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UJIAN SELARAS BULAN MAC

KIMIA
TINGKATAN 4

NAMA :_________________________ TINGKATAN :_______________

BAHAGIAN A
Each question is followed by four alternative answers, A, B, C or D. For each question, choose one
answer only.
Tiap-tiap soalan diikuti oleh empat pilihan jawapan, A, B, C dan D. Bagi setiap soalan, pilih satu
jawapan sahaja.

1. Which of the following are chemicals that can be easily found at home?
Antara yang berikut, bahan kimia yang manakah dapat diperolehi di dalam rumah dengan
mudah?
I Sodium Chloride II Glucosa
Natrium klorida Glukosa
III Potassium hydroxide IV Hydrochloric acid
Kalium hidroksida Asid hidroklorik
A I and II B I and III
I dan II I dan III
C II and III D III and IV
II dan III III dan IV

2. “The greater the number of carbons in a molecule of an alcohol, the greater the amount of
heat released during combustion”
“Semakin banyak bilangan karbon dalam suatu molekul alkohol, semakin banyak haba yang
dihasilkan semasa pembakaran”

What is the statement above?


Apakah pernyataan di atas?
A Problem statement B Conclusion
Pernyataan masalah Kesimpulan
C Hypothesis D Procedure
Hipotesis Prosedur

3. Which of the following steps in a scientific investigation may require the use of a graph?
Antara langkah dalam kaedah saintifik yang berikut, yang manakah memerlukan
penggunaan graf?
A Making conclusion
Membuat kesimpulan
B Identifying variables
Mengenal pasti pembolehubah
C Forming a hypothesis
Membuat hipotesis
D Analysing and enterpreting data
Menganalisis data dan mentafsir data

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4. The kinetic theory of matter states that matter consists of tiny, discrete particles that are in
constant motion. Which of the following processes does not support the theory?
Teori kinetik jirim menyatakan bahawa jirim terdiri daripada zarah-zarah kecil dan diskrit
yang bergerak dalam gerakan malar. Antara proses yang berikut, yang manakah tidak
menyokong teori tersebut?
A Diffusion of gas
Resapan gas
B Changes in states of matter
Perubahan keadaan jirim
C Brownian motion
Gerakan Brown
D Energy change during a reaction
Perubahan tenaga semasa suatu tindak balas berlaku

5. Which of the following occurs during freezing?


Apakah yang berlaku semasa pembekuan?
A The particles gain kinetic energy
Tenaga kinetik bagi zarah-zarah meningkat
B The particles move closer to each other
Kedudukan zarah-zarah adalah rapat
C The particles increase in size
Saiz zarah meningkat
D The number of particles increase
Jumlah zarah meningkat

6. Which substance is a compound?


Bahan yang manakah merupakan suatu sebatian?
A Carbon B Air
Karbon Udara
C Water D Gold
Air Emas

7. Table 1 shows the number of protons and neutrons of four elements.


Jadual 1 menunjukkan bilangan proton dan neutron bagi empat unsur.

Element Protons Neutrons


Unsur Proton Neutron
P 6 8

Q 7 7

R 6 7

S 8 8

Table 1/Jadual 1
Which of the following elements are isotopes?
Antara berikut yang manakah merupakan isotop?
A P and R B Q and S
P dan R Q dan S
C Q and R D R and S
Q dan R R dan S

2
8. Which of the following physical processes involve the release of heat energy?
Antara proses fizikal berikut, yang manakah melibatkan pembebasan tenaga haba?
A Boiling B Melting
Pendidihan Peleburan
C Condensation D Evaporation
Kondensasi Penyejatan

9. Which of the following shows the electron arrangement of an atom of1531 P?


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan susunan electron bagi atom 31 P?
15
A 2.8 B 2.8.1
C 2.8.2 D 2.8.5

10. What is the mass of 1x1023 molecules of ethanol, C2H5OH?


[Avogadro constant = 6.02x1023 mol-1]
Berapakah jisim bagi 1x1023 molekul etanol, C2H5OH?
[Pemalar Avogadro = 6.02x1023 mol-1]
A 5.50 g B 6.22 g
C 7.05 g D 7.64 g

11. What is meant by the relative atomic mass?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan oleh jisim atom relative?
A The average mass of one atom of the element when compared with1 of the mass
of a carbon-12 atom. 12

Jisim purata untuk satu atom unsur apabila dibandingkan dengan1  jisim atom
karbon-12. 12

B The average mass of one atom of the element when compared with 12 times the
mass of a carbon-12 atom.
Jisim purata untuk satu atom unsur apabila dibandingkan dengan 12 kali jisim atom
karbon-12.
C The average mass of one atom of the element when compared with1 of the mass
of a carbon-14 atom. 12

Jisim purata untuk satu atom unsur apabila dibandingkan dengan  jisim atom
1
karbon-14. 12

D The average mass of one atom of the element when compared with 12 times the
mass of a carbon-14 atom.
Jisim purata untuk satu atom unsur apabila dibandingkan dengan 12 kali jisim atom
karbon-14.

