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BAB III

LAMPIRAN-LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1
Conversation Gambits

Berikut ini daftar ungkapan-ungkapan (gambits) yang lazim digunakan dalam bahasa
Inggris yang bersumber dari Keller (1988). Ungkapan-ungkapan tersebut merupakan ciri
yang menonjol dalam bahasa ragam lisan. Guru SMP disarankan untuk mengajarkan
ungkapan-ungkapan ini agar siswa dapat melakukan berbagai tindak tutur dengan
mudah. Ini tidak berarti bahwa setiap gambit yang ada dalam daftar ini harus dibahas
satu per satu sebab sebuah tindak tutur dapat dihantarkan oleh satu ungkapan saja.
Akan tetapi, jika siswa memerlukan variasi lebih, guru dapat menjadikan daftar ini
sebagai sumber yang bermanfaat.

1. Meminta informasi 4. Meminta informasi lewat telepon

I’d like to know… I’m calling to find out…


I’m interested in… I’d like to ask…
Could you tell me…? Could you tell me…?
Do you know…? I’m calling about…
Could you find out …? I was wondering if you could tell me…
Could I ask …? I wonder if you could help me…
‘Do you happen to know …? Jika lewat operator:
I’d like to talk to somebody about…
2. Menyela
5. Beberapa kegiatan
‘Excuse me.
Sorry. First of all,
Excuse me for interrupting, but…. Then,
May I interrupt for a moment? Next,
…, ‘ please. After that,
‘Certainly Finally,
Make sure you…
3. Menginterupsi Be careful not to…
Remember to…
Sorry, but… Don’t forget to…
Excuse me for interrupting, but…
Can I add here that…? 6. Berceritera
I’d like to comment on that.
Can I add something? First,…
Can I say something here? First of all,…
I’d like to say something if I may. To begin with,…
Can I ask a question? Then,…
‘May I ask something? After that,…
So,…
Kembali ke topik
So then,…
Anyway,…
At the end,…
In any case,…
Finally,…
To get back to what I was saying,…
Where was I?

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7.Memberi alasan
12. Mengatakan sesuatu yang kurang
First of all,… enak
The main reason is…
Secondly,… Actually,…
The other reason is… The only thing is…
Another reason is… To tell you the truth,…
Besides that,… To be honest,…
And on top of that,… ‘Frankly,…
And finally,… 13. Kebenaran yang tersembunyi

8. Yang penting adalah… Frankly, I doubt if…


Let’s face it!
First of all,… The catch is…
The main thing is… The truth of the matter is…
The most important thing is… The real question is…
‘Come on now!
9. Masalah utamanya adalah… Let’s be realistic.

The trouble is… 14. Mengubah topik


The problem is…
The real problem is… Talking of…
The point is… That reminds me…
The ‘awful thing is… ‘By the way,
Don’t forget that… Oh, before I forget,…

10. Fakta yang mengherankan 15. Menanggapi berita

I think …
Start:
I suppose …
Do you realise that…
I ‘suspect that …
Believe it or not,…
I’m pretty sure that …
You may not believe it, but…
I’m fairly certain that…
It may sound strange, but…
It’s my opinion that…
‘The surprising thing is…
I’m ‘convinced that…
‘Surprisingly,…
I ‘wonder if…
‘Oddly enough,…
‘Funnily enough,…
16. Menebak
End with:
I’d say…
Generally…
Could it be…
By and Large…
Perhaps it’s…
As a rule…
I think it’s…
Normally…
It looks like…
Usually…
It’s difficult to say, but I’d guess…….
On the whole,…
17. Sejujurnya…
11. Berita yang mengejutkan
I honestly feel that…
Guess what!
I ‘strongly believe that…
Surprise!
I’m convinced that…
I’ve got news for you!
Without a doubt,…
Do you know what!
I’m positive …
Are you sitting down?
I’m ‘absolutely certain that…
You’d better sit down!
You won’t believe this, but…

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18.Pendapat pribadi 24. Menyarankan

In my ‘opinion,… Why don’t you…


I personally believe… You could always…
I personally think… If I were you, I’d…
I personally feel… Why not…
Not everyone will agree me, but… How about …
To ‘my mind… Try …ing.

