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Tabel Data Pengamatan

Pengumpulan Rapat Masa Partikel

Fluidisasi Partikel Berdiameter 250-500 mikro meter

ΔP (cmH2O) ΔP (Pa)
Laju alir Unggun 3 Unggun 4 Unggun 5 Unggun 3 Unggun 4 Unggun 5
cm cm cm cm cm cm
3 1,1 1,6 1,7 107,872 156,906 166,712

5 1,15 1,68 2,1 112,776 164,751 205,938

7 1,25 1,7 2,25 122,583 166,712 220,648

9 1,37 1,77 2,3 134,350 173,576 225,552

11 1,4 1,75 2,35 137,29 171,616 230,455

13 1,45 1,78 2,45 142,196 174,557 240,262

15 1,47 1,8 2,5 144,157 176,519 245,165

17 1,5 1,85 2,6 147,099 181,421 254,971

19 1,55 1,95 2,65 152,002 191,229 259,875

21 1,55 2 2,8 152,002 196,132 274,585

23 1,6 2 2,85 156,906 196,132 279,488

25 1,6 2,1 2,93 156,906 205,939 287,333

27 1,6 2,1 3 156,906 205,939 294,198

29 1,6 2,1 3,05 156,906 205,939 299,101

Fluidisasi Partikel Berdiameter 0-0,5 milimeter

ΔP (cmH2O) ΔP (Pa)
Laju
Unggun 3 Unggun 4 Unggun 5 Unggun 3 Unggun 4 Unggun 5
alir
cm cm cm cm cm cm
3 1,4 2 2,7 137,2924 196,132 264,7782
5 1,5 2,1 2,7 147,099 205,9386 264,7782

7 1,6 2,1 2,8 156,9056 205,9386 274,5848

9 1,6 2,2 2,8 156,9056 215,7452 274,5848

11 1,7 2,2 2,9 166,7122 215,7452 284,3914

13 1,8 2,3 3 176,5188 225,5518 294,198

15 1,9 2,4 3 186,3254 235,3584 294,198

17 2 2,5 3 196,132 245,165 294,198

19 2 2,5 3 196,132 245,165 294,198

21 2 2,6 3,05 196,132 254,9716 299,1013

23 2 2,6 3,1 196,132 254,9716 304,0046

25 2,1 2,7 3,15 205,9386 264,7782 308,9079

27 2,1 2,7 3,2 205,9386 264,7782 313,8112

29 2,1 2,8 3,25 205,9386 274,5848 318,7145

Pengolahan Data

Menghitung Rapat Massa Partikel

Menghitung Volume Piknometer

Menghitung Umf

1 273,2
𝜌𝑓 = 28,97 (22,414) ( )
𝑇𝑓

𝑇𝑓 = 250C = 298 K

1 273,2
𝜌𝑓 = 28,97 (22,414) ( 298 )

𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑓 = 1,1849 𝑚3

Fluidisasi Partikel Berdiameter 250-500 mikro meter


250 𝜇𝑚+500𝜇𝑚
𝐷𝑝 = = 375 𝜇𝑚= 3,75 𝑥 10−4
2

Nre untuk partikel diameter 250-500 𝝁𝒎

𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣
𝑁𝑅𝑒 =
𝜇

 Q = 3 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄=3 𝑥 𝑥 = 5 𝑥 10−5 𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 5 𝑥 10−5
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,0231 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,0231 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 739,507
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

20 < Nre < 1000


1/2
𝐷𝑝 𝑥 𝑈𝑚𝑓 𝑥 𝜌𝑝 𝐷𝑝 𝑥 𝜌𝑓 (𝜌𝑝 − 𝜌𝑓 )
= [33,72 + 0,0408 ] − 33,7
𝜇 𝜇2

𝑘𝑔
3,75 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 𝑈𝑚𝑓 𝑥 1576,612
𝑚3
𝑘𝑔
1,8464 𝑥 10−5
𝑚 𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑘𝑔 𝑘𝑔 𝑘𝑔 1/2
3,75 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 1,1849 (1576,612 − 1,1849 )
𝑚3 𝑚3 𝑚3
= 33,72 + 0,0408
𝑘𝑔 2
[ (1,8464 𝑥 10−5 ) ]
𝑚 𝑑𝑡𝑘
− 33,7

