Anda di halaman 1dari 110

© 1978–2014 Paradigm B.V. and/or its affiliates and subsidiaries. All rights reserved.

The information in this document is subject to change without notice and should not be construed as a commitment by Paradigm B.V.
and/or its affiliates and subsidiaries (collectively, "Paradigm"). Paradigm assumes no responsibility for any errors that may appear in
this document.
The Copyright Act of the United States, Title 17 of the United States Code, Section 501 prohibits the reproduction or transmission of
Paradigm’s copyrighted material in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by
any information storage and retrieval system without permission in writing from Paradigm. Violators of this statute will be subject to civil
and possible criminal liability. The infringing activity will be enjoined and the infringing articles will be impounded. Violators will be
personally liable for Paradigm’s actual damages and any additional profits of the infringer, or statutory damages in the amount of up to
$150,000 per infringement. Paradigm will also seek all costs and attorney fees. In addition, any person who infringes this copyright
willfully and for the purpose of commercial advantage or private financial gain, or by the reproduction or distribution of one or more
copies of a copyrighted work with a total retail value of over $1,000 shall be punished under the criminal laws of the United States of
America, including fines and possible imprisonment.
The following are trademarks or registered trademarks of Paradigm B.V. and/or its affiliates and subsidiaries (collectively,"Paradigm")
in the United States or in other countries: Paradigm, Paradigm logo, and/or other Paradigm products referenced herein. For a complete
list of Paradigm trademarks, visit our Web site at www.pdgm.com. All other company or product names are the trademarks or
registered trademarks of their respective holders.
Alea and Jacta software under license from TOTAL. All rights reserved.
Some components or processes may be licensed under one or more of U.S. Patent Numbers 5,570,106; 5,615,171; 6,765,570; and
6,690,820.
Some components or processes are patented by Paradigm and/or one or more of its affiliates under U.S. Patent Numbers 5,563,949;
5,629,904; 5,838,564; 5,892,732; 5,930,730; 6,055,482; 6,092,026; 6,430,508; 6,819,628; 6,820,043; 6,859,734; 6,873,913;
7,095,677; 7,123,258; 7,295,929; 7,295,930; 7,328,139; 7,561,922; 7,584,056; 7,711,532; 7,844,402; 8,095,319; 8,120,991;
8,150,663; 8,582,825; and 8,600,708. In addition, there may be patent protection in other foreign jurisdictions for these and other
Paradigm products.
All rights not expressly granted are reserved.
Third-party software notices are located at www.pdgm.com/thirdparty/.

Printed February 5, 2014


Paradigm®

Value of Paradigm Training 1 .

Intellectual capital is a vital asset for your corporation. It includes the possession
of knowledge, experience, technology, and professional skills that provide your
company with a competitive edge in the market. ParadigmTM Training is your
premier partner in maintaining and improving the intellectual capital of your
organization. Paradigm Training is an important part of your competitive edge.
Paradigm’s training programs will help you:
 Empower your staff
 Increase productivity
 Reduce cycle time
 Build employee confidence and loyalty
 Keep and develop key performers
 Align employees to business unit goals and objectives
 Enable team development
Paradigm training programs are a value-added core component of your
business strategy. Training has never been more important in helping you meet
the changing needs of a complex, constantly evolving business environment.

Return On Investment of Paradigm Training . .

Paradigm training programs are an investment in your company’s intellectual


capital. Many companies focus on the “expense” of training. While it is true that
training costs money and takes up valuable employee time, studies show that
training provides a positive return on investment, sometimes as much as
several hundred percent. Training increases the knowledge and skills of your
employees, as well as contributes to their sense of being valued by the
company. Both lead to a sharp increase in productivity and reduction in cycle
time.

Employee surveys indicate that appropriate and timely training programs are
one of the best ways to ensure employee retention. Paradigm training programs
will make your employees knowledgeable in the use of our products, allowing
them to meet corporate objectives faster, using state-of-the-art technology.
Therefore, although training may seem like a luxurious expense to some
companies, it is, in fact, one of the soundest investments you can make. The
question becomes, can you really afford not to make this investment?

2014 Training Catalog Value of Paradigm Training 3


Paradigm®

Paradigm Training Programs . .

Paradigm offers training programs globally that will enhance your company’s
intellectual capital and maximize your return on investment. Our training
programs include:
 Public courses on Paradigm products offered at our Training Centers
worldwide
 Private courses on Paradigm products offered at our Training Centers or
your site
 JumpStart training programs that reduce the learning curve for new users
 Customized Private Training programs that meet your specific business
objectives
 Advanced Training programs that contain a complement of science and
technology workflows
 Exponential Learning programs that include customer selected topics and
delivered as follow-up mentoring

Paradigm Training Best Practices . .

Paradigm highly recommends the following best practices to ensure the highest
level results from our training programs.
 Paradigm training programs work best when they are integrated with your
career development and performance management initiatives. When
Paradigm training programs are incorporated into individual career
development plans, it has a powerful effect on the performance and
productivity of the individual, as well as the company. Managers must
support and encourage employees to attend training classes.
 Global (or large group) training programs should be customized to your
specific corporate goals and objectives. Paradigm will partner with you to
plan and manage all training programs so that they are clearly linked to your
desired business outcomes.
 Reinforcement strategies should be implemented upon the student’s
completion of the course. Paradigm offers follow-up mentoring after
scheduled course training to put classroom concepts into real world
practicality.
 Best results from our training programs occur when you have an internal
infrastructure in place that supports the student’s application of what has
been learned. Training only adds value when you have all the software and
projects loaded and available to students upon completion of their training
program.

4 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Training List 2 .

Paradigm offers a spectrum of training options to suit your needs, from formal
courses on our software in one of our training centers around the world, to
custom courses designed around one of your current projects. You can mix and
match courses from the course catalog to create a customized workshop that
meets your specific business needs.
For information about schedule and location of training courses contact Susan
Lockhart, Paradigm’s Global Technical Training Director, at
training_info@pdgm.com.

Epos Infrastructure

Epos 4.0 System Administration and Acquire skills required to install and maintain the page 10
Data Management Course integrated environment provided by Paradigm’s Epos 4
framework. Learn principles of data management.

System and Database Acquire skills required to install and maintain the page 12
Administration, and Third-Party integrated environment provided by Paradigm 2011
Connectivity and Geolog 7 with Epos 4.1 framework. Learn
principles of data management.

Data Management & Interoperability

Epos Data Management for Learn how to load, manage, QC, and visualize page 14
Technologists interpretation, well, and seismic data.

Loading and Management of Post- Learn how to load, manage, QC, and visualize post- page 16
Stack Seismic Data stack seismic data.

Loading and Managing Well Data Learn the basics of loading and managing well data. page 17

Loading and Management of Learn the basics of loading, managing, and visualizing page 18
Interpretation Data interpretation data.

Loading and Management of Pre- Learn how to perform a basic data loading procedure. page 20
Stack Data

Interpretation & Modeling

Multi-Survey (2D-3D) Interpretation Acquire the tools and techniques for interpreting page 21
SeisEarth XV (Epos 4.0, Paradigm horizons and faults across a large region
2011, or Paradigm 2011.3) encompassing multiple 2D and 3D surveys.

Basic VoxelGeo 4.0 Learn to use the basic tools in VoxelGeo for visualizing page 23
and interpreting 3D data.

Introduction to VoxelGeo 4.1 Learn to use the basic tools in VoxelGeo Paradigm page 25
2011 for visualizing and interpreting 3D data.

2014 Training Catalog Training List 5


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization using Introduces VoxelGeo users to VXPlot utilities for page 27
VXPlot and VoxelGeo reservoir characterization.

Explorer - 3D Time to Depth Learn to perform a 3D time to depth conversion page 29


Conversion Workflow workflow.

Introduction to GOCAD for Building Learn the basics of the GOCAD suite of tools, and to page 30
Geologic Models create a structural model. Learn to create reservoir
grids from a structural model, and to create models for
facies, porosity and permeability using pixel-based
methods.

Advanced Structural Modeling using Build complex structural models using Structural page 33
GOCAD Kine3D-1 Framework Builder and Kine3D-1 tools.

Introduction to GOCAD for Learn the basics of the GOCAD suite of tools, and to page 34
Interpreters create a structural model. Learn how to visualize
seismic volumes and interpret horizons. Create a
velocity model and convert interpretation data from
time to depth domain

SKUA Fundamentals (RFC 2009) Acquire navigation skills in the SKUA suite. Foundation page 37
for all other SKUA training classes.

Modeling Reservoir Architecture Learn to model any 3D structure for a geologic and flow page 39
using SKUA simulation model.

Prospect Generation Workflow Teaches an integrated best-practices interpretation page 41


workflow combining functionalities of several Paradigm
products.

StratEarth-Well Correlation Learn to create 2D views (cross-sections and well page 43


Paradigm 2011.3 section) and perform well correlation in StratEarth
Paradigm 2011.3.

Interpreting and Modeling Salt in 3D Learn methods for interpreting and modeling salt page 45
Canvas bodies using tools provided by 3D Canvas.

Interpreting and Modeling Salt in 3D Learn a variety of techniques for interpreting and page 46
Canvas and SKUA modeling salt bodies using tools provided by 3D
Canvas and SKUA.

Seismic Processing & Imaging

Echos 1.0 Basics Introduces the interactive and processing approaches page 47
to using Echos 1.0.

Introduction to Echos 2011.2 Introduces the interactive and processing approaches page 48
to using Echos 2011.2.

GeoDepth 3D Basics Introduces new applications in GeoDepth v9.0. Guides page 49


students through recommended basic time to depth
velocity analysis workflows.

6 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Introduction to GeoDepth 3D Introduces new applications in GeoDepth Paradigm page 51


2011. Guides students through recommended basic
time to depth velocity analysis workflows.

FastVel: Automatic Residual Learn to use the FastVel application to perform page 53
Velocity Analysis automatic residual velocity analysis.

3D Grid Tomography Learn to perform velocity model updating using the page 54
latest 3D grid tomography tools available.

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics

Geolog Basics for Geolog 6.7 or Introduces students to the basics of Geolog’s primary page 56
6.7.1 applications.

Fundamentals of Geolog for Log Introduces students to the basics of Geolog’s primary page 58
Analysis and Well Correlation in applications.
Geolog 6.7 or 6.7.1

Fundamentals of Geolog for Log Introduces students to the basics of Geolog’s primary page 60
Analysis in Geolog 7 or Geolog 7.1 applications.

Geomage: Image Analysis Toolkit Teaches how to use Geomage to create and process page 62
for Geolog 6.7 image logs, and typical workflows.

Geolog 7 - Correlation Learn how to use the Correlation View embedded in page 63
Geolog.

Geolog Determin for Geolog 6.7.1 or Learn how to use Geolog as a tool for performing page 64
Geolog 7 deterministic petrophysical well evaluations.

Geolog 6.7.1 - Full Sonic Wave Teaches processing and interpretation of acoustic page 65
Processing (SWP) waveforms in Geolog.

Geolog 6.6.1 - Geophysics Basics Learn how to generate a synthetic seismic trace. page 67

Geolog 6.6.1 - Gassmann Workflow Guides students through numerous empirical rock page 69
relationships and theoretical rock models in a workflow
to derive and evaluate the measured results for the
Gassmann fluid substitution.

Geolog 7 - Multimin Teaches the Formation Evaluation professional the page 71


Optimizing approach to Petrophysical Analysis.

Geolog 7 - Introduction to Loglan Learn the basics of the Loglan programming language, page 73
Programming how to develop a module using the language, and how
to run the module from within Well or Project.

Geolog 7 - Tcl Programming Learn to use Tcl to develop modules for log processing, page 74
database access, information management, and report
generation.

2014 Training Catalog Training List 7


Paradigm®

Geolog for Petrophysicists Learn the basics of the primary Geolog applications page 75
and work through a deterministic petrophysical
workflow. Introduces students to the Loglan
programming language.

Geolog for Geologists Learn the basics of the primary applications with page 77
hands-on exercises that illustrate most of their features
and functions.

Advanced Geolog Covers Multimin (probabilistic, or optimizing, page 79


petrophysical analysis) and Geolog programming using
Loglan and Tcl.

Geolog 7 - Facimage Introduces students to Log-based facies analysis. page 81

Geolog Laminated Shaly Sand Teaches the petrophysicist how to interpret log data page 83
Analysis (LSSA) from laminated shaly sand sequences.

Probe: AVO Inversion & Analysis Guides students through a basic AVO workflow. page 84

Integrated Reservoir Develop a comprehensive understanding of the theory page 85


Characterization Workshop and application of Paradigm’s broad offerings in
Reservoir Characterization.

Basic Stratimagic 4.1 Learn to use Epos enabled Stratimagic by following a page 87
standard interpretation and facies analysis workflow.

