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Teknologi Otomotif

Ramah Lingkungan

HADI PRANOTO .ST.MT


hd.pranoto @gmail.com
0815-7499509
ISI
LATAR BELAKANG

TEKNOLOGI OTOMOTIF RAMAH LINGKUNGAN

MOTOR BENSIN
MOTOR DIESEL
MOTOR LISTRIK
SISTEM HYBRIDE
FUEL CELL
PENUTUP
ISU BAHAN BAKAR

KETERBATASAN CADANGAN MINYAK


BUMI
DIVERSIFIKASI SUMBER ENERGI
TUNUTUTAN BAHAN BAKAR RAMAH
LINGKUNGAN
PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN BAKAR
ALTERNATIF
ISU LINGKUNGAN GLOBAL
2. CO2 HC & CO, NOx, PM
Pemanasan Global

1. Emisi

Engine
Technology

3. Kandungan Bahan 4. Recycle


yang digunakan Material Dasar
R-12, Pb, Hg dll.
Source : TMMI
EMISI KENDARAAN BERMOTOR
CO2 (greenhouse gas)
Emisi evaporasi CH4
Gas emisi
N2O
NOx (nitrogen oxides)
O3 generation
HC (hydrocarbon)
CO (carbon monoxide)
SO2 (sulfur dioxide) Secondary
NO2 (nitrogen dioxide) particle
generation
Unregulated emissions
(benzene, 1,3 butadiene)

PM = carbon, organic, sulfate (SO4)


Headache

HC
Catastrophic

(20%)
Engine
evaporated
To absorb the

(20%)

Fuel Inlet
Evaporated
Oxygen on the
CO Blood

Destruct a cell
VS

structure of the
NO

Lung Wall
GREEN PRODUCT

Contribute to
Silicosis and
AUTOMOTIVE EMISSION

Particle

Brown Lung
(60%)
Exhaust
Emission

Global
CO2

Warming
HUBUNGAN ANTARA REGULASI EMISI,
PERBAIKAN KUALITAS BAHAN BAKAR
DAN TEKNOLOGI KENDARAAN

Perbaikan kualitas BB Kombinasi Regulasi Emisi

Fuel Teknologi
Kelayakan Emisi rendah
economy
Kendaraan

Perbaikan Konservasi Penurunan


kualitas udara energi CO2
ultimate eco-car
FCHV
Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicle

Approaches
to Reduces CO2 and
Zero Emissions HS
Hybrid System

EV Electrical Vehicle

CO2 still un
Hybrid Technology
controlled &
Common Rail
Reduction Turbo Charger
VVT
Emission by Variable Valve Timing
Intercooler
(with Intelligence/control)
Euro 4, (NGV)
Euro 3 NATURAL
Euro 2, GAS VEHICLE Direct Injection Direct Injection
Euro 1.
Alternative Diesel Gasoline Electric
Energy Engine Engine Vehicle
Source : TMMI
TEKNOLOGI MESIN KENDARAAN
GASOLINE ENGINE TECH. IMPROVEMENT (EURO 1—2)
ECU (ELECTRONIC COMPUTER UNIT)
ENGINE
Fuel Valve Ignition Cooling
TECHNO- Air Control
LOGY Supply Timing System
EFI Contact
(Electronic Fixed (FIX) Single Throttle LLC (Long .
EURO-1 Point System & EGR Life Coolant)
Fuel
Injection) System

ECU. AND OBD (ON BOARD DIAGNOSTIC)


Fuel Valve Cooling
Ignition Air Control
Supply Timing System
EURO-2 EFI VVT ESA ACIS (Acoustic
(Electronic (Variable (Electronic Control SLLC
Fuel Valve Spark Induction) (Super
Injection) Timing) Three Way Long Life
Advance)
Catalyst + O2
Full Transistor Sensor
Coolant)
Source : TMMI
GASOLINE ENGINE (EURO-2) TECHNOLOGY PROGRESS

THREE WAYS
ELECTRICAL FUEL INJECTION CATALYST FOR
AND THREE WAYS CATALYST
OF GASOLINE ENGINE SYSTEM.
GASOLINE
ENGINE SYSTEM

THREE WAY
CATALYST

Source : TMMI
GASOLINE ENGINE TECHNOLOGY
VS EMISSION REGULATION
TYPICAL SYSTEM
OBD= On Board Diagnostic O2S = O2 Sensor
EM

