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Lab Manual Internal Combustion Engines

LAB EXPERIMENT # 02

OBJECTIVE:

To recognize and analyze various components of IC Engine with respect to their


location, functioning and material configuration.

Sr. Name Location Function Material Diagram


No
1. Cylinder Integral Contain the Aluminium-Alloy,
Block part of cylinder and Grey Cast Iron
crank case contain
water jackets
for cooling
of engine

2. Cylinder Installed at It contains Steel, Grey Cast


Head the top of inlet and iron,Aluminium,alloy
cylinder exhaust
block valve.
Moreover it
contains
spark plug/
fuel
injection
3. Piston Inside the Suck and Aluminium, Alloy,
cylinder compress the steel, cast
/liner. charge and iron,chrome, Ni
receive
power
during
power
stroke.

4. Piston Mounted Serve as Cast iron


rings inside sealing in
annular case of
grooves/cut leakage of
in piston charge as a
scraper for
lubrication
oil.

Department of Mechanical Engineering


Lab Manual Internal Combustion Engines

5. Connecting Located It transmits Medium carbon steel


Rod between the
piston end reciprocating
and the motion of
crankshaft the piston
into circular
motion of
the crank
shaft.
6. Gudjen pin Mounted Transmits Steel
or wrist pin on piston motion and
power to
crankshaft.
Connect the
piston and
small end of
the
connecting
rod
7. Crankshaft Within Receive Forged steel
crankcase. oscillatory
It connect motion from
connecting connecting
rod and rod and
main shaft gives it to
main shaft in
rotary
motion ,
drive cam
shaft which
actuates
valve of
engine
8. Cam Shaft Lower It driven Forged steel
portion of from
cylinder crankshaft
head by timing
gear or
chain. it
operates
inlet and
exhaust
valve with
the help of
cam
follower,
push rod and
rocker arm.

Department of Mechanical Engineering


Lab Manual Internal Combustion Engines

9. Inlet valve Located at It allows Ni, Chrome, Alloy,


junction of fresh charge Steel
intake port to enter the
and cylinder
cylinder

10. Outlet Located at It permits Ni, Chrome, Alloy,


Valve junction of the burnt Steel
exhaust gases to
port and escape from
cylinder cylinder
head in
proper time

11. Fly Wheel Mounted Work as Cast iron


on main reservoir of
shaft the energy

12. Gas Ket Between It prevents Sheet of Copper and


cylinder leakage of Asbestos
head and any type.
cylinder Barrel and
block other
component
where
leakage of
gases or
lubricating
oil are
expected

Department of Mechanical Engineering


Lab Manual Internal Combustion Engines

13. Main Located in It function is Babbit and white


Bearings crankcase to support metal, it is alloy of
housing to the tin, copper and
support crankshaft alluminium
crankshaft

14. Carburetor Outside the Mixing air Alluminium, Alloy


cylinder and fuel in
head proper ratio
between according to
fuel pump requirement
and fuel of engine.
valve Sometime it
manifold is known as
kitchen of
engine

15. Fuel Pump Located Supply Aluminium, Alloy


between oil petrol to
tank and carburetor in
carburetor proper
amount

16. Spark Plug Located It ignites the Electrode is Ni alloy,


near top of combustion insulator is ceramic
cylinder

17. Fuel Fitted in Deliver fuel Steel


injector the in form of
cylinder fine spray
head under high
pressure

Department of Mechanical Engineering


Lab Manual Internal Combustion Engines

Tasks:

To identify the major and minor components of IC engines.

Assignment:

A number of modern engineering materials are being used by car manufacturer.


Please undertake the study of the same using internet and list down latest
materials being used by automotive industry for various engine components.

Questionnaire:

 Name of various components


 Locations
 Functioning
 Material of the components

Department of Mechanical Engineering