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APLIKASI PENERAPAN DALAM ASUHAN KEPERAWATAN

Disusun Untuk Memenuhi Tugas Mata Kuliah Fisika Biologi


Dosen Pengajar Bapak Ns. Alfeus Manuntung, S.Kep, M.Kep

Disusun Oleh:

Farihatun Nisa
(NIM: PO.62.20.1.16.140)

POLITEKNIK KESEHATAN KEMENKES PALANGKA RAYA


DIV KEPERAWATAN REGULER III
2016

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KATA PENGANTAR

Puji syukur kehadirat kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa atas segala rahmatnya sehingga
makalah ini dapat tersusun hingga selesai. Dan tidak lupa mengucapkan banyak terima kasih,
terutama kepada Bapak Ns. Alfeus Manuntung, S.Kep, M.Kep selaku pembimbing dalam
penulisan makalah sederhana ini.
Penulis juga mengucapkan terima kasih kepada semua pihak yang telah membantu
baik secara moral maupun materil dan Penulis menyadari bahwa masih banyak kekurangan
pada karya makalah ini. Oleh sebab itu Penulis menantikan adanya kritik dan saran yang
membangun dari para pembaca yang budiman demi perbaikan untuk penulisan yang akan
datang.
Dan harapan kami semoga makalah sederhana ini dapat memberikan manfaat yang
besar bagi para pembaca khususnya mahasiswa.

Palangka Raya 21 September 2016

Farihatun Nisa

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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
Halaman Depan ........................................................................................................................... i
Kata Pengantar ........................................................................................................................... ii
Daftar Isi ...................................................................................................................................iii

BAB I PENDAHULUAN .......................................................................................................... 1


A. Latar Belakang ............................................................................................................... 1
B. Rumusan Masalah .......................................................................................................... 2
C. Tujuan Penulisan ............................................................................................................ 2

BAB II PEMBAHASAN ........................................................................................................... 3


A. BIOMEKANIKA ............................................................................................................. 3
a. Penerapan Analisa Gaya Dalam Terapan Kesehatan ............................................... 3
a) Traksi ................................................................................................................. 3
b) Posisi Tubuh....................................................................................................... 7
B. FLUIDA ........................................................................................................................... 9
a. Alat Mengukur Tekanan Zat Cair .............................................................................. 9
a) Tonometer ............................................................................................................ 9
b) Sistometer ............................................................................................................. 9
b. Alat Mengukur Volume Paru-paru ........................................................................... 10
a) Spirometer .......................................................................................................... 10
b) Mini Peak Flow Meter........................................................................................ 11
c. Suction Pump ........................................................................................................... 12
d. Tensimeter ................................................................................................................ 14
C. BIOAKUSTIK ............................................................................................................... 18
a. Ultrasonik ................................................................................................................. 18
b. Stetoskop .................................................................................................................. 27
c. Tes Audiometer ........................................................................................................ 30
d. Ear Plug .................................................................................................................... 32

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D. TERMODINAMIKA ..................................................................................................... 35
a. Termometrik ............................................................................................................. 35
a) Termometer Air Raksa/Alkohol ......................................................................... 35
b) Termometer Tahanan (Termistor Termometer) ................................................ 36
c) Termometer Elemen (Termocouple) ................................................................. 37
d) Pytometer Optik ................................................................................................. 38
b. Penggunaan Enegi Panas Dalam Pengobatan .......................................................... 38
a) Metode Konduksi ............................................................................................... 38
1) Kontong Air Panas (Buli-buli Panas) .................................................... 38
2) Handuk Panas ......................................................................................... 39
3) Turkish Batsh (Mandi Uap) ................................................................... 39
4) Mud Packs (Lumpur Panas) .................................................................. 39
5) Wax Bath (Parafin Bath) ....................................................................... 39
6) Electric Pads ........................................................................................... 40
b) Metode Radiasi ................................................................................................... 40
c) Metode Elektromagnetis .................................................................................... 41
d) Gelombang Ultrasonik ....................................................................................... 42
E. BIOOPTIK ..................................................................................................................... 43
a. Peralatan Pada Pemeriksaan Mata ............................................................................ 43
a) Opthalmoskop .................................................................................................... 43
b) Retinoskop .......................................................................................................... 44
c) Keratometer ........................................................................................................ 45
d) Tonometer dari schiotz ....................................................................................... 46
e) Pupilometer ........................................................................................................ 47
f) Lensometer ......................................................................................................... 47
b. Penggunaan Sinar Dalam Kesehatan ........................................................................ 48
a) Sinar Tampak ..................................................................................................... 48
1) Transilluminasi ............................................................................................. 48
2) Endoskop ...................................................................................................... 48
3) Sistoskop ...................................................................................................... 48
4) Protoskop ...................................................................................................... 49
5) Bronkhoskop ................................................................................................ 49
b) Ungu Ultra .......................................................................................................... 49
c) Merah Infra ......................................................................................................... 50
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d) Sinar Biru ........................................................................................................... 50
c. Laser ......................................................................................................................... 51
d. Lup ........................................................................................................................... 52
e. Mikroskop ................................................................................................................ 52
f. Teropong .................................................................................................................. 53
F. BIOLISRIK .................................................................................................................... 54
a. EMG ......................................................................................................................... 54
b. ENG .......................................................................................................................... 56
c. ERG .......................................................................................................................... 57
d. EOG .......................................................................................................................... 58
e. EGG .......................................................................................................................... 59
f. EEG .......................................................................................................................... 60
g. EKG .......................................................................................................................... 61

BAB III PENUTUP ................................................................................................................. 62


A. Kesimpulan .................................................................................................................. 62
B. Saran ............................................................................................................................ 62

Daftar Pustaka .......................................................................................................................... 63