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Chapter Two
Topographic Surveying

Objectives:-

##  To determine accurate distance of two or more segments by ranging process.

 To conduct a survey of a small area by applying techniques of linear measurement and
also work out the area of irregular shape at the site.
Instrument Required:-
 Ranging rod
 Arrow / Peg
Theory:-
The process of determining the distance between one station to another station is termed as
Linear Measurement, i.e. at either horizontal or steeped/inclined surface. The process of
establishing or developing intermediate points between two terminal points or end points on a
straight line is known as ranging.
Procedure:-
 First ranging rods were fixed at start and end station, i.e. exactly in vertical position.
 Then another assistant was standing between (Intermediate station) start and end
station.
 The surveyors placed his eye at the near ranging rod of start station and by looking the
direction of end ranging rods.
 Then after surveyors directed the assistant to move right or left with the help of hand
sight.
 Finally, when these rods are parallel to the start and end station of rods. Now start the
measure distance by tape/chain.
 Again, above same process is repeated after while the traverse cannot complete.
 This process is done by two ways. (start-end and end- start)
 Calculate the average and error distance of two ways measurement.
 After complete measurement, Check the precision which lies in 1 in 1000.
Error = 𝐷1 – 𝐷2
𝐷 +𝐷
Average = 1 2 2
𝟏
Precision = 𝑨𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒂𝒈𝒆
𝑬𝒓𝒓𝒐𝒓

Conclusion:-
We know that direct ranging is possible only when the end stations are inter visible and indirect
ranging is done where end points are not visible and the ground is high.

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## 2.2 Theodolite Traversing

Objectives:
 To know the advantages of bearing and their use in various survey works.
 To be familiar with the checks and errors in a closed traverse and solve them.
 To be familiar with various types and methods of traverse surveying for detailing.
 To know well about the traverse computation and be fluent in it.

Instrument Required:
 Theodolite with Tripod Stand
 Tape
 Ranging rod
 Pegs and Hammer
 Prismatic Compass with Stand.

Theory:
Traversing is that type of survey in which member of connected survey lines from the frame
work and the direction and lengths of the survey lines are measured with the help of an angle
measuring instrument and a tape. When the lines form a circuit which ends at the starting points,
it is known as closed traverse. It the circuit ends else. where, it is said to be an open traverse.
The close traverse is suitable for locating the boundaries of lakes, grounds, city maps etc. and
for the survey of large areas, whereas open traverse is suitable for surveying a long narrow strip
of land as required for a road or canal or the coast line.
The main principle of traverse is that a series of the straight line are connected to each other
and the length and direction of each lines are known. The joins of two points of each lines is
known as traverse station and the angle at any station between two consecutive traverse legs is
known as traverse angle.

TheodoliteTraversing:-
Theodolite traversing is a method of establishing control points, their position being determined
by measuring the distances between the traverse stations (which serve as control points) and
the angles subtended at the various stations by their adjacent stations. The traversing in which
the length between two stations of the traverse is measured directly by chaining or taping in
the ground and angle of the station is measured by the theodolite is called theodolite traversing.

Procedure:
- First of all the traverse stations were fixed around the given area to the surveyed keeping
in the ratio of traverse legs 1:2 for major and 1:3 for minor traverse. The stations were
chosen in this place where instrument is easy to setup.
- Measurement of the horizontal distance between one station to another station by using
the tape. And also measure the nearby permanent structure for reference when
unfortunately traverse station is missing.
- Now, with the help of theodolite two sets of horizontal angle between the traverse legs
were measured. i.e. face left and face right.
- The height of the instrument in every set up of theodolite was also measured.
- With the help of prismatic compass, magnetic bearing of one traverse line was
measured.

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## Norms (Technical specifications):

 Conduct reconnaissance survey of the given area. Form a close traverse (major and
minor) around the perimeter of the area by making traverse station. In the selection of
the traverse station maintain the ratio of maximum traverse leg to minimum traverse
leg less than 1:2for major traverse.
 Measure the traverse legs in the forward and reverse directions by means of a tape
calibrated against the standard length provided in the field, note that discrepancy
between forward and backward measurements should be better than 1:2000.
 Measure traverse angle on two sets of reading by theodolite. Note that difference
between the mean angles of two sets reading should be within the square root of no of
station times least count of the instrument.
 Determine the R.L. of traverse stations by fly leveling from the given B.M. Perform
two-peg test before the start of fly leveling. Note that collimation error should be less
than 1:10000.
 Maintain equal fore sight and back sight distances to eliminate collimation error. R.L.
of .B.M is 1336
 The Permissible error for fly leveling is (±25√k) mm
 Balance the traverse. The permissible angular error for the sum of interior angles of the
traverse should be less than±√n x 1 minutes for Major Traverse ±√n x 1.5 minutes for
Minor Traverse (n = no. of traverse station).
 For major and minor traverse the relative closing error should be less than 1: 2000
and1: 1000 respectively.
 Plot the traverse stations by coordinate method in appropriate scale, i.e. 1:1000 for
major traverse and 1:500 for minor traverses.

2.3 Methodology:

The methodology of surveying is based on the principle of surveying. They are as follows:
1. Working from whole to part.
2. Independent check.
3. Consistency of work
4. Accuracy Required
The different methodologies were used in surveying to solve the problems arise in the field.
These methodologies are as follows:
a) Reconnaissance (recci):
Reconnaissance (recci) means the exploration or scouting of an area. In survey, it involves
walking around the survey area and roughly planning the number of stations and the position
of the traverse stations. Recci is primarily done to get an overall idea of the site. This helps to
make the necessary observations regarding the total area, type of land, topography, vegetation,
climate, geology and indivisibility conditions that help in detailed planning.
The following points have to be taken into consideration for fixing traverse stations:
 The adjacent stations should be clearly inter visible.
 The whole area should include the least number of stations possible.
 The traverse station should maintain the ratio of maximum traverse leg to minimum
traverse leg less than 1:2 for Major Traverse and 1:3 for Minor Traverse.
 The steep slopes and badly broken ground should be avoided as far as possible, which
may cause inaccuracy in tapping.
 The stations should provide minimum level surface required for setting up
the instrument.

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

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 The traverse line of sight should not be near the ground level to avoid the refraction.
Taking the above given points into consideration, the traverse stations were fixed. Then two
way taping was done for each traverse leg. Thus, permanent fixing of the control points
completes reconnaissance.
b) Traversing:
Traversing is a type of surveying in which a number of connected survey lines form the
framework. It is also a method of control surveying. The survey consists of the measurement
of
 Angles between successive lines or bearings of each line.
 The length of each line.
There are two types of traverse. They are as follows:
(i) Closed traverse:
If the figure formed by the lines closes at a station i.e. if they form
a polygon or it starts and finishes at the points of known co-
ordinatesthen the traverse is called closed traverse.
(ii) Open traverse:
If a traverse starts and finishes at points other than the starting point or
point of unknown co-ordinates, then the traverse is called open traverse.

## Measurement of horizontal and vertical angle:

Two set of horizontal angle was measured at each station and one set of vertical angle. And it
was done in the following way:-
i) One the face left temporary adjustment was done.
ii) After setting zero to the first station the second station was sighted by unclamping
the upper screw.
iii) For better accuracy and exact bisection horizontal angle was measured at the bottom
of the arrow.
iv) And on the same setting or same face vertical angle at both the station was taken.
v) Now again changing the face the horizontal angle was taken and vertical angle too.
vi) Now setting the reading to ninety at the first station again one set of horizontal
angle was taken but the vertical angle is enough, taken earlier.
vii) Before shifting the instrument to the next station the height of instrument was taken.
viii) Similarly the instrument was shifted to other station and in each station one set of
vertical angle and two set of horizontal angle and height of instrument was
measured.
ix) For comparison of the tape distance and the Tachometric distance the stadia reading
(top, mid, bottom) was taken at each station and for the calculation of the reduce
level of each station we need to read mid reading which can be compared with the
level transferred using auto level.

## 2.3.1 Balancing the traverse:

There are different methods of adjusting a traverse such as Bow ditch’s method, Transit
method, Graphical method, and Axis method. Among them during the survey camp, Bow
ditch’s method was used to adjust the traverse.
The basis of this method is on the assumptions that the errors in linear measurements are
proportional to L and that the errors in angular measurements are inversely proportional to L,

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

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where L is the length of a line. The Bow ditch’s rule is mostly used to balance a traverse where
linear and angular measurements are of equal precision. The total error in latitude and in the
departure is distributed in proportion to the lengths of the sides.
The Bowditch’s Rule is commonly used to balance a traverse where linear and angular
measurements are of equal precision. The total error in latitude and in the departure is
distributed in proportion to the lengths of sides. The Bowditch rule gives the correction as,

## Total _ Error _ in _ Lat.(or _ Dept .) * ( Length _ of _ That _ Leg )

Correction _ To _ Lat. _ or _ Dept 
Perimeter _ of _ that _ Traverse

## 2.3.2 Closing error:

If a closed traverse is plotted according to the field measurements, the end of the traverse will
not coincide exactly with the starting point. Such and error is known as closing error.
Mathematically,
Closing error (e) = √ {(Ʃ𝐿)2 +(Ʃ𝐷)2 }
Direction, tan θ =ƩD/ƩL
The sign of ƩL and ƩD will thus define the quadrant in which the closing error lies.
The relative error of closure = Error of Closure / Perimeter of the traverse
=e/p
= 1 / (p / e)
The error (e) in a closed traverse due to bearing may be determined by comparing the two
bearings of the last line as observed at the first and last stations of traverse. If the closed
traverse, has N number of sides then,
Correction for the first line = e/N
Correction for the second line = 2e/N
And similarly, correction for the last line = Ne/N = e
In a closed traverse, by geometry, the sum of the interior angles should be (2n-4) x 90˚. Where,
n is the number of traverse sides. If the angles are measured with the same degree of precision,
the error in the sum of the angles may be distributed equally among each angle of the traverse.

2.4 Detailing:
Detailing means locating and plotting relief in a topographic map. Detailing can be done by
either plane table surveying or tachometric surveying. Plane tabling needs less office work than
tachometric survey. Nevertheless, during our camp, we used the tachometric method.
 Tachometry
Tachometry is a branch of angular surveying in which the horizontal and vertical
distances of points are obtained by optical means. It is very suitable for steep or broken ground,
deep ravines, and stretches of water or swamp where taping is impossible and unreliable.
The objective of the tachometric survey is to prepare of contour maps or plans with both
horizontal and vertical controls.
The formula for the horizontal distance is (H) = 100*S*cos 2 θ
Sin2θ
The formula for the vertical distance is (V) = 100 *S*( 2 ) where, S = Staff intercept.
θ = Vertical Angle.
If the angle used is zenithal angle then, θ = Zenithal Angle.

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## 2.5 Tachometry Detailing

Objectives:-

 Produce the topographic map and detailed plan of the proposed area by using surveying
software (Theodolite, Total Station)
Instrument Required:-
 Total Station or Theodolite
 Peg
 Reflected Prism (i.e. only for total station)
 Tripod Stand

Introduction:-
Tachometry survey is a branch of surveying in which horizontal and vertical distance of points
are obtained by optical measurement avoiding ordinary and slower process of measurement
tape. Tachometric surveys are usually performed to produce contour and details plans for
further work, or to produce coordinates for area and volume calculations. Observation are
usually performed from known survey stations, often established by traversing.

## Field work for Traversing:-

a. Reconnaissance: It is done to-
 To locate suitable positions for stations, poorly executed reconnaissance can
result from difficulties at later stages leading waste of time and inaccurate work.
 To obtain overall picture of the area.

## b. During selection of station following points should be noted-

 Number of station should be kept minimum as possible.
 Length of traverse legs should be kept as long as possible to minimize effect of
centering error, however too long leg can also result from refraction error.
 Station should be located such that they are clearly inter visible.
 Station should be placed on firm, level ground so that the theodolite/total station
and tripod are supported adequately during measurement.
 Interior angle of the station between traverse legs should not be less than 30° or
should not be around 180° to minimize error during plotting

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

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c. Station marking-

Station marking needs to be done by the permanent marker for easy allocation
of station throughout the survey period.
 Generally for traverse purpose, wooden pegs are flush into the ground, a nail is
tapped into the top of peg to define exact position of station
 A reference or witnessing sketch of the features surrounding each station should
be prepared especially if the stations are to be left for any time before used or if
they are required again
d. Linear measurement-
 Linear measurement of traverse line will normally be measured by measuring
tape.
 During Linear measurement, for precision both way (forward and backward
direction) measurement is carried out and discrepancy should be better than
1:2000

## e. For Angular measurement-

 If the internal angles are being read, it is usual to proceed from station to station
round the traverse in an anticlockwise direction
 Generally, more than one set of reading is preferred for higher accuracy
measurement along with both face (right and left face) reading
 If external angles are observed then one should occupy the stations in a
clockwise direction
 When all internal angles are measured, sum of internal angle should be equal to
(2n-4)*90, for external angle (2n+4)*90.

##  Accuracy: Field data and reference data should be accurately noted

 Integrity: A single omitted measurement or detail can nullify the use of notes for
plotting. So Notes should be checked carefully for completeness before leaving
 Legibility: Notes can be used only if they are legible. A professional-looking set of
notes is likely to be professional in quality
 Arrangement: Note forms appropriate to the particular survey contribute to accuracy,
integrity, and legibility
 Clarity: Advance planning and proper field procedures are necessary to ensure clarity
of sketches and tabulations and to minimize the possibility of mistakes and omission.

Conclusion:-
We know that when the stations have been sighted, a sketch of the traverse should be prepared
approximately to scale. The stations are given reference letters or numbers. This greatly assists
in planning and checking of field work.
Result:-
Making topographic map and detailed plan of proposed area.

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

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2.6 Levelling:
Leveling is a branch of surveying the object of which is:
(i) To find the elevation of given points with respect to given or assumed
datum.
(ii) To establish points at a given elevation or at different elevations with respect
to a given or assumed datum.
(iii) The first operation is required to enable the works to be designed while the
second operation is required in the setting out of all kinds of engineering
works.
(iv) Leveling deals with measurements in a vertical plane.
(v) To provide vertical controls in topographic map, the elevations of the
relevant points must be known so that complete topography of the area.
Two types of leveling were performed at the site, namely direct leveling (spirit leveling)
and indirect leveling (trigonometric leveling).
 Direct leveling:
It is the branch of leveling in which the vertical distances with respect to a horizontal line
(perpendicular to the direction of gravity) may be used to determine the relative difference in
elevation between two adjacent points. A level provides horizontal line of sight, i.e. a line
tangential to a level surface at the point where the instrument stands. The difference in elevation
between two points is the vertical distance between two level lines. With a level set up at any
place, the difference in elevation between any two points within proper lengths of sight is given
by the difference between the rod readings taken on these points. By a succession of instrument
stations and related readings, the difference in elevation between widely separated points is
thus obtained.
Following are some special methods of direct (spirit) leveling:
1. Differential leveling:
It is the method of direct leveling the object of which is solely to determine the difference in
elevation of two points regardless of the horizontal positions of the points with respect of each
other. This type of leveling is also known as fly leveling.
2. Profile leveling:
It is the method of direct leveling the object of which is to determine the elevations of points
at measured intervals along a given line in order to obtain a profile of the surface along that
line.
3. Cross-sectioning:
Cross-sectioning or cross leveling is the process of taking levels on each side of main line at
right angles to that line, in order to determine a vertical cross-section of the surface of the
ground, or of underlying strata, or of both.
4. Reciprocal leveling:
It is the method of leveling in which the difference in elevation between two points is accurately
determined by two sets of reciprocal observations when it is not possible to set up the level
between the two points.
 Indirect leveling:
Indirect method or trigonometric leveling is the process of leveling in which the elevations of
points are computed from the vertical angles and horizontal distances measured in the field,
just as the length of any side in any triangle can be computed from proper trigonometric
relations.

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##  Two Peg Test:

Before starting the fly leveling, two peg test was carried out to check the accuracy of the level
used. The collimation error was found to be 1: 10000 which satisfied the permissible error limit
(1:10,000).

## a) S e t t i n g u p t h e l e v e l : The operation of setting up includes fixing the

instrument on the stand and leveling the instrument approximately.
b) L e v e l i n g u p : Accurate leveling is done with the help of foot screws and
with reference to the plate levels. The purpose of leveling is to make the vertical
axis truly vertical and horizontal line of sight truly horizontal.
c) R e m o v a l o f p a r a l l a x : Parallax is a condition when the image formed
by the objective is not in the plane of the cross hairs. Parallax is
eliminated by focusing the eyepiece for distinct vision of the cross hairs and b
yfocusing the objective to bring the image of the object in the plane of cross
hairs.
 Booking and reducing levels:
There are two methods of booking and reducing the elevation of points from the observed staff
Height of the Instrument method:
Arithmetic Check: ∑BS – ∑F.S. = Last R.L. – First R.L.
Rise and Fall method:
Arithmetic Check: ∑ BS – ∑ F.S. = ∑ Rise – ∑fall = Last R.L. – First R.L.

