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KATA PENGANTAR

Puji syukur kita panjatkan kehadirat Allah SWT yang telah melimpahkan
Rahmat, Hidayah, serta Inayah-Nya kepada penyusun sehingga Laporan Kasus
laboratorium Ilmu Kesehatan Anak ini dapat diselesaikan sesuai dengan rencana
yang diharapkan.
Tujuan penyusunan Laporan Kasus ini adalah sebagai laporan referensi
untuk memenuhi tugas kepanitraan klinik dan menambah pengetahuan bagi
penulis dan pembaca khususnya dalam ilmu kesehatan anak.
Penyusun menyadari bahwa Laporan kasus ini jauh dari kata sempurna.
Kritik dan saran membangun dari pembimbing klinik dan pembaca sangat
diharapkan demi perbaikan laporan ini. Atas perhatiannya dalam penyusunan
laporan ini, penyusun mengucapkan banyak terima kasih.
Semoga Laporan kasus ini dapat bermanfaat bagi pembaca yang
membutuhkan demi kemajuan ilmu pengetahuan, khususnya di bidang
kedokteran.

November 2017

Penyusun

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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman

Kata Pengantar ................................................................................................. i


Daftar Isi........................................................................................................... ii

BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang ..................................................................... 1
1.2 Tujuan .................................................................................. 2
1.3 Manfaat ............................................................................... 2

BAB II LAPORAN KASUS


2.1 Identitas Pasien..................................................................... 3
2.2 Anamnesis ........................................................................... 5
2.3 Pemeriksaan Fisik ................................................................ 6
2.4 Pemeriksaan Penunjang ....................................................... 8
2.5 Resum................................................................................... 9
2.6 Rencana pemeriksaan lanjutan ............................................. 10
2.7 Diagnosis .............................................................................. 10
2.8 Penatalaksanaan ................................................................... 10
2.9 Monitoring .......................................................................... 11
2.10 Follow UP ............................................................................ 11

BAB III TINJAUAN PUSTAKA


3.1 Gastroenteritis ..................................................................... 13
3.1.1 Definisi ..................................................................... 13
3.1.2 Etiologi ..................................................................... 13
3.1.3 Epidemiologi ............................................................ 16
3.1.4 Patofisiologi ............................................................. 17
3.1.5 Manifestasi klinis ..................................................... 18
3.1.6 Diagnosis.................................................................. 19
3.1.7 Penatalaksanaan ....................................................... 20
3.1.8 Komplikasi ............................................................... 22
3.1.9 Prognosis .................................................................. 23
3.2 Hipoksia Iskemik Ensefalopaty............................................ 24
3.2.1 Definisi ..................................................................... 24
3.2.2 Etiologi ..................................................................... 24
3.2.3 Patofisiologi ............................................................. 25
3.2.4 Manifestasi klinis ..................................................... 26
3.2.5 Diagnosis.................................................................. 28
3.2.6 Pemeriksaan Penunjang ........................................... 29
3.2.7 Penatalaksanaan ....................................................... 30
3.2.8 Prognosis .................................................................. 30
3.3 Ensefalitis ............................................................................. 30
3.3.1 Definisi ..................................................................... 30

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3.3.2 Etiologi ..................................................................... 31
3.3.3 Epidemiologi ............................................................ 32
3.3.4 Faktor resiko ............................................................ 32
3.3.5 Patogenesis .............................................................. 33
3.3.6 Diagnosis.................................................................. 36
3.3.7 Manifestasi Klinis .................................................... 36
3.3.8 Pemeriksaan Penunjang ........................................... 37
3.3.9 Penatalaksanaan ...................................................... 39
3.3.10 Komplikasi ............................................................... 42
3.3.11 Prognosis .................................................................. 42
3.4 Tetralogi of Fallot ................................................................ 43
3.4.1 Definisi ..................................................................... 43
3.4.2 Epidemiologi ............................................................ 43
3.4.3 Patofisiologi ............................................................. 44
3.4.4 Manifestasi Klinis .................................................... 45
3.4.5 Diagnosis.................................................................. 46
3.4.6 Anamnesis ................................................................ 46
3.4.7 Pemeriksaan fisik ..................................................... 47
3.4.8 Pemeriksaan Penunjang ........................................... 47
3.4.9 Komplikasi ............................................................... 49
3.4.10 Penatalaksanaan ....................................................... 52
3.5 Sepsis .................................................................................. 56
3.5.1 Definisi ..................................................................... 56
3.5.2 Epidemiologi ............................................................ 57
3.5.3 Etiologi ..................................................................... 57
3.5.4 Penegakan Diagnosis ............................................... 58
3.5.5 Tatalaksana .............................................................. 61

BAB IV PEMBAHASAN .......................................................................... 65

BAB V KESIMPULAN ............................................................................ 69

DAFTAR PUSTAKA ..................................................................................... 36

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