)
The five output power connectors are protected with individual fuses.
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TRDU sub-rack Cooling Unit (TRCU)


Introduction
The TRDU sub-rack contains a cooling unit named TRCU.

Main functions
The installed TRDU equipment is cooled by a ventilation unit named TRDU sub-rack
Cooling Unit (TRCU). It is installed at the bottom of the TRDU sub-rack and provides a
vertical air flow.

Operating principle
The cooling air paths operate as follows:
• The air enters at the bottom part of the TRDU sub-rack.
• The air is pushed through the installed TRDU equipment.
• The air is exhausted through the top of the TRDU sub-rack.

Hardware description
The TRCU is composed of the following parts:
• Three axial DC fans
• One temperature control sensor
• One Printed-Circuit Board Assembly (PCBA) for control functions, power supply and
alarm LED
The following figure shows the TRCU front panel.

Figure 4-27 TRCU front panel

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The TRCU front panel has the following connectors:
• One 1-row/3-way Mini Fit Jr. input power connector ("J2 PWR IN"), used for power
supply from the TRDU ICO module (it provides DC power for the TRCU PCBA and
the fans)
• One input internal alarm RJ-45 female connector ("J3A ALARM IN") used for
connection to the RUC module of the BBU
It provides:
– One-wire link (for inventory and alarm detection)
– Associated power distribution (5 V)
The TRCU inventory and alarms are polled by the xCCM-U/eCCM-U board. The
alarms triggered by the TRCU (xCCM-U/eCCM-U board: one-wire) are:
– Fans
– Temperature sensor failure
• One output internal alarm RJ-45 female connector ("J3B ALARM OUT") used for
connection of the optional modules of the cabinet through the Dallas one-wire bus.
• One RJ-45 connector ("J6 IHM") for debug purposes
The TRCU front panel also has one LED indicating the TRCU alarm status: the LED is
green for normal operation and turns red for a malfunction.
PRELIMINARY

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PRELIMINARY
9944 Smart S8K radio modules modules
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Physical characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K radio modules


Overview
The following table lists the dimensions and weight of the modules housed in the TRDU
sub-rack of the 9944 Smart S8K.

Table 4-8 Modules of the TRDU sub-rack - Dimensions and weight

Module name Qty Width (mm) Height Depth (mm) Weight (kg)
(mm)
TRDU60–21 Up to 6 73.7 325.6 350 8.5 (per unit)
TRDU60–21B Up to 6 73.7 325.6 350 9.5 (per unit)
TRDU ICO Up to 2 222 63.5 50 1 (per unit)
TRCU 1 444 60 350 4

PRELIMINARY

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PRELIMINARY 9944 Smart S8K hardware description Multi-Carrier TRX900 (MC-TRX)
9944 Smart S8K radio modules
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Multi-Carrier TRX900 (MC-TRX)


Introduction
Multi-carrier TRX 900 MHz (MC-TRX 900) is a product that integrates a transceiver and
one MCPA in order to support simultaneously multiple GSM 900MHz carriers, as well as
GSM and WCDMA carriers, GSM and LTE carriers, or even WCDMA and LTE carriers.
The MC-TRX 900 is a single sector 900 MHz radio module, including:
• A 900 MHz 2G/3G/LTE transceiver
• One 2G/3G/LTE Multi-Carrier Power Amplifier (MCPA)
• A 3G/LTE CPRI interface
• A 2G Modem
• A 2G interface towards 2G controller
The MC-TRX module is a complete UMTS Radio Equipment designed to operate in
UMTS FDD band VIII-35 MHz. It manages functionalities between base band Common
Public Radio Interface (CPRI) and Radio Frequency (RF) transmit and dual receive
interfaces.
MC-TRX 900 within 9100 Multi-standardBase Stations works in GSM-WCDMA MSR
(Multi-Standard Radio). This means one single MCTRX module is able to emit WCDMA
and GSM at the same time.
MC-TRX 900 operates in a reduced bandwidth down to 4.2 MHz. This allows GSM 900
MHz carriers to be closer to the UMTS signal without interfering, making better use of
the available spectrum.
Note: The MC-TRX 3G can be controlled (through CPRI links):
• by a d2U hosted in the Multi-standard cabinet,
• by a d2U located outside the Multi-standard cabinet,
• by an xCOB board hosted in a 9311 Macro Node B cabinet.

Main functions
The MC-TRX 900 module integrates the following functions into one single module:
• Transceiver
• One multi-carrier power amplifier ( MCPA)
The MC-TRX control interface is based on
PRELIMINARY

• CPRI protocol (L1/L2) over optical/electrical link between BBU and MC-TRX for 3G
application
• Original 2G interface (through backplane) between SUMX 2G application

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9944 Smart S8K radio modules
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The MC-TRX CPRI link activation/deactivation is managed by 2G system.

