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The C h i e f o f Naval Personnel
The Deputy C f i e f of Naval Personnel


Navy Day . . . . . . .
Camid Classroom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Courtesy Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Northern High Lights ..........
FASRon: Keeps 'Em Flying High . . .
Gone A r e the Days . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defender o f the Flag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Navy's Biggest Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I7
Battin' the Breeze on the 7 Seas . . . . . . . . . . I8
Careers for Veterans . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Books: Stories of Sea, Air . . . . . . . . . . .
Now It Will Be Told . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The W o r d ......
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Far East Homecoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Letters t o the Editor . . . . . . . . .
Today's Navy, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
................ 42
s ............... 43
The Bulletin Board ............ 51
Enlisted Promotions shed . . . . . . . . 51
Sea Duty Clarified . . . . . . . . . .
New P,ersonnelAccounting Syst
Terminal Leave Rules Outlined . . . . . . . . . 56
Sub Duty Requirements Listed . . . . . . . . . 57
Alnavs, Navacts in Brief ........... 62 I
rum . . . . . . . ................ 64

FRONT COVER: A ricksha liberty i n Shanghai is en-

A. Lederhandler, PHOM I, o f New York
joyed b y ' H a r r y

0 AT LEFI: Sailors o f USS Houston, flagship o f European-

based Twelfth Fleet, g o t some good scrapbook snapshots
o f Portuguese "visiting firemen" (spiked hats) and police-
men (square hats) when t h e ship called a t Lisbon.

CREDITS: Front cover inside front cover and inside back cover
official U. 5. Navy dhotographr. On pp. 32-33, official U. S:
Navy photographs.
By Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN
Chief of Naval Operations
N OCTOBER 27 the country, by surrounding it. As President he not
0 custom, takes special holiday note
of its primary guarantee of the na-
only made that policy more firm but
gave significant notice of it t o the
tional security -the United States world in the memorable cruise of the
Navy. Great White Fleet. Not least im-
The Navy appreciates the honors SO pressed were the people of the United
States themselves, for, more than the
two-ocean victories of the Spanish
War, the world cruise of the fleet gave
proof of the Navy’s function a s a pre-
venter of war.
That is the Navy’s abiding mission.
It is the guardian of American se-
curity a t all times, and today it is
actively fulfilling its mission as the
We are not inclined to brag guardian of a still fragile and imma-
ourselves. Ours is a quiet satisf ture world peace. It is a powerful sup-
earned from accomplishing a tremen- port to the United Nations, t o whose
dous task and from doing it well. We ultimate success this country has
demonstrate our worth by cleaning up pledged its unstinted suppoTt. That
the debris of war and keeping our- pledge is not wholly without self-in-
selves fit and alert for any other emer- terest. We know that in this age a
gency. We do not claim to be supermen local war may become an epidemic of
who won the war single-handed and universal proportions.
who are prepared t o win the next one A powerful American Navy, capable
without help. We in the Navy are a of exercising police powers which can
part of America, an important part be exerted t o the strategic areas of
entrusted with a vital and specialized any land mass, is as truly America’s
function to be sure, but a member of a first line of defense against a war a s
team none the less. While the country it is America’s first line of attack in
celebrates Navy Day to demonstrate a war.
its perennial confidence and affection,
we in the Navy are reminded particu- Those of you who have put on the
larly of the privilege we enjoy in being uniform since the war’s end should
citizens and servants of a glorious de- not feel, therefore, that your mission
mocracy which no nation need fear but is less important than the service of
all must respect. your seniors in the shooting war.
Yours is no duty with a dozing organ-
Navy Day is a day set apart by our ization, smug in realization of a tough
fellow citizens, but to the Navy its sig- job completed, looking forward to a
nificance is the opposite: To us it long stretch of sack duty till the next
means not a setting apart, but a sym- natdonal emergency. The modern
bol of our membership in the family of American Navy’p attitude is that the
the United States. We feel honored, bull-horn map ‘St ”any minute bellow
but our greatest pride is for our family the summons to general quarters. That
that honors us. is not only true of the Navy afloat. It
Our observation of this date a s Navy obtains in the laboratories where re-
Day must not obscure the fact that it search is being pressed in new weap-
is the birthday of a great American, ons, new techniques, new design in
Pregdent Theodore Roosevelt. I t is ships and airplanes, new methods in
no coincidence that the two anniversa- medicine and surgery. From chaplains
ries coincide. Theodore Roosevelt was to skippers, steward’s mates t o tor-
the first President fully t o realize the pedomen, aviators t o yeomen, you are
importance of sea power to the United a part of an alert, husky, up-to-date
States. As Assistant Secretary of the organization, rich in glorious tradition.
Navy he was a powerful influence in To the men and women of the Navy,
shaping naval pdicy to the end that our “victors in war, guardians in peace,)’
country should. be master of the seas every day is Navy Day.
Official U. S. Navy photouaphs
ARMS AND ARMOR are rushed onto beach as large vessels of Operation Camid move close in to 'enemy' shore.

s URF ROLLED through the grey-

ness of the early morning light . .
Somewhere out in the off shore black-
. ALL HANDS Staff Writer
beachhead is established. Not secured,
just established, but that's a start.
The fourth wave comes in. It contains
ness, where the choppy waters and the men of the third company. The
the dark sky blended together, trans- Takes Part in Camid fifth and sixth waves arrive. The
ports were unloading . . . Then the Operation Camid was the flrst joint
troops move further inland. Cargo is
beach was alive with a quick dawn, amphibious action for Annapolis midship- unloaded. A jeep comes ashore. The
and out of the hazy mist came the tough part of the assault is over. Ex-
sudden bursts of 5-inch 38s .
Rocket-launching LCIs scratched the
. . men and West Point cadets. An ALL
HANDS staff writer, Sol Davidson, S1,
cept for the final details, the entire
Operation CAMIDis over.
took part in the landings and in this
sky . . . F6Fs roared over the shore- article describes the successful operation.
But that was only the final assault
line, stitching their targets in straf- of the operation. Weeks of intense
ing runs . . . 20- and 40-mms from learning had preceded the final assault.
The LCVPs moved toward the white
landing craft raked the silent beach . . sights of war, without the death at-
tached to them ... this time.
Weeks of movies, lectures and prac-
tices, demonstrations and tours. Weeks
Then it was Fox hour. The planes of intense learning-and years of cost-
D-Day off Guam, Iwo
. .. or Okin- had stopped coming overhead, the
rocket ships had stopped pulverizing
ly experience in the Pacific, in the
Mediterranean, in the Atlantic.
No, this was just the final phase of the beach with their rapid, continuous Chronologically, the entire operation
Operation CAMID (short for cadet- fire. ran like this:
midshipman), and the combined second The first wave is hitting the beach. First Day
classes of the nation's two service On the button-0900. The cadets embarked at West Point
academies were waiting for the signal In the first wave are eight LCVPs, on the uss Okarnogan (APA 220) for
to begin their last assault of the loaded with infantry troops. The in-
fantry troops are loaded-down with Chesapeake Bay.
This was just the final fling of flame throwers and machine guns. Second Day
Operation CAMID. It was just prac- They include forward artillery obser- The midshipmen embarked at AE-
tice. But for most of the men taking vers. They make their way up the napolis on the uSS Randolph (CV 15)
part, it was the closest they had ever beach, slowly. The second wave comes and transferred to the uss Okaloosa
come to actual warfare. The men in in just five minutes later. It also has (APA 219) at Norfolk, Va.
charge of the operation were making eight LCVPs. Together the P o waves
thinqs realistic. Everyone was in have unloaded two companies of in- Third Day
dead earnest about the operation, even fantry troops. At 0600, the two groups got under
though they knew there were no ene- Again the airplanes begin strafing, way for the Bloodsworth Island firing
mies up ahead . .. this time.
Movements were well-planned, and
now 500 yards in front of the advanc-
ing troops, guided by an air control
area in Chesapeake Bay where the
first demonstrations were to be held
terse orders were carried out on the officer. The third wave comes in- on the following day.
precise instant the schedule said they six LCVPs and two LCMs. A whits The enemy, assumed to have abrupt-
would be carried out, There were the flare is dropped by one plane-the ly ended diplomatic relations with the

4 0s
United States, has been boasting of
owning secret weavons. Intelligence
sources have revealed that the enemy’s
chief secret is a guided missile weapon
of the atomic type. The most ad-
vanced launching strip is under con-
struction a t an isolated section of
Little Creek, Va., 13 miles north of
Norfolk. A surprise landing that will
result in the immediate seizure of this
area is imperative.
Fourth Day
This was Able Day. Baker hour
was a t 0800. A t that moment, the
second wave of marines in eight
LCVPs arrived at the buoyed line 100
yards from “Blue Beach” on swampy,
uninhabited Bloodsworth Island, 90
miles from Norfolk. This was just a
demonstration put on by the Navy for
the benefit of CAMIDobservers who
were watching aboard APAs to show
the necessity and importance of naval
gunfire suaport. So no landings were
made by the marines.
INITIAL ASSAULT force of marines storms beach (above) as big ships stand
Fifth Day off. Beach taken, markers (below) are set up to speed delivery of supplies.
The Camids were given a lecture on
underwater demolition, a demonstra-
tion of the launching of an LCT from
the deck of an LST and a landing
Sixth Day
Probably the most spectacular ex-
hibition of the entire operation was
given by Underwater Combat Demoli-
tion Team No. 2, a group of 50 veteran
combat swimmers. They attached ex-
plosives to barricades lining the Little
Creek, Va., beach and expertly and
silently made their way back to the
small boats from whence they had
come, lying 200 yards offshore.
Seventh Day
The Camids made an insvection tour
of the uss Taconic (AGC 17), the
Krishna (ARL 38) and the Wezss
(APD 135).
Eighth Day
Lectures on “Beach and Shore Par-
ties” and “Communications in Amphi-
bious Operations of Troops and of the
Navy” were given and a debarkation
drill was held on board the APAs.
SMALL SUPPLIES are brought in immediately after assault waves. LCVPs like
Ninth Day this one (below) bring ma+eriel to set up command posts, medical units.
After a lecture on “The Boat Team,”
the Camids had liberty, including a
dance given in their honor at the Nor-
folk Yacht and Country Club.
Tenth Day
More liberty was allowed, until
evening when the Camids had to re-
port to their ships which proceeded t o
their anchorages off Little Creek-the
site of the morrow’s demonstration
Eleventh Day
Today, Able-plus-7 Day, the tables
were turned and the cadets and mid-
dies put into practice what they had
learned. They would make the prac-
tice assault themselves. The middies
would remain in the landing craft
(with the exception of 50 who went
ashore to learn the duties of beach-
master and of the beach party) while
OCTO8ElV 1946 5
SEARING FLAMES obli+erate ‘enemy
pillbox in early stage of invasion. Thi
part in amphibious operations-com-
manding the landing craft. The
operations had gone smoothly, accord-
ing to schedule and there were no
Twelfth Day
The task force, under Rear Admiral
Ralph 0. Davis, USN, ComPhibGrp 2,
LVTAs RUMBLE inland through dust and smoke. Explosion of land mines left its Little Creek anchorage and
along route added t o reality which was emphasized during Virginia maneuvers. headed for sea a t 0800. The ALL
HANDScorrespondent, aboard Admiral
the cadets would follow the marines the precise moment of Easy hour and Davis’ flagship, the uss Taconic, was
the. only press representative on the
onto the beach. proceeded inland slowly, carrying on cruise. By 1500 the task force had
The situation, explained t o them, continuous fire. At 0901, the first reached a point more than 70 mile?
Was this : wave composed of troop-carrying ‘out a t sea.
The “landing” at Bloodsworth Island LVT3s beached, discharged its troops, A simulated air attack from Air
had been successful. Enemy resistance combat-wise marines. Groua 3 came over shortly after 1500
was broken; three scientis’ts, one offi- The word came in: “No plane sup- and -the Camids learngd how the
cer and 20 troops were captured. Five port. All planes are grounded.” It “fighter director” officer controls the
officers and 100 men had been killed. was too foggy. All fire support would task force’s own protective air cover.
Our casualties were light: one officer have to come from the supporting
and 20 marines killed. Prisoners The task force remained a t sea over-
ships. night and returned in time for the
taken divulged to our intelligence that
Lt. Col. Seven, enemy commander, had The second wave came in. It was final practice assault on the beaches
escaped with all the important data on composed of the first group of cadets of Camp Pendleton the following
the secret weapon. ComPhibLant Vice led by marines. The troops had t o morn1n g.
Admiral Daniel E. Barbey. in overall wade through three feet of water. Vice Admiral D. E. Barbey, USN,
charge of the entire operation, an- The sixth and final wave beached at was in command of the operation.
nounced his decision to attack “Red 0923. By that time, the beachhead Previously, he had been the guiding
Beach’’ at Little Creek. had been well-establibhed. hand behind every Southwest Pacific
Easy hour was at 0900. Just before That, for all practical purposes, was beach assault from Woodlark and Kiri-
that, the LVTAs, already close t o the wind-up of landing operation on wana Islands to Balikpapan.
the beach, began firing blank ammuni- Able-plus-seven Day. Midshipmen, for Often referred to a s the “Father of
tion. The “A” wave hit the beach a t this exercise, had taken the Navy‘s Amphibious Warfare,” Admiral Bar-
bey planned and directed Operation
Camid from his flagship, the uSS Ca-
1 SecNav Praises Camid; Favors Joint Training
Secretary of the Navy James methods, they are apt to work well
toctin (AGC 5).
Operation CAMIDwas more than just
a tremendous demonstration for offi-
Forrestal saw in Operation Camid together. This Operat,i,on was a fine cial observers and it was more than
1 an indication of growing cooperation example of teamwork. just a lot of knowledge crammed into
between the armed services, The Secretary said that Camid the future Army and IlJavy officers.
Interviewed by an ALL HANDS was not the exclusive idea of either As Admiral Barbey said . . . Cadets
correspondent immediately after the Army or the Navy, but had de- and midshipmen may not absorb the
the assault landing on Able Day- veloped as a cooperative training vast amount of detailed instruction
plus-7, SecNav said : enterprise. He indicated he is in that has been poured into them, but I
“The cadets and midshipmen favor of joint training by the Naval sincerely believe that each cadet and
worked well together. When men and Military Academies, and that midshipman will carry away with him
have a tough job t o do, and when more such training will be a likeli- a tremendous impression of the im-
they know each other and their portant place amphibious warfare has
hood in the future.
achieved ... and the vital importance
-. .. .
. ... . .. - .. ,. ....~ .. - - - , lilt

hostile sfrong point was knocked out by Official U. S. Navy photographs

flamethrower by marine in first assault. COMBAT VETERAN of demolition team gives demonstration for Camids. H e
swam from boat 200 yards offshore, toting charge to demolish barricade.
of planned coordination of the ‘com-
bat team’.” amphibious warfare was kept secret plished these two principal objectives :
It was to this end that cadets and during the war. Now we wish t o pass “1. It passed on recent techniques
midshipmen lived in mixed groups on this technique to future officers. of amphibious warfare t o our future
aboard the small landing ships. They Those passing it on are those who officers,
learned together, they lived together have learned it through experience in “2. It provided the opportunity of
and they “fought” together. combat. practical coordination. One offshoot
The entire operation was just a be- “Amphibious warfare is essentially of this is, of course, social. Students
ginning. It was the beginning of a joint operation of all services. The of one academy got to know the stu-
future closer relationships between effectiveness of the operation is de- dents of the other.
the two service academies. Other pendent upon the close coordination of “Future warfare is bound to require
points in the program
- - have been each service. This coordination can coordination of all services, probably
accomplished : only be effected by a thorough under- a greater coordination than at any
0 One thousand West Pointers and standing of the problems of each ser- time in the past. It is well t o develop
Annapolis men exchanged visits last vice by the other. this coordination in the embryo offi-
spring. They roomed, ate, marched, “The exercise just finished accom- cers of today.”
studied and played ball with their
hosts. Pronounced a huge success, the
program will be continued on an even
larger scale next year.
A Navy officer was assigned to
teach at West Point and an Army offi-
cer was assigned t o teach a t Annapolis.
Secretary of the Navy James For-
restal and Secretary of War Robert
W. Patterson jointly visited the Naval
Academy and then the Military Acad-
The two institutions’ debating
teams met for the first time this year,
in addition t o continuing sports com-
0 Plans are being. made t o conduct
amphibious operation courses at both
institutions in the future. Also, fu-
ture exercises similar to Camid may
be held.
Admiral Barbey, meanwhile, is hope-
ful of larger-scale amphibious training
exercises in the future. Plans are
under way, he revealed, for the acqui-
sition of two Caribbean Islands-Cu-
lebra and Vieques-and when these
are obtained, the necessity of bombing
in one area and landing in another
will be foregone.
Admiral Barbey told the ALLHANDS
correspondent :
“Amphibious warfare is a recent de-
velopment, never before part of the
curriculum for cadets o r midshipmen,
either in a theoretical or practical HERE’S WHY it’s called ‘Camid.’ Cadets Vreeland and Huie along with Mid-
way. A great deal of the methods of shipmen Huss and Davis talk things over with Vice Admiral Daniel E. Barbey.
OCTQWR 1944 7
BLUE MEDITERRANEAN is visited by men of 12th Fleet
ships on goodwill and training cruise (see p. 37). Upper left:
Sailor on Acropolis gazes over city o f A+hens. Left center:
President of Portugal inspects marine guard. Lower left:
Franklin D. Roosevelt lies a t anchor in Bay of Naples. Upper
right: Two sailors bargain with merchant in Naples. Right
center: Regent of Greece treads flight deck of FDR. Lowar
right: Bluejackets, marines inspect ruins of ancient Parthenon.
Official U. S. Navy photographs
NAVY RINGS OUT the old, rings in the new in radio equipment. Manual ship-shore radio circuit is handled
b y radioman shown at left. At right, new radio-teletype gear is being operated aboard USS Adirondack.