19. Pendapat pribadi 25. Jika ada masalah


In my opinion,… In a case like this,…
From my point of view,… In a situation like this,…
Well, personally,… In this sort of situation,…
If I had ‘my way,…
What ‘I’m more concerned with is… 26. Memberi tekanan
In ‘my case…
That’s just the point.
20. Berbagi rahasia But the question is…
But the real question is…
I’ve heard… This raises the problem of…
‘They say… But can’t you see…?
Just between you and me,
I heard ‘on the grapevine 27. Menambahkan
This shouldn’t be passed around, but…
Have you heard… To start with,…
Maybe I shouldn’t say this, but… And another thing,…
What’s more,…
21. Menyarankan Just a small point,…
Perhaps I should mention…
Why not…
Oh, I almost forgot…
Why don’t you…
You could always…
28. Memberi alasan
One way would be to…
Perhaps you could…
And besides,…
If I were you, I’d…
Also,…
What about…ing.
‘In addition,…
Try …ing.
What’s more,…
And another thing,…
22. Menawarkan usul
Not to mention the fact that…
Why don’t you… Plus the fact that…
Why not… Not only ‘that, but…
Perhaps you could…
Have you thought about… 29. Anda punya alasan?
I have an idea.
‘Let’s… Memulai.
The reason why…
23. Merencanakan Because…

Our plan is to… Meneruskan


We’re thinking of… Because of that…
What we have in mind is… That’s why…
What we plan to do is… That’s the reason why…
I’ll tell you what we’ll do. ‘For this reason…
What about this for an idea…

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30. Menharapkan 35. Mengatakan ‘tidak’ dengan
bijaksana
If…
If ever… Saying no
When… I’m not keen on…
Whenever… I don’t particularly like…
As soon as… I can’t stand…
By the time… It’s not my idea of…
Unless… I’d really rather not…

31. Mengoreksi diri A preference


I’d prefer…
What I mean is… I’d really much rather…
What I meant was… I’d rather…
Let me put it another way.
What I’m saying is… 36. Menolak dengan halus
What I’m trying to say is…
Don’t’ misunderstand me, I’m not really interested in…
If I said that, I didn’t mean to… But I’m not worried about…
‘Let me rephrase what I just said. I’ve got no use for…
I’m perfectly happy with…
32. Meluruskan berita
37. Meminta penjelasan
That’s not what I said at all.
I’ve no idea who told you that. Can you explain why…
Goodness, where did you get that idea Do you mean to say…
from? I don’t understand why…
‘I’m afraid that just isn’t true. Why is it that…
The fact of the matter is… How come…
‘Look, let’s get this straight,… Does this mean…

33. Salah kaprah 38.Mengungkapkan kehati-hatian

‘I’m afraid…
Memulai
I don’t see how…
Many people think…
But the problem is…
Some people say…
Yes, but…
You’ve probably heard that…
I doubt…
It may seem…
Possibly, but…
Yes, but the problem really is…
Menghubungkan
What I’m worried about is…
But in fact,
What bothers me is…
But actually,
The truth of the matter is…
39. Mempertimbangkan sesuatu
34. Menganggap remeh Bearing in mind…
Considering…
At first glance, it looks as if… If you remember…
Many people think that… Allowing for the fact that…
We take it for granted that… When you consider that…
It seems as if…
It looks like… Responding to a compliment
But in fact, Oh, thank you very much.
In reality, That’s very kind of you.
The fact of the matter is… Do you really think so?
But actually,

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40. Argumen dan melawan argumen Exceptions
There are exceptions, of course,
Berhati-hati One exception is…
Yes, but … But what about…
Yes, but don’t forget… But don’t forget…
That would be great, except…
That’s good idea, but… 44. Generalisasi

Melawan argumen In general,…


Even so,… Generally speaking,…
Even if that is so,… As a rule,…
That may be so, but.. By and large,…
That’s probably true, but… In my experience,…
Possibly, but…
Pengecualian
41. Melihat sisi baiknya There are exceptions of course.
One exception is…
On the other hand … But what about…
But then again,… But don’t forget…
Look at it this way,… Let’s not forgt…
Anyway,…
Even so, … 45. Memberi ilustrasi
Ok, but…
But in the long run,… For example,…
Very true, but… For instance,…
To make up for it, …. Take the way (he)…
Take for example…
42. Membuat generalisasi For one thing…
To give you an idea…
Membuat generalisasi Look at the way…
As a rule,… ‘By way of illustration…
Generally,…
Usually,… 46. Maksud sebenarnya adalah…

Sering… Keraguan:
Most of the time… Well, um…
Again and again… Well, let’s see.
Time and again… Mmm, I’ll have to think about that.