If the CPRI link of MC-TRX then


is activated and declared in MIB by WMS MC-TRX will work in 3G mode and be
managed by 3G system
is not activated MC-TRX work in 2G mode and is managed
by 2G chain

The following figure illustrates the internal architecture of the MC-TRX module:

Figure 4-28 MC-TRX internal architecture

RF air interface is supported through three RF connections:


• One single RFconnection supporting transmit paths (TX)
• Two single RFconnections supporting receive path (RX Main and Div).
Base band interface is supported through:

PRELIMINARY

Two CPRI links, supporting CPRI rate 2 (1.2288 Gbps) and CPRI rate 3 (2.45 Gbps)
for daisy chaining (not yet available for S8K or S18K systems) or, in a future use,
dual slave (UMTS + LTE) connection

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Hardware description
The MC-TRX module is designed as a standalone unit. It provides three RF coaxial
connections, a CPRI input for connection to the xCCM-U/eCCM-U module and a CPRI
output for daisy chaining (not yet available for S8K or S18K systems) or, in a future use,
dual slave (UMTS and LTE).
The following figure shows MC-TRX front panel

Figure 4-29 MC-TRX 900 front panel


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9944 Smart S8K radio modules
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MC-TRX connectors
The MC-TRX front panel provides the following connectors:
• One Receiver RF input (SMB connector) labeled “RX0” connected to the Antenna
Network Rx0
• One Receiver RF input (SMB connector) labeled "RX1" connected to the Antenna
Network Rx1
• One Transmitter RF output (SNAP N connector) labeled “TX” connected to the
Antenna Network TxIn
By convention, the MC-TRX 2G is connected to the Antenna Network (AGX)
TXA/RXA, the MC-TRX 3G is connected to the Antenna Network TXB/RXB.
On the Antenna Network, AntA is connected to the Antenna main, AntB connected to
the Antenna Div.

• One CPRI input (single Small Form factor Pluggable (SFP) 20-pin receptacle) used
PRELIMINARY

for connection to one of the port 4, 5, 6 of xCCM-U/eCCM-U labeled “CPRI1”


(SLAVE)
• For a future release, one CPRI inputs (single Small Form factor Pluggable (SFP)
20-pin receptacle) used for daisy chaining or dual slave (UMTS + LTE) labeled
“CPRI2” (MASTER)
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• Two Ethernet port (RJ-45 female connector) labeled ”HSE1”, “HSE2”.
• One port (RJ-45 female connector) labeled ”TEST”
MC-TRX LEDs behavior
The MC-TRX front panel has 8 bi-colored LEDs:
• 3 (Yellow/Green) are for assignment for 2G related functions and traffic ( labeled
“I1”, “I2”, “I3”)
• 1 (Yellow/Green) for the transmission status (labeled “TX”)
• 2 (Yellow/Green) is for CPRI link status (labeled “CPRI1”, “CPRI2”)
• 1 (Green/Red) is for power/alarm status (labeled “PWR/FLT”)
• 1 (Yellow/Green) is for 3G/4G (labeled “3G/4G” )
The following figure shows the front panel LEDs of MC-TRX module

Figure 4-30 MC-TRX LEDs

The following table gives the MC-TRX LEDs management description

Table 4-9 MC-TRX LEDs management description


PRELIMINARY

LED State Meaning


I1 Assignment for 2G related functions and traffic
I2 Assignment for 2G related functions and traffic
I3 Assignment for 2G related functions and traffic

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Table 4-9 MC-TRX LEDs management description (continued)

LED State Meaning


CPRI1 Off No slave CPRI connection
Green Slave CPRI1 connection
Red No slave CPRI1 connection
CPRI2 Off No master CPRI connection
Green Master CPRI2 connection
Red No master CPRI2 connection
TX Green TX Power at antenna
Green Flashing TX Power on antenna + module transmitting a BCCH
(not relevant in 3G mono-mode)
Yellow O&M operational
PWR/FLT Green Power on and no alarm
Red Power on and HW Alarm (board is out of order)
Red Flashing Power on and non fatal HW or SW Alarm (degraded
service still available)
3G/4G Off 2G only
Green -
Green flashing -
Yellow 3G only
Yellow Flashing 2G +3G

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MC-TRX physical characteristics


MC-TRX dimensions and weight
The MC-TRX module has the following physical characteristics.

Table 4-10 MC-TRX dimensions and weight

Component Weight (kg) Height (mm) Width (mm) Depth (mm)


MC-TRX module 7.2 265 107 290

MC-TRX Consumption
The MC-TRX supports up to 3 UMTS carriers and total transmit power is 60 W (3x20
W).

