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Document Number

NRF-295-PEMEX-2013
PEMEX & Subsidiary Organizations Standardization
Committee
August 20, 2013P
PEMEX Exploration & Production Technical
Page 1 of 38 Standardization Sub-committee

Anticorrosive Coating Systems for Pemex


Exploration & Production´s Offshore platforms
Superficial facilities
ANTICORROSIVE COATING
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This Reference Standard was approved by the PEMEX & Subsidiary


Organizations Standardization Committee in Session 93, celebrated
on May 30, 2013
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CONTENT

CHAPTER PAGE

0. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................. 4

1. OBJECTIVE ............................................................................................................................................ 5

2. SCOPE............................................................................................................................................. 5

3. APPLICATION FIELD ................................................................................................................... 5

4. UPDATES ................................................................................................................................ 5

5. REFERENCES .................................................................................................................................... 6

6. DEFINITIONS .................................................................................................................................... 8

7. ABBREVIATIONS ................................................................................................................................. 10

8. DEVELOPMENT ..................................................................................................................................... 11

8.1 Design conditions ............................................................................................................... 11

8.2 Specifications of the Coating Systems ................................................................. 14

8.3 Application methods & characteristics .................................................................................... 16

8.4 Preparation of the surface ....................................................................................................... 19

8.5 Application ................................................................................................................................... 23


8.6 Inspection................................................................................................................................... 23

8.7 Tests ...................................................................................................................................... 25

8.8 Identification, storage & transportation .............................................................................. 30

8.9 Supplier or contractor delivered documentation ......................................................... 30

9. RESPONSIBILITIES............................................................................................................. ........ 31

10. COINCIDENCES WITH MEXICAN OR INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS .................................... 32

11. BIBLIOGRAPHY .................................................................................................................................... 32

12. ANNEXES ............................................................................................................................................... 35


12.1 Data sheets for specification of a anticorrosive coating system ............................. 35

12.2 Form for visual inspection .................................................................................................. 36

12.3 Form for thickness measurement ............................................................................. 36

12.4 Form for adherence test .......................................................................................... 37

12.5 Presentation of equivalent documents.......................................................................... 37


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0. INTRODUCTION

Pemex Exploration & Production major activities, include extraction, recollection, primary processing, storage,
measurement & transportation of hydrocarbons, activities that require design, construction, operation &
maintenance of the facilities, as well as acquisition of equipment & materials in order to efficiently comply the
companies objectives. Therefore, several engineering disciplines participation is necessary, and this involves
different criteria.

The problem of corrosion in offshore platforms, requires special attention in order to find the best solution, with
revision, analysis, specification and application of anticorrosive protection systems with latest technology that
withstand the highly corrosive conditions of the marine environment (acid-saline-corrosive) and extend the service
life of offshore facilities, minimizing hazards and failures that affect the safety of operative personnel, facilities &
environment, as well as in operation & maintenance costs.

In order to standardize criteria, take advantage of scattered and join results of Mexican & international research,
Pemex Exploration & Production (PEP) issues, through the Technical Standardization Sub-Committee, this
Reference Standard so it is used in the acquisition, preparation of surface, inspection and tests of the anticorrosive
coating systems for the protection of Pemex Exploration & Production (PEP) offshore superficial facilities.

This standardization document was prepared regarding:

PEMEX Law and its Regulation


Law of the National Hydrocarbons Commission
Federal Law on Metrology & Standardization (Ley Federal sobre Metrología y Normalización) and its Regulation.
Law of Public Works & Services Related Thereto (Ley Federal sobre Metrología y Normalización) and its Regulation.
Law of Acquisition, Leasing & Services of Public Institutions (Ley Federal sobre Metrología y Normalización) and its
Regulation. General Law of Ecology Balance & Protection of Environment (Ley General de Equilibrio Ecológico y la
Protección al Ambiente)and its Regulation.
PEMEX & Subsidiary Organizations Guide for Issuance of Reference Standards (CNPMOS-
001, September 30, 2004).

This standard was prepared by:


PEMEX- Corporative Operations Division. PEMEX- Exploration & Production.

Outer participants:

3M México S. A. de C. V.
Belzona-JR Consultores Industriales S. A. de C. V. Carboline
Consultores Integrados S. A de C. V. Corrosión, Agua y Energía, S. A. de C. V.
Desarrollos Químicos Mundiales S. A. de C. V. DuPont
General Paint S. A. de C. V.
Grupo Industrial ITME S. A. de C. V.
Grupo COMEX (Amercoat Mexicana, S.A. de C.V.) International Paint México
Mexican Petroleum Institute (Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo)
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Pinturas Hempel de México S. A. de C. V.


PPG Protective & Marine Coatings
Rubber Elastic S.A. de C.V.
Sherwin Williams Industrial & Marine Coatings
Stopaq, Consorcio Industrial GES Saltillo, S. A. de C. V.

1. OBJECTIVE

Set technical & documentary requirements to be fulfilled in the acquisition and/or contracts of services for the
application of anticorrosive coating systems at Pemex Exploration & Production´s offshore superficial facilities.

2. SCOPE

This Reference Standard sets the minimum requirements to be fulfilled for acquisition and specification,
preparation of the surface, application, inspection and tests of anticorrosive coating systems used for the protection
of Pemex Exploration & Production (PEP) offshore superficial facilities , which are exposed to extreme conditions
of marine environment (humid, saline & corrosive).

The specification of the anticorrosive coating system shall be done jointly with the areas of engineering,
construction & maintenance, as well as with the final user.

3. APPLICATION FIELD

This Reference Standard is for general application and mandatory in contracting services of anticorrosive coating
systems application for the protection of offshore platforms superficial facilities, performed at Pemex Exploration
& Production (PEP) worksites. Therefore it shall be included in the following contracting procedures: public bid,
restricted invitation to at least three parties, or sole source award, as part of the requirements to be fulfilled by the
supplier, contractor or bidder.

Besides, this Reference Standard is also of general application and mandatory in the acquisition of the materials
to integrate the anticorrosive coating systems used in the offshore superficial facilities and it´s application is done,
through the agreements for this kind of works under the direct management of PEMEX- Exploration & Production
(PEP).

4. UPDATES

This Reference Standard shall be revised and modified if appropriate, at least 5 years or before, if change
suggestions and recommendations worth it.
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Suggestions for the revision and updates of this Reference Standard shall be sent to the Secretary of Pemex
Exploration & Production´s Technical Standardization Sub-Committee, who shall schedule and perform the
updates in accordance to the relevance thereof, and if appropriate enter it in the PEMEX Yearly Schedule of
Standardization, through the PEMEX & Subsidiary Organizations Standardization Committee.

Change proposals and suggestions shall be prepared in form CNPMOS-001-A01 of the Guide for Issuance
of Reference Standards CNPMOS-001-A01, Rev. 1 of September 30, 2004 and it shall be addressed to:

Pemex-Exploración y Producción.
Subcomité Técnico de Normalización.
Representación de la Gerencia de Administración del Mantenimiento, Sede México
Bahía de Ballenas 5, Edificio “D”, PB., entrada por Bahía del Espíritu Santo s/n.
Col. Verónica Anzures, México D. F., C. P. 11 300
Phone No.: 1944-9286
Switcher: 1944-2500, extension 32690
Email: luis.ortiz@pemex.com

5. REFERENCES

5.1 NOM-008-SCFI-2002. General system of measurement units

5.2 NOM-003-SSA1-2006. Environmental Health. Sanitary requirements that labeling of paint, inks,
varnishes and enamel labeling shall meet.