HC g/km
1.0

EM S<500 ppm Euro1


1O2S

TWC
OBD 0.5
EM 2O2S S<150 ppm
Euro2

TWC

EM OBD
Euro3
S<50 ppm
2O2S
Euro4
3 2 1 0 0.5 1.0
CO NOx
S/C TWC
S/C = Swirl Control TWC = Three Way Catalyst Source : TMMI
DIESEL ENGINE TECH. IMPROVEMENT (EURO 1—2)

DIESEL ENGINE TECHNOLOGY

EURO-1 Injection Pump, Exhaust Gas Re-Circulating,

Diesel PM Reduction :
Black Smoke Reduction : Micro Grain
Injection Fuel. And Multi-Valve System.
Soluble Organic Fraction : Oxidation Catalyst
and Diesel Particulate Filter System.
EURO-2
Diesel NOx Reduction :
Pilot Injection by Common Rail System, Cooled
Exhaust Gas Re-Circulating, Super Charger with
Inter-Cooler, Nox Reduction Catalyst System.
Source : TMMI
DIESEL ENGINE TECH. PROGRESS (EURO 1—2)

COMMON RAIL, TURBO CHARGER OXYDATION CATALYST AND


INTER-COOLER AND PM & DIESEL PARTICULATE FILTER
NOx REDUCTION CATALYST OF NOx REDUCTION CATALYST FOR
DIESEL ENGINE SYSTEM. DIESEL ENGINE SYSTEM

OXYDATION
CATALYST

DIESEL PARTICULATE
FILTER NOx REDUCTION
CATALYST
Source: TMMI
Source : TMMI
DIESEL ENGINE PASSENGER TECH.
VS EMISSION REGULATION
TYPICAL SYSTEM HC g/km
IP 1.0
EM Euro1

IP S<500 ppm
EGR
EM
0.5
OC
Euro2
CR S<350 ppm
EGR
EM Euro3
OC Euro4
CO 3 NOx
2 1 0 0.5 1.0
CR S<50 ppm 0.05
EGR
EM
0.10
OC
EM =EXHAUST MANIFOLD IP= Injection Pump 0.15
VE =INJECTION PUMP CR =COMMON RAIL PM EGR =EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATING
Source : TMMI
DIESEL ENGINE HEAVY DUTY TECH.
VS EMISSION REGULATION
TYPICAL SYSTEM HC g/kWh
IP 1.0
Euro1
Euro3
ESC
ETC
Euro2
IP S<500 ppm
EGR Euro3 Euro4
0.5

CR S<350 ppm Euro4


EGR

OC CO 6 NOx
4 2 0 5 10
CR S<50 ppm 0.1
EGR 0.2
0.3
OC 0.4
(Diesel Particulate NOx Reduction) Source : TMMI
DIESEL PARTICULATE NOX REDUCTION
0.30
PM
(g/kWh) 0.25
0.20
1998 HDV Before
①IP
0.15
2003 HDV DPNR
0.10 ②DPF
0.05 (Diesel Particulate Filter)
Current ③De-NOx Cat.
0 2005 HDV
0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0
EGR Valve NOx (g/kWh)
Common Rail System
EGR Cooler

Inter Cooler DPNR

Air Intake
Exhaust

Turbo Charger Source : TMMI


ELECTRIC CAR TECHNOLOGY

ELECTRIC VEHICLE DIAGRAM


HYBRIDE TECHNOLOGY

Gasoline Engine

Source : TMMI
Source : TMMI
FCEV (Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle)

+ ENERGY
FCEV (Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle)
HYDROGEN ABSORBING ALLOY TYPE
DIAGRAM
FCEV (Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle)
METHANOL REFORMING TYPE
DIAGRAM
HYBRID CAR
Source : TMMI
Source : TMMI
PENUTUP
Kontribusi emisi kendaraan bermotor sangat besar
di daerah perkotaan (seperti Jakarta)
Pembatasan emisi kendaraan bermotor merupakan
suatu keharusan
Diperlukan perangkat peraturan dan keseriusan
menegakkannya
Penggunaan bahan-bakar yang lebih ramah
lingkungan
Penggunaan teknologi yang lebih ramah lingkungan,
menuju zero emission
Partisipasi masyarakat dlm program penghematan
bahan bakar dan pengurangan emisi gas buang
SEKIAN
TERIMA KASIH