##  Level transfer to the major and minor traverse stations:

The R. L of the temporary benchmark was then transferred to the control stations of the major
and minor traverse. The closing error was found to be within the permissible limits. The
misclosure was adjusted in each leg of the leveling path by using the following formula:
Permissible error = ±25k mm.
Where, k is perimeter in Km
Actual Error (e) = ∑B.S – ∑F.S= Last R.L. – First R.L.
Correction ith leg = -(e x (𝐿1 +𝐿2 +….+𝐿𝑖 )P
Where,𝐿1 ,𝐿2 , 𝐿𝑖 is the length of 1st,2nd,ith leg.
P is perimeter.
Relative Precision= 1/(p/e)

2.7 Contouring:
A contour is an imaginary line, which passes through the points of equal elevation. It is a line
in which the surface of ground is intersected by a level surface. Every fifth contour lines must
be made darken. While drawing the contour lines, the characteristics of the contours should be
approached. The characteristics are as follows:
 Two contours of different elevations do not cross each other except in the case of
an overhanging cliff.
 Contours of different elevations do not unite to form one contour except in the case of
a vertical cliff.
 Contours drawn closer depict a steep slope and if drawn apart, represent a gentle slope.

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 Contour at any point is perpendicular to the line of the steepest slope at the point.
 A contour line must close itself but need not be necessarily within the limits of the map
itself.
 U-shape contours indicates the ridge.
 V-shape contours indicates the valley
 Contours lines does not passes through permanent structure.
Taking the reading at the change point on the ground does the indirect method of locating
contours. The interpolation method is used to draw the contour lines. Interpolation of contours
is done by estimation, by arithmetic calculations or by graphical method. The eye estimation
method is extremely rough and is used for small-scale work only. Generally, arithmetic
calculation method of interpolation is used to draw the contour lines and is performed as
follows:
X= (H/V) * Y
where, X= Horizontal distance of the point to be located.
H = Horizontal distance between two guide points.
V = Vertical distance between the two guide points.
Y = Vertical distance between lower elevation point and the point to be located.

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## 2.8 Total station:

Introduction:
A total station is an optical instrument used a lot in
modern surveying and archaeology and, in a minor way,
as well as by police, crime scene investigators, private
accident reconstructionist and insurance companies to
take measurements of scenes. It is a combination of an
electronic theodolite (transit), an electronic distance
meter (EDM) and software running on an external
computer known as a data collector.
With a total station one may determine angles and
distances from the instrument to points to be surveyed.
With the aid of trigonometry and triangulation, the angles
and distances may be used to calculate the coordinates of
actual positions (X, Y, and Z or northing, easting and
elevation) of surveyed points, or the position of the
instrument from known points, in absolute terms.

## Computation and Plotting:

For the calculations as well as plotting, we applied the coordinate method (latitude and
departure method). In this method, two terms latitude and departure are used for calculation.
Latitude of a survey line may be defined as its coordinate lengths measured parallel to
an assumed meridian direction. The latitude (L) of a line is positive when measured towards
north, and termed as Northing and it is negative when measured towards south, and termed as
Southing. The departure (D) of a line is positive when measured towards east and termed as
Easting and it is negative when measured towards south, and termed as Westing. The latitude
and departures of each control station can be calculated using the relation:
Latitude = L Cos θ
Departure = L Sin θ
Where, L=distance of the traverse legs
θ =Reduced bearing
If a closed traverse is plotted according to the field measurements, the end of the traverse will
not coincide exactly with the starting point. Such and error is known as closing error.
Mathematically,
Closing error (e) = √ {(Ʃ𝐿)2 +(Ʃ𝐷)2 }
Direction, tan θ = ƩD/ƩL
The sign of ƩL and ƩD will thus define the quadrant in which the closing error lies.
The relative error of closure = Error of Closure / Perimeter of the traverse
=e/p
= 1 / (p / e)
The error (e) in a closed traverse due to bearing may be determined by comparing the two
bearings of the last line as observed at the first and last stations of traverse. If the closed
traverse, has N number of sides then,

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## Correction for the first line = e/N

Correction for the second line = 2e/N
And similarly, correction for the last line = Ne/N = e
In a closed traverse, by geometry, the sum of the interior angles should be (2n-4) x 90˚. Where,
n is the number of traverse sides. If the angles are measured with the same degree of precision,
the error in the sum of the angles may be distributed equally among each angle of the traverse.
Mathematically,
a) Correction in departure of a side of traverse = - (Total departure misclosure / traverse
perimeter) x length of that side.
b) Correction in latitude of a side of traverse = - (Total latitude misclosure / traverse
perimeter) x length of that side.
Computation-

Steps:
Here the traverse computation is done in above tabular form. For complete traverse
computations, following steps were carried out:
- The interior angles were adjusted to satisfy the geometrical conditions, ie sum of
interior angles to be equal to (2n-4)x90
- Starting with observed bearing of one line the bearings of all the others lines were
calculated.
- Consecutive co-ordinates (latitude and departure) were calculated. i.e. ∑ L and ∑ D
- Necessary corrections were applied to the latitudes and departures of the lines so that
∑ L=0 and ∑ D=0. The corrections were applied by the transit rule.
Using the corrected consecutive co-ordinates, the independent value were calculated.
- The correct lengths and the correct bearings of the traverse lines were also calculated
using the corrected consecutive co-ordinates.
i.e. True length (l) = √(L^2+D^2) and True bearing (θ) = tan-1( D/L ).
- The traverse lines or legs should be passed through the area to be surveyed.

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

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2.9 Calculation:
Distance measurement Sheet
SURVEY CAMP – 2017
S.N Station Distances (m) Total Mean Error Precisio Remarks
From To
length length (m) n
1. 𝐶𝑝2 𝐵𝑚1 13.70+11.201+11.5+9.67+10. 90.010 Check
9+9.55+8.64+6.11+8.83 90.072 0.057 1 in Point
𝐵𝑚1 𝐶𝑝2 16.68+8.204+8.28+12.97+10. 90.044 5 1580.27
71+9.72+7.59+8.23+7.66
2. 𝐵𝑚1 𝐵𝑚2 10.4+2.88+9.03+5.27+6.4+10.
21+8.61+9.23+7.59+5.8+9.37 84.790 1 in
𝐵𝑚2 𝐵𝑚1 8.37+3.13+10.91+11.19+6.74+3.8 84.83 0.08 1060.37
9+8.2+11.19+10.13+11.12 84.870
3. 𝐵𝑚2 𝐵𝑚3 8.79+9.34+7.11+8.72+7.7+7.1 56.100
2+7.32 56.08 0.04 1 in Short
𝐵𝑚3 𝐵𝑚2 8.48+7.16+9.64+7.61+7.7+9.3 56.06 1402.53 Distance
4+6.13
4. 𝐵𝑚3 𝐵𝑚4 9.75+13.67+21.4+11.12+12.5 94.72
+10.48+15.8 94.705 0.03 1 in Long
𝐵𝑚4 𝐵𝑚3 15.21+19.53+9095+12.10+12. 94.69 3156.6 distance
6+11.6+13.7
5. 𝐵𝑚4 𝐵𝑚5 8.04+12.86+20.55+10.99+7.7 68.84
+8.7 68.845 0.01 1 in
𝐵𝑚5 𝐵𝑚4 17.3+11.92+13.10+8.49+10.6 68.85 6882.32
1+7.43
6. 𝐵𝑚5 𝐵𝑚6 14.63+13.70+16.83+9.81+6.3 65.98
1+1.53+3.17 65.965 0.03 1 in
𝐵𝑚6 𝐵𝑚5 12.34+18.27+13.62+11.38+1. 65.95 2198.7
67+6.52+2.16
7. 𝐵𝑚6 𝐵𝑚7 5.97+8.83+7.49+8.0+6.160+8. 69.79
96+7.96+7.93+8.49 69.76 0.06 1 in
𝐵𝑚7 𝐵𝑚6 6.48+7.96+8.12+7.49+8.76+6. 69.73 1162.67
12+8.42+9.61+6.77
8. 𝐵𝑚7 𝐵𝑚8 7.86+9.8+15.15+12.0+7.0+13.9 65.71
𝐵𝑚8 𝐵𝑚7 8.13+7.32+16.28+11.37+9.67 65.67 65.685 0.05 1 in
+12.89 1312.3
9. 𝐵𝑚8 𝐶𝑝1 10.53+7.56+2.7+9.4+6.94+6.1 79.25
2+4.94+4.81+6.72+4.94+4.07 79.28 0.06 1 in
+3.59+6.83 1321.3
𝐶𝑝1 𝐵𝑚8 3.53+9.49+7.71+7.05+7.3+7.8 79.31
1+6.16+4.94+5.34+7.4+3.48+
4.29+4.79
10. 𝐶𝑝1 𝐶𝑝2 4.29+6.67+8.42+9.49+5.86+1 58.46
1.18+9.23 58.46 0.04 1 in Check
𝐶𝑝2 𝐶𝑝1 10.52+9.94+5.72+5.71+5.36 58.48 1461.5 Point
+8.34+6.24+6.65

P a g e | 20

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Instrument at:- 𝑩𝒎𝟏 Height of Instrument:-…..

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
𝑪𝒑𝟐 L 0° 00' 00''
𝑩𝒎𝟐 L 197° 37' 20'' 197° 37' 20''
𝑩𝒎𝟐 R 17° 37' 30'' 197° 37' 25''
𝑪𝒑𝟐 R 180° 00' 00'' 197° 37' 30''
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝒎𝟐 Height of Instrument:-…..

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
𝑩𝒎𝟏 L 0° 00' 00''
𝑩𝒎𝟑 L 142° 22' 30'' 142° 22' 30''
𝑩𝒎𝟑 R 322° 22' 20'' 142° 22' 20''
𝑩𝒎𝟏 R 180° 00' 10'' 142° 22' 10''
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝒎𝟑 Height of Instrument:-…..

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
𝑩𝒎𝟐 L 0° 00' 00''
𝑩𝒎𝟒 L 88° 54' 10'' 88° 54' 10''
𝑩𝒎𝟒 R 268° 54' 00'' 88° 54' 05''
𝑩𝒎𝟐 R 180° 00' 00'' 88° 54' 00''
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝒎𝟒 Height of Instrument:-…..

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
𝑩𝒎𝟑 L 0° 00' 00''
𝑩𝒎𝟓 L 201° 42' 30'' 201° 42' 30''
𝑩𝒎𝟓 R 21° 42' 20'' 201° 42' 20''
𝑩𝒎𝟑 R 180° 00' 10'' 201° 42' 10''
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝒎𝟓 Height of Instrument:-….

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
𝑩𝒎𝟒 L 0° 00' 00''
𝑩𝒎𝟔 L 157° 30' 30'' 157° 30' 30''
𝑩𝒎𝟔 R 337° 30' 40'' 157° 30' 35''
𝑩𝒎𝟒 R 180° 00' 00'' 157° 30' 40''

P a g e | 21

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Instrument at:- 𝑩𝒎𝟔 Height of Instrument:-

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
𝑩𝒎𝟓 L 0° 00' 00''
𝑩𝒎𝟕 L 86° 26' 10'' 86° 26' 10''
𝑩𝒎𝟕 R 266° 26' 20'' 86° 26' 15''
𝑩𝒎𝟓 R 180° 00' 00'' 86° 26' 20''
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝒎𝟕 Height of Instrument:-

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
𝑩𝒎𝟔 L 0° 00' 00''
𝑩𝒎𝟖 L 148° 43' 20'' 148° 43' 20''
𝑩𝒎𝟖 R 328° 43' 10'' 148° 43' 10''
𝑩𝒎𝟔 R 180° 00' 00'' 148° 43' 00''
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝒎𝟖 Height of Instrument:-

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
𝑩𝒎𝟕 L 0° 00' 00''
𝑪𝒑𝟏 L 162° 14' 40'' 162° 14' 40''
𝑪𝒑𝟏 R 342° 14' 30'' 162° 14' 30''
𝑩𝒎𝟕 R 180° 00' 10'' 162° 14' 20''
Instrument at:- 𝑪𝒑𝟏 Height of Instrument:-

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
𝑩𝒎𝟖 L 0° 00' 00''
𝑪𝒑𝟐 L 209° 28' 00'' 209° 28' 00''
𝑪𝒑𝟐 R 29° 28' 00'' 209° 27' 55''
𝑩𝒎𝟖 R 180° 00' 10'' 209° 27' 50''
Instrument at:- 𝑪𝒑𝟐 Height of Instrument:-

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
𝑪𝒑𝟏 L 0° 00' 00''
𝑩𝒎𝟏 L 45° 03' 20'' 45° 03' 20''
𝑩𝒎𝟏 R 225° 03' 30'' 45° 03' 25''
𝑪𝒑𝟏 R 180° 00' 00'' 45° 03' 30''

P a g e | 22

## Theodolite Field Observation Data and its Calculation

STA LINE LENGTH INTERIOR CORRECTED BEARINGS CALCULATED CORRECTED TOTAL CO-
TIO ANGLE INTERIOR ORDINATES
N ANGLE LATITUDE DEPARTURE LATITUDE DEPARTURE LATITUDE DEPARTURE
1 𝐶𝑃1 − 𝐶𝑃2 58.460 197°37'25'' 197°37'14'' 052°00'00'' 35.990 46.067 36.625 46.497 3068556.230 648198.403
2 𝐶𝑃2 − 𝐵𝑀1 90.072 142°22'20'' 142°22'09'' 217°03'14'' 11.061 -89.390 12.040 -88.730 3068592.855 648244.900
3 𝐵𝑀1 − 𝐵𝑀2 84.830 088°54'05'' 088°53'54'' 294°40'28'' 35.413 -77.084 36.335 -76.460 3068604.895 648156.170
4 𝐵𝑀2 − 𝐵𝑀3 56.080 201°42'20'' 201°42'09'' 257°02'37'' -12.573 -54.652 -11.963 -54.221 3068641.230 648079.710
5 𝐵𝑀3 − 𝐵𝑀4 94.075 157°30'35'' 157°30'24'' 165°56'31'' -91.257 22.851 -90.234 23.543 3068629.267 648025.489
6 𝐵𝑀4 − 𝐵𝑀5 68.845 086°26'15'' 086°26'04'' 187°38'40'' -68.233 -9.158 -67.485 -8.651 3068539.033 648049.032
7 𝐵𝑀5 − 𝐵𝑀6 65.965 148°43'10'' 148°42'59'' 165°09'04'' -63.762 16.904 -63.045 17.389 3068471.548 648040.381
8 𝐵𝑀6 − 𝐵𝑀7 69.760 162°14'20'' 162°14'09'' 071°35'08'' 22.036 66.188 22.794 66.701 3068408.503 648057.770
9 𝐵𝑀7 − 𝐵𝑀8 65.685 209°27'55'' 209°27'44'' 040°18'07'' 50.094 42.486 50.808 42.969 3068431.297 648124.471
10 𝐵𝑀8 − 𝐶𝑃1 79.280 045°03'25'' 045°03'14'' 022°32'16'' 73.255 30.387 74.117 30.970 3068482.105 648167.440
1 733.352 m 1440°01'50'' 1440°00'00'' -------------- -7.976 -5.401 ƩL = -0.008 ƩD = 0.007 3068556.222 648198.410

## Correction in 𝑪𝑷𝟏 − 𝑪𝑷𝟐 : Correction in 𝑩𝑴𝟐 − 𝑩𝑴𝟑 : Correction in 𝑩𝑴𝟓 − 𝑩𝑴𝟔 :

𝟓𝟖.𝟒𝟔𝟎 𝟓𝟔.𝟎𝟖𝟎 𝟔𝟓.𝟗𝟔𝟓 Correction in 𝑩𝑴𝟖 − 𝑪𝑷𝟏 :
𝑪𝑳 = 7.976 X 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 = 0.635 𝑪𝑳 = 7.976 X 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 = 0.610 𝑪𝑳 = 7.976 X 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 = 0.717 𝟕𝟗.𝟐𝟖𝟎
𝑪𝑳 = 7.976 X 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 = 0.870
𝟓𝟖.𝟒𝟔𝟎 𝟓𝟔.𝟎𝟖𝟎 𝟔𝟓.𝟗𝟔𝟓
𝑪𝑫 = 5.401 X = 0.430 𝑪𝑫 = 5.401 X = 0.431 𝑪𝑫 = 5.401 X = 0.485 𝟕𝟗.𝟐𝟖𝟎
𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 𝑪𝑫 = 5.401 X = 0.583
𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐

## Correction in 𝑪𝑷𝟐 − 𝑩𝑴𝟏 : Correction in 𝑩𝑴𝟑 − 𝑩𝑴𝟒 : *Calculation of Interior Angle*

𝟗𝟎.𝟎𝟕𝟐 𝟗𝟒.𝟎𝟕𝟓 Correction in 𝑩𝑴𝟔 − 𝑩𝑴𝟕 :
𝑪𝑳 = 7.976 X 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 = 0.979 𝑪𝑳 =7.976 X 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 = 1.023 𝟔𝟗.𝟕𝟔𝟎 Theoretically,
𝟗𝟎.𝟎𝟕𝟐 𝟗𝟒.𝟎𝟕𝟓
𝑪𝑳 = 7.976 X 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 = 0.758 Total Interior angle = (2n - 4) x 90
𝑪𝑫 = 5.401 X = 0.663 𝑪𝑫 = 5.401 X = 0.692 𝟔𝟗.𝟕𝟔𝟎 =(2 x 10 - 4) x 90 = 1440°
𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 𝑪𝑫 = 5.401 X = 0.513 Error in Interior angle = 1440°01’50”-1440”
𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐
= - 0°1’50”
Correction in 𝑩𝑴𝟏 − 𝑩𝑴𝟐 : Correction in 𝑩𝑴𝟒 − 𝑩𝑴𝟓 : Thus, Error in interior angle is equally
𝟖𝟒.𝟖𝟑𝟎 𝟔𝟖.𝟖𝟒𝟓 Correction in 𝑩𝑴𝟕 − 𝑩𝑴𝟖 :
𝑪𝑳 = 7.976 X 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 = 0.922 𝑪𝑳 = 7.976 X 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 = 0.748 𝟔𝟓.𝟔𝟖𝟓 distributed in all stations,
𝟖𝟒.𝟖𝟑𝟎
𝑪𝑳 = 7.976 X 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 = 0.714 .:.Correction in each station = - 0°1’50”
𝟔𝟖.𝟖𝟒𝟓
𝑪𝑫 = 5.401 X = 0.624 𝑪𝑫 = 5.401 X = 0.507 𝟔𝟓.𝟔𝟖𝟓 10
𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐 𝑪𝑫 = 05.401 X = 0.483 = - 0°00’11”
𝟕𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟓𝟐

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

P a g e | 23

Calculation:
Two Peg Test for Checking the Levelling instrument

STEP : 1

Setup 1 Station 1
Station 2

STEP : 2

## Figure : Two Peg Test

Here,
Total Distance = 30m
Setup 1 = Approx. 2 and Setup 2 = 15 m
 For Setup 1
Now, The Level machine is shifted from Setup 1 to Approx.2m far distance from Station 1
Then,
Sighted 1, Sighted 2,
𝑇+𝑀+𝐵 𝑇+𝐵 𝑇+𝑀+𝐵 𝑇+𝐵
Average Height = 3 = 2 = 1.482 m Average Height = 3 = 2 = 1.402 m

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

P a g e | 24

 For Setup 2
Now, The level is shifted between the distance of Station 1 and Station 2 in exact middle
portion of given distance 30 m. Then,
Sighted 1, Sighted 2,
𝑇+𝑀+𝐵 𝑇+𝐵 𝑇+𝑀+𝐵 𝑇+𝐵
Average Height = 3 = 2 = 1.406 m Average Height = 3 = 2 = 1.325 m

Now,
Level difference between 1 and 2 = 1.406-1.325=0.081m
Thus,
Error between setup 1 and setup 2 = 0.081 -0.080 = 0.001 m
𝟏 𝟏
Precision = 𝐓𝐨𝐭𝐚𝐥 𝐃𝐬𝐢𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐞 = 𝟑𝟎 = 3.33*10-5
𝐄𝐫𝐫𝐨𝐫 𝟎.𝟎𝟎𝟏
I.e.
1 in 30000.

P a g e | 25

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

FLY LEVEL FIELD BOOK

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:-Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017- Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Stat Distance BS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
ion BS FS Total T M B T M B
B.M 8.2 --------- -------- 0.691 0.675 0.609 ---------- --------- ----------- -------- --------- 1336.00
01. 6.6 6.8 15.0 0.695 0.601 0.629 1.910 1.876 1.842 -------- 1.226 1334.774
02. 7.2 7.2 13.8 0.751 0.715 0.679 1.836 1.800 1.764 -------- 1.139 1333.635
03. 7.4 8.0 15.2 1.600 0.963 0.926 1.600 1.560 1.520 -------- 0.845 1332.790
04. 6.8 7.7 15.1 1.162 0.128 1.094 1.688 1.650 1.611 -------- 0.687 1332.103
05. 7.7 6.2 13.0 0.988 0.950 0.911 1.794 1.764 1.732 -------- 0.636 1331.467
06 7.2 8.0 15.7 1.134 1.098 1.062 1.852 1.812 1.772 -------- 0.862 1330.605
07. 7.2 7.7 14.9 1.164 1.128 1.092 1.840 1.801 1.763 -------- 0.703 1329.902
08. 6.8 7.6 14.8 1.252 1.218 1.184 1.730 1.692 1.654 -------- 0.564 1329.338
09. 6.2 7.6 14.4 1.356 1.318 1.288 1.670 1.662 1.584 -------- 0.444 1328.894
10. 6.8 4.1 11.3 1.518 1.484 1.450 1.627 1.628 1.586 -------- 0.310 1328.584
11 6.0 8.4 15.2 1.400 1.370 1.340 1.630 1.588 1.546 -------- 0.104 1328.480
12. 7.2 6.2 12.2 1.332 1.296 1.260 1.542 1.511 1.480 -------- 0.141 1328.339
13. 7.4 7.6 14.8 1.356 1.318 1.282 1.608 1.570 1.532 -------- 0.274 1328.065
14. 7.0 8.0 15.4 1.382 1.347 1.312 1.632 1.592 1.552 -------- 0.274 1327.791
15. 7.0 8.7 15.7 1.160 1.125 1.090 1.886 1.842 1.799 -------- 0.495 1327.296
16. 7.8 6.8 13.8 0.909 0.870 1.831 1.890 1.856 1.822 -------- 0.731 1326.565
17. 7.8 9.0 16.8 0.637 0.595 0.553 1.870 1.825 1.780 -------- 0.955 1325.610
18. 6.5 7.3 15.1 0.675 0.643 0.610 1.775 1.738 1.702 -------- 1.143 1324.467
19. 4.0 6.0 12.5 1.080 1.060 1.040 1.948 1.918 1.888 -------- 1.275 1323.192
20. 8.0 4.6 08.6 0.920 0.880 0.840 1.874 1.851 1.828 -------- 0.791 1322.401
21. 8.6 6.6 14.6 1.188 1.145 1.102 1.800 1.768 1.734 -------- 0.888 1321.513

P a g e | 26

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

FLY LEVEL FIELD BOOK

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Stati Distance BS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
on BS FS Total T M B T M B
22. 8.4 7.2 15.8 1.100 1.058 1.016 1.816 1.780 1.744 -------- 0.635 1320.878
23. 8.0 4.0 12.4 1.400 1.360 1.320 1.558 1.552 1.518 -------- 0.494 1320.384
24. 8.0 8.0 16.0 1.622 1.582 1.542 1.514 1.474 1.434 -------- 0.114 1320.270
25. 7.4 8.0 16.0 1.746 1.708 1.672 1.338 1.298 1.258 0.284 -------- 1320.554
26. 8.0 8.2 15.6 1.660 1.620 1.580 1.200 1.158 1.118 0.550 -------- 1321.104
27. 7.6 7.6 15.6 1.574 1.536 1.498 1.300 1.262 1.224 0.358 -------- 1321.462
28. 7.6 6.6 13.2 1.148 1.110 1.072 1.930 1.898 1.864 -------- 0.362 1321.100
29. 6.0 8.0 15.6 0.930 0.900 0.870 1.752 1.712 1.672 -------- 0.602 1320.498
30. 8.2 8.9 14.9 0.980 0.939 0.898 1.795 1.750 1.706 -------- 0.850 1319.648
31. 7.6 7.1 15.3 0.853 0.815 0.777 1.727 1.691 1.656 -------- 0.752 1318.896
32. 6.4 7.8 15.4 1.088 1.056 1.024 1.564 1.525 1.486 -------- 0.710 1318.186
33. 7.0 8.0 14.4 1.498 1.462 1.428 1.682 1.642 1.602 -------- 0.586 1317.600
34. 7.5 8.0 15.0 1.558 1.520 1.483 1.240 1.200 1.160 0.262 -------- 1317.862
35. 5.6 8.0 15.5 1.023 0.995 0.967 1.574 1.534 1.494 -------- 0.014 1317.848
36. 6.4 6.0 11.6 1.057 1.024 0.993 1.806 1.776 1.746 -------- 0.781 1317.067
37. 5.8 6.0 12.4 0.853 0.824 0.795 1.980 1.950 1.920 -------- 0.926 1316.141
38. 5.6 4.4 10.2 0.766 0.739 0.710 1.914 1.892 1.870 -------- 1.068 1315.073
39. 5.5 5.8 11.4 1.048 1.020 0.993 1.989 1.960 1.931 -------- 1.221 1313.852
40. 5.0 4.8 10.3 0.890 0.866 0.840 1.932 1.908 1.884 -------- 0.888 1312.964
41. 6.0 4.4 9.4 0.640 0.610 0.580 1.838 1.841 1.794 -------- 0.948 1312.016
42. 6.0 3.3 9.3 0.900 0.870 0.840 1.622 1.606 1.589 -------- 0.996 1311.020
TBM -------- 4.4 10.4 -------- -------- -------- 1.387 1.316 1.343 -------- 0.495 1310.525

P a g e | 27

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

FLY LEVEL FIELD BOOK

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Station Distance BS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
BS FS Total T M B T M B
T.B.M 2.4 --------- -------- 1.713 1.701 1.689 ---------- -------- --------- -------- --------- 1310.525
01. 5.0 3.0 5.4 1.942 1.917 1.892 0.868 0.852 0.838 0.849 -------- 1311.375
02. 4.4 4.0 9.0 1.722 1.700 1.678 0.693 0.673 0.653 1.244 -------- 1312.619
03. 6.1 4.1 8.9 1.806 1.775 1.745 0.673 0.652 0.632 1.048 -------- 1313.666
04. 4.8 4.4 10.5 1.764 1.741 1.716 0.624 0.645 0.668 1.130 -------- 1314.796
05. 5.8 4.8 9.6 1.825 1.795 1.767 0.761 0.737 0.713 1.004 -------- 1315.800
06 5.7 5.8 11.6 1.702 1.673 1.645 0.786 0.756 0.728 1.039 -------- 1316.839
07. 5.0 6.3 13.0 1.488 1.464 1.438 0.931 0.901 0.868 0.772 -------- 1317.611
08. 10.3 7.0 12.0 1.825 1.773 1.722 0.821 0.786 0.751 0.678 -------- 1318.289
09. 7.8 5.5 15.8 1.842 1.803 1.764 0.905 0.877 1.850 0.896 -------- 1319.185
10. 6.9 5.7 13.5 1.814 1.780 1.745 0.856 0.827 0.799 0.976 -------- 1320.161
11 6.6 5.6 12.5 1.912 1.879 1.846 0.688 0.660 0.632 1.120 -------- 1321.281
12. 6.0 7.0 13.6 1.980 1.950 1.920 0.730 0.690 0.660 1.189 -------- 1322.470
13. 6.9 7.6 13.6 1.371 1.337 1.302 1.058 1.020 0.982 0.930 --------- 1323.400
14. 7.3 6.6 13.5 1.135 1.098 1.062 1.626 1.594 1.560 -------- 0.257 1323.143
15. 7.6 6.7 14.0 1.150 1.112 1.074 1.694 1.661 1.627 -------- 0.563 1322.580
16. 7.0 6.6 14.2 1.212 1.177 1.142 1.683 1.650 1.617 -------- 0.538 1322.042
17. 7.8 7.1 14.1 1.266 1.228 1.188 1.619 1.584 1.548 -------- 0.407 1321.635
18. 5.4 6.9 15.7 1.150 1.122 1.096 1.483 1.448 1.414 -------- 0.220 1321.415
19. 7.4 7.5 12.9 1.106 1.070 1.032 1.590 1.552 1.516 -------- 0.430 1320.985
20. 7.8 8.0 15.4 1.264 1.225 1.186 1.592 1.552 1.512 -------- 0.482 1320.503
21. 8.0 8.0 15.8 1.592 1.552 1.512 1.420 1.380 1.340 -------- 0.155 1320.348

P a g e | 28

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

FLY LEVEL FIELD BOOK
Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Station Distance BS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
BS FS Total T M B T M B
22. 8.0 7.0 15.0 1.606 1.566 1.526 1.236 1.202 1.166 0.350 -------- 1320.698
23. 8.0 6.8 14.8 1.754 1.714 1.674 1.074 1.040 1.006 0.526 -------- 1321.218
24. 7.2 6.5 14.5 1.764 1.728 1.692 1.029 0.997 0.964 0.717 -------- 1321.935
25. 6.5 6.6 13.8 1.830 1.798 1.765 0.956 0.923 0.890 0.805 -------- 1322.740
26. 6.2 6.8 13.3 1.926 1.895 1.864 0.841 0.807 0.773 0.991 -------- 1323.731
27. 6.5 5.5 11.7 1.879 1.846 1.814 0.885 0.857 0.830 1.038 -------- 1324.769
28. 4.4 6.3 12.8 1.338 1.316 1.294 0.764 0.732 0.701 1.114 -------- 1325.883
29. 5.7 4.8 9.20 1.801 1.772 1.744 1.022 0.998 0.974 0.318 -------- 1326.201
30. 7.6 5.3 11.0 1.826 1.788 1.750 0.998 0.972 0.945 0.800 -------- 1327.001
31. 8.7 8.2 15.8 1.639 1.596 1.552 1.011 0..970 0.929 0.818 -------- 1327.819
32. 8.5 8.8 17.5 1.588 1.545 1.503 1.302 1.259 1.214 0.337 -------- 1328.156
33. 7.7 6.7 15.2 1.570 1.531 1.493 1.304 1.270 1.237 0.275 -------- 1328.431
34. 8.0 8.4 16.1 1.514 1.474 1.434 1.282 1.240 1.198 0.291 -------- 1328.722
35. 6.9 8.9 16.9 1.488 1.453 1.419 1.301 1.256 1.212 0.218 -------- 1328.940
36. 7.3 7.0 13.9 1.602 1.565 1.527 1.314 1.279 1.244 0.174 --------- 1329.114
37. 7.2 8.0 15.3 1.736 1.700 1.664 1.198 1.158 1.118 0.207 -------- 1329.321
38. 7.6 8.2 15.4 1.809 1.771 1.733 1.230 1.189 1.148 0.511 -------- 1329.832
39. 8.6 8.2 15.8 1.882 1.839 1.796 1.195 1.154 1.113 0.617 -------- 1330.449
40. 7.5 7.0 15.6 1.806 1.769 1.731 1.020 0.985 0.950 0.854 -------- 1331.303
41. 7.5 8.0 15.5 1.764 1.726 1.689 1.050 1.010 0.970 0.759 -------- 1332.062
42. 7.0 8.8 16.3 1.690 1.655 1.620 0.988 0.944 0.900 0.782 -------- 1332.844
43. 6.4 7.5 14.5 1.864 1.832 1.800 0.715 0.677 0.640 0.977 -------- 1333.821
44. 7.0 6.8 13.2 1.990 1.955 1.920 0.810 0.776 0.742 1.056 -------- 1334.877
.M ------ 7.8 14.8 --------- -------- --------- 0.831 0.792 0.753 1.163 -------- 1336.040

P a g e | 29

Thus,

## Total Distance (k) = 1206.1 m

= 1.2061 km
Given,
R.L of B.M = 1336.000 m
Calculated R.L of B.M = 1336.040 m
R.L difference of B.M = Calculated R.L - Given R.L
= 1336.040 m - 1336.000 m
= 0.040 m
Precision =25√k = 25√1.2061 = 27.45 mm

## The finding R.L of T.B.M = 1310.525 m

R.L of C.P = 1326.565 (B.M to T.B.M)
R.L of C.P = 1326.201 (T.B.M to B.M)
Mean R.L of C.P = 1326.383 m

P a g e | 30

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## LEVEL FIELD BOOK

SURVEY CAMP – 2017
Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA, Kharipati-Bhaktapur
CP to 𝑩𝑴𝟑 ( R.L transfer Process)
Stat BS FS
Rem
ion Distan T M B T M B Dist Rise Fall RL arks
ce anc
e
CP 6.6 0.690 0.657 0.624 ------- ------- ------- ----- ---- ------ 1326.383 CP

--
1 7.0 0.872 0.747 0.712 1.855 1.802 1.770 6.5 ---- 1.145 1325.238
2 7.6 0.771 0.733 0.695 1.838 1.807 1.777 6.1 ---- 1.060 1324.178
3 6.3 0.966 0.934 0.903 1.765 1.735 1.713 5.2 ---- 1.002 1323.176
𝐵𝑀3 ------- ------- ------- ------- 1.823 1.786 1.749 7.4 ---- 0.852 1322.324 𝐵𝑀3

𝑩𝑴𝟑 𝒕𝒐 𝑪𝑷
𝐵𝑀3 6.3 1.732 1.701 1.669 ------- ------- ------- ----- ------ ---- 1322.324 𝐵𝑀3

--
1 6.9 1.861 1.826 1.792 0.932 0.899 0.866 6.6 0.802 ------ 1323.126
2 6.0 1.904 1.874 1.844 0.821 0.784 0.749 7.2 0.042 ------ 1324.168
3 6.4 1.897 1.865 1.833 0.820 0.781 0.755 6.5 0.087 ------ 1325.255
CP ------- ------- ------- ------- 0.762 0.729 0.695 6.7 1.136 ------ 1326.391 CP

Thus,
Total Distance (k) = 105.3 m
= 0.1053 km
Given,
R.L of C.P = 1326.383 m
Calculated R.L of B.M = 1336.040 m
Error = 1326.391 – 1326.383 =0.008m =8mm
Precision =25√k = 25√0.1053 = 8.11 mm
Thus, R.L of 𝐵𝑀3 = 1322.324 m

## 𝑩𝑴𝟑 𝒕𝒐 𝑩𝑴𝟒 ( R.L transfer Process)

Stat BS FS
Rem
ion Distan T M B T M B Dist Rise Fall RL arks
ce anc
e
𝐵𝑀3 12.0 0.860 0.800 0.740 ------- ------- ------- 11.3 ------ ------ 1322.324 𝐵𝑀3

1 12.4 1.224 1.162 1.000 1.892 1.835 1.779 12.6 ------ 1.035 1321.289
2 16.0 1.679 1.599 1.519 1.418 1.355 1.292 13.4 ------ 0.193 1321.096
3 10.0 1.690 1.640 1.590 1.168 1.100 1.034 09.8 0.499 ------ 1321.595
𝐵𝑀4 ------ ------- ------- ------- 1.356 1.307 1.258 ----- 0.335 ------ 1321.930 𝐵𝑀4

## 𝑩𝑴𝟒 𝒕𝒐 𝑩𝑴𝟓 ( R.L transfer Process)

𝐵𝑀4 7.8 1.089 1.050 1.011 ------ ------- ------- ----- ------ ------ 1321.930 𝐵𝑀4

1 8.0 0.730 0.690 0.650 1.723 1.681 1.641 8.2 ------ 0.631 1321.299
2 5.8 0.571 0.542 0.513 1.840 1.810 1.780 6.0 1.120 ------ 1322.419
3 6.2 1.313 1.282 1.251 1.730 1.696 1.661 6.9 ------ 1.154 1321.265
4 6.6 0.986 0.952 0.920 1.965 1.937 1.909 5.6 ------ 0.655 1320.61
𝐵𝑀5 ------ ------- ------- ------- 2.190 2.160 2.130 6.0 ------ 1.208 1319.402 𝐵𝑀5

Measured by: Bishnu P. Bhandari Computed by: Suman Jyoti Checked by:……………….