VER SINCE that fateful day when
E the first of his fellows clamped on ...When Dots and Dashes
can take off his earphones and watch
the message flow from the machine.
a set of earphones, the radioman has The radio-teletype proved itself
been plagued by the unpleasant, Blighted Lives of Navy practical under actual combat condi-
nerve-racking sound of the Morse Radiomen; That’s All Been tions. From this evolved two types of
code-a terrifying jumble referred to installations, short-range and long-
simply a s “dit-da-dit.” Changed B y Advent Of range. The first use in the Pacific a€
But in the Navy, that wasn’t the The New Radio-teletype the radio-teletype was a t Iwo Jima,
radioman’s only cross to bear. and it was later used a t Okinawa and
While on duty, he sat for hours on in air strikes against the Empire.
end, pounding out messages on a applying the teletype to radio, have Three amphibious force flagships,
telegrapher’s key and copying incom- produced a very workable combina- the Auburn, Eldorado and Estes, were
ing traffic-all sent by means of this tion called the radio-teletype. The equipped with short-range installa-
weird sound, broken up into dots and radio-teletype, in simple terms, is an tions a t Iwo, while at Okinawa, all
dashes. And when off duty, our un- ordinary, everyday teletype, connected AGCs were equipped. At present, all
happy radioman was forced to listen by means of a converter, t o the radio fleet flagships are eauipped with long-
to friendly but often unpleasant jokes transmitting and receiving apparatus. range sets, in addition to various
and remarks, all associated with this This hookup between the teletype other major combatant units. Also,
noisy phase of his existence. and radio can be very simple, but a the Presidential yacht, plane and train
He was referred to by various un- rather complicated converter is used all have radio-teletype installations.
complimentary terms and it was re- because of possible weak signals and The uss Missouri was in touch with
marked, none too discreetly, that “all to eliminate noise. When receiving, Washington from Turkey, sending
radiomen are ‘dit-happy’ ”, a colorful the converter changes radio impulses 113,416 words by radio-teletype and
phrase roughly approximated by the into a form of electrical energy which reducing by manv hours the time ordi-
boxing term, “punch-drunk.” He was, will actuate the teletype, and vice narily required for transmission.
you might say, sort of a social out- versa when transmitting with the tele- During recent Eighth Fleet maneu-
cast, whose conversation was to be type. vers, the uss Franklin D. Roosevelt
taken lightly. Through the radio-teletype, mes- was in constant touch with Washing-
All of this, mind you, stemmed from sages can be received in printed form, ton by radio-teletype, while the USS
that awful sound. likened to the noise and transmitted merely by typing out Augusta’s long-range installation was
created by a thousand crickets chirp- the message on the same teletype. used for transmission of reports from
ing off-beat. the Potsdam conference.
But it now is possible for a radio- Compared with the fastest fleet
man, minus earphones, to send and radio broadcast of about 25 words a The seaplane tender, USS Norton
receive messages all day without once minute, the radio-teletype has a gross Sound, which participated in an Arctic
having to listen t o this annoying pro- speed of 60 words a minute (there is expedition, is radio-teletype equipped.
cession of dots and dashes. And we a slight loss in time due to various A press-radio team aboard the USS
aren’t referring to voice transmission, mechanical factors such as carriage Carpellotti (APD 136) accompanied
either. return and line feed). two Naval Academy entries to the Ber-
The contrivance responsible for this Besides speeding up naval communi- muda Yacht Races, reporting the event
evolution of the radioman is known to cations, the radio-teletype will make by radio-teletype.
us all. It is simply the teletype, which for greater accuracy. And, of course, All in all, the lot of the radioman
has been used for years in sending the strain on the radioman will be les- seems to be improving, and perhaps a
messages over land by a wire. sened considerably. Instead of con- few choice phrases soon can be
Navy communications experts, by verting the wild sounds into words, he omitted from the naval dictionary.
OCTOBIR 1946 13
defense; but Decatur’s men were al- “Pardon me, sir,” said Decatur,
ready clambering up the sides of the “one of His British Majesty’s ships,
ship. Panic stricken, the pirates Daring Stephen Decatur the Guerriere, struck her colors the
huddled on the forecastle where a Fought W i t h Gallantry other day to the Constitution.”
savage saber attack killed 20 of their Immensely cheered, Carden ex-
number and drove the rest overboard To Protect His Country claimed, “Then I am safe!’’
or below. Within 20 minutes the la Wars Against France, He was. He lived t o become 87
splendid vessel was ablaze and the Barbary Pirates, Britain years old and a rear admiral.
Americans on their way to escape. Thus f a r Stephen Decatur had
None of the group was killed and only never known what it was to drink the
one wounded in what Horatio Lord bitter draught of defeat. But that ex-
Nelson, then blockading Toulon, hailed near the Canary Isles. Carden, with perience was to be his in January
as “the most bold and daring act of 49 guns to the American’s 54, firing 1815, when he lost the President,
the age.” 547 pounds of metal t o 786, neverthe- which he had commanded since May
Commodore Preble commented as less sought combat eagerly. There is of the previous year.
follows: “Lt. Decatur is an officer of some evidence that he mistook United That winter Decatur, along with
b o much value to be neglected. The States for the 32-gun frigate Essex, other gallant captains of the Navy,
important service he has rendered reported in those waters. Such an found themselves blockaded by the
. . would in any navy in Europe in-
sure him instantaneous promotion to
error in recognition would be roughly overwhelming sea power of the Brit-
ish. Outside New York, for instance,
the rank of post captain. I wish ... analogous to confusing a giant panda
and a grizzly bear, and proved just as awaiting the President should that
it could be done in this instance. . .”
Accordingly Decatur, aged 25, became
disastrous for the British. Standing
off, which would have been good tac-
ship put out t o sea, lurked Majestic
(56 guns), Endymion (40), and Po-
the youngest captain ever commis- tics against the short-range carron- mone and Tenedos (38 each). It was
sioned in the Navy. ades of the Essex, Carden found him- a committee calculated t o give any
This was in February 1804. I n Au- self being pounded t o pieces by blockade runner a hot reception.
gust Decatur was once more locked in Decatur’s long 24s. So rapid and well Nevertheless Decatur started out in
hand-to-hand combat with the foe. synchronized was the gunfire of the a snowstorm on 14 January while the
The occasion was a clash between American ship that it appeared from blockaders under Capt. John Hayes
gun-boats of the two forces. Contrary Macedonian that she might be afire. were forced t o stand off; but President
winds prevented more than three Verse of the time tells how: ran aground in the gale. She was badly
boats under Stephen Decatur, his damaged when she put to sea, yet
brother James and Lt. Trippe from They thought they saw our ship could not return immediately because
actually making contact. Despite in flame, of westerly winds.
heavy odds, Stephen Decatur and Which made them all huzza, At daylight the next morning, 15
Trippe captured their opponents ; sir; leagues from Sandy Hook, Decatur
meanwhile James Decatur forced a But when the second broadside saw what under the circumstances he
pirate bark to feign surrender only to came, desired least to see-three British
be shot down by the captain as he It made them hold their jaw, men-of-war t o the eastsoutheast. They
boarded. His elder brother heard of sir. were Majestic, Endynzion and Po-
the treachery, and mad with rage at- mone, Tenedos not yet coming into
tacked what he conceived to be the Carden bravely attempted to close view. President at once made off to
guilty boat. with United States, but she suffered the north.
Whether he was the guilty man or so much damage that he had lost his Early in the chase the heavy Ma-
not, the captain of the boat assaulted original advantage a s a sailor. Mace- jestic fired a t the fleeing American
was a rugged character and a cool donian’s mizzentopmast fell, then her ship without effect; by midday she
one. He met the American’s rush with mainmast, as she became in the words had fallen behind, but Endymion
his pike, and Decatur’s sword was of her conquerors first a brig, then a gained rapidly on the cripple. From
broken. Then the two men rolled on time t o time the Britisher yawed to
sloop. She was surrendered at 1115. pour broadsides into President, which
the deck, in deadly embrace. The Capt. Carden was at first incon-
powerful corsair soon had Decatur on could not stop t o reply. By 1700 the
the bottom and sought to draw his solable. He moaned that he was un- two vessels were f a r away from the
dagger. A pirate who struck at De- done, for, said he, “This is the first other pursuers.
catur with his scimitar was thwarted instance of one of His Majesty’s ships Now Decatur turned on his tor-
by Seaman Daniel Frazier who flung striking t o a vessel of similar grade.” mentor, proposing to carry her by
his body over his chief and took the
blow himself. Decatur, struggling
furiously, managed t o draw a pistol
and shoot the Tripolitan dead. The
crew then surrendered.
Thus did Stephen Decatur gain his
revenge; but his brother died at sun-
down that day. .. .
In 1806 Decatur was married. He
had told Miss Susan Wheeler that “he
had made vows to his country, and If
he proved unfaithful t o his country,
he would be unworthy of her; but if
she could be satisfied with the second
place in his devotion, it should be hers
exclusively and forever.” Such a pro-
posal could have come only from the
lips of Stephen Decatur. The funny
part of it was, he was accepted.
When the W a r of 1812 broke in
June of that year, Decatur was in
command of United States. That fall
his ship was brought t o battle in one
of the stirring individual actions of
the war.
It was the British frigate Muce-
donian under Captain John Carden EARLY KNOCKOUT was fate o f HMS Macedonian (at right) when her captain
which unwisely challenged Decatur’s
frigate the morning of 25 October sought combat with Decatur’s powerful frigate United States in October I 8 12.
OCTO8E10 1946 15
NAVY’S LARGEST PLANE (XR60-I) will carry 168 passengers or 20 tons o f freight a t 300 mph for 5,000 miles.


HE NAVY TOOK the wraps off its NAS, Alameda, and make Guam The plane has a large passenger cabin
T latest transport plane, to reveal a n
aerial giant able to tote 168 passengers
(5,053 miles) nonstop.
Vice Admiral Arthur W. Radford,
on the top deck and two smaller cabins
on the lower deck. Passenger spaces
or 20 tons of freight, and t o clip along USN, DCNO (Air), who announced com- are pressurized for high-altitude flight.
at around 300 miles-per-hour for dis- pletion of the new plane, pointed to The plane can be adapted for hospital
tances up to 5,000 miles without touch- one use for her. He said the flying of service, accommodating 32 litters on
ing her multi-wheel landing gear to a parts and equipment to far-off bases is the lower deck.
runway. The new ship is a Lockheed a Navy postwar economy plan, which Passengers may be carried on the
job, named the Constitution (XR60-l), has advantages over storing large top deck when the entire lower deck is
heftiest transport in the air-heftiest, stocks of parts all over the world. used for cargo. The upper and lower
that is, until the Army stows a cargo The plane will operate with a crew decks, incidentally, are connected by
in the bomb bay of its heftier B-36 of 9 to 11, including a captain (CO), spiral stairways fore and aft, making
and calls it a transport. pilot, co-pilot, radio operator, flight them easily accessible.
Nearly everything about the Consti- engineer, navigator, assistant flight A feature of the plane is a hydraulic
tution is worthy of comment, and reti- engineer and two to four stewards, de- booster to help the pilot move the huge
cence is required to keep adjectives t o pending upon the number of pas- control surfaces against the slip-
a reasonable minimum. sengers. stream. Three separate, synchronized
For instance, despite her high top Fuselage of the Constitution looks a hydraulic systems are in operation all
little like a figure “8” in cross-section. the time, but the plane can be con-
speed, the Constitution has a stalling trolled on any one of the three.
speed of 80 miles per hour, enabling Thermal de-icers should remove one
her to sit down on a fairly short run- of the Derils of high-altitude flight.
way. She can land with a 2,300-foot Heat from the exhausts is diverted
run. Then, if there’s danger of over- through ducts along the leading edges
shooting, her inboard engines are of the wings, tail fin and stabilizers t o
equipped with reversible pitch propel- prevent formation of ice.
lers which can throw a blast forward Tunnels lead out to the four engines
and bring her to a quicker stop. A in the wings. An engineer thus has
further refinement in the landing gear access t o any of the four engines, and
is a pre-rotation device, which sets the minor in-flight repairs to any one
wheels spinning at landing speed be- engine are perfectly possible while the
fore she touches down, minimizing craft flies on the other three.
shock impact and incidentally saving Four Wasp Major engines deliver a
enormous amounts of rubber. total of 12,000 horsepower. Gross
As might be expected, takeoff char- weight is 92 tons, 10 tons heavier than
acteristics match the landing advan- the Army’s C-74, 20 tons heavier than
tages. She can hoist herself into the the Navy’s Mars. Wing span is 189
air after a run of 2,350 feet. feet, overall length is 156 feet. The
The Constitution hasn’t flown as this single tail fin is 50 feet high. Each
is written, by the wav, but that’s just portion of the main landing gear
a detail. You can take the desimer’s mounts four wheels.
word in advance for the fliEht charac- The Navy has two Constitutions on
teristics. The N a w expected to take order, and. plans to use them in over-
her up for the first time late last seas service. But Admiral Radford
month. Official U. S. Navy photographs sags it’ll probably be a gear before
Beauty of the Constitution is her WIDE CARGO DOORS permit easy they’re turned over to NATS. Mean-
abilitv to move cargo and personnel time, the Navy will test them thor-
access of *,eep. Lower deck can carry
over long distances without having to
island-hop. She could take off from 1
fighter p ane with wings removed.
oughly to find out what they’ll
really do.
OCTO8ER 1946 I7
. * %+
Night Howl nal bridge came a sleepy voice: “Sig- Fish -Chasers
The night was black; the cruiser’s 28 knots.”
nal in the air from the guide . . make
The sub-chaser is now in oursuit of
J.O.O.W. was checking his zig-zag Silence. Then : “HOW,” questioned fish and fun.
plan and the O.D. was comfortably the O.D., “can you read a signal hoist Offered a t $10,000 each, surplus 110-
stretched out in the skipper’s big in the middle of the night at 3,000 foot SCs are moving briskly a t a half-
bridge chair, his glasses on the guide. yards?” dozen Maritime Commission sales
A quiet midwatch: tubes blown, on A long moment of quiet from the yards, where buyers receive hints on
stationr no bogies-and the Old Man signal shack, finally broken by much conversion t o pleasure craft or com-
in the sack. Even CIC was quiet on mumbling and chattering into the mercial vessels. The Navy specifica-
the squawk box. squawk box. tions that fitted these tiny ships for,
Then over the 21 mc from the sig- “My relief just crawled out of the duty in every theater of war seem to
flag bag,” answered the signalman-on- satisfy civilian purchasers.
watch, “he’s still walking in his sleep By removing transverse bulkheads
wake him up .
. . (slap-slap) . and I’m trying t o
.J.(slap-slap) .. . he’;
the stateroom, radio shack and maga-
zine can be converted into space for
been reading the night orders to you. three large cabins, and the sub-chaser
More silence, then a loud crash. becomes a yacht. Fishermen can re-
“I hit him with the joe pot, sir, t o move all bulkheads forward of the en-
wake him up. Now he can’t see gine room and down t o the keelson,
nothing-nothing but joe at half a making 4,700 cubic feet available for
yard.” a finny cargo.
Orders, if you’re interested, can be
placed with the Director, Division of
Can Opener Small Vessel Procurement and Dis-
posal, United States Maritime Com-
Your wife might not find it prac- mission, Washington 25, D. C.
tical, but there is another method of
opening cans a s Lt. Comdr. E. B.
Baker, (SC), USNR, is willing to Ballads and Baeh
attest. From the PubInfo officer at Green
It was aboard the uss Columbia Cove Springs, Fla., comes word that
during the late unpleasantness in the a background of ballads and Bach
Pacific that the new technique came works wonders to stimulate lagging
to light. A Jap 5-inch shell, crashing spirits.
through the Columbia’s emergency The SepCens whittled deep into the
provisions storeroom, neatly sheared PIO’s newswriting staff on the St.
the tops off a quantity of cans contain- John’s Islander . .. but deadlines and
headlines continued to roll in-
ing meat. Lt. Comdr. Baker doesn’t
recommend the method for shipboard So he tossed a loop around a stray
use, however. Two days after the ac- record player Znd a stack of wax
tion was over a damage control party ranging from Sioux $ity Sue” to
had to don gas masks to jettison the “The Cowboy’s Lament. I

stuff. Now, from 0800 t o 1630, a low back-

At this point readers can supply ground of juke box jumps keeps the
their own favorite gag line anent staff on their toes and the station
canned meat. newspaper on the presses.

Hobby Horse Pays 150- I District of Columbia Highway Depart- No Striped Paint?
Duty in the Navy has spurred on a ment. The lighter-than-aircraft hov-
ered over the city while photographers Submariners lost none of their nau-
certain sailor to investigate the theo- made shots of traffic bottlenecks for tical whimsy with the end of hostili-
retical side of ships-perhaps as an highway engineers. They took 95 ties.
escape from the practical. USS Trumpetfish returned to Pearl
Anyhow, it’s quite a hobby, collect- black-and-white and 40 color photo-
graphs, thus inaugurating a new tech- recently after a North Pacific junket;
ing books, pictures, facts. He was in waters cold enough to endanger the
riding this steed like mad one day nique in traffic research.
It was a tame assignment for the proverbial brass monkey. As she sailed
when he stopped in a second-hand into the tropic anchorage, observers at
bookstore. As the creaky clerk ap- blimp, veteran of wartime coastal
anti-submarine patrols. . the submarine pens viewed the latest
proached, the sea-minded sailor asked sample of submarine waggery.
if he had any antique material on ships The nose of the Trumpetfish had
in stock. Bear Facts been painted blue.
“Not a thirjF that I recall,” the
oldster said. Except maybe an old Then there’s the gyrene snow job
Jane’s Fighting Ships. You wouldn’t from the ice caps of the arctic.
want that, I suppose?” Seems that Sgt. William L. Penney,
“No, I guess not,” he answered and cook for a marine outfit, and some of
started t o walk out. But he changed his buddies were bedded down one
his mind and finally bought the hoary night during some exercises in the
volume for 80 cents. snow cap country.
It wasn’t until he’d examined the 4 polar bear (and this is a fact,
book thoroughly that he discovered it mate) stuck his snoot in the shelter
was the 1897, or original, edition of and rubbed noses with Penney before
Jane’s Fighting Ships, signed by Fred the sergeant got the GQ gong. Penney
T. Jane himself. took one look, rubbed the sleep from
And worth, so the story goes, around his eyes, and took a second look.
$120 these days.
Then he shelled the f u r back out of
the shelter with a barrage of pots and
Traffic Cop pans.
Distraught denizens of Washington, Thereafter, he slept with a skillet in
bug-eyed and breathless, flooded his hand.
switchboards in the Navy Department
with frantic telephone calls one day.
Harried operators assured the in- Or As a Paperweight?
quisitive that (1) submarines had not It finally happened-
been sighted in the Potomac River, “No pets aboard” was the order and
(2) submarines had not been sighted the O.D. meeting the returning liberty
in the Anacostia River, (3) sub- party had an eye like a cafeteria
marines had not even been sighted in cashier.
the Tidal Basin. Up the ladder came a seaman, tot-
Innocent source of the e%oiternent ing a bucket.
among the citizenry was a-,Navy In the bucket-a baby octopus.
blimp, flown in from Salamons Is- “It would look good. stuffed. on the
lands, Md., to perform a chore for the

OCTOBEU 1996 79


Up in Minneapolis a 29-year-old
Navy man is swamped with orders for
his precision gears. Donald Prince had
experience prior to the war in machine
shops. He knew how to make precision
gears, and he knew that he could sell
them. There are only 42 companies in
the United States making them (c0.m-
petition is an important consideration
to a new enterprise). Prince developed
a process with which he can guarantee
near-100 per cent accuracy. Armed
with this and a backlog of orders for
more than $300,000 worth of his pro-
duct, he purchased his machines from
the War Surplus Board, and went to
work. He intends to expand his plant
as more material becomes available.
Until then he is turning down a for-
tune in orders. He plans to attend the
Universitv of Minnesota this fall in
order to be ready for larger problems
of a larger business.
Matthias Schweihs, a Navy flyer,

Task Not Easy, and Takes

l o t More Than Some luck;
Many Vets Having Ability
And Much Determination
Are leading Way Today

20 A l l UANW
The device has already been used
successfully id Iron County, Mich.,
and the Adirondacks in search of
iron ore deposits for war use, and in
Alaska in a search for oil deposits.
Combined with the airborne mag-
netometer, are SHORAN, a radio
mapping device, special mapping
cameras, and other war-born devices
which have been modified to help
form the new prospecting method.
‘MAD OPERATOR‘, trailed from then passes through this area of The new method’s main value lies
concentrated magnetism, a delicate in its use t o outline promising areas
submhunting pianel spelled doom needle swings upward on a scale, for intensive investigation by ground
of U-boats during war on Atlantic. and the U-boat’s presence is detected. parties.
ALL MAY MEAN a variety of
Fthings to different people. To you,
for instance, it may mean what you
think any slick chick does when she
first glimpses you in your only slightly
non-regulation tailormade blues. How-
ever, what’s meant here is autumn.
Fall, then, means to the Caribbean
skipper the hurricane season a t its his romantic philanderings, but occa-
worst; t o many ex-GIs this particular sional loss of composure in a tight
fall means return to academic halls; situation, or near panic in the face of
to book publishers, i t means the issue death-win the reader’s fellow-feeling
of a lot of new books, primarily in as Hornblower’s exploits excite his
anticipation of Christmas sales. imagination. And this is one of the
A representative sampling of this endearing characteristics of this
year’s fall fiction includes a couple of doughty sea-captain. Nonetheless he
books about naval officers-one of generally comes through in a pinch;
Nelson’s navy, the other of Nimitz’; with such a man as he, no wonder

an animal fable satirizing totalitarian- Nelson could function effectively with
ism; a character study in modern but one arm.
American society; and the tale of a In this book Hornblower first in-
family of aviation pioneers. geniously retakes a mutinous crew
The five are being distributed by with its vessel; then he captures two
BuPers to ship and station libraries. fortresses; then he leads a small
They are all eminently readable books. guerilla group against Bonaparte dur-
ing the wild 100 days. Captured and

Romantic and Relucfant condemned t o death, he is finally re-
prieved a s Napoleon is defeated at
“Lord *Hornblower” by C. S. Waterloo. And with Waterloo comes,
Forester: Little, Brown and Company, apparently and regrettably, an end to Illustration from ‘Lord Hornblower’
$2.50. the Hornblower series.
By now Hoq+blozuer is as well new vigor by the author’s adroit treat-
known a name a# Halsey t o a large “Mister Roberts:’ by Thomas ment-deals with a pig-led revolt
Heggen, Houghton Mifflin Company, against mankind, with its avowed aim
section of the American public, and $2.50. of enabling all beasts to realize the
the adventures of the former in con- One early summer evening in clan- fruits of their own labor.
flict with Napoleon seem on almost a s destine ceremony, Lt. Douglas Roberts Revolutions and counter-revolutions,
real and Dersonal a level as the fight
.. was honored by the “Order of the purges and tortuous diplomacy pro-
of the laker against Tojo’s forces. It Palm,” bestowed upon him by his ship- duce a society which the animals find

is seldom that a fictional character mates “for action against the enemy, something less than ideal. One of the
achieves such reality of existence. above and beyond the .call of duty, on principal difficulties in achieving the
That reality is attained by a fine the night of 8 May 1945.” On said aim is expressed by the amendment
blend of super and man in Mr. Fores- night, Mister Roberts had galled the in a key slogan. First, “All animals
ter’s depiction of the hero. Horatio captain of his ship, by slipping the are equal,” i t is lengthened to pro-
Hornblower is a bit on the extraordi- deep six to the skipper’s prized potted nounce: “But some animals are more
palm tree. equal than others.”
nary side in his tactical schemes, his
qualities of leadership, his successes. The uss Reluctant-“this bucket”
But his human frailties-not so much to her crew-is the locale of this Two Storms
short, swiftly moving yarn of life ”The Sudden Guest” by Chris-
HOW DID IT START? aboard a glamorless auxiliary. While topher La Farge; Coward-McCann,
1 more active vessels fight the war, the $2.50.
Reluctant does its humdrum job-and This is the interesting psychological
Three Volleys fosters its private war between the study of an egocentric old woman
Firing three volleys at a funeral i s an captain and its crew, a guerilla war of whose existence is epitomized by the
old superstition among sailors and dates pettiness and spite in which the skip- incidents and memories hanging on
back to the days per’s palms are frequent and un- two Rhode Island hurricanes. Miss
of t h e ancient mourned casualties. Actually the war Leckton, vainly attempting to preserve
Romans. is, perhaps, against boredom. The war a way of life that has no validity to-
The superstition is a phony war t o Reluctant’s crew; day, relives in her aloneness during
was t h a t the certainly the captain is a phony. The the storm of 1944, the rush of unin-
three volleys fired ship is held together by Lt. Roberts vited guests which swept into her life
into the air were who is, infinitely more than the in 1938.
fired at imaginary bumbling! skipper, the leader of the
devils as they es- ship. Flying Family
caped from the Here then is no succession of heroic
hearts of the dead. episodes, though Roberts may qualify “Blaze of Noon” by Ernest K.
Before the advent of firearms, the as a hero. It is commonplaces of ship- Gann; Henry Holt and Company,
board life which are emphasized, and $2.75.
number 3 had a mystical significance and This novel about aviation by an
was used in the ancient Roman funeral as commonplaces are funny, tragic,
rites. Earth was cast three times into the harsh, ugly and tender, so is this aviator carries a flying family-the
book, four MacDonald brothers-through
sepulcher; friends and relatives called the the early adolescence of America’s
dead by name three times, and then as flying: the period from 1925 t o 1929.
they departed from the tomb they pro- Beasts’ Rebellion Roland MacDonald, big and bluff,
nounced the word “vale,” meaning a ani mal Farm” by George Or- loud and lucky, is eldest brother and
“farewell,” three times. well; Harcourt, Brace and Company, the leader-and the most interesting
From the Roman era it has been $1.75. character in the book. In the end he
handed down to us. Its survival today No matter where the reader’s poli- is the only one of the group whose
may be found in “three cheers,” and the tical sentiments lie, he ought to appre- conquest of the air is not dearly pur-
“three witches” in Macbefh. The mystic ciate the wit, insight and professional chased by life or limb. Caught in a
use of the numbet 3 may also be heard skill embodied in this English writer’s blizzard, utterly lost, he character-
at an auction sale, with the auctioneer’s flaying of communism in the presenta- istically escapes almost unscratched,
familiar chanting of “once, twice, three tion of its workings in Farmer Jones’ mostly by good fortune but partly by
times, and sold.” barnyard. Orwell’s modern animal improvising a worthy turn-and-bank
fable-an old form of writing given instrument out of a bottle of whiskey.
OCTOI)E1P 1946
AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS from Africa to Okinawa (Normandy, above) will be covered in 15 volume naval history.