Table 4-11 MC-TRX consumption

Configuration 1X20 W 1x40 W or 2x20 W 2x30 W or 3x20 W


(nb of sectors x
output power)
100 % traffic load 214 W 284 W 346 W
PRELIMINARY

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9944 Smart S8K power system
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9944 Smart S8K power system

Overview
Purpose
This section describes the power system of the 9944 Smart S8K.
It is composed of:
• A terminal box for cable entries
• The Power Supply Unit (PSU) responsible for the power system operation
• In the 9944 Smart S8K AC version, optional internal batteries

Contents

Main components of the power system 4-60


Power Supply Unit (PSU) AC 4-61
AC input Unit (ACU) 4-64
DC Distribution Unit (DDU) 4-66
Rectifier 4-68
Control Board Unit (CBU) 4-70
Physical characteristics of the power system components 4-72

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9944 Smart S8K power system
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Main components of the power system


Introduction
The 9944 Smart S8K power system is composed of a terminal box providing cable entries
for external power, the Power Supply Unit (PSU) responsible for the power system
operation, and, optionally, internal batteries.

AC terminal box
The 9944 Smart S8K AC terminal box provides cable entry for external AC power. It can
be connected to the following electrical networks (thanks to configurable AC terminal
block):
• 230V Single phase: 207–253 V AC (+/- 10%), 50 or 60 Hz (2-wire + PEG)
• 230V Three phase: 230/400V AC (+/- 10%), 50 Hz, 3-phase, Y-connected (4-wire +
PEG)

Power Supply Unit


The Power Supply Unit (PSU) is responsible for the power system operation of the 9944
Smart S8K cabinet.
The AC version of the PSU equips your 9944 Smart S8K cabinet.

Optional batteries
The 9944 Smart S8K AC cabinet can be equipped with optional long backup time internal
batteries, at the top of the cabinet, in the right hand side of the DACS.
PRELIMINARY

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9944 Smart S8K power system
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Power Supply Unit (PSU) AC


Introduction
The PSU AC is responsible for the power system operation of the 9944 Smart S8K AC
cabinet.

Hardware components
The PSU AC has the following hardware components:
• The AC input Unit (ACU), removable module installed in the PSU Shelf
The ACU includes:
– AC filtering and AC surge protection
– Three AC main breakers
– AC distribution and protection for AC devices: heater and service light +
maintenance outlet
• The PSU shelf
The PSU shelf contains AC/DC rectifiers and the integrated DC Distribution Unit
(DDU). It is a passive backplane which provides the required interconnect for the
CBU, the rectifiers, the ACU and the DDU.
• The rectifiers
The rectifiers are the AC to DC power conversion components of the PSU. Up to four
1600 W rectifiers receive AC power directly through the passive shelf distribution.
They interface with the DDU for DC output and the CBU for control.
• The rectifier fillers
The rectifier fillers are used to fill the free space of the rectifier area of the PSU.
• The Control Board Unit (CBU), embedded in the PSU shelf
The CBU controls and manages the PSU components.
• The DC Distribution Unit (DDU), embedded in the PSU Shelf
The DDU provides the DC distribution, over-current protection and output
disconnects to enable cabinet temperature and voltage management.
• Optionnaly in case of d4U use an aditionnal DC breaker panel that provides DC
distibution to d4U and/or RRH.
PRELIMINARY

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The following figure shows a front view of the PSU AC equipped with four rectifiers.

Figure 4-31 PSU AC front view

Rectifier slot assignment


Several rectifier configurations are possible. The following table indicates, for each
configuration, the number of rectifiers, the available DC Power with the indication of
redundancy, and the slot assignment of the rectifiers.

Table 4-12 Rectifier configurations

Rectifier Rectifier Available DC Power Slot assignment


configura- quantity
tion
1 1 1600 W (no redundancy) Slot 1
1+1 2 1600 W (with redundancy) Slots 1 + 3
2+1 3 3200 W (with redundancy) Slots 1 + 3 + 4
PRELIMINARY

3+1 4 4800 W (with redundancy) Slots 1 + 3 + 4 + 2

Using five rectifier units is not supported in 9944 Smart S8K cabinet. Slot 5 is equipped
with a filler.

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The following figure shows the location of the slots in the PSU AC.

Figure 4-32 PSU AC front view

PRELIMINARY

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PRELIMINARY 9944 Smart S8K hardware description AC input Unit (ACU)
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AC input Unit (ACU)


Introduction
The ACU mechanical and electrical design provides the connection of the AC mains cable
to the cabinet, a protection against over voltage and indirect lightning strikes, a protection
against EMI from internal to external cabling, injury protection and a protection against
overload and short circuit.
The ACU is part of the PSU mechanical shelf assembly.