Rock Property Prediction using Introduces rock property prediction using Epos 4.0 page 89
Stratimagic/SeisFacies 4.0 Stratimagic/SeisFacies.

Advanced Data Analysis and Learn how to analyze the data in order to decide the page 91
Property Modeling using GOCAD modeling strategy (algorithm and input parameters) for
facies, porosity, and permeability.

Basic Geostatistics Acquire key points of geostatistics to model reservoir page 93


properties.

Reservoir Risk Assessment using Learn how to use the GOCAD Reservoir Risk page 95
GOCAD (Jacta) Assessment module for defining uncertainty models on
reservoir data and analyzing uncertainty runs.

Uncertainty Management (Alea and Learn how to optimize decision making by assessing page 97
Jacta) risk associated to a reservoir modeling study.

Reservoir Simulation Interface and Learn how to run flow simulations from GOCAD and to page 99
Production Data Analysis using analyze results.
GOCAD

Upscaling Geologic Models using Learn the theory and GOCAD LGR and Upscaler page 101
GOCAD workflow.

8 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Well Planning & Drilling

Introduction to Well Planning and Introduces you to well planning and drilling engineering page 103
Drilling Engineering using Sysdrill 2009.1.

Advanced Well Planning and Drilling Advanced well planning and drilling engineering using page 104
Engineering Sysdrill 2012.1sp1.

Geosteer: Well Directional Steering Guides students through practical Geosteering page 105
exercises and workflow processes.

Planning Wells using GOCAD Drill Learn to optimize trajectories and surface positions page 107
Planner using Drilling Planner.

Development

Programming in GOCAD Developer Get started creating your own application in GOCAD page 109
Kit Framework Suite development framework.

GOCAD Developer Kit: Learn to create custom objects in GOCAD and page 110
Implementing Gobjs and User implement interactivity with them. Learn to develop
Interfaces advanced interfaces with QT.

2014 Training Catalog Training List 9


Paradigm®

Epos Infrastructure 3 .

Epos 4.0 System Administration and Data


Management . .

Details
Duration 3 days

Prerequisites Some familiarity with Linux or completion of a System Administration course (Unix
and/or Windows). Some exposure to ParadigmTM products.

Who should attend? System Administrators and Data Managers responsible for maintaining Paradigm
environments.

Objectives 1

Obtain a solid foundation for understanding the concepts and skills required to
install and maintain the integrated environment provided by the Paradigm Epos®
4.0 framework and associated technical applications. Day one provides you with
an in-depth overview of system administration including Epos architecture and
installation. Day two teaches Epos 4.0 data management. Day three covers
third-party connectivity.

Contents 2

 Epos Architecture and Installation


 System Architecture and Terminology
 Installation Procedure
 License Manager
 Launcher Applications and Scripts
 Paradigm Name Service
 Epos Users
 Enterprise Installations
 System Admin Utilities
 Epos Data Management
 Epos Databases
 Data Paths
Continued on next page...

10 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

 Files and Directories


 Project Upgrade
 Data Management
 Backup and Restore
 Data Security
 Troubleshooting
 Third-Party Connectivity
 Connectivity Overview
 ULA, CORSER and GLDB
 Installing and Configuring Third Party Links
 Import Seismic Data
 Import and Export Interpretation Data
 Link and Transfer Well Data
 Workshop - WAM

2014 Training Catalog Epos Infrastructure 11


Paradigm®

Epos Infrastructure 4 .

System and Database Administration, and


Third-Party Connectivity . .

Details
Duration 5 days

Prerequisites Some familiarity with Linux or completion of a System Administration course (Unix
and/or Windows). Some exposure to ParadigmTM products.

Who should attend? Application Support Personnel or System Administrators responsible for maintaining
multi-user / networked Epos Environments.

Objectives 1

Obtain a solid foundation for understanding the concepts and skills required to
install and maintain the integrated environment provided in Paradigm 2011 and
Geolog 7 with Epos® 4.1 framework and associated technical applications.

Contents 2

 Epos System Administration


— System Architecture and Terminology
— Standalone Installation
— License Manager
— Installation Files and Directories
— Launcher Applications and Scripts
— Paradigm Name Service
— Epos User
— Geolog Site Configuration
— Enterprise Installations
— System and Network Requirements
— Support Packs
— Site Reconfiguration
— Troubleshooting
Continued on next page...

12 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

 Epos Database Administration


— Epos Databases
— Data Paths
— Files and Directories
— Project Upgrade
— Backup and Restore
— Advanced Permissions
— Data Management
— Project Synchronization
— WAM Workshop
— Epos Data Security
 Third-Party Connectivity
— Connectivity Overview
— Third-Party Server Installation
— Third-Party Server Workflows
— OpenSpirit Link

2014 Training Catalog Epos Infrastructure 13


Paradigm®

Data Management and Interoperability 5 .

Epos Data Management for Technologists . .

Details
Duration 5 days

Prerequisites Background/familiarity in data loading terminology and concepts. Understanding of


basic geoscience concepts.

Who should attend? Technologists, processors, geoscientists, and new users of Paradigm technology
who load and manage data.

Applications SEG-Y, ASCII, and ULA Import/Export utilities, Epos Data Management utilities,
BaseMap, Section, and 3D Canvas

Objectives 1

This introductory course (either Epos 4 Rollup 3 or Paradigm 2011) is


designed to familiarize the technologist with Epos tools for loading, managing,
and displaying Interpretation, Well, and Seismic Data. This course is divided
into a series of mini workflows and exercises that help the technologist obtain a
comprehensive understanding of data loading procedures and the basic use of
loaded data. This course enables technologists to load very large seismic
surveys within a spatial and regional framework. All applications use the Epos
infrastructure and are launched from the Paradigm Session Manager.

Contents 2

 Understanding basic Paradigm terminology


— Students are introduced to Paradigm terminology and concepts. Topics
reviewed include:
 PNS
 Data access and security
 Epos User and how it is related to data access
 Projects, coordinate system, surveys, databases, etc.
— Project management terminology, introduction to Epos Administrator
management tools, end user tools for data management (overview of
Epos data management tools), WAM, etc.

Continued on next page...

14 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

 Loading and managing Interpretation data


— Creating a new project and survey, restoring a 2D survey
— Loading Horizon & Fault Picks (2D and 3D)
— Creating a CGM file
— Exporting interpretation data in ASCII formats
— Importing culture
— Interpretation data types - overview
 Loading and managing Well data
— Loading Well Locations and Elevations
— Loading Checkshots
— Loading Well Logs
— Loading Well Markers
— Creating Well Lists
— Displaying well data in BaseMap and 3D Canvas
— Loading Deviation Surveys
 Loading Pre-stack Seismic data
— Loading Time Migrated Gathers
— Loading Vertical Functions
— Creating Velocity Volume
 Loading Post-stack Seismic data
— Loading Post-Stack SEG-Y Data (2D and 3D)
— Creating Multi-Survey Project (Epos 4 RU3)
— Loading 2D seismic and 2D line geometry (Paradigm 2011)
 ULA and GLDBWELL Data Transfer Demonstration
— Import and Export of Interpretation and Seismic Data
— Linking and Copying Well Data
— Working with multi-survey data
— Loading seismic from third-party databases using ULA

2014 Training Catalog Data Management and Interoperability 15


Paradigm®

Data Management and Interoperability 6 .

Loading and Management of Post-Stack


Seismic Data . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Geoscience background

Who should attend? Geotechnicians (data loaders), new users

Applications SEG-Y, ASCII, and ULA Import/Export utilities, Project,/Survey Manager and Seismic
Data Manager, BaseMap, Section, and 3D Canvas

Objectives 1

Gain the skills needed to perform post-stack seismic data loading, learn about
data management and data visualization utilities, and about the applications
required to load and QC data in Epos 4 Rollup 3. The course follows a series of
steps that make up a basic data loading workflow.

Contents 2

 Getting Started (Epos User, Product Manager, Session Manager)


 Creating a 3D survey
 QC the survey setup
 Loading 3D SEG-Y data
 QC the loaded 3D data
 Copying, Backing Up, Restoring, and Deleting surveys
 Seismic data management
 Loading 2D seismic and 2D line data
 Creating a 2D survey
 Loading SEG-Y format 2D data
 Loading ASCII format 2D Line data
 Working with multi-survey data
 Loading seismic from third-party databases using ULA

16 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Data Management and Interoperability 7 .

Loading and Managing Well Data . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Basic familiarity with Paradigm products

Who should attend? Geotechnicians (data loaders), new users, Interpreters

Applications ASCII, and ULA Import/Export utilities, Project/Survey and Well Data Managers,
SeisEarth®XV (Well Log window, BaseMap, 3D Canvas)

Objectives 1

Learn the basics of data loading, data management, and data visualization
utilities and applications required to load and QC well data in Epos® 4.0 Rollup
3 or Paradigm 2011. Students are guided through a series of steps that follow a
basic data loading workflow. There are also many self-paced exercises
designed to reinforce learning.

Contents 2

 Launching the Session Manager and selecting the Epos User


 Creating a new project and new well database
 Loading and managing well locations and elevations
 Loading and managing checkshots
 Loading and managing well logs
 Loading and managing well markers
 Creating well lists (Paradigm 2011)
 Displaying well data
 Loading and managing deviation surveys
 Working with a third-party well database
 Workshop exercise: Loading a new well database

2014 Training Catalog Data Management and Interoperability 17


Paradigm®

Data Management and Interoperability 8 .

Loading and Management of Interpretation


Data . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Suggested: Epos® 3 System Administration

Who should attend? Geotechnicians (data loaders), new users

Applications ASCII Import/Export, Interpretation Data Manager, Project/Survey Manager,


BaseMap, 3D Canvas, ULA Import/Export

Objectives 1

Learn to load and manage interpretation data in 2D and 3D surveys and


projects. This course introduces data loading, data management and data
visualization utilities, and applications required to load and QC interpretation
data in Epos 4 Rollup3. Follow along with demonstrations for each step and
work on self-paced exercises designed to reinforce learning.

Contents 2

 Getting started
— Selecting a license
— Selecting the Epos user
— Creating a new project and survey
— Restoring a 2D survey and assigning it to a project
— Using the Interpretation Data Manager
 Loading 2D horizon and fault picks into 2D surveys
— Loading 2D picks in GeoQuest/UKOOA/Landmark format
— Displaying 2D picks in 3D Canvas
 Managing 2D lines
 Loading horizon picks and fault outlines into 3D surveys
 Loading grids and fault outlines into a project
Continued on next page...

18 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

 Importing multi value picks


 More about Epos Users
 More options in the Interpretation Data Manager
 Exporting Interpretation data to ASCII formats
 Importing and exporting interpretation from third-party databases via ULA
 Creating CGM and GIF files in the BaseMap
 Importing and exporting interpretation data from 3D Canvas

2014 Training Catalog Data Management and Interoperability 19


Paradigm®

Data Management and Interoperability 9 .

Loading and Management of Pre-Stack Data . .

Details
Duration 1 day

Prerequisites none

Who should attend? Geotechnicians (data loaders), new users

Applications SEG-Y Import/Export, ASCII Import/Export, Survey Manager, Project Manager,


Surface Table

Objectives 1

Gain a comprehensive overview of the basic data loading procedure in Epos 3


Third Edition. This is an essential part of every geophysical software package,
in which data from various sources in different formats is converted to a format
acceptable by the software system being used.

Contents 2

 Setting up the Epos® 3 environment and selecting the license


 Creating a new 3D project and a new 3D survey
 Loading data for a 2D and 3D survey using the SEG-Y Import/Export utility
 Loading data for a 2D and 3D survey using the ASCII Import/Export utility
 Customizing ASCIII format
 Performing QC of the loaded data in various ParadigmTM applications
 Creating a new 2D survey
 Loading pre-stack time data in SEG-Y format
 Additional exercises in which students learn about brick files and creating
surveys during the loading procedure

20 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 0 1 .

Multi-Survey (2D-3D) Interpretation SeisEarth


XV . .

Details
Duration 3 days

Prerequisites Students should have a general understanding of horizon and fault interpretation

Who should attend? New SeisEarth® users, Interpreters

Applications BaseMap, Well Log window, 3D Canvas, Section

Objectives 1

Acquire the tools and techniques for interpreting horizons and faults across a
large region encompassing multiple 2D and 3D surveys. Students are guided
through a workflow that includes data QC, performing mistie corrections,
synthetic calibration to seismic data, interpretation, gridding, contouring, and
attribute generation within the Epos® 4.0, Paradigm 2011, or Paradigm 2011.3
environment. Self-paced exercises throughout the course reinforce learning,
introduce new concepts, and review functionality.