Fwhile the fiercest of all wars raged,
tivities in World War I1 that the
Office of Naval History is bringing
needed, and seizing whatever “spare
time” they could allocate to their
men of the Navy wrote history in forth will be presented in two parts: historical duties, recording what was
the cockpits of planes, on the decks the Navy at sea and the Navy on land happening around them and t o them.
of ships, at far-flung repair bases, at -the fighting Navy and the shore Book research-the examination of
desks and drawing boards. Navy which kept it going; the opera- hundreds of war diaries, action and
NOWthat the bloody actions from tional history of the war and the ad- patrol reports, letters, documents, and
North Atlantic shipping lanes to the ministrative history. transcripts, and interrogations of
seas off Okinawa are ended and the As is fitting, the operational history Army and Navy p-rsonnel and of
roar of guns and bombs has died is being compiled not by merely book- Allied and enemy prisoners-of-war-
away, the history written by the ish men searching through the rec- all this of course is of tremendous
Navy in deeds is being put down on ords, but by men of the fighting importance. Gut the result will be a
paper. Navy w!io spent their war years at history by men of the Navy, by men
The cohnplete picture of naval ac- sea, performing their duties a s who have felt the salt spray in their
faces, who have experienced a sub
scare, who have felt their ship shud-
KAMIKAZE was a desperafe enemy’s futile last bid to alter history’s course. der under the impact of an enemy
shell, and who know the despair of
fire on shipboard.
The late President
. ~
Roosevelt in 1942
.... ~ - 2 -
approvea m e concepion
1 L
,.. L:-..
01 a seaman s
- . - ~ . . - - - , L

~ history of the war at sea, a history

to be modeled generally on, but more
extensive than, Sir Julian Corbett’s
account of the activities of the Royal
Navy in World War I. As a result
of early preparation, the operational
history staff is composed of men who
participated in Atlantic convoy work,
in the invasion of North Africa, in
the Phi!ippine and Okinawa cam-
paigns; between them they have cov-
ered every major campaign of the
In a complete account of the Navy,
the activities of other services must
have a part. One cannot-in history
real o r written-transport armies to
a foreign shore and then steam away,
leaving them t o fight “their own”
battles. In consequence the records
of the Army and Marine Corps are
undergoing thorough study by the
staff, with a view t o inclusion of all-
and there will bq much -pertinent
material. Nor wlll the enemy be
Official U. S. Navy photographs
WORST DEFEAT in Navy’s history came at Pearl Harbor but USS Maryland,
shown above beside capsized Oklahoma, recovered to witness total victory.
procurement, training centers, over- The usefulness of such projects?
seas bases, Negro personnel, Seabee When the matter of lend-lease naval
battalions and ammunition depots. bases achieved prime importance be-
At present it is planned that only fore American forces ever were ac-
a limited number of copies of each tually engaged in the War, there was
report will be produced-typewritten, an urgent demand from the White
not printed-for the command in- House for data on conditions under
volved and for the Office of Records. which the Navy used Minorca, Syra-
But further studies will eventuate cuse, and other widely dispersed naval
from these, An overall history of bases more than 100 years ago. His-
naval administration will be prepared torical papers may grow old, but they
-a critical account written in great never die. For as Napoleon main-
detail for the use of the Navy itself. tained and as Marshal Foch has
A more condensed history will be written, “History must be the source
written for general publication. of learning the art of war.”

STRATEGY OF VICTORY will be analyzed. Airplane and carrier emerged primary naval weapons of World W a r
06108ER 1946 2
..._....... 1 - - - ”
. . . . . .

hauling its enlisted rank structure
with somewhat the same end in view
the Navy has as it completes work on
the naval rate structure: to enable the
Frank, Authentic Advance Information rank system to best serve the needs of
the Corps, and to establish fair, logi-
On Policy-Straight From Headquarters cal, clear channels for the careers of
enlisted Marines.
And, like the Navy, the impetus for
Q FIRE CONTROLMEN o f t h e are entitled to claims have been in- overhaul was World War 11, the
fleet will be selected a s candidates for troduced in Congress. None of these stresses it brought to bear on the
the postwar rating of fire controlman bills, however, has passed the pre- MarCorps system of personnel admin-
(technician) by examination this fall. liminary stages. It is expected that istration, and the lessons learned
Establishment of the rate was an- further attention will be given this thereby. The old methods were found
nounced in BuPers Circ. Ltr. 57-46 problem by Congress. no longer adequate.
(NDB, 15 Mar). None of the committees or organi- The overhaul is based on the general
zations now purporting to handle such premise that the aim of any system of
Selectees will attend a 51-week personnel administration must be to
course beginning early in 1947 at claims is sponsored by the War, Navy provide the Marine Corps with the men
NTSch (Fire Control Advanced), Ad- or State Departments, either officially i t needs, and that it be flexible enough
vanced Technical Service Schools, or unofficially. t o meet these needs a s they change
Naval Receiving Station, Washington, 0 THE ATOMIC AGE will inevi- from time t o time. In other words,
D. C. Among subjects to be studied when the MarCorps needs plumbers,
are blueprint reading, mechanical bly bring changes in the postwar
Navy. Reccgnizing this, BuPers has the rank system should be able t o pro-
drafting, basic mechanisms, optical in- vide them. An equally fundamental
struments, electricity and electronics, selected about 100 officers for training
in the field of radiological safety. premise is that to attract men t o a
radar, special control systems, ord- career in the Marine Corps, some
nance and fuses. These officers will be assigned to
scientific work in connection with the method must be devised to assure them
The FCT rating was established t o atom bomb tests and other phases of of full opportunity for promotions,
provide the Navy with personnel ca- nuclear physics. limited only by their individual effort
pable of maintaining and repairin and the actual needs of the Corps; not
modern fire-control equipment, wita The class which started training in limited by inefficient personnel admin-
the exception of fire-control radar. September is made up of volunteer istration which might permit men to
These men will not replace fire con- officers who have had electronics, ra- be promoted in some circumstances
trolmen, but instead will receive ad- dio, radar, chemical or physics engi- while equally deserving men, through
ditional technical training t o enable neering background. accident of assignment, were not able
them to make repairs beyond the capa- Future additional classes along this to be promoted at as fast a rate.
bilities of regularly trained fire con- line may be expected, but definite The old system did not accomplish
trolmen. They will do work on fire- plans have not been announced. these purposes as well as i t should
control mechanisms that formerly have.
required services o f fire controlmen, General effect of the new system will
electronic technician’s mates, elec- be an emphasis on the importance as
trician’s mates and in some cases ma- a promotion factor of each man’s
chinist’s mates. special skill, as indicated by his speci-
In the next two years, it is planned fication serial number (SSN). SSNs
that sufficient fire control technicians already have been assignd t o Marine
will be trained to permit assigning personnel. A deemphasizd factor, so
more than one such rating t o each f a r as promotion is concerned, will be
combatant ship, destroyer and above, the activity t o which the individual
and possibly two for each tender and happens t o be assigned. In other words,
repair ship. It is expectEd that only the new system will tend to equalize
the highest caliber of career” en- rates of promotion for all personnel
listed men in the Navy will qualify who, say, drive trucks, no matter to
for this rating, and that these tech- QUESTION: which activity they may be assigned.
nicians will be leaders among main- * D o you think the Waves The new system wil
tenance and repair forces of the Navy. (Women’s Reserve) should be Marine Corps to thus c
Sample examinations and instruc- tions on the basis of its
tions are being issued by BuPers to made a part of the peacetime for specific skills, rather than allowing
activities. Additional information on Navy? each Marine activity full latitude in
FCT training is the subject of an A majority of regular Navy en- promoting the men assigned to it f o r
Alnav proposed for early release. listed men think the Waves should be duty, without regard to the needs of
made a part of the peacetime Navy, the Corps for their particul
0 FORMER POWs detained by while nearly all men believe that the Specifically the Marine C
Women’s Reserve did a good job dur- will be accomplished by the
enemy countries, or next-of-kin of steps :
former POWs, need not employ law- ing the war. Opinion on this subject
yers o r representatives t o prepare was sampled at several commands at
claims against these countries for a half-dozen locations.
death or personal injury, property Of the wide variety of USN person-
loss, or for money due for labor per- nel queried, including those at repair
formed during their period of im- and aviation bases, training centers
prisonment. and receiving stations, only six out of
The State, War and Navy Depart- 100 thought the Waves had not been
ments currently are preparing pro- of much help during the war. Here
cedure and official forms for the use are the replies :
of these claimants. When procedures “The Waves did a good iob during the
have been decided on and the proper war and should be made a part of the
forms devised and made available, full peacetime Navy” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..60 % Three such sagencies will thus be
publicity will be given ,as to the “The Waves did a good lob during the
given cognizance over all Marine per-
sonnel : the Personnel Department, the
manner of filing such claims. war but should not be made a part of the
Supply Department and the Division
peacetime Navy” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..34 %
of Aviation.“ Fiznctional fields as-
“The Waves did not help much during signed t o the cognizance of each de-
tries, which are held by the U. S.,#to the war and should be disbanded permo- partment are: Personnel Department
be paid to American nationals who nently” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , 6 Yo -Administrative and clerical, artil-
lery, band, communication, engineer, WAY BACK WHEN
infantry, intelligence, ordnance, pho-
tographic, public information and
publications, security and guard, spe-
cial services, tank and amphibian
tractor training aids, miscellaneous.
-I Nine O’clock Gun
Have you ever h a d your sleep interrupted work and play were stopped for the time
Supply Department - Supply, food, b y the roaring sounds of a cannon? I f you being.
motor transport, disbursing. Division have then you w o u l d fit snugly “into the This custom became flxed, and it has
of Aviation-All men whose primary picture” with the people of Norfolk, Va., continued to the present w i t h the exception
skill is in the field of aviation (flight and the surrounding neighborhoods of of a short period between 1 9 0 7 a n d 1 9 0 9
and aircraft maintenance crews, air- Portsmouth a n d St. Helena. when it was discontinued by order of Rear
craft technicians, weather and flight 0 n e of the Admiral E. D. Taussig, USN, who was then
operations personnel, and others). cherished tradi- commandant of the yard.
0 Periodic tabulations will deter- tions of Norfolk This order d i d not meet w i t h the approval
mine the numbers of personnel in each Navy Shipyard i s of the people of the community who h a d
grade and each SSN within each func- the famous “nine come to expect the sound of the gun each
tional field, providing data from which o’clock gun” fired night a n d to depend upon it for time. De-
the needs of the Corps for each grade each evening a t spite the pleas of the people, the Admiral
and SSN may be determined. Each 2 1 0 0 a t the Navy refused to restore the gun, but so deter-
of the three personnel agencies will L
Yard. mined were the citizens that they took their
exercise promotion policies as nearly I t a l l came demands a l l the w a y to the White House
equal a s possible. Promotions t o the ubout when Rear Admiral Stephen C. Rowan, where President Taft acceded to their wishes
various grades will be specifically USN, came to the Navy Yard as comman- and ordered the gun fired.
controlled as follows : dant on 4 Sept 1886, and ordered a curfew
Even today, the time-honored custom of
0 Promotions to the first three pay gun flred a t 2 1 0 0 daily from the receiving
the people’s looking a t their watches when
grades (whatever the SSN) will be ship.
the gun i s fired i s still i n vogue, especially
made from published promotion ros- The gun served not only as a curfew
among the citizens who have remembered
ters prepared by the agencies con- but a timepiece as well, and the people
the history behind the gun.
cerned on the basis of their needs, soon came to depend upon i t as the cor-
the rosters t o contain enough names rect time. Shortly before its appointed time ’ So, i f you should happen to be aroused
to meet anticipated needs for six to be fired the people, regardless of where while a t the Navy Yard, glance a t your
months. Promotions t o pay grades 4 they w o u l d be, would break out their watch and remember that the traditional
and 5 (sergeant and corporal) will be watches, cast eager eyes at the clock on firing of the “nine o’clock gun” w i l l be a
effected from name rosters or by the mantelpiece, a n d w a i t for the roar of reminder of the order which went into effect
quotas for the various activities, as the nine o’clock gun. To a l l appearances on 4 Sept 1886.
prescribed by the agencies concerned.
Authority for such promotions will be Japan. Policy now has taken definite which has become apparent with es-
issued quarterly, a t the same time by shape and action will follow soon. tablishment of the large, postwar
the three agencies. Promotions t o pay The new rank titles will become effec- Naval Reserve.
grade 6 (PFC) will be made on com- tive 1 December,’ and the first promo- @Establishment of the Waves as a
pletion of a prescribed period of satis- tions under provisions of the new sys- permanent part of the Navy and of
factory service without regard to SSN tem will be issued during the first the Naval Reserve.
(at present, this period is six months). quarter of 1947. 0 Establishment of a new Post
0 To reduce differences in rates of
Graduate School in a new location.
promotion between the personnel 0 LEGISLATION c o n t r o 1s the 0 Authorization of an air field and
agencies, “time in grade” requirements Navy and thus the careers of naval facilities a t the Naval Academy.
have been established. Nine months’ perspnnel. The editors of ALL HANDS 0 Provision for specialist duty only
service in grade will be required for receive hundreds of letters each officers to be a part of the line of the
promotion t o corporal and sergeant, month from Navy men with problems, regular Navy.
and one year’s service in grade will be and frequently these letters can only Establishment of the Navy Nurse
required for promotion to each rank be answered in terms of what the Corps a s a staff corps of the Navy.
above sergeant. next Congress may do. In other words, 0 Establishment of the Hospital
0 A corollary to the new personnel
their situations are not covered by Corps as a staff corps of the Navy.
system is reduction of the present 34 laws, or, if they are, the applicable 0 Provision for officers in the medi-
rank titles to seven, t o allow only one laws may be revised by enactment of cal allied sciences to be permanent
official rank designation in each pay pending legislation.
grade. The purpose is simplification, members of the Medical Corps.
and since the old titles referred to BuPers realizes the peculiar situa- 0 In c re a s e of the authorized
duty assimment, which no longer is a tion of service personnel, whose lives strength of the Civil Engineer Corps
large factor in promotion, they became may be so directly affected by Con- to 3 per cent of the authorized line
relatively meaningless. gressional action, and accordingly officer strength (it is, at present, 2
Marine enlisted titles of rank will maintains offices to assist the Con- per cent).
be simply: master sergeant (first pay gress-formulating legislation which 0 Revision and increase
grade), technical sergeant (second), affects the service, interpreting estab- shipmen’s pay scales.
staff sergeant (third), sergeant lished laws, and bringing to the at- 0 Revision of establishe
tention of the Congress new laws erning transportation overseas of de-

(fourth), corporal (fifth), private first

class (sixth) and private (seventh). which may be needed t o cover new pendents and household effects.
Rank insignia for sergeants and below sityations, or old laws which may need 0 Extension of family allowance
will remain the same; for master ser- revision. payments t o enlisted personnel t o 1
geants, technical sergeants and staff When the 80th Congress convenes in July 1949 (present law provides pay-
sergeants insignia will be those cur- January, there will go before it for ments in all cases “for the duration
rently in use for sergeants major, gun- consideration many pieces of legisla- and six,” or for the duration of en-
nery sergeants and platoon sergeants, tion of direct interest to naval per- listments entered prior to 1 July
respectively. But revision of rank sonnel. The following is a partial 1946).
titles will not change the titles of vari- (and tentative) listing of subjects in 0 Authorization for Naval Science
ous billets, well established in the which BuPers is interested, and which buildings on the campuses of NROTC
Corps. For example, though a man’s may be recommended, in one form or institutions.
rank henceforth may be master ser- another, to the next Congress for con- 0 Establishment of permanent Chief
geant, he will continue to carry his sideration:
0 Revision of present laws relating
of Chaplains of the Navy.
billet designator in the company o r
to twomotion. retirement and rank dls- 0 Amendment of Servicemen’s Re-
battery a s first sergeant, in the bat-
talion, regiment o r division as ser- t r i h t i o n of ’officers. adjustment Act to extend jurisdiction
geant major. Revision of Naval Reserve Act of of Boards of Review to include re-
The new Marine Corps promotion 1938. to movide modified retirement view of discharges or dismissals by
system has been under study since of certaih Reserve personnel, and reason of sentence of general courts
many months before the surrender of other necessary changes, the need for’ martial.
OCTO8IFR 1946 27,
standing forlornly as they await proc- JAP MOTHER and baby (on mother’s back) are two Nipponese of total of
essing before leaving for the homeland. over 5,500,000 involved in repartriation project. Job will be completed in 1946.

and 77,939 Chinese a.nd Koreans from cers were assigned to assist With the work done by Japanese, and Japanese
Japan-a grand totalI of 410,134. health problems of the passengers. It army interpreters. Discipline among
Seventh Fleet offic:ers had to meet was pointed out that the health record J a p passengers was said to have been
many new problems when war’s end was excellent. Medica1 screening of good.
shifted them from aimphibious assault prospective passengers before embark- Sailors rigged steam kettles outside
operations t o the p,assenger-carrying ing kept the incidence of disease low. the galley for cooking rice, principal
business, in which about 100 LSTs In addition to Navy crews, the LSTs item of diet for the passengers. The
were utilized. Staff p lanners and ships’ carried Marines, who supervised guard food was ladled out in tubs and carried
companies had to 01irercome the diffi- forward on the foredeck, where the re-
culties of engaging in such a gigantic patriates formed their chow line.
transportation opera‘tion thousands of However, messing 1,000 persons was
miles from the U. S..,keeping enough just one of the duties which kept offi-
trained officers and men aboard the cers and men of the landing ships on
ships during the critilea1 demobilization the go. There were cruises in rough
period, and carryirig, feeding and weather, one time with a 65-knot wind,
caring for people of a different stand- when shiphandling was the paramount
ard of living and diffc?rent customs and problem, and one LST crew cared for
language. 35 blind Chinese passengers on a four-
The LSTs carried 1,000 men, with dav cruise.
. the number reduced when women and Many Japanese babies received two
children were amongr the passengers. rides in one, as they came aboard the
Normally, the voyagres were of from ships on their mothers’ backs, papoose-
two to four days dur ation, the longest style. I n addition to their babies,
LST trip being aboul; 600 miles. Nipponese mothers were loaded down
“Many a voyage y d e d with more with blankets, clothing and other per-
aboard than started,’ the Commander sonal effects in back-breaking quanti-
Seventh Amphibiou!5 F o r c e said. ties.
“There was scarcely a ship which did An idea of the tremendous magni-
not have its midwife problems. When tude of the transportation operation
we first started the operation, proud can. be gained from a simple com-
commanding officers would often send parison. It has been estimated that
in a dispatch sometlhing like, ‘Began the operation involved more passen-
voyage with 950 a12oard; completed gers than there are residents of Scot-
voyage with 952 ab(mrd, mother and land.
twins doing splendid1y!’ But the popu- Interesting to U. S. Navy veterans
lation increase aboarc1 the landing craft Official U. S. Navy photographs of the war in the Pacific was the sight
soon became only a rc)utine matter.” YOUNG NIP is one of millions re- of former Japanese soldiers and sail-
Hospital corpsme n attended the 01s filing aboard the transporting
stork when there WQS no doctor aboard, turned to Japan, from China, Korea, shi s and rendering their awkward
and frequently Japainese medical offi- Manchuria and islands of the Pacific. an$ rather comic salute.
OCTOBER 1946 29
- . 6