Main functions
The ACU provides:
• AC power disconnect point for the Node B cabinet: three phases + neutral connection
• AC surge protection
• AC filtering with EMI filters
• AC main breakers
• AC connections to cabinet load
The AC inputs of ACU are connected to the AC input terminal block that provides the
connection adaptation to three different types of AC power networks (single phase,
split-phase or three-phase).
PRELIMINARY

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Hardware description
The following figure shows the ACU front panel.

Figure 4-33 ACU front panel

The ACU front panel has:


• One AC input cable for AC main connection
• Three AC main breakers (one breaker per phase):
– CB1 (20 A) for Rectifier 1 and Rectifier 2
– CB2 (20 A) for Rectifier 3
– CB3 (20 A) for Rectifier 4, Heater 1 and AC Outlet&Light
• One single RCB differential breaker 10A/30mA for both outlet and light, labeled “AC
Outlet&Light”
• Two AC single phase (PE, L, N) output connectors for heaters, labelled “Heater 1”
and “Heater 2”, protected with individual fuses (8A).
Note : The heaters for S8K equipment are not connected to these ADU heater outputs;
they are connected via the AC box (AC filters + 16A breaker).
PRELIMINARY

• One AC single phase (PE, L, N) output connectors for service light and maintenance
outlet, labelled “Outlet”, protected with 10A/30mA differential breaker.
There is no LED on the ACU front panel.

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PRELIMINARY 9944 Smart S8K hardware description DC Distribution Unit (DDU)
9944 Smart S8K power system
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DC Distribution Unit (DDU)


Introduction
The DC distribution system is designed with eight separate output connections. Each
output connection is protected by an electrical safety cut-off device which protects against
over-currents and also disconnects and isolates the connected load from the DC supply.
The DDU is part of the PSU mechanical shelf assembly.

Main functions
The DDU provides:
• Termination for seven DC load outputs, protected by breakers and with voltage and
temperature load disconnect
• A current measurement shunt, overcurrent protection and termination for a system
back-up battery plant
• A global secure disconnection threshold at 40 V DC
• Current sense (current measurement shunt and termination for battery system)

Hardware description
The following figure shows the DDU front panel.

Figure 4-34 DDU front panel


PRELIMINARY

The DDU front panel provides the following output connectors:


• One battery DC input/output (-48 V DC) connector (labeled “Battery Input”), with a
150 A circuit breaker for the protection of the battery
• Cooling1: Sub-D female output connector
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9944 Smart S8K power system
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• Cooling2: 1-row/4-way output connector
• User: 1-row/2-way output connector for connection to the optional User ICO module
• d2U V3: 1-row/2-way output connector for connection to the digital module
• SR1: 1-row/2-way output connector
• SR2: 1-row/2-way output connector
• SR3: 1-row/2-way output connector
• RRH: 1-row/4-way output connector
• Battery probe: 1-row/2-way output connector
• ALARM: 15-pin D-SUB output connector
The DDU front panel also provides eight on/off switches (for the battery input/output and
the seven DC outputs):
• Battery
• Cooling1,2
• OUTC/User
• d2U V3
• SR1
• SR2
• SR3
• RRH
There is no LED on the DDU front panel.

PRELIMINARY

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PRELIMINARY 9944 Smart S8K hardware description Rectifier
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Rectifier
Introduction
The Rectifier is a bulk power supply which converts standard AC mains power into
Safety Extra Low Voltage (SELV) -48 V nominal DC output within the PSU AC for
powering wireless Base Station equipment and optional batteries for energy backup.
The PSU AC provides from one up to four rectifiers 1600W. The deployment of those
rectifiers depends on the total power required by the configuration, and the redundancy
strategy. Unused areas are filled with one to four rectifier fillers.

Main functions
The rectifier:
• Provides a digital control interface which operates with a system controller for
enhanced overall system operation
• Contains integrated AC input filtering to meet Class B EMC requirements with
margin
• Provides a Power Factor Correction (PFC) input section to ensure compliant harmonic
emissions and operation over a broad continuous AC input voltage range
• Provides rear blind-mating interconnection for all electrical interfaces
• Provides a single isolated -48 V DC nominal SELV output rated at 1600 W continuous
output power
• Provides constant output power limiting and continuous current limiting operating
characteristics and is protected for output over current and over voltage faults

Hardware description
The following figure shows the 1600 W rectifier front panel.

Figure 4-35 Rectifier (1600 W) front panel


PRELIMINARY

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9944 Smart S8K power system
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The following figure shows the rectifier filler front panel.

Figure 4-36 Rectifier filler front panel

The rectifier has three LEDs indicating the rectifier status.

