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Essay Paper 2015 (CSS Paper 2015)

1: The War on terror has contributed to the growing abuse of human rights
2: Anticipation is often greater than realization
3: Punctuality is virtue of bored
4: The introduction of new digital technologies has radically altered identities
5: In a hierarchy every employee tends to rise to is level of incompetence
6: I disapprove what you say, but I defend to death your right to say
7: Luxury predecessors becomes the necessity of successors
8: When life throws you lemons , make lemonade
9: Govt Should eliminate subsidies and incentives for manufacturers and consumers of electric cars as they are costly and do not do
enough to protect environment
10: Labor saving devices are more troublesome than they worth

G.K I – Every Day Science (CSS Paper 2015)


Q.2. (a) Iibn-e Batoota’s famous book Rihalah is an important source of history and geography. Justify it.
(b) Albarouni is recognized more as natural scientist rather theorist. Comment.
Q.3. (a) How solar eclipse and lunar eclipse arc caused?
(b) Discuss the function of kidneys in human body.
Q.4. (a) Describe briefly the principle working of two of the followings
(i) Television
(ii) Microwave oven
(iii) RADAR
(b) What is current status and future perspective of BIOTECHNOLGY in Pakistan?
Q.5 (a) What do mean by night vision technology?
(b) How Energy crises can be minimized in Pakistan.
Q.6. (a) Write short note on Seismography.
(b) Differentiate between
(i) Cell and battery
(ii) Smog and Smoke
Q.7. (a) What do you understand by Pollen Allergy.
(b) Write down short note on any two the following.
(i) Antibiotics
(ii) Hornmotnes
(xiii) Green House effect?
Q.8. (a) Write down note on Forensic Science and Criminology.
(b) What arc fertilizers? What do you understand by NPK Fertilizers?
Q.9. (a) What is Anemia? What are its symptoms and causes?
(b) Write short note on space shuttle.

English (Précis & Composition) (CSS Paper 2015)


