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ENGLISH

Library - “collection” ; read, borrow, study, surf the net

A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined
community for reference or borrowing. It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a physical
building or room, or a virtual space, or both.

A library's collection can include:


books prints DVDs
periodicals documents Blu-ray Discs
newspapers microform e-books
manuscripts CDs audiobooks
films cassettes databases
maps videotapes
Libraries range in size from a few shelves of books to several million items.

Types of Libraries
1. Academic Library - serve colleges and universities
2. Public Library - serve cities and towns of all types
3. School Library - serve students from Kindergarten - G12
4. Special Library - serve specialized environments (hospital, museums)
5. Internet Library

Sections of Libraries
1. General Section - maps, dictionaries, encyclopedias, atlas
2. Periodicals - magazines, journals, newspapers
3. Circulation - houses and circulates books
4. Filipiniana - comics, Philippines Acquisition, history
5. Cataloging - arranger of books (obsolete)
6. Acquisition - evaluator of books
7. Technical - manages the whole library *OPAC - Online Public Access Catalog*
8. Rare/Archives - old books
9. Multimedia/AVR - film-watching
10. Graduate - thesis, dissertations
11. American - books from America; american authors
12. Children - fairy tales
13. Young Adult/ Fiction - novels acquired in different countries
14. Local - mini museums for certain ethnic groups
BUILDING A WIDE VOCABULARY
1. Borrowing - is the process by which a word from one language is adapted for use in another. The word that is
borrowed is called borrowed word or loanword.
Ex.
They/their – This common pronoun comes from the Old Norse word “Peir”.
Person – This comes from the Latin “persona”. It was adopted by the French language and then eventually made its
way into English.
Very – This despised yet commonly used adjective comes from the Old French “verai”, which means “true”.
Dollar – This comes from Czech through Dutch. Its roots are connected to the origins of the mint itself: a factory
where coins and currency is produced.
War – This comes from the Old French “werre”.
Leg and Skin – Both words come from Old Norse and replaced “shank” and “hide” upon their arrival. Although the
words still exist in English, they are used only for animals once slaughtered.
Slaughter – This comes from the Old Norse “slatr”.
Skipper – This comes from the Dutch “schipper”. Many of our nautical terms are derived from Dutch due to the trade
links that existed.
Court – In French this means the king’s residence and was often the place to which someone was called in order to
respond to accusations.
Zero – This comes from Arabic. In fact, many of our words related to numeracy, mathematics and trade can be traced
back to Arabic.
2. Change in Meaning
3. Functional Change
4. Compounding - Compound words are formed when two or more words are put together to form a new word with a
new meaning.
Closed compound words are formed when two unique words are joined together. They don’t have a space between them
and they are the type that generally comes to mind when we think of compound words. For example:

Cannot Baseball

Fireworks Grandmother

Elsewhere Upside

Together Sunflower

Crosswalk Become

Basketball Moonlight

Football Railroad

Anybody Weatherman

Skateboard Earthquake

Everything Sometimes

Schoolhouse Upstream

Fireflies Grasshopper

Inside Playthings

Open compound words have a space between the words but when they are read together a new meaning is formed:
Ice cream Grand jury

Cave in Post office

Real estate Middle class

Full moon Attorney general

Half sister

Hyphenated compound words are connected by a hyphen. To avoid confusion, modifying compounds are often
hyphenated, especially when they precede a noun such as in the case of part-time teacher, high-speed chase, and fifty-yard
dash. When they come after the noun they are open compounds: a chase that is high speed, a teacher that is part time, etc.
Comparative and superlative adjectives are hyphenated when they are compounded with other modifiers: the
highest-priced computer, the lower-priced car. Adverbs that end in –ly and compounded with another modifier are not
modified: a highly rated restaurant, a publicly held meeting.
Here are more examples of hyphenated compound words.