5.2 ISO 2808:2007. Paints and varnishes — Determination of film thickness. (Pinturas y barnices –
Determinación del espesor de película)

5.3 ISO 2811-1:2011. Paints and varnishes – Determination of density – Part 1: Pyknometer method.
(Pinturas y barnices – Determinación de la densidad – Parte 1: Método de picnómetro)

5.4 ISO 3233:1998. Paints and varnishes - Determination of percentage volume of non-volatile matter by
measuring the density of a dried coating. (Pinturas y barnices – Determinación del porcentaje en volumen de la
materia no volátil por medición de la densidad de un recubrimiento seco)

5.5 ISO 3251:2008. Paints, varnishes and plastics – Determination of non-volatile–matter content (Pinturas,
barnices y plásticos – Determinación del contenido de materia no volátil)

5.6 ISO 8501-1:2007. Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related products -
Visual assessment of surface cleanliness - Part 1: Rust grades and preparation grades of uncoated steel
substrates and of steel substrates after overall removal of previous coatings. (Preparación de sustratos de
acero antes de la aplicación de recubrimientos y productos relacionados - Verificación visual de limpieza
superficial - Parte 1: Grados de oxidación y preparación de sustratos del acero sin recubrir y de sustratos de acero
después de eliminar todo el recubrimiento existente)

5.7 ISO 9223:2012. Corrosion of metals and alloys - Corrosivity of atmospheres – Classification,
determination and estimation (Corrosión de metales y aleaciones - Corrosividad de atmósferas – Clasificación,
determinación y estimación)
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5.8 ISO 11124-3:1993. Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related products –
Specifications for metallic blast-cleaning abrasives – Part 3: High-carbon cast-steel shot and grit (Preparación
de sustratos de acero antes de la aplicación de recubrimientos y productos relacionados – Especificaciones de
abrasivos metálicos para limpieza – Parte 3: Perdigón y granalla de fundición de acero de alto carbono)

5.9 ISO-11126-3-1993. Preparation of Steel Substrates Before Application of Paints and Related Products -
Specifications for Non- Metallic Blast-Cleaning Abrasives - Part 3: Copper Refinery Slag. (Preparación de
sustratos de acero antes de la aplicación de pinturas y productos relacionados -Especificaciones de abrasivos
no metálicos para limpieza a presión-Parte 3: Escoria de la refinación del cobre)

5.10 ISO 11126-4:1993. Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related products –
Specifications for non-metallic blast-cleaning abrasives – Part 4: Coal furnaceslag (Preparación de sustratos de
acero antes de la aplicación de recubrimientos y productos relacionados - Especificaciones de abrasivos no
metálicos para limpieza – Parte 4: Escoria de horno de coque)

5.11 ISO 11126-7:1995TC1:1999. Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related
products – Specifications for non-metallic blast-cleaning abrasives – Part 7: Fused aluminium oxide
(Preparación de sustratos de acero antes de la aplicación de recubrimientos y productos relacionados -
Especificaciones de abrasivos no metálicos para limpieza – Parte 7: Óxido de aluminio fundido)

5.12 ISO 11126-8:1993. Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related products –
Specifications for non-metallic blast-cleaning abrasives – Part 8: Olivines and (Preparación de sustratos de
acero antes de la aplicación de recubrimientos y productos relacionados - Especificaciones de abrasivos no
metálicos para limpieza – Parte 8: Arena de olivino)

5.13 ISO 11126-9:1999. Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related products –
Specifications for non-metallic blast-cleaning abrasives – Part 9: Staurolite (Preparación de sustratos de acero
antes de la aplicación de recubrimientos y productos relacionados - Especificaciones de abrasivos no metálicos
para limpieza – Parte 9: Estaurolita)

5.14 ISO 11126-10:2000. Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related products –
Specifications for non-metallic blast-cleaning abrasives – Part 10: Almanditegarnet (Preparación de sustratos de
acero antes de la aplicación de recubrimientos y productos relacionados - especificaciones de abrasivos no
metálicos para limpieza – Parte 10: Granate)

5.15 ISO-12944-1-1998. Paints and Varnishes – Corrosion Protection of Steel Structures by Protective Paint
Systems - Part 1: General Introduction – First Edition (Pinturas y barnices -Protección contra la corrosión de
estructuras de acero mediante Sistemas de protección de pintura-Parte 1: Introducción General- Primera edición).

5.16 ISO 12944-2:1998. Paints and varnishes — Corrosion protection of steel structures by protective paint
systems Part 2: Classification of environments (Pinturas y barnices – Protección contra la corrosión de estructuras
de acero con sistemas de protección de pintura – Parte 2: Clasificación de ambientes)

5.17 ISO 12944-5:2007. Paints and varnishes — Corrosion protection of steel structures by protective paint
systems Part 5: Protective paint systems (Pinturas y barnices – Protección contra la corrosión de estructuras de
acero con sistemas de protección de pintura – Parte 5: Sistemas de protección de pintura)

5.18 ISO 14713-1:2009. Zinc coatings - Guidelines and recommendations for the protection against
corrosion of iron and steel in structures - Part 1: General principles of design and corrosión resistance
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(Recubrimientos de zinc - Criterios y recomendaciones para la protección contra la corrosión del hierro y el
acero en estructuras - Parte 1: Principios generales de diseño y resistencia a la corrosión)

5.19 ISO 15711:2003. Paints and varnishes – Determination of resistance to cathodic disbonding of coating
sexposed to sea wáter (Pinturas y barnices – Determinación de la resistencia al desprendimiento catódico de
recubrimientos expuestos al agua de mar)

5.20 ISO 20340:2009. Paints and varnishes — Performance requirements for protective paint systems for
offshore and related structures (Pinturas y barnices – Requerimientos de desempeño para sistemas de protección
de pinturas para estructuras costa fuera)

5.21 NRF-009-PEMEX-2012. Identification of Non-mobile


facilities

5.22 NRF-032-PEMEX-2012. Piping systems in industrial facilities. Design & Specifications of piping
materials.

6. DEFINITIONS

The following definitions shall be applied in this Reference Standard:

6.1 Abrasive: Solid material in form of particle, used to carry out clean-up of a metallic or non-metallic surface,
which produces an anchorage profile when impacting a surface.

6.2 Finishing: Outer layer of a coating system, which provides additional resistance to protect primer and
intermediate coatings from environment and from chemical substances effects.

6.3 Environment: Atmospheric conditions that prevails around a component of a structure or facility.

6.4 Application specialist: Person with proven experience and capacity to perform works for application of
anticorrosive coating systems appointed by the Contractor.

6.5 Reinforcement coating: complementary coating for reinforcement of primer coating, which is applied on
areas with irregular surface where the minimum set forth thickness is not reached, such as in edges or structural
elements and welding.

6.6 Mill scale: Layer of rust, formed during hot fabrication or after thermal treatment of steel.

6.7 Compatibility: Physical-chemical property between two coatings, which don´t generate loose spots,
blisters, flake peels, etc., when applied in transition areas.

6.8 Volatile Organic Compounds (COV): Content of volatile and organic (solvent) compounds in percentage of
weight, which can cause effects on atmospheric ozone when released to the environment.

6.9 Contractor: Person that enters Contracts for Public Works or Services related thereto.
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6.10 Corrosion: Physical-chemical reaction between metal and environment which results in changes to metal
properties and which can often cause deterioration of the metal functions, the environment or in the system that
of which it is a component.

6.11 Corrosiveness: Value of the surrounding environment capacity to generate corrosion in a facility or
equipment.

6.12 Dry film thickness: Thickness of coating or coating system, applied on the surface of a substrate when this
has acquired its definitive properties.

6.13 Service expectation of anticorrosive protection systems: Period of time in years that passes before the first
maintenance to the coating system for anticorrosive protection of offshore platforms superficial facilities.

6.14 Equivalent standardization Document: Standardization document alternate to the one mentioned in the
Reference Standard, issued by a standardization entity and that can be used for the determination of technical
parameters and values of the good or service being specified, as long as it has the documentary evidences in
comparative manner, concept by concept, showing that the proposal requirements are fulfilled or exceeded, wih
the same technical and quality properties set forth in the original document of reference

6.15 Cleanness degrees: Cleanness condition that a surfaces reaches, prepared with any of the clean-up
methods set forth in standards and that can be determined by using a comparison pattern

6.16 Rust: Iron oxide produced by the corrosion of metal when it reacts with the surrounding environment

6.17 Corrosion inhibitor: Liquid substance that delays oxidizing on steel surface.

6.18 Inspection: Method for evaluation of a coating system, which can be visual or using equipment.

6.19 Inspector: Personnel appointed by the manufacturer; trained and qualified to perform the inspection works
before and after the application of anticorrosive coating systems, who shall verify compliance with this Reference
Standard.

6.20 Bonding coating: Coatings that protects primer coating and bonds it with finishing coating.

6.21 Blast clean-up: Surface preparation method by blowing abrasive material on a metallic or non-metallic
substrate using pressurized air.

6.22 Anchorage profile: Depth and shape of the rugosity for applying primer coating, obtained after preparing
the surface of a material with abrasive blasting.

6.23 Pigment: Particles of finely milled particles with natural and synthetic origin, non-soluble, which when
dispersed in a liquid carrier forms an homogeneous mix, and that when applied, generates a film on the substrate
that besides color provides opacity, brightness, hardness, durability, resistance to wear and corrosion, etc.
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6.24 Paint: Pigment finely divided in a solution of resin, additives and diluents

6.25 Percentage of solids in volume: Portion of a coating that remains after its application as part of the dry film,
stated in percent of volume.

6.26 Surface preparation: Create anchorage profile reaching the cleanness degree by eliminating visible and
non-visible pollutants from the surface of the equipment or material to be protected with a clean-up method.

6.27 Primer: First coating with the main function of adhering to metallic substrate, inhibiting corrosion.

6.28 Aging test: Procedure designed to accelerate aging of coating system, this is, reduce the efficiency of
protection against corrosion more quickly that the natural outdoors action.

6.29 Dew point: Temperature to which the moisture or water saturates room air and condensation begins on
the steel surface

6.30 Anticorrosive coating: Substance applied on the surface with metal, in order to make a barrier to protect it
from environment and prevent corrosion.