Table 4-13 Rectifier corporate LEDs behavior

Run LED Alarm Fail LED Rectifier status


(Green) LED (Red)
(Yellow)
ON OFF OFF System operating normally
ON ON OFF • Overcurrent alarm
• Communication failure
OFF ON OFF • Rectifier shutdown with recoverable fault : input
over voltage, input under voltage or temperature
over limit.
• Rectifier over loaded.
• Communication failure with CBU
• Rectifier remote disabled
OFF OFF ON • Output over voltage
• Output short circuit
• Fan failure
• Output failure due to the internal component
failure
PRELIMINARY

The rectifier front panel has no connector.


The rectifier provides rear blind-mating interconnection for all electrical interfaces.

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PRELIMINARY 9944 Smart S8K hardware description Control Board Unit (CBU)
9944 Smart S8K power system
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Control Board Unit (CBU)


Introduction
The CBU is a microprocessor-based control unit which provides the control for the PSU
as well as general alarming for Node B support equipment.

Main functions
The CBU performs the following main functions:
• Rectifier module control through a data bus (digital communication interface) for the
purposes of module alarm monitoring, output current monitoring, inventory
information gathering, and output voltage control
• Rectifier output current sharing control for enhanced system performance and rectifier
reliability
• System back-up battery management for basic features such as float voltage
temperature compensation and charge current control, and advanced features such as
battery fault detection
• System backup battery temperature measurement for one probe
• System backup battery current monitoring through a system resistive shunt
• Node B system equipment shutdown control for protection from extreme voltage or
temperature conditions
• System ambient temperature monitoring through a Local temperature measurement
• ACU or DCU module control through a data bus (digital communication interface) for
the purposes of module alarm monitoring, inventory information gathering
• Alarms communication with the Node B system controller on both open loop alarm
outputs and an IP based communication bus for future use
• Inventory communication with the Node B system controller on an IP based
communication bus (for future use)
• Local monitoring/control of the Power Supply Unit via (front keypads, LCD screen,
RJ45) a PC interface (PC communication software with Graphical User Interface,
Web browser interface)
• IP based interface for remote control (alarm & inventory monitoring and parameters
changing), for future use
• On control unit failure the system must keep running under predefined rectifiers
default voltage.
• The controller parameters are from factory loaded into the system from a single
PRELIMINARY

predetermined configuration file validated by Alcatel-Lucent. Only current limitation


and number of battery strings shall be updated on site in case that two or more battery
strings are used in parallel.

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• Advanced battery monitoring and testing without site attendance (automatic testing
with battery end of life alarm)
• Password protected operator access levels
• Alarm/event log with time and date

Hardware description
The following figure shows the CBU front panel.

Figure 4-37 CBU front panel

PRELIMINARY

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Physical characteristics of the power system components


Overview
The following table lists the dimensions and weight of the power system components.

Table 4-14 DC distribution components - dimensions and weight

Module name Width (mm) Height (mm) Depth (mm) Weight (kg)
PSU AC 483 About 178 (4U) - 21
DDU 4800W 483 175 310 11.4
(without
ancillary)
ACU 83 172 242 3.9 (with its
shielded AC
cable)
CBU 114 43 249 0.75
Rectifier 1600W 114 43 249 1.4
Rectifier filler 114 43 53 0.25
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PRELIMINARY
9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system
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9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system

Overview
Purpose
This section describes the cooling and heating system of the 9944 Smart S8K.

Contents

9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system presentation 4-74


Direct Ambient Cooling System (DACS) 4-76

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9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system
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9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system presentation


Overview
The 9944 Smart S8K equipment operates in a temperature-controlled environment. The
internal temperature of enclosures is regulated with a combination of heater, Direct
Ambient Cooling System and cooling fans.
The 9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system includes the following components:
• Cooling fans dedicated to the d2U (see “d2U fan tray (48V)” (p. 4-32))
• Cooling fans dedicated to the TRDU sub-rack (see “TRDU sub-rack Cooling Unit
(TRCU)” (p. 4-49))
• Direct Ambient Cooling System (DACS) installed at the top of the cabinet (see
“Direct Ambient Cooling System (DACS)” (p. 4-76)). Low noise or normal operation
is available.
Heating is provided by the heater if the internal air temperature is below 15°C. Above this
temperature, module cooling is provided by the fans. If the temperature increases above
40°C, the damper is opened. When the temperature rises further, the DACS fan speed
increases. The DACS transfers heat from the cabinet interior to the outside air
environment.
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9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system
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The following figure illustrates the 9944 Smart S8K air paths when the internal air
temperature above 40°C (heater off and DACS on).