One-half Mother-in-law

Eighty-six One-third

Merry-go-round Well-being

Mass-produced Over-the-counter

Daughter-in-law

5. Formation by Affix (Structural Analysis)

Common Latin Roots

Latin Root Definition Examples

ambi both ambiguous, ambidextrous

aqua water aquarium, aquamarine

aud to hear audience, audition

bene good benefactor, benevolent

cent one hundred century, percent

circum around circumference, circumstance

contra/counter against contradict, encounter

dict to say dictation, dictator

duc/duct to lead conduct, induce

fac to do; to make factory, manufacture

form shape conform, reform


fort strength fortitude, fortress

fract to break fracture, fraction

ject throw projection, rejection

jud judge judicial, prejudice

mal bad malevolent, malefactor

mater mother material, maternity

mit to send transmit, admit

mort death mortal, mortician

multi many multimedia, multiple

pater father paternal, paternity

port to carry portable, transportation

rupt to break bankrupt, disruption

scrib/scribe to write inscription, prescribe

sect/sec to cut bisect, section

sent to feel; to send consent, resent

spect to look inspection, spectator

struct to build destruction, restructure

vid/vis to see video, televise

voc voice; to call vocalize, advocate

Common Greek Roots

Greek Root Definition Examples

anthropo man; human; humanity anthropologist, philanthropy

auto self autobiography, automobile

bio life biology, biography

chron time chronological, chronic


dyna power dynamic, dynamite

dys bad; hard; unlucky dysfunctional, dyslexic

gram thing written epigram, telegram

graph writing graphic, phonograph

hetero different heteronym, heterogeneous

homo same homonym, homogenous

hydr water hydration, dehydrate

hypo below; beneath hypothermia, hypothetical

logy study of biology, psychology

meter/metr measure thermometer, perimeter

micro small microbe, microscope

mis/miso hate misanthrope, misogyny

mono one monologue, monotonous

morph form; shape morphology, morphing

nym name antonym, synonym

phil love philanthropist, philosophy

phobia fear claustrophobia, phobic

phon sound phone, symphony

photo/phos light photograph, phosphorous

pseudo false pseudonym, pseudoscience

psycho soul; spirit psychology, psychic

scope viewing instrument microscope, telescope

techno art; science; skill technique, technological

tele far off television, telephone

therm heat thermal, thermometer


Common Prefixes

Prefix Definition Examples

anti- against anticlimax

de- opposite devalue

dis- not; opposite of discover

en-, em- cause to enact, empower

fore- before; front of foreshadow, forearm

in-, im- in income, impulse

in-, im-, il-, ir- not indirect, immoral, illiterate, irreverent

inter- between; among interrupt

mid- middle midfield

mis- wrongly misspell

non- not nonviolent

over- over; too much overeat

pre- before preview

re- again rewrite

semi- half; partly; not fully semifinal

sub- under subway

super- above; beyond superhuman

trans- across transmit

un- not; opposite of unusual

under- under; too little underestimate

Common Suffixes

Suffix Definition Examples

-able, -ible is; can be affordable, sensible


-al, -ial having characteristics of universal, facial

the dog walked,


-ed past tense verbs; adjectives
the walked dog

-en made of golden

one who;
-er, -or teacher, professor
person connected with

-er more taller

-est the most tallest

-ful full of helpful

-ic having characteristics of poetic

verb forms;
-ing sleeping
present participles

-ion, -tion, -ation, submission, motion,


act; process
-tion relation, edition

-ity, -ty state of activity, society

-ive, -ative, active, comparative,


adjective form of noun
-itive sensitive

-less without hopeless

-ly how something is lovely

-ment state of being; act of contentment

-ness state of; condition of openness

riotous, courageous,
-ous, -eous, -ious having qualities of
gracious

-s, -es more than one trains, trenches

-y characterized by gloomy

6. Shortening
Acronym
Ex.
SARS = severe acute respiratory syndrome UNICEF -The United Nations International WASP - White anglo saxon protestant.