6.31 Helideck floor: Area of an offshore platform, which requires an anti-slip surface with high resistance to
abrasion and impact in an ISO C5-M environment.

6.32 Requirements: Parameters, values or characteristics that result from test to be fulfilled by a coating system
in order to asses it for corrosion protection service.

6.33 Anticorrosive coating system: Set or two or more coating layers, such as primer, bonding and/or finishing,
applied to a metallic substrate in order to make a protective barrier.

6.34 Substrate: Surface of base material on which the primer coating layer of the anticorrosive coating system
is applied.

6.35 Atmospheric zone: Part of the steel structure of an offshore platform, which goes from the first level to the
last level thereof.

6.36 Splash zone: Part of a steel structure between the mean sea level and the first deck of the offshore
platforms, such as: structure legs, bracings, boat landings, walk-ways, stairways, where there are high
condensations and variations of tide and surge.

6.37 Underwater zone: Part of the steel structure of an offshore platform immerse in the sea, which goes from
the mean sea level to the seabed.

7. ABBREVIATIONS

ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials (Sociedad Americana de Pruebas y Materiales)

ISO International Organization for Standardization (Organización Internacional de Normalización)


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LFMN Ley Federal de Metrología y Normalización

NACE National Association of Corrosion Engineers (Asociación Nacional de Ingenieros en Corrosión)

NOM Mexican Official Standard

NPM Mean Sea Level

PEP Pemex Exploration & Production

SSPC Society for Protective Coatings (Sociedad para Recubrimientos Protectores)

UV Ultraviolet

VOC (COV) Volatile Organic Compound (Compuesto Orgánico Volátil)

8. DEVELOPMENT

This chapter sets the technical requirements that the supplier or contractor shall comply in the stages of
acquisition, surface preparation, application, inspection and tests of the anticorrosive coating systems to be used
for corrosion protection of PEP´s non-buried offshore facilities, in accordance to the extreme service conditions of
marine environment (humid, saline & corrosive) and its application PEP´s non-buried offshore facilities.

In the specification for acquisition and application of the anticorrosive coating systems, use the data sheet of Annex
12.1 of this Reference Standard.

8.1 Design conditions

Anticorrosive coating systems set forth in this Reference Standard shall be used in maintenance and new work
activities for protection against corrosion of PEP´s non-buried offshore facilities.

Besides, before the application of coating, identify the conditions of the surface of the substrate that will be
protected; this is, if the coating system will be applied on new steel prepared with blast, or if it is coating aged by
environment, in this case, it shall be determined if the existing coating system requires service before maintenance,
and in this case, determine the cleanness degree and coating system to use, to further carry out compatibility test,
to determine the kind of clean-up and coating system to use. In case aged coating system shall be removed,
determine the clean-up method, to avoid affecting nearby facilities and environment

8.1.1 Corrosiveness categories and


degrees

8.1.1.1 In atmospheric zones and


environments

anticorrosive coating systems shall be used in function of the corrosiveness categories and degrees set forth in
table 1 of this Reference Standard, in compliance with requirements of ISO 12944-2, ISO 9223 and ISO 14713-1
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Category Corrosiveness degrees

C5-M Very high (marine)


Immersion in sea water for splash
Im2
zone

Table 1. Corrosiveness categories and degrees in atmospheric environments

8.1.2 Anticorrosive coating systems

8.1.2.1 Table 2 of this Reference Standard sets the anticorrosive coating systems, their application,
among others and the kind of work, which shall be used for the protection of PEP´s non-buried offshore
facilities

Kind of work
No. Systems Maintena New Application
nce work .....................
1 Elastomeric miento nueva .....................
+ .....................
Acrylic encapsulated (water base for dry For encapsulation.....................
of flanges, studs and valves
surfaces) or epoxy (for wet surfaces) APPLICA .....................
APPLICA and annulus spaces of tank bases
+ BLE BLE .....................
Polyurethane finishing .....Applicati
on

On piping and high temperature process units,


Hybrid polymer for high temperature
2 APPLICA APPLICA boilers, flares, chimneys and exhaust pipes.
surfaces
BLE BLE
In process piping in operation with presence of
Epoxy for application on wet surfaces outer condensation (wet
3 APPLICA APPLICA
piping), gas regulation and well downstream
BLE BLE
pipes
Self-priming multifunctional epoxy with
high thickness
4 APPLICA APPLICA On process piping & equipment, metallic
+
BLE BLE structures, handrails and stairways and lower
Acrylic polysiloxane
structures of helidecks, includes edges, outer
Self-priming multifunctional epoxy with
housing and floating roofs of storage tanks
high thickness
5 APPLICA APPLICA
+Polyuretha
BLE BLE
ne
Offshore platforms boat landings, wet piping under
Fully amorphous polymeric, self-repairing, external condensation and dry piping, gas
6 viscose-elastic tapes (with white color APPLICA APPLICA regulation packages and well downstream pipes,
mechanic protection) BLE BLE metallic structures in splash and seawater
immersion zones

Capsulation of flanged joints nuts and fasten


studs, as well as in separators metallic structures,
7 Zinc tapes (cold lamination) APPLICA APPLICA connections, fittings, structures edges.
BLE BLE

Table 2. anticorrosive coating systems


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Kind of work
No. Systems Maintena New Application
nce work .....................
Zinc rich epoxy .....................
+ .....................
8 High solids epoxy APPLICA APPLICA .....................
Polysiloxane BLE BLE .....................
Outside of vessels,.....................
structural steel and on-deck
Zinc rich epoxy piping .....Applicati
+ on
9 High solids epoxy APPLICA APPLICA
+Polyuretha BLE BLE
ne
Quartz-reinforced epoxy
10 +Polyuretha APPLICA APPLICA Flight control rooms floors
ne BLE BLE
Epoxy
+
Flexible elastomer
11 + APPLICA APPLICA Surface of the helidecks
Anti-slip epoxy BLE BLE
+Polyureth
ane
Epoxy primer
+
Epoxy
+
Aluminum oxide reinforcement Surface of helidecks that don´t have operation
polyurethane suspension for repairs, since it allows landing
12 + APPLICA APPLICA
during process
Epoxy seal BLE BLE
+
Anti-slip layer
+
Polyurethane finishing
For encapsulation of flanges, studs-
Thermoplastic resin with solvent- nuts, valves, piping of existing facilities in
13 free/corrosion inhibitor mineral oil APPLICA APPLICA environment with no humidity As well as protection
(removable and reusable). BLE BLE for machinery and stored components

Structures, steel floors, boat landings of offshore


platforms, bridges, humid piping under
Two-component self-priming epoxy condensation, gas regulation packages and wells
14 APPLICA APPLICA
resin downstream pipes, metallic structures in splash
BLE BLE
and seawater immersed zones

Zinc inorganic
+
For bottom, roof and inner housing of sour crude
Epoxy with phenalkamine resins
oil storage tanks, reclaimed oil with traces of
15 + APPLICA APPLICA
water, diesel and other derivatives from oil
Glass-reinforced epoxy (in fiber, flakes or BLE BLE
mesh)
+
Two-component phenolic
Table 2. Anticorrosive coating systems (continued)
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Kind of work
No. Systems Maintena New Application
nce work .....................
Zinc inorganic .....................
For bottom and inner housing of crude oil storage
16 + APPLICA APPLICA tanks, reclaimed oil.....................
Phenolic epoxy with amines BLE BLE diesel .....................
Dough degree metallic polimer, with silicon .....................
For process equipment & piping, metallic
17 or phosphorus steell alloy with APPLICA APPLICA .....................
structures, handrails and stairways, boat
reactive oligomers BLE BLE landings, .....Applicati
includes
For process equipment on
edges & piping, metallic
18 Liquid rubber polymer APPLICA APPLICA structures, handrails and stairways, boat
BLE BLE landings,
Two/three-component 100% solid includes edges
For protection between piping and supports, weld
19 epoxy, for splash zone. APPLICA APPLICA
beads
BLE BLE
For protection of the annulus between faces
of flanges, tank bases between the joint of the
20 Malleable solid rubber polymer dough APPLICA APPLICA
housing and wet process pipelines
BLE BLE
100% solids epoxy for potable water For inner protection of potable water
21 APPLICA APPLICA
immersion service tanks
BLE BLE

Table 2. Anticorrosive coating systems (continued)

8.1.2.2 Coating systems for splash zones comprehends immersed- 3,048 m (-10 ft) and +4,572 m (15 ft) in
atmospheric zone, from immersed and atmospheric MSL zone, apply and cure in immersion

8.1.2.3 Service expectation of anticorrosive coating systems shall be greater than 10 years in accordance to
atmospheric environment C5M or Im2, in accordance to the corrosion categories classification set forth in ISO
12944-2 1998