Figure 4-38 9944 Smart S8K air paths

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PRELIMINARY 9944 Smart S8K hardware description Direct Ambient Cooling System (DACS)
9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system
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Direct Ambient Cooling System (DACS)


Overview
The DACS or DACS “LN” (Low Noise) is used in the 9944 Smart S8K to maintain the
correct air environment within the cabinet using fresh air cooling.
It is located in the top compartment of the cabinet. It cools the internal air by pulling fresh
air from the outside of the cabinet and extracting hot air on top of the cabinet to the
outside.
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9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system
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The following figure shows the main components of the DACS.

Figure 4-39 DACS main components

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9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system
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Operating principle
The operating principle is the following:
• An air damper opens to admit external air (incoming air being filtered) and controls
the inner cabinet environment by mixing appropriate amounts of outside and
recirculated air.
• Twin blowers drive air down the rear duct and into the equipment enclosure via slots
at the rear. Returned air to the cooling system is routed through two sets of holes in
the base, with excess air being evacuated from vents located on either side of the
system.

Operational modes
The internal temperature control is achieved by a high quality thermistor having an
accuracy of ±0.2°C (0,36°F) between 0°C (32°F) and 70°C (158°F).This device is located
in the left hand exit duct above a hole on the duct side; the hole ensures that the
thermistor is constantly in a moving air stream, regardless of damper position. The
operational mode of the cooling system is dictated solely by the information provided by
the thermistor.
There are four operational modes:
• Low temperature –40°C (–56°F) < Tcab < 15°C (59°F) The heater is powered on, the
damper is closed to the outside and air is recirculated via the holes in the base of the
cooling system.
• Medium temperature 15°C (59°C) < Tcab < 40°C (104°F) The heater is switched off,
the damper remains closed and further heating of the equipment enclosure is achieved
solely by the internal equipment loading.
• Normal temperature Tcab = 40°C (104°F) The damper position is controlled
automatically by the modulating motor, mixing appropriate amounts of recirculated
and external air to maintain a constant temperature. Excess air is evacuated from the
cooling system from vents at either side of the cooling system.
• High temperature Tcab > 40°C (104°F) Although the damper is fully open, the cooling
system is unable to keep the cabinet temperature to 40°C (104°F) which now rises
with the external temperature. At an outside temperature of 50°C (122°F), the internal
cabinet will rise to a nominal 60°C (140°F) under fully-loaded conditions.

Alarm
The cooling system is supplied with two hard alarm outputs:
• The first alarm output signals a fault on the cooling system.
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• The second one indicates a maintenance requirement for the filter.

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9944 Smart S8K cooling and heating system
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LED
The cooling system is supplied with three alarm LEDs for on–site fault diagnostics:
• The red LED indicates a critical alarm for fan failure.
• The yellow LED indicates a critical alarm for heater circuit failure.
• The green LED indicates a maintenance alarm for a clogged filter.
On the top of the cooling system, there is a window in the lid which allows the user to
view the LEDs. The LEDs are normally lit when healthy and off on alarm.

Powering
The cooling system is DC-powered, which allows internal or external battery back–up.
The DC power consumption of the cooling system is 400–450 W. The cold start–up
performance of the unit is controlled by an built–in AC to DC converter (for operation of
the fans) and by a 2.5 kW heating element.

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PRELIMINARY 9944 Smart S8K hardware description Overview
9944 Smart S8K other equipment
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9944 Smart S8K other equipment

Overview
Purpose
This section describes the other equipment of the 9944 Smart S8K.
It is not an exhaustive list of all other items: in particular, this section does not provide
information on cables kits and installation sets (ancillaries).
All the equipment described in this section are optional equipment, except the mandatory
OUTAL-C board.

Contents

OUTdoor ALarm board Converged (OUTAL-C) 4-81


PCM Lightning Protection (LPPCM) module 4-83
AISG Tower Mounted Amplifier (AISG TMA) 4-84
Remote Electrical Tilt Automatic (RETA) 4-86
Physical characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K other equipment 4-90
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9944 Smart S8K hardware description OUTdoor ALarm board Converged (OUTAL-C)

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OUTdoor ALarm board Converged (OUTAL-C)


Main functions
The OUTAL C board is added in the cabinet design to allow WCDMA (through the CCM
module) and GSM (through the SUMx module) hybrid systems to collect cabinet alarms.
The alarms can be monitored by each system alone or by both systems.
The OUTAL C is powered by SUMx and/or CCM module through +5V BCB or +5V
Dallas.
The OUTAL C collects the following alarms:
• USER alarms (from existing cabinet): 6 User alarms for S8K equipment and 4 User
alarms for S18K equipment.
• External alarms (from existing cabinet): 3 external alarms
• Alarms specific to S8K equipment : power system alarms from MPS, cabinet alarms
(door, cooling system (DACS and clogged filter))
• Alarms specific to S18K equipment through the Dallas master board: heater alarms,
power system alarms, cabinet alarms (door, cooling system (DACS and clogged
filter))
These alarms are sent to WCDMA system through the Dallas 1-wire bus and to GSM
system through the BCB bus.
The OUTAL C is in charge of commissioning/inventory data storage :
• WCDMA Commissioning data storage.
• GSM BTS Remote Inventory storage.
The OUTAL C is also in charge of GSM Abis physical connection (up to 4 PCM). It
includes also PCM surge protection and optional 75 Ohms impedance adaptation.