RADAR - Radio detecting and ranging Children's Emergency Fund. DOA – Dead On Arrival

LASER - Light amplification by SCUBA - Self-contained underwater AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
the stimulated emission of radiation.
breathing apparatus. HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus
NATO - The North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
DARE – Drug Abuse Resistance Education FYI – For Your Information ADA – American Dental Association

ADD – Attention Deficit Disorder DOB – Date Of Birth FLAG – Foreign Language Association of Georgia

ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder UFO – Unidentified Flying Object PAWS – Progressive Animal Welfare Society

CDC – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention NFL – National Football League WWE – World Wrestling Entertainment

AMA – Against Medical Advice AFL – American Football League SPCA – Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals
MD – Medical Doctor NBA – National Basketball Association
AAAS – American Association for the
OTC – Over The Counter NHL – National Hockey League Advancement of Science

EST – Eastern Standard Time AA – Alcoholics Anonymous TBN – Trinity Broadcasting Network

PST – Pacific Standard Time AARP – American Association of Retired Persons ESPN – Entertainment and Sports Programming
Network
CST – Central Standard Time MADD – Mothers Against Drunk Driving
CBS – Columbia Broadcasting System
PPV – Pay Per View PGA – Professional Golfer’s Association
MTV – Music Television
SSN – Social Security Number SWM – Single White Male
NBC – National Broadcasting Company
ADL – Activities of Daily Living SWF – Single White Female
ABC – American Broadcasting Company
SUV – Sports Utility Vehicle APA – American Psychological Association
PBS – Public Broadcasting Service
ABS – Anti-lock Braking System MLA – Modern Language Association
TNT – Tuner Network Television
ASAP – As Soon As Possible ACS – American Cancer Society