8.1.2.4 Zinc-rich primer coatings shall have at least 85% of dry film

The minimum content of 85% zinc of dry film shall be determined with the evaluation method ASTM D6580 00
(2009)

8.2 Specifications of the Coating Systems

8.2.1 Parameters

Anticorrosive coating systems for maintenance and new work activities, shall give anticorrosive protection in
exposure conditions under the following parameters, when applicable:

8.2.1.1 For maintenance

a) Type of environment
b) Maximum operation temperature of the equipment, piping and storage tanks systems Physical accessibility to the
structure, equipment or piping systems
d) Room temperature during application e) Physical & geographic location
f) Type and condition of existing coating
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g) Cleanness degree and anchorage profile required in the preparation of surface h)


Time for application of the different layers of the coating system
i) High & low superficial temperatures in piping and thermal cycle of the process j) Complexity of the
application equipment and availability of trained personnel
k) Physical-chemical compatibility among the existing coatings and the new coating to be applied in the transition
or overlap areas
L) Superficial temperature of piping (humid piping, high & low temperatures, etc.).
m) Piping movement of expansion, contraction, water hammer or vibration, etc. n) Piping
diameter.
o) Toxicity of anticorrosive coatings
p) Resistance to UV and to outdoors in interface zones. q) Length or area to coat
r) Environmental compatibility in relation to VOC content and formulas with heavy metals.

8.2.1.2 For new work

a) Type of environment
b) Maximum operation temperature of the equipment, piping and thermal cycle systems
c) Physical and geographic location
d) Accessibility.
e) Structure, equipment or piping systems installation methods.
f) Method for repairing damages to the anticorrosive protection system during handling, shipment, storage,
installation, and service start-up.
g) Cleanness degree and anchorage profile required in the preparation of surface
h) Procedures for fabrication & installation and coating of joints and field repairs.
i) Permeability to humidity and its relation with the temperature.
j) Required adherence between the coating and base metal
k) Susceptibility to mechanic loosening or deterioration of the coating system, when applicable
l) Resistance to aging, fragility and cracking.
m) Method for repair of the coating system when applicable.
n) Environmental compatibility, damages to health during application, fabrication/installation and operation.
Application of coating (in plant or field)

8.2.2 Specification in accordance to the maximum operation temperature

They shall be specified in accordance to the maximum operation temperature that they shall withstand, as
shown in table 3, of this Reference Standard

Besides, coating systems for maintenance that require to be applied when the equipment or piping are in operation,
shall be applied at the operation temperatures set forth in table 4 of this Reference Standard

Temperature ranges (ºC) Systems


-50 to 120 1 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 12
121 to 400 9 or 10 or 11 or 13 or 14 or 15 or 16 or 17 or 18 or 19 or
Bigger than 400 20 or 21 2

* In order to obtain specific temperature ranges for application of the coating systems of this table 3 refer to table
4 of this Reference Standard; as well as, for the operation temperature ranges of piping systems of offshore industrial facilities, refer to NRF-
032-PEMEX-2012, and to the operation temperatures of the own units and
piping systems of each facility

Table 3. Operation temperature ranges


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8.3 Application methods & characteristics

8.3.1 Table 4 of this Reference Standard, set the characteristics and application methods to be met by the
anticorrosive coating systems

Time Total
for drying Percentage of thickness
between solids in Dry film of the Application
thickness Operation temperature
profile μm layers, volume system μm Temperature
(mil) minimum (minimum) Application per layer (mil) ISO range
No. Anchorage μm (mil) range (°C)
System and method 12944-5
maximum
(C5M &
@ 25° C
Im2)

Elastomeric
100%
+
+
Acrylic
0 – 3 days 60 % 2500 – 6000
encapsulated
37.5- + (acrylic (100 - 236)
1 +
62.5 15 min – 7 encapsula
Polyurethan 2500-6450
(1.5-2.5) days ted) spray + -29° to 82° 5° to 50°
e finishing (100-284)
when + or 375 (15)
applicabl 6 hrs. - 100% +
e Extended (epoxy) 75 (3)
+
55%

37.5- By hand,
Hybrid polymer
62.5 Conventiona
for high 15 min - 57% - 100 – 200 100 – 200 4°C to 316
2 (1.5-2.5) l Spray or -10° to 600 °C
temperature Extended 100% (4 - 8) (4 - 8) °C
when airless
surfaces
applicabl equipment
e
37.5-
Epoxy for
62.5 By
application 1 hr. - 7 85 % - 150 - 1000 150 - 1000 -20 °C to -7°C to
3 (1.5-2.5) hand,
on wet days 100% (6 - 40) (6 - 40) 120°C 50° C
when Airless
surfaces
applicabl equipm
e ent
High thickness,
self-priming, 37.5- 5 hrs. –7 85% - 250 – 1000
By hand, 300 –
multifunctional 62.5 days 90% (10 – 40)
Spray or 1100 (12 2°C to
4 epoxy (1.5-2.5) + + + -4°C to 120°C
airless – 44) 50°C
Polysiloxane when 4 hrs. - 72% - 50 – 100
equipment
Acrylic applica Extended 100% (2-4)
ble

High thickness, Convention


37.5- 2 hrs. –5 80%- 250 – 1000
self-priming, al
62.5 days 100% (10 - 40)
multifunctional spray/Airles 290-1075 -20°C to 2 °C to
5 (1.5-2.5) + + +
epoxy s (11.5-43) 120°C 50 °C
when 30 min - 65%- 40-75
+Polyuretha equipment,
applica Extended 100% (1.5-3)
ne brush or
ble
roller

Table 4 Application methods & characteristics


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Time Total
for Percentag thicknes
drying e of solids Dry film s of the Application
thicknes Operation temperature
profile between in volume system Temperatur
μm (mil) layers, (minimum) Application s per μm (mil) range
No. Anchorage layer e range (°C)
System minimum method ISO
and μm (mil)
12944-5
maximu
(C5M &
m
Im2)
@ 25° C
6. Fully N/A N/A 100% Hand tool 1800-2200 2300-2755 -45°C a 90°C 5°C a 70°C
amorphous (71-87) (91-109)
polymer +
tapes, self- 500-555
repaired, (20-22)
viscous-
elastic (with
white color
mechanical
protection)
7. Zinc Tapes N/A Adhesive 100% Hand tool 80 (3.15) 105 (4.15) -50°C to 8°C to
(Cold 48 hrs. to y 80°C 30°C
lamination). 96 25 (1)
hrs. (adhesive)
8. Zinc-rich 37.5-62.5 4 hrs. –3 65%-70% Air/airless spray, roller 75-100 225-375 -20 °C to 10 °C to
epoxy (1.5-2.5) months + and brush (3-4) (9-15) 120 50 °
+ when + 72%- + °C
High-solid applicabl 5 hrs. – 100% 150-200
epoxy e Extended + (6-8)
+ + 70%-90% +
Polysiloxane 6 hrs. – 2 75 (3)
years
9. Zinc-rich 37.5-62.5 3 hrs. – 65%-70% Conventional 75 - 100 265-500 -20°C to 170 2 °C to 52
epoxy (1.5-2.5) Extended + spray/ (3 - 4) (10.5-20) °C °C
+ when + 72%- airless +
High-solid applicabl 5 hrs. – 100% equipment/Brus 150–300
epoxy e Extended + h /Rodillo (6-12)
+ + 65%-90% +
Polyurethane 30 min - 40-100
. Extended (1.5-4)
10. Quartz- 37.5-62.5 1 hr. - 30 71% - Hand tool / 3000 - 6000 3075 - 5°C to
reinforced (1.5-2.5) days 100% Conventional (120 - 240) 6250 (123 - 250) 50°C
epoxy when + + spray / airless + 250) -20°C to
+ applicabl 2 hrs. - 65%-76% equipment 75-250 400°C
Polyurethane e Extended (3-10)
11. Epoxy 37.5-50 4 hrs. – 72 71%- Hand tool, 62.5-125 1237.5- -29°C to 5°C to
+ (1.5-2.0), hrs. 100% Conventional (2.5-5) 5037 400°C 50°C
Flexible when + + spray, airless + (48.5-200))
elastomer applicabl 8 hrs. - 24 70% - equipment 1100 - 3000
+ e hrs. 100% (43 - 120)
Anti-slip + + +
epoxy 6 hrs. - 70% - 75() -1837
+ Extended 100% (3-72)
Polyurethane + +
. 65%-70% 75 (3)

Table 4 Characteristics and application methods (continued)