32020,662 𝑥 𝑈𝑚𝑓 = 9119,288

9119,288 𝑚
𝑈𝑚𝑓 = = 0,285
32020,662 𝑑𝑡𝑘

 Q= 5 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄=5 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡
𝑥 1𝑙
𝑥 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
= 8,33 𝑥 10−5 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1 2
𝐴= 𝜋𝐷 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
3
−5 𝑚
𝑄 8,33 𝑥 10
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,0385 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,0385 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 1232,512
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 7 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄=7 𝑥 𝑥 = 1,17 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 1,17 𝑥 10−4
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,0539 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,0539 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 1725,517
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 9 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄=9 𝑥 𝑥 = 1,50 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
3
−4 𝑚
𝑄 1,50 𝑥 10
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,0693 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,0693 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 2218,522
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 11 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 11 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 1,83 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 1,83 𝑥 10−4
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,0847 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥0,0847 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 2711,526
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5
 Q= 13 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 13 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 2,17 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 2,17 𝑥 10−4
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1001 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,1001 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 3204,531
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 15 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 15 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 2,50 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
3
−4 𝑚
𝑄 2,50 𝑥 10
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1155 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,1155 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 3697,536
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 17 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 17 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 2,83𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 2,83 𝑥 10−4
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1308 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,1308 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 4190,54
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 19 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 19 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 3,17𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
3
−4 𝑚
𝑄 3,17 𝑥 10
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1462 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,1462 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 4683,546
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 21 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 21 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 3,50 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
3
−4 𝑚
𝑄 3,50 𝑥 10
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1616 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,1616 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 5176,550
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 23 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 33 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 3,83 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 3,83 𝑥 10−4
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1771 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,1771 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 5669,55
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q=25l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 25 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 4,17 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
3
−4 𝑚
𝑄 4,17 𝑥 10
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1923 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,1923 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 6162,56
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 27 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 27 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 4,50 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 4,50 𝑥 10−4
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,2079 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75𝑥 10−4 𝑚𝑥 0,2079 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 6655,565
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 29 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 29 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 4,83 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 4,83 𝑥 10−4
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,2232 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1576,612 3 𝑥 3,75𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,2232 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 7148,569
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

Nre > 1000 (Pada saat Q= 5-29 lt/menit)

𝐷𝑝 𝑥 (𝜌𝑝 − 𝜌𝑓 )
𝑈𝑚𝑓 =
24,5 𝑥 𝜌𝑓
𝑘𝑔 𝑘𝑔
3,75 𝑥 10−5 𝑚 𝑥 (1576,612 − 1,1849 3 )
𝑈𝑚𝑓 = 𝑚3 𝑚 = 2,035 𝑥 10−3
𝑘𝑔
24,5 𝑥 1,1849 3
𝑚

Fluidisasi Partikel Berdiameter 0-0,5 milimeter


0,5 𝑚𝑚
𝐷𝑝 = = 0,25 𝑚𝑚= 2,5 𝑥 10−4
2

Nre untuk partikel diameter 0-0,5 mm

𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣
𝑁𝑅𝑒 =
𝜇

 Q = 3 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄=3 𝑥 𝑥 = 5 𝑥 10−5 𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1 2
𝐴= 𝜋𝐷 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 5 𝑥 10−5
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,0231 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,0231 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 500,049
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 5 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄=5 𝑥 𝑥 = 8,33 𝑥 10−5 𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 8,33 𝑥 10−5
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,0385 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚𝑥 0,0385 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 833,414
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

20 < Nre < 1000 (Pada saat Q = 3-5 lt/menit)


1/2
𝐷𝑝 𝑥 𝑈𝑚𝑓 𝑥 𝜌𝑝 𝐷𝑝 𝑥 𝜌𝑓 (𝜌𝑝 − 𝜌𝑓 )
= [33,72 + 0,0408 ] − 33,7
𝜇 𝜇2

𝑘𝑔
2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 𝑈𝑚𝑓 𝑥1599,138
𝑚3
𝑘𝑔
1,8464 𝑥 10−5
𝑚 𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑘𝑔 𝑘𝑔 𝑘𝑔 1/2
2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 1,1849 (1599,138 − 1,1849 )
𝑚3 𝑚3 𝑚3
= 33,72 + 0,0408
−5 𝑘𝑔 2
[ (1,8464 𝑥 10 ) ]
𝑚 𝑑𝑡𝑘
− 33,7

21652,107 𝑥 𝑈𝑚𝑓 = 7493,446

7493,446 𝑚
𝑈𝑚𝑓 = = 0,346
21652,107 𝑑𝑡𝑘

 Q= 7 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄=7 𝑥 𝑥 = 1,17 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 1,17 𝑥 10−4
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,0539 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚𝑥 0,0539 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 1166,780
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 9 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄=9 𝑥 𝑥 = 1,50 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1 2
𝐴= 𝜋𝐷 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
3
−4 𝑚
𝑄 1,50 𝑥 10
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,0693 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,0693 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 1500,146
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 11 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 11 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 1,83 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 1,83 𝑥 10−4
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,0847 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚𝑥0,0847 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 1833,517
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 13 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 13 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 2,17 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
3
−4 𝑚
𝑄 2,17 𝑥 10
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1001 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,1001 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 2166,878
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5
 Q= 15 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 15 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 2,50 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 2,50 𝑥 10−4
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1155 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,1155 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 2500,243
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 17 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 17 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 2,83𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
3
−4 𝑚
𝑄 2,83 𝑥 10
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1308 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,1308 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 2833,609
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 19 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 19 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 3,17𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 3,17 𝑥 10−4
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1462 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,1462 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 3166,975
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 21 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 21 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 3,50 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
3
−4 𝑚
𝑄 3,50 𝑥 10
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1616 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚𝑥 0,1616 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 3500,340
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 23 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 33 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 3,83 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
3
−4 𝑚
𝑄 3,83 𝑥 10
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1771 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,1771 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 3833,706
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q=25l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 25 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 4,17 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 4,17 𝑥 10−4
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,1923 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,1923 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 4167,072
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 27 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 27 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 4,50 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
3
−4 𝑚
𝑄 4,50 𝑥 10
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,2079 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,2079 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 4500,473
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