P a g e | 31

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## LEVEL FIELD BOOK

SURVEY CAMP – 2017
Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA, Kharipati-Bhaktapur
𝑩𝑴𝟓 𝒕𝒐 𝑩𝑴𝟔 ( R.L transfer Process)
Stat BS FS
Rem
ion Distan T M B T M B Dist Rise Fall RL arks
ce anc
e
𝐵𝑀5 8.4 0.850 0.808 0.766 ------- ------- ------- ---- ---- ---- 1319.402 𝐵𝑀5

1 16.6 1.361 1.278 1.195 1.588 1.548 1.508 8.0 ---- 0.740 1318.662
2 09.0 1.670 1.625 1.580 1.029 0.928 0.827 20.2 0.350 ---- 1319.012
𝐵𝑀6 ------- ------- ------- ------- 1.180 1.120 1.060 12.0 0.505 ---- 1319.517 𝐵𝑀6

## 𝑩𝑴𝟔 𝒕𝒐 𝑩𝑴𝟕 ( R.L transfer Process)

𝐵𝑀6 08.0 0.340 0.300 0.260 ------- ------- ------- ---- ------ ---- 1319.517 𝐵𝑀6

1 10.0 1.910 1.860 1.810 1.260 1.220 1.180 8.0 ---- 0.920 1318.597
2 08.0 1.993 1.953 1.913 0.824 0.776 0.729 9.5 1.084 ---- 1319.681
3 10.2 1.747 1.696 1.645 0.874 0.837 0.804 7.0 1.116 ---- 1320.797
𝐵𝑀7 ------- ------- ------- ------- 0.856 0.797 0.738 11.8 0.899 ---- 1321.696 𝐵𝑀7

## 𝑩𝑴𝟕 𝒕𝒐 𝑩𝑴𝟖 ( R.L transfer Process)

Stat BS FS
Rem
ion Distan T M B T M B Dist Rise Fall RL arks
ce anc
e
𝐵𝑀7 9.7 1.856 1.807 1.759 ------- ------- ------- ---- ------ ------ 1321.696 𝐵𝑀7

1 16.0 2.050 1.970 1.890 0.890 0.845 0.800 9.0 0.962 ------ 1322.658
2 14.0 1.628 1.558 1.488 0.721 0.650 0.579 14.2 1.320 ------ 1323.978
𝐵𝑀8 ------- ------- ------- ------- 0.913 0.851 0.790 12.3 0.707 ------ 1324.685 𝐵𝑀8

## 𝑩𝑴𝟖 𝒕𝒐 𝑪𝑷𝟏 ( R.L transfer Process)

𝐵𝑀8 13.4 1.722 1.655 1.588 ------- ------- ------- ---- ------ ------ 1324.685 𝐵𝑀8

1 7.0 2.130 2.095 2.060 0.818 0.738 0.658 16.0 0.917 ------ 1325.602
2 8.0 2.220 2.180 2.140 0.730 0.685 0.640 9.0 1.410 ------ 1327.012
3 3.4 2.002 1.985 1.968 0.992 0.952 0.912 8.0 1.228 ------ 1328.240
4 4.0 2.052 2.032 2.012 0.838 0.795 0.752 8.6 1.190 ------ 1329.430
5 6.6 1.896 1.863 1.830 0.900 0.867 0.834 6.6 1.165 ------ 1330.595
6 6.6 2.134 2.101 2.068 0.796 0.748 0.702 9.4 1.115 ------ 1331.710
7 6.0 1.772 1.742 1.712 1.244 1.211 1.178 6.6 0.890 ------ 1332.600
8 4.3 1.774 1.752 1.731 0.780 0.750 0.720 6.0 0.992 ------ 1333.592
9 7.2 1.740 1.704 1.668 0.732 0.702 0.672 6.0 1.050 ------ 1334.642
𝐶𝑃1 ------- ------- ------- ------- 0.898 0.855 0.812 8.6 0.849 ------ 1335.491 𝐶𝑃1

## 𝑪𝑷𝟏 𝒕𝒐 𝑪𝑷𝟐 ( R.L transfer Process)

𝐶𝑃1 22.0 1.710 1.610 1.490 ------- ------- ------- ---- ------ ------ 1335.491 𝐶𝑃1

𝐶𝑃2 ------- ------- ------- ------- 1.250 1.075 0.900 35.0 0.535 ------- 1336.026 𝐶𝑃2

## 𝑪𝑷𝟐 𝒕𝒐 𝑩𝑴𝟏 ( R.L transfer Process)

𝐶𝑃2 30.0 0.740 0.590 0.440 ------- ------- ------- ---- ------ ------ 1336.026 𝐶𝑃2

1 15.0 0.910 0.836 0.760 1.780 1.640 1.500 28.0 ------ 1.050 1334.976
2 9.4 1.347 1.300 1.253 2.252 2.196 2.141 11.1 ------ 1.360 1333.616
𝐵𝑀2 ------- ------- ------- ------- 1.898 1.846 1.794 10.4 ------ 0.456 1333.160 𝐵𝑀1

Measured by: Bishnu P. Bhandari Computed by: Suman Jyoti Checked by:……………….

P a g e | 32

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## LEVEL FIELD BOOK

SURVEY CAMP – 2017
Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA, Kharipati-Bhaktapur
𝑩𝑴𝟏 𝒕𝒐 𝑩𝑴𝟐 ( R.L transfer Process)
Stat BS FS
ion Distan T M B T M B Distan Rise Fall RL Remarks
ce ce
𝑩𝑴𝟏 1.057 1.023 0.989 ------- ------- ------- 1333.160 xx
1 0.400 1.050 0.650 xx
2 0.364 0.327 0.290 1327.673
3 1.136 1.067 0.99 2.875 2.830 2.785 2.503 1325.170
4 0.250 0.180 0.110 1.730 1.675 1.620 0.608 1324.562
𝐵𝑀2 ------- ------- ------- 1.550 1.480 1.410 1.300 1323.262 𝐵𝑀3

## 𝑩𝑴𝟐 𝒕𝒐 𝑩𝑴𝟑 ( R.L transfer Process)

𝐵𝑀2 12.7 1.080 1.016 0.953 ------- ------- ------- ------- ---- ------- 1323.262 𝐵𝑀2

1 16.0 0.800 0.720 0.640 1.890 1.824 1.758 13.2 ---- 0.808 1322.454
𝐵𝑀3 ------- ------- ------- ------- 0.928 0.850 0.772 15.2 ---- 0.130 1322.324 𝐵𝑀3

P a g e | 33

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Tachometric Surveying Field Book

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑪𝒑𝟏 Height of Instrument: 1.35 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝒎𝟖
Sighted To Horizontal Distances (m) Target/Prism RL of Point Remarks
Angle (HA) Horizontal (H) Vertical (±V) Height(m) (m)
𝐵𝑚8 000°00'00'' 78.989 -10.420 1.6 m 1324.685 R.L of Instrument Station = 1335.491 m
Tree 330°22'43'' 5.668 0.284 '''' 1335.525 Here, R.L of other target point = R.L of
Start solar panel 079°20'25'' 6.460 -0.110 '''' 1335.131 instrument station + Height of
End solar panel 096°09'58'' 9.108 -0.133 '''' 1335.108 Instrument ± Vertical Height – Prism
'Mid solar panel 198°53'06'' 9.108 0.233 '''' 1335.474 height
Mid solar panel 097°06'02'' 17.184 -0.122 1.8 m 1334.919
Tree 051°14'24'' 24.188 -0.480 '''' 1333.211
Building Corner 038°29'18'' 28.084 -2.522 '''' 1332.519
Building Corner 029°80'08'' 20.716 -2.216 1.9 m 1332.727
Tree 045°38'13'' 34.141 -1.399 '''' 1333.542
Edge of road 045°08'13'' 38.112 -2.591 '''' 1332.350
Truss way 049°31'11'' 38.163 -0.666 1.7 m 1332.475
Building Portion 056°53'00'' 41.339 -0.893 '''' 1334.248
Building Portion 066°50'39'' 37.600 -0.975 '''' 1334.166
Tree 069°30'35'' 31.259 -0.559 '''' 1334.582
Tree 077°17'47'' 28.443 -0.476 '''' 1334.665
Tree 074°10'17'' 26.010 -0.367 '''' 1334.774
Canteen 096°54'43'' 30.729 0.040 '''' 1335.181
Canteen Corner 295°52'40'' 5.583 0.179 '''' 1335.320
Canteen Corner 240°58'55'' 8.103 0.028 '''' 1335.169
Canteen Corner 224°11'46'' 13.941 0.120 '''' 1335.261
Canteen Corner 217°44'52'' 20.478 0.171 '''' 1335.312
Canteen Corner 215°17'03'' 27.130 -0.392 '''' 1334.749
Tree 212°01'11'' 20.622 0.252 '''' 1335.393
𝐵𝑚7 197°30'01'' 14.166 0.121 '''' 1321.696

P a g e | 34

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Tachometric Surveying Field Book

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:-EA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟐 Height of Instrument: 1.495 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝒎𝟏
Sighted To Horizontal Distances (m) Target/Prism RL of Point Remarks
Angle (HA) Horizontal (H) Vertical (±V) Height(m) (m)
𝐵𝑚1 000°00'00'' 92.250 8.230 2.150 1333.160 R.L of Instrument Station = 1323.262 m
Road Edge 349°19'19'' 80.983 8.075 '''' 1330.682 Here, R.L of other target point = R.L of
Tree 347°42'51'' 79.319 7.704 '''' 1330.312 instrument station + Height of
Road Edge 356°43'23'' 76.834 8.067 '''' 1330.674 Instrument ± Vertical Height – Prism
Electric Pole 005°34'36'' 75.312 7.603 '''' 1330.210 height
Tree 010°16'35'' 71.409 7.363 '''' 1329.970
Tree 015°16'31'' 71.822 7.434 2.000 m 1330.191
Ground Level 023°08'30'' 71.252 7.296 '''' 1330.053
Ground Level 016°26'42'' 62.169 5.428 '''' 1328.185
Ground Level 009°52'48'' 61.065 5.023 '''' 1327.780
Tree 027°03'56'' 59.100 4.531 '''' 1327.288
Tree 037°48'16'' 62.243 5.385 1.700 m 1328.442
Tree 035°10'00'' 62.331 5.377 '''' 1328.434
Tree 034°01'35'' 54.968 3.752 '''' 1326.809
Tree 050°50'09'' 58.010 3.770 '''' 1326.827
Tree 060°30'10'' 60.864 3.179 '''' 1325.966
Tree 058°01'46'' 64.699 4.198 '''' 1324.855
Tree 061°08''14'' 72.259 5.644 1.550 m 1328.851
Tree 064°17'46'' 71.525 3.709 '''' 1326.916
Ground Level 067°35'27'' 66.636 2.599 '''' 1325.806
Ground Level 069°32'25'' 69.216 2.664 '''' 1325.871
Ground Level 069°02'25'' 65.273 2.087 '''' 1325.294
Ground Level 062°35'54'' 62.347 1.688 '''' 1324.895
Ground Level 049°23'05'' 54.833 2.532 '''' 1325.742
Ground Level 037°29'05'' 47.149 1.864 '''' 1325.071

P a g e | 35

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟐 Height of Instrument: 1.495 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝒎𝟏
Sighted To Horizontal Distances (m) Target/Prism RL of Point Remarks
Angle (HA) Horizontal (H) Vertical (±V) Height(m)
Ground Level 025°49'01'' 45.336 2.128 1.750 m 1325.135 R.L of Instrument Station = 1323.262 m
Ground Level 009°49'08'' 50.205 2.887 '''' 1325.894 Here, R.L of other target point = R.L of
Ground Level 000°55'39'' 53.878 3.432 '''' 1326.439 instrument station + Height of
Ground Level 006°37'21'' 43.924 2.169 '''' 1325.176
Instrument ± Vertical Height – Prism
Ground Level 019°03'12'' 42.158 1.733 '''' 1324.740
height
Ground Level 030°39'10'' 38.150 0.681 1.300 m 1324.138
Ground Level 022°48'41'' 27.507 -0.155 '''' 1323.302
Ground Level 002°21'44'' 24.721 0.205 '''' 1323.662
Ground Level 348°55'06'' 21.926 0.245 '''' 1323.702
Ground Level 359°45'48'' 21.372 -0.012 1.400 m 1323.345
Ground Level 024°53'24'' 16.446 -0.084 '''' 1323.273
Ground Level 061°52'02'' 20.518 -0.456 '''' 1322.901
Ground Level 078°08'38'' 23.736 -0.931 '''' 1322.426
Ground Level 086°45'20'' 27.281 -1.038 '''' 1322.319
Ground Level 094°18'12'' 32.809 -1.154 1.800 m 1321.803
Ground Level 079°03'55'' 51.853 -0.358 '''' 1322.599
Ground Level 094°45'16'' 45.218 -1.218 '''' 1321.739
Ground Level 102°12'57'' 45.218 -1.395 '''' 1321.562
Ground Level 105°50'11'' 33.171 -1.284 1.700 m 1321.773
Ground Level 106°56'54'' 25.175 -0.879 '''' 1322.178
Ground Level 131°22'37'' 29.195 -1.258 '''' 1321.799
Building Corner 157°12'00'' 31.864 -0.741 '''' 1322.316
Surveyed by:- Suman Jyoti Computed by:- Suman Jyoti Checked By:-

P a g e | 36

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟐 Height of Instrument: 1.495 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟏
Sighted To Horizontal Distances (m) Target/Prism RL of Point Remarks
Angle (HA) Horizontal (H) Vertical (±V) Height(m)
Middle of BC 179°10'00'' 31.864 0.779 1.700 m 1323.836 R.L of Instrument Station = 1323.262 m
Ground Point 187°54'06'' 35.540 0.876 '''' 1323.933 Here, R.L of other target point = R.L of
Well Slab 179°35'12'' 23.581 -0.377 '''' 1322.680 instrument station + Height of
Building Corner 216°41'42'' 13.934 0.331 '''' 1323.388
Instrument ± Vertical Height – Prism
Ground Point 239°30'00'' 18.485 0.943 '''' 1324.000
height
Ground Point 289°01'06'' 05.129 0.253 '''' 1323.310
Ground Point 291°21'44'' 08.097 0.025 1.550 m 1323.232
Ground Point 057°52'46'' 08.097 0.123 '''' 1323.330
Ground Point 093°46'40'' 04.845 -0.286 '''' 1322.921
Soak Pit 136°45'46'' 07.017 -0.252 '''' 1322.955