Contents 2

 Getting started and data QC


(Display the data in BaseMap, Section, and 3D Canvas and set display
preferences)
— Project/Survey setup and QC
— Seismic data QC
— Well data QC
— Cultural data QC
 Data correction and calibration
— Correcting seismic misties
— Calibrating well to seismic

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Interpretation and Modeling 21


Paradigm®

 Structural interpretation
— Interpreting faults
— Interpreting horizons
 Mapping
— Creating and managing fault outlines
— Gridding multi-survey horizons
— Smoothing, contouring, and map editing
— Extracting map attributes

22 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 1 1 .

Basic VoxelGeo 4.0 . .

Details
Duration 3 days

Prerequisites None

Who should attend? New VoxelGeo® users, Interpreters

Applications VoxelGeo, BaseMap, 3D Canvas

Objectives 1

Gain the skills needed to use the basic tools available in VoxelGeo 4.0 through
visualization and interpretation workflows. Follow along with demonstrations
and work on self-paced exercises. This course introduces new VoxelGeo users
to the Epos® 4.0 and VoxelGeo environments.

Contents 2

 Getting started
— Introduction to Epos and VoxelGeo environments
— QC the Epos project
— Getting started in VoxelGeo
 Basic volume visualization
— Preparing the display for visualization
— Focusing in on a target
— Volume visualization (optical voxel stacking)
— QC the visualization
 Subvolume detection
— Single seed detection
— Multi-body detection
— Formation sculpting

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Interpretation and Modeling 23


Paradigm®

 Structural interpretation
— Interpreting faults
— Interpreting horizons
— Managing VoxelGeo interpretation
 Working with contours, culture, and wells
— Displaying contours and culture in VoxelGeo
— Displaying wells in VoxelGeo
 Volume operations
— Horizon flattening
— Multi-volume visualization
— Generating volume attributes

24 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 2 1 .

Introduction to VoxelGeo 4.1 . .

Details
Duration 3 days

Prerequisites None

Who should attend? New VoxelGeo® users, Interpreters

Applications VoxelGeo, BaseMap, 3D Canvas

Objectives 1

Gain the skills needed to use the basic tools available in VoxelGeo 4.1
Paradigm 2011 through visualization and interpretation workflows. Follow along
with demonstrations and work on self-paced exercises. This course introduces
new VoxelGeo users to the Epos® and VoxelGeo environments.

Contents 2

 Getting started
— Introduction to Epos and VoxelGeo environments
— QC the Epos project
— Getting started in VoxelGeo
 Displaying data in VoxelGeo
— Displaying seismic data in VoxelGeo
— Displaying Epos interpretation in VoxelGeo
— Displaying contours and culture in VoxelGeo
— Displaying wells in VoxelGeo
— Displaying all data together
 Basic Volume Visualization
— Prepare the display for volume visualization
— Focusing in on a target
— Time Slab visualization
— QC the visualization
Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Interpretation and Modeling 25


Paradigm®

 Volume visualization for reconnaissance


 Subvolume detection
— Single seed detection
— Horizon detection
— Paintbrush picking
— Multi-body detection
— Formation sculpting
 Structural interpretation
— Interpreting faults
— Interpreting horizons
— Editing Interpretation
 Creating and Examining Well Trajectories
— Creating wells
— Examining well trajectories
 Volume Operations
— Horizon flattening
— Multi-volume visualization
— Generating volume attributes
 Quick Animator
 Sending data between VoxelGeo and 3D Canvas

26 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 3 1 .

Reservoir Characterization using VXPlot and


VoxelGeo . .

Details
Duration 1 day

Prerequisites VoxelGeo® 3.1 Basic, or basic understanding of the VoxelGeo product

Who should attend? VoxelGeo users, Interpreters

Applications VoxelGeo and VXPlot add-on

Objectives 1

Follow workflows for reservoir characterization. Analyze these data types from a
single dataset and combine the results to find potential prospects:
 Angle stacks
 Synthetic seismograms
 Petrophysical data (well logs and volumes)
 Calculated volume (Poisson’s Ratio)
 Seismic facies volume
The course is divided into a series of workflows addressing the different data
types and objectives. An optional self-paced workshop is included at the end of
the class which uses a different dataset to demonstrate how to use VXPlot tools
to examine the effects of processing parameters.

Contents 2

 Workflow One: Crossplotting Angle Stacks


— Crossplotting near vs. far angle stacks
— Color-coding the crossplot and seismic sections
— Examining the classified volume in VoxelGeo
— Extracting and mapping geobodies in VoxelGeo
— Calculating and crossplotting Interval Attributes in VXPlot
— Crossplotting synthetic seismograms with angle stack volumes
Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Interpretation and Modeling 27


Paradigm®

 Workflow Two: Crossplotting Petrophysical Properties


— Crossplotting petrophysical logs and defining the region of interest
— Marking volumes using well data
— Calculating and crossplotting petrophysical properties
 Workflow Three: Crossplotting Seismic Facies
— Crossplotting seismic facies and impedance volumes
— Using VoxelGeo to examine and map target regions
 Workshop Exercise: Comparing Datasets
— Using VXPlot to compare two stack volumes created using different
velocity smoothing parameters to examine the effects of the processing
parameters on the stack quality.

28 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 4 1 .

Explorer - 3D Time to Depth Conversion


Workflow . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Geoscience background

Who should attend? New ExplorerTM users

Applications ASCII Import/Export, 3D Canvas, BaseMap, Well Log, Data Managers, Section,
Geostatistical Mapping

Objectives 1

Follow step-by-step through a procedure for 3D time to depth conversion in


Epos® 4 Rollup3. Students are introduced to ParadigmTM applications and its
flexible environment, so that after this course they should be able to design their
own time-to-depth conversion workflow based on the specific structure of their
data and experience.

Contents 2

 Getting started
— Getting Started in Epos 4.0
— Data Loading
 Data preparation and QC
— Displaying and QCing grid and vertical functions data
— Managing well data
 Time to Depth Conversion (each conversion uses a different method)
— Time to depth conversion of the first horizon
— Time to depth conversion of the second horizon
— Time to depth conversion of the third horizon
 Building an interval velocity volume

2014 Training Catalog Interpretation and Modeling 29


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 5 1 .

lntroduction to GOCAD for Building Geologic


Models . .

Details
Duration 3 days

Prerequisites None

Who should attend? Geophysicists, Geologists, and Reservoir Engineers who would like to learn the
basics of GOCAD®.

Modules  GOCAD 3D, Map, Cross Section and Well Viewer


 Structural Framework Builder
 Stratigraphic Modeling & Fault Analysis
 3D Reservoir Grid Builder
 Stratigraphic Modeling & Fault Analysis
 Reservoir Properties

Objectives 1

This course covers four topics that provide a comprehensive introduction to


GOCAD:
 GOCAD Fundamentals (1 day)
Obtain a complete overview of the basic functionalities of GOCAD. This
introductory course is the foundation for all other GOCAD training and is
essential if the student wants to attend any other modular training. Progress
through a series of comprehensive exercises designed to provide an
opportunity to use GOCAD tools to perform data import, display editing,
analytic analysis, and data cleaning.
 Introduction to Structural Framework Builder in GOCAD (1 day)
Learn how to create a subsurface model from horizon and fault
interpretations in the Structural Framework Builder workflow.
 Introduction to 3D Reservoir Grid Building using GOCAD (half day)
Start using a 3D Reservoir Grid Builder workflow quickly to create a
stratigraphic grid. Progress through a series of practical exercises to build
the grid from both an existing structural model in GOCAD and geologic
knowledge of the field area. Note that this is not a comprehensive course
covering the entire functionality of GOCAD.

Continued on next page...

30 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

 Introduction to Reservoir Property Modeling using GOCAD (half day)


Progress through a series of comprehensive exercises designed to provide
the tools to build facies and petrophysical models and post-process results,
all focused towards computing oil in place volume estimation.

Contents 2

GOCAD
1  Introduction to GOCAD
Fundamentals
 Importing Data and Saving Project
— Seismic Cube
— Cultural Data
— Horizon Interpretations
— Fault Interpretations
— Well Path, Markers and Logs
 Visualizing Objects in the 3D Viewer
 Preparing Data for Modeling
— Static and Dynamic Regions
— Property Scripts and Facies Calculator
— Geologic Features
— Stratigraphic Column
— Property Settings
 Analyzing Property Statistics
— Histograms
— Cross-Plots
 Checking Quality of Data in 3D and 2D
— Maps
— Cross-sections

Introduction to
2  Manage fault and horizon data
Structural
 Define volume of interest
Framework Builder
using GOCAD

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Interpretation and Modeling 31


Paradigm®

 Model faults and horizon surfaces


— Create surfaces from interpretation data
— Edit contacts
— Fit to well markers
 Quality control the model
— Visualize model slices in 3D viewer
— Check quality on arbitrary cross sections

Introduction to 3D
3  Defining geologic information for modeling
Reservoir Grid
 Define the reservoir grid extension (envelop)
Building using
GOCAD  Create intermediate horizons from miscellaneous data (for example, well
markers, interpretation data, and thickness maps) and geologic information
 Manage gridding resolution (for example, horizontal and vertical layering
and tartan gridding)
 Manage complex fault geometry, like synthetic and antithetic faults, using
the stair-step method

Introduction to
4  Creating facies model
Reservoir Property
— SIS
Modeling using
GOCAD  Creating porosity and permeability models
— SGS
 Computing volumetrics
 Post processing multiple realizations
— Compute summary statistics
— Compute threshold probability
— Compute 2D maps
 Analyze connectivity for one realization

32 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 6 1 .

Advanced Structural Modeling using GOCAD


Kine3D-1 . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Introduction to GOCAD® for Building Geologic Models

Who should attend? Geologists specializing in the structural modeling of complex structures.

Modules  GOCAD 3D, Map, Cross Section and Well Viewer


 Kine3D®-1

Objectives 1

Learn to use the functionalities of Kine3D®-1 as a complement to the Structural


Framework Builder in order to build robust structural models.
Introduce restoration concepts to ensure that the structural model created is
coherent with region deformation hypothesis and can be balanced. Learn how
to use new input data coming directly from geologist measures (dip data) and
interpretation (geologist cross-section and map drawings) so as to constrain
fault and horizon construction.

Contents 2

 Introduction to the restoration and its applications


 Importing specific input data to Kine3D-1
— DEM object
— Dip data
— Map and cross-section pictures (relocation in 3D space)
 Building complex structures with reverse faults
 Building intermediate horizons compatible with flexural slip deformation
mode
 Quality control of the structural model
— Isopach thickness maps
— Wulff Diagrams
— Strain Analysis

2014 Training Catalog Interpretation and Modeling 33


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 7 1 .

Introduction to GOCAD for Interpreters . .

Details
Duration 4 days

Prerequisites Experience in Seismic Interpretation modules

Who should attend? This course is designed for geophysicists who are already familiar with seismic
interpretation and with velocity modeling to perform time/depth conversions and who
would like to quickly understand how to apply these concepts using GOCAD®.

Modules  GOCAD 3D, Map, Cross Section and Well Viewer


 Velocity Modeling, Volume Interpretation
 Structural Framework Builder
 Stratigraphic Modeling & Fault Analysis

Objectives 1

This course covers four topics that provide a comprehensive introduction to


GOCAD:
 GOCAD Fundamentals (1 day)
Obtain a complete overview of the basic functionalities of GOCAD. This
introductory course is the foundation for all other GOCAD training and is
essential if the student wants to attend any other modular training. Progress
through a series of comprehensive exercises designed to provide an
opportunity to use GOCAD tools to perform data import, display editing,
analytic analysis, and data cleaning.
 Introduction to Structural Framework Builder using GOCAD (1 day)
Learn how to create a subsurface model from horizon and fault
interpretations in the Structural Framework Builder workflow.
 Seismic Interpretation using GOCAD (1 day)
Focus on the visualization of seismic volumes, quality control of the
structural model, and computation of geophysical attributes.
 Velocity Modeling using GOCAD (1 day)
Gain a global overview of the Velocity Modeling and Time/Depth Conversion
tools available in the GOCAD Suite. Progress through a series of
comprehensive exercises that provide the tools to build and calibrate a
velocity model. Learn how to convert interpretation data from time to the
depth domain using that velocity cube.
Continued on next page...

34 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Contents 2

GOCAD
1  Introduction to GOCAD
Fundamentals  Importing Data and Saving Project
— Seismic Cube
— Cultural Data
— Horizon Interpretations
— Fault Interpretations
— Well Path, Markers and Logs
 Visualizing Objects in the 3D Viewer
 Preparing Data for Modeling
— Static and Dynamic Regions
— Property Scripts and Facies Calculator
— Geologic Features
— Stratigraphic Column
— Property Settings
 Analyzing Property Statistics
— Histograms
— Cross-Plots
 Checking Quality of Data in 3D and 2D
— Maps
— Cross-sections

Introduction to
2  Manage fault and horizon data
Structural  Define volume of interest
Framework Builder
using GOCAD  Model faults and horizon surfaces
— Create surfaces from interpretation data
— Edit contacts
— Fit to well markers
 Quality control the model

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Interpretation and Modeling 35


Paradigm®

Seismic
3  Visualizing seismic properties in probes
Interpretation using — Probe creation
GOCAD
— Multi-property visualization
 Dicing and slicing through seismic cube
— QC interpretation
— Update fault modeling
— Arbitrary volume
 Creating structural model from interpretation
— Horizon and fault extractions
— QC modeling by seismic
 Computing geophysical attributes

Velocity Modeling
4  Reviewing Velocity Modeling Workflow
using GOCAD
— From seismic data
— From interval velocities
— Calibration
— Time Depth Conversion
 Importing and QC seismic data
— SEGY seismic cube
— Checkshot data
 Building velocity models
— Data reconciliation
— Error analysis and handling
 Depth conversion

36 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 8 1 .