Q.2. Make a précis of the hallowing text and suggest a suitable: title.
In studying the breakdowns of civilizations, the writer has subscribed to the conclusion – no new discovery!–that was has proved to
have been the proximate cause of the breakdown of every civilization. Which is known for certain to have broken down, in so far as
it has been possible to analyze the nature of these breakdowns and to account for their occurrence. Like other evils, war has an
insidious way of a scaring not intolerable until it has secured such a stranglehold upon the yes of its addicts that they no longer have
tile power to escape from its grip when its deadliness has become ii mites In the early stages of a civilization’s growth, the cost of
wars in suffering and destruction might seem to be exceeded by the benefits accruing from the winning of wealth and power and the
cultivation of the military virtues'; and, in this phase of history, states have often found themselves able to indulge in war with one
another with something like impunity even for the defeated party. War does not begin to – veal its malignity till the war-making
society has bet iii to increase its economic ability to exploit physical nature and its -political ability to organize manpower; but, as
soon as this happens, the god of war to which the growing society has fling since been dedicated proves himself a Moloch by
devouring an ever larger share of the fruits of industry and intelligence in the process of taking an ever larger toll of life a and
happiness; who the society’s growth in efficiency reaches a point at which it becomes capable of mobilizing a lethal quantum of its
energies and resources for military use, then War reveals itself as being a cancer which is bound to prove fatal to is victim unless he
can cut it out and cast it from him since its malignant tissues have now learnt to grow faster that the healthy tissues on which they
feed.
In the past, Mien this danger point ill the history of the relations between war avid civilization has been reached and recognized,
serious efforts have sometimes burn made to get rid of war ill time to save society, and these endeavours have been apt to lake one
or other of two alternative directions. Salvation cannot, of course, be sought anywhere except in the working of the consciences of
individual human beings; hilt individuals have a choice between trying to achieve their auras through direct action as private citizens
and trying to achieve them through indirect action as citizens of states. A personal refusal to lead himself in any way to any war
waged by his state for ally purpose and in any circumstances is a line of attack against the institution of war that is likely to appeal to
an ardent and self-sacrificing nature; by comparison, tile alternative peace strategy of seeking to persuade and accustom
governments to combine in jointly resisting aggression when it comes and in flying to remove its stimuli before hand may seem a
circuitous acid unheroic line of attack on the problem. Yet experience up to date indicates unmistakably, in the present writer’s
opinion, that the second of these two hard roads is by far the more promising.
Q.3. Read the following in text carefully and answer the questions below:
Experience has quite definitely shown that some reasons for holding a belief arc notch more likely to be justified lily title Milt than
others. It might naturally he supposed, for instance, that the best of all reasons for a belief was strong conviction of certainty
accompanying the he belief. Experience, however, shows that this is not so, and that as a matter of fact, conviction by itself is more
likely to mislead than it is to guarantee truth. On the other hand, lack of assurance and persistent hesitation to collie to any belief
whatever arc an equally poor guarantee that the few beliefs which are arrived at arc sound, Experience also shows that assertion,
however long continued, although it is unfortunately with many people an effective enough means of inducing Relief, is not in any
way a ground for holding it.
The method which Las proved effective, as a matter of actual fact, in providing a firm foundation for relief wherever it hats been
capable of application, is what is usually called the scientific method. I firmly believe that the scientific method although slow and
never claiming to lead to complete truth, is the oil method which In the long run will Live satisfactory foundations for beliefs. It
consists in demanding facts as the only basis for conclusions, and in consistently and continuously testing; any conclusions which
nay have been reached, against the test of new facts and, wherever possible, by the crucial test of expel invent. It consists also in
full publication of the evidence on which conclusions are based, so that other workers may be assisted in pew researchers, or
enabled to develop their own interpretations and arrive at possibly very different conclusions.
There are, however, all sorts of occasions on which the scientific method is not applicable. That method involves slow testing,
frequent suspension of judgment, restricted conclusions. The exigencies of everyday life, on the other hand, often make it necessary
to act on a hasty balancing of admittedly incomplete evidence, to take immediate action, and to draw conclusions in advance of the
evidence. It is also true that such action will always be necessary, and necessary in respect of ever larger issues; and this inspite of
the fact that one of the most important trends of civilization is to remove sphere after sphere of life out of the domain of such intuitive
judgment into the domain of rigid calculation based on science. It is here that belief plays its most important role. When we cannot
he certain, we must proceed in part by faith—faith not only in the validity of our own capacity of making judgments, but also in the
existence of certain other realities, pre-eminently moral and spiritual realities. It has been said that faith consists in acting always on
the nobler hypothesis; and though this definition is a trifle rhetorical, it. cm dies a seed of real truth.
Answer briefly in your own words the following questions:
1. Give the meaning of the underlined phrases as they are used in the passage.
2. What justification does the author claim for his belief in the scientific method?
3. Do you gather from the passage that conclusions reached by the scientific method should be considered final? Give reasons for
you answer.
4. In what circumstance, according to the author, is it necessary to abandon the scientific method?
5. How does the basis of “intuitive judgment” differ from that of scientific decision?
Q.4. Write a comprehensive note (250-300 words) on any ONE of the following topics:
1. Education should be for life, not for livelihood
2. The art of being tactful
3. Human nature is scen at its best adversity
4. Spare the rod and spoil the child
Q.5. (a) Use only Five of the following in sentences which illustrate their meaning (Extra attempt shall not be considered).
1. Itching palm
2. The primrose path
3. Break one’s fall
4. Wash one’s hands of
5. To become reconcile to
6. To militate against
7. To be cognizant of
8. Wages of sin
(b) Explain the difference between the following word pairs by defining each word. (Do only Five)
1. Plaintiff, plaintive
2. valet, varlet
3. monitor, mentor
4. complacent, complaisant
5. penitence, penance
6. crevice, crevasse
7. beneficent, beneficial
Q.6.(a) Correct only hive of the following sentences:
1. Have either of you seen my pen?
2. On attempting to restore the picture to its original condition, almost irreparable change was discovered.
3. This child is the prettiest of two.
4. I was annoyed arriving late, also his rather insolent manner put me out of temper.
5. He is anxious not only to acquire knowledge, but also eager to display it.
6. If he was here now, we should have no difficulty.
7. Due to unforeseen environments, we shall have to leave early.
8. People have and still do disagree on this matter.
(b) Rewrite One of the following passages converting what is in direct speech into indirect, and what is in indirect speech into
direct.
1. Just as we came in sight of the valley Jamil met us, — “yes, the valley is all very fine, but do you know there is nothing to
eat?”
“Nonsense; we can eat anything here.”
“Well, the brown bread’s two months old, and there’s nothing else but potatoes.”
“There must be milk anyhow.”
“Yes, there was milk, he supposed.”
ii. Miss Andleeb said she thought English food was lovely, and that she was preparing a questionnaire to be circulated to the
students of the university, with a view to finding out their eating preferences.
“But the students won’t fill up questionnaires,” said Miriam.
“Won’t fill up questionnaire?” cried Miss Andleeb, taken aback.
“No”, said Miriam, “they won’t. As a nation we are not, questionnaire-conscious.”
“Well, that’s too bad,” said Miss Andaleeb.

