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SAI LEAF INDUSTRIES

ABOUT INTERNSHIP TRAINING

The purpose of internship training is to facilitate the intern to practice the acquired
skills independently or under supervision, as mentioned in the respective discipline
course contents. The focus of internship training should be to develop the methods
and modalities for actual practice of management study. Emphasis should be laid on
‘Hands on experience’. The settings of internship should be preferably a
decentralized setting in a organization structure like production, marketing, human
resource and finance department. At the end of the internship, the intern should be a
confident, more helpful in futures.

OBJECTIVES OF INTERNSHIP TRAINING:

 Develop managerial skills and leadership qualities to function effectively as a


leader of the management team.

 Develop communication skills.

 Develop professionalism inclu

 ding ethical behavior, etiquettes and demonstrate behavioral

 To study the company profile of Sai Leaf Industries.

 To study the working of marketing & services department.

 Market Analysis of retail products.

 To study the problems of SAI LEAF PLATE INDUSTRIES.


A paper cup is a cup made out of paper and often lined with plastic or wax to prevent
liquid from leaking out or soaking through the paper. It may be made of recycled
paper and is widely used around the world.

History

Paper cups have been documented in imperial China, where paper was invented by
2nd century BC. Paper cups were known as chih pei and were used for the serving
of tea. They were constructed in different sizes and colors, and were adorned with
decorative designs. Textual evidence of paper cups appears in a description of the
possessions of the Yu family, from the city of Hangzhou.

The modern paper cup was developed in the 20th century. In the early 20th century,
it was common to have shared glasses or dippers at water sources such as school
faucets or water barrels in trains. This shared use caused public health concerns. One
notable investigation into their use was the study by Alvin Davison, biology
professor at Lafayette College, published with the sensational title "Death in School
Drinking Cups" in Technical World Magazine in August 1908, based on research
carried out in Easton, Pennsylvania's public schools. The article was reprinted and
distributed by the Massachusetts State Board of Health in November 1909.

Based on these concerns, and as paper goods (especially after the 1908 invention of
the Dixie Cup) became cheaply and cleanly available, local banks were passed on
the shared-use cup. One of the first railway companies to use disposable paper cups
was the Lackawanna Railroad, which began using them in 1909. By 1917, the public
glass had disappeared from railway carriages, replaced by paper cups even in
jurisdictions where public glasses had yet to be banned.
Paper cups are also employed in hospitals for health reasons. In 1942 the
Massachusetts State College found in one study that the cost of using washable
glasses, re-used after being sanitized, was 1.6 times the cost of using single-service
paper cups. These studies, as well as the reduction in the risk of cross-infection,
encouraged the use of paper cups in hospitals.

Dixie cups

Dixie Cup is the brand name for a line of disposable paper cups that were first
developed in the United States in 1907 by Lawrence Luellen, a lawyer in Boston,
Massachusetts, who was concerned about germs being spread by people sharing
glasses or dippers at public supplies of drinking water. Luellen developed an ice-
cooled water-vending machine with disposable cups, and with another Bostonian,
Hugh Moore, embarked on an advertising campaign to educate the public and to
market his machine, principally to railroad companies. Professor Davison's study
was instrumental in abolishing the public glass and opening the door for the paper
cup. Soon, the devices, which would dispense cool water for a cent, became standard
equipment on trains.

The Dixie Cup was first called "Health Kup", but from 1919 it was named after a
line of dolls made by Alfred Schindler's Dixie Doll Company in New York. Success
led the company, which had existed under a variety of names, to call itself the Dixie
Cup Corporation and move to a factory in Wilson, Pennsylvania. Atop the factory
was a large water tank in the shape of a cup.

Dixie merged with the American Can Company in 1957. The James River
Corporation purchased American Can's paper business in 1982. The assets of James
River are now part of Georgia-Pacific, a subsidiary of Koch Industries, the second
largest privately owned company in the United States. In 1983, production moved
to a modern factory in Forks, Pennsylvania. The original factory in Wilson has sat
vacant ever since. The closing of the factory also prompted Conrail to abandon the
Easton & Northern railroad branch, of which Dixie Cups was the last major
customer.

The Dixie Cup logo was created in 1969 by Saul Bass, a graphic designer known for
his motion picture title sequences.

In Canada, "dixie cup" is a common slang term for the red plastic cups used at parties
and games such as beer pong.

The coupon collector's problem is sometimes called the Dixie cup problem.