, -a . .,____1 ..^-_I.....-.“.-__ .
. .
E Dentists in Germany
SIR: Kighty-six Navy tlcntists are now
in Germany. iVe left Kcw Yolk 18 J u l y
on thc .\i’iny transport George Ii’crsh~ny-
2 tun. .\I1 S d were quarttwcl on I,‘ dcclc
5 below the waterline in troop conipart-
nients. \Ve slept three high. l y e a t e t ~ ’ o o p
nicss. standing up. The Kiavy waa never
like this!
,2 After 10 mlserable days we arrived a t
. - Brenierhaven. The train ride froin thcrc
. was 4 0 hours in third class cars to Er-
._.. . - . .. langen, where we split up f o r our various
Arms Dosts.
From what I have seen most of us
were doing just as essentiai work in the
States. But. of course. anywhere in the
world there is just a s ~ m u c hdentistry to
(“Changein Rate do as the dentist wants to do.
SIR: I a m planning a career in the Navy About the Uniform Everywhere we go w e a r e a n oddity.
but not in my present rate. I a m a moto; SIR: Gratifying a r e the newspaper The Germans don’t know what we are.
machinist’s mate and would like to change indications of general disapproval of Many ask us if we a r e Russians when
to storekeeper if possible I a m a graduate making any sianiflcant chance in the we wear ma8s. Others think we are
* o f a Class “A“ diesel school, which I at- uniform for enlisted men of fhe Navv. what‘s left-of t h e German Navy.
tended two years ago while in the Re- If such general disapproval of chanse The only thing all of us ask is t h a t
.serve. I have reenlisted in the regular in f a c t be the case perhaps a complete the Navy doesn’t forget us over here-
Navy> Can I make this change? How about face would be timely. J. M.. Lt.(ja) (DC). USNR.
.should I go about it?-T. G., MOMMZ, Many officers envy men’s privilege to About Si0 N a v y dental, oflcers now
I USN. wear clothing comfortable about the are o n duty wath A r m y unats around the
J?om wequest throngh official channels neck-without collar and tie and world aiding that service in meeting i t s
i t o i B M I F & r s f o r a change of rate will be waist-without shirt-tail tuck-in: Per- need lor dentists despite shortages caused
fgzuen&omidera tion.-ED. haps taking the best features of offi- by demobilization.-ED.
cers’ trousers and enlisted men’s
Bm‘kn Service jumpers for a composite result gen- Sinking of Atik
SIR : I reentered the Navy as SK1 with erally looking towards the emabcipa-
b m k c n senvice, after eight months ’ as a tion of the male in dress reform. would SIR: A recent newspaper article told
miwillan. ‘Can 33 months as SK1 served meet popular acceptance. of the sinking on 26 March 1942 of the
drrsinz IBrst enlistment be considered as Against the uncomfortable and un- uss Atik formerly the SS Carolyn 300
time tmward CSKA?-E. L. F., SK1, USN. healthycustom for men to wear neck- miles ea& of Norfolk while on her shake-
ties, our civilian brothers seem help- down cruise. I have never found the Atik
Ne. Time served in a previous enlist- less because someone important once listed in any Navy ship loss list nor on
ment m a y not be cou%ted for promotaon said, “Clothes make the man” The any Navy ship register. What &ere her
purposes after reenlistment in a broken services however with their presump- classification letters and number?-E.B.W.,
service category. Y o u must again furfill tion of hasculiniiy and their efforts to Lt. Comdr., USNR.
service and marks requirements existzng base personal recognition on character A s a secret project with a highly spe-
f o r the next higher rating.-ED. and ability rather than class wealth cialized purpose, the Atik was never given
or social position, could be leaders of a classification nor entered on the Navy’s
No Raise for ACADs
~ ~~ _ . ~ mcn.
~ - A universal oDen nerk (similar vessel register. Presumably the German
SIR: Are aviation cadets getting a pay to our tropical unif6rm shfrt) ‘ f o r all high command referred to her when on 9
raise?-D. P. M. ACAD USNR uniforms, with open collar to overlay April 1 9 4 2 it announced by radio that a
No, the Readjhstment’ Act, as amended the coat or blouse collar when such U-boat had sunk “a 9-boat-a heavily
June 1946, did not provide an increase in garments a r e reauired for warmth. armed ship disguised as an unarmed ves-
pay for air cUdets.-ED. , would win gratefui applause of officers’
CPOs and civilians as well.-G. M. B:
sel. . ” A s the Carolyn, she still up-
peared. in Lloyd’s Register of Shipping,
Log Keeping Jr., Capt., ( S C ) USN. 194 4-4 5 edition.-ED.
SIR: Is there any regulation which spe- SIR: Why doesn’t the Navy instead
of decreasing the sailor’s tr’aditional Crossing ‘T9
cifies the type of writing implement to be
used in keeping quartermaster o r signal looks by changing the uniform in- - the
logs?-H.E.E., SM1, USN. crease i t by just changing the ’head SIR: On Page 43 of the July 1 9 4 6 issue
gear to something like that of a chief? YOU credit Admiral Ruddock as,,“the ma6
No. N a v y Regs (Art. 1 5 1 7 ) a i d other -J. R. S., S1, USN. who,crossed the ’T’ a t Surigao and “for
sources specify only that such l o g s are SIR: All these guys that think the leading the historic annihilatioh of a Jap
to be kept zn a neat and legible manner. Present uniform’s a “Monkey Suit” will battleship force in the northern neck of
-ED. be among the sloppiest on leave off SUrigaO Strait.” I was pilothouse radio-
ships if this new uniform with all its man on the Maryland that night and, as
From Acting to Permanent additional difficulties in daring for it I recall, Admiral Kincaid was the task
SIR: I was rated CGMA 6 Mar 1944 is put into use. If they can’t look good force commander. Admiral Oldendorf. the
and received a temporary commission as or be satisfled with this uniform group commander was putting out t h e
ensign 14 Nov 1944 without having a n y they’ll never look good or be satisfled: signals to change’ course and speed and
sea duty as CGMA: I was then trans- -R. S. C., PHMI. USN. to commence and cease firing. Is m y
ferred to sea duty where I remained until memory correct?-J.S.H., CRM, USN.
separated on 2 Fcb 1946. I have now Approximately. Admiral Thomas C.
shipped over a s CGMA. Is it necessary :hange in Manual Kincaid (then Vice Admiral) was Com-
for me to complete a full year of sea duty SIR: Can vou tell me what subiects are mander Central Philippines Attack Force
as CGMA before I a m eligible for per- covered by ‘Part D Chapter 2 ” BuPers (7th Fleet, augmented). Admiral Kincaid
manent appointment as CGM?-E. H. C., Manual? I notice that there is’ no such was not. in the immediate Surigao battle
PCGMA. USN. chapter in my copy of t h a t publication. area. Vzce,Admiral J . B. Oldendorf (then
No. See Appendix A para. 15 of It is not listed in the table of contents. Rear Admzral) was Commander Support
BuPers Circ. Ltr. 1 2 6 - 4 5 { N D B , Jan-$une but there is a reference made to a n Force and OTC o f our actual forces i n
1945). Time served in a temporarv omcer article D-2003(3) in the index for P a r t Surigao Strait. He was aboard uss Louis-
. status may be counted toward mecting re- D.-R. F. S., Y1, USN. ville (CA 2 8 ) stationed in the left flank
, quirements , f o r enlisted promotion. I F I f your Manual has been corrected to forces. Rear Admiral Theodore D. Rud-
your case, z t m a y be added to any preva- date it should show that Part D Chapter dock was ComBatDiv4 aboard u s s W e s t
, ous or subsequent time served o n sea duty 2 . “Identification,” toas deleted b j Change Virginia ( B B 4 R ) , whose ships (West Vir-
..asCGMA to fulfill the one-year sea duty No 1 BuPers Manual 10 July 1 9 4 4 aqd gznaa, Marvland) were nmoncl, and 1eadin.q
-requirement f o r appointmeEt to Pay tha’t haterial f o r m e r l i contained in ’Part !yT;hat order, those ships that crossed the
I Grade 1. However. retroactave advance- D , Chapter 2, is now in Part A , Chaptev ( f r o m v a n to. rear, West Virginia,
.??tents or changes in status are not au- ,#.-ED. Maryland. Mississippi, Tennessee, Cali-
thorized.-ED. fornia, Pennsylvania).
SIR: I was advanced to CRMA 1 Aug Coast Guard Reserve I t may be said that Admiral OMendorf
1945. I have had eight years continuous SIR:(1) Are a n y p l a n s being considered “master-minded” the tactics of this battle,
,sea duty. but in Februarv 1946 I w a s which occurred 2 5 Oct 1 9 4 4 . He presided
.ordered to shore dutv. fionsefliientlv T Guard Reserve Ricers and en- at a conference the day before the battle,
had only six months ;ea duty 2s- CRMA. listed men, suc Organized and at which the possibility of crossing the <‘T”
(1) Do I have to wait until six months Volunteer Nav in this situation was discussed. Admiral
a f t e r I return to sea as CRMA before I may Coast Guard Ruddock was among those subordinate
become eligible f o r permanent appoint- porarily with Naval Reservists?-P. C.. commanders who aided materially in bring-
ment? ( 2 ) If this is so, what is the logic Lt. (jg), USCGR. i n g the plan to fruition. Although not in
behind this requirement?-M. P. G., (1) N o plans have been completed f o r command o.f the battle line, he initiated
CRMA, USN. active tflaining in the Coast Guard Re- the battleshap action by directing his flag-
* (1) Yes. ( 8 ) The N a v y is seagoing in serve. (2) Yes, but omcers must resign ship to open fire at the correct range.
ALL HANDS rearets implication in its
the trme sense of the wprd. For ratings f r o m USCGR to enroll in the Naval Re-
whivh have a definzte ballet a t sea, z t i s serve. They probably would retain their previous article t h a t . a sannle o,ficer was
congidered to be required that a CPO present rank. There i s no Coast Guard responsibb for crosszng the (‘T’’. But to
should serve an hzs actzng appointment for Reserve f o r enlisted men. They may en- the Japs, who lost a large part o f their
a definite time at sea. That period has roll in the Naval Reserve, but will not re- navy thereby ( t w o B B s , three DDs sunk
bee$ set at 18 months in order that the tain any rate above that of.SB. They m a y outright; one CA, one CL dqmaged, sunk
CO m a y determane. adequately a man’s advance by takinq a prescmbed amount of by azr attack on the followzng d a y ) the
question, ‘<Who crossed the (T’?” must
elagebzlity f o r appoantment to p a y grade training O A a voluntary basis (see p. 58).
I.-ED, -ED. seem more than a little academic.-ED.

.”.” ~ ..

Extended E nlistment
SIR:Mv minoritv cruise exDirerl 30 Ocb
1944. I extended -my enlistgent f o r two
years 9 J a n 1945. My extension paper
states t h a t my extension will expire two
years after the expiration of my previous
enlistment, which I have signed. The CO
of the station at that time had me signed
up until 9 J a n 1947 without my signa-
ture. Which is corr&t?-D. J. B., GM3, Under Public Law 1 9 0 , 79th Cbngress,
USN. persons .dascharged or released f r o m actzve
I n accordance with a wartime rule, service f o r the purpose of enlistimg, re-
Alnav 1 5 5 - 4 1 (NDB. cum ed.; 4 1 - 2 0 1 9 ) , USS BALAO-Claim upheld by records. enlisting or appointment in the regular
enlzstments were arbitrarzly extended in N a v y on or after 1 Feb 1 9 4 5 are el%gzble
cases of N a v y men who did not volun- to receave mustering. out payment.
taraly reenlzst or extend thew enlzstments. Late Last Shot Claim Under Public Law 885, the Mustering-
l‘hezr enlistments dzd not, therefare, ex- SIR: To date I do not believe t h e sub- Out Payment Act, no mustering out pay-
pare untzl the date precedzng executzon of marine of which I had command has been ment shall be made to any member of the
reenlistment contract or on the date o f mentioned in the “last shot” controversy. armed forces who at the time of discharge
executzon of an extension agreement. Your uss Balao ( S S 2 8 5 ) ceased Are at 0641 or relief f r o m active service, is transferred
enlzstment expzred the date of your ex- GCT on 1 4 Aug 1 9 4 5 after sinking one and or returned to the retired list with retire-
tenszon agreement, 9 J a n 1 9 4 5 , and you beaching one small patrol vessel by gun- ment pay, or to a status in whzch he re-
wall be requared to serve two years f r o m fire in Toni Wan just south of Kameishi cezves retzrement pay.
that date.-ED. on the east coast of Honshu. We battle- Inasmuch as you reenlisted prior to 1
surfaced and pursued the vessels into the Feb 1 9 4 5 uou are not eliaible to receive
,Minority Cruise bay in order to sink them. A number of mustering >ut payment fo;. the period of
rounds also were expended on points of service ending in March 1 9 4 4 . Y o u also
SIR:( 1 ) Does a m cruise of three aim on the beach. I believe this noses out will be inelzgible f o r musterzng out pay-
years, one month, 2 count as four all other claimants to “last shot” honors, ment a t completiok of your present tour
years for pay and urposes on 20- except Torsk, and ents the Anal gun- o f duty i f y o u are transferred to the Fleet
year transfer to the Reserve? ( 2 ) flre sinking of t r.-R. K. R. W., Reserve and placed o n inactive dutg w i t h
Comdr, USN. retainer pay.-ED.
ction of GCM deducted in figuring pay lao’s claim. Only
d 20-year retirement?-D. G. M,, +CEM, reported to ALL
Duty of Consulates
--- .
119N SIR: I n a n August issue of Life there’
appeared a photo of two officers and a
.2 ( 1 ) Section 202 of the Naval Reserve was that of uss Torsk ( S S 4 2 s ) whach chief petty officer who,. i t stated, were at-
Act of 1 9 3 8 provides that a complete en- sank two Japanese frigates with torpedoes, tached to the American Consulate at
lastnaent durina minoritv shall be counted one at 1 9 9 5 and the other at 8117 (GCT) Vladivostock, Russia. ( 1 ) What CPOs pu!l
as four years’ servzce ?or Fleet Reserve o n 14 August. Hostilztzes officzally ceased
that type of duty? ( 2 ) What a r e their
transfer. Only actual time served in the at 2 5 0 0 14 August (GCT). See ALL HANDS, duties? ( 3 ) Through what channels does
enlistment counts f o r pay purposes. ( 2 ) June 1 9 4 6 , P. 39.-ED. one request consulate duty?-B. B. B.,
Art. H-9407 BuPers Manual provides
that time &ent in non-perfobnuace ,of Resignation of Regulars CSM, USN.
duty whzle imprisoned under court martzal SIR: I received a commission in the * ( 1 ) Storekeepers and yeomen were as-
sentence shall be counted .for Fleet Re- Medical Corps of t h e regular Navy 1 J a n szgned, durzng the war, to duty with Naval
serve transfer. Such time as deducted f o r 1944. Previously I held a reserve com- Attaches and Liaison Offices zn forezgn
pay purposes.-Eo. mission. and was on active duty for nine countries. ( 2 ) Their dutaes were clemcal
months as a temporary regular. My ques- and disbursing. ( 3 ) Enlisted personnel are
tion is in regard to Alnav 283-45 (NDB, being recalled from this duty and are being
Return t o Old Rate 30 September), which states that a n y offi- replaced b y federal Civil Service employees.
S I R : After four years active duty I cer who applies for transfer to the regu- Qualified ex-servicemen are eligible f o r
was honorably discharged a s a Y1. Later lar Navy and then decides he does not these assignments and m a y address in-
I decided to reenter the naval service. As want to stay, may resign on 1 J a n 1947 quiries t o GNO, (Op-38), Washington 2 5 ,
Y1 was not then oDen I was forced to and his resignation automatically will be D. C.-ED.
enter as a Y2. Is i i possible-for a n ad- accepted by the President. Does this ap-
justment to be made, and for me to get ply to me?-O.W., Lt., USN.
back the rate of Y1?-F.T.H.. YZ. USN. No. Because you accepted your appoint- Souvenir Books
e BuPers decides such cases on the in- ment before Alnav 2 8 s went into effect,
dividual merit of each case. If you desire it does not apply to you. Alnav 2 8 3 ap- In this section ALL HANDS each month will
a n adjustment in your case it is suggested plies only to officers appointed under Pub- print notices from ships and stations which
that you submit a n official letter t o Bu- lic Law 3 4 7 , 77th CongreSS.-ED. are publishing souvenir books or “war rec-
Pers via the CO.-ED. ords” and wish to advise personnel formerly
Philippine Defense attached. Notices should be directed through
channels to the Chief of Naval Personnel
Air Boats Third SIR: Are personnel who served aboard (Attn: Editor, ALL HANDS], and should in-
USS Paul Jones (DD230) from 8 Dec 1 9 4 1 clude approximate publication dote, oddress
SIR: W h a t is the proper name for avia- to 2 1 Mar 1942 entitled to wear the
tion boatswain’s mate, third class petty of ship or sfation, price per copy and whether
Philippine Defense Ribbon? If so. do thev money is required with order. Men who see
officer-aviation coxswain> or aviation u1 $rate any stars?-R. K. S., CY, USN.
boatswain’s mate, third class?-D. V. J., these notices are asked to pass the word to
Personnel who served aboard the Paul former shiphates who w i l l be interested.
GM3, USN. Jones f o r 30 days during the pe+od 1 2
Dec 1 9 4 1 to 3 Apr 1 9 4 2 are entatled to ALL HANDS has no information on souvenir
Aviation boatswain’s mate, third class. books published b y any command, except
-ED. wear the Philipptne Defense Ribbon with, those notices which have appeared i n this
one star.-ED. space since March, 1946.
Souve?tir books of the fo2lowing ships
are avazlable at the prices indzcated;
address: Sterling Engraving Company,
Room 8 0 6 , 1417 Fourth Avenue Bldg.;
Seattle 1 , Wash. u s s Richard P. Leary
( D D 6 6 4 ) $ 5 Heywood L. Edwards
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( C V E 70) $ 5 , Makassar Strait (CVE
91) $51 Takanis Bay ( C V E 8 9 ) $ 5 ,
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1 0 0 ) $ 5 , General Leroy Eltinge ( A P
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uss Chilton ( A P A 9 8 ) . Address:
Commanding Officer,us8 Chilton ( A P A
3 8 1 , c / o FPO, Sun Francisco. One copy
free to men who served aboard prior
to I J a n 1 9 4 6 .
us9 Cleveland ( C L 5 5 ) . Address:
Recreation Oficer us9 Cleveland ( C L
5 5 ) Philadelphia b r o u p 16th Fleet, U .
S. kava1 Base Philadelphia l e Pa.
One copy free’on request to f6rmer
crew members.
uss Franklin (CV 1 3 ) . Address: Al-
bert Love Enterprises, 1060 Capitol
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pected 1 November, not limzted to for-
mer crew members. Price, $5 per copy.
uss LST 692. Address: N. T. Ben-
son, 763 Buckingham Place, Chicago
1 3 , Ill. Copies free to former crew

SecNav Outlines Policies and S ,

In Governments of Pacific Islands

- -Objectives
U. S.
. - - . --
u n bept. Z ’lhe New York Times car-
ried an editorial entitled “Pacific
a r ~ i v u vrL.-,,--.-l7- I -sa--
u r r t w w ~s A erier