Islamiat (CSS Paper 2015)


2: Explain concept & structure of Muslim Ummah and give suggestions for its revival.
3: What is differnce between Jihad and Fasaad? Discuss the possibility of practical application of Quranic concept of Jihad in
current international scenario.
4: The entire faith in Prophethood is unacceptable without faith in finality of the Prophethood. Discuss in the light of Quran &
Sunnah.
5: Highlight the importance of Zakaat and prove that economic stability of a society can be ensured through its effective
implementation.
6: Write a comprehensive note on the importance of sunnah in interpretation and legislation.
7: Argue for supremacy of “Wahi” as the solution of human problems against other sources of knowledge.
8: Stability of modern society depends upon a strong family system in the light of islamic principles. Discuss
9: Give comparison of Islamic Ideology and modern Western thought about the present trends of individuality.

G.K III – Pakistan Affairs (CSS Paper 2015)


1: “Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was in no way pro-British.” Agree or disagree, answer with arguments.
2:“It was over-reaction of Hindus to the partition of the Bengal in 1905 that widened the gulf between Muslims and Hindus”.
Comment
3: Khilafat Movement was emotional movement”. Discuss
4: Separation of East Pakistan, though a tragic part of history of Pakistan, was not the negation of Two nation theory”. Comment
5: Briefly discuss the main features of the cultural heritage of Pakistan.
6: Was Islamization during Zia Era a need of the time, or was it Political propaganda?
7: Critically evaluate the role of Pakistan in “The War on Terror”.

G.K II (Current Affairs) (CSS Paper 2015)


Q.2. Since 1970 every election was accused of rigging, what electoral reforms you will suggest to improve the electoral system of
Pakistan?
Q.3. What is the role of education in character building of a nation? Highlight major pitfalls in Pakistan’s educational systems.
Q.4. Define term ‘good governance’. What measures the present government should take to improve its performance?
Q.5. Do you believe that main cause of 2014 floods was Indian ‘water terrorism’ or it was due to awful mismanagement of water
resources in Pakistan?
Q.6. What are the causes of “Arab Spring”? Identify their impacts on the future politics of the region.
Q.7. Do you agree that Pakistan’s role in afghan jihad against Soviet Union was the root cause of terrorism in Pakistan or it is a
reaction of US invasion of Afghanistan after 9/11 and Pakistan’s U-turn in afghan policy?
Q.8. Critically evaluate the counter terrorism policy of Pakistan and suggest measures to eradicate this evil.