12. What is the definition of a mole?


Apakah definisi suatu mol?
A The volume occupied by 6.02x1023 particles.
Isi padu yang dipenuhi 6.02x1023 zarah.
B The atomic mass of substance which consists of 6.02x10 23 atoms.
Jisim atom suatu bahan yang mengandungi 6.02x10 23 atom.
C The molecular mass of substance which consists of 6.02x10 23 molecules.
Jisim molekul suatu bahan yang mengandungi 6.02x10 23 molekul.
D The quantity of a substance which has the same number of particles as the number
atoms in 12.00 g karbon-12 .

3
Kuantiti suatu bahan yang mempunyai bilangan zarah sama banyak dengan
bilangan atom dalam 12.00 g karbon-12.

13. Diagram 1 shows the symbols for the atoms of element X and element Y.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan simbol atom bagi unsur X dan unsur Y.

35 23
17
X 11
Y
Diagram 1/Rajah 1
What is the number of neutrons in an atom of element X and element Y?
Berapakah bilangan neutron dalam atom bagi unsur X dan unsur Y?

X Y

A 17 11

B 18 12

C 35 23

D 17 12

14. Diagram 2 shows the spacing of molecules in a substance at two different temperatures.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan ruang antara molekul-molekul dalam suatu bahan pada dua suhu
yang berbeza.

A t -120 oC/pada -120 oC


o
At -30 C/pada -30 oC

Diagram 2/Rajah 2
Which of the following is correct about the melting point and boiling point of the substance?
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah betul tentang takat lebur dan takat didih bahan
tersebut?

Melting Point (oC) Boiling Point (oC)


Takat lebur (oC) Takat didih (oC)
A -80 -10

B -100 -20

C -110 -40

D -150 -45

15. Which of the following substances is made up of atoms?


Antara bahan berikut, yang manakah terdiri daripada atom?

A Magnesium B Nitrogen gas

4
Magnesium Gas nitrogen
C Lead (II) iodide D Naphthalene
Plumbum (II) iodide Naftalena

16. Table 2 shows the melting and boiling points of substances P, Q, R dan S.
Jadual 2 menunjukkan takat lebur dan takat didih bahan P, Q, R dan S.

Substance Melting point Boiling point


Bahan Takat lebur Takat didih
P -25 5
Q 50 300
R -256 -192
S 10 140
Table 2/Jadual 2
Which of the following substances is liquid at room temperature?
Antara bahan berikut, yang manakah merupakan cecair pada suhu bilik?

A P B Q
C R D S

17. The following statement is about an atom.


Pernyataan berikut adalah mengenai atom.

The mass of an atom is concentrated in the nucleus


which contains positively charged particles.
Jisim bagi suatu atom tertumpu dalam nukleus yang
mengandungi zarah bercas positif

Which of the following scientists made the statement?


Antara saintis berikut, yang manakah membuat kenyataan tersebut?

A J.J. Thomson B Neils Bohr


C Ernest Rutherford D James Chadwick

18. Diagram 3 shows the symbol of X atom.


Rajah 3 menunjukkan simbol atom X.

X
35

17

Diagram 3/Rajah 3

Which are the correct proton number and nucleon number of atom X?
Antara berikut, nombor proton dan nombor nukleon yang manakah betul untuk atom X?

Proton number Nucleon number


Nombor proton Nombor nukleon
A 17 18

5
B 18 17

C 17 35

D 35 17

19. Diagram 4 shows a part of Periodic Table of Elements.


Rajah 4 menunjukkan sebahagian Jadual Berkala Unsur.

Diagram 4/Rajah 4

What are the electron arrangements for atoms of elements X and Y?


Apakah susunan elektron atom-atom bagi unsur X dan Y?

X Y
A 2.1 2.7

B 2.1 2.8.7

C 2.8.1 2.7

D 2.8.1 2.8.7

20. The scientific name for limestone is calcium carbonate, CaCO 3. What is the mass of 0.2 mole
of limestone?
[Relative atomic mass; Ca = 40, C = 12, O = 16]
Nama saintifik batu kapur ialah kalsium karbonat, CaCO 3. Berapakah jisim bagi 0.2 mol batu
kapur?
[Jisim atom relatif; Ca = 40, C = 12, O = 16]

A 10 g B 20 g
C 50 g D 100 g