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Hardware description
The following figure shows the front panel of the OUTAL-C board.

Figure 4-40 OUTAL C board front panel


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9944 Smart S8K hardware description PCM Lightning Protection (LPPCM) module

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PCM Lightning Protection (LPPCM) module


Introduction
The LPPCM module is located above the d2U shelf.

Main functions
The LPPCM module provides lightning protection for up to eight PCM links.

Hardware description
The following figure shows the front panel of the LPPCM module.

Figure 4-41 Front panel of the LPPCM module

The front panel of the LPPCM module has the following connectors:
• Two 37-pin D-SUB female connectors (labeled "PCM Out") to connect the module to
the xCCM-U/eCCM-U
Note: The right-hand connector labeled "PCM Out" is not used.
• One 37-pin D-SUB female connector (labeled "PCM In") for PCM connection to the
customer DDF (through the W-CDMA bulkhead)
• Two Internal Alarm Bus 9-pin D-SUB female and male connectors (labeled "OUT"
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and "IN") to connect the alarm bus cable


• One ground bolt (labeled "GND")

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PRELIMINARY 9944 Smart S8K hardware description AISG Tower Mounted Amplifier (AISG TMA)
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AISG Tower Mounted Amplifier (AISG TMA)


Introduction
The AISG TMA is used if the cable length between the cabinet and the associated antenna
is long.
The AISG TMA is mounted as close as possible to the antenna.

Main functions
The AISG TMA allows to decrease the overall noise level by amplifying the received RF
signal.
In UMTS 2100, the AISG TMA 2100 input/output (from the Node B) is used for
transmission and reception for main path or diversity path. One AISG TMA 2100 is used
per sector.
The AISG TMA provides an AISG feed-through feature that facilitates the
implementation of the RETA solution, eliminating the need of an extra cable between the
Node B and the antenna for carrying the RETA signals. The AISG TMA includes a
receiver amplifier on each downlink path. In addition, the AISG TMA acts as an AISG
LOC, and provides AISG RS485 connectivity to the other ALDs (mainly RET antenna).
The AISG TMA is a dual-mode TMA, that can be used:
• In AISG mode
• In standard mode
The choice between the two modes is done at OMC, through the TmaAccessType
parameter:
• TmaAccessType = tmaMix for AISG mode
• TmaAccessType = tmaUmtsonly for standard mode
The AISG TMA is managed as a passive component by the TRDU. The AISG TMA is
active in reception only.

Hardware description
The AISG TMA hardware consists of the following components:
• A pole fixing system
• An AISG TMA module
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Pole fixing system


The pole fixing system provides better security to the mast designed for one-man
easy-installation requirements, compatible with pole diameters between 48 and 110 mm.

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AISG TMA module
The AISG TMA is composed of the following devices:
• A pass-band filter
• A Low Noise Amplifier (LNA)
All the external RF connectors are standard female 7/16 connectors.
The AISG TMA provides the following connectors:
• The "ANT 0" and "ANT 1" connectors, which allow connection to the antennas (Main
and Diversity).
• The "NodeB 0" and "NodeB 1" connectors, which allow connection to the Node B.
• The AISG connector, which provides connection to the RCU through an AISG cable.

DC power
AISG TMA in non AISG mode: +12 V dual branches power supply (from TRDU antenna
connector).
AISG TMA in AISG mode: +24 V single branch power supply (from main TRDU
antenna connector) delivered by the CCU.

TMA alarms
The TMA alarms are monitored by the TRDUs. If the TMA is faulty, this is reported to
the OMC as a TRDU fault and the impacted cells are notified to the RNC.
TMA alarms in AISG mode are monitored by the AISG CCU and sent through site LAN
interface.

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PRELIMINARY 9944 Smart S8K hardware description Remote Electrical Tilt Automatic (RETA)
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Remote Electrical Tilt Automatic (RETA)


Introduction
This section describes the Alcatel-Lucent RETA solution, based on Kathrein components.

Main functions
The RETA feature allows to adjust remotely the antenna tilt from the OMC (over IP),
through the Node B.