SKUA Fundamentals . .

Details
Duration 1 day

Prerequisites None

Who should attend? Geophysicists, Geologists, and Reservoir Engineers

Modules GOCAD 3D, Map, Cross Section and Well Viewer

Objectives 1

Obtain a complete overview of the basic functionalities of SKUA® in Rock &


Fluid Canvas 2009. This introductory course is the foundation for all other
SKUA training and is an essential prerequisite for any other modular training.
Progress through a series of comprehensive exercises designed to provide the
student with an opportunity to use the SKUA Suite of tools to perform data
import, display editing, analytic analysis, and data cleaning.

Contents 2

 Introduction to SKUA
 Importing Data and Saving Project
— Seismic Cube
— Cultural Data
— Horizon Interpretations
— Fault Interpretations
— Well Path, Markers and Logs
 Visualizing Objects in the 3D Viewer

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Interpretation and Modeling 37


Paradigm®

 Preparing Data for Modeling


— Static and Dynamic Regions
— Property Scripts and Facies Calculator
— Geologic Features
— Stratigraphic Column
— Property Settings
 Analyzing Property Statistics
— Histograms
— Cross-Plots
 Checking Quality of Data in 3D and 2D
— Maps
— Cross-sections

38 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 9 1 .

Modeling Reservoir Architecture using SKUA . .

Details
Duration 3 days

Prerequisites  Background in geosciences


 SKUA® Fundamentals, experience in GOCAD®, or SKUA Base Module
Who should attend? Geophysicists, geologists, petrophysicists, and reservoir engineers interested in
using SKUA modeling technology to build structural models and reservoir grids
designed for property modeling and flow simulation.

Modules  SKUA 3D, Map, Cross Section and Well Viewer


 Structure and Stratigraphy
 Flow Simulation Grids
 Reservoir Properties*
 LGR and Upscaler*
*These workflows are used to provide a global overview. They are not part of the
learning objectives and are not explained in detail.

Objectives 1

Modeling Reservoir Architecture is a three-day course designed for geophysi-


cists, geologists, petrophysicists, and reservoir engineers interested in using 3D
modeling technology to model reservoirs.
In this course the student progresses through a series of comprehensive
exercises and case studies designed to use tools in SKUA - Paradigm 2011
that will help build 3D reservoir models.

This course covers the following topics:


 Introduction to SKUA® technology
 Defining the geologic information for reservoir modeling
 Building a geologic grid architecture
 Building a flow simulation grid architecture

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Interpretation and Modeling 39


Paradigm®

Contents 2

 SKUA Quick Start


— Building a Structural Model
— Building a Geologic Grid and Property Modeling
— Building a Flow Simulation Grid
— Upscaling Properties to the Flow Simulation Grid
 Structure and Stratigraphy Modeling
— Preparing the Data and Defining the Volume of Interest
— Modeling the Fault Network
— Modeling Horizons
— Honoring Well Data and Checking the Structural Model
— Modeling the Geologic Grid
 Flow Simulation Grid Modeling
— About Flow Simulation Grid Geometry
— Building a Flow Simulation Grid and Editing the Cell Alignment
— Creating a Non-Uniform Gridding using Tartan
 Garfield Case Study
— Preparing the data
— Building the Structural Model
— Checking Well Stratigraphy
— Updating the Structural Model and Building the Geologic Grid and the
flow Simulation Grid

40 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 0 2 .

Prospect Generation Workflow . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Working knowledge of at least one of the products covered in the course:
Stratimagic®, VoxelGeo®, SeisEarth® XV

Who should attend? Intermediate to Advanced users of ParadigmTM interpretation software

Applications 3D Canvas, BaseMap, VoxelGeo, and Stratimagic

Objectives 1

This fast-paced two-day course follows an interpretation workflow which


integrates several different Epos 4.0 Rollup 3 Paradigm products. The purpose
of the course is to teach intermediate to advanced users of Paradigm
interpretation products how to integrate multiple Paradigm products in a best-
practices workflow to accomplish interpretation goals.
The workflow starts with data reconnaissance and structural framework
interpretation using 3D Canvas and BaseMap, followed by prospect area
visualization and mapping in VoxelGeo, and finally generating a seismic facies
map at the prospect using Stratimagic.
The results are then compiled and examined in 3D Canvas.

Contents 2

Specific topics covered in this course include:


 Getting Started:
— Opening the Project
— Examining the Data in 3D Canvas

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Interpretation and Modeling 41


Paradigm®

 Interpreting Faults and Horizons in SeisEarth


— Picking faults in 3D Canvas
Using manual fault picking tools
Adding multi-directional picks
Creating a fault T-surface
Using FaultTrak
— Picking horizons in 3D Canvas
Using the 3D Propagator
Editing the propagation results
— Creating horizon attribute maps in BaseMap
 Examining Prospects in VoxelGeo
— Visually isolating prospects using Subvolume Detection and opacity
— Examining attribute information at the targets using the Volume
Crossplot
 Performing Facies Analysis in Stratimagic
— Use Neural Network Technology (NNT) to classify the seismic facies

42 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 1 2 .

Introduction to StratEarth for Well Correlation . .

Details
Duration 3 days

Prerequisites None. Being familiar with the Epos® environment is recommended.

Who should attend? This course is designed for geophysicists, geologists, subsurface modelers, and
reservoir engineers who are interested in using StratEarth® for creating 2D views
(cross-sections and well sections) and performing well correlation.

Applications StratEarth and BaseMap

Objectives 1

Learn to create 2D views (cross-sections and well sections) and perform well
correlation in StratEarth 2011.3.
After an overview of StratEarth basic functionalities, progress through a series
of comprehensive exercises designed to provide the opportunity to use
StratEarth to design a well layout template, interpret markers and correlate the
interpretation from wells to wells. The course reviews the management of 2D
views in the time migrated domains and print functionalities.

Contents 2

 Overview of StratEarth
— Introduction to StratEarth and Epos
— Preparing Working Environment and Reviewing Project Configuration
— Getting Started with StratEarth
— Reviewing Correlation in a Well Section
— Working with a CrossSection
 Preparing a Generic Template for Correlation
— Analyzing Log Data and Preparing Template on a Reference Well
— Preparing a Generic Template for Displaying Wells
— Correlating the Neutron Log
— Editing Log Display Units
Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Interpretation and Modeling 43


Paradigm®

 Interpreting and Correlating Wells


— Managing Well Stratigraphic Interpretations in StratEarth
— Interpreting Major Horizons
— Interpreting Stratigraphic Sub-Units
— Showing the Global Geologic Time Scale in the Well Section
 Correlating Interpretation from Well to Well
— Preparing Well Section View
— Correlating Horizons between the Wells
— Correcting Correlation
— Managing Missing Markers
— Saving Correlation
 Checking Correlation in the Time Migrated Domain
— Checking Correlation in the Time Migrated Well Section
— Checking Correlation in the Time Migrated CrossSection
— Editing Structural Interpretation
 Saving Hard Copies
— Adding Legends and Comments
— Editing CrossSection Headers and Axes
— Saving the CrossSection View as a Graphic File
— Printing CrossSection View

44 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 2 2 .

Interpreting and Modeling Salt in 3D Canvas . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Prior experience with 3D Canvas is recommended.

Who should attend? Geoscientists or users familiar with SeisEarth® who are interpreting and modeling
salt bodies.

Applications SeisEarth, VoxelGeo®

Objectives 1

The Interpreting and Modeling Salt course covers several methods for
interpreting and modeling salt bodies using depth migrated volumes and/or
velocity volumes as part of a salt flood/sediment flood workflow. Salt and
sediment flood workflows are usually performed to generate a depth migrated
volume which can be used for structural interpretation in salt regions. In this
course students interpret and model salt using two different datasets and
generate velocity volumes which include the salt interpretation. These velocity
volumes can then be used to generate a final depth volume using wave
migration (wave migration is not covered in this course).
The course primarily focuses on the 3D Canvas application from Paradigm™
Rock & Fluid Canvas™ 2009 | Epos® 4.0. It covers a variety of techniques to
interpret salt, create solid and geologic models, and update sediment velocity
volumes to include the salt body and velocity. Students also learn how to
generate a new velocity volume using constant velocities. Additional techniques
for interpreting salt using Paradigm VoxelGeo are also covered in less detail.

Contents 2

 Interpreting the top and base of salt using tools in 3D Canvas


 Creating a solid model
 Updating velocity volumes and generating new velocity volumes using your
solid model in 3D Canvas
 Interpreting salt from velocity volumes in 3D Canvas and VoxelGeo
 Using optical voxel stacking in VoxelGeo to aid salt interpretation

2014 Training Catalog Interpretation and Modeling 45


Paradigm®

Interpretation and Modeling 3 2 .

Interpreting and Modeling Salt in 3D Canvas


and SKUA . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Prior experience with 3D Canvas and/or SKUA® is recommended.

Who should attend? Geoscientists or users with access to SKUA and 3D Canvas who are interpreting
and modeling salt bodies.

Applications SeisEarth® and SKUA

Objectives 1

The Interpreting and Modeling Salt course covers several methods for
interpreting and modeling salt bodies using depth migrated volumes and/or
velocity volumes as part of a salt flood/sediment flood workflow. Salt and
sediment flood workflows are usually performed to generate a depth migrated
volume which can be used for structural interpretation in salt regions. In this
course students interpret and model salt using two different datasets and
generate velocity volumes which include the salt interpretation. These velocity
volumes can then be used to generate a final depth volume using wave
migration (wave migration is not covered in this course).
The course integrates SKUA and SeisEarthXV from Paradigm™ Rock & Fluid
Canvas™ 2009 | Epos® 4.0 and covers a variety of techniques to interpret salt,
create geologic models, and update sediment velocity volumes to include the
salt body and velocity.

Contents 2

 Interpreting the top and base of salt using tools in 3D Canvas


 Creating and editing T-Surfaces in 3D Canvas
 Surface editing in SKUA
 Using SKUA to create a geologic model from your Epos interpretation and
generate a velocity volume
 Interpreting salt from velocity volumes in SKUA

46 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Processing & Imaging 4 2 .

Echos 1.0 Basics . .

Details
Duration 3-4 days

Prerequisites None

Who should attend? Experienced seismic data processors, new Echos users

Applications Echos™ 1.0

Objectives 1

Learn about the interactive and processing approaches to using Paradigm™


Rock & Fluid Canvas™ 2009 | Epos® 4.0 Echos 1.0, and the wide range of
modules available in Echos. Echos is a workstation-based processing system
that combines interactive and batch, pre-stack and post-stack processing in one
unified, windows-based system.

Contents 2

 Getting Started in Echos 1.0


 Epos Data Management
 Echos Orientation and Data I/O
 Land Geometry
 Marine Geometry
 View Data and Interactive Job Building
 Amplitude Corrections/Signal Processing
 Signal Enhancement/Noise Elimination
 Picking First Breaks and Static Solutions
 Floating Datum Processing
 Velocity Analysis
 ETA Analysis
 Residual Statics
 Data Regularization, DMO and Post-Stack Processing
 Migrations

2014 Training Catalog Processing & Imaging 47


Paradigm®

Processing & Imaging 5 2 .

Introduction to Echos 2011.2 . .

Details
Duration 3 - 4 days

Prerequisites None

Who should attend? Experienced seismic data processors, new Echos users

Applications Echos 2011.2

Objectives 1

Learn about the interactive and processing approaches to using Paradigm™


Echos 2011.2, and the wide range of modules available in Echos™. Echos is a
workstation-based processing system that combines interactive and batch, pre-
stack and post-stack processing in one unified, windows-based system.

Contents 2

 Getting Started in Echos 2011.2


 Epos Data Management
 Echos Orientation and Data I/O
 Land Geometry
 Marine Geometry
 View Data and Interactive Job Building
 Amplitude Corrections/Signal Processing
 Signal Enhancement/Noise Elimination
 Picking First Breaks and Static Solutions
 Floating Datum Processing
 Velocity Analysis
 ETA Analysis
 Residual Statics
 Data Regularization, DMO and Post-Stack Processing
 Migrations

48 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Processing & Imaging 6 2 .