Surveyed by:- Suman Jyoti Computed by:- Suman Jyoti Checked By:-

P a g e | 37

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟔 Height of Instrument: 1.953 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟓
Sighted To Horizontal Distances (m) Target/Prism RL of Point Sketch
Angle (HA) Horizontal (H) Vertical (±V) Height(m)
𝐵𝑀5 000°00'00'' 66.046 -0.346 2.000 m 1319.402 R.L of Instrument Station = 1319.517 m
Ground Point 078°48'06'' 45.873 2.061 '''' 1321.531 Here, R.L of other target point = R.L of
Ground Point 079°15'15'' 59.130 3.086 '''' 1322.556 instrument station + Height of
Ground Point 082°44'53'' 64.780 2.788 '''' 1322.258 Instrument ± Vertical Height – Prism
𝐵𝑀7 086°25'36'' 69.634 2.714 '''' 1322.184 height
Boundary Corner 090°38'31'' 74.580 1.284 '''' 1320.754
Ground Point 080°49'40'' 78.620 3.193 '''' 1322.663
Ground Point 076°14'18'' 97.326 4.196 '''' 1323.666
Tree 076°23'38'' 116.926 4.866 '''' 1324.336
Boundary Corner 083°03'46'' 105.967 2.567 '''' 1322.037
Tree 081°57'15'' 97.979 3.103 2.150 m 1322.403
Ground Point 087°01'11'' 66.567 3.057 '''' 1322.377
Ground Point 093°15'14'' 51.297 1.080 '''' 1320.430
Ground Point 096°02'13'' 41.738 0.482 '''' 1319.802
Ground Point 095°12'41'' 30.220 0.955 '''' 1320.275
Ground Point 118°02'54'' 29.513 -2.127 '''' 1317.193
Ground Point 134°02'10'' 29.513 -2.540 '''' 1316.780
Ground Point 142°20'52'' 38.701 -6.000 '''' 1313.320
Boundary Corner 149°54'52'' 38.701 -5.481 '''' 1313.839
Tree 134°56'33'' 45.206 -4.412 '''' 1314.908
Boundary Corner 123°49'40'' 61.219 -5.709 '''' 1313.611
Tree 118°57'53'' 67.932 -5.821 '''' 1313.499
Surveyed by:- Suman Jyoti Computed by:- Suman Jyoti Checked By:-

P a g e | 38

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟔 Height of Instrument: 1.953 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟓
Sighted To Horizontal Distances (m) Target/Prism RL of Point Remarks
Angle (HA) Horizontal (H) Vertical (±V) Height(m)
Boundary Corner 115°03'37'' 86.016 -6.653 2.150 m 1312.552 R.L of Instrument Station = 1319.517 m
Boundary Corner 109°03'48'' 81.261 -4.927 '''' 1314.393 Here, R.L of other target point = R.L of
Tree 101°25'07'' 87.329 -4.322 '''' 1314.998 instrument station + Height of
Ground Point 109°24'18'' 56.430 -3.155 '''' 1316.165
Instrument ± Vertical Height – Prism
Ground Point 117°16'12'' 54.846 -3.725 '''' 1315.595
height
Corner of wall 155°03'34'' 34.157 -5.727 2.000 m 1313.743
Building Corner 161°32'53'' 32.689 -5.725 '''' 1313.745
Building Corner 168°33'02'' 31.698 -5.828 '''' 1313.642
Building Corner 170°22'03'' 36.609 -6.007 '''' 1313.463
Ground Point 172°56'23'' 35.324 -6.217 '''' 1313.253
Gate wall left 175°13'05'' 33.645 -5.443 '''' 1314.027
Gate wall right 183°43'42'' 32.966 -5.616 '''' 1313.854
Gate middle part 179°39'17'' 35.912 -5.883 '''' 1313.587
Right part of gate 176°56'15'' 35.624 -5.987 '''' 1313.483
Left part of gate 186°44'07'' 32.905 -6.130 '''' 1313.340
Ground Point 190°16'42'' 32.905 -6.735 '''' 1312.735
Ground Point 164°57'37'' 24.418 -4.037 '''' 1315.433
Ground Point 186°05'00'' 20.693 -4.958 2.15 m 1314.362
Ground Point 181°07'05'' 16.006 -3.811 '''' 1315.509
Fence Boundary 191°30'05'' 24.575 -4.089 '''' 1315.231
Fence Boundary 217°50'29'' 65.641 -7.543 '''' 1311.777
Fence Boundary 220°48'10'' 62.721 -7.177 '''' 1312.143
Surveyed by:- Suman Jyoti Computed by:- Suman Jyoti Checked By:-

P a g e | 39

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟔 Height of Instrument: 1.953 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟓
Sighted To Horizontal Distances (m) Target/Prism RL of Point Remarks
Angle (HA) Horizontal (H) Vertical (±V) Height(m)
Fence Boundary 202°18'29'' 46.338 -7.708 2.150 m 1311.612
Fence Boundary 191°58'25'' 46.338 -10.007 '''' 1309.313 R.L of Instrument Station = 1319.517 m
Sewer Line 191°40'43'' 28.627 -5.555 '''' 1313.765 Here, R.L of other target point = R.L of
Ground Point 200°57'35'' 28.627 -7.134 '''' 1312.186 instrument station + Height of
Ground Point 225°45'49'' 17.580 -0.955 '''' 1318.365 Instrument ± Vertical Height – Prism
Ground Point 227°31'11'' 14.574 -2.064 '''' 1319.256
height
Tree 235°05'54'' 09.883 0.657 '''' 1318.663
Ground Point 241°35'22'' 01.710 -0.175 '''' 1319.145
Boundary Corner 313°59'51'' 11.272 -2.052 '''' 1317.268
Boundary Corner 303°14'54'' 10.348 -2.487 '''' 1316.833
Height of Instrument: 1.440 m
𝐵𝑀5 000°00''00'' 66.046 0.142 1.700 m 1319.402
Ground Point 005°25''21'' 63.629 0.469 '''' 1319.726
Ground Point 010°40''01'' 63.939 1.995 '''' 1321.252
Boundary Corner 004°29''54'' 83.859 1.854 '''' 1321.111
Boundary Corner 001°23''29'' 79.168 1.005 '''' 1320.262
Tree 355°00''53'' 66.059 -0.423 '''' 1316.800
Boundary Corner 350°23''21'' 64.709 -1.175 '''' 1317.552
Boundary Corner 347°46''09'' 62.310 -2.057 '''' 1318.434
Boundary Corner 342°38''33'' 59.015 -1.002 2.150 m 1316.929
Boundary Corner 344°35''07'' 50.256 -1.973 '''' 1317.900
Ground Point 351°13''58'' 43.319 -1.959 '''' 1317.886
Surveyed by:- Suman Jyoti Computed by:- Suman Jyoti Checked By:-

P a g e | 40

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟔 Height of Instrument: 1.440 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟓
Sighted To Horizontal Distances (m) Target/Prism RL of Point Remarks
Angle (HA) Horizontal (H) Vertical (±V) Height(m)
Ground Point 02°25'27'' 38.679 -1.707 2.150 m 1317.634 R.L of Instrument Station = 1319.517 m
Ground Point 12°15'38'' 38.513 -0.412 '''' 1318.339 Here, R.L of other target point = R.L of
Ground Point 27°56'23'' 50.753 1.897 '''' 1320.704 instrument station + Height of
Ground Point 23°46'06'' 56.859 2.005 '''' 1320.812
Instrument ± Vertical Height – Prism
Ground Point 16°36'31'' 64.765 1.795 '''' 1320.602
height
Ground Point 11°14'45'' 67.935 2.427 '''' 1321.234
Ground Point 05°44'31'' 42.740 1.977 '''' 1320.784
Ground Point 08°35'28'' 82.141 2.439 '''' 1321.246
Ground Point 12°33'15'' 79.387 2.416 '''' 1321.223
Ground Point 17°36'56'' 76.481 2.466 '''' 1321.273
Ground Point 23°02'57'' 71.221 2.341 '''' 1321.148
Ground Point 36°54'07'' 68.777 2.381 '''' 1321.188
Ground Point 30°42'19'' 77.024 2.823 '''' 1321.630
Ground Point 32°58'50'' 79.068 3.986 '''' 1322.793
Ground Point 31°24'27'' 79.368 3.624 '''' 1322.430
Ground Point 30°01'41'' 79.912 3.509 '''' 1322.436
Ground Point 25°45'30'' 83.525 3.428 '''' 1322.235
Ground Point 24°08'47'' 85.329 3.560 '''' 1322.367
Ground Point 21°06'31'' 88.683 3.983 '''' 1322.790
Ground Point 16°55'54'' 92.051 3.982 '''' 1322.789
Boundary Corner 14°38'10'' 82.179 4.052 '''' 1322.859
Boundary Corner 13°30'19'' 82.421 3.331 '''' 1322.138
Surveyed by:- Suman Jyoti Computed by:- Suman Jyoti Checked By:-

P a g e | 41

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟔 Height of Instrument: 1.440 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟓
Sighted To Horizontal Distances (m) Target/Prism RL of Point Remarks
Angle (HA) Horizontal (H) Vertical (±V) Height(m)
Ground Point 09°25'09'' 81.798 2.437 2.150 m 1321.244 R.L of Instrument Station = 1319.517 m
Ground Point 08°58'46'' 94.486 3.066 '''' 1321.843 Here, R.L of other target point = R.L of
Ground Point 11°27'30'' 94.256 3.380 '''' 1322.187 instrument station + Height of
Ground Point 13°31'32'' 97.546 3.847 '''' 1322.654
Instrument ± Vertical Height – Prism
Ground Point 17°23'40'' 98.849 4.515 '''' 1323.322
height
Ground Point 21°29'57'' 100.025 5.016 '''' 1323.823
Ground Point 36°02'09'' 105.871 6.482 '''' 1325.289
Lamp Post 25°57'51'' 118.816 6.644 '''' 1325.451
Tree 20°53'37'' 122.682 6.639 '''' 1325.446
Lamp post 18°27'45'' 127.637 6.020 '''' 1324.827
Ground Point 21°01'01'' 120.208 7.192 '''' 1325.999
Road Edge 43°23'16'' 111.046 7.752 '''' 1326.559
Lamp Post 48°45'44'' 108.041 7.555 '''' 1326.362
Tree 48°10'39'' 116.721 8.081 '''' 1326.888
Tree 47°30'39'' 127.201 9.259 '''' 1328.066
Lamp Post 53°32'56'' 74.522 4.247 '''' 1323.054
Tree 54°26'04'' 73.927 4.077 '''' 1322.884
Boundary Corner 50°46'16'' 133.145 10.433 '''' 1329.240
Tree 47°34'48'' 138.452 10.416 '''' 1329.223
Boundary Corner 53°22'37'' 122.103 9.943 '''' 1328.750
Tree 53°47'19'' 120.054 9.830 '''' 1328.637
Ground Level 51°33'06'' 105.420 7.950 '''' 1326.757
Surveyed by:- Suman Jyoti Computed by:- Suman Jyoti Checked By:-

P a g e | 42

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟔 Height of Instrument: 1.440 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟓
Sighted To Horizontal Distances (m) Target/Prism RL of Point Remarks
Angle (HA) Horizontal (H) Vertical (±V) Height(m)
Building Corner 55°23'39'' 105.420 7.574 2.150 m 1326.381 R.L of Instrument Station = 1319.517 m
Building Corner 55°38'29'' 97.421 7.398 '''' 1326.205 Here, R.L of other target point = R.L of
Ground Level 53°32'15'' 97.566 7.489 '''' 1326.296 instrument station + Height of
Ground Level 60°37'39'' 91.836 7.429 '''' 1326.236
Instrument ± Vertical Height – Prism
Building Corner 63°09'37'' 103.164 7.347 '''' 1326.154
height
Building Corner 34°07'57'' 102.091 7.324 '''' 1326.131
Building Corner 60°39'14'' 85.780 5.327 '''' 1324.134
Building Corner 63°36'35'' 78.085 3.694 '''' 1322.501

Surveyed by:- Suman Jyoti Computed by:- Suman Jyoti Checked By:-

P a g e | 43

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟑 (R.L = 1322.324) Height of Instrument: 1.430 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟐
Point Top Mid Bot Distance Distance
𝑩𝑴𝟐 000°00'00'' 089°56'50'' 0°03'10'' 0.860 0.580 0.300 56.000 +0.052 1323.262 𝐵𝑀2
1 013°05'30'' 092°08'20'' -2°08'20'' 1.135 1.002 0.870 26.463 -0.988 1321.764 Tree
2 024°20'50'' 092°22'30'' -2°22'30'' 1.399 1.296 1.194 20.464 -0.849 1321.609 Ground Point
3 041°55'50'' 091°02'40'' -1°02'40'' 1.523 1.356 1.190 33.288 -0.607 1321.791 Ground Point
4 045°45'00'' 094°48'40'' -4°48'40'' 1.256 1.149 1.004 25.022 -2.106 1320.499 Ground Point
5 058°38'50'' 095°20'50'' -5°20'50'' 1.295 1.155 1.016 27.657 -2.589 1320.010 Ground Point
6 055°53'10'' 094°04'00'' -4°04'00'' 0.646 0.465 0.286 35.818 -2.547 1320.742 Ground Point
7 057°44'50'' 091°15'50'' -1°15'50'' 1.220 1.000 0.800 41.979 -0.926 1321.828 Ground Point
8 084°21'40'' 094°10'40'' -4°10'40'' 1.157 1.010 0.865 29.045 -2.122 1320.622 Tree
9 090°38'20'' 095°05'40'' -5°05'40'' 1.257 1.201 1.143 11.310 -1.008 1321.545 Pole
10 048°51'10'' 096°45'40'' -6°45'40'' 1.038 1.006 0.974 40.037 -4.747 1327.495 Road Edge
11 110°13'20'' 101°16'00'' -11°16'00'' 1.645 1.601 1.558 08.367 -1.667 1320.486 Bamboo
12 193°05'20'' 098°34'20'' -8°34'20'' 1.200 1.100 1.000 19.555 -2.948 1319.706 Boundary
13 214°41'20'' 101°31'10'' -11°31'10'' 1.440 1.391 1.342 09.409 -1.918 1320.445 Tree
14 257°56'20'' 097°11'00'' -7°11'00'' 0.213 0.179 0.146 06.595 -0.831 1322.744 Pole
15 306°17'40'' 093°02'30'' -3°02'30'' 1.263 1.201 1.140 12.265 -0.652 1321.901 Ground Point
16 294°01'10'' 086°59'10'' 3°00'50'' 1.521 1.341 1.161 35.900 +1.890 1323.205 Ground Point
17 304°38'50'' 086°59'00'' 3°01'00'' 1.565 1.397 1.229 33.506 +1.766 1323.385 Building Edge
18 336°11'50'' 090°45'40'' -0°45'40'' 1.169 1.031 0.893 27.595 -0.367 1322.356 Ground Point
R.L of Instrument Station = 1322.324m
Hints- Here, R.L of other target point = R.L of instrument station + Height of Instrument ± Vertical Height – Middle wire readings

P a g e | 44

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟒 (R.L = 1321.930 m) Height of Instrument: 1.450 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟑
Point Top Mid Bot Distance Distance
𝑩𝑴𝟑 00°00'00'' 89°42'00'' 0°18'00'' 1.957 1.505 1.053 90.152 +0.473 1322.324 𝐵𝑀3
1 05°56'10'' 90°32'20'' -0°32'20'' 1.900 1.660 1.421 47.895 -0.450 1321.270 Pole
2 03°21'50'' 90°48'50'' -0°48'50'' 1.230 1.001 0.772 54.189 -0.770 1321.609 Tree
3 44°53'30'' 85°52'20'' 4°07'40'' 0.629 0.480 0.332 29.546 +2.132 1325.032 Ground Point
4 57°15'30'' 84°56'20'' 5°03'40'' 0.849 0.727 0.605 24.210 +2.144 1324.797 Ground Point
5 59°26'50'' 83°36'50'' 6°23'10'' 1.182 1.003 0.824 35.357 +3.957 1326.334 Ground Point
6 64°35'40'' 83°12'20'' 6°47'40'' 1.422 1.210 1.000 41.609 +4.957 1327.127 Ground Point
7 75°04'50'' 82°57'40'' 7°02'20'' 1.551 1.321 0.091 14.380 +1.776 1323.835 Ground Point
8 84°31'40'' 83°20'20'' 6°39'40'' 1.660 1.367 1.125 52.780 +6.164 1328.177 Ground Point
9 109°13'00'' 81°53'50'' 8°06'10'' 0.720 0.670 0.620 09.801 +1.395 1324.105 Ground Point
10 123°14'00'' 85°21'30'' 4°38'30'' 1.940 1.820 1.720 21.855 +1.774 1323.334 Tree
11 134°42'50'' 85°12'50'' 4°47'10'' 1.330 1.300 1.270 05.958 +0.499 1322.579 Ground Point
12 164°13'00'' 93°35'30'' -3°35'30'' 0.970 0.940 0.910 05.976 -0.375 1322.065 Ground Point
13 196°22'20'' 91°49'40'' -1°49'40'' 1.442 1.380 1.318 12.387 -0.395 1321.605 Ground Point
14 172°38'00'' 89°45'20'' 0°14'40'' 1.456 1.380 1.304 15.199 +0.065 1322.065 Ground Point
15 188°03'40'' 90°40'10'' -0°40'10'' 1.746 1.658 1.572 17.397 -0.203 1321.519 Ground Point
16 194°37'20'' 94°33'20'' -4°33'20'' 0.990 0.900 0.810 11.725 -0.934 1321.546 Ground Point
17 209°32'50'' 93°18'30'' -3°18'30'' 1.850 1.740 1.630 21.926 -1.267 1320.373 Ground Point
18 202°43'30'' 93°18'10'' -3°18'10'' 1.700 1.152 1.228 47.043 -2.715 1319.513 Boundary wall