Manufacture

The base paper for paper cups are called "cup board" and are made on special multi
ply paper machines and have a barrier coating for waterproofing. The paper needs
high stiffness and strong wet sizing. The cupboard grades have a special design for
the cup manufacturing processes. The mouth roll forming process requires good
elongation properties of the board and the plastic coating. A well formed mouth roll
provides good stiffness and handling properties in the cup. The basis weights of the
cup boards are 170–350 g/m2.[12]

To meet hygiene requirements, paper cups are generally manufactured from virgin
(non-recycled) materials.[citation needed] The one exception to this rule is when the paper
cup features an extra insulating layer for heat retention, which never comes into
contact with the beverage, such as a corrugated layer wrapped round a single-wall
cup.
Waterproofing

Originally, paper cups for hot drinks were glued together and made waterproof by
dropping a small amount of clay in the bottom of the cup, and then spinning at high
speed so that clay would travel up the walls of the cup, making the paper water-
resistant. However, this resulted in drinks smelling and tasting of cardboard.

Cups for cold drinks could not be treated in the same way, as condensation forms on
the outside, then soaks into the board, making the cup unstable. To remedy this, cup
manufacturers developed the technique of spraying both the inside and outside of
the cup with wax. Clay-coated cups disappeared with the invention of polyethylene
(PE) coated cups; this process covers the surface of the board with a very thin layer
of PE, waterproofing the board and welding the seams together.

Printing on paper cups

Originally paper cups were printed using rubber blocks mounted on cylinders, with
a different cylinder for each color. Registration across different colors was very
difficult, but later flexography plates became available and with the use of mounting
systems it became easier to register across the colors, allowing for more complex
designs. Printing flexographic has become ideal for long runs and manufacturers
generally use this method when producing over a million cups. Machines such as
Comexi are used for this, which have been adapted to take the extra large reels that
are required by paper cup manufacturers. Ink technology has also changed and where
solvent-based inks were being used, water-based inks are instead being utilized. One
of the side effects of solvent-based inks is that hot drink cups in particular can smell
of solvent, whereas water-based inks have eliminated this problem. Other methods
of printing have been used for short runs such as offset printing, which can vary from
anything from 10,000 to 100,000 cups. Offset printing inks have also been developed
and although in the past these were solvent based, the latest soya-based inks have
reduced the danger of cups smelling. The latest development is DirectX printing,
which allows printing on very small quantities, typically from 1,000 cups, and is
used by companies including The Paper Cup Company offering small quantities in
short lead times. Rotogravure can also be used, but this is extremely expensive and
is normally only utilised for items requiring extremely high quality printing like ice
cream containers.

Environmental impact

Recycling. Most paper cups are designed for a single use and then disposal. Very
little recycled paper is used to make paper cups because of contamination concerns
and regulations. Because most paper cups are coated with plastic, both composting
and recycling of paper cups is uncommon.[13] Although paper cups are made from
renewable resources (wood chips 95% by weight), paper products in a landfill may
not decompose, or may release methane if decomposed anaerobically. The
manufacture of paper usually requires inorganic chemicals and creates water
effluents. Paper cups may consume more non-renewable resources than cups made
of polystyrene foam (whose only significant effluent is pentane).

Paper vs plastic. A life cycle inventory of a comparison of paper vs plastic cups


shows environmental effects of both with no clear winner. PE is a petroleum based
coating on paper cups that can slow down the process of biodegrading of the paper
it coats. PLA is a biodegradable bio-plastic coating used on some paper cups. PLA
is a renewable resource and is certified compostable, which means that when it
biodegrades it does not leave behind any toxic residues.[17] PLA-lined cups are thus
the only paper cups which can be composted fully. All paper cups can only be
recycled at a specialised treatment facility regardless of the lining.

A number of cities – including Portland, Oregon – have banned XPS foam cups in
take-out and fast food restaurants.

Emissions. A study of one paper coffee cup with sleeve (16 ounce) shows that the
CO2 emissions is about .11 kilograms (.25 pounds) per cup with sleeve – including
paper from trees, materials, production and shipping.

Habitat loss trees used. The loss of natural habitat potential from the paper coffee
cup (16 ounce) with a sleeve is estimated to be .09 square meters (.93 square feet).

Over 6.5 million trees were cut down to make 16 billion paper cups used by US
consumers only for coffee in 2006, using 4 billion US gallons (15,000,000 m3) of
water and resulting in 253 million pounds of waste. Overall, North Americans use
58% of all paper cups, amounting to a staggering 130 billion cups.

