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College of Health and Sciences



Name of Student: Keisha Mae R. Gacula Year, Section & Group: BSN III-B;Group2

Broad Topic: Knowledge on Sexually Transmitted Diseases among college students

Information regarding broad topic:

Brief Description Statistics Literature & Studies Gaps in Knowledge Existing Problem
Sexually transmitted National There are many factors that can STDs target mostly The lack of education
diseases are caused by a Youth (15-24 years old) In be attributed to STD exposure. teenagers and young about STDs is a
virus or bacteria, like September 2016, 213 (31%) cases College students frequently adults, at the age of primary factor that
many other diseases were among youth aged 15-24 years. engage in high-risk behaviors, the highest productive researchers focus on
however there is a stigma Most (95%) were male. Ninety-nine such as sexual activity with and reproductive when trying to find a
attached to having or percent (211) were infected through multiple partners without using activity. WHO defines solution to reduce the
living with an STD. sexual contact (24 male-female sex, condoms, experimenting with adolescence as the rates of sexually
Despite the stigma, a very 108 male-male sex, 79 sex with both drugs, and inconsistent safe sex period of life between transmitted diseases.
high percentage of people males & females) and 2 (1%) through practices. With college students 10 and 19 years of
from all walks of life are needle sharing among IDUs. From continuing these behaviors, the age. In the early
living with or have had January 1984–September 2016, rates of STDs are unlikely to adolescence, which is
STD’s in their past. Most 7,536 (27%) of the reported cases fall. These alarming statistics in the beginning of
people are not comfortable were 15-24 years old. Ninety percent have many researchers looking second decade,
with discussing STD’s (6,811) of all the youth were reported for answers on how to further secondary sex
even with their physician. in the last six years (2010-2016). A reduce the rates of sexually characteristics develop
However, it is important to steep increase in cases among youth transmitted diseases. jointly with rapid
do so because many of was seen in 2008, wherein the total Education physical growth.
these diseases can be cured number of cases (111) is 171% The type of education that Middle adolescence
with something as simple higher than that in 2007 (41). From students should be provided begins approximately
as an antibiotic. More 1984 to 2002, more than half of the and whose responsibility it is to at the age of 14 years,
importantly, some cannot cases among the youth were females teach students are constant ends around the age of
be cured but with early (179 or 71%). However, in 2003, problems. In most cases, 17 to 18 years. Also,
treatment can prevent there was an equal number of males schools provide some increased sexual
more serious and females reported. Since then, the information to students. interest and non-coital
complications which can trend reversed to male predominance. However, the quality and sexual behaviors are
sometimes be fatal. Ninety-four percent (7,107) were timing of this sex education are characteristic for this
infected through sexual contact (947 very important issues which are period. Early and
male-female sex, 3,829 male-male not addressed. middle adolescents are
sex, 2,331 sex with both males & less likely than others
females); and 369 were infected Knowledge to use preventive
through sharing of infected needles The knowledge level of methods when
among idoxuridines (IDU). students is commonly engaging in sexual
questioned as a reason for the intimacy and more
International high rates of sexually likely to deny
More than 1 million STDs are transmitted diseases. In a study symptoms of
acquired every day. Each year, there conducted by Buysse (1996), infection.
are estimated 357 million new respondents indicated that they
infections with 1 of 4 STIs: had received sufficient
chlamydia (131 million), gonorrhoea information or that they were
(78 million), syphilis (5.6 million) rather indifferent with regard
and trichomoniasis (143 million). to additional information about
More than 500 million people are sexually transmitted diseases,
living with genital HSV (herpes) however answers on
infection. At any point in time, more knowledge questions showed
than 290 million women have an important misconceptions.
HPV infection, one of the most
common STIs.