Islands.” I am appreciative of The

To N. Y. Times Reprinted
Times’ well deserved reputation for ac- This article was writtcn by Sec-
curacy and objectivity, but feel that in retary of the Navy James Forrestal
this instance your editorial opinion as a letter to the editor of the New
could not have been derived from a York Times, on 20 September. The
full knowledge of pertinent facts. letter appeared on the Times edi-
The editorial groups “Guam, Ameri- torial page on 24 September, and is
can Samoa and the mandated islands here reprinted.
we took from Japan” and states “that
our Government intends, unless Con-
gress should make it change its mind,” upon some domestic organic act or. ai
t o leave these islands indefinitely un- in the case of G u a m a n d American
der military rule. Samoa, upon Presidential executive
Guam and American Samoa are pos- orders.
sessions of the United States, the for- On Dec. 23,1898, President McKinley
mer having been captured by the issued Executive Order No. 153180,
United States Navy during the Span- which reads: “The island of Guam in
ish-American War and ceded t o the the Ladrones is hereby placed under
United States by the Treaty of Paris; the control of the Department of the
the latter being voluntarily ceded t o Navy. The Secretary of the Navy will
the United States Government. take such steps as may be necessary
There is a distinction between the to establish the authority of the United
United States possessions of almost States and to give it the necessary
fifty years’ standing and islands re- protection and government.” On Feb.
cently seized by the defeat of the en- 19, 1900, President McKinley similarly
emy in the Pacific. The status of these plsced the islands of American Samoa
latter islands is now that of captured under the jurisdiction of the Secretary
ex-enemy territory, and as such they of the Navy.
are administered under military gov- To my knowledge, the offering of
ernment in the same manner as the Guam and American Samoa for trus-
Ryukyus, the Bonins, Korea and the teeship under the United Nations has
ex-enemy homelands. never been suggested by responsible
There is also a significant distinction sources.
between “military rule” and naval civil I thoroughly agree that our national
government. The latter is in effect in security is important and that, there-
those Pacific islands which are not ex- fore, we must maintain strong Pacific
enemy territory. The difference be- bases. Single island positions cannot
tween military government and civil be considered strong bases. Selected
government stems from the underlying islands can, however, together with
basis of authority. Military govern- Guam, form a far-reaching, mutually
ment is based on principles of inter- supporting base network, although
national law which require an occupy- each alone would fall far short of be- .
ing power t o provide a form of gov- ing an impregnable bastion. Large-
ernment in the absence of the deposed scale offensives cannot be mounted ”
power. Civil government of island pos- from a small island base. An appro-
sessions, on the other hand, is based priate base network, however, permits

riled N e t h e r l a n d s

ful B-29s made first

of the U. S. Navy Military Govern-
ment to give effect to the announced
policies of the United States by:
“1. The physical restoration of dam-
aged property and facilities.
“2. The continued improvement of
health and sanitation.
“3. The early establishment of self-
governing communities.
“4. The institution of a sound pro-
gram of economic development of
trade, industry and agriculture along
lines which will ensure that the profits
and benefits thereof accrue t o the na-
tive inhabitants and which will assist
them in achieving the highest possible
level of economic independence.
“5. The establishment of an educa-
tional program adapted to native ca-
pabilities and to local environmen‘s
and designed to assist in the early
achievement of the foregoing objec-
These aims are identical with those
of the naval civil governments of
Guam and American Samoa.
A group of selected naval officers
has recently completed a course a t
Stanford University designed to t r z h
them f o r duties in connection with
naval, military and civil government.
Official U. S. Navy photograph In addressing this group on the occa-
TOY TRAIN PLAYS part in education of Guamanian children under Naval sion of their graduation on Aug. 30,
Civil Government. Interest among moppets is not, it appears, unanimous. 1946, the Honorable Herbert Hoov:r
said in part: “The Navy has f o r man7
full exploitation of mobility of forces, ers, an advisory Congress, and all years administered such Pacific idan,’?
which was such a vital factor in vic- courts except the Court of Appeals are as we have held and I can say unquali-
tory in the Pacific. staffed exclusively by Guamanians. A fiedly that their administration has
Your editorial states that our record United States naval officer has been been completely without-blemish.” He
in American Samoa and Guam does appointed Governor of Guam and he is continued to say that it would be a
not give adequate assurance of the responsible directly to the Secretary of fatal mistake t o remove these islands
preservation of democratic rights of the Navy. The participation in the from naval administration. He also
the inhabitants of the Pacific islands processes of government by the popu- said that it was his hope that we were
while assuring the protection of na- lation of American Samoa is similar going to hold to the Pacific islands a s
tional security interests. That is the to that of the Guamanians. primary to the safety of the American
exact objective of naval civil govern- As I have stated, certain other Pa- people and that such holding could not
ment and, for that matter, of military cific islands are under military govern- be held an extension of imperialism be-
government as well. The Navy’s rec- ment. The directive of military gov- cause we have no designs for economic
ord in Guam and American Samoa ernment in the occupied islands in- exploitation.
needs no defense. This record, how- cludes the following: I heartily concur with these views
ever, has been recently attacked by “It shall be the mission and duty of Mr. Hoover.
irresponsible criticism.
It is difficult to understand your as-
sertion that the Chamorros on Guam
had more self-government under Spain
than they have had since 1898. AS
stated in the Report of the United Na-
tions of July, 1946, prepared by the
Navy Department, on Guam and
American Samoa, the civil rights of
the inhabitants of Guam a s to freedom
of speech, press, religion, assembly
and others are not infringed. Limita-
tions which were necessarily placed
upon individual liberty during opera-
tions of war by certain proclamations
of the Military Governor were, of
course, removed when the naval civil
government was restored on May 30,
1946. Most of these limitations had
been removed earlier.
Inhabitants are treated in all re-
spects on the basis of equality with
the United States citizens in Guam ex-
cept for the matter of wage scales,
where a differentiation exists based on
the present relative standards of liv-
ing. Local law prohibits any land-
owner alienating land to a non-Guam-
anian without approval of the Gover-
nor. This is part of the United States
policy of “Guam for the Guamanians” Official U. S. Navy photooraph
which is intended t o prevent exdoita-
tion of the inhabitants by outsiders. SM-THAT’S SEAMONSTER, son, not signalman-was overmatched when it
There are Guamanian Commission- attempted to ram- USS Princeton. Sailors watch death struggles of victim.

34 A l l UAIYVS
‘Threshold of New Age’
Theories of national policy and se-
curity, battered under impact of nu-
clear physics and the atomic bomb,
will be scrutinized in sessions of the
new National W a r College which
opened 3 September in Washington,
D. C., with an address by the Com-
mandant, Vice Admiral Harry W. Hill,
* USN.
Admiral Hill told high-ranking
members of the Navy, Army, Air
Force and State Department, students
in the first U. S. school of its type:
“Recent technological developments
have brought us t o the threshold of a
new age. The implications of nuclear
physics and the atomic bomb may re-
quire a complete reorientation of our
old ideas regarding national policy
and security. Because of that, it is
doubly important that you keep your Official U. S. Navy photograph
minds flexible and free of any precon- BIGGEST GUN, waist ‘gag, oldest Navy hospital ship are retired a t one
ceived ideas.”
Eminent civilian and service autho- time as USS Relief joins Mothball Fleet after 26 years’ gallant service.
rities comprise the faculty.
cruisers in the Atlantic, relieves Ad- Relief Relieved
Changes in Command miral Denfeld.
0 Vice Admiral W. H. P. Blandy, Decommissioning of the uss Relief
SecNav James Forrestal announced Commander Joint Task Force 1, takes (AH 1 ) recently at Norfolk Naval
eight major command changes, sched- over as Commander Eighth Fleet in Shipyard put the Navy’s oldest hospi-
uled to take place within the next few the Atlantic, replacing Admiral Marc tal ship into the Mothball Fleet and
months. A. Mitscher, who recently became laid to rest the Navy’s oldest wheeze:
Slated for retirement were Admiral CincLant. “What ship carries the biggest
.Tohn H. Towers, CincPac; Admiral Ben 0 Vice Admiral Earl W. Mills, n?w gun?”
Ifloreell, Chief of Material Division Deputy Chief of BuShips, relieves Vice It was the Relief, first ship built
(see p. 37) ; Vice Admiral Harold G. Admiral Edward L. Cochrane as Chief from keel up for military hospital pur-
Bowen, Chief of Naval Research; Vice of the Bureau in November. poses, which carried the biggest gun.
Admiral Aubrey W. Fitch, Superin- 0 Admiral Cochrane succeeds Ad-
An 18-inch barrel, manufactured for
tendent of the Naval Academy; and miral Moreell. BuOrd experiments, was fixed in her
Vice Admiral Arthur S. Carpender, hold as ballast. The Relief, of course,
0 Commodore Paul F. Lee relieves
Director of Public Relations. Rear Ad- mounted no guns o r weapons of any
miral Luis de Florez, Assistant Chief Admiral Bowen in November. type, in conformance with interna-
of Naval Research and a reservist, is 0 Rear Admiral James L. Holloway, tional law.
returning to civil life. now an Assistant Chief of Naval Per- The Relief’s keel was laid in 1917
Here are the changes: sonnel, replaces Admiral Fitch in and, construction interrupted by
0 Vice Admiral Louis E. Denfeld, January. World War I, she was commissioned
now Chief of Naval Personnel. relieves 0 Rear Admiral Felix L. Johnson, in 1920. She joined the fleet in 1921,
Admiral Towers in February.’ also an Assistant Chief of Naval Per- the second ship t o bear the name. The
0 Vice Admiral William M. Fech- sonnel, in November relieves Admiral first Relief served as a hospital ship
teler, now commander battleships and Carpender. in the Spanish-American War, Philip-
pine Insurrection and Boxer Uprising.
Refitted just prior to World W a r 11,
the Relief served gallantly throughout
the recent hostilities.
The uss Bountifu2 (AH 9), origi-
nally the uss Henderson ( A P l), was
commissioned in 1917 but was not con-
verted to a hospital ship until 1944,

‘Okie’ to Scrap Pile

USS Oklahoma, venerable ex-BB 37,
was scheduled last month to be sold
for scrap, “as and where she is.”
Oklahoma’s hull is a t Pearl Harbor,
where she was raised nearly two years
after she capsized and went to the bot-
tom in the J a p attack.
The old battlewagon, sister ship of
the Nevada, was first commissioned 2
May 1916. The two were the first U.S.
battleships built to burn all oil fuel;
Nevada has geared turbines, Oklahoma
reciprocating engines.
The ships carried 10 14-inch 45s in
two twin and two triple turrets. They
were modernized first in 1927-29, tri-
pod masts replacing the old cages and
bulges fitted. Early in the war Nevada,
also hit a t Pearl, was again modern-
Official U. S. Navy photourapll ized; her tripod mainmast was removed
GLOBAL PALAVER is held by quarfet o f midshipmen-two Americans, two and an AA battery of 16 5-inch 38s in-
from Brazil-as latter visit U. S. Naval Academy during training cruise. stalled.
OCTOBER 1946 35
Navy Chauffeurs Delegates
Nearly 150 bluejackets and marines
went on, stage before a distinguished
international audience when they be-
gan work as chauffeurs for the dele-
gates to the General Assembly of the
United Nations, scheduled to convene
in New York late this month. Cars.
and drivers already were in use for
members of U. N. committees.
The Army, Navy and Marine Corps,
a t the request of the United Nations,
were to provide 240 sedans and more
than 400 drivers and mechanics, t o
operate a motor pool for use of the
delegates. It was expected the service
would materially assist the delegates,
most of them unfamiliar with New
York City and its transportation prob-
Candidates for the coveted billets
were handpicked by naval district com-
Official U. S. Navy photograph mandants and Marine Corps activities.
‘SMASH HIT’ is result of +est of nylon safety harness as TBM crashes into bar- Men chosen were required t o be certi-
ricade at 125 mph. Only dummy pilot, it should be explained, is in plane. fied to drive Navy vehicles, and to
meet high standards of intelligence
and appearance, alertness, neatness,
largest Egg Beater Harness Tried Out conduct and tactfulness. Knowledge of
a foreign language was not a requisite,
Experimental flight tests of the Navy tests of a new nylon safety but commandants were advised that
world’s largest and first twin-engine harness for pilots were taken out of such knowledge would help.
helicopter have been conducted at Lam- the laboratory last month, when naval Drivers and mechanics are billetted
bert-St. Louis Municipal Airport for scientists staged a practical trial at in a barracks on the campus of the
the past few months. The helicopter, the Naval Air Experimental Station, City College of New York, where
known as the Navy’s XHJD-1, was Philadelphia Naval Base. preparations were made, under direc-
built by the McDonnell Aircraft Cor- I n the first of a series of tests t o tion of the United Nations, to feed and
poration under the direction of BuAer. obtain the best design for the harness, house them, and provide for their off-
The two IO-foot-blade rotors turn in the scientists simulated a violent crash duty recreation.
opposite directions, side by side, mak- by catapulting a Navy TBM into a The chosen chauffeurs and mechanics
ing a tail or torque-rotor unnecessary. barricade a t a speed of 125 miles an reported early in New York for thor-
They are powered by two 450-horse- hour. Both the plane and a harness- ough indoctrination in United Nations
power Pratt and Whitney Wasp Jr. equipped dummy were fitted with va- organization, recognition of high offi-
engines mounted midway on the pylons rious instruments to determine cials, and the New York City traffic
extending from the fuselage out to the strength and elasticity of the harness. system.
rotor hubs. From the experiments, researchers The 30 marines appeared in the new
The twin-engines are intended t o expect to devise a harness which will Marine Corps uniform, and the 120
give the XHJD-1 greater reliability hold a pilot in his seat in the event of Navy men went to work in the tradi- ‘
for safety over rough terrain, popu- a crash, yet have enough elasticity to tional “bellbottoms.”
lated areas or water. The helicopter i s prevent serious injury from the ter- The assignment is in the nature of
designed to cruise a t more than 100 rific jolt. additional duty.
miles per hour with a useful load of
over 3,000 pounds.
The XHJD-1 will fly on either of the
two engines. Either engine is able to
drive both rotors through a system of
over-running clutches. If power fails
in flight, the rotors will continue to ro-
tate and the craft can glide to a land-
ing in somewhat the same manner a s a
fixed wing airplane.
Human Spinnypigs Tested
A human centrifuge, in which sub-
jects will be whirled at speeds ap-
proaching 1,000 miles an hour, will be
built by the Navy to study man’s re-
actions to forces created by supersonic
The centrifuge will resembl?‘ .in
principle a n amusement park air-
plane.” It will be the world’s largest,
and will be constructed at the Naval
Aircraft Modification Unit, Johnsville,
Naval flight surgeons pointed out
that airplanes have been designed
with performance characteristics be-
yond man’s present physiological
limits. The centrifuge will enable
them to determine such limitations cia1 U. S. Navy photooraph
accurately, and will serve to develop
protective devices and means to ex- WORLD’S LARGEST HELICOPTER, first twin-engine h e l k p t e r to fly, was
tend these limits. built for Navy to obtain vital data useful in field of rotary wing aircraft.
36 A l l UANVS
Makes Difference
The coming of the guided missle,
and considerations of economy, have
considerably altered the Navy’s cur-
rent shipbuilding program.
Forerunners of a probable revolution
in ship construction and naval tactics,
USS Kentucky (BB 6 6 ) and uss Ha-
waii (CB 3) will become the Navy’s
first warships equipped to launch
missiles. Construction on the Kentucky
was curtailed in January of this year,
and on the Hawaii in August, to allow
necessary design changes.
Vice Admiral E. L. Cochrane, USN,
Chief of BuShips, said, “It is still too
early to make any forecast of the ulti-
mate design characteristics of these
ships, except t o say that they will be
guided missile warships.”
A guided missile, by the way, may
be any pilotless object which can be
sent against a target and controlled in
flight. Such a missile might carry
atomic explosives in its warhead and
be capable of ranging great distances.
Earlier the Navy had announced an
economy move which will delay con-
Official U. S. Navy photograph struction of six ships now building in
HURTLING INTO AIR, this TBM is sped from ‘electropult,’ gadget for four naval shipyards, and slow con-
struction on 11 others building in six
aiding takeoffs in limited space. Developers were Westinghouse, Navy. private yards. Construction on an-
other group of 23 ships was at such an
SATO: SI ingshot-Assisted Takeoff advanced stage that the economy plan
would not affect their delivery to the
At *Naval Air Test Center, Patux- ‘on board ship, but BuAer does not fleet.
ent River, Md., and Mustin Field, ignore this as a future possibility. Three of these were scheduled for
Philadelphia, the Navy brings t o a Commercial aviators see the catapult delivery late this month: uss VaZZe?/
fine stage of perfection a principle as essential t o mid-ocean floating Forge (CV 45), uss Manchester (CL
David once used on an outsize char- seadromes, mid-city airports and re- 83) and uss Toledo (CA 133). The
acter named Goliath. vival of outgrown airports. remainder were expected t o be ready
W i t h a n electrically-powered The Navy planned the electric for duty within the next few months:
“sling-shot,” airplanes are being catapult only for expeditionary, or uss W r i g h t (CVL 49), uss F r e s n o
hurled into the air after a run so shore-based operations and not a s a (CL 121), uss Rochester (CA 124)
brief it is best described as sudden. replacement for present shipboard and several DDs, DES, submarines,
The Maryland installation recently types. minecraft, , auxiliaries and landing
changed the status of a jet-propelled Not unlilde ’a trolley line, the cata- craft.
fighter from earthbound to airborne pult-that one installed a t Patuxent
in four and one-tenth seconds after River-has a roadbed 1,382 feet long Safe Fluid Developed
a takeoff run of only 340 feet. upon which races a shuttle car a t A non-inflammable hydraulic fluid
Westinghouse Electric Gorp. de- speeds ’as high a s 200 mph under which is expected Lo augment the fly-
veloped the new type catapult at dead weight loads. A Pratt & Whit- ing safety of both military and com-
request of the BuAer, whose experts ney aircraft engine drives generator mercial aircraft has been developed by
on aircraft launching foresaw its use coupled to an energy storage ar-
on tiny Pacific islands in the step- rangement which puts aut a s much the Naval Research Laboratory.
pingstone march on Japan. By-the as 15,000 horsepower over a period Rear Admiral L. C. Stevens, USN,
time of the first airplane launching of a few seconds. By means of a Assistant Chief of BuAer for Re-
on 8 June 1944, however, United bridle the aircraft is hitched to the search, Development, and Engineer-
States forces had started chewing off shuttle car, tugged swiftly down the ing, announced that the fluid, a re-
bigger bites of enemy-held territory, roadbed and sent hurtling into the sult of over three years intensive in-
and planes could run until their tires air. vestigation, was developed primarily
wore out, so large were the airfields Following are test figures showing to reduce the hazard of fires occurring
within striking distance of the Axis take-off speed and length of run for when hydraulic lines were punctured
homelands. different weights : by enemy action, but may be used by
The Navy and Westinghouse then commercial planes because of its non-
turned their attention to a different inflammable characteristics.
15,000 Ibs. 125.0 mph 612 ft. Operation of brakes, landing gear,
use for the catapult, christened 10,000 lbs. 144.0 mph 578 ft.
“electropult” by Westinghouse. Ap- landing flaps, controls, automatic pilot
pearance of German V-1 ‘‘flylng The catapult can be described as and other moving parts are dependent
bombs” initiated work t o adapt the ic motor unrolled like on hydraulic fluid piped under high
device for launching of robot and assembled in the cus- pr6ssure. The petroleum oil which
jet-propelled planes. tomary rotary form, the motor- was previously used een a fire
Both of the present installations would be,440 feet in diameter. One- hazard and many fire mbat have
are too large and too heavy for use twelfth of a stateside mile, that is. been attributed to its use.
The new fluid has a water base with
BuMed is composed of four corps, the addition of several materials
BuMed 104 Years Old Medical, Hospital, Dental and Nurse, which impart lubrication, prevent cor-
“To keep as many men a t as many and is headed by Vice Admiral Ross T. rosion and reduce the freezing point
guns as many days as possible”, is the McIntire (MC) USN, Surgeon General to 50 degrees below zero.
fundamental mission of the Bureau of of the Navy since 1938. In World The non-inflammable fluid, specified
Medicine and Surgery, oldest staff War I1 more than 97.8 per cent of for all new Navy airplanes, has been
corps of the Navy, which observed its Navy and Marine Corps battle casual- made available to airlines and aircraft
104th birthday on 31 August, ties survived. manufacturers.
38 ACL fMIv1)S
Accent on Reserve
The accent will be on the Naval Re-
serve 27 October when the Navy and
the Navy League of the United States
join in observance of the twenty-sixth
consecutive annual Navy Day.
In a letter to President Ralph A.
Bard of the Navy League, Acting
Secretary of the Navy John L. Sulli-
van formally designated the Navy
League a s official sponsor of the world-
wide celebration. He pointed out that
this first Navy Day following demobil-
ization is a n especially appropriate
occasion to emphasize importance of a
strong peacetime Naval Reserve. Th?
Navy League took a s its Navy Day
slogan, “Your Navy-victor in wzr,
guardian in peace,” and pressed plans
for a highlighted three-day program,
to continue over a period of one week.
Since 27 October falls on Sunday,
that day will be devoted to religious
services, particularly a ceremony in-
stituted last year in which people of
the United States may honor those
who lost their lives at sea. Participat-
ing persons a r e asked t o send a single
flower, wild or home grown, to one of
thirty-two designated ports of recep-
tion. There dockside ceremonies will
be held, ships with their fragrant
cargo sailed out of sight of land and
the flowers scattered on the waters.
On the Saturday preceding 27 Octo-
ber and the Monday following, tradi-
tional activities are scheduled-pa-
rades, reunions of Navy veterans, mass
meetings, dinners and luncheons,
“open houses” at naval ships and sta-
tions and a new feature, the Naval
Reserve Ball. In communities where
no Naval Reserve units have been
organized, recently-discharged Navy
men will sponsor these events.
Naval aviation, with Air Reserve
groups taking part, intends to display
the Navy’s air might in all cities in
the U. S., whenever practicable. Oflicial U. S. Navy photosraph
Ships will visit, in all cases possible, SIGHTING STARS throush the new two-star aircraft sextant i s Lt. Frances
the areas of which they bear token
names. In addition ships bearing Biadasz, formerly a liaison officer and instructor for French navigators.
names of heroes decorated with the
Medal of Honor will visit, when prac-’
ticable, the areas closest homes of their
SEXTANT with a “mechanical
Planes for Reserve A brain” that simultaneously mea-
sures the altitudes of two celestial
lines in the eyepiece and the sex-
tant’s levelling bubble.
Nearly one-quarter of the planes One major advantage of the in-
planned for the Navy in the fiscal year bodies and automatically records air- strument is that the observed stars
1947 will be devoted t o the Naval Re- craft positions has been developed and the levelling bubble are drawn
serve program, figures revealed by the by the Instruments Section of the out into a straight line by means of
N nt indicate. Of the Bureau of Aeronautics. . $ I
a cylindrical lens system. This re-
8, planes in the Navy The new sextant is for use ’in ai& duces the variables with which the
1, the use of the Naval craft and was developed from an navigator must contend to two and
Reserve. idea advanced by Dr. Vannevar provides ease of manipulation here-
Of the planes allocated to the Naval Bush, wartime leader in scientific tofore impossible.
Reserve program 1,156 or nearly two- research and development. It is run Tests of the new device have
thirds will be combatant types. In by clockwork and was developed in- proved its success in overcoming
actual operation in the Navy will be dependently by the National Defense difficulties encountered in previous
3,820 combat planes, 1,385 of them Research Committee. attempts t o design a similar instru-
first line aircraft for the regular About 20 minutes are required for ment.
Navy. Here are the totals: a navigator with an ordinary sextant The sextant will be submitted to
First line combat planes in op- to shoot and work out a three star further laboratory and flight tests.
eration .................... 1,385 “fix”. With the new sextant, most Following these tests, BuAer will
Other combat planes in opera- of the navigator’s work is done on make a determination of the prac-
tion ....................... 1,279
Non-combat planes in operation 3.466 the ground before the plane departs. tical aspects of the new instrument.
The new instrument is set up so Further laboratory and flight tests