 Q= 29 l/menit
𝑙 10−3 𝑚3 1 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑚3
𝑄 = 29 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 = 4,83 𝑥 10−4 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1𝑙 60 𝑑𝑡𝑘
1
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2 = 0,002165 𝑚2
4
𝑚3
𝑄 4,83 𝑥 10−4
𝑣 = = 𝑑𝑡𝑘 = 0,2232 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝐴 0,002165 𝑚2
𝑘𝑔
𝜌𝑥𝐷𝑥𝑣 1599,138 3 𝑥 2,5 𝑥 10−4 𝑚 𝑥 0,2232 𝑚/𝑑𝑡𝑘
𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = 𝑚 = 4833,804
𝜇 1,8464 𝑥 10−5

Nre > 1000 (Pada saat Q= 9-29 lt/menit)

𝐷𝑝 𝑥 (𝜌𝑝 − 𝜌𝑓 )
𝑈𝑚𝑓 =
24,5 𝑥 𝜌𝑓
𝑘𝑔 𝑘𝑔
2,5 𝑥 10−5 𝑚 𝑥 (1599,138 3 − 1,1849 3 )
𝑈𝑚𝑓 = 𝑚 𝑚 = 1,376 𝑥 10−3
𝑘𝑔
24,5 𝑥 1,1849 3
𝑚

Fluidisasi Partikel Berdiameter 250-500 mikro meter

Log ΔP
Laju Log Umf
Unggun Unggun Unggun Umf (m/dtk)
alir (m/dtk)
3 cm 4 cm 5 cm
3 2,033 2,196 2,222 0,285 -0,545

5 2,052 2,217 2,314 2,035 x 10-3 -2,691

7 2,088 2,222 2,344 2,035 x 10-3 -2,691

9 2,128 2,239 2,353 2,035 x 10-3 -2,691

11 2,138 2,235 2,363 2,035 x 10-3 -2,691

13 2,153 2,242 2,381 2,035 x 10-3 -2,691

15 2,159 2,247 2,389 2,035 x 10-3 -2,691

17 2,168 2,259 2,406 2,035 x 10-3 -2,691

19 2,182 2,282 2,415 2,035 x 10-3 -2,691

21 2,182 2,293 2,439 2,035 x 10-3 -2,691

23 2,196 2,293 2,446 2,035 x 10-3 -2,691

25 2,196 2,314 2,458 2,035 x 10-3 -2,691


27 2,196 2,314 2,469 2,035 x 10-3 -2,691

29 2,196 2,314 2,476 2,035 x 10-3 -2,691

Fluidisasi Partikel Berdiameter 0-0,5 milimeter

Log ΔP
Laju Log Umf
Unggun Unggun Unggun Umf (m/dtk)
alir (m/dtk)
3 cm 4 cm 5 cm
3 2,138 2,293 2,423 0,346 -0,46

5 2,168 2,314 2,423 0,346 -0,46

7 2,196 2,314 2,438 1,376 x 10-3 -2,861

9 2,196 2,334 2,439 1,376 x 10-3 -2,861

11 2,222 2,334 2,454 1,376 x 10-3 -2,861

13 2,247 2,353 2,468 1,376 x 10-3 -2,861

15 2,270 2,372 2,468 1,376 x 10-3 -2,861

17 2,292 2,389 2,468 1,376 x 10-3 -2,861

19 2,292 2,389 2,468 1,376 x 10-3 -2,861

21 2,292 2,406 2,476 1,376 x 10-3 -2,861

23 2,292 2,406 2,483 1,376 x 10-3 -2,861

25 2,313 2,422 2,489 1,376 x 10-3 -2,861

27 2,313 2,422 2,497 1,376 x 10-3 -2,861

29 2,313 2,438 2,503 1,376 x 10-3 -2,861


2.500

2.450
Log ΔP terhadap Umf
2.400

2.350

2.300
Log ΔP

2.250 3 cm

2.200 4 cm
5 cm
2.150

2.100

2.050

2.000
-3.000 -2.500 -2.000 -1.500 -1.000 -0.500 0.000
Umf

Gambar 1. Kurva Karakteristik Fludisasi untuk Ukuran Partikel 250-500 𝜇𝑚

2.550

Log ΔP terhadap Umf 2.500

2.450

2.400

2.350
Log ΔP

3 cm
2.300
4 cm
2.250 5 cm

2.200

2.150

2.100
-3.5 -3 -2.5 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0
Umf

Gambar 2. Kurva Karakteristik Fluidisasi untuk Ukuran 0-0,5 mm