GeoDepth 3D Basics . .

Details
Duration 5 days

Prerequisites Some familiarity with ParadigmTM products

Who should attend? New GeoDepth® users, Geophysicists

Applications GeoDepth 3D - Velocity Navigator, Earth Domain Imaging Migrations (3D Kirchhoff
PSTM, 3D Kirchhoff PSDM), 3D Canvas, FastVelTM, Constrained Velocity Inversion

Objectives 1

Introduces new applications in GeoDepth v9.0 in Paradigm’s Rock & Fluid


Canvas TM 2009 | Epos ® 4.0 release. Guides students through recommended
basic time-to-depth velocity analysis workflows, using GeoDepth, and time and
depth migrations. Teaches two alternatives for building the initial model, an
interval velocity driven time migrated model-based workflow, and a layer-based
model building workflow. This is followed by a section describing a depth model
refinement workflow. Each workflow has a detailed step-by-step description,
including operational information about each application, as well as theoretical
considerations and practical hints regarding each step.

Contents 2

 Introduction, Setup, Data Loading and QC (1 day)


— 3D survey setup and QC
— Seismic and velocity data loading and data QC
— Interpretation data loading and QC
— Preparation of velocity data
 Initial Velocity Model Building Workflows (1.5 days)
Workflow 1: Initial time migrated interval velocity model creation using
Constrained Velocity Inversion (CVI)
— Creating an initial interval velocity volume with CVI
— Target line 3D Pre-Stack Curved Rays time migration
— Residual velocity analysis and model update with FastVel and CVI
Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Processing & Imaging 49


Paradigm®

Workflow 2: Horizon-based initial depth velocity model building


— Preparation for horizon-based model building
— DIx conversion and Map Migration
 3D Pre-Stack Depth Migration and Depth Model Refinement (1.5 days)
— Velocity volume creation
— 3D pre-stack depth migration
— Depth domain residual velocity analysis
— Updating the velocity model with Horizon Based tomography
 New Features (1 day)
— 3D Kirchhoff Travel Time Computation
— Creating Structural Attributes
— Automatic Image Picking
— Extracting Pencils
— Preparing for Anisotropic 3D Grid Tomography
— Anisotropic 3D Grid Tomography

50 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Processing & Imaging 7 2 .

Introduction to GeoDepth 3D . .

Details
Duration 4 days is recommended

Prerequisites Some familiarity with ParadigmTM products

Who should attend? New GeoDepth® users, Geophysicists

Applications GeoDepth 3D - Velocity Navigator, Earth Domain Imaging Migrations (3D Kirchhoff
PSTM, 3D Kirchhoff PSDM), 3D Canvas, FastVelTM, Constrained Velocity Inversion

Objectives 1

This training course is designed to introduce new and existing users to the
working environment and applications in GeoDepth in the Paradigm 2011
release. The course guides the student through Paradigm’s recommended
basic time to depth velocity analysis workflows, using GeoDepth and time and
depth migrations.
Two alternatives for building the initial model are taught: An interval velocity
driven time migrated model-based workflow, and a layer based model building
workflow. This is followed by a section describing a depth model refinement
workflow. The course offers detailed exercises for each workflow, including
operational information about each application, as well as theoretical
considerations and practical hints regarding each step. The course maintains a
realistic production-oriented approach, and emphasizes correct practices (for
example correct setup, QC of results after each stage, etc.).

Contents 2

 Introduction, Setup, Data Loading and QC (1 day)


— Launching Paradigm 2011
— Session Manager Overview
— 3D Survey Setup and QC, Seismic and Velocity Data Loading
— Seismic and Velocity Data QC
— Loading and QC of Interpretation Data
— Preparation of velocity data
Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Processing & Imaging 51


Paradigm®

 Initial Velocity Model Building Workflows (1.5 days)


— Initial Time Migrated Interval Velocity Volume Creation with Constrained
Velocity Inversion
— Target Line Curved Rays 3D Pre-stack Time Migration
— Automatic Residual Velocity Analysis (FastVel)
— Velocity Volume Update with CVI
— Horizon Interpretation Depth Scaling
— Preparation for Horizon-Based Velocity Model Building
— DIX Conversion and Map Migration
 3D Pre-Stack Depth Migration and Velocity Model Refinement (1.5 days)
— Prepare for Pre-stack Depth Migration
— Target Line 3D Pre-stack Depth Migration
— Depth Domain Residual Velocity Analysis
— Velocity/Depth Model Update with Horizon Based Tomography
— Final Depth Migration
— Example workflows

52 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Processing & Imaging 8 2 .

FastVel: Automatic Residual Velocity Analysis . .

Details
Duration 1 day

Prerequisites Some familiarity with ParadigmTM products, particularly Probe®

Who should attend? Probe and GeoDepth® users, Geophysicists

Applications FastVel

Objectives 1

Learn to set parameters in FastVelTM to obtain optimal results. FastVel’s


Automatic Residual Velocity Analysis Interactive window (Epos® 3 Third
Edition) performs residual velocity analysis automatically using both standard
NMO correction and 4th order NMO correction. This is performed interactively
for selected gathers and it has display features that enable detailed QC.

Contents 2

 Overview of Residual Moveout Correction in 2nd and 4th order


 Getting started
 Performing automatic residual velocity analysis
— Launching FastVel, setting the window display, and setting parameters
— Analyzing the performance by viewing several gathers
— Running the analysis in batch mode
— Stacking the data with a new velocity filed and comparing it
— Filtering the residual velocity field
— Refining parameters
 Performing automatic residual moveout analysis in depth
 FastVel on original time gathers
 Automatic residual moveout correction in 2nd and 4th order
 Technical information

2014 Training Catalog Processing & Imaging 53


Paradigm®

Processing & Imaging 9 2 .

3D Grid Tomography . .

Details
Duration 3 days

Prerequisites GeoDepth® 3D Basics course (suggested)

Who should attend? GeoDepth® users, Geophysicists

Applications GeoDepth 3D, 3D Tomography, Tomography Facilitator, FastVel

Objectives 1

Learn how to perform velocity model updating with the latest 3D Grid
Tomography tools available in Paradigm 2011. Students should have
experience with seismic data processing and interpretation and prior knowledge
of GeoDepth applications.

Contents 2

 Launching GeoDepth 3D and reviewing input data


 Creating and QCing Structural Attribute Volumes
 Creating and QCing Automatic Image Picks
 Creating and QCing Pencils
— Creating and QCing Pencils
— Testing Pencil Creation
— Creating Pencils for Tomography
 Preparing for Tomography
— Interactive Ray Tracing
— Performing RMO Auto-Picking and QC
— Creating a Formation Volume
 Running 3D Grid Tomography
— Performing 3D Grid Tomography
— QCing Tomography Results
Continued on next page...

54 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

 3D Grid Tomography on your own


— Structural Attribute Volume Creation & QC
— Automatic Image Picking and QC
— Pencil Creation and QC
— Preparing for Tomography
— Building the Tomography Matrix
— Solving the Tomography Matrix
— QCing the Tomography Results

2014 Training Catalog Processing & Imaging 55


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 0 3 .

Geolog Basics . .

Details
Duration 3 days

Prerequisites None

Who should attend? All Geolog® users, specifically new users

Applications Connect, Well, Project, Section, Artist

Objectives 1

Learn the general basics of Geolog 6.7 or Geolog 6.7.1 primary


applications, with hands-on exercises that illustrate most of their features
and functions.

Contents 2

 Geolog 6.7 Basics/Geolog 6.7.1 Basics: Provides a general grounding in


the primary Geolog applications. Students learn how to start Geolog, open
Geolog applications and document views within the applications, use the
menus, tool bars and other functions common throughout Geolog, and
manage their working projects.
 Connect: Guides students through loading and unloading data using
different file formats, and various file transfers such as project to project.
 Well: Students learn the basics of using the Well application by being
guided through a typical workflow and procedures so that they become
familiar with Geolog's Well interface, and the various track types used in a
layout. Participants learn how to create their own layout, view and modify
well data in text (table) format using Well's Text tool, view and modify well
data using the graphical interface, and generate and modify data using a
series of utilities designed for specific tasks.
 Section: Learn detailed procedures for displaying vertical and deviated
wells, interactive correlation picking, and applying geologic drawing tools
and line styles to cross-sections.

Continued on next page...

56 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

 Project: Learn the basics of the program by being introduced to Geolog's


Project interface. Students learn how to prepare the data for processing in
the current working session, become familiar with mapsheets (basemaps),
format mapsheet displays, insert and edit objects on a mapsheet, use
mapping tools to display data in various formats, plot their map to a file or
plotter/printer, view and search all, or a subset of, the data in their project
using the Catalog, modify project data using the Catalog tools, and quickly
and easily locate the same data in different document views.
 Artist: Students learn how to open new and edit existing pictures, display
and position graphic objects, use variable and static text to create a header
for use in Geolog layouts, and create a display montage for use at their site.
This course is designed for new users of the Artist application.

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 57


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 1 3 .

Fundamentals of Geolog for Log Analysis and


Well Correlation . .

Details
Duration 3 days

Prerequisites Background in geology, petrophysics, or well log analysis.

Who should attend? All Geolog® users, specifically new users

Applications Connect, Well, Project, Section, Artist

Objectives 1

Learn the general basics of Geolog 6.7 or Geolog 6.7.1 primary applications,
with hands-on exercises that illustrate most of their features and functions.The
course covers these topics:
 Managing working projects
 Loading and unloading data
 Managing Geolog applications
 Opening, formatting, and saving document views
 Using menus, tool bars, and other functions common throughout Geolog
 Displaying, browsing, interpreting, and modifying data
This course is for new users and is not intended to be a comprehensive course
covering the full functionality of Geolog. The objective is to teach the basics of
using Geolog prior to a student’s use of more advanced modules.

Contents 2

 Geolog overview
— Introduction to Geolog
— Getting started with Geolog
— Visualizing data in map view
— Visualizing data in wells
— Using the Online Help
Continued on next page...

58 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

 Creating a new project and loading data


— About the Geolog environment
— Creating a new project
— About data loading
— Loading LIS/LAS/Flat ASCII/Geolog ASCII format data files
— Transferring data between projects
— Copying data from XLS format file
 Displaying and formatting well data in a layout
— Creating and preparing a new layout
— Displaying data in tracks
— Formatting the layout
— Controlling data display
 Interpreting and editing data
— Interpreting and editing data graphically in a layout view
— Interpreting and editing data with the module launcher
— Interpreting and editing geologic surfaces in SECTION
 Reviewing and exporting data
— Checking wells in Mapsheet
— Creating a montage with formatted document views
— Unloading data

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 59


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 2 3 .

Fundamentals of Geolog for Log Analysis . .

Details
Duration 3 days

Prerequisites Background in geology, petrophysics, or well log analysis.

Who should attend? All Geolog® users, specifically new users

Applications Connect, Well, Project, Section, Artist

Objectives 1

Learn the general basics of Geolog 7 or Geolog 7.1 primary applications, with
hands-on exercises that illustrate most of their features and functions.The
course covers:
 Managing working projects
 Loading and exporting data
 Managing Geolog applications
 Opening, formatting, and saving document views
 Using menus, tool bars, and other functions common throughout Geolog
 Displaying, browsing, interpreting, and modifying data
This course is designed for geologists, petrophysicists, or other technical
personnel interested in using the ParadigmTM Geolog product suite for well data
management, petrophysical analysis, and geological interpretation. It is for new
users and is not intended to be a comprehensive course covering the full
functionality of Geolog. The objective is to teach the basics of using Geolog
prior to a student’s use of more advanced modules.

Contents 2

 Geolog overview
— Introduction to Geolog and getting started
— Visualizing data in Map View
— Visualizing data in wells
— Customizing your workspace and creating custom menus
— Using the Online Help

60 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Continued on next page...


 Creating a new project and loading data
— About the Geolog environment
— Creating a new project
— About data loading
— Loading LIS/LAS/Flat ASCII/Geolog ASCII format data files
— Transferring data between projects
— Copying data from XLS format file
 Displaying and formatting well data in a layout
— Creating and preparing a new layout
— Displaying data in tracks
— Formatting the layout
— Controlling data display
 Interpreting and editing data
— Using QC tools in Project
— Copying project files between locations
— Interpreting and editing data graphically in a Layout View
— Interpreting and editing data with the Module Launcher
 Reviewing and exporting Data
— Checking wells in Mapsheet
— Creating a montage with formatted Document Views
— Exporting data

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 61


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 3 3 .

Geomage: Image Analysis Toolkit for Geolog


6.7 . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites A working knowledge of Geolog®

Who should attend? Geoscientists interested in using, processing, or enhancing wellbore images, all
Geolog users, new users of Geomage

Applications Geomage

Objectives 1

Learn to use Geomage which is an advanced analysis tool kit allowing users to
process, enhance, and analyze vendor specific image tools and logs. The
software supports virtually all currently available tools. Individual modules allow
the user to create image logs in a standardized image format; apply speed
corrections to raw image logs; perform image log enhancement techniques; run
programs for dip/bed boundaries analysis, texture analysis - that may include
Facimage, and fracture analysis.