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Total
drying
total of
time Solids in Dry film Applicatio
the Operation
profile between volume thicknes n
Applicatio system Temperature
No. Anchorage μm (mil) layers, percentage s per temperatur
n method μm (mil) range
System minimum (minimum) layer e range
ISO 12944-
and ISO 3233 μm (mil) (°C)
5 (C5M
maximum:
&
@
Epoxy primer Im2) 10 °C to 60 °C 10 °C to
4°C h
4-12 - 78%-82% Roller 150-200 (6-8)
Epoxy 316 50
+ °C
Polyurethane 1-2 h 95%-100% Roller 100-150 (4-6)
bond layer with 37.5-62.5
Puller with
aluminum oxide (1.5-2.5)
fixtures 3 000-4 000
+ 3-6 h 95%-100%
toothed (120-160) 4 500-6
Epoxy seal when
12 trowel 650 (180-
+ Anti-slip applicable
266)
layer 4 h-7 days 64%-68% Roller 175-200 (7-8)
+
Polyurethan 1 000-2 000
6 h–7 days 64%-68% Roller
e finishing (40-80)

6-12 h 65%-70% Roller 75-100 (3-4)

Thermoplastic 37.5-50 160°C to


resin with (1.5-2.0) -15°C to 180°C 175°C
when 2000 (80)
solvent- With gun
1st. layer
free/corrosion applicabl (hot liquid
13 2 min 100% + 4000 (160)
inhibitor mineral e application)
2000 (80)
oil (removable
2nd
and reusable).
layer

By 200-400 10°C to 200°C 10°C to


Two- 37.5-50 hand, (8-16) 20°C
component self- (1.5-2.0) 400-800
14 15 - 90 100% Roller +
priming epoxy when (16-32)
underwater 200-400
resin applicabl & airless (8-16)
e brush -10°C to 400°C 10°C to
epoxy 62.5-100
2 hrs. - 50°C
Zinc (2.5-4)
37.5-50 Extended
+ +
(1.5-2.0), + 62%-65%
epoxy with 100 - 200
12 – 28 +
resins (4 - 8)
days 80%-100% Airless & 1462.5-
phenalkamine when or Calk
15 + + Hand 2300
+ applicabl +
12 hrs. –28 80%-100% tool (58.5-92)
Epoxy with fiber e 1000-1400
days +
glass (40 - 56)
+ 80%-100%
+ +
12 hrs. –28
Two-component 300-600
days
phenolic (12-24)
inorganic d 4 hrs. - Conventio 62.5-100 0°C to 400°C 10°C to
when
Zinc Extended 62%-65% nal or (2.5-4) + 52°C
applicabl 262.5-2100
16 + + + airless + 10 °C to 150°C
e (12.5-84)
Phenolic epoxy 1 hr. – 24 60%-100% and hand tool 250-2000
with amines hrs. spray (10-80)

Table 4 Characteristics and application methods (continued)


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Total
drying
total of
time Solids in Dry film Applicatio
the Operation
profile between volume thicknes n
Applicatio system Temperature
No. Anchorage μm (mil) layers, percentage s per temperatur
n method μm (mil) range
System minimum (minimum) layer e range
ISO 12944-
and ISO 3233 μm (mil) (°C)
5 (C5M
maximum:
&
@
metallic Im2)
37.5-62.5 4°C -
polymer, 316 With
(1.5-2.5)
dough conventional
when 75-12000 75 –12000 5°C a
17 degree, with 0 – 2 hrs. 100 % or airless and 41°C to 175°C
applicable (3- 472) (3 - 472) 50°C
silicon or hand tool
phosphorus with spray
reactive
oligometers 37.5-62.5 hand tool
Liquid rubber (1.5-2.5) 30 min w/brush, 100 400 -60 °C -60 °C
18 70 ± 2 %
polymer when maximu roller or (4) (16) to 180 °C a 120 °C
applica m gun
100% solids ble Conventional
37.5-62.5
epoxy spray
3 hrs. - 120 250 - 6000 250 - 6000 -20°C to 10 °C a 60
19 with two or three (1.5-2.5) 98%-100% / airless
when hrs. (10 - 240) (10 - 240) 150°C °C
components for equipme
applicable 20
splash zone nt
37.5-62.5 spray
Malleable solid Not always
(1.5-2.5) Hand tool -60 °C -60 °C
20 rubber polymer applicable 100% Non- Non-
when applicati - 180 °C to 120 °C
dough degree applicable applicable
applica on
malleable
100% solids ble 5°C to
37.5-62.5
epoxy 50°C
21 for service of (1.5-2.5) 2 hrs. –20 100 %
Hand tool & 250 – 625 300 – 625 -10°C to
when days Airless (10 – 25) (12 – 25) 150°C
immersion in
potable water applicable

Note: After the application of the primer coating on irregular areas where non-coated edges can happen, a reinforcement layer shall be applied
with coating compatible to the applied primer

Table 4 Characteristics and application methods (continued)

8.3.2 Primer, intermediate and finishing for anticorrosive coating systems, shall be characterized and
identified through IR spectrum in accordance with ASTM D2621 method or equivalent, for quality control
by comparison against the IR reference spectrum by manufacturer´s component or mixture.

The initial spectrogram of the sample with certification shall be compared against the ones obtained from the
different batches, previously stating the kind of solvents in order to prevent interferences. For acceptance of the
new batch, the spectrograms shall have the same functional groups and the main peaks in the same wave number,
otherwise, the batch shall be rejected.

8.4 Preparation of the surface

8.4.1 Pre-clean-up of surface

Before the process of surface preparation, this shall be free from any pollution by oil or grease, therefor in
necessary case, apply a treatment with a degreasing biodegradable solution
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in order to eliminate the existent pollutant, later, perform the removal of oxide incrustations, superficial
imperfections such as splints, scales, weld flux, etc. and after this flushing with potable water shall be done, in
accordance with the previsions of SSPC-SP 1 or equivalent

8.4.2 Corrosion degrees and oxidation conditions before the preparation of the surface

Before performing clean-up and preparation of the metallic surface to protect, evaluate the degree of surface
corrosion, in accordance to the oxidation conditions listed in table 5, in accordance with ISO-8501-1, SSPC-VIS
1, SSPC-VIS 2, SSPC-VIS 3 or equivalent and to the selected anticorrosive coating system.

Corrosion
Oxidation conditions
degrees

Metallic surface, greatly covered with adhered lamination scales, but with no or very few oxide
A

Metallic surface with incipient oxide, in which the lamination scales or flakes begin
B
to exfoliate

Metallic surface with lamination scales has gone due to oxide, or that can be eliminated by scrapping,
C
but with some visible pocks

Steel surface with mill scales has gone due to oxide action and which has numerous visible pocks
D

Steel surface with coating system, slightly decolorized system applied on a blast-treated surface; almost
E
intact.

Steel surface with coating system, with application zinc base primer on a blast-treated surface; slightly
F
aged system, the most of it intact.

Coating system applied on a surface of steel with small scales


G
but clean, strongly weathered system, blistered and decolorized.

Paint system applied on a steel surface, fully weathered paint system, blistered, decolorized and with
H
loosening or layers.

Table 5. Corrosion degrees and oxidation of metallic surface

8.4.3 Surface clean-up degrees

Table 6 set blast treatment degrees to be applied to the metallic surface in accordance to the evaluation of surface
and the own characteristics of each coating system.
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Cleannes Degree ISO


Visual description
s degree 8501-1

After the surface has been examined, this shall be free from visible oil, grease and
Burst B
pollutants, as well as mill scale, oxide and paint layer.

After the surface has been examined, this shall be free from visible oil, grease and
Commercial Sa 2 pollutants, as well as mill scale, oxide and paint layer.

After the surface has been examined, this shall be free from visible oil, grease and
Near to
Sa 2½ pollutants, as well as mill scale, oxide and paint layer.
white metal

After the surface has been examined, this shall be free from visible oil, grease and
White metal Sa 3 pollutants, as well as mill scale, oxide and paint layer and foreign material. The surface
shall have homogeneous metallic color.

Table 6. Cleanness degree (blast)

Table 7 sets the cleanness degree with hand tool to be applied to the metallic surface in accordance with the
visual evaluation and to the selected anticorrosive coating system.

Cleannes Degree ISO


Visual description
s degree 8501-1
After the surface has been examined, this shall be free from visible oil, grease
Intense hand
St 2 and dirt as well as mill scales, oxide, layers or paint and foreign materials that
tool or
have poor adherence.
mechanical
Thorough Same that St 2 but the surface shall be treated more intensely to provide
St 3
hand tool or metallic shine from the metallic surface.
mechanic

Table 7. Cleanness degrees (with hand tool)

8.4.4 Preparation of surface before the application of the coating system

Cleanness degree required by PEP, it shall be to white metal or Sa3.

When due to difficulties caused by operative restrictions in any specific area or facility, where it is not possible to
obtain white metal or Sa3 cleanness, an evaluation shall be done to determine the cleanness degree that can be
done, different than it, which can be set forth from the contracting procedure basis.