Tidal sering Mengatakan kembali:


Every so often… So, what you’re saying is…
From time to time… So, what you’re really saying is…
Every now and then… In other words,
If I understand you correctly,
43. Pengecualian So you mean that…

Generalising 47. Mengakhiri ceritera


In general,…
To cut a long story short,…
Generally speaking,…
So in the end,…
As a rule,…
So, in short,…
By and large,…
So,…
In my experience,…
To sum up,…
In most cases,…
All in all,…
To put the whole thing in a nutshell,…

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48. Benar atau salah
Sangat setuju
Correct Of course I would!
That’s right. I certainly would!
Right.
OK. Agak setuju
Yes. I think I would.
Exactly! I might.
I might consider it.
Wrong I think so.
No, I’m afraid not.
Tidak dapat memutuskan
Not quite.
I don’t know.
You’re close.
I can’t decide.
I don’t know.
I can’t make up my mind.
I’m not sure.
I’m not sure.
49. Reaksi bersama Agak tidak setuju
Probably not.
Setuju I don’t think so.
Hear! Hear! I doubt it.
You’re absolutely right!
‘You said it! Sangat tidak setuju
I agree! Never in a million years!
‘So do I! Not on your life!
‘Neither can I! Not (even) if you paid me !
Not for all the tea in China!
Tidak setuju
That’s just not true! 53. Anda tidak tahu apa-apa
Oh, come on!
Rubbish! I’m afraid I don’t know.
Don’t give us that! I’m sorry I don’t know.
I haven’t a clue.
50. Setuju, tetapi… I couldn’t tell you.
I’m not sure.
Setuju Oh, it’s slipped my mind.
That’s (very) true. I’ve forgotten.
I agree with you there. It’s no good. I can’t remember.
Yes, I know exactly what you mean. 54. “Kapok” kan?
Tidal setuju It serves you right.
Yes, but don’t you think… It’s your own fault.
I agree with you, but… What did you expect?
Yes, but on the other hand… Perhaps that’ll teach you
‘I don’t see it quite like that.
55. Setuju
51. Rasanya…
Setuju
‘I’m afraid I don’t know. I’m not surprised.
I’m afraid I can’t decide. That doesn’t surprise me.
I’m afraid I can’t make up my mind. Yes, that sounds like me.
I’ll have to think about it. I knew it!
I’m really not sure. I thought so.
‘I think I’ll leave it, thank you. Just what I’ve always thought.
Absolutely!
52. Berbagai kehendak Tidak setuju

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You’re joking!
You must be joking! 59. Menunjukkan minat
I don’t believe it!
No, definitely not! Right.
Come on! OK.
I don’t think so. Yes?
I don’t think that’s very fair. And?
Are you pulling my leg? ‘Really?
That’s news to me! And then?

Auxiliaries:
56. Menanggapi secara interpersonal
‘Did you?
Ketika Anda heran Have you?
‘Really! Are you?
Are you joking? Were you?
Oh? Was it?
Where? Show me.
I can’t see that. 60. Apakah orang lain faham??
Goodness!
Gambits pengulangan
What?
Would you mind repeating that?
Jika setuju Sorry, I didn’t catch the last part.
So do I. Sorry, you’ve lost me.
Me too! Sorry, I don’t follow you.
That’s what I thought too! What was that again?
But that’s what I was going to say.
Gambits untuk mengecek
Are you with me?
57. Bersimpati
Are you still with me?
Tidak terlalu serius Is that clear?
Oh no! OK so far?
What a pity! Have you got it?
What a shame. Do you understand so far?
What a nuisance.
Poor you. 61. Jika tidak faham

Sangat serius Sorry, what did you say?


How awful! ‘Sorry?
How terrible! I didn’t get the bit about…
I’m really sorry to hear that. I’m sorry I can’t hear you. It’s a very
That must’ve been awful! bad line.

Would you mind saying that again?


58. Cara terbaik mengatakannya
Could you repeat your address, please?
Could you spell it, please?
Well, let me see.
Well, let me think.
62. Menerima pujian
I’ll have to think about that.
That’s a good question. Oh, thank you.
How shall I put it? That’s very kind of you.
Let’s put it this way. It’s very kind of you to say that.
The best way I can answer that is… Do you really think so?
Mm, that’s a difficult question. Let me Thanks, I needed that.
see. You’ve made my day!

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