JIT – Just In Time AMA – American Medical Association

Blending
advertainment, from advertising and entertainment multiplex, from multiple and cineplex meliatria from melia and patria
advertorial, from advertising and editorial Muppet, from marionette and puppet melodrama from melody and drama
affluenza, from affluence and influenza napalm, from naphthene and palmitate mockney from mock and Cockney
alphanumeric, from alphabetic and numeric netiquette, from Internet and etiquette motel from motor and hotel
anacronym, from anachronism and acronym netizen, from Internet and citizen Oxbridge from Oxford and Cambridge
apronym, from appropriate and acronym Oxbridge, from Oxford and Cambridge Republicrat or Demopublican from Republican and
automagic(al), from automatic and magic(al) paratroops, from parachute and troops Democrat (or vice versa)
backronym, from back and acronym pixel, from picture and element rockumentary from rock and documentary (also
bit, from binary and digit pizzone, from pizza and calzone mockumentary, from mock and documentary)
blaxploitation, from black and exploitation portmanteau, from the French porte (carry) and manteau sexcellent from sex and excellent
Bollywood, from Bombay and Hollywood (coat) sexploitation from sex and exploitation
Bootylicious, from booty and delicious posistor, from positive and thermistor skort from skirt and short (as in short pants)
boxercise, from boxing and exercise procrasturbate, from procrastinate and masturbate smog from smoke and fog
britcom, from British and comedy prosumer, from either producer or professional and soundscape from sound and landscape
brunch, from breakfast and lunch consumer spork from spoon and fork
cellophane, from cellulose and diaphane qubit, from quantum and bit squiggle from squirm and wiggle
chortle, from chuckle and snort rockumentary, from rock and documentary stagflation from stagnation and inflation
cineplex, from cinema and complex (building) sexcellent, from sex and excellent tangelo from tangerine and pomelo
cocacolonization, from Coca-Cola and colonization sexercise, from sex and exercise televangelist from television and evangelist
codec, from coder and decoder sexploitation, from sex and exploitation tigon from tiger and lion
cryptex, from cryptology and codex shareware, from share and software Internet and computing
cyborg, from cybernetic and organism shockumentary, from documentary and shock apronym from appropriate and acronym
dancercise, from dance and exercise sitcom, from situation and comedy ASCIIbetical from ASCII and alphabetical
datacasting, from data and broadcasting skort, from skirt and short automagic(al) from automatic and magic(al)
Diamat, from Dialectical Materialism smog, from smoke and fog backronym from back and acronym
digerati, from digital and literati smudgemate, from smudge and estimate bit from binary and digit
digipeater, from digital and repeater soundscape, from sound and landscape codec from coder and decoder
docudrama, from documentary and drama spork, from spoon and fork digerati from digital and literati
docusoap, from documentary and soap opera squiggle, from squirm and wiggle emoticon from emotion and icon
dramality, from dramatic and reality stagflation, from stagnation and inflation Internet from inter and network
dramedy, from drama and comedy streetball, from street and basketball freeware from free and software
dumbfound, from dumb and confound swaption, from swap and option knowledgebase from knowledge and database
ebonics, from ebony and phonics tangelo, from tangerine and pomelo modem from modulator and demodulator
ecoteur, from ecological and saboteur teensploitation, from teen and exploitation netizen from (Inter)net and citizen
edutainment, from education and entertainment televangelist, from television and evangelist netiquette from (Inter)net and etiquette (similarly,
emoticon, from emotion and icon terrist, from Terra and terrorism wikiquette)
faction, from fact and fiction thermistor, from thermal and resistor pixel from picture and element
fantabulous, from fantastic and fabulous voxel, from volume and pixel qubit from quantum and bit
frankenfood, from Frankenstein and food General shareware from share and software
frankenword, from Frankenstein and word blaxploitation from black and exploitation smudgemate from smudge and estimate
fraudience, from fraud and audience blaccent from black and accent - used of non-blacks who spamdexing from spam and indexing
freeware, from free and software try to sound black sporgery from spam and forgery
ginormous, from gigantic and enormous bleen from blue and green (coined by Nelson Goodman to voxel from volume and pixel
greenwash, from green and whitewash illustrate Goodman's paradox) Marketing
guesstimate, from guess and estimate brunch from breakfast and lunch advertainment from advertising and entertainment
infomercial, from information and commercial chortle from chuckle and snort (coined by Lewis Carroll) advertorial from advertising and editorial
infotainment, from information and entertainment cocacolonization from Coca-Cola and colonization cineplex from cinema and complex (building)
intercom, from internal and communication ebonics from ebony and phonics docudrama from documentary and drama
Internet, from inter and network ecoteur from ecological and saboteur docusoap from documentary and soap opera (serialised
jazzercise, from jazz and exercise faction from fact and fiction drama)
knowledgebase, from knowledge and database fantabulous from fantastic and fabulous dramality from dramatic and reality (television)
malware, from malicious and software frankenfood from Frankenstein and food edutainment from education and entertainment
mantastic, from man and fantastic frankenword from Frankenstein and word infomercial from information and commercial
melodrama, from melody and drama ginormous from gigantic and enormous infotainment from information and entertainment
mobisode, from mobile (phone) and episode greenwash from green and whitewash multiplex from multiple and cineplex! - this word has a
mockney, from mock and Cockney grue from green and blue (coined by Nelson Goodman to different meaning in telecommunications
mockumentary, from mock and documentary illustrate Goodman's paradox) Art, literature and entertainment
modem, from modulator and demodulator guesstimate from guess and estimate arfé from art and café
moped, from motor and pedal liger from lion and tiger Bollywood from Bombay and Hollywood
motel, from motor and hotel mantastic from man and fantastic dancercise from dance and exercise
dancersize from dance and circumsize, coined in jest on nor Wittgenstein accepted. Organizations
Fry and Laurie machinima from machine and cinema Compaq from computer and pack (to denote a small
mathercise from mathematics and excercise, used by Mr. newrun from new and rerun - episode from a talk-show integral object)
Morales to describe group aerobics involving shaping wherin old subjects are rehashed. Intel from integrated and electronics
one's body into the specified equation. Orgasmatron Orgasm and Electron(ic) - from Woody Microsoft from microcomputer and software
Kripkenstein from Kripke and Wittgenstein, coined to Allen's Sleeper Sony from sonus (Latin for sound) and sonny (slang for
describe a philosophical position that Kripke argued one sacrilicious from sacrilege and delicious, used by Homer youngster)
could read into Wittgenstein's work, but which neither he Simpson