The visual evaluation of surfaces, test for evaluation of the clean-up of the surfaces, the rugosity characteristics
of the surface with blast clean-up of the metallic substrate, shall comply with ISO 8501, ISO 8502, ISO 8503 & ISO
8504 respectively.

Clean-up methods to be used are the ones set forth in table 8 of this NRF, among other methods, which shall be
set forth in standardization technical documents.

Table 8 sets the metallic surface preparation degree to be fulfilled before the application of the coating system,
depending the selected clean-up method.
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Degree
Method
ISO 8501-1 SSPC NACE
Sa 3 SP 5 No.
Sa 2½ SP 10 Elastom
No. 2
Blast clean-up eric
Sa 2 SP 2 No. 3
B SP 7 No. 4
Clean-up with solvents SP 1
Clean-up with power tool St 2 or 3 SP 3
Clean-up to bare metal with power tool SP 11
High-pressure & ultra-high-pressure water jet
Sa 3
WJ-1 Cleanness to bare substrate SP 5 No. 1
Sa 2½
WJ-2 Very or considerable cleanness Sa 2 SP 10 No. 2
SP 6 No. 3
-WJ-3 Deep cleanness B SP 7 No. 4
-WJ-4 Light cleanness
Sa 2½
Clean-up with humid abrasive blast Sa 2 TR 2 E6G198
B
Note: When the clean-up method is humid abrasive blast and high/ultra-high pressure waterjet, before applying the
coating, all the surface shall be treated in accordance to NACE/SSPC- DWAB-10.SC-2 or cleanness equivalent

Table 8. Surface preparation degrees

In order to produce the required anchorage the abrasives set forth in Table 9 shall be selected, which shall be dry,
clean, free from pollutants and graduated in accordance with the corresponding ISO 11124-3 & ISO 11126.

Type Name Characteristics Standard


Metallic Steel shot 0.8 - 1.2 % carbon ISO 11124-3
Olivine Magnesium/iron silicate ISO 11126-8

Natural, Staurolite Aluminum iron/silicate ISO 11126-9


mineral Specular hematite crystalline Fe2O3
Garnet Iron & calcium silicate ISO 11126-10
Foundry slag Aluminum silicate ISO 11126-4
Aluminum oxide Corundum crystal ISO 11126-7
Synthetic,
mineral Copper smelting slag Iron silicate ISO 11126-3
Polyurethane elastomer with Sponged jet with aluminum oxide granules with
ISO 11126-7
mineral abrasive (sponge jet) abrasive agent

Table 9. Type of Abrasives

In areas where the operation of dynamic units of PEP offshore facilities can be affected and it is required to develop
activities of preparation of metallic surfaces for the application of the anticorrosive protection system, the use of
silicon sand shall be restricted.
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8.5 Application

8.5.1 Qualification of personnel

The application of the anticorrosive coating system shall be done by an application specialist defined by the
contractor and endorsed by the anticorrosive coating manufacturer, which shall be supervised by an inspector
defined by the contractor

8.5.2 Preparation of the coating systems

In accordance with each system for the new works tasks and maintenance tasks where Sa3 is required, use
primers, bonding layers and/or finishing layers of the same manufacturers and supply original containers or
vessels, closed and labeled in accordance with its content

Manufacturer´s brochure shall include all the necessary information for the preparation and application of each
coating for anticorrosive coating systems.

Before preparing the coatings of the anticorrosive coating systems, verify that the own materials are not expired.

During the application of the coating systems, verify that the temperature of the substrate is at least 3 °C (5 °F)
above the dew point temperature, excepting the systems for immersion application and tolerant to humidity.
The maximum relative humidity in order to apply the coatings of the anticorrosive coating systems shall be 85
percent.

In maintenance works use coating systems compatible with the existing coating in accordance with ASTM D5064
or equivalent.

Before and during the application, the following shall be


verified:

 The preparation of the coatings shall be done in accordance with the brochure of each one of the coatings
system, issued by the manufacturer.
 Primer coating shall fully cover the anchorage profile of the surface set forth in table 4 and all the metallic
surface.
 Film thickness shall be measured in accordance with the methods set forth in ISO 2808.
 The application specialist shall perform frequent measurement of the wet film thickness in order to ensure
that the dry film thickness set forth in this Reference Standard is achieved.

All the coatings shall be applied in accordance to the previsions of the brochure.

8.5.3 Measurement of thicknesses in dry film.

The Contractor shall inform the thicknesses of wet film during the application of the coatings for the anticorrosive
coating systems, in accordance to the requirements of the ASTM D-4414-95 or equivalent.

8.6 Inspection

The inspection shall be done during the following stages: preparation of the surface (anchorage profile and
cleanness degree) and application of each coating layer that integrate the anticorrosive
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coating system (visual inspection), measurement of thicknesses, adherence and detection of failures or pinholes
with electric conductivity to all the area where anticorrosive coating was applied, also they shall meet the
requirements and test methods of 8.7.1 of this Reference Standard

During the preparation and application of the coatings of the anticorrosive protection system, all the layers that
integrate the coating system shall be inspected, as applicable for primer, bond layer and finishing. Such inspection
shall be done by an inspector defined by the contractor and a witness sample shall be requested at the beginning
of the application under the supervision of the manufacturer.

8.6.1 Inspection equipment & instruments

The measurement for inspection shall be done following the equipment instructions manual. All the measurement
instruments and test equipment shall be calibrated and shall have a valid calibration certificate, issued by a
laboratory certified under LFMN requirements.

8.6.2 Coating systems inspection results records

The Contractor shall deliver inspection records at least once a week, providing details of the environmental
conditions, temperature of the metallic surface, clean-up and preparation, thicknesses of wet layer, thicknesses of
dry film, inspected and accepted/rejected or repaired areas, as well as the physical progress of the work scheduled
approved by PEP

8.6.3 Appearance of the coating

After the application of a coating or coating system, these shall be free from defects set forth in Table 10, among
others, which can directly affect the performance of the system

In case of any defect, the coating or coating system of the affected area shall be replaced

Description Cause

Runoff Also called curtained, Nozzle very close from the substrate, too much thinner, too much
excessive coating flow. coating or too smooth or shinny surface.

Too viscous coating, nozzle very near to the surface, quick


Orange skin, peaks and valleys of surface, orange
evaporation of solvent, low air pressure, inappropriate atomizing.
skin alike.

Fisheye Separation or stretching of wet coating film,


Application on oil, dust, silicon or incompatible
which leaves lower film or substrate uncovered.
coating.

Pinholes Small and deep holes exposing the Insufficient and inadequate atomization of the coating,
substrate. poorly incorporated pigment or pollutant of the coating.

Moderately dry coating particles deposited on surface.


Excessive-spray

Table 10 Typical application defects


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8.7 Tests

8.7.1 Tests methods & requirements

Table 11 sets laboratory tests, test methods, requirements and performance that the anticorrosive coating
systems shall comply.

All the tests set forth in this Reference Standard shall be done by a laboratory certified under the terms of the
LFMN.
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Cyclical test
(ISO 20340)
4 200 exposure hours (Table Flexibility at
5 requirement and test Edge Loosening
No. Anchora low
method of Annex A of ISO retention Cathodic
ge temperatures
System 20340)
C5M Im2
Elastomeric
+ APPLICAB
Acrylic encapsulated (water base for dry surfaces) or epoxy LE (except
El Non- Non-applicable
encapsulated (for wet surfaces) adhesion
a applicable
+ test)
st
Polyurethane finishing
o
m Hybrid polymer for high temperature surfaces Test
2
er methods of Sect. 9 of NACE TM0304 / Sect. Non- Non- Non-applicable
ic 9 of NACE TM0404 or equiv. applicable applicable
Epoxy for application on wet surfaces
3 APPLICABL APPLICABL Test methods of Non-applicable
20340 test is applicable, except the lime test E E Sect. 8 of NACE Test methods of
High thickness, self-priming, multifunctional epoxy TM0304 / Sect. 8 of ASTMD-522/D-
4 + APPLICABL Non- NACE TM0404 or 2136 or equiv. Non-applicable
Acrylic polysiloxane E applicable equiv.