Total regular Navy.. 6,130 that it will follow two selected stars of the intelligent sextant are being
Naval Air Reserve combat type
planes in operation.. ........ 1,156 during the course of the flight. After conducted by the Naval Air Experi-
Naval Air Reserve non-combat this is done, a single observation a t ment Station, Philadelphia. BuAer
type planes in operation.. ... -
724 any point during the flight shows requested completion of the tests by
Total Naval Reserve. .....
1,880 the course and distance t o the des- 15 October, although current work
Total Navy operating air- tinatisn by means of intersecting load may delay this date.
craft ..................
OCTO8€1p 1946 39
- . . . .. ._, ._ , 1 ,. , .-._

’Magic Carpet’ Rolled Up

The Navy has rolled up its “Magic
Carpet,” but its work long will be re-
membered by thousands of demobilized
sailors, soldiers and marines brought
back t o the States from all over the
Racing against the clock to meet the
pressure of rapid demobilization, ships
of the Naval Transportation Service,
augmented by combatant and auxiliary
vessels, successfully completed one of
the great mass movements of history.
During November and December
1945, peak months of the gigantic
operation, 456 Navy-manned ships
were covering vast distances to brinz
home veterans for discharge. Over-
head, planes of the Naval Air Trans-
port Service winged their way home,
loaded down with returning service-
When Japan made her unexpected
early surrender, the problem of satis-
fying public demand f o r quick return
of overseas personnel was tossed into
the lap of the armed forces. In the
Atlantic, the Army had been redeploy-
ing troops since V-E Day, and this pro-
grqm was converted to demobilization
with little difficulty. The machinery for
troop transportation was already in
motion and the experience gained in
redeployment was of great value in
handling the new task.
The Pacific, however, presented a
much different and more difficult prob-
lem, and it was here that the major
work of the “Magic Carpet” was done.
No ready program existed for the
great homeward movement of service-
men. Movements all had been in an
outbound direction. At the time of the
needed materials fop Chung- J a p surrender, a major portion of
n the up-river leg and rice for U. S. mjlitary might was poised for
ow on the down-river trips. the anticipated invasion of the Empire,
and after V-J Day much of this troop
movement capacity was tied up in the
4,000 to 5,OOFfeet above>hcYangtz& Some confusion has resulted from occupation of Japan.
The traditional Chinese method of In addition, the Navy discharpe
negotiating the rapids was slow and the fact that titles and locations of Doint svstem placed into effect shortly
uncertain. Foot paths have been joint service schools, the former
Army-Navy Staff and Army Indus- after the surrender of Japan mad:
carved in the sides of the cliffs and trial Colleges, have been changed and many thousands of overseas veterans
coolies with ropes guided sampans a new one, the Armed Forces Staff eligible for demobilization. The Navy
and junks through the rapids by sheer College, has been opened at Norfolk. had a moral commitment t o these men
manpower while the crews fended off The National War College, (for- to return them to civilian. life a s quick-
menacing rocks with poles. merly the Army-Navy Staff College), ly a s possible.
China, in desperate need of getting is now located on grounds formerly It became immediately apparent
rice to the famine area, turned t o the occupied by the Army War College, that regularly-assigned NTS trans-
Navy for help. The LSM was picked Washington, D. C. The Industrial Col- Dorts could not begin t o move the mil-
a s the craft best suited t o defeat the lions of servicemen scheduled for re-
rapids, since the ship is 212 feet in lege of the Armed Forces, (formerly turn home, so the plan was placed into
length, can carry 315 tons of cargo, Army Industrial College), is now situ- effect t o utilize all normal and impro-
draws only eight feet when loaded, ated adjacent t o the National War vised passenger space on all vessels,
and can make 13 knots loaded. College on premises previously used including combatant types, sailing fcr
Recently, the uss LSM 470 departed bv the Armv War College. The Armed the U. S.
Shanghai for Chungking, carrying Forces Staff College is a new school Originally, the term “Magic Carpet”
penicillin for Hankow and aviation in joint operations. was used to describe the homewar4
gasoline for the test run. The easy movements of troops on all types of
run up the broad lower reaches of the Universities Aid Research vessels, but as transportation pro-
Yangtze to Hankow was completed in A two-year research program under cedures became more highly organized
four days, but the ship still had t o the name “Project Ssuid” is being con- the phrase was used only in conneoticn
face the rapids bef7re she could reach ducted by five universities, to develop with ships assigned specifically to the
Chungking, starting point of her liquid rocket and intermittent jet pro- progam.
down-river “rice run.” pulsion devices for the Navy. The task confronting NTS’ Person-
After a three-dav cruise the ship The Office of Naval Research, at the nel Section was that of matching troop
reached Ichang. lnwer boundarv of the request of BuAer, set up a study $an movement requirements with available
treacherous rapids, where she was t o be conducted a t Cornell, Purdue, troop ship capacity.
forced to wait 13 gays for a rise in Princeton and New York universities Many ships whoqe wai\ exploits have
the river. The Yangtze finally rose, and the Polytechnic Institute of written a new chapter in American
and the nallant little craft began her Brooklvn. naval historv engaged in the operation.
battle. Three days later, she emerged A e r o d y n a m i c s, thermodynamics, Thousands of servicemen who retvmed
from the rapids and steamed trium- chemistry, mathematics and physics home on the Saratoga undovbtedly felt
phantly into Chungking. 4 s the first will be the fundamental subjects for a twinge in their hearts when the gal-
American naval vessel t o penetrate research. lant old carrier sank at Bikini after
40 4 4 4 UAIYDS
having compiled a notable record in
the “Magic Carpet” program. Among
the other carriers which participated
This Test Tells How You Rate
in the operation were the Enterprzse, How good a driver are you? During light to turn green on the cross
Randolph, Hornet, L a k e Champlain,
W a s p and Yorktown. Average load
of the CVs was between 3,500 and he choke on a
4,000 persons, but the Lake Champlain t easier to s t a r t
was especially converted to accommo- gratifying decrease in the incidence of
date well over 4,000. motor vehicle accidents (see ALL :kt ~ ~ ~ i ~ ~ ~
Battleships made their contribution,
although they were not a s well adapted
to the job. They carried more than
1,000 persons each trip. Among them 14. If you a r e driving at night with
were the Nevada (later the Bikini tar- turned on and YOU encounter a heavy fog.
ination which must be passed by Navy
drivers before they can be licensed. which one of the following actions would
You take to improve your visibility? (A)
Write out the answers, then turn to continue driving with the bright lights
p* ‘0 .to see how You with (use uuaer beam) ( B ) deDress your driv-
good drivers. ing b e a k (use lower beam) (Cj turn off
Driver ....- ....-..-.. Test
- .. -. Infarmatian ..-. 1
. -. No. . your lights (D) turn on all the lights as
Long Island, first of our escort car- 1. What is the most important thing to as
riers, led a long list of ships of this check when you drive a car for the first 15..If you cannot see any c a r in your
.type. , time? ( A ) The shackles for Dossible wear
(E) the headlights (C) t h e brakes (D)
rear-view mirror, you can be Sure that
(A) it is safe to back your c a r (B) it is
During peak operations in the Pa- safe to make a left turn (C) no car is
cific ships were assigned by types in the reverse gear.
the following numbers: APAs, 220; 2. If the approaching driver does not Passing yours (D) a c a r is not following
dim his liehts. YOU should (A) leave vour directly behind You.
AKAs, 28; AKs, 10; CVEs. 45: BBs, bright lights bn ( B ) dim your lights”(C)
6; AHs, 6; CVs, 7; APHs, &.; AVs, 5; drive onto the shoulder of the road (D) Driver Information Test No. 2
LSVs, 6; CVLs, 4 ; CLs, 11.; and CAS, use your parking lights. 1. Upon approaching a car on a two-
9-a total of 365 vesels-in addition 3. Most automobile skidding is ‘caused lane highway a t night I would (check
t o 49 APs operating regularly under by (A) fate and cannot be prevented (B) two)
I- 10.
too much snow or ice on the road (C) too a. ( ) Change to the lower headlight
much a i r in the tires (D) driving too fast beam.
In the Atlantic there were 4 CVs, 3 for the condition of the road. b. ( ) Speed up to get by quickly
CVLs, 2 CAS, 4 CLs, and 1 BB-a 4. At which of the following speeds does c. ( ) Reduce speed
total of 14 ships-in addition t o 28 of it cost most to drive a passenger c a r ? (A) d. ( ) Maintain bright lights so as to
the regular Naval Transportation 20 mph (B) 30 mph (C) 40 mph (D) see better
Service APs. there is no difference in cost. e. ( ) Flash my headlights rapidly off
Ships of the “Magic Carpet” and 5. If your right wheels go off the road and on
Transport Pool in the Pacific returned onto a rough shoulder, you should (A) 2. From the standpoint of avoiding ac-
more than 2.200,OOO persons, among slam on the brakes (B) steer straight and cidents, which six ( 6 ) of the following
which were Navy, Marine Corps, Coast slow down (C) turn the steering wheel parts of a n automobile a r e the most im-
quickly t o get back on the road (D) portant to keep in good condition?
Guard and Army personnel, and civil- speed up. a. ( ) Tires
ian workers, prisoners of war, war ’ 6. If you meet glaring lights at night, b. ( ) Dfferential
brides and other dependents. Aircraft you should ( A ) look straight ahead (B) c. ( ) Speedometer
brought back an additional 122,178. close your eyes for a second ( C ) look at d. ( ) Clutch
Although the smaller program in the right shoulder of the road (D) look e. ( ) Brakes
the Atlantic returned only 96,000 per- straight at the coming lights. f. ( ) Rear view mirror
sons, the ships operated at times under 7. I n ordinary driving on a level road, g. ( ) Engine
extremely hazardous weather condi- you should ( A ) keep your right foot on h. ( ) Steering mechanism
the accelerator ( B ) keep your left foot i. ( ) Horn
tions, particularly during the storms on the clutch and your right foot on the j. ( ) Lights
in November and December 1945. Many accelerator (C) rest your right foot k. I ) Gearshift
of the ships suffered considerable dam- lightly on the brake (D) maintain a n 1. ( ) Windshield wiper
age, but transportation of veterans even speed by using the hand throttle 3. You a r e driving at a moderate speed
continued. instead of the foot accelerator. on a straight stretch of slippery road,
Most of the combatant craft were re- 8. While you a r e waiting for the red slightly down grade with no approaching
leased from the operation in December light to change to green, you should (A) cars. The rear end of your c a r starts to
1945, but some CVEs were retained have the gear shift in low (B) s t a r t the skid toward the left. Which of the fol-
c a r on the amber light ( C ) put on the lowing steps would you take? (check two)
through January of this year. Al- hand brake (D) have the gear shift in
though the combatant ships were used a. ( ) apply my brakes hard
neutral. b. ( ) I would not use my brakes
only during the intensive phase of the 9. In starting the engine of a car, in c. ( ) Turn front wheels to right
program, the NTS transports began cold weather. you should (A) step on the d. ( ) Turn front wheels to left
the operation and carried right on to clutch even if you have checked the gear
4. At 40 miles an hour good brakes can
the end of demobilization. Of these, shift to see t h a t it is in neutral (B) place
the gear shift in low gear (C) release the stop a car on a dry, level pavement in
only 12 remain under NTS at present. about
Their chief task is transportating over- handbrake before turning on the ignition
. , stea- on the clutch only if the car is
(D) a. ( ) 36 feet
seas the dependents of men in the oc- in gear. b. ( ) 80 feet
cupation forces. 10. Under ordinary driving conditions, c. ( ) 1 5 0 feet
Speaking on behalf of the transpor- vou should b r i n s the car to a comDlete 5. The time it takes most drivers to
tation operation in the Pacific, Rear stop from a speed of over 3 0 mph by begin applying the brakes after visualiz-
Admiral ”William M. Callaghan, USN, stepping on the (A) clutch and brake ing a n unexpected situation requiring a
Chief .of the Naval Transportation pedals at the same time ( B ) clutch pedal stop in about : (indicate seconds and feet)
Service, declared : flrst and then the brake pedal ( C ) clutch a. ( ) $ second or . . . .... . feet at 30
and brake pedals together and then plac- miles per hour
“Considering the tremendous dis- ing the gear shift in neutral (D) Brake b. ( ) % second or . .... ...
feet at 30
tances of the Pacific, the great num- pedal Arst and then the clutch. miles per hour
bers of personnel involved and the 11. If you come to “can intersection c. ( ) 11h second or ........
feet at 30
short time in which i t had to be done, where there is no t r + s light, or offlcer, miles per hour
the return of our American warriors and a pedestrian is. crossing in front of 6. The most common factor in automo-
will rank as one of the great mass you, who has the right-of-way? ( A ) .you bile accident is :
movements in history.” have ( B ) the pedestrian has (C) you have a. ( ) Mechanical defects in the cars
The “Magic Carpet” began on 20 if you sound your horn (D) neither has. b. ( ) Poor design and condition of
12. If you want to make a left turn highways
September 1945. The last run was when the light turns green, you should c. ( ) The physical disability of motor
made by the transport Fremont, which (A) hurry to turn before traffic gets in vehicle operators
carried 1,200 men from the Philippines the way ( B ) signal and slowly make the d. (, , Unsafe practices of drivers and
to San Francisco in late August of this turn when traffic is not in the way ( C ) pedestrians
year. pull into the intersection and wait for e. ( ) Inadequate signs and signals
OCTO8€1p 1946 41
For -sons of security, the deed for which a man receives a decoration sometimes cannot be fully described either in this
section or in the actual citation which he receives. There may accordingly be reports here which do not tell the whole story.
L -

VPB 102 Skipper Corpsman Honored

Gets Highest Award For Okinawa Duty
The Medal of Honor was awarded For his action as a medical corps-
posthumously to Bruce A. Van Voor- man with an assault rifle platoon at-
his, Lt. Comdr., USN, of Coronado, tached t o the 1st Battalion, 22nd Ma-
Calif. for conspicuous heroism at the rines, 6th MarDiv, Fred F. Lester,
risk of his own life above and 'beyond HA1, of Downers Grove, Ill., was post-
the call of duty in action against the humously awarded the Medal of Honor.
enemy on Japanese-held Greenwich Is- He showed conspicuous gallantry
land during the Battle of the Solomon and fearlessness a t the risk of his life
Islands on 6 July 1943. Lt. Comdr. HA1 Lester
when on 8 June 1945 during action
As squadron commander of Bombing Van Voorhis
against enemy forces on Okinawa
Squadron 102 and as Plane Commander Shima in the Ryukyu chain, he saw a
of a PB4Y-1 patrol bomber, Lt. Comdr. wounded marine lying in an open field
Van Voorhis, fully aware that such a between the two front lines. He
mission offered a limited chance of sur- crawled forward toward the casualty
vival, voluntarily undertook to prevent under an intense barrage from enemy
a surprise Japanese attack against our machine guns, rifles and grenades. Al-
forces. He took off in total darkness on though he was badly wounded as he
a perilous 700-mile flight without es- inched forward, he disregarded the in-
cort or support and was successful in creasing fury of the fire and his own
reaching his objective despite treach- pain and pulled the wounded man t o a
erous and varying winds, low visibility covered position.
and difficult terrain. He was struck again by enemy fire
He coolly persisted in his mission of before he reached cover, but he exerted
destruction, though he was being BM2 Hammerberg , Corp. Berry tremendous effort and managed to get
forced lower and lower by pursuing the man to safety where, though he
planes. Fighting alone his relentless was too badly wounded to administer
battle under fierce antiaircraft fire and aid himself he instructed two of his
overwhelming aerial opposition, he squad in the proper treatment for the
abandoned all chance of a safe return. rescued marine. As he realized that
He executed six bold ground-level at- his own wounds were fatal, he refused
tacks to demolish the enemy's vital aid and calmly directed his men in the
radio station, installations, antiaircraft treatment of two other marines, less
guns and crew with bombs and ma- severely wounded than himself.
chine gun fire, and to destroy four Shortly thereafter he died, but his
fighter planes, one in the air and three selfless concern f o r the welfare of his
on the water. fighting comrades and his competent
Lt. Comdr. Van Voorhis was caught direction of others had saved the life
in his own blast and crashed into the of one who would otherwise have
lagoon off the beach. He sacrificed Sgt. Gray Pfc. La Belle perished and -had contributed to the
himself in a singlehanded fight against safety of countless others.
insuperable odds.

Diver Gets Award Medal Of Honor

For Rescuing Two To Five Marines
For the conspicuous gallantry and For extraordinary heroism and in-
unselfishness with which he risked his trepidity over and beyond the call of
life a s a &ver engaged in rescue oper- duty, five marines have been given the
ations at West Loch, Pearl Harbor, nation's top award, the Medal of
Hawaii, 17 Feb 1945, Owen F. P.. Ham- Honor.
merberg, BM2, USN, of Detroit, was The men who so unselfishly risked
awarded the Medal of Honor post- their lives were Tony Stein, Corp.,
humously. Pfc. Phelps Corp. Stein USMCR; Ross F. Gray, Sgt., USMCR;
When two fellow divers were help- Charles J. Berry, Corp., USMC; James
lessly trapped in a cave-in of steel to continue his struggle to wash D. La Belle, Pfc, USMCR; and Wesley
wreckage while tunneling with jet through the oozing, submarine, sub- Phelps, Pfc, USMCR.
nozzles under an LST sunk in 40 feet terranean mud in an effort t o save the The first four awards were presented
of water and 20 feet of mud, Hammer- other man. He ventured still further for action during the seizure of Iwo
berg unhesitatingly went overboard in under the buried hulk and reached a Jima in the Volcano Islands during
an attempt to rescue them. spot immediately above the trapped February and March of 1945. The
Despite the certain hazard of addi- diver just a s another cave-in occurred fifth award was presented for the un-
tional cave-ins and the risk of fouling and a heavy piece of steel pinned him hesitating sacrifice of personal safety
his lifeline on jagged pieces of steel crosswise over his shipmate. to save the life of a comrade in action
imbedded in the shifting mud, he His cool judgment, skill and con- against the Japanese forces on Peleliu
washed a passage through the original tinuous disregard of personal danger Island in the Palau group. All awards
excavation and reached the first of the saved the lives of the two trapped were made posthumously.
trapped men. divers, bu: the action cost him his own For his aggressive initiative, sound
Even though he was exhausted from life. He succumbed 18 hours after he judgment, and unwavering devotion to
the hours of intense work, he resolved went to the aid of his fellow-divers. duty on 19 Feb 1945 a t the initial as-
OCTOB€IP 1906 43
, ..."*.
thinking always of the safety of his
men rather than of himself.
Sgt. Ross F. Gray of West Blocton,
sault on Iwo Jima, Corp. Tony Stein Ala., won the award for his fearless
of Dayton, Ohio, was awarded the action in the Iwo Jima campaign a s
medal. Serving with Company A, 1st the acting platoon sergeant serving
Battalion, 28th Marines, 5th MarDiv, with Company A, First Battalion, 25th
Corp. Stein was the first man of his Marines, 4th MarDiv on 21 Feb 1945,
unit to be on station after having hit only two days after Corp. Stein’s
the beach. Armed with a personally heroic action during the landing. Sgt.
improvised aircraft type weapon, he Gray, as he was advancing with his
provided rapid covering fire as the re- platoon toward the high ground north-
mainder of his platoon attempted to east of airfield number one, shrewdly
move into position. gauged the tactical situation when they
When his comrades were stalled by were held up by a barrage of hostile
a barrage of machine gun and mortar grenades. After organizing the with-
shells, he stood up in full view of the drawal of his men from enemy grenade
enemy so that he might observe the range, Sgt. Gray quickly moved for-
location of the hostile guns, regard- ward alone to reconnoiter. He dis-
less of the fact that he was drawing covered a heavily mined area extend- Mulvaney on Bomb Disposal (BuOrd)
enemy fire to himself. He was deter- ing along the front of a strong net- “He’s made completely of atoms!”
mined to neutralize the strategically work of emplacements joined by
placed weapons and one by one, he covered communication trenches and own bods. Protecting the others from
boldly charged the enemy pillboxes and although assailed by furious gunfire, serious injury, he gallantly gave his
succeeded in killing 20 of the enemy. he cleared a path leading through the life.
Under the merciless hail of exploding minefield to one of the fortifications The Medal of Honor was awarded
shells and bullets which fell on all and returned to the platoon position. posthumously to Pfc. James D. La
sides, Corp. Stein remained cool and He informed his leader of the serious Belle, Minneapolis, who, during the
courageous a s he continued to deliver situation and volunteered to initiate an seizure of Iwo Jima on 8 Mar 1945,
the fire of his ingenious weapon with attack while being covered by three gave his life without hesitation that
such speed that his ammunition was fellow marines. others might live. Serving with a
soon exhausted. Alone and unarmed but carrying a weapons company, 27th Marines, 5th
Completely undaunted by the situa- deadly 24-pound satchel charge, he MarDiv, he filled a gap in the front
tion, he ran back to the beach for more crept up on the Japanese emplacement lines during a critical phase of the
ammunition. Eight times he made the and boldly hurled the short-fused ex- battle. He dug a foxhole with two
trip back, carrying or assisting a plosive, sealing the entrance. Although other marines and, although grimly
wounded man back each time. Despite machine gun fire opened up imme- aware of the enemy’s persistance in
the fury and confusion of,.the battle, diately from another opening to the attempting t b blast a way through our
he gave assistance t o his platoon when- same p o s i t i o n, he unhesitatingly lines with hand grenades, applied him-
ever the unit was in position, directing braved the increasingly furious fire to self with steady concentration to main-
the fire of a half-track against a crawl back for another charge. He re- taining a constant vigil through the
stubborn pillbox until he had effected turned to his objective and demolished night. When a hostile grenade sud-
the destruction of the Japanese fortifi- the position by blasting the second denly landed beyond reach in the fox-
cation. Later in the day he personally opening. He repeatedly covered the hole, he quickly estimated the situation
covered the withdrawal of his platoon ground between the savagely de- and determined to save the others if
to the company position, even though fended enemy fortification and his pla- possible. Shouting a warning to the
his weapon had been shot from his toon area and systemically approached, others, Pfc. La Belle threw himself on
hand twice. Throughout the day Corp. attacked, and withdrew under blanket- the deadly missile and smothered the
Stein risked his own life time and time ing fire. He succeeded in destroying a charge with his own body. He unself-
again over and above the call of duty, total of six Japanese positions, more ishly paid with his own life for the
than 25 of the enemy and a quantity safety of his friends.
of vital ordnance gear and ammunition. In addition t o the four marines who
Before finally rejoining his unit, Sgt. received the Medal of EIonor for ac-
Gray had singlehandedly overcome a tion at Iwo Jima, Pfc. Wesley Phelps
strong eneqy garrison and had com- of Rosine, Ky., was awarded the top
pletely disarmed an’ehemy minefield. award posthumously for action against
The medal was awarded to Corp. the Japanese on Peleliu, in the Palau
Charles J. Berry of Lorain, Ohio, who Group on 4 Oct 1944. Serving with the
was a‘member of a machine gun crew, 3rd Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st MarDiv,
served with the 1st Battalion, 26th Pfc. Phelps gave his life so that his
Marines, 5th MarDiv in the Iwo Jima companion might live. When during