Clipping

Clip Original Clip Original


Word Word Word Word

ad advertisement margarine oleomargarine

alum alumni mart market

auto automobile math mathematics

bike bicycle memo memorandum

bra brassiere mend amend

bro brother mike microphone

burger hamburger miss mistress

bus omnibus mod modern

bust burst movie moving pictures

butt buttocks mum chrysanthemum

cab cabriolet pants pantaloons

caf cafeteria pen penitentiary

calc calculus pep pepper

canter Canterbury gallop perk percolate

cent centum perk perquisite

champ champion phone telephone

chem chemistry photo photograph

chemist alchemist pike turnpike

clerk cleric plane airplane

coed coeducational student pop popular

con convict pro professional

co-op cooperative prof professor


copter helicopter prom promenade

cuke cucumber quake earthquake

curio curiosity ref referee

deb debutante rev revolution

deli delicatessen scram scramble

doc doctor specs spectacles

dorm dormitory specs specifications

drape drapery sport disport

exam examination stereo stereophonic

fan fanatic still distill

fax facsimile sub submarine

flu influenza tails coattails

fridge refrigerator taxi taxicab

gab gabble teen teenager

gas gasoline tie necktie

gater alligator trig trigonometry

grad graduate trump triumph

gym gymnasium tux tuxedo

hack hackney typo typographical error

hippo hippopotamus van caravan

iron flatiron varsity university

jet jet aircraft vet veteran

lab laboratory vet veterinarian

limo limousine wig periwig

lube lubricate zoo zoological garden

lunch luncheon

Abbreviations
tsp or t - teaspoon/teaspoons Ln - lane CMO - Chief Marketing Officer
tbs, tbsp or T - tablespoon/tablespoons Rd - road CFO - Chief Financial Officer
c - cup/cups St - street CEO - Chief Executive Officer

gal - gallon BA - Bachelor of Arts AM - ante meridian


lb - pound/pounds BS - Bachelor of Science PM - post meridian
pt - pint MA - Master of Arts i.e. - id est
qt - quart M.PHIL or MPHIL - Master of Etc - etcetera
Philosophy
Ave - avenue Viz - videlicet
JD - Juris Doctor
Blvd - boulevard N.b. - nota bene

7. Ephonyms (Names of Real Persons or All Places)


8. Literature
9. Slang
10. Coining

Time Management
- is the process of organizing and planning how to divide your time between specific activities. Good time
management enables you to work smarter – not harder – so that you get more done in less time, even when time
is tight and pressures are high. Failing to manage your time damages your effectiveness and causes stress.

“Time management” refers to the way that you organize and plan how long you spend on specific activities.

It may seem counter-intuitive to dedicate precious time to learning about time management, instead of using it
to get on with your work, but the benefits are enormous:
1. Greater productivity and efficiency.
2. A better professional reputation.
3. Less stress.
4. Increased opportunities for advancement.
5. Greater opportunities to achieve important life and career goals.

Failing to manage your time effectively can have some very undesirable consequences:
1) Missed deadlines.
2) Inefficient work flow.
3) Poor work quality.
4) A poor professional reputation and a stalled career.
5) Higher stress levels.
Spending a little time learning about time-management techniques will have huge benefits now – and
throughout your career.
Time management is the process of organizing and planning how much time you spend on specific activities.
Invest some time in our comprehensive collection of time management articles to learn about managing your
own time more efficiently, and save yourself time in the future.

Time Management Tools


1. Prioritazation - Making Best Use of Your Time and Resources
- is the essential skill that you need to make the very best use of your own efforts and those of your team.
It's also a skill that you need to create calmness and space in your life so that you can focus your energy and
attention on the things that really matter.

2. Scheduling - Planning to Make the Best Use of Your Time


- It's the end of another busy working day and, even though you came into the office early and left late, you
don't feel as if you've accomplished anything significant.

3. Time Management Challenges - Maintain Focus, Keep Control of Your Time


- Everyday interruptions at work can be a key barrier to managing your time effectively and, ultimately, can
be a barrier to your success.