High thickness, self-priming, multifunctional epoxy


5 +Polyuretha APPLICABL Non- Non-applicable
ne E applicable
4 200 exposure hours
of Table 5 of ISO
Fully amorphous polymeric, self-repairing, viscous-elastic 20340:2009, Test
6 tapes (with white color mechanic protection) APPLICABL APPLICABL methods of Method A of
E E ISO 15711:2003

See note 2 at page footer

Table Test, test methods and requirements (continued)


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Cyclical test
(ISO 20340)
4 200 exposure hours (Table Flexibility at
5 requirement and test Edge Cathodic
No. Anchora low
method of Annex A of ISO retention Loosening
ge temperatures
System 20340)
C5M Im2

7 Zinc tapes (cold lamination) APPLICABL Non- Non-applicable


E applicable

Zinc rich epoxy


+
8 High solids epoxy APPLICABL Non- Non-applicable
Polysiloxane E applicable

Zinc rich epoxy


+ Test methods of
9 High solids epoxy APPLICABL Non- Sect. 8 of NACE Test methods of Non-applicable
+Polyureth E applicable TM0304 / Sect. 8 of ASTMD-522/D-
ane NACE TM0404 or 2136 or equiv.
equiv.
Quartz-reinforced epoxy
10 +Polyureth APPLICABL Non- Non-applicable
ane E applicable
Epoxy
+
Flexible elastomer
11 + APPLICABL Non- Non-applicable
Antislip epoxy E applicable
+Polyureth
ane

Table Test, test methods and requirements (continued)


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Cyclical test
(ISO 20340)
4 200 exposure hours (Table Flexibility at
5 requirement and test Edge Cathodic
No. Anchora low
method of Annex A of ISO retention Loosening
ge temperatures
System 20340)
C5M Im2
Epoxy primer
+
Aluminum oxide reinforcement polyurethane
+
Epoxy seal
12 + APPLICABL APPLICABL Non-applicable
Anti-slip layer E E
+
Polyurethane finishing

APPLICA
Thermoplastic resin with solvent-free/corrosion inhibitor BLE
13 Non- Non-applicable
mineral oil (removable and reusable). (Except
applicable
adhesion
test) 4 200 exposure hours
of Table 5 of ISO
20340:2009, Test
14 Two-component self-priming epoxy resin APPLICABL APPLICABL
methods of Method A of
E E
ISO 15711:2003
See note 2 at page footer
Test methods of
Zinc inorganic
Sect. 8 of NACE Test methods of
+
TM0304 / Sect. 8 of ASTMD-522/D-
Epoxy with phenalkamine resins
NACE TM0404 or 2136 or equiv.
+
equiv.
Epoxy with fiber glass
15 Non- APPLICABL Non-applicable
+
applicable E
Two-component phenolic

Chemical resistance test to petroleum and its derivatives


NACE TM0174 METHOD B is applicable
Table 11 Test, test methods and requirements (continued)
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Zinc inorganic
+
Phenolic epoxy with amines
16 Non- APPLICABL Non-applicable
applicable E
Chemical resistance test to petroleum and its derivatives
NACE TM0174 METHOD B is applicable

Dough degree metallic polymer, with silicon or phosphorus


17 APPLICABL APPLICABL Non-applicable
steel alloy or with reactive oligomers
E E

18 Liquid rubber polymer APPLICABL APPLICABL Non-applicable


E E

Two/three-component 100% solid epoxy, for splash zone


19 Non- APPLICABL Non-applicable
applicable E

APPLICABL Test methods of


20 Malleable solid rubber polymer dough APPLICABL Non-applicable
E Sect. 8 of NACE Test methods of
E
TM0304 / Sect. 8 of ASTMD-522/D-
NACE TM0404 or 2136 or equiv. 4 200 exposure hours
equiv. of
100% solids epoxy for service of immersion in potable
Table 5 of ISO
water.
21 Non- Non- 20340:2009, Test
applicable applicable method of ISO
In compliance with ANSI/NSF 61 or equivalent
15711:2003 Method A
See note 2 at page footer

Notes: 1- Weather test shall be applied to evaluate the performance of the cyclical protocol of ISO 20340 as full system
2. This test is applicable only when the pipe, piping, equipment or structure has not cathodic protection system with sacrificial anodes

Table 11 Test, test methods and requirements (continued)


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8.8 Identification, storage & transportation


.............................................................................. 30

8.8.1 Identification

The supplier and/or contractor shall ensure that the vessels that contain the components to mix by each coating
of the system show the following information:

 Trade mark of the product


 Generic Name of the product
 No. of lot
 Quantity
 Commercial information – declaration of amount in the tag-specifications
 Legal name
 Legal address
 Origin of the product
 Risk advertisements
 Instructions and warranties
 Manufacturing date
 Expiration date or recommended use date
 Bar code, for infrared spectrum

Besides fulfilling the previsions of NRF-009-PEMEX-2012

8.8.2 Storage

The containers of raw materials and solvents that shall remain sealed until the moment of its preparation to be
applied.

8.8.3
Transportation

The materials shall be transported and stored in accordance to the instructions of the MSDS of the material issued
by the Manufacturer as well as instructions of the materials brochure.

8.9 Supplier or contractor delivered documentation


......................................................... 30

 Qualitative characterization by infrared spectrum (IR)


 Results report of laboratory tests, according to table 3 from this reference norm
 Sheet (datasheet) of the components of the recovery systems, which must have at least the following as
minimum:

a) Generic name of the product


b) Description and number of components.
c) Volatile Organic Compound Content
d) Percentage of solids in volume.
Minimum & maximum operation temperature that the coating system withstands
f) Preparation of minimum required surface
g) Method and equipment for application of the product.
h) Mixture useful life and mixture rate
i) Type & quantity of required thinner (when applicable).
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j) Theoretical-actual yield.
k) Wet and dry film thickness by layer and total thickness of the
system.
l) Time between coats of the system
Surface temperature for the minimum & maximum application.
n) Environment conditions for the application of the product.
o) Time to re-coat.
p) Appearance of product, availability of colors.
q) Expectation of durability or performance of the anticorrosive coating system, in compliance with ISO
12944-5.

 Safty and security sheet of the materials


 Storage procedure and handling of components

9. RESPONSIBILITIES

9.1 PEMEX- Exploration & Production.

Monitor compliance of the technical requirements set forth in this Reference Standard during the preparation,
application, inspection, tests, safety, health in work and environmental protection, for the acquisition and/or
contracting of anticorrosive protection services of PEP offshore superficial facilities.

9.2 Standardization Technical


Standardization Sub-Committee

Promote the knowledge of this Reference Standard among PEP user areas, engineering companies, services
suppliers, suppliers and contractors, involved in the technical and administrative processes for the application of
anticorrosive coating systems at PEP´s non-buried offshore facilities.

9.3 Supplier or contractor

9.3.1 To have a quality management system, and to have specific procedure for the preparation of the surface
and application of the coating systems, that ensure the quality of works performed, which advise in detail the work
stages.

9.3.2 To have documents that show that the components of the anticorrosive coating systems comply
with the technical & documentary requirements set forth in this Reference Standard

9.3.3 Provide results reports from the laboratory that performed the tests in accordance to the previsions
of this Reference Standard

9.3.4 To have the equipment, tools and fittings, advising the procedures of coating.

9.3.5 Carry out the inspections and tests that correspond to the stage of before, during and after the
application of the coating system.

9.3.6 Promote training and certification of application specialists, issuing validation charts
that show that they have the knowledge and capabilities to apply his products.
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9.3.7 To count on an expert in anticorrosive protection to work jointly with the paint manufacturer technician, in
order to provide written warranty of the service years of the anticorrosive protection system requested by PEP.

9.3.8 To carry out detection of defects, identify, record and repair zones with failures.

9.3.9 Prepare report - memory of works developed in the facilities to be protected.

9.3.10 To carry out works using contract-specified materials.

9.3.11 Supplier´s or contractor´s staff shall comply with Health, Safety & Environmental Protection
dispositions set forth in PEP worksite. Besides, he shall use Personnel Protection Equipment
recommended by clean-up equipment manufacturer.

9.4 Coating manufacturer

9.4.1 To carry out coating tests in laboratories certified under LFMN terms.

9.4.2 If necessary, provide technical assistance to PEP staff and to the application specialist when his products
are used.

9.4.3 Provide brochure and material safety data sheet for all the components of the anticorrosive coating
system; specify maximum & minimum temperature for application and curing, as well as the relevant
limitations related with the application and curing conditions.

9.4.4 Promote training of his clients.

9.4.5 Provide written warranty that the supplied products are new and have not reached 20% of their
shelf life.

9.4.6 Attach the laboratory analysis results sheet to each delivered batch. Each batch shall be analyzed.

9.4.7 Coatings shall be fabricated with no lead. It is understood that such products shall not have more than 600
ppm of total lead in the non-volatile portion of the product or in a dry film thereof, in compliance with section 3.11
of NOM-003-SSA-2006.

Total lead content shall be determined under ASTM D335-85a (2005) evaluation method.

10. COINCIDENCES WITH MEXICAN OR INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS

There are no coincidences.