Contents 2

 Geomage overview
 Loading well data
 Displaying image logs in layout
 Data quality check
 Speed correction
 Image generation
 Image processing
 Dip computation
 Automatic texture detection (Auto Texture)
 Automatic detection of fractures (Auto Fractures)
 Image utilities
 Borehole imaging tools

62 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 4 3 .

Correlation . .

Details
Duration 1 day

Prerequisites A good working knowledge of Geolog 7 and proficiency in using Geolog’s Well and
Project applications.

Who should attend? Geologists, Geophysicists, and Petrophysicists

Applications Well and Project

Objectives 1

Acquire the skills necessary to perform interactive correlation picking using the
Correlator in Geolog 7. This course guides students through the process
required to enable this to happen; creating a Project well, loading and modifying
an existing Project well, creating and editing stratigraphic interpretation
schemes, and adding interpreted geological surfaces.

Contents 2

 Creating a Project Well


 Loading a Project Well
— Deleting Previously Created WELL_PROJECT, Loading Supplied
WELL_PROJECT, Editing the loaded Project Well, Using the Scheme
Editing Tools, Manipulating Bodies, Grabbing Bodies
 Correlation View
— Defining Wells in a Correlation View, Setting the Vertical Scale, Creating
Layouts, Setting the Display Range
 Working with Correlator
— Inserting Surface Picks, Inserting Interval Picks, Removing Picks,
Inserting Picks Using Ghosting, Editing Picks Graphically, Stratigraphic
Cross-Section (Flattening) Interwell Space
 Additional Exercises
— Creating a Section Line in Mapsheet
— Calculating TVD/TVT/TST
 Correlating a Highly Deviated Well

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 63


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 5 3 .

Determin . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites A working knowledge of the Geolog® software, and of basic Petrophysics

Who should attend? Geologists, Petrophysicists

Applications Well and Loglan

Objectives 1

Learn how Geolog 7 can be used as a tool for performing advanced


deterministic petrophysical well evaluations. Determin is a comprehensive suite
of individual deterministic modules that allow the analyst to apply all the major
modern petrophysical models in the traditional analysis methodology. All
common techniques for shale/clay volumes, porosity, saturation and lithology
determination are included. Interactive parameter picking and multi-zone/multi-
well analysis provide a rapid workflow for the formation evaluation. Students are
also introduced to Loglan, the Geolog programming tool.

Contents 2

 Determin Overview
 Using the Evaluate module
 Geolog’s Frequency (Histogram) View
 Geolog's Xplot View
 The different types of Xplot functions supplied with Geolog
 Deterministic Petrophysics
 Petrophysics Philosophy
 Parameter Picking
 Analysis
 Multiwell Analysis
 Create a new Loglan Program (Geolog's programming tool)

64 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 6 3 .

Full Sonic Wave Processing (SWP)- Geolog


6.7.1 . .

Details
Duration 1 day

Prerequisites Experience with basic Geolog functionality and module processing

Who should attend? Geophysicists, Petrophysicists

Applications Well

Objectives 1

This is an advanced class intended for Geoscientists concerned with processing


and interpretation of acoustic waveforms in Geolog. At the end of this course
students should be able to:
 Review waveform data provided by vendor for preparation and proper
processing
 Process and review filtered waveforms
 Perform semblance processing with automatic label picking of sonic logs
 Process dispersion corrections
 Process travel time and mechanical properties

Contents 2

 Well Data review


— Acoustic Waveform Processing Workflow
 Data Preparation
— Waveform Packing
— Creating Specification Files
— Load Specification File
— Viewing Acoustic Waveform Data in Array Sonic View
— Waveform Unpacking
— Loading Start Time
Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 65


Paradigm®

— Remove Bad Receivers


— Reverse Receiver Orders
— Create Other Attributes
— Log Checklist
 Pre-Processing
— Frequency filter
— Time-Average filter
— Depth-Average filter
— F-K Filter
 Slowness Processing
— Semblance processing
— Semblance display
 Post Processing
— Dispersion Correction
— Travel Time
— Array Sonic Re-Processing
— Mechanical Properties

66 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 7 3 .

Geophysics Basics . .

Details
Duration 1 day

Prerequisites A good working knowledge of Geolog®6 and a good understanding of log


manipulation and interrogation are required.
This is the first part of the Geophysics training manual set and should be completed
before the Geophysics Gassmann Workflow course.

Who should attend? Geophysicists, Geoscientists

Applications Well

Objectives 1

Learn how to generate a synthetic seismic trace. The various modules and their
capabilities are studied in a logical series of steps, which the geoscientist uses
to create the synthetic. The Geolog6 tools for performing wellties, applying
filters, making synthetic seismic traces, creating AVO synthetic, displaying
results and other geophysical utilities will be examined in this introductory
course.

Contents 2

 Overview
 Data Preparation
 Methods of generating a WellTie
 Creating a Seismic Toe
 Filters - design and application
 Synthetic Module
 Generating an AVO synthetic
 Model well
 Pore Pressure
 Extending the wire set to match the checkshot set
 Depth to time conversion
Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 67


Paradigm®

 Synthetics for a vertical well


 TVD synthetics for a deviated well
 Sources of errors in well to seismic ties

68 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 8 3 .

Gassmann Workflow . .

Details
Duration 1 day

Prerequisites Intro to Geolog®6, Geophysics Basics

Who should attend? Geophysicists

Applications Well

Objectives 1

Follow numerous empirical rock relationships and theoretical rock models in a


workflow to derive and evaluate the measured results for the Gassmann fluid
substitution, as the Gassmann fluid substitution depends heavily on correct rock
property measurements.
The theoretic rock models include effective medium models and contact
models, which predict the physical behavior and trends of the rock. The
theoretic models are guidelines in evaluating and estimating the rock properties.
The empirical relationships in Geolog includes the most commonly used
velocity-porosity and density-porosity models. All necessary input required by
the Gassmann equations can be derived or evaluated from the above models/
relationships.
The two Gassmann models in Geolog include the clean sand and shaly sand
models. The former assumes the rock constituents are mainly sand, whereas
the latter assumes a fairly big amount of shale contents. The clean sand model
can be used for mixed mineralogy by using an effective average modulus of
rock matrix mixture.

Contents 2

 Overview
 Data preparation
 Fluid properties
 Empirical relations
 Solid grain properties

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 69


Paradigm®

 In-situ rock properties


 Effective medium models
 Contact models
 Krief's Relation and critical porosity model
 Gassmann model
 Bounds

70 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 9 3 .

Multimin . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites To gain the most from this training course, the following prerequisites are required:
 A working knowledge of the Geolog® system and its conventions, the methods to
import data into the software, and the way data is stored.
 A working knowledge of the methods used in Geolog to perform basic
preparation tasks for petrophysical data including:
— depth-matching, editing and despiking for petrophysical logs
— environmental corrections
— data displays
— crossplotting
 A general understanding of petrophysics, including the concept of response
equations for tools, and the methods used to calculate shale volumes, porosities
and water saturations. An appreciation of cation-exchange based methods for
water saturation determination would be beneficial, as would an understanding of
mineralogy effects on tool responses.
 Grounding is given in the ParadigmTM theoretical tutorial, "Probabilistic
Petrophysics - Optimizing Methods in Formation Evaluation". This tutorial is
based on the Multimin Technical Reference documentation. An understanding of
the detailed mathematics is helpful, but not essential.

Who should attend? Petroleum geologists, engineers, and petrophysicists

Applications Project and Well

Objectives 1

Provide the formation evaluation professional with an understanding of the


theoretical basis of the optimizing approach to petrophysical interpretation, a
good understanding of how to create models in Multimin, and how to run
optimizing evaluations within the Geolog 7 environment. Multimin is a software
program that provides advanced formation evaluation answers. The program is
based in the probabilistic, or optimizing, approach to modeling wireline and rock
data.

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 71


Paradigm®

Contents 2

 Introduction to Multimin and Data Preparation


 First Example - Multimin Analysis
 First Example - Alternative Interpretations
 Complex Example
 Verification Example
 Silt Procedure
 NIMBLE Example
 Carbonate Example
 Multimin Aliases

72 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 0 4 .

Introductory Loglan Programming . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Basic familiarity with the Geolog® environment

Who should attend? Geolog users and programmers

Objectives 1

Learn how to develop log processing modules to perform your own processing
algorithms on your Geolog data. These modules will be fully integrated into the
Geolog environment, and will function in exactly the same way as any other
module in Geolog 7. A number of exercises are included throughout to
demonstrate concepts and to allow you to check your progress.

Contents 2

 How to write a program


 Create a new program
 The Loglan environment
 Loglan program development interface
 The Module Launcher interface
 Loglan language syntax
 Arrays in Loglan
 Log constants
 External functions
 Module processing
 Creating a combined module
 Additional optional exercises
 Introduction to Macro Reader

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 73


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 1 4 .

Tcl Programming . .

Details
Duration 1 day

Prerequisites Basic familiarity with ParadigmTM products

Who should attend? Geolog users and programmers who wish to develop modules for log processing,
database access, information management and report generation.

Objectives 1

Learn how to create applications that complement the functionality of Geolog.


This course is designed to teach you to develop your own modules for log
processing, database access, information management, and report generation
using Tcl instructions and the Geolog extensions to Tcl. These modules will be
fully integrated into the Geolog 7 environment and function in exactly the same
way as any other module in the Geolog environment.

Contents 2

 Introduction to Tcl programming language


 Creating your first Tcl program
 Understanding the basics
 Expressions and numbers
 Flow control
 String manipulation
 Procedures
 Input and Output
 Error handling
 Putting it all together
 Geolog extensions
 Making your own library
 Using Geolog’s interpreters
 Building a Geolog module
 Geolog database command language

74 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 2 4 .

Geolog for Petrophysicists . .

Details
Duration 4 days

Prerequisites None

Who should attend? Petrophysicists, Geologists, Geoscientists

Applications Well, Connect, Project, Artist, Loglan

Objectives 1

Gain a comprehensive overview of the general basics of the primary


applications, with hands-on exercises that illustrate most of their features and
functions. Students are then guided through the deterministic petrophysical
workflow and introduced to the Loglan programming language. This course is
designed for new users of the software.

Contents 2

 Geolog® Basics
Gain a general grounding in the primary Geolog applications. Learn to start
Geolog, open Geolog applications and document views within the
applications, use the menus, tool bars and other functions common
throughout Geolog, and manage their working projects.
 Connect
Go through loading and exporting data using different file formats and
various file transfers such as project to project.
 Well
Learn the basics of using the well application by being guided through a
typical workflow and procedures that familiarize the student with Geolog’s
Well interface and the various track types used in a layout. Participants
learn how to create their own layout, view and modify well data in text (table)
format using Well’s text view, view and modify well data using a graphical
interface and generate and modify data using a series of utilities (modules)
designed for specific tasks.

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 75


Paradigm®

 Project
Learn how to prepare the data for processing in the current working session,
become familiar with mapsheets (basemaps), format mapsheet displays,
use mapping tools to display data in various formats, view and search all, or
a subset of, the data in a project using the Well Catalogue view.
 Determin
Learn how Geolog can be used as a tool for performing deterministic
petrophysical well evaluations. All common techniques for shale/clay
volumes, porosity, saturation and lithology determination are included.
Interactive picking using crossplot and frequency plot and multi-zone/multi-
well analysis provide a rapid workflow for the formation evaluation.
 Loglan
Gain basic skills necessary for creating and running a Loglan module.
Loglan is a fully functional programming language which is written, compiled
and executed within Geolog. It allows users to develop their own modules to
perform log processing and many other applications.

76 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 3 4 .

Geolog for Geologists . .

Details
Duration 4 days

Prerequisites None

Who should attend? Geologists, Geoscientists

Applications Well, Connect, Project, Artist, Section

Objectives 1

Learn the general basics of the primary Geolog® for Geologists applications,
with hands-on exercises that illustrate most of their features and functions.
Students are exposed to the Section and Correlator applications, tools designed
for cross-section creation and interactive correlation picking. This course is
designed for new users of the software.