4. Concentration and Focus


5. Goal Setting
6. Self-Motivation

LEARNING STYLES - TYPES OF LEARNERS


1. Visual - sense of sight
Ex. Watching, reading, board games
2. Auditory - sense of hearing
Ex. Listening music while studying
3. Kinesthetic - body movements
Ex. Dancing, sports
4. Tactile - sense of touch
Ex. Cooking, massaging, pottery, sculpture

LEARNING TECHNIQUES

High:
1. Distributed Practice / Chuking
2. Practice Testing Moderate:
3. Interrelated Practice
4. Self-explanation Low:
5. Elaborative Interrogation 6. Summarizing
7. Re-reading 9. Imagery of Text
8. Mnemonics 10. Highlighting / Marking /
Underlining
CONTEXT CLUES
- technique used by authors to give clue to the unfamiliar words.
1. The word around the word
2. Situation of the context
3. The way it was said

SYNONYMS - words with the same meaning


Ex.
· Amazing, astounding, surprising, · Fertile, fruitful, abundant, · Polite, courteous, cordial, gracious
stunning productive
· Quick, fast, swift, speedy, rapid
· Annihilation, destruction, carnage, · House, dwelling, abode, domicile
extinction · Risky, dangerous, perilous,
· Hungry, ravenous, empty treacherous
· Benefit, profit, revenue, yield
· Injured, damaged, wounded, · Sleepy, drowsy, listless, sluggish
· Brave, courageous, valiant, heroic harmed
· True, correct, right, accurate, exact
· Center, middle, inside, midpoint · Intelligent, clever, brilliant,
knowledgeable · Under, below, beneath, lower
· Cunning, keen, sharp, slick
· Look, glance, see, gaze, stare · Vacant, empty, deserted,
· Destitute, poor, bankrupt, uninhabited
impoverished · Loyal, faithful, ardent, devoted
· Woman, lady, female, girl
· Deterioration, pollution, defilement, · Old, elderly, aged, senior
adulteration · Wet, damp, moist, soaked, soggy
· Organization, institution,
· Enormous, huge, gigantic, massive management
· Evil, bad, wicked, vile, malicious · Partner, associate, colleague,
companion

ANTONYMS - words with the opposite meaning


Ex.
Achieve – Fail · Crazy – Sane · Guilty – Innocent
· Idle – Active · Crooked – Straight · Hire – Fire
· Afraid – Confident · Decrease – Increase · Include – Exclude
· Ancient – Modern · Demand – Supply · Individual – Group
· Arrive – Depart · Destroy – Create · Innocent – Guilty
· Arrogant – Humble · Divide – Unite · Knowledge – Ignorance
· Ascend – Descend · Drunk – Sober · Liquid – Solid
· Attack – Defend · Expand – Contract · Major – Minor
· Blunt – Sharp · Freeze – Boil · Marvelous – Terrible
· Brave – Cowardly · Full – Empty · Mature – Immature
· Cautious – Careless · Generous – Stingy · Maximum - Minimum
· Complex – Simple · Giant – Dwarf · Noisy – Quiet
· Compliment – Insult · Gloomy – Cheerful · Optimist - Pessimist
· Ordinary – Extraordinary · Random – Specific · Transparent - Opaque
· Partial – Complete · Rigid – Flexible · Triumph – Defeat
· Passive – Active · Segregate – Integrate · Union – Separation
· Permanent – Unstable · Shame – Honor · Unique – Common
· Plentiful – Sparse · Simple - Complicated · Upset – Relaxed
· Positive – Negative · Single – Married · Urge – Deter
· Powerful – Weak · Strength – Weakness · Vacant – Occupied
· Praise – Criticism · Sunny - Cloudy · Vague – Definite
· Private – Public · Superb – Awful · Vertical – Horizontal
· Problem – Solution · Temporary – Permanent · Villain – Hero
· Professional – Amateur · Timid – Bold · Visible - Invisible
· Profit – Loss · Toward – Away · Wax - Wane
· Quality – Inferiority · Tragic – Comic · Wealth – Poverty

EXPLANATION - the meaning of the word is explained in the sentence


Ex. The patient is somnolent that she requires medication to help her stay awake for a longer time.
EXAMPLE
Ex. Celestial bodies such as the sun, moon and stars are governed by predictable law.
HOMONYMS
Homonym Homograph Homophones
Same Spelling Same Spelling Different Spelling
Same Pronunciation Different Pronunciation Same Pronunciation
Different Meaning Different Meaning Different Meaning