Hardware description of the RETA system


The RETA system consists in the following devices:
• A controller, named Central Control Unit (CCU)
The CCU must be installed in the 19-inch 6U user space of the 9944 Smart S8K, and
linked to the xCCM-U/eCCM-U module via the Ethernet input.
• Motors, named Remote Control Unit (RCU), plugged on each antenna
One RCU is required per Xpolar antenna (Main and Diversity). Three RCUs are
required for a three-sector configuration.
The RCUs can be daisy-chained (typical use: two Xpolar antennas per sector with two
daisy-chained RCUs).
The CCU provides three RS485 AISG outputs to AISG antenna network via TRDU and
feeders. The RCU is connected to the AISG TMA or a smart bias tee is needed at antenna
level to connect the RCU.
In the 9944 Smart S8K, the CCU module is connected to the xCCM-U/eCCM-U module
via the Ethernet 10base T link (Site LAN).
The CCU module is powered in -48 V DC (power cable from the "J2 AUX" connector of
the TRDU ICO module).
The following figure shows the CCU front panel.

Figure 4-42 CCU front panel


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The CCU front panel provides the following connectors:
• One "ALARM INTERFACE" connector (9-pin D-SUB female connector), used for
connection to the IEAM front panel ("ALARM 2" connector) (the CCU alarms can be
collect by connection to eAMi front panel (1st external alarm RJ 45 connector))
• One "RS232" connector (9-pin D-SUB male connector), used for connection to a
modem or a laptop
• One "ETHERNET" connector (RJ-45 type connector), used for connection to the
xCCM-U/eCCM-U board ("Port 1")
• Three 8-pin circular female connectors, used for AISG connection to the TRDUs
("AISG IN" connector on TRDU front panel)
• One DC power connector, used for connection to the TRDU ICO module ("J2 AUX"
connector on TRDU ICO front panel)
• One AC power supply interface
The configuration management, fault management and control of the CCU are performed
through the IP network, enabling operation at OMC level.
The RETA option is AISG-compliant.

AISG RETA solution


The AISG RETA solution offers the capability to run the AISG signals through the
feeders and no more through an additional long AISG cable, making easier the installation
on site.
The following figure shows a three-sector configuration with TMA in AISG mode.

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Figure 4-43 AISG RETA solution

RETA kits
The proposed kits are the following:
• RETA Base AISG
This kit is mandatory regardless of the configuration requirements. It is required to
install the CCU in the 9944 Smart S8K 6U space dedicated to optional equipment. It
includes:
– One CCU module
– A complete set of items required for installing the CCU in the dedicated 6U space
– Power and interconnection cables
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– Items required for interconnection with the TRDU for a three-sector configuration
– Cables required for site LAN connection between the CCU and the
xCCM-U/eCCM-U

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This option requires the use of the following modules:
– TRDU
– AISG TMA
• RETA Line Extension
This kit allows to connect the RCU to the TMA, for a configuration with one Xpolar
antenna per sector. It includes:
– One RCU module
– One cable to connect the RCU to the TMA
One kit is required per sector. One kit is required for an omni-directional
configuration, two kits for a two-sector configuration, and three kits are required for a
three-sector configuration.

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Physical characteristics of the 9944 Smart S8K other


equipment
Overview
The following table lists the dimensions and weight of the other equipment of the 9944
Smart S8K.

Table 4-15 Optional modules - Dimensions and weight

Module Width (mm) Height (mm) Depth (mm) Weight (kg)


LPPCM 482.6 44.45 (1U) 170 <3
CCU for RETA 482.6 43.6 250 3.65
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5 Using the TIL tool
5

Overview
Purpose
This chapter describes the Local Installation Terminal (TIL).

Contents

Using the TIL tool 5-2

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PRELIMINARY Using the TIL tool Using the TIL tool

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Using the TIL tool


Introduction
The Local Installation Terminal (TIL) is an O&M onsite terminal. The TIL is used for the
installation, tests, and maintenance of the equipment described in this document.

TIL functions
The TIL provides the following functions:
• Displays the existing hardware of the equipment
• Automatically displays new hardware
• Basic maintenance and test capabilities for equipment modules
• Saves reports (alarm, test reports, etc.) on a laptop
• Retrieves the hardware and software module configuration
• Configures commissioning parameters

TIL connection to the equipment


The TIL is connected to the xCCM-U/eCCM-U module through the Ethernet connection.
Two connection modes are available from the TIL:
• Peer-to-peer connection
In this mode, the TIL is connected to the Ethernet port 1 of the xCCM-U/eCCM-U
module.
• Remote connection
In this mode, the TIL is connected to a LAN/WAN network. This connection is
available only if the equipment is integrated in the UMTS network and active (not
locked).
The connection can be checked by doing a ping [IP address] command.
For more information, see Alcatel-Lucent 9100 and 93xx Node B – Commissioning and
Fault Management User Manual: TIL, NN-20500-019. See: See: See: See: See: See:
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