Contents 2

 Geolog Basics
Gain a general grounding in the primary geolog applications. Learn to start
Geolog, open Geolog applications and document views within the
applications, use the menus, tool bars and other functions common
throughout Geolog, and manage working projects.
 Connect
Load and export data using different file formats and various file transfers
such as project to project.
 Well
Gain an understanding of the basics of using the Well application by being
guided through a typical workflow and procedures in order to become
familiar with Geolog’s Well interface and the various track types used in a
layout. Learn how to create a customized layout, view and modify well data
in text (table) format using Well’s text view, view and modify well data using
a graphical interface and generate and modify data using a series of utilities
(modules) designed for specific tasks. Learn about the Wellpath view, TVD
calculation and the importance of this step for dip picking, Xplot view,
frequency plot view and multi-well log analysis.
Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 77


Paradigm®

 Project
Acquire the skills necessary to prepare the data for processing in the current
working session, become familiar with mapsheets (basemaps), format
mapsheet displays, use mapping tools to display data in various formats,
view and search all, or a subset of, the data in a project using the Well
Catalogue view.
 Artist
Learn how to open new and edit existing pictures, display and position
graphic objects, use variable and static text to create a header for use in
Geolog layouts and create new fill and marker patterns.
 Section
Gain an understanding of the procedures for displaying vertical and
deviated wells, interactive correlation picking and applying geological
drawing tools and line styles to cross sections.
 Correlator
Progress through the workflow for performing interactive correlation picking:
creating a Project well, loading and modifying an existing Project well,
creating and editing stratigraphic interpretation schemes, well partitioning on
horizontal wells, and adding interpreted geological surfaces.

78 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 4 4 .

Advanced Geolog . .

Details
Duration 5 days

Prerequisites Basic Geolog® knowledge

Who should attend? Experienced Geolog users

Applications Well, Loglan, Tcl

Objectives 1

Gain a comprehensive overview of Multimin (probabilistic, or optimizing,


petrophysical analysis) and Geolog programming using Loglan and Tcl.

Contents 2

 Multimin
Multimin is a software program that provides advanced formation evaluation
answers. The program is based on the probabilistic, or optimizing, approach
to modelling wireline and rock data. The formation evaluation professional
will gain an understanding of the theoretical basis of the optimizing
approach to petrophysical interpretation, a good understanding of how to
create models in Multimin and how to run optimizing evaluations within the
Geolog environment. Students will work through several exercises
highlighting different modelling challenges, such as bad hole, heavy
minerals and secondary porosity.
 Loglan
Loglan is a fully functional programming language which is written, compiled
and executed within Geolog. It allows users to develop their own modules,
easily accessible from Geolog’s Well or Project applications, to perform log
processing and many other applications. Learn the basics of the Loglan
programming language, how to develop a module using the language, and
how to run the module from within Well or Project.

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 79


Paradigm®

 Tcl Programming
Tcl, the Tool Command Language, is a platform independent easy-to-learn
scripting language that is an integral part of Geolog. Learn how to develop
programs using Tcl commands and Geolog extensions to create
applications that complement the functionality of Geolog.

80 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 5 4 .

Geolog Facimage . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Background in geosciences, some prior experience with Geolog® is recommended.

Who should attend? Geolog users, new Facimage users

Applications Facimage

Objectives 1

This course covers the Facimage functionality in Geolog 7. It introduces


Facimage methodology and provides hands-on experience with electrofacies
analysis and data modeling. It focuses on Facimage MRGC (Multi Resolution
Graph Based Clustering) and KNN (K-Nearest Neighbor) approach. This
method allows a simple, fast, and effective integration of all types of
petrophysical and geological information: conventional logs, array and image
logs, core measurement, and core description. This training course teaches you
how to:
 Identify and select Training Datasets for use with the application dataset.
 Analyze Training Datasets for coherence with the application dataset.
 Perform Facies propagation to create electrofacies.
 Perform log prediction: log reconstruction and core data prediction.
 Perform comparison among cluster models using various methods.

Contents 2

 Define Objectives
 Data Preparation
 Basic Workflow
— Create a Facimage Project
— Insert a Cluster Model
— Facies Propagation
 Features
Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 81


Paradigm®

 Training Data
 Comparing MRGC Electrofacies to a Lithology Log
 Similarity Modeling
 Log Prediction
 Electrofacies Ordering -CFSOM
 NMR T2 Electrofacies
 Synthetic Clustering

82 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 6 4 .

Geolog Laminated Shaly Sand Analysis . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites A working knowledge of the Geolog®6 software and of basic petrophysics.

Who should attend? Geologists and Petrophysicists

Applications Laminated Shaly Sand Analysis model in Geolog

Objectives 1

Gain the skills necessary to interpret log data from laminated shaly sand
sequences, where horizontal and vertical resistivity data is available. This
course uses the ParadigmTM implementation of the Baker Atlas Laminated
Shaly Sand Analysis model (LSSA) in Geolog. The first day covers tool and
interpretation theory. The second day is a practical hands-on session covering
interpretation technique and parameter picking.

Contents 2

 Theory
— Introduction - why measure Rv and Rh?
— Conventional techniques for interpreting thin beds
— Comparing different methods of obtaining Rv and Rh
— Data QC
— Introduction to tensor petrophysics
— The LSSA interpretation model
 Practical
— LSSA in Geolog
— Data requirements
— Data displays
— Parameter picking and checking

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 83


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 7 4 .

Probe: AVO Inversion & Analysis . .

Details
Duration 3 days

Prerequisites Basic familiarity with ParadigmTM products

Who should attend? New Probe® users, Geophysicists

Applications AVO Inversion & Analysis, Geometry View, Log based modeling and synthetic
calibration utility, Well Log window, Crossplot, VoxelGeo®

Objectives 1

Learn a basic AVO workflow (Epos® 3 Third Edition) using a synthetic dataset.
Gain an overview of the Probe application and its features.

Contents 2

 Introduction to Probe features and workflow


 AVO QC and data preparation
 Performing simplified AVO inversion
 Analyzing the well logs
 AVO inversion creating AVO attribute volumes
 Creating synthetic seismograms
 Crossplotting
 Viewing the crossplot results in VoxelGeo
 Technical Information- AVO Inversion principles

84 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 8 4 .

Integrated Reservoir Characterization


Workshop . .

Details
Duration 4 days, 5 days if includes optional data loading section

Prerequisites Basic familiarity with the Epos® well database and general functionality of the AVO
Inversion & Analysis window and/or Vanguard, and VoxelGeo.

Who should attend? Probe® and Vanguard® users, Geophysicists

Applications AVO Inversion & Analysis, FastVelTM, Well Log window, Vanguard, IFP Inversion,
and VoxelGeo®.

Objectives 1

Gain an overview of the ParadigmTM integrated reservoir characterization


workflow (Paradigm 2011.2) that incorporates geophysics, petrophysics, and
modeling.
Develop a comprehensive understanding of the theory and application of
Paradigm’s broad offerings in Reservoir Characterization. After this course,
students should be proficient in carrying out the workflow, from data conditioning
and petrophysics analysis, to reservoir property interpretation and modeling.
Participants also gain an understanding of the dependencies of different data
and technologies on the integrity of the reservoir characterization model.

Contents 2

 Creating a Project and Loading Data (Optional)


 Exercise 1: Log Generation and Analysis
— Generating Rock Physics Logs
— Analyzing Logs
— AVO Analysis using Synthetics
— Fluid Substitution

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 85


Paradigm®

 Exercise 2: Seismic Data Analysis and AVO Inversion


— Prestack Data QC
— Prestack Data Flattening – Interactive Mode
— Running AVO inversion
— Generating Residual RMS Volume
— Running Constrained Velocity Inversion (CVI)
— AVO Inversion
 Exercise 3: AVO Attributes (Angle Stack) Interpretation using Crossplot
— Angle Stack Crossplot
— Color-Coding the Crossplot
— Visualizing the Prospects in D
— Crossplot AVO Attribute Maps
— Validating the AVO Prospects with Pre-stack Data
 Exercise 4: Well to Seismic Calibration
— Synthetic Generation and Calibration
— Time to Depth Calibration
— Wavelet Analysis of Angle Stacks
 Exercise 5: Background Model Building for Inversion
— Smoothing Logs
— Structure Map QC and Evaluation
— Geostatistical Volume Creation
 Exercise 6: Simultaneous Inversion & QC
— Simultaneous Inversion
— Inversion Result QC
 Exercise 7: Derivative Attribute Generation
— Generating a Derivative Attribute
 Exercise 8: Impedance Attribute Interpretation
— Interpreting Impedance Attributes

86 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 9 4 .

Basic Stratimagic 4.1 . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Basic experience in 3D seismic interpretation

Who should attend? New Stratimagic® users, Interpreters

Applications Stratimagic 4.1

Objectives 1

This course is designed to introduce new and experienced users of Paradigm


2011.3 software to the Stratimagic 4.1 application (Epos Enabled). The course
follows a standard interpretation and facies analysis workflow which uses Epos
data and integrates Stratimagic tools with standard Epos data management and
visualization tools.
By the end of the course, you should be able to perform the following tasks:
 Open and view Epos data in Stratimagic
 Interpret horizons and faults in Stratimagic
 Generate horizon attributes
 Create intervals and generate interval attributes
 Create and analyze facies maps

Contents 2

 Getting Started
— QC the Epos project
— Getting started in Stratimagic
 Structural Interpretation
— Interpreting faults
— Interpreting horizons
— Managing Stratimagic interpretation in Epos
Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 87


Paradigm®

 Horizon-Based Visualization
— Horizon slicing
— Computing horizon attributes
 Interval-Based Visualization
— Creating an interval
— Computing interval attributes
 Facies Classification
— Performing the facies classification
— Examining the facies results
— Editing the facies

88 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 0 5 .

Rock Property Prediction using Stratimagic/


SeisFacies 4.0 . .

Details
Duration 1 day

Prerequisites Basic Stratimagic 4.0

Who should attend? New Stratimagic® users, Interpreters

Applications Stratimagic and SeisFacies 4.0, 3D Canvas, VoxelGeo

Objectives 1

This course, an introduction to rock property prediction using Stratimagic 4.0/


SeisFacies 4.0, follows a series of workflows for generating rock property and
seismic facies volumes. Learn to use two reduction techniques: Primary
Component Analysis (PCA) and Blocking. Practice workflows for visualizing
your rock property volumes in 3D Canvas and VoxelGeo.

Contents 2

 Using Unsupervised methods to generate rock property volumes


— Neuronal classification (with and without data reduction via PCA)
— Using Hierarchical classification (with and without data reduction via
PCA and Blocking)
— Using Hybrid classification
 Using Supervised methods to generate rock property volumes
— Constrained cluster analysis
 Using Manual methods to generate rock property volumes
— Using a Crossplot to classify the facies
— Using Imported seeds classification
 QC the Facies to Well Data

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 89


Paradigm®

 Editing the Facies


— Smoothing
— Calibration
 Examining facies blocks in 3D Canvas and VoxelGeo

90 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 1 5 .

Advanced Data Analysis and Property


Modeling using GOCAD . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Introduction to GOCAD® for Building Geologic Models. Attending a Geostatistics


class before is recommended.

Who should attend? Geologists who specialize in Reservoir Properties modeling.

Modules  GOCAD 3D, Map, Cross Section and Well Viewer


 Reservoir Data Analysis
 Reservoir Properties

Objectives 1

Gain a practical approach to reservoir data analysis and stochastic property


modeling. After the course, students should be able to carry out a 3D model
build and provide all standard geological output to satisfy the needs of an asset
team. This class does not explain geostatistical concepts and algorithms in
detail.

Contents 2

 Introduction to Data Analysis and Property Modeling


— Common data analysis workflow
 Modeling Facies property (discrete)
— Estimate representative proportions of Facies in whole reservoir using
cell declustering technique
— Block well log data to geologic grid resolution
— Analyze vertical trends (Vertical Proportion Curves - VPC)
— Simulate Facies model using pixel-based algorithm and secondary data
VPC

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 91


Paradigm®

 Modeling petrophysical properties (continuous)


— Estimate representative statistics in whole reservoir using cell
declustering technique and create distribution models
— Analyze vertical trends
— Analyze correlation between properties and chose simulation algorithm
— Block well log data to geologic grid resolution, including the use of
filtering options
— Simulate pixel-based petrophysical models, including incorporation of
trends
 Post-processing
— Compute volumes
— Compute connectivity
 Editing variogram and impact onto connectivity

92 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 2 5 .

Basic Geostatistics . .

Details
Duration 3 days

Prerequisites Introduction to GOCAD® for Building Geologic Models

Who should attend? This course is designed for Geologists and Reservoir Engineers who require a solid
background in geostatistics to create geological reservoir models.

Modules GOCAD 3D, Map, Cross Section and Well Viewer

Objectives 1

Review the essential points of geostatistics to model the reservoir uncertainty


and the various modeling techniques used for petrophysical properties. Learn
the different theories that help geoscientists analyze the input data and choose
the appropriate parameters to create accurate property models.
All the methods and theories addressed in this course are reinforced by
exercises using conceptual datasets (these are synthetic datasets that are used
to illustrate concepts) with GOCAD.