Surveyed by:- Bishnu pd. Bhandari Computed by:- Suman Jyoti Checked By:-

P a g e | 45

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟒 Height of Instrument: 1.450 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟑
Point Top Mid Bot Distance Distance
19 241°33'10'' 97°40'30'' -7°40'30'' 0.712 0.674 0.636 7.464 -1.006 1321.700 Ground Point
20 258°33'10'' 97°41'10'' -7°41'10'' 1.715 1.690 1.665 4.910 -0.663 1321.027 Ground Point
21 279°39'00'' 87°24'00'' 2°36'00'' 1.310 1.250 1.190 11.975 +0.544 1322.674 Tree
22 288°57'50'' 90°40'10'' -0°40'10'' 1.430 1.370 1.310 11.998 -0.140 1321.870 Ground Level
23 244°36'40'' 94°40'30'' -4°40'30'' 0.895 0.800 0.705 18.748 -1.543 1321.037 Ground Level
24 241°23'10'' 94°33'10'' -4°33'10'' 0.520 0.420 0.320 19.873 -1.583 1321.377 Ground Level
25 142°09'10'' 81°56'20'' 8°03'40'' 1.800 1.746 1.680 11.764 +1.666 1323.300 Ground Level
26 110°01'00'' 85°35'00'' 4°25'00'' 1.920 1.840 1.760 15.905 +1.228 1322.768 Fence Pole
27 338°30'40'' 97°38'40'' -7°38'40'' 1.080 1.060 1.040 3.929 -0.527 1321.793 Ground Level
28 347°02'50'' 98°31'50'' -8°31'50'' 0.900 0.850 0.800 9.779 -1.467 1321.063 Ground Level
29 333°19'30'' 95°32'40'' -5°32'40'' 1.300 1.215 1.130 16.841 -1.635 1320.530 Ground Level
30 355°09'20'' 93°04'10'' -3°04'10'' 1.820 1.730 1.640 17.948 -0.962 1320.688 Ground Level
31 296°58'20'' 94°08'20'' -4°08'20'' 1.510 1.450 1.390 11.937 -0.864 1321.066 Ground Level

Surveyed by:- Bishnu pd. Bhandari Computed by:- Suman Jyoti Checked By:-

P a g e | 46

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟖 (R.L = 1324.685 m) Height of Instrument: 1.215 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟕
Point Top Mid Bot Distance Distance
𝑩𝑴𝟕 000°00'00'' 92°13'10'' -2°13'10'' 1.621 1.252 0.882 73.789 -2.860 1321.696 𝐵𝑀7
1 345°27'50'' 92°13'20'' -2°13'20'' 1.082 0.956 0.835 24.662 -0.957 1323.987 Tree
2 017°59'10'' 83°57'40'' 6°02'20'' 1.776 1.695 1.617 15.724 +1.663 1325.868 Ground Point
3 27°39'20'' 84°03'00'' 5°57'00'' 1.580 1.490 1.401 17.707 +1.846 1326.256 Building Corner
4 50°51'00'' 85°04'00'' 4°56'00'' 1.555 1.465 1.376 17.767 +1.534 1325.969 Building Corner
5 79°22'40'' 84°03'00'' 5°57'00'' 0.914 0.824 0.734 17.806 +1.856 1326.932 Ground Point
6 65°28'50'' 91°02'00'' -1°02'00'' 1.057 1.003 0.948 10.896 -0.197 1324.700 Tree
7 99°27'50'' 91°04'00'' -1°04'00'' 0.497 0.433 0.369 12.795 -0.238 1325.229 Ground Point
8 96°38'00'' 79°36'30'' 10°23'30'' 1.800 0.670 1.542 24.960 +4.577 1329.807 Building Corner
9 109°41'10'' 79°40'40'' 10°19'20'' 1.210 1.100 0.991 21.196 +3.860 1328.660 Ground Point
10 97°56'10'' 82°13'50'' 7°46'10'' 0.800 0.701 0.603 19.519 +2.639 1327.838 Ground Point
11 126°13'40'' 80°23'50'' 9°36'10'' 0.483 0.381 0.278 19.929 +3.372 1328.891 Septic tank
12 133°47'10'' 81°08'30'' 8°51'30'' 0.752 0.627 0.502 24.407 +3.800 1329.073 Ground Point
13 145°53'30'' 83°29'30'' 6°30'30'' 1.404 1.240 1.078 32.181 +3.671 1328.331 Tree
14 143°58'40'' 84°20'30'' 5°39'30'' 1.267 1.081 0.895 36.838 +3.650 1328.469 Tree
15 195°36'10'' 81°39'40'' 8°20'20'' 1.344 1.100 0.854 44.640 +6.543 1331.343 Lamp post
16 142°43'00'' 82°11'00'' 7°49'00'' 0.800 0.550 0.300 49.075 +6.737 1332.087 Ground Point
17 157°37'50'' 82°07'50'' 7°52'10'' 1.786 1.534 1.281 49.553 +6.850 1325.216 Ground Point
18 162°03'02'' 84°37'40'' 5°22'20'' 1.125 0.890 0.655 46.588 +4.381 1329.391 Ground Point
19 151°16'10'' 83°22'50'' 6°37'10'' 1.584 1.474 1.364 21.707 +2.520 1326.946 Ground Point
20 182°01'30'' 86°25'40'' 3°34'20'' 1.715 1.461 1.205 50.802 +3.171 1327.610 Boundary corner
Surveyed by:- Bishnu pd. Bhandari Computed by:- Suman Jyoti Checked By:-

P a g e | 47

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟖 (R.L = 1324.685 m Height of Instrument: 1.215 m Zero set at:- 𝑩𝑴𝟕
Point Top Mid Bot Distance Distance
21 185°49'40'' 87°33'50'' 2°26'10'' 1.612 1.360 1.105 50.608 +2.153 1326.693 Boundary corner
22 190°57'30'' 90°13'30'' -0°13'30'' 1.476 1.351 1.223 25.299 -0.099 1324.540 Tree
23 194°43'30'' 90°19'20'' -0°19'20'' 1.781 1.645 1.511 26.999 -0.152 1324.103 Boundary corner
24 188°42'20'' 90°12'20'' -0°12'20'' 1.616 1.536 1.456 15.999 -0.057 1324.307 Tree
25 207°58'00'' 93°58'40'' -3°58'40'' 1.477 1.441 1.404 7.264 -0.505 1323.954 Boundary corner
26 239°54'00'' 97°53'50'' -7°53'50'' 1.293 1.274 1.254 3.826 -0.531 1324.095 Boundary corner
27 331°49'10'' 92°51'00'' -2°51'00'' 1.945 1.901 1.856 8.877 -0.442 1323.557 Boundary corner
28 356°08'00'' 90°50'00'' -0°50'00'' 1.489 1.454 1.420 3.399 -0.050 1324.396 Ground Point

Surveyed by:- Bishnu pd. Bhandari Computed by:- Suman Jyoti Checked By:-

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

P a g e | 48

The site for survey camping was the NEA Training Center area of Kharipati, Bhaktapur. The
pattern was very suitable because all the facilities for engineering work were available with the
good environment. In morning time the climate is unsuitable for doing work except due to the
cause of frozen, due and cool at least 2 hours. The fooding facilities were hygienic and fresh.
The scheduled was not followed then the teachers and the students were tired of their days
work and could not concentrate on the briefing. In the field, even though the teachers helped
us a lot, we felt that their visiting is not sufficient. We hope that above mentioned problems
will be solved and the upcoming camps will run smoothly without any problems. Some other
problems during the field works were during fly leveling during transferring the R.L. from
given benchmark to the T.B.M. due to the disturbance by climatic condition.

Conclusion:
The given Topography survey camp work was finished satisfactorily within the given span of
time. For surveying, theory can only taken as the introduction but if there
is practice, there will be much gain of knowledge about the techniques of surveying. The
subject survey needs practice as much as possible. Thus, this camp helps us by practicing the
survey work to gain the much essential knowledge as far as possible. It is better to say that it
provides us a confidence to perform survey and apply the techniques at any type of problem
facing during the actual work in the future career.

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

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Chapter Three
BRIDGE SITE SURVEY

3.1 Overview
Introduction:
Bridge construction is an important aspect in the development of transportation network and in
the development of the national economy. Surveying is required for topographical mapping,
while the knowledge of longitudinal section of the river and cross-sections at both the upstream
and in downstream side of the river are essential. Also the river flow level in different seasons
should be taken in consideration before the designing of bridge.
Objectives:
The adequate functioning of a road depends to a large extent on the effectiveness of the cross
drainage like bridges etc. The main objective of the bridge site survey is to give the students
the preliminary knowledge on selection and planning of possible bridge site and axis for the
future construction of the bridge.
The purpose of the bridge site survey was not only to prepare plan and layout of the bridge
site but also from the engineering point of view, the purpose is to collect the preliminary
data about the site such as normal water flow level, high flood level, geological features of the
ground for planning and designing of the bridge from the details taken during the surveying.
Moreover bridge construction is an important aspect in the development of transportation
network. Surveying is required for topographical mapping, knowledge of longitudinal sections
of the river and cross sections at both the upstream and downstream side of the river for the
construction of a bridge. The following were the main objectives of the bridge site survey.
a. To develop an idea of proper selection of the site for bridges such that the bridge axis
should be as short as possible and should be stable, safe and economic.
b. To prepare the topographical map for the river site by carrying out topographical
survey and hence draw the longitudinal and cross sections of the rivers at required
upstream and downstream of the river.
c. To depict the nature of river flow.

Instruments required:

##  Theodolite with Tripod Stand

 Tape/ Chain
 Auto Level with Tripod Stand
 Ranging rod
 Pegs/Arrows and Hammer
 Prismatic Compass with Stand.
 Marker or Enamel

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## 3.2 Brief description of area:

Bridge site survey was conducted over a small spring stream on the Near Chaukote Tole River,
Bansbari -Bhaktapur. The spring collects water etc. coming from the departments and flows
through a ravine formed by hill slopes. Our site was lie below the NEA training departments.
The site was small so easily to crossing river from water level. No huge construction are to be
found near the site. It was plain area/near of terrace field but so many vehicles were obstruct
to our work.
 Hydrology, Geology and Soil Condition
Trees surrounded the site. There are no rocks. The nearest ground is suitable for agriculture.
The soil was soft and sandy. It was gray in color. The hill slopes on all sides are not very steep
and are thus geologically stable. There is not much water to be found on the bridge site. The
water is collected only from spring sources.

## 3.3 Technical Specification (Norms):

A bridge site topographical survey was carried out and the alignment of the bridge axis
was fixed by triangulation.
 Two base lines were measured by tape with two way linear measurement.
Along with these we are also supposed to take L-section and X-section of the river downstream
and upstream.
 A topographic map was prepared by tachometric surveying and longitudinal and cross-
sectional profile of the area was drawn.

3.4 Methodology:
The various methods performed during the bridge site survey were triangulation, leveling,
tachometry, cross section, L-section etc. The brief descriptions of the some methodologies were
given below:-
 Recce:
The bridge site was observed and the overview of the placement of axis was made.
 Site Selection:
The selection of bridge site is an art and requires considerable investigations. There are various
factors for the selection of bridge site such as geological condition, socio-economic and
ecological aspect etc. Therefore, the sites was chosen such that it should be at well-defined and
stable banks. The site should be on a straight reach of the stream. The site which is sufficiently
away from the confluences of large tributaries, which offers a square crossing & more
advantageous foundation conditions, which is sufficiently away from landslides & flood should
be preferred.
The bridge axis should be so located that it should be fairly perpendicular to the
flow direction and at the same time, the river width should be narrow from the economical
point of view and the free board should be at least 5m.The starting point of bridge axis should
not in any way lie or touch the curve of the road. A site which blends with the topography and
landscape will be aesthetically pleasing. Keeping in minds the above factors, the bridge site
was selected. For the purpose of the shortest span, the stations were set perpendicular to the
river flow direction. The riverbanks were not eroded and were suitable for bridge construction.
The chance of change of direction of river on the selected axis line was nominal.

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##  Fixing of control points and triangulation

First bridge axis was set and horizontal control stations were fixed on either side for detailing.
Distances between stations on the same sides of river i.e. base line were measured with tape
precisely. Then the interconnecting triangles were formed and horizontal angles (two set) were
measured with theodolite. Thus the horizontal control was set out. For vertical control, the level
was transferred from the TBM (located at right bank)to the control points and was transferred
to the stations on the next bank by reciprocal leveling. Triangulation was performed for the
determination of the approximate span of the bridge axis.
The triangulation stations can be taken as the control points for detailing. Two points on either
bank of the river were fixed as control points and one of the sides of the triangle was taken as
the bridge axis. Then two triangles from each bank were fixed. The base line was measured
accurately by two ways linear measurement as well as tachometry and interior angles were
measured by taking two sets of HCR reading by theodolite. The accurate span of bridge was
computed by applying sine rule. To minimize the plotting error as far as possible well-
conditioned triangles were constructed i.e. the angles greater than 30 degree, less then 120
degree and nearer to 60 degree. The best triangle is equilateral triangle.
 Topographic survey
The topographic survey of bridge site was done with the help of theodolite. The important
details, which were not included in the cross-section data, were taken. Trigonometric leveling
may be performed to find out the RL of the inaccessible points, but this situation was
not arrived in the given bridge site. All the detailing points were noted for the topographic
view of the bridge site.
 Longitudinal Section
The L-Section of the river is required to give an idea about the bed slope, nature of the riverbed,
and the variation in the elevations of the different points along the length of the river. Keeping
the instrument at the control (traverse) stations on the river banks, the staff readings were taken
at different points along the center line of the river up to a 80 meters upstream and 80 m
downstream. The R.L of the traverse stations being known previously; the levels of the
different points on the river were calculated. Then the L-Section of the riverbed was plotted on
a graph paper on scale 1:100 for vertical and 1:1000 for horizontal.
 Leveling:
Transferring R.L. from B.M. to control points: The R.L of benchmark TBM= 1628.325m(located at
right bank) was given and was transferred to the triangulation stations by fly leveling along the
turning,points by taking the back sight reading to the bench mark which should be within the
given accuracy.
 Cross-Section
For the cross-section of the river, the staff readings were taken at an interval of 20m. This was
done up to 80m downstream and 80m upstream. While taking the reading the staff was erected
on the bed of river. At every 20m chain age the readings were taken for cross sectioning. The
spot heights were taken where the change in slope was noticed or remarkable points were
noticed such as normal depth level flood depth level, riverbank, etc. Theodolite was used for
this purpose.

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

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 Reciprocal Leveling:
When it is required to carry leveling across a river, ravine or any obstacle requiring a long sight
between two points so situated that no place for the level can be found from which the lengths
of foresight & back sight will be even approximately equal, reciprocal leveling must be used
to obtain accuracy and to eliminate the error in instrument adjustment, combined effect of
earth’s curvature & the refraction of the atmosphere, and Variations in the average refraction.
Reciprocal leveling was carried out to transfer the R.L. from BM to A.
True difference in elevation between A and B = H = ha- (hb-e)
Also the true difference in elevation = H = (ha '- e)-hb'
Taking the average of the two differences we get the difference in elevation between A and B.

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

P a g e | 53

3.5 Calculation:
 Linear Measurement B D

From A to C
4.885+3.400 = 8.285 m
From C to A
4.690+3.596 = 8.286 m Downstream Upstream
Error = 0.001 m
Average = 8.2855 m
Precision = 1 in 8285.5

From B to D C A
2.535+5.990 = 8.525 m
From D to B Fig:- Bridge site Survey
4.960+3.563 = 8.523 m
Error = 0.002 m
Average = 8.524 m
Precision = 1 in 4265

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## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Instrument at:- A Height of Instrument:-…..

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
C L 0° 00' 00''
B L 90° 10' 10'' 90° 10' 10''
B R 270° 10' 10'' 90° 10' 10''
C R 180° 00' 00'' 90° 10' 10''
Instrument at:- 𝑨 Height of Instrument:-…..

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
C L 0° 00' 00''
D L 127° 27' 50'' 127° 27' 50''
D R 307° 27' 50'' 127° 27' 50''
C R 180° 00' 00'' 127° 27' 50''
Instrument at:- 𝑩 Height of Instrument:-…..

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
D L 0° 00' 00''
A L 73° 19' 10'' 73° 19' 10''
A R 253° 19' 20'' 73° 19' 15''
D R 180° 00' 00'' 73° 19' 20''
Instrument at:- B Height of Instrument:-…..

