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Introducing Renewable

Energy To Mongolia

The views expressed in this presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank Institute
(ADBI),ndc.energy.mn
the Asian Development Bank (ADB), its Board of Directors, or the governments they represent. ADBI does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in
this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequences of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.
Overview
1 Mongolian power system

2 State policy about renewable energy

3 Renewable energy potential

4 Challenges

5 Opportunities

6 Future of renewable energy

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Overview
Western region power system

1 Mongolian power system Eastern region power system


Central region power system
Altai-Uliastain power system
2 State policy about renewable energy

3 Renewable energy potential

4 Challenges

5 Opportunities

6 Future of renewable energy

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Overview Installed capacity of Mongolian power system
2%
1 Mongolian power system 2%
8%
2 State policy about renewable energy

3 Renewable energy potential


Thermal power plant

4 Challenges Wind power plant

5 Opportunities Solar power plant

Hydro power plant


6 Future of renewable energy
88%

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Overview
1040
MW Daily load
960

880
1 Mongolian power system
800
2 State policy about renewable energy
720

3 Renewable energy potential 640 Import/Export

560
4 Challenges Wind PPs

480
5 Opportunities Solar PPs
400
6 Future of renewable energy TPP-4
320

240 Thermal PPs

160

80

0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Hour

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Overview • The Parliament of Mongolia approved following laws and programs
related to renewable energy.
– In Article 11.1, Energy Regulatory Authority shall set tariffs and
1 Mongolian power system
prices of energy generated and supplied by renewable energy power
2 State policy about renewable energy
source connected to a transmission network within the following
tariff range/2007, amended in 2015/:
3 Renewable energy potential • US$ 0.08-0.095 per kWh of electricity generated and delivered
by a wind power source
4 Challenges • US$ 0.15-0.18 per kWh of electricity generated and delivered
by a solar power source
5 Opportunities
• US$ 0.045-0.06 per kWh of electricity generated and delivered
6 Future of renewable energy
by a hydro power plant with capacity of less than 5000 kW;
– In Article 11.2, price difference of electricity generated by a power
source set forth in Article 11.1 of this law shall be reimbursed by the
supporting tariff/2015/.
– “National Renewable energy program” in June 2005 to promote and
extend renewable energy development in Mongolia. Program shall
be implemented in two stages /2005-2020/.

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Overview
1 Mongolian power system – Total energy – Renewable Energy

2 State policy about renewable energy 350 MW


Hydro power source
3 Renewable energy potential 250 MW
4 Challenges

5 Opportunities

6 Future of renewable energy

29 MW
1.1 MW 3.8 MW

2000 2005 2010 2015 2020

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Overview
1 Mongolian power system – Total energy – Renewable Energy

2 State policy about renewable energy Solar power source 50 MW


3 Renewable energy potential
20 MW
4 Challenges

5 Opportunities

6 Future of renewable energy


12 MW
0 MW 3 MW

2000 2005 2010 2015 2020

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Overview
– Total energy – Renewable Energy
1 Mongolian power system
290 MW
2 State policy about renewable energy
Wind power source
3 Renewable energy potential

4 Challenges
110 MW
5 Opportunities

6 Future of renewable energy


54 MW

0.15 MW 0,3 MW

2000 2005 2010 2015 2020

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Overview
1 Mongolian power system

2 State policy about renewable energy

3 Renewable energy potential

4 Challenges

5 Opportunities

6 Future of renewable energy

• The entire territory of the country is estimated to be sunny in 270 to 300


days in a year. Yearly average daylight time is estimated as 2250-3300
hours.
• The yearly radiation is estimated as 1200-1600 kW per square meter and
its intensity is estimated as more than 4.3-4.7 kW/h

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Overview
1 Mongolian power system

2 State policy about renewable energy

3 Renewable energy potential

4 Challenges

5 Opportunities

6 Future of renewable energy

• As it is pointed out in wind energy atlas of Mongolia, the 10 percent


of the total territory or 160’000 square kilometer area is estimated as
suitable for wind energy application.
• It is estimated that 13 provinces have more than 20’000MW and 9
provinces have more than 50’000MW and Umnugobi province alone
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has wind energy potential of over 300’000MW. 11
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Overview
1 Mongolian power system

2 State policy about renewable energy

3 Renewable energy potential

4 Challenges

5 Opportunities

6 Future of renewable energy

• There are 3800 small and big streams and rivers in Mongolia, which
could support 6417.7 MW of power and deliver 56.2 billion kWh of
electric energy in a year.
• The first type of renewable energy was a hydro power plant. The very
first one with capacity of 560kW was established in Kharkhorin city in
1959.
• As of now, 13 hydro power plant is operating in Mongolia
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Overview
1 Mongolian power system

2 State policy about renewable energy

3 Renewable energy potential

4 Challenges

5 Opportunities

6 Future of renewable energy

• There is not much regulatory generations


• Planning for renewable energy generations
• Connection point of renewable energy
• Economical

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Overview 40

35
WPP day ahead planning
Day ahead planning with NDC correction
Actual performance
50
WPP day ahead planning
Day ahead planning with NDC correction
Actual performance
30 40

1 Mongolian power system 25


30
20
2 State policy about renewable energy
15 20

3 Renewable energy potential 10


10
5

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5 Opportunities 10
9 SPP day ahead planning
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6 Future of renewable energy 8 Day ahead planning with NDC correction
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SPP day ahead planning
7 Actual performance
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correction
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Overview
1 Mongolian power system

2 State policy about renewable energy

3 Renewable energy potential

4 Challenges

5 Opportunities

6 Future of renewable energy • Eco-friendly clean energy, REDUCES CO2 emissions


• Free energy generation, EVENTUALLY
• Distributed system

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Overview 252.4 MW of 4 Wind PP
227 MW of 11 Solar PP
10 MW of 1 Solar PP 32 MW of 1 Biomass PP
92.8 MW of 1 Hydro PP

1 Mongolian power system


Western RPS 16 Locations
2 State policy about renewable energy 511.4 MW
2 locations
Central RPS Eastern RPS
3 Renewable energy potential 102.8 MW
No renewable energy
proposal yet
4 Challenges
Altai-Uliastain
5 Opportunities
PS
1 location
6 Future of renewable energy
10 MW
Southern
10 MW of 1 Solar PP
No renewable energy
proposal yet

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Thank you for your
attention!

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