Contents 2

 Statistics
 Performing data analysis
— Visual analysis of the data (including histogram, cross-plots, and trend
analysis)
— Spatial data analysis (including variogram theory, interpretation, and
modeling)
— Trend
 Creating deterministic models
— Kriging
— DSI
— Secondary data

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 93


Paradigm®

 Creating stochastic models using pixel-based methods


— Continuous variables (including SGS and Cloud Transform)
— Discrete variables (including SIS and truncated Gaussian)
— Secondary data (including VPC and proportion cubes)
 Creating stochastic models using object-based methods
— BoolX
 Post processing
— Maps and statistics
— Connectivity analysis
— Introduction to uncertainty analysis

94 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 3 5 .

Reservoir Risk Assessment using GOCAD


(Jacta) . .

Details
Duration 1 day

Prerequisites Introduction to GOCAD® for Building Geologic Models. The course assumes that
students have experience in modeling reservoir properties and that students
understand the various sources of uncertainty that affect reservoir volumetrics.

Who should attend? This course is designed for Geologists specialized in reservoir property modeling
and who would like to optimize the decision making process by systematically
analyzing reservoir uncertainty using Jacta®.

Modules  GOCAD 3D, Map, Cross Section and Well Viewer


 Reservoir Risk Assessment (Jacta)
 Stratigraphic Modeling & Fault Analysis

Objectives 1

Learn how to define uncertainty models and run simulations, and how to
analyze the reservoir volume distribution so as to be able to identify the
parameters that most impact results. Learn how to select some representative
models among all the realizations for in-depth analysis.
Jacta uses a unique technology that integrates geometry, facies, rock
properties, and fluid uncertainties to build thousands of equiprobable reservoir
models for a complete risk analysis.

Contents 2

 Defining an uncertainty model on input data


— Structure
— Sedimentology
— Petrophysical properties (including porosity, NTG, and permeability)
— Fluid contacts and water saturation

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 95


Paradigm®

 Defining uncertainties on geostatistical parameters


— Facies proportion
— Porosity distribution
 Analyzing uncertainty runs
— Analyzing summary statistics and volume distribution
— Capturing key uncertainties with tornado charts, and spider charts
 Exporting P10, P50, and P90 realizations

96 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 4 5 .

Uncertainty Management (Alea and Jacta1) . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Introduction to GOCAD® for Building Geologic Models. The course assumes that
students have some experience in modeling reservoir properties with geostatistical
techniques. Knowledge of Alea® and Jacta® modules is recommended, but not
required.

Who should attend? This course is designed for Geologists specializing in reservoir property modeling
who would like to optimize the decision making process by assessing the risk
associated to a reservoir modeling study.

Modules  GOCAD 3D, Map, Cross Section and Well Viewer


 Rock Volume Uncertainty Assessment (Alea)
 Reservoir Risk Assessment (Jacta)

Objectives 1

Gain the necessary background needed to understand the various sources of


uncertainty that must be taken into account when modeling reservoirs.
Learn methods to quantify uncertainties for input data and parameters, identify
the variables that have the greatest impact on target result, and draw the
accurate conclusions concerning a prospect. These concepts are illustrated by
hands-on exercises with Jacta and Alea products.

Contents 2

 Reviewing basics geostatistics definition


— PDF, CDF, quantiles, mean, and variance
— Monte-Carlo simulations
— Bayes rule

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 97


Paradigm®

 Dealing with uncertainty through 3D Modeling Workflow


— Structural uncertainty
— Input data uncertainty
— Parameter uncertainty
 Identifying key uncertainties
— Influence of one variable on another in nested simulation
— Graphical visualization of the impact of each variable on target result
 Making decisions when faced with uncertainties
— Impact of a wrong estimation on economics
 Selection of static and dynamic optimal models

___________________________________

1 Alea and Jacta were developed in cooperation with Total

98 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 5 5 .

Reservoir Simulation Interface and Production


Data Analysis using GOCAD . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites  Background in reservoir engineering


 Previous experience with ECLIPSE® reservoir simulator
 Introduction to GOCAD® for Building Geologic Models or experience in GOCAD
Base Module

Who should attend? Reservoir engineers who want to use the GOCAD interface for launching flow
simulators and analyzing results.

Modules  GOCAD 3D, Map, Cross Section and Well Viewer


 Production Data Loader
 Production Data Analysis
 Reservoir simulation Interface

Objectives 1

Gain an overview of the GOCAD Reservoir Simulation Interface (RSI) and


Production Data Analysis (PDA) modules.
Progress through a series of practical exercises to assemble the simulator input
data, generate an ECLIPSE input file, run the model, and analyze the results.

Contents 2

 Defining Flow Simulation Parameters and Running Simulation with RSI


— Create the reservoir simulation model grid
— Define property tables and initialization data
— Define aquifer, well and output data
— Run ECLIPSE from GOCAD

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 99


Paradigm®

 Analyzing Production Data with PDA and Updating Model


— Data loading
— View property movies
— Plot production data
— Modify RSI model
— Modify reservoir model regions

100 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 6 5 .

Upscaling Geologic Models using GOCAD . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Introduction to GOCAD® for Building Geologic Models

Who should attend? This course is designed for geomodelers and reservoir engineers who need to
rescale reservoir models.

Modules  GOCAD 3D, Map, Cross Section and Well Viewer


 Stratigraphic Modeling and Fault Analysis
 3D Grid Builder
 LGR & Upscaler

Objectives 1

Learn both the theory and the GOCAD LGR and Upscaler workflow, in order to
be able to create quality rescaled models and export them to a flow simulator. In
this course students work on a case study and go through all the steps required
to upscale the geometry and the reservoir properties of a geologic model, and
how to export them to a flow simulation model. Students learn to locally refine
the model in key locations of the reservoir.

Contents 2

 Introduction to Rescaling techniques


 Importing to a grid
 Editing the stratigraphic units
 Upgridding the fine grid
— Tartan gridding
— Simple upgridding
— Upgridding using a flow unit analysis

Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Reservoir Characterization & Petrophysics 101


Paradigm®

 Upscaling the Properties


— Choosing Mapping method
— Choosing Average methods according to property type
Static discrete properties (facies)
Static continuous properties (porosity, net-to-gross, and water
saturation)
dynamic properties (permeability)
 Locally refining the coarse grid
— In a region of interest
— Around a well
— Nested LGRs
 Exporting the Grid to Flow simulator
— Exporting to Eclipse format
— Exporting selected sets of LGRs

102 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Well Planning and Drilling 7 5 .

Introduction to Well Planning and Drilling


Engineering using Sysdrill . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Students should have a basic familiarity with Windows operating system.

Who should attend? Geologists, Drilling Engineers

Applications Sysdrill® 2009.1

Objectives 1

Introduces the student to the features and functionality of Sysdrill 2009.1.

Contents 2

 Introduction to Sysdrill 2009.1


— Working with the Data Selector, Saving Data, Data Structure, Working
with Spreadsheets, Catalogues, Graphs and Plots, and 3D View.
 Introduction to Well Planning
— Starting Sysdrill, Data Setup, Introduction to Planned Wells, Boundaries
and Line Calls, Other Planning Options, and Well Planning Challenge.
 Well Design
— Well Planning and Engineering
 Drilling Workflow
— Actual Wellbores, Project Ahead, and Sidetracks
 Data Exchange Between Databases
— Importer and Exporter Utilities

2014 Training Catalog Well Planning and Drilling 103


Paradigm®

Well Planning and Drilling 8 5 .

Advanced Well Planning and Drilling


Engineering using Sysdrill . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Students should have a basic familiarity with Windows operating system.

Who should attend? Geologists, Drilling Engineers

Applications Sysdrill® 2012.1sp1

Objectives 1

Introduces the student to the advanced features and functionality of Sysdrill


2012.1sp1.

Contents 2

 Introduction to Well Planning


— Getting Started, In Sysdrill, Data Setup
— Introduction to Planned Wells
— Creating a Planned Wellpath
 Well Design
— Well Planning and Engineering, Torque and Drag Analysis, Hydraulics
Analysis, Cementing Analysis, Casing Analysis.
 Drilling Operations
— Survey Management, Friction Factors, Project Ahead
 Data Exchange Between Databases
— Importer and Exporter Utilities
 Clearance Analysis
— Selecting Reference and Offset Wellbores, Running Clearance Analysis
 Extended Workflows - Integration with VoxelGeo
 Appendices: Working with Spreadsheets, Reporting, Basic Plotting,
Catalogues, 3D View Summary, Working with Graphs and Plots, Further
Help.

104 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Well Planning and Drilling 9 5 .

Geosteer: Well Directional Steering . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Introduction to Well Data Processing course. An expert with Well module layouts and
managing log data in text view. Familiar with variety of concepts including directional
and horizontal wells; plan and section views of well paths; directional logs and
survey calculations; planned and actual wells, drilling targets, position uncertainty;
basic structural geology including true and apparent bed dips, conformability, and
TVT/TST; LWD including real-time vs. memory; tool response characteristics
including depth of investigation, radial and vertical response; image interpretation in
high angle wells.

Who should attend? Geoscientists interested in near real-time well directional steering in Geolog®.

Applications Geosteer®

Objectives 1

Learn to:
 Create offset, planned, and actual wells
 Perform forward resistivity modeling
 Perform dip picking from image logs
 Perform exercises comparing planned vs. actual wells within Geosteer
section and provide update to actual well path projection
 Export updates to geologic model
GeosteerTM is an advanced module supporting direction drilling operations
based on comparison of planned vs. actual LWD logs. Geosteer uses Offset
wells together with Planned and Actual wells in the Geosteer Section that allows
update to the planned well based on actual LWD logs and forward resistivity
modeling, and dip/thickness editing techniques and procedures.

Contents 2

 Creating and using Offset, Planned/Re-Planned, and actual wells in the


Geosteer section
 Dip editing and Resistivity modeling
Continued on next page...

2014 Training Catalog Well Planning and Drilling 105


Paradigm®

 Workflow processes
 Practical Geosteering exercises

106 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Well Planning and Drilling 0 6 .

Planning Wells using GOCAD Drilling Planner . .

Details
Duration 1 day

Prerequisites One of the Introduction to GOCAD®/SKUA® courses

Who should attend? Geoscientists, engineers or other technical personnel who need to plan and test
potential wells within their prospect

Applications GOCAD 3D, Map, Cross Section and Well Viewer, Volume Interpretation, Basic Well
Planning, Extended Well Planning

Objectives 1

Learn how to use Drilling Planner to optimize trajectories and surface positions
to minimize cost and maximize accuracy.
Using the Drilling Planner, users can reduce risk and improve chances of
success by simultaneously evaluating all available seismic, petrophysical and
geological information in the same model used to develop the drilling plan.
Contingency planning can be done by identifying hazards before drilling begins.
Real-time model updates from operational data can be used to manage ongoing
drilling costs and take corrective action when required.

Contents 2

 Basic concepts of well planning: definitions


 Introduction to IDP: an integrated workflow
 Identifying new prospects
 Definition of the general drilling parameters template
 Target management
 Planning a well
 Sidetrack planning
 Planning a new platform
 Drilling results and reporting

2014 Training Catalog Well Planning and Drilling 107


Paradigm®

Development 1 6 .

Programming in GOCAD Developer Kit


Framework . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Experience in C++ required. Introduction to GOCAD® Base Module is


recommended.

Who should attend? This course is designed for computer scientists who would like to get started in the
exciting arena of programming GOCAD.

Modules GOCAD Developer Kit

Objectives 1

Gain an understanding of the basics for configuring your development


environment and understanding the GOCAD Development Kit framework.
GOCAD is designed to support proprietary development. This introductory
course is the foundation for all other GOCAD Development training and is
essential if students want to attend any other modular training.

Contents 2

 Creating a plugin and configuring environment (Windows and Unix)


 Programming with CLI (Command Language Interface)
 Using API (Application Programming Interface) of Software Development
Kit (SDK)
 Introduction to GOCAD Suite objects (GObj) and their capacities
— Geometrical classes
— Regions and properties
— Archives and ASCII files
— Coordinate System

108 2014 Training Catalog


Paradigm®

Development 2 6 .

GOCAD Developer Kit: Implementing Gobjs


and User Interfaces . .

Details
Duration 2 days

Prerequisites Attending Programming in GOCAD Development Kit Framework class and


experience in C++ required.

Who should attend? This course is designed for computer scientists who are already familiar with the
GOCAD® Development Kit Framework and who would like to learn more about
Gobjs (GOCAD objects) and QT.

Modules GOCAD Developer Kit

Objectives 1

Gain the skills necessary to create custom objects in GOCAD and implement
interactivity with them. Learn how to develop advanced interfaces with QT. The
workflow implementation is not addressed in this course.

Contents 2

 Creating your own Gobjs


— ASCII converter factories
— Graphic system
— Styles and attributes
— Interactive manipulation
 Programming with QT designer and GOCAD Suite Framework
— Programming with signals and slots
— Programming with QT designer

2014 Training Catalog Development 109


Paradigm®

Notes . .

110 2014 Training Catalog