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
D L 0° 00' 00''
C L 105° 18' 50'' 105° 18' 50''
C R 285° 18' 50'' 105° 18' 45''
D R 180° 00' 10'' 105° 18' 40''
Instrument at:- D Height of Instrument:-….

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
B L 0° 00' 00''
A L 69° 23' 10'' 69° 23' 10''
A R 249° 23' 10'' 69° 23' 10''
B R 180° 00' 00'' 69° 23' 10''

Measured by: Suman Jyoti Computed by: Suman Jyoti Checked by:……………………..

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## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Instrument at:- C Height of Instrument:- 1.95 m

## Sighted Face HCR HA Mean H.A

To 0 ' '' 0 ' '' 0 ' '' Remarks
B L 0° 00' 00''
A L 57° 50' 30'' 57° 50' 30''
A R 237° 50' 40'' 57° 50' 35''
B R 180° 00' 00'' 57° 50' 40''

 Angular Measurement
⦨CAB = 90°10'10'' ⦨BAD = 37°17'40''
⦨ABD = 73°19'15'' ⦨ABC = 31°59'40''
⦨CBD = 105°18'50'' ⦨ACB = 57°50'30''

## Sum of ⧍CAB = 180°00'20'' and Sum of ⧍ABD = 180°00'05''

Now,
By using sine law:-
At ⧍ABD, At ⧍ABC,

𝑨𝑩 𝑩𝑫 𝑨𝑩 𝑨𝑪
= =
𝑺𝒊𝒏 𝑫 𝑺𝒊𝒏 𝑨 𝑺𝒊𝒏 𝑫 𝑺𝒊𝒏 𝑩

𝑨𝑩 𝟖.𝟓𝟐𝟒 𝑨𝑩 𝟖.𝟐𝟖𝟓𝟓
= =
𝑺𝒊𝒏 𝟔𝟗°𝟐𝟑′𝟏𝟎′′ 𝑺𝒊𝒏 𝟑𝟕°𝟏𝟕′𝟒𝟎′′ 𝑺𝒊𝒏 𝟔𝟗°𝟐𝟑′𝟏𝟎′′ 𝑺𝒊𝒏 𝟑𝟏°𝟓𝟗′𝟒𝟎′′

AB = 13.1673 m AB = 14.636 m

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## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Station Distance BS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
BS FS Total T M B T M B
B.M 4.0 ------ -------- 0.280 0.300 0.320 ---------- --------- ---------- --------- --------- 1285.000 B.M
01 8.5 3.0 7.0 1.235 1.192 1.150 0.890 0.875 0.860 --------- 1.175 1283.825
02 8.8 7.6 16.1 1.370 1.326 1.282 0.462 1.424 1.386 --------- 0.232 1283.593
03 7.6 7.3 16.1 1.248 1.210 1.172 1.436 1.308 1.272 0.018 --------- 1283.611
04 5.7 8.4 16.0 1.302 1.273 1.245 1.106 1.064 1.022 0.146 -------- 1283.757
Setup A ---- 6.0 12.7 ---------- --------- ---------- 1.400 1.370 1.340 --------- 0.097 1283.660 Setup A

Setup A 5.3 ------ -------- 1.393 1.366 1.340 ---------- --------- ---------- ---------- --------- 1283.660 Setup A
01 8.5 5.9 11.2 1.499 1.456 1.414 1.340 1.310 1.281 0.056 --------- 1283.716
02 9.8 7.9 16.4 1.452 1.403 1.354 1.324 1.284 1.245 0.172 --------- 1283.888
03 9.4 9.2 19.0 0.818 0.771 0.724 1.197 1.151 1.105 0.252 --------- 1284.140
B.M ---- 8.3 17.7 ---------- --------- ---------- 0.416 0.457 0.499 1.228 --------- 1285.008 B.M
Now,

Error = 0.008 m

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## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

FLY LEVEL FIELD BOOK

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur

## Reciprocal Levelling Field Book

At Setup 1
Station A Station B
Top = 1.134 m Top = 1.789 m
Middle = 1.290 m Middle = 1.6985 m
Bottom = 1.267 m Bottom =1.608 m
𝒉𝒂 = 𝑴𝑨 - 𝑴𝑩 = -0.4085 m

At Setup 2
Station B Station A
Top = 1.225 m Top = 1.566 m
Middle = 1.145 m Middle = 1.552 m
Bottom = 1.065 m Bottom =1.538 m
𝒉𝒃 = 𝑴𝑩 - 𝑴𝑨 = -0.407 m
𝒉𝒂 +𝒉𝒃 𝟎.𝟒𝟎𝟖𝟓+𝟎.𝟒𝟎𝟕
Mean height difference (H) = 𝟐
=− 𝟐
= −0.40775 m

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## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Suman Jyoti Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur

## 1. R.L transfer from A to C

Station Distance BS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
BS FS Total T M B T M B
A 3.6 ------- -------- 1.364 1.346 1.328 ---------- --------- ---------- --------- --------- 1283.660
C ---- 5.0 5.6 ---------- --------- ---------- 1.000 0.975 0.950 0.371 --------- 1284.031
1. R.L transfer from C to A
Station Distance BS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
BS FS Total T M B T M B
C 4.3 ------- -------- 1.000 0.978 0.957 ---------- --------- ---------- --------- --------- 1284.031
A ---- 4.0 8.3 ---------- --------- ---------- 1.370 1.350 1.330 --------- 0.372 1283.659

## R.L transfer from B to D

Station Distance BS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
BS FS Total T M B T M B
B 3.4 ------- -------- 0.430 0.413 0.396 ---------- --------- ---------- --------- --------- 1283.252
D ---- 5.3 8.7 ---------- --------- ---------- 0.539 0.513 0.486 --------- 0.100 1283.152
1. R.L transfer from D to B
Station Distance BS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
BS FS Total T M B T M B
D 4.8 ------- -------- 0.682 0.657 0.634 ---------- --------- ---------- --------- --------- 1283.152
B ---- 5.8 10.6 ---------- --------- ---------- 0.586 0.557 0.528 0.100 --------- 1283.252

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## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- A Height of Instrument: 1.953m Zero set at:- C
Top Mid Bot Distance Distance
From X-section of Bridge Alignment A - B
Road Edge 271°50'40'' 93°10'10'' 1.023 1.005 0.978 04.5 -0.248 1284.360 R.L of station A =1283.66m
Ground Level 102°00''10' 93°10''20' 1.797 1.789 1.782 01.5 -0.305 1283.519 Here, R.L of other target
River Bank 103°28''30' 99°57''30' 2.927 2.916 2.906 02.1 -0.357 1282.340 point = R.L of instrument
N.W.L 102°09''50' 99°57''10' 2.969 2.948 2.927 04.2 -0.714 1281.951 station + Height of
Deepest Point 101°59''10' 99°57''10' 2.775 2.752 2.730 04.5 -0.776 1282.085 Instrument ± Vertical Height
N.W.L 096°25''20' 97°48''00' 2.284 2.251 2.219 06.5 -0.874 1282.488
River Bank 091°30''20' 97°11''00' 1.648 1.597 1.547 10.1 -1.253 1282.763
Highest Point 092°57''10' 92°23''00' 1.340 1.275 1.210 13.0 -0.540 1283.798

10 m upstream X- Section
Highest Point 197°53''00' 093°22''30' 0.750 0.699 0.648 10.2 -0.599 1284.315
Road Edge 182°29''30' 094°15''00' 0.660 0.615 0.570 9.0 -0.665 1284.333
River Bank 173°27''20' 094°21''40' 2.660 2.615 2.570 9.0 -0.682 1282.316
Deepest Point 162°38''20' 094°21''50' 2.810 2.765 2.720 9.0 -0.682 1282.121
River Bank 149°23''50' 093°15''40' 2.830 2.781 2.732 9.8 -0.556 1282.276
Highest Point 128°50''50' 092°01''20' 1.450 1.385 1.320 13.0 -0.458 1283.770
Highest Point 183°53''00' 091°47''50' 0.925 0.790 0.655 27.0 -0.846 1283.977
BP 169°58''30' 094°45''40' 1.450 1.329 1.208 24.2 -2.001 1282.283
Deepest Point 166°13''50' 094°46''00' 1.640 1.520 1.400 24.0 -1.987 1282.106
R.B.P 162°38''30' 091°21''00' 2.940 2.823 2.706 23.4 -0.551 1282.239
Highest Point 151°12''10' 091°23''40' 1.456 1.334 1.212 24.4 -0.593 1283.696

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## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Instrument at:- A Height of Instrument: 1.953 Zero set at:- C
Top Mid Bot Distance Distance
10 m downstream X- Section
Road Edge 345°35''30' 088°55''40' 1.300 1.240 1.180 12.0 0.217 1284.590
Bridge Corner 001°30''00' 088°30''50' 1.326 1.259 1.192 13.4 0.347 1284.681
River Bank 033°09''30' 100°31''20' 1.900 1.850 1.800 10.0 -1.795 1281.968
Deepest Point 038°39''10' 108°35''00' 1.640 1.584 1.528 11.2 -3.383 1280.646
River Bank 050°01''50' 103°40''40' 0.870 0.805 0.740 13.0 -2.986 1281.822
Highest Point 064°54''10' 084°15''10' 2.720 2.655 2.590 13.0 4.993 1287.951

The bridge axis was set keeping in mind all the requisites that the proper site for the bridge has to be. The result of the computations of the
triangulation gave the axis span of 13.901 m. During the selection of the site all the considerations like geological, socio-economical and
topographical considerations were made and the best site was selected. The site was steep on both the banks and very little water flowed in there.
The site was deep and there was presence of trees along with bushes. The bridge site survey was conducted to give broad knowledge about
importance of reciprocal leveling, necessities of triangulation concept for fixing bridge span &to give wide concept about bridge site. The require
cross section of the bridge is 25m generally but in our site the area is unsuitable for 25 m then we depicted only 10m cross-section at up-
stream and down-stream.

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

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Chapter Four

4.1 Introduction:
Road is an important infrastructure for development. It occupies a pivotal position in the growth
of developing countries. The advantage becomes particularly evident
when planning the communications system in hilly regions & sparsely populated areas. Road
transport offers quick & assured deliveries, a flexible service free from fixed schedules, door
to door service, permits simpler packing, has a high employment potential etc. The safe,
efficient and economic operation of a highway is governed to a large extent by the care with
which the geometric design has been worked out. Geometric design includes the design
elements of horizontal & vertical alignment, sight distance, X-section components, lateral &
vertical clearances, control of access, etc. The general guide-lines in selecting the alignment &
locating route are:
 Should handle the traffic most efficiently & serve inhabited localities.
 Should have minimum Gradients & curvature, necessary for terrain.
 Should involve least impact on the environment.
 Should be located along the edge of properties. In case of hill road,
 Should attain change in elevation by adopting ruling gradient in most of length.
 Should avoid unstable hill features & areas prone to landslides.
 Should avoid steep terrain.
 Should avoid hair-pin bends.
 Should align preferably on the side of hill exposed to sun during winter.
 Should avoid deep cuttings & costly tunnels.
 Should develop alignment to suit obligatory points like passes, saddles, valleys,
crossing points of major rivers.
In short, road should be short, easy, safe and economic as far as possible. Roads are specially
prepared ways between different places for the use of vehicles, people & animals. In countries
like Nepal, where there are less chances of airways& almost negligible chances of waterway, roads
form a major part of the transportation system. Therefore, it would not be an exaggeration in saying
that the roads have an almost importance.

4.2 Curves:
Curves are generally used on highways and railways where it is necessary to change the
direction of motion. A curve may be circular, parabola or spiral and is always tangential to two
straight directions. Circular curves may be simple, compound, & reverse.
1. Simple Circular Curves:
A simple circular curve is the curve, which consists of a single arc of a circle. It is tangential
to both the straight lines. The elements of simple circular curves are tangent length, external
distance, length of curve, length of long chord, mid-ordinate. The notations used are back
tangent, forward tangent, point of intersection, point of curve, point of tangency, external
deflection angle, normal chord, sub chord etc. The sharpness of the curve is either designated
by its radius or by its degree of curvature. Setting out of curves can be done by two methods
depending upon the instrument used.

P a g e | 62

## i) Linear method: In this method, only a chain or a tape is used. Linear

methods are used when a high degree of accuracy is not required and
the curve is short.
ii) ii) Angular method: In this method, an instrument like Theodolite
is used with or without chain or tape. Before a curve is set out, it is
essential to locate the tangents, point of intersection, point of curves
and point of tangent.
2. Vertical Curves:
A vertical curve is used to join two intersecting grade lines of railways, highways or other
routes to smooth out the chainage in vertical motion .The vertical curve contributes to the
safety, increase sight distance , give comfort in driving and have a good appearance. A grade,
which is expressed as percentage or 1 vertical in N horizontal, is said
to be upgrade or + ve grade when elevation along it increases, while it is termed as
downgrade or -ve grade when the elevation decreases along the direction of motion.
The vertical curves may be of following types:
curve all distance along the curve are measured horizontally and all offsets from the
tangent to the curve are measured vertically. The methods for setting out vertical curve
are:
 The tangent correction method
 Elevation by chord gradient method
 Co-ordinate method
We can use the tangent correction method for setting of curve.
3. Transition Curves:
Transition curve is a curve of varying radius introduced between a straight line and a circular
curve. While the vehicle moves on the straight line of infinite radius to the curve of finite radius,
the passenger feels uncomfortable and even the vehicle may overturn. This is due to the causes
of the centrifugal force couple with the inertia of the vehicle .To avoid these effects , a curve of
changing radius must be introduced between the straight and the circular curve, which is known
as the transition curve. The main functions of the transition curve are as follows:
 To accomplish gradually the transition curve from the tangent to the circular curve, so
that the curvature increased gradually from zero to a specific value.
 To provide a medium for the gradual introduction or change of required super elevation.

## 4.3 Equipment required:

The equipment used in the survey of road alignment were as follows:
 Theodolite with Tripod Stand
 Tape/ Chain
 Auto Level with Tripod Stand
 Ranging rod
 Pegs/Arrows and Hammer
 Prismatic Compass with Stand.
 Marker or Enamel

P a g e | 63

## 4.4 Norms (Technical Specifications):

Recci alignment selection was carried out of the road corridor considering permissible gradient,
obligatory points, bridge site and geometry of tentative horizontal and vertical curves.
The road setting horizontal curve, cross sectional detail in 20m interval and longitudinal
profile were prepared.
While performing the road alignment survey, the following norms were strictly followed:
 The road had to be designed starting at the side of Bridge and ending Near tower 3
 If the external deflection angle at the I.P. of the road is less than 3°, curves need not be
fitted.
 Simple horizontal curves had to be laid out where the road changed its direction,
determining and pegging three points on the curve - the beginning of the curve, the
middle point of the curve and the end of the curve along the centerline of the road.
 The radius of the curve had to be chosen such that it was convenient and safe i.e. not
 Cross sections had to be taken at 20 m intervals and at the beginning, middle and end
of the curve, along the centerline of the road - observations being taken for at least 3m
and 6m on either side of the centerline. If undulations are there then section at that
place should be taken.
 The amount of cutting and filling required for the road construction had to be
determined from the L-Section and the cross sections. However, the volume of cutting
had to be roughly equal to the volume of filling.

Design parameters:
The design standards are adopted according to Nepal road standard. The design parameters are
as follows:
1 Type of Road Two lane Black topped
2 Minimum radius in horizontal curve (m) 15
5 Side slope of cutting 1:1
6 Side slope of embankment 1:1.5

4.5 Methodology:
1. Reconnaissance:
First of all reconnaissance were done by walking through the purposed road alignment, where
the actual alignment of road has to be run. After this pegging was done on the proper position
for instrument station for traversing ensuring that the preceding and succeeding pegs were
visible and simultaneously pegs were marked.
2. Horizontal Alignment:
The locations of the simple horizontal curves were determined carefully considering factors
like the stability of the area, enough space for the turning radius, etc. The I.P.s was fixed so
that the gradient of the road at any place was less than 7%. After determining the I.P.s for the
road, theodolite was stationed at each I.P. and the deflection angles measured. The distance
between one I.P. and another was measured by two way taping.
The horizontal curves were set out by angular methods using theodolite at I.P. and tape.
Horizontal alignment is done for fixing the road direction in horizontal plane. For this, the

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

P a g e | 64

bearing of initial line connecting two initial stations was measured using compass. The interior
angles were observed using Theodolite at each IP and then deflection angles were calculated.
Deflection angle = (360 or 180) - observed angle

I 
Tangent Length, BC1IP = R Tan /2
B E
Apex distance, IPMC1= R(sec/2-1)

R Length
IPBC=ofIPEC:
chord, BC1MC1EC
Tangent 1=2RSin/2
length
O
Fig: Simple circular horizontal curve  : External deflection angle
Where,
BC: Beginning of curve R: Radius of curve
EC: End of curve
MC: Midpoint of curve
IP: Apex distance
If +ve, the survey line deflects right (clockwise) with the prolongation of preceding line and
deflects left if –ve (anti-clockwise). The radius was assumed according to the deflection angle.
Then the tangent length, EC, BC, apex distance along with their chainage were found by using
following formulae,
Tangent length (T L) = R x tan (/2)
Length of curve (L.C) = 3.142 x R x /180
Apex distance = R x 1/ (Cos (/2)-1)
Chainage of BC = Chainage of IP – Tangent Length
Chainage of MC = Chainage of BC +Length of Curve/2
Chainage of EC = Chainage of MC + Length of Curve/2
The BC and EC points were located along the line by measuring the tangent length
from the apex and the points were marked distinctly. The radius was chosen such that the
tangent does not overlap. The apex was fixed at the length of apex distance from IP along the
line bisecting the interior angle.
3. Topographic survey
Topographic survey of road corridor was done by taking the deflection angle at each point
where two straight roads meet. The chainage of intersection point, tangent point and middle
points were also taken by linear measurements and applying formula. The staff readings of
each of these points were also taken. The staff points were chosen at every change of slope,
important feature, existing electrical pole etc.
4. Vertical Alignment
Vertical profile of the Road alignment is known by the vertical alignment. In the L-section of
the Road alignment, vertical alignment was fixed with maximum gradient of 12 %. According
of drainage to specified direction. However the maximum of 12% was taken wherever not
possible.