engagement. On 3 March, the 23-year- the night the enemy launched a par-
old corporal gave his life that the other ticularly violent counterattack, he and
men in the crew might have a chance another marine occupying the same
of survival. Throughout the hazardous position were endangered by an enemy
night, Corn. Berry maintained a con- grenade that had landed in their midst.
stant watch with other members of his Without hesitating, Pfc. Phelps rolled
gun crew as he manned his weapon in upon the weapon, even though i t meant
the front lines with alert readiness. certain death. Completely disregard-
He was undaunted when, shortly after ing his own safetv, he took the full
m i d n i g h t infiltrating Japanese impact of the explosion and saved the
launched a surprise attack and at- life of his comrade.
tempted t o overrun his position. Fear-
lessly he engaged in a hand grenade
duel and returned the weapons with
prompt and deadly accuracy. When
finally an enemy grenade landed in a
foxhole, he determined t o save his First award:
comrades. With superb valor and un-
faltering devotion to duty in the face *BURNETT.Robert W., Lt. (jg), USNR,
Oakland, Calif. : As a pilot in Air Group
Official U. S. Navy photograph of certain death, he unhesitatingly 28, attached to the uss Molztereu, oper-
WIDOW of Solomons hero, Lt. diately chose to sacrifice himself and imme- ating against major units of the Japanese
threw himself on the deadly Fleet during the First Battle of the
Comdr. B. A. Van Voorhis, gets hus- missile, absorbing the shattering vio- Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944, Lt. (jg)
band’s Medal of Honor from SecNav. lence of the exploding charge in his Burnett, cool and courageous in the face

44 ’ A l l HANDS
of intense and accurate antiaircraft flrc
from numerous heavily armed enemy
ships, carried out a bold low-level bomb-
ing attack against the enemy fleet, result-
ing in four direct hits on a Japanese car-
rier. H e skillfully executed a safe landing
in the sea after returning 300 miles to his
task force through darkness and unfavor-
able weather.
*CHEEK, Tom F., Lt. (then Mach), USN,
Harrison, Ark.: As a section leader in a
flghter escort f o r torpedo planes in a n at-
tack on three enemy aircraft carriers, Lt.
Cheek showed extraordinary heroism and
distinguished service. During the Battle
of Midway on 4 June 1942, when viciously
attacked by a superior force of enemy
fighter planes, h e repeatedly diverted at-
tacking planes from the torpedo planes by Lt. (is) Burnett Lt. Cheek Lt. (is) Dreis Comdr. Laughon
skillful tactics and maneuvers. During
this encounter he persona:ly shot down a

Japanese fighter plane which was then
attacking U. S. planes, and rendered ex-
ceptional service in furthering our attack.
H e became separated from his wingman
in the course of the action, but continued
to press his attacks on enemy planes,
despite heavy antiaircraft f i ~ eand with-
out assistance from other planes. At the
completion of the engagement, he suc-
r cessfully found his carrier and landed
~ D R E I SThomas
, G., Lt. (jg) (then Ehs.),
USNR, Chicago: As a pilot in Air Group
28 attached to the uss Mouterey operating Lt. Pennoyer Vice Admiral Price Comdr. Rentz Comdr. Runyan
against units of the Japanese fleet during
the First Battle of the Phllippine Sea on
20 June 1944, Lt. (jg) Dreis showed
superb airmanship, aggressiveness, daring
combat tactics and unwavering devotion
to duty. Cool and courageous in the face
of intense and accurate anti%ircraft flre
from numerous heavily armed enemy
ships, he carried out a bold, low-level at-
tack against the enemy fleet. resulting in
two direct hits and two near misses on a
Japanese carrier. After returning to his
task force through 300 miles of darkness
and unfavorable weather, Lt. (jg) Dreis
skillfully landed safely on the Monterey.
*LAUGHON,Willard R., Comdr. (then Lt. Capt. Sears Lt. Comdr. Lt. Spaulding Lt. Young
Comdr.), USN, Seaford, Del. : While CO of Sirnmonelli
the uss Rasher during a w a r patrol in the
Paciflc from 1 9 Feb to 4 Apr 1944, Comdr. +RENTZ, George S., Comdr. (ChC), USN, 111.: As a squadron commander in Bomb-
Laughon boldly penetrated enemy infested Berkeley, Calif. (posthumously) : A t the ing Squadron 1 0 4 in the Solomon Islands
waters and sank flve hostile ships totaling time of the sinking of the uss Houston in a r e a from 26 Aug to 4 Nov 1943, Capt.
28,502 tons and damaged seriously a 7,064- the Asiatic Area on 28 Feb 1 9 4 2 Chaplain Sears was on several occasions, personally
ton vessel. Unfaltering in the fulfillment Rentz displayed heroism and supreme un- responsible f o r t h e destruction of enemy
of this assignment he executed a daring selfishness. As he clung to a n airplane ships. H e was leader of a n eight-plane
reconnaissance and handled his ship with pontoon with other survivors of the Hous- strike t h a t scored a direct hit and several
swift, evasive tactics bringing the Rasher ton, h e noticed that some of the injured near misses on the leading destroyer in an
safe to port. men were without life jackets and t h a t enemy task force, despite adverse weather.
+PENNOYER, Paul G. Jr., Lt. (then Lt. all the life rafts were overcrowded. H e On two other routine missions he inter-
( j g ) ) , USNR. Long Island, N. Y.: Serving stated that as he was a n older man he cepted and shot down a n enemy twin-
as a pilot in Air Group 28, attached to the was willing to give his place on the pon- engined bomber and sank a Japanese ves-
uss Monterey operating against enemy toon and his jacket to one of t h e wounded. sel. During the course of other flights h e
units of the Japanese fleet during the After being restrained repeatedly by his attacked a convoy in t h e face of fierce
First Battle of the Philippine Sea on 20 companions from leaving the pontoon, he opposition and scored two hits on aircraft,
June 1944, Lt. Pennoyer demonstrated finally succeeded after dark in carrying he personally attacked a submarine and
superb airmanship and daring combat tac- out his intention. Living up to the highest scored several near misses, and directed
tics. I n the face of intense and accurate ideals of the Navy and the chaplain's a n attack against a n enemy convoy trans-
antiaircraft fire from numerous heavily corps, he left his life jacket on one of the porting oil, scoring a hit on each of t h e
armed enemy ships, he carried out a bold injured and disappeared into t h e sea, thus oilers and disrupting t h e enemy formation
low-level bombing attack against the
enemy fleet, resulting in three direct hits
and one near miss on a Japanese carrier.
sacriflcing his life t h a t another might
have a better chance of survival.
*RUNYAN. Joseph W., Comdr. (then Lt.
SIMMONELLI, Orazio, Lt. Comdr., (then
Lt.), USNR, Portland, Ore.: As patrol
After a 300-mile flight back through dark- Comdr.), USNR, Los Angeles: As com- plane commander of a PBY-5 off New
ness and bad weather, he returned to his mander, acting air-group guide and navi- Ireland on 1 7 Feb 1944, Lt. Comdr. Simon-
task,force and executed a safe landing on gator of Bombing Squadron 1 attached to elli made a rescue mission to pick up flve
the Monterery. the uss Yorktown in action in the Philip- downed airmen through heavily defended
*PRICE, John D., Vice Admiral (then pine Sea, on 20 June 1944, Comdr. Run- enemy territory. Although his fighter es-
Rear Admiral), USN, Little Rock, Ark.: yan led a flight of 13 bombers against cort w a s forced to leave him, he kept h i s
As ComFairWing 1 from April to July vital units of the Japanese Fleet. Even course and saved the men, s o n e of whom)
1945, Vice Admiral Price directed the air- though the antiaircraft flre and aerial OP- had been badly wounded by the Japanese
craft under his command in a vital role position was .intense, they scored three fire t h a t had forced them down two days
in the campaign of Okinawa. From his 1,000-pound bomb hits and six 250-pound before. H e undoubtedly saved these men
flagship in the combat area he planned bomb hits on a n enemy carrier, which from capture o r death at the hands of t h e
and directed the intensive search, recon-' burst into flames. Even though the fuel enemy.
naissance, and bombing flights over exten-q supply was low and the night conditions *SPAULDIN~~, Ralph D. Jr.. Lt., USNR,
sive sea lanes and a vital area. These? were unfavorable, he succeeded in guiding Portsmouth, Va. (posthumously) : As pilot
flights resulted in sinking 1 5 9 ships, dam- six planes in flight and four bombers by of a plane during a n attack over Ger-
aging 1 9 4 others and destroying 4 1 a n d ' radio back to the Yorktowu and was re- many on 3 Sept 1944, Lt. Spaulding volun-
damaging 29 enemy aircraft. They struck1
the coasts of Kyushu and into Korea
where they destroyed vital targets, pre- I
, sponsible for the safe landing of all the
pilots, despite the f a c t that many planes
were forced to land before reaching the
teered to complete alone a mission which
he knew was hazardous and might pos-
sibly cost his life. He carried out his lone
paring the way for future blows against
the enemy. *
SEARS,H a r r y E., Capt.. USN, Glenview,
flight with great professional .skill and
thereby struck a severe blow to Ger-

OCTO8110 1946 45
Ens.), USNR, Camden, N. J. : Boat Officer,
landing craft, Lae, Finschhafen and Sai-
dor, New Guinea; Arawe and Cape Glou-
Navy Cross (Cont.1 cester, New Britain: and Hyane Harbor,
many's strategically located and heavily Los Negros Island, and Hollandia, New
defended outposts.
*YOUNG, Owen D., Lt.. USNR, Tenafly, N.
J.: As pilot of a carrier based plane in
SOWELL, Ingram C., Rear Admiral, USN,
Coronado, Calif. : ComBatDiv, Okinawa,
attacks against Kyushu on 12 May 1945, 25 Mar through May 1945.
Lt. Young showed skill and courage by *STRANAHAN, John Q., Lt. ( j g ) (then
destroying several enemy planes. He shot Ens.). USNR, Cleveland: Boat Officer, land-
down a n enemy flghter at night after ing craft, Lae, Finschhafen and Saidor,
having pursued it over enemy territory New Guinea : Arawe and Cape Gloucester.
without the assistance of flghter direction. New Britain: and at Hyane Harbor, Los
B y pressing home low-altitude attacks Negros Island, and Hollandia, New
later, he was able to shoot down three
enemy float planes and aid in the destruc-
tion of another. Capt. Holmes Rear Admiral Stone
TAYLOR, Brown, Comdr., USN, San Fran-
Cisco: CO, uss Cunningham, First Battle
of the Philippine Sea, 19 to 20 June 1944.
Citation fur Capt. Holmes appeared in *WALKER, Kenneth, Lt., USNR, Indiana-
polis (posthumously) : Beachmaster, Iwo
August ALL HANDS, p. 58. Jima, Volcano Islands, 19 Feb 1945.
*WHITE, Albert F.. Comdr. (then Lt.
*DOHERTY, John P., Lt. (then Lt. (jg)), Comdr.), USN, Seattle: CO, uss Patterson,
USN, Seattle: Engineering officer of uss First Battle of Philippine Sea, 19 to 20
'First award:
*STONE, Ellery W., R e a r Admiral, USNR,
Oakland, Calif. : As Chief Commissioner,
Bowfin, flrst, second and third war patrols
In Japanese controlled waters of Paciflc.
*FORD, Walter C., Capt. (then Comdr.),
June 1944.
WOODAMAN, Ronald J., Comdr., USN,
Quincy, Mass. : CO, U. S. destroyer Mine-
Allied Commission f o r Italy, and Chief USN, Lakeside, Calif.: CO of us6 Perkins, layer and officer in tactical command of a
Civil Affairs Office* of Occupied Territory Battle of Lunga Point, 30 Nov. to 1 Dec screeeninn station, Okinawa Gunto, 24 to
under Allied Military Government in Italy 1942. 25 May 1945.
from 1 May 1945 to 1 May 1946, Admiral *GRACE, Edward T., Lt. Comdr., UBN,
:Stone displayed the highest qualities of Bremerton, Wash. (posthumously) : CCJ of
intelligence, tact, administrative ability, uss Halligan, Okinawa Gunto, Ryukyu
sound judgment and diplomatic skill. H e Islands, 25 Mar to 26 Mar 1945.
assumed full executive responsibility for *HAIGHT, Stanley M., Capt., USN, San
t h e activities of the Commission in rela- Francisco : Acting group beachmaster.
tion with the Italian Government and the Leyte Gulf, 22 to 24 Oct 1944. Gold medal in lieu of fourth
interpretation and execution of the sur- *HAWKINS, Richard W.,Lt. (then Ens.),
render terms between the Allied Nations USNR, Vermillion, Ohio : Beachmaster, award:
and the Italian Government. H e was Tarawa Island, Gilbert Islands, November *SMITH, Allen E., Rear Admiral, uSN,
called upon to coordinate the activities of 1943. Coronado, Calif. : ComCruDiv 5, and Com-
various nations, solve the difflcult political *HUNNICWTT, William R. Jr., Lt. Comdr., mander Are support groups, Iwo Jima and
problems and represent the Allied Nations USN, Atlanta : CO, us9 Aulick, Okinawa, Okinawa, 16 Feb to 10 Mar 1945, and 21
before the Italian people. As a result of 1 6 May to 30 June 1945. Mar to 5 May 1945; Commander gunflre
his careful direction, the satisfactory re- *JOHNSON, Rudolph L., Capt., USN, and covering forces, Okinawa, 5 to 18
lationship between the Allied Nations and Crookston, Minn. : CO. uss Independence, May 1945.
t h e government of Italy has steadily Rabaul Harbor, 11 Nov 1943, and occupa-
tion of Gilbert Islands, 18 to 20 Nov 1943.
KAYE,William R., Lt.(jg), USN, Seattle
(posthumously) : Gunnery and camouflage *Gold star in lieu of third award:
JOY, Charles T., Rear Admiral, uSN,
officer, Fort Hughes, after fall of Bataan. Coronado, Calif.: ComCruDiv of a task
*LAW, Herbert L,Lt.(jg) (then Ens.). group and of a flre support unit, Okinawa,
uSNR. Arlington, Mass.: Pilot in FitRon Ryukyu Islands, March through May

Gold star in lieu of second award:

31, uss Belleau Wood, Kure Harbor, Ja-
pan, 24 July 1945.
*MILAM, Robert B., Lt. (then Ens.),
MCCORMICK,Lynde D., Vice Admiral
(then Rear Admiral), USN. Berryville,
USNR, Cartersville, Ga.: Boat offlcer in Va.: Ast. CNO logistic plans 1 9 J a n to
*COOPER, Jacob E., Capt. (then Comdr.), 1 0 Mar 1944.
USN, Coronado. Calif.: CO of uss Drayton, charge of a landing craft at Lae, Finsch-
hafen and Saidor, New Guinea, Arawe ~ S T Y E RCharles
, W., Rear Admiral, USN,
B a t t l e of Lunga Point, 30 Nov to 1 Dec San Francisco : ComSubLant. November
1042. and Cape Gloucester, New Britain : Hyane
Harbor, Los Negros Island, and Hollandia, 1944 to January 1946.
-*BOERFL.ER, Francis J., Lt. Comdr. (then
Lt.), USNR, Schenectady, N. Y.: Torpedo New Guinea.
d a t a computer operator, uss Haddock, *O'ROURKE, Donald H. Jr., Capt., USMCR. Gold star in lieu of second award:
Japanese controlled waters. Denver : Commander rifle company, Iwo *BAYS, John W., Capt., USN, Culver, Ind.:
*SHEA, William H. Jr., Comdr. (then Lt. Jima, Volcano Islands, 25 Feb 1945. Force operations officer, Western naval
Comdr.), USN, Seattle : CO of uss Bagley, *PARSONS, W. S.. Rear Admiral (then task force, prior to and during ,Normandy
Brst battle of Philippine Sea, 19 June to Capt.), USN, Washington, D. C.: Senior campaign.
20 June 1944. military technical observer on a B-29, *GULLETT, William M., Comdr., USN,
*SIBIS, Gelzer L., Capt. (then Comdr.), from base in Marianas Islands to attack Chevy Chase, Md. : ComLSTGroup, Iwo
USN, Orangeburg, S. C.: CO of uss Maury, Hiroshima, Japan, 6 Aug 1945. Jima and Okinawa, 19 Feb to 15 Aug
Battle of Lunga Point, 30 Nov to 1 Dec
*PATTISON, William J., Lt. Comdr. (then
Lt.(jg)), USNR, Jacksonville, Fla. : Pilot of *
HARDISON,Osborne B., Rear Admiral,

First award:
patrol plane, Paciflc Area, 1 Dec 1943.
PETERSON, Me11 A., Capt. (then Comdr.),
USN, Wadesboro, N. C.: Chief of Naval
Air primary training, 13 Jan 1944 to 11
+BAILEY.Oscar C., Lt., USNR, Rockport,
Tex. : Pilot in Squadron 28. us9 MonteTeg,
USN, Algona, Iowa: CO, uss Cooper, Or-
moc Bay, Leyte, 2 and 3 Dec 1944.
*POEHLMANN, Karl F., Capt., USN, Cam-
Sept 1945.
LAYCOCK,John N., Capt. (CEC), USN
(Ret), Derry, N. H.: Engineering skill
First Battle of Philippine Sea, 19 June bridge, Mass.: ComDesDiv 12, Task Force and organizational ability to develop pon-
3944. 58, First Battle of Philippine Sea, 19 to toon causeway.
*BERRIAN, g o w a r d A., 2nd Lt, USMCR, 20 June 1944. *LEE, Paul F., Capt., USN, Berkley,
Arlington, N. J.: Platoon leader, 60-mm. *SAMPSON. Norman J., Comdr., USN, New Calif.: Served in BuShips from January
mortar, Okinawa Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Haven, Conn. : CO, uss Allen N. Sumner, 1942 to August 1945.
24 May 1945. Ormoc Bay, Leyte, Philippine Islands, 2 *LEWIS, John S., Comdr., USN, Evanston,
*BEGS, Casimir L., Lt., USNR. Chicago to 3 Dec 1944. Ill.: Ast. Operations officer on staff of
(posthumously): CO of LCS(L) (3) 88, *SCHERR, William B., Comdr. (then Lt. ComFifthPhibPac in the Gilbert and
near Okinawa Shima, Nansei Shoto, 11 Comdr.) (MC), USNR, Morgantown. W. Marshall Islands a r e a from August 1943
*May 1945.
BURROWES,Thomas, Capt., USN, Key-
port, N. J.: ComDesDiv 106, Task Force
Va. : Ast. Medical officer, uss Ticoltderogcc,
Formosa, 21 Jan 1945.
*SELF, Robert L., Lt.(jg) (then BOSN).
to May 1944.
*MARTIN, Harold M., Rear Admiral,
USN, Woodley-Villanova. Pa. : ComCarDiv
58, First Battle of Philippine Sea, 19 June USN, Maddock, N. D.: CO, uss Edenshaw, and CTU at Okinawa and Ryukyu Islands
*to 2 0 June 1944.
COOK, George C., Lt., USNR, East Milton,
Mass. : Assistant approach officer, execu-
Anzio, Italy, January and February 1944.
SHELLABARGER, Martin A., Comdr., USN,
Moffat, Colo.: CO, uss Mugford, First
from 4 May to 3 Sept 1945.
MCCORMICK,Lynde D., Vice Admiral,
(then Rear Admiral) USN, Berryville,
tive offlcer and navigator of U. S. sub- Battle of Philippine Sea, 19 to 20 June Va.: ComBatDiv of a Task Group and a
marine. 1944. Fire Support Unit a t Okinawa and Ryu-

.46 ALL ulllvvs Y

kyu Islands, from March through May Pa. : ComTransDiv from 28 Nov 1944 until
1945. the conclusion of hostilities during the
*PRICE, John D., Vice Admiral (then capture of Luzon and Iwo Jima and the
Hear Admiral), USN, Little Rock, Ark.: occupation of Japan.
ComNOB, Okinawa, July 1945 to Febru- *DAVIS, Robert G., Capt.(MC), USN,
a r y 1946 ; supervised development and Indianola, Iowa: Medical Officer in Com-
construction of harbors and bases. mand of the U.S. Naval Hospital and U.S.
*READ, Oliver M., Rear Admiral, USN, Naval Medical Supply Depot, Canacao,
Yemassee, S. C.: ComDesLant from Sep- P.I., and as Dist. Medical Officer, from De-
tember 1944 to August 1945. cember 1941 to May 1942.
*ROBINSON, A. G., Rear Admiral, USN, +DEBAWN,George H., Capt., USN. Man-
Washington, D.*C.: C T F 126 during the hattan, Kans. : CO of a warship in Carrier
planning for and subsequent occupation Task Group, Western Paciflc waters, 1
of the Bremen Enclave from 17 Mar to July 1945 to 15 Aug 1945.