Examples of Homophones:
air, heir aisle, isle mail, male idle, idol

ante-, anti- bare, bear, bear morning, mourning knight, night

be, bee brake, break oar, or know, no

buy, by cell, sell pair, pear hour, our

cent, scent cereal, serial plain, plane in, inn

coarse, course complement, compliment pray, prey knot, not

dam, damn dear, deer made, maid stair, stare

die, dye eye, I meat, meet steal, steel

fair, fare fir, fur none, nun tail, tale

flour, flower hair, hare one, won to, too, two

heal, heel hear, here peace piece waist, waste

him, hymn hole, whole poor, pour way, weigh

principal, principle profit, prophet stationary, stationery wear, where


real, reel right, write suite, sweet sole, soul

root, route sail, sale their, there son, sun

sea, see seam, seem toe, tow shore, sure

sew, so, sow sight, site wait, weight some sum

weak, week

Examples of Homographs:
accent - stress or emphasis/a manner of speaking or · minute - 60 seconds or 1/60th of an hour/extremely small
pronunciation influenced by the region in which one lives or
grew up · moped - acted sad or gloomy/a bicycle with a motor

· agape - wide open/a Greek word meaning “love” · object - a thing you can see or touch/a goal/a noun that
receives the action of a verb/to be opposed to
· attribute - a characteristic or quality/to think of as belonging
to or originating in some person, place or thing · proceeds - advances or continues on/the money or profit
gained from some sale or venture
· axes - the plural of ax or axe/the plural of axis
· produce - to create or make/fresh fruits and vegetables
· bass - a deep voice or tone/a kind of fish
· project - a plan or proposal/to throw or hurl forward/to cause
· bat - a piece of sporting equipment used in baseball/a winged a shadow or image to fall upon a surface
animal associated with vampires
· putting - the present participle of put/the present participle of
· bow - to bend at the waist/the front of a boat/a pair of tied putt
loops
· number - a numeral/to count/more numb
· buffet - to hit, punch or slap/a self-serve food bar
· refuse - waste or garbage/to reject or decline to accept
· bustier - an undergarment/more busty
· row - a fight/to propel a boat forward using oars/a line
· compact - small/to make small/a small case for holding
makeup · second - 1/60th of a minute/after the first

· compound - to mix or combine/an enclosed area with a · subject - under some authority or control/to bring under
building or group of buildings inside authority or control/to make liable or vulnerable/a topic/the
noun in a sentence about which something is said in
· content - happy or satisfied/all that is contained inside the predicate
something
· tear - to rip/a drop of water from the eye
· contract - an agreement/to get, acquire or incur
· wind - to turn/moving air
· coordinates - brings into proper place or order/a set of
numbers used to calculate position · wound - turned/an injury

· desert - a hot, arid region/to leave

· digest - a condensed version of some information/to change Examples of Homonyms:


food in the stomach into a form that can be absorbed by the
body
· address (to speak to)/address (location)

· discount - a reduction in price/to underestimate the · air (oxygen)/air (a lilting tune)


significance of or give no credence to
· band (a musical group)/band (a ring)
· does - female deer (plural)/present, third person singular
· bark (a tree’s out layer)/bark (the sound a dog makes)
form of the verb “do”

· down - in a lower position/soft, furry feathers · current (up to date)/current (flow of water)

· entrance - the place of entry/to bewitch, delight or enrapture · die (to cease living)/die (a cube marked with numbers
one through six)
· evening - late afternoon/making more even
· fair (equitable)/fair (beautiful)
· fine - very good/sharp or keen/delicate or subtle/a sum of
money paid to settle a matter · kind (type)/kind (caring)
· frequent - occurring regularly/to visit a place with regularity · lie (to recline)/lie (to tell a falsehood)
· incense - a substance that produces a pleasant odor when · match (to pair like items)/match (a stick for making a
burned/to infuriate or make very angry flame)
· lead - to go first with followers behind/a type of metal
· mean (average)/mean (not nice)
· Pole (a person from Poland)/pole (a piece of metal that
holds a flag)
· pound (unit of weight)/pound (to beat)
· ream (a pile of paper)/ream (to juice a citrus fruit)
· rose (to have gotten up)/rose (a flower)
· spring (a season)/spring (coiled metal)
· tender (gentle)/tender (to pay money)
· tire (to grow fatigued)/tire (part of a wheel)