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

P a g e | 65

5. Leveling:
The method of fly leveling was applied in transferring the level from the given T.B.M. to all the
I.Ps. The R.L. of beginnings, mid points and ends of the curves as well as to the points along the center
line of the road where the cross sections were taken, are taken by tachometry.
6. Longitudinal section:
For the longitudinal section of the road the staff reading was taken at the interval of every 20m
along the centerline of the road. Besides, these staff readings at beginning of the curve, ending
of the curve and apex were also taken. The RL of each point were calculated.
7. Cross-section:
Cross section was run at right angles to the longitudinal profile at 20 m interval on either side
up to 10m distances wherever possible. For this, staffs reading of respective points were taken
using theodolite.

P a g e | 66

4.6 Calculation:

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:- Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017-Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
S.N Station Distances (m) Total Mean Error Precision Remarks
From To
length length (m)
1. 𝐼𝑃0 𝐼𝑃1 6.16+6.63+6.92++6.38+6.8
7+5.81 38.77 38.75 0.04
𝐼𝑃1 𝐼𝑃0 5.15+7.57+4.98+7.22+7.89 1 in 968.75
+5.92 38.73
2. 𝐼𝑃1 𝐼𝑃2 4.030+4.780+8.55+12.471 29.831 29.831 0.001 1 in 29831
𝐼𝑃2 𝐼𝑃1 5.130+7.040+9.162+8.500 29.832 5
3. 𝐼𝑃2 𝐼𝑃3 8.980+10.115 19.095 19.095 0.001 1 in 19095
𝐼𝑃3 𝐼𝑃2 7.706+11.390 19.096 5
𝐼𝑃3 𝐼𝑃4 10.9+7.3+14.84+11.24+13.
75+15.86+9.6+9.77+11.56 104.82
4. 10.532+7.12+13.530+11.2 104.82 0.005
𝐼𝑃4 𝐼𝑃3 50+14.751+15.734+9.632 104.825 25 1 in 20964
+9.83+12.446
5. 𝐼𝑃4 𝐼𝑃5 10.18+9.94+6.60+10.04 36.76
𝐼𝑃5 𝐼𝑃4 9.15+10.051+10.12+7.423 36.744 36.752 0.016 1 in 2297

P a g e | 67

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:-Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017- Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
IP Distance Radius of Deflection Tangent length Length of Curve Mid-ordinate Apex distance Chainage of Chainage of Chainage of Rem
between IP Horizontal Angle (⧍) (R tan(⧍/2)) ((πR⧍)/180) R(1-cos(⧍/2)) R(sec(⧍/2)-1) BC MC EC arks
Curve (IP-T) (BC+L/2) (BC+L)
𝑰𝑷𝟎 38.750 m 15 m 41°21''29' 5.622 m 10.828 m 0.967 m 1.033 m 33.1280 038.542 043.956
− 𝑰𝑷𝟏
𝑰𝑷𝟏 29.8315 m 12 m 61°09''17' 7.090 m 12.808 m 1.669 m 1.938 m 61.0755 67.4795 73.8835
− 𝑰𝑷𝟐
𝑰𝑷𝟐 19.0955 m 12 m 53°55''52' 6.105 m 11.295 m 2.467 m 1.464 m 79.7840 85.4315 091.079
− 𝑰𝑷𝟑
𝑰𝑷𝟑 104.825 m 18 m 09°59''48' 1.574 m 3.140 m 0.068 m 0.068 m 181.469 183.039 184.609
− 𝑰𝑷𝟒
𝑰𝑷𝟒 36.752 m 15 m 35°40''17' 4.826 m 9.338 m 0.721 m 0.757 m 214.961 219.630 224.299
− 𝑰𝑷𝟓

P a g e | 68

## LEVEL FIELD BOOK Here,

Total loop distance (k) = 41.6 m
𝑻𝑩𝑴 𝒕𝒐 𝑰𝑷𝟎 ( R.L transfer Process) = 0.0416 km
Station BS FS
Distance T M B T M B Distance Rise Fall RL Remarks Error = 25√𝑘 = 25√0.0416 = 5.009mm
TBM 6.3 0.812 0.781 0.749 ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- 1328.000 TBM Precision = 1328.005-1328
1 4.2 0.827 0.806 0.785 0.765 0.731 0.698 6.7 0.05 ------ 1328.050 = 0.005 m = 5mm
𝑰𝑷𝟎 ------- ------- ------- ------- 0.848 0.839 0.810 3.8 0.977 ------ 1329.027 𝑰𝑷𝟎

## 𝑰𝑷𝟎 to TBM ( R.L transfer Process)

𝑰𝑷𝟎 3.8 0.848 0.829 0.810 ------- ------- ------- ------ ------- ------ 1329.027 𝑰𝑷𝟎
6.3 0.795 0.764 0.732 1.538 1.516 1.495 4.3 ------ 0.687 1328.340
TBM ------- ------- ------- ------- 1.130 1.099 1.065 6.2 ------ 0.335 1328.005 TBM

P a g e | 69

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:-Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017- Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Station Distances BS IS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
L C R
--------- 0 + 000 ----------- 0.680 ----------------- ----------------- ----------- ---------- 1329.027
3 ---------- ----------- ----------------- 0.532 ----------------- 0.148 1329.175
6 --------- ----------- ----------------- 0.930 ----------------- 0.25 1328.777
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 0.850 ----------------- 0.17 1328.857
--------- --------- 6 ----------------- 0.730 ----------------- 0.05 1328.787
--------- 20 ----------- ----------------- 2.802 ----------------- 2.122 1326.665
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 2.358 ----------------- 1.678 1327.349
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.502 ----------------- 0.800 1328.227
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 2.848 ----------------- 2.168 1326.859
--------- --------- 6 0.709 ------- 3.081 2.401 1326.626
--------- 0+ 0.320 --------- ----------------- 1.847 ----------------- 1.138 1325.488 𝑩𝑪𝟏
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 1.387 ----------------- 0.678 1325.948
--------- --------- 6 ----------------- 1.720 ----------------- 1.011 1325.615
3 --------- --------- 1.818 ------- 0.508 0.201 1326.827

## --------- 𝑴𝑪𝟏 --------- ----------------- 0.430 ----------------- 1.388 1328.215 𝑴𝑪𝟏

3 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.998 ----------------- 0.180 1326.647
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.412 ----------------- 0.406 1327.233
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 3.150 ----------------- 1.334 1325.493
--------- --------- 6 ----------------- 1.920 ----------------- 0.102 1326.725
--------- 𝑬𝑪𝟏 --------- ----------------- 2.248 ----------------- 0.430 1326.397 𝑬𝑪𝟏

P a g e | 70

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:-Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017- Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Station Distances BS IS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
L C R
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 2.268 ----------------- 0.450 1326.377
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 2.100 ----------------- 0.282 1326.545
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 2.160 ----------------- 0.342 1326.485
--------- --------- 6 1.732 ------- 2.305 0.487 1326.340
--------- 𝑩𝑪𝟐 --------- ----------------- 1.568 ----------------- 0.164 1326.504 𝑩𝑪𝟐
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.562 ----------------- 0.170 1326.510
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.460 ----------------- 0.272 1326.612
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 2.143 ----------------- 0.411 1325.929
--------- --------- 6 ----------------- 2.112 ----------------- 0.380 1325.960
--------- 𝑴𝑪𝟐 --------- ----------------- 1.338 ----------------- 0.384 1326.724 𝑴𝑪𝟐
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.590 ----------------- 0.142 1326.482
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.502 ----------------- 0.230 1326.570
--------- --------- --------- ----------------- 2.060 ----------------- 0.328 1326.012 𝑰𝑷𝟐
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 2.590 ----------------- 0.851 1325.489
--------- --------- 6 ----------------- 2.578 ----------------- 0.846 1325.494
--------- 𝑰𝑷𝟏 --------- ----------------- 1.536 ----------------- 0.196 1326.536 𝑰𝑷𝟏
--------- 𝑬𝑪𝟐 --------- ----------------- 2.600 ----------------- 0.868 1325.472 𝑬𝑪𝟐
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 2.278 ----------------- 0.546 1325.794
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.550 ----------------- 0.182 1326.522
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 2.820 ----------------- 1.088 1325.252
--------- --------- 6 ----------------- 3.540 ----------------- 1.808 1324.532

P a g e | 71

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:-Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017- Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Station Distances BS IS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
L C R
--------- 𝑩𝑪𝟑 --------- ----------------- 2.300 ----------------- 0.568 1325.772 𝑩𝑪𝟑
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 3.160 ----------------- 1.428 1324.912
--------- --------- 6 ----------------- 2.280 ----------------- 0.548 1325.792
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 2.360 -------------------- 0.628 1325.712
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.310 ----------------- 0.422 1326.762
--------- 𝑴𝑪𝟑 --------- ----------------- 3.000 ----------------- 1.268 1325.072 𝑴𝑪𝟑
--------- 𝑰𝑷𝟑 --------- ----------------- 3.105 ----------------- 1.373 1324.967 𝑰𝑷𝟑
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 3.250 ----------------- 1.518 1324.822
--------- --------- 4.5 ----------------- 3.280 ----------------- 1.548 1324.792
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 2.368 ----------------- 1.536 1324.804
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.960 ----------------- 0.228 1326.112
--------- 𝑬𝑪𝟑 --------- ----------------- 2.160 ----------------- 0.428 1325.912 𝑬𝑪𝟑
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 3.000 ----------------- 1.268 1325.072
--------- --------- 5 ----------------- 3.126 ----------------- 1.394 1324.946
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 2.368 ----------------- 0.636 1325.704
6 --------- --------- 3.335 ------- 1.600 0.132 1326.472
--------- 𝑬𝑪𝟑 + 𝟐𝟎 --------- ----------------- 1.757 ----------------- 1.578 1328.050 𝑬𝑪𝟑 + 𝟐𝟎
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 1.844 ----------------- 1.491 1327.963
--------- --------- 5.3 ----------------- 1.836 ----------------- 1.499 1327.971
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.732 ----------------- 1.603 1328.075
6 ----------------- 0.675 ----------------- 2.660 1329.132

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## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:-Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017- Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Station Distances BS IS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
L C R
--------- 𝑬𝑪𝟑 + 𝟒𝟎 --------- ----------------- 1.364 ----------------- 1.971 1328.443 𝑬𝑪𝟑 + 𝟒𝟎
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 1.665 ----------------- 1.670 1328.142
--------- --------- 5.5 ----------------- 1.633 ----------------- 1.702 1328.174
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.295 ----------------- 2.040 1328.512
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.340 ----------------- 1.995 1328.467
--------- 𝑬𝑪𝟑 + 𝟔𝟎 ----------------- 0.945 ----------------- 2.390 1328.862
--------- --------- 3 3.795 ----------------- 1.460 1.875 1328.347
--------- --------- 6 ----------------- 2.295 ----------------- 1.500 1329.847 𝑬𝑪𝟑 + 𝟔𝟎
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.536 ----------------- 2.259 1330.606
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.103 ----------------- 2.692 1331.039
--------- 𝑬𝑪𝟑 + 𝟖𝟎 --------- ----------------- 0.458 ----------------- 3.337 1331.684 𝑬𝑪𝟑 + 𝟖𝟎
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 0.580 ----------------- 3.215 1331.562
--------- --------- 6 3.260 ----------------- 1.450 2.345 1330.692
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.702 ----------------- 1.558 1332.250
6 --------- --------- 4.182 ----------------- 1.640 1.620 1332.312 ……
--------- 𝑩𝑪𝟒 --------- ----------------- 1.562 ----------------- 2.620 1334.932 𝑩𝑪𝟒
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 2.253 ----------------- 1.929 1334.241
--------- --------- 6 ----------------- 3.190 ----------------- 0.992 1333.304
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.192 ----------------- 2.990 1335.302
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.266 ----------------- 2.916 1335.228
--------- 𝑰𝑷𝟒 --------- ----------------- 1.260 ----------------- 2.922 1335.234 𝑰𝑷𝟒

P a g e | 73

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:-Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017- Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Station Distances BS IS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
L C R
--------- 𝑴𝑪𝟒 --------- ----------------- 1.248 ----------------- 2.934 1335.246 𝑴𝑪𝟒
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.050 ----------------- 3.132 1335.444
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 0.988 ----------------- 3.194 1335.506
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 1.638 ----------------- 2.544 1334.856
--------- --------- 6 ----------------- 2.602 ----------------- 1.580 1333.892
--------- 𝑬𝑪𝟒 --------- ----------------- 0.978 ----------------- 3.204 1335.516 𝑬𝑪𝟒
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 0.760 -------------------- 3.422 1335.734
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 0.315 ----------------- 3.867 1336.179
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 1.365 ----------------- 2.817 1335.129
--------- --------- 6 3.775 ----------------- 1.856 2.326 1334.638
--------- 𝑩𝑪𝟓 --------- 2.834 ----------------- 0.886 2.889 1334.527 𝑩𝑪𝟓
--------- --------- 5.3 ----------------- 1.972 ----------------- 0.862 1335.389 ……
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.530 ----------------- 1.304 1335.831
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.486 ----------------- 1.348 1335.875
--------- 𝑰𝑷𝟓 --------- ----------------- 1.021 ----------------- 1.813 1336.340 𝑰𝑷𝟓
--------- 𝑴𝑪𝟓 --------- ----------------- 1.040 ----------------- 1.794 1336.312 𝑴𝑪𝟓
--------- --------- 3 ----------------- 2.528 ----------------- 0.306 1334.833
--------- --------- 5.8 ----------------- 1.182 ----------------- 1.652 1336.179
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.390 ----------------- 1.444 1335.971
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.442 ----------------- 1.392 1335.919
--------- 𝑬𝑪𝟓 --------- ----------------- 0.998 ----------------- 1.836 1336.363 𝑬𝑪𝟓

P a g e | 74

## MADAN ASHRIT MEMORIAL TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Kageshwori Manahara, Kathmandu

## SURVEY CAMP – 2017

Observer:-Suman Jyoti Date:- 2017- Dec-05
Booker:- Bishnu p. Bhandari Location:- NEA-Kharipati, Bhaktapur
Station Distances BS IS FS Rise Fall RL Remarks
L C R
--------- --------- 5 ----------------- 2.442 ----------------- 0.392 1334.919
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.306 ----------------- 1.528 1336.055
5.43 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.360 ----------------- 1.474 1336.001
--------- --------- ----------------- 1.420 ----------------- 1.414 1335.941 …….
𝑬𝑪𝟓 + 𝟐𝟎 1.418 ------- 0.944 1.89 1336.417 𝑬𝑪𝟓 + 𝟐𝟎
--------- --------- 3.18 ----------------- 1.633 0.215 1336.632 …..
4.6 --------- -------- ----------------- 1.658 ----------------- 0.240 1336.392
--------- --------- 1.562 ------- 0.995 0.423 1336.815 ……
3 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.365 ----------------- 0.197 1337.012
6 --------- --------- ----------------- 1.364 ----------------- 0.198 1337.013
--------- 3 --------- ----------------- 1.330 ----------------- 0.232 1337.047
--------- 6 --------- ----------------- ----------------- 2.115 0.553 1336.262

## Survey Camp Report 2017-Nov-29 to Dec-05 Prepared by:- Suman Jyoti

P a g e | 75

Survey of the road alignment was done to make most economical, comfortable, safe and
durable. Extra care is taken to avoid any soil erosion and any other ecological damage. Vertical
and horizontal curves are set according to Road design standards for comfort and other factors.
While setting the road alignment, it should be kept in mind that the minimum IP points should
be taken as far as possible and deflection angles should be minimum as far as possible. The
task was challengeable and tough due to the high altitude along the route.
In spite of the different kinds of obstacles in the field, our group was successful in completing
the fieldwork as well as the office work in time. In the field, we had spent quite some time
discussing the route of the road and also in designing the curves, which led to good results, The
grade change was very sharp which created nuisance in working with the Auto Level Moreover,
after performing this road alignment survey, we were able to build up our confidence in
designing roads at difficult terrain taking factors like economy, convenience and its use into
consideration.