Lids

Paper cups may have various types of lids. The paper cups that are used as containers
for yogurt, for example, generally have two types of lids: a press-on, resealable, lid
(used for large "family size" containers, 250 ml to 1000 ml, where not all of the
yogurt may be consumed at any one time and thus the ability to re-close the container
is required) and heat-seal foil lids (used for small "single serving" containers, 150
ml to 200 ml).
Plate (dishware)
A plate is a broad, concave, but mainly flat vessel on which food can be served.[1]
A plate can also be used for ceremonial or decorative purposes.

Design

Shape

A plate is composed of:

 The well, the bottom of the plate, where food is placed.


 The lip, the outer edge of the plate (sometimes falsely called rim. It can be flat
(like a pizza plate); or inverted (slanting down); or everted (more common,
slanting up))
 The rim, which is actually the lip seen in profile—the opening of the vessel;
sometimes with a gilded line.
 The base, which is sometimes used interchangeably with "well", but actually
refers to the underside.

Materials

Plates are commonly made from ceramic materials such as bone china, porcelain,
and stoneware, as well as other materials like plastic, glass, or metal; occasionally,
wood or carved stone is used. Disposable plates, which are often made from paper
pulp, were invented in 1904. Also melamine resin or tempered glass such as Corelle
can be used.

Size and type

Plates for serving food come in a variety of sizes and types, such as:[2]
 Saucer: a small plate with an indentation for a cup
 Appetizer, dessert, salad plate, and side plates: vary in size from 4 to 9 inches
 Bread and butter plate: small (about 6–7 inches) for individual servings
 Dinner plates: large (10–12 inches), including buffet plates which tend to be
larger (11–14 inches)
 Platters: oversized dishes from which food for several people may be
distributed at table
 Decorative plates: for display rather than used for food. Commemorative
plates have designs reflecting a particular theme.
 Charger: a decorative plate placed under a separate plate used to hold food,
larger (13–14 inches)

Plates can be any shape, but almost all have a rim to prevent food from falling off
the edge. They are often white or off-white, but can be any color, including patterns
and artistic designs. Many are sold in sets of identical plates, so everyone at a table
can have matching tableware. Styles include:

 Round: the most common shape, especially for dinner plates and saucers
 Square: more common in Asian traditions like sushi plates or bento, and to
add modern style.
 Coupe: a round dish with a smooth, round, steep curve up to the rim (as
opposed to rims that curve up then flatten out)
 Food-themed artwork is common
COMPANY PROFILE

We initiated our firm, A.G. S. Traders, in the year 1995 as a manufacturer, supplier,
exporter, trader and retailer of Disposable Products & Machines. Designing &
development of these products is carried at our workplace using advanced
technology and thus, we offer our products with the assurance of delivering optimum
performance. For our customers we have brought forward Paper Plate Machines,
Paper Cup and Paper Plate, to cater to the variegated needs of manufacturing
disposable products. Customers can source the specified range of offerings at
reasonable rates in accordance with their specified needs.

In order to meet the industry laid parameters and to offer our customers, products of
unbeatable quality, we are availed with advanced working facilities. Our
infrastructure is vast and modern equipped with latest range of machinery. In the
process, we are incorporated with a team comprising expert professionals,
responsible for meeting company’s goals. From the day of our initiation, we have
followed & maintained stringent working norms and for this reason, instructed our
professionals to accomplish their assigned tasks in a fruitful way. It has been our
utmost consideration to meet our customers’ expectations and to offer them optimum
business opportunities from our end. So, we are here to offer them total satisfaction
and products capable of delivering flawless performance.

Mr. G. Selvaraj is a name that has played a catalyzing role in enabling our firm to
attain enormous growth & success. He, along with his visionary guidance and
impeccable ideas, has helped our team to bring forth qualitative products. Today, we
have become a reckoned name and are committed to carry these attributes, further.
We are exporting our products in all over the world.

Basic Information

 Manufacturer
 Exporter
Nature of Business  Supplier
 Trader
 Retailer

Year of Establishment
2011

Total Number of Employees


Upto 150 People

Legal Status of Firm


Proprietorship Firm

Annual Turnover
Rs. 50 Lakh - 1 Crore

Trade & Market


Export Percentage
Upto 20%

Infrastructure
Location Type
Commercial

Company USP

 Experienced R  Good Financial


& D Department Position & TQM
Primary Competitive
Advantage  Provide
Customized
Solutions

Quality Measures/Testing
Facilities Yes

Statutory Profile
Packaging/Payment and Shipment Details

 Cash  Cheque
Payment Mode
 DD

Shipment Mode  By Air  By Road


REFERENCE

http://www.google.com

http://www.igbusinesss.blogspot.in/2011/04/chapter-14-recruitment-training-
and.html

http://www.studymode.com

http://www.wikipedia.org/