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A SENTENCE

 is a group of WORDS, which at least has


a SUBJECT and a PREDICATOR, and it
forms a COMPLETE THOUGHT.

Girls write books

Books love students.

Students love Beautiful girls

Students book books

Girls smile

Smile writes love

She smiles

The baby sleeps

The students take _______ (X)


 SUBJECT of a sentence = NOUN,
PRONOUN, noun phrase, gerund
 PREDICATOR of a sentence =
VERB, auxiliary verb, linking verb.
 OBJECT of a sentence =NOUN
 COMPLEMENT = ADJ, ADV, NOUN.
IN SHORT

To make a sentence, we need WORDS.


Each word has a function (sometimes
more than 1 functions).

Cook
I cook some breakfast.
She is a good cook.
I take a shower
He showers me with his love.

WORDS  PART OF SPEECH


1. Noun (kt. benda) kb.

2. Verb (kt. kerja) Kkt. Kki.


 Kki. (kt kerja intransitive)= tdk
membutuhkan objek.
She smiles.
She sleeps.
 Kkt. (kt kerja transitive)
membutuhkan objek.
She drinks(kkt) a cup of coffee ()
She drinks (kki).
She takes….something….

3. Adjective (kt. sifat) ks.: kata yg


menerangkan kata benda.
Beautiful, smile, love, happy, hurt

Beautiful girl
He is very smart

4. Adverb (keterangan) kk.: kata yg


menerangkan kt. kerja, kt sifat,
dan/atau keterangan itu sendiri.
ADJ ADV
He drives the fast motorcycle fast.

ADJ ADV
The boy throws the hard stone hard.
He speaks very slowly
5. Pronoun (kata ganti kt benda)
I you she he they we it (SUBJECT)
Me you her him them us it (OBJECT)
That this those these (demonstrative
pronoun)

6. Article (A, AN, THE)

7. Conjunction/connector : but, so, and,


because, although, etc.

8. Preposition: on, in, at, of, for, by, to,


with, after, from, etc.
My mother cooks in the kitchen
She lays on the bed
I give my heart to you
I do this for you

Pass in: masuk, lolos, lulus.


On: menyerahkan
Out: pingsan
Away: meninggal
I am married to Lee Min Ho.
with 2 children.

I was born in France


on 28th of February
at the hospital

The Pattern of Sentence

1. S V (V = intransitive verb)
- I CRY.
- I COME.
- she walks.
2. S V O (V = transitive verb)
- THEY COOK some cakes
(mereka masak)
(mereka memasak ____) ()
- I WEAR HIJAB
- YOU WRITE A LETTER
- YOU SING A DANGDUT SONG
3. S V O C…
- You sing a song beautifully (to me)
(on the stage) (with Celine Dion)
(everyday)

4. S V C…
- I cry loudly (on your shoulder) (to
relieve my heart)
- I go for a holiday together with my
family happily by taking bus to
celebrate new years

5. S V Oi Od … :
- He loves (me, Catty, Pat, Ucup,
netty, and many more.)
- I love (Rian, agus, asep, Ucup, Bayu
and Adi)

Bukan S V O O
Example of S V Oi Od:

- I give you my heart (SVOiOd)


S V Oi Od
- I give my heart to you (SVOC)
- I read the children a story