11. BIBLIOGRAPHY

11.1 ANSI/NSF 61-2012. Drinking Water System Components - Health Effects (Componentes del Sistema
de Aguapara Beber-Efectos sobre la salud)
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11.2 ASTM D522–93a (Reapproved 2008). Standard Test Methods for Mandrel Bend Test of Attached
Organic Coatings (Métodos de prueba estándar para la prueba del doblez en mandril para recubrimientos
orgánicos)

11.3 ASTM D2621-1987 (Reapproved 2011). Standard Test Method for Infrared Identification of Vehicle
Solids From Solvent-Reducible Paints (Método estándar para la identificación infrarroja de vehículos sólidos de
pinturas reducibles con solventes)

11.4 ASTM D4414-95 Reap 2007. Standard practice for measurement of wet film thickness by not chgages
(Práctica estándar para la medición del espesor de película húmeda)

11.5 ASTM D5064–2007. Standard Practice for Conducting a Patch Test to Assess Coating Compatibility
(Practica estándar para realizar prueba de parcheo y evaluar la compatibilidad del recubrimiento)

11.6 ASTM D335-85a (2005). Standar Tes Method for Low Concentrations of Lead, Cadmium, and Cobalt in
Paint by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy1 (Método estándar de prueba para la determinación de bajas
concentraciones de Plomo, Cadmio y Cobalto en pinturas por espectroscopía de absorción atómica)

11.7 ASTM D6580 00 (2009). Standard Test Method for the Determination of Metallic Zinc Content in Both
Zinc Dust Pigment and in Cured Films of Zinc-Rich Coatings (Método estándar de prueba para la determinación
del contenido de Zinc metálico en el pigmento de Zinc pesado y en películas secas de recubrimientos ricos en
Zinc)

11.8 NACE SP0108-2008. Standard Practice Corrosion Control of Offshore Structures by Protective
Coatings (Practica estándar para el control de la corrosión de estructuras costa fuera con recubrimientos
anticorrosivos)

11.9 NACE TM0174-2002. Laboratory Methods for the Evaluation of Protective Coatings and Lining Material
son Metallic Substrates in Immersion Service (Métodos de laboratorio para la evaluación de recubrimientos
protectores y revestimiento de materiales sobre sustratos metálicos en servicio de inmersión).

11.10 NACE TM0304-2004. Offshore Platform Atmospheric and Splash Zone Maintenance Coating System
Evaluation (Evaluación de sistema de recubrimiento para mantenimiento de la zona atmosférica y de mareas)

11.11 NACE TM0404-2004. Offshore Platform Atmospheric and Splash Zone New Construction Coating
System Evaluation (Evaluación de sistema de recubrimiento para nueva construcción de la zona atmosférica y de
mareas)

11.12 SSPC-VIS 1-2002. Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Dry Abrasive
Blast Cleaning (Guía y referencias fotográficas para superficies de acero preparadas por limpieza con chorro de
abrasivo seco)

11.13 SSPC-VIS 2-2000. Standard Method of Evaluating Degree of Rustingon Painted Steel Surfaces
(Método estándar para la evaluación del grado de oxidación sobre superficies de acero pintadas)

11.14 SSPC-VIS 3-2004. Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Power and Hand
Tool Cleaning (Guía y referencia fotográfica para superficies preparadas por limpieza con herramienta de poder
y manual)

11.15 SSPC-SP 1-2000. Solvent Cleaning (Limpieza con solventes)


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11.16 SSPC-SP2-1982. Hand Tool Cleaning (Limpieza con herramienta manual)

11.17 SSPC-SP 3-1982. Power Tool Cleaning (Limpieza con herramienta de poder)

11.18 SSPC-SP 5/NACE No. 1-2007. White Metal Blast Cleaning (Limpieza a metal blanco)

11.19 SSCP-SP- 6-2007. Commercial Blast Cleaning (Limpieza a chorro comercial)

11.20 SSPC-SP 7/NACE No. 4-2007. Brush-Off Blast Cleaning (Limpieza con cepillo)

11.21 SSPC-SP 10/NACE No. 2-2007. Near-White Blast Cleaning (Limpieza cercana a metal blanco)

11.22 SSPC-SP 11-2001. Power Tool Cleaning to Bare metal (Limpieza a metal desnudo con herramienta
de poder)

11.23 SSPC-TR 2/NACE 6G1-1998. Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning (Limpieza con abrasivo húmedo)
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12. ANNEXES

12.1 Data sheets for specification of a anticorrosive coating system

Facility Identification
anticorrosive coating systems

Design conditions
Type of
Offshore
Faciltity

Installation
Atmospheric Splash Seawater immersion
zone

Operation
-10 to 120 121 to 400 Bigger than 401
Temperature °C

Corrosion degree
Surface
original
A B C D E F G H
condition
Preparation of surface and application
Preparation degree
Preparation of
the surface Sa 3
.........................
.........................
Surface preparation
.........................
method
.........................
Application method
... film thickness
Wet
Name Color Dry film thickness
1st layer
2nd layer
3rd layer
4th layer
Full thickness:
Tracking of expiration and tests results record
Date of materials reception Expiration date

Fabrication date
Batch number
Test method Result Tolerance
Test requirement
Specification
IR spectrum ASTM D2621-1987
or equivalent
Density, g/cm3 ISO 2811-1 ±0.1
3
g/cm
Content of non-volatile material, % ISO 3251 ±2 %
For densities higher than 2 g/cm3, allowance is ±0.1 g/cm3
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12.2 Form for visual inspection

General data of contractor or person in charge of inspection

General data of the surface to inspect

Inspection conditions

Inspected area Type of defect Dimensions Comments

12.3 Form for thickness measurement

General data of contractor or person in charge of inspection

General data of the surface to inspect

Inspection conditions

Characteristics of measurement
equipment
Wet film thickness

Level Location Point No. Point No. 2 Point No. 3 Average


Elastomeric

Acceptance criteria, result of inspection and comments

General data of the inspector or person who authorizes


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12.4 Form for adherence test

General data of contractor or person in charge of inspection

General data of the surface to inspect

Inspection conditions

Characteristics of the
equipment
Loosening
Point Location Comments
degree

Acceptance criteria, result of inspection and comments

General data of the inspector or person who authorizes

12.5 Form for inspection for detection of pinholes with electric conductivity

General data of contractor or person in charge of inspection


General data of the surface to inspect
Inspection conditions
Characteristics of the
equipment Are there pinholes?
(small and deep holes
Point Location that expose Comments
the substrate, which
shall be
corrected)

Acceptance criteria, result of inspection and comments


General data of the inspector or person who authorizes
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12.6 Presentation of equivalent documents

12.6.1 The legend "or equivalent", mentioned in this Reference Standard, after foreign documents, means the
following:

Standardization document that advises the characteristics, rules, specifications, requirements, attributes,
guidelines, or previsions applicable to a Good, Process or Activity, Service or Method, and the ones that refer to
their compliance or application, in quantitative level, qualitative level, equal to the one proposed in this Reference
Standard

12.6.2 "Equivalent" foreign documents, shall comply with the previsions and/or required by the
foreign document referred in this Reference Standard

12.6.3 Standardization documents or Mexican, International, Industrial or Foreign guidelines, that have
requirements or specifications lower than the ones required and/or requested by PEP are not accepted as
equivalent documents, (for instance: smaller thicknesses, lower safety factors, lower pressure and/or temperature,
lower levels of electrical insulation, lower thermal properties, higher smoke emission and constructive
characteristics of electrical conductors, lower capacity, efficiency, operative characteristics, physical, chemical and
mechanical characteristics, etc.)

12.6.4 This is also applicable to the technical requirements mentioned in the Technical Documents of the
Basic Engineering Packages from Licensers or Technology
developers.

12.6.5 In all the cases, the characteristics, specifications, requirements and/or obligations advised in this
Reference Standard, and which result from this, are mandatory by Bidders, Contractors and/or Goods or Services
Suppliers.

12.6.6 The Bidder, Contractor or Supplier, which consider that a document is equivalent to the foreign document
advised in this Reference Standard, shall request in writing to PEMEX the authorization for usage, annexing the
relevant information and argumentation that requests his request, as well as a comparison, concept by concept,
showing that the proposed document is the same to the one advised or refered in this Reference Standard, and
PEP shall answer in specific manner.

12.6.7 When the documents mentioned in the previous section, are not original from Mexico, shall be legalized
before a Mexican consulate or when applicable, apostilled in compliance with the "Promulgation of the Convention
that suppress the requirements for Legalization of Foreign Public Documents" published in the Official Federation´s
Gazette on August 14, 1995 "

12.6.8 Documents submitted in other language that is not Spanish shall have attached a translation to Spanish
language, done by certified official translator, considering units conversion as set forth in NOM-008-SCFI-2002.
The translation shall bear the following legend which shall be signed by the legal representative from the Bidder,
Contractor and/or Supplier, that proposes the equivalent document:

"This translation is a faithful representation of the original document in its original language, for the purposes of
the Bid and/or Contract, and Legal effects resulted thereof"

12.6.9 PEP response regarding the use of equivalent document, shall be in writing, advising if the document
proposed as equivalent document is accepted or not, in case the use of the equivalent document is not authorized,
the Bidder, Contractor, or Supplier, shall comply with the foreign document set forth in this Reference Standard