November 1945. *DUNLAP, Stanton B., Capt. (then Lt.
*SOWELL, Ingram C., Rear Admiral, Comdr.), USN, Newport, R. I. : CO of the
USN. Lawrenceberg. Tenn. : ComBatDiv us8 San Pablo, 3 Aug 1943 to 19 Apr 1944.
during the assault and capture of Okin- *DUNN, Charles A., Rear Admiral, USN.
a w a from 25 Mar to 20 Apr 1945. Erooklyn : Fleet maintenance officer, Pa-
ciflc Fleet. 22 Apr 1942 to 24 May 1944.
First award: ~DUVALL William
, H.,Capt., USN, Anna-
polis, Md. : ComLantCortFleet engaged in
*ATKINS, Lew M., Capt., USN, Washing- escort of trans-Atlantic Convoys during
ton, D. C. : Ast. Director, Shore Establish-
ments Division, Office of Ast. SecNav,
from outbreak of hostilities to J a n u a r y
*World W a r 11.
EARLE, Ralph, Capt., USN. Coronado,
Calif.: ComDesRon 4.. 5 and CTG during
1944: Ast. Director of Industrial Survey action against enemy Japanese forces in
Division, Office of SecNav, from July 1944 Hoist, NavTraCen, San Diego
the New Ireland-Bougainville areas, 20 "They're looking a t us. I told you we
to April 1946.
*Barn, Harry A., Commodore, USN, Mt.
Pleasant, Tex.: CO of U.S. NavTraCen
Oct 1943 to 5 Apr 1944.
+FETZER, William P., Capt., USN, Wash- .
should have worn our regulation shoes."
inzton. D. C.: Navy Chief of Facilities Comdr.), USN, Las Animas, Colo.: CO, us9
Sampson, N. Y., from 16 Sept 1942 until Section, Priorities Division, Army and
1 Nov 1945.
BAKER,James E., Capt., USN, Pensacola,
Navy Munitions Board, and subsequently
Schenck in action against enemy sub-
marines, Atlantic Area, 23 and 24 Dec

Fla. : Ast. Chief of Staff for Logistics, Air-
craft, 7th Fleet, he planned and admin-
istered the logistic support of naval and
as head of Products Branch, Resources
Division, Office of Procurement and Ma-
terial, May 1942 to June 1944.
LOFQUIST, Emanuel A., Capt., USN (Ret),
Providence, R. I.: Chief of Staff to Com-
marine air units of the Southwest Paciflc *GOULD, Erl C. B., Capt., USNR, Pitts- mandant of the Ninth Naval District, 23
a r e a from 29 Oct 1944 to 21 Mar 1945. burgh: CO, Acorn 14 directing early con- June 1941 to 3 J a n 1944.
*BEATTY, F r a n k E., Rear Admiral, USN, struction of Hawkins Field, Tarawa Atoll, LONGFELLOW, William J., Capt.. USN,
Coronado. Calif. : Commander all forces Gilbert Islands. Baltimore, Md. : Atlantic fleet escort com-
Aruba-Curacao Area, July 1944 to 12 May *GRIFFIN, Ira P., Capt.(CEC), USN, Ma- mander engaged in escort of transatlantic
*BURROUGHS. Sherman E., Jr., Capt.,
USN, Inyokern, Calif. : CO NavOrdTestSta,
son City, Iowa: Public works officer, Po-
tomac River Naval Command during
World W a r 11.
convoys during World W a r 11.
MARTIN,Harold M., Rear Admiral (then
Capt.), USN, Woodley-Villanova, Pa. : Co,
December 1943 to August 1945. *GUEST, Raymond R., Comdr., USNR, uss San Jacinto, Western Paciflc.
*CARLISLE, Harold A., Capt., uSN, P o r t Bayard, Va. : Office of Strategic Services, +MATHEWSON, Rufus W., Capt., USN,.
Huron, Mich.: CO of an attack transport European theater, November 1943 to De- Montville. Conn.: Captain of the yard,
during the amphibious assaults in the cember 1944. Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, throughout
World W a r 11.
Lingayen Gulf and on Iwo Jima.
CHALLENGER,Harold L., Capt., USN,
New York City: Logistics planning officer,
*GUEST, William S., Comdr., USN, Wash-
ington, D. C.: Chief of staff to Com-
mander of force of six escort carriers and
Comdr.), USN, Upper Darby, Pa.: CO of
Capt. (then

Division of Logistics Plans, Office of CNO eight destroyers in Battle of Samar Is- a n attack transport. Okinawa. Ryukyu
Islands, 1 Apr 1945.
from 1 0 Nov 1942 to 1 0 Mar 1945.
COLL,John 0. R., Lt. Comdr., uSN, Falls
Church, Va. (posthumously) : Gunnery
land, 25 Oct 1944.
*GUNTHER, Ernest L., Rear Admiral,
USN, Memphis, Tenn. : ComFairSouPac, 5
~ M C F A L L Andrew
, C., Rear Admiral.
USN (Ret), San Diego: Chief of Naval Air
and torpedo officer on staff, ComSubPac, Jan 1944 to 2 Feb 1945. Operational Training, 23 Aug 1943 to 22
F e b 1945.
outbreak of hostilities to January 1943.
CONKLIN.Frederic L., Capt. (MC), USN:
Medical officer in command of a Fleet hos-
*HAYES, Thomas H., Comdr.(MC), USN,
Alexandria, Va. (posthumously) : Senior
Naval Medical Officer on Philippine Is-
*McKEE. Andrew I., Commodore (then
C a p t ) , USN, Lawrenceburg. Ky. : Senior
pital, South Paciflc area, 23 Sept 1942 t o lands, Senior Operating Surgeon of Army ast. fleet maintenance officer on staff of
ComSerPac, February 1945 until hostili-
29 Mar 1944.
DAUBIN, Freeland A., Rear Admiral,
TJSN, Norfolk, Va. : Commandant, Navy
Fort Mills Hospital on Corregidor, and as
P O W ; Chief of surgery at the Bilibid
Prison Hospital from 2 July 1942, and
ties ceased.
*MCKINNEY, Eugene E., Capt., USN.
Yard, New York, from 5 Dec 1944 to CO, Bilibid Prison Camp, from September Eugene, Ore. : CO. u s s Skate during w a r
1943. patrol of that vessel in enemy controlled
present time. water on 30 Nov 1943.
+DAVIS, James K., Capt., USN, Tionesta, *HERRSTER,Victor D.,Capt., USN, (Ret), *MCMILLEN. Fred E., Rear Admiral,
Bambridge, Mass. : Commander Inshore
Patrol, Commander Northern Air Patrol, (SC), USN, San Diego: Chief of Field
distkict aviation officer and assistant com- Branch BuSandA, Cleveland, 9 Dec 1942
mandant (operations) in headquarters or- to 2 Sept 1945.
ganization of the First Naval District, *O'REAR, George M.. Capt., USN, Staten
Deputy Commander Northern GrpEast Island, N. Y. : CO, us8 Arkansas, Okinawa

O b 0 :.
SeaFron, throughout World W a r 11.
*HUFF, Owen W., Lt. Comdr. (then Lt.),
campaign, 25 Mar to 24 Apr 1945.
MCQUISTON,Irving M., Rear Admiral,
USNR, Washington, D. C. : Director Prog-
CJSN. Wakefleld, Mass.: CO, us8 H o p i dur-
ress Division in BuAer, April 1941 to Feb-
ing rescue operation, Anzio, Italy, 15 to ruary 1946 ; Chief of Aviation Progress in
17 Feb 1944. the Office of the DeDutv CNO (Air). 10
*HURT, Samuel H., Capt., USN. Newport, ' Sept 1943 to 28 ~ ~ ~ - 1 9 4 6 .
R. 1.: COP Louisvaz% South Pacific
area, 20 J a n 1944 to 17 Oct 1944.
PICKEN, James c., Jr.,
Comdr.), USNR, Seattle, Wash. : Communi-
(then Lt.
*III\PQRAM, William T. 11, Comdr., USN, cation officer, staff of ComFairWing 4.
Greenwich, Conn.: Aide and flag lieu- North Paciflc a r e a from 26 May 1942 to
tenant to ComSoLant, and Captain of 19 M~~ 1944.
Force Flagship, during World W a r 11.
JAAP, Joseph A., Comdr., USN, Engle-
wood, Colo.: Commander u. s. naval
+PRICE,John D., Vice Admiral (then
Rear Admiral), USN, Little Rock, Ark.:
ComFairWing 2, Pacific Fleet, from
forces, Azores, December 1944 to Septem-
ber 1945.
JETER, Thomas P., Capt., USN, Watts-
March 1943 to March 1945.
RAY, Herbert J., Commodore, USN, Pied-
mont, Calif.: Deputy Director, Naval
ville. Md.: CO, USS Bunker Hill, flagship Division, u. s. Group Control Council f o r
of a Task Group during Operations, pa- Germany, Deputy Naval Adviser to t h e
---. . - ..... ciflc area, 5 Mar to 28 June 1944. Office of Military Government, and junior
Mulvaney on Bomb Disposal (BuOrd)
*KIRTLAND, Fred D., Capt., USN, Salina, U. S. Member of t h e Tri-Partite Naval
Kans.: CO of a U. S. warship during oper- Commission in Berlin from 1 Mar to 8
"He's a big ashtray and paper weight mag- ations against the Japanese in the Paciflc. Dec 1945.
nate from the South Pacific," JrLOGBDON, Earl W., Comdr. (then Lt. * ~ W R A V E ,DeWitt, e. Jr., Capt., USN.

OCTOBLFIP 1946 47 4
humously) : Leader of strike group, south-
e r n Kyushu. 1 8 Mar 1 9 4 5
*LINK, Norbert, Lt. ( j g ) , USNR, Chase,
g a n s . ( M ) : Airman with CompRon 92,
Legion of Merit (Cont.) IJSS Tulagi, Ryukyus area, 2 5 Mar to 9
Maplewood, N. J. : Design superintendent May 1945.
and planning officer, Industrial Depart- Gold star In lieu of second aware, ~ M E A R SHoward
, F., Lt. Comdr., USN.
ment, Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Oc- *EGBERT, Gordon R., Lt. Comdr., USN, Washington, D. C. : Pilot and plane com-

tober 1 9 4 4 to October 1945.
ROBBINS, Josephus A., Capt.
Comdr.), USN, Mayfleld, Ky.: CO uss
Cheverly, Md. : Twenty flights in combat
area, 2 1 Apr to 2 3 July 1945.
HERLIHY,George B., Capt., USMC,Wash-
mander, PatBomRon 106, Malaya coast,
1 1 May 1945.
*MILLER, Willard J., Lt. (jg). Altoona,
Flusser, Pus0 River, Si0 and Madang, ington, D. C.: Aerial flight in connection Pa. (posthumously) : Division leader and
June 1 9 4 3 to December 1943. with military operations, R y u ~ y uIslands, oilot in ToroRon 10. uss Intreoid.-~ Honshu.
* R m . Burnice L., Capt.. USN, Casey, 2 3 June to 10 July 1945. i 9 Mar 1945.
l o w a : CO, beach assault unit, Southern *LINK, Norbert, Lt. (jg), USNR, Chase, *MOLTEN, Richard W., Lt. Comdr. (then
France, August 1944. Kans. ( M ) : Pilot in CompRon 92, uss Lt.). USNR. Pensacola. Fla.: Pilot of ob-
*SEARS, H a r r y E., Capt., USN, Chevy
Chase, Md.: CO, heavy bomber squadron
operating on reconnaissance and search
Tulagi, Southern Ryukyus, 1 3 Apr 1945.
MEARS, Howard F., Lt. Comdr.. USN,
Washington, D. C.: Pilot in PatBomRon
seryation plane, Admiralty Islands, 2 9 F e b
J~O'NEILL,Vernon P., Lt. Comdr. (then
missions, South Paciflc area, 1 5 Aug 1 9 4 3 1 0 6 , Malay and Indochina coasts, 2 6 Apr Lt.), USN, Hollywood, Fla. : Pilot, flghter
to 5 Apr 1944.
*SMITH, Paul C., Lt. Comdr. (then Lt.),
1USNR. Lawton, Okla.: Forca public rela-
to 1 June 1945.
SAKELIARIADES, James C.. Lt. (jg),
USNR. Washington, D. C. : Pilot of carrier
plane, FitBomRon 8 7 , uss Ticonderoga,
Kure naval base, 2 8 July 1945.
PETERSON, William?L., Jr., Lt., USN, San
tions officer, Iwo J i m a and Okinawa based plane, Nansei Shoto and Kyushu, Diego (M) : Pilot of bomber-flghter plane.
Qunto, from January to May 1945.
*STROTHER, John A., Capt. (then
Comdr.), USNR, Del Mar, Calif. : Engineer-
2 3 Mar to 1 2 May 1945.
WALSH, Richard J., Jr.. Lt. (jg), USNR,
Wildwood, N. J. (posthumously) : Pilot of
Air Group 87, uss Tzconderoga, Japanese
homeland, 1 0 Aug 1945.
*PORUPSKY, Ernest G., Lt. ( j g ) (then
ing officer, uss Washmgton, operating torpedo bomber, Air Group 84, uss Bun- Ens.), USNR, Sartell, Minn. (posthu-
against enemy bases and fleet units in for- ker Hill, Kure, Japan, 1 9 Mar 1945. mously): Pilot of dive bomber BornRon
w a r d areas of the Paciflc from September 16, uss Randolph, Kure naval base, 2 4
1 9 4 2 through October 1944. July 1945.
First award:
JtTAYLOR, Moulton B., Comdr. (then Lt.
Comdr.). USNR, Longview, Wash. : OinC,
Special Weapons Division, Naval Aircraft
* BACCI, Paul, Ens., USNR, Somerville,
Mass. (posthumously) : Pilot of dive
*PRICE.Robert H., Lt. Comdr., USN.
Shelbyuille, Ill. (posthumously) : Pilot and
leader of FitRon, us8 Cowpens, Wake,
Modification Unit, Philadelphia. bomber, BornRon 94, us8 Essex, Ominato Truk, Hollandia. Marshalls. Marianas a n d
.k THORWALL,Charles A., Capt. (then naval base, 9 Aug 1945. Palau Islands.
Comdr.), USN, Hackensack, N. J. : Com *BAKER, Ernest W., Ens., USNR, Rich- *SAKELIARIADES.James C., (Lt. (jg) ),
Cort Div 40, Bismarck Archipelago, 2 0 t o mond, Va. : Pilot of dive bomber, BornRon USNR, Washington, D. C.: Member of CL
flghter sweep over Kyushu. 1 8 mar 1 9 4 5 .
31 May 1944.
*THYSON, Leo C., Capt. (MC), USN.
Washington, D. C.: Senior surgeon at
*83, uss Essex, Yokosuka. 1 8 July 1945.
BILLO,James D., Lt. Comdr. (then Lt.),
USN, Medford, Ore.: Division leader Fit-
*SAMARAS, Thomas D., Lt. (jg), USNR.
Akron. Ohio. (posthumously) : Pilot in
Japanese prison camps near Shanghai and Ron 18. uss Bunker Hill. Rabaul harbor, BornRon 83, u s s Essex, Ryukyu Islands,
Fengtai. China : and at Hakodate, Japan, 11 Nov 1 9 4 3 . 1 8 Man to 9 May 1945.
1 Feb 1 9 4 2 to 1 4 Sept 1945. *BROWER, Robert J., Lt., USNR, Seattle .~SCHAEFFER. Thomas G.. Ens.. USNR. St.
*WEEKS, Robert H.. Comdr., USN, Alex- (M) : ComPatBomRon 1 2 4 . Tsushima Cloud, Minn.' (M) : Pilot of flghter-bomber
andria, Va. : Ast. Fleet communication Straits, 1 6 June to 7 July 1945. in Air Group 87, uss Ticonderoga, Kure
officer, CincLant, outbreak. of host *CLEMENTS,Donald C., Lt., USNR,Evans- naval base, 2 8 July 1945.
to June 1944. ton, Ill. : Pilot in FitRon 28, uss Molzterey, +SCOTT, Weston L., Lt. (jg), USNR,Gar-
WILL, Prentis K., Comdr., USN, Arling- flrst battle of Philippine Sea, 1 9 June dena, Calif. (posthumously) : Pilot in
CompRon 84, uss Makin Island, 1 6 to 2 0
ton, Va.: Executive officer and CO, vari-
ous aircraft utility squadrons, 7 Dec 1 9 4 1
to J a n u a r y 1945.
CLINTON,Marvin S., Lt. (jg), USNR,Nor-
wich, Conn. (posthumously) : Co-pilot in
missions against
Mar 1945.
Iwo Jima. 1 5 Feb t o 9

PatBomRon 63, B a y of Biscay and west- *SHOLES, Woodrow E., Lt., USNR, Nor-
'legion of Merit (Army) ern approaches to United Kingdom, 1 7 wich. Conn. (DosthU~ouslY): Pilot in Pat-
H a r r y C., Capt., U-NR. Wash-
D. C. : Outstanding services from
"18 Aug 1 9 4 4 to 27 May 1945.
Aug 1 9 4 3 to 2 5 June 1944.
CLEVELAND. William L., Comdr., USNR,
Miami Beach, Fla.: Plane commander of
BornRon 63,'Bay of Biscay and western
approaches to United Kingdom, 1 7 Aug
1 9 4 3 to 25 June 1944.
SyrPLAuT, James S.. Lt. Comdr.. Cam- a flag plane. Paciflc Ocean area, Novem- *SIMS, Norton E., Ens., USNR, Hammond.
ber 1 9 4 3 to May 1945. Ind. (posthurfiously) : Pilot in TorpRon 94,
bridge, Mass.: Director, art looting and uss Lexington, Kure naval base, 2 8 J u l y
Imestigation unit, Strategic Services Unit, *COWAN, Granville W., Lt., USNR. Schu-
W a r Department Mission, Great Britain. lenburg, Tex. ( M ) : Pilot of bomber- 1945.
flghter plane, Air Group 87. uss Ticon- *. STANLEY,William, Ens., USNR. Philadel-
*1 0 J a n 1945 to 8 Nov 1945.
SHELLEY, Tully, Commodore, USN, Wash-
ington, D. C.: Intelligence officer, naval
deroga, Japanese Empire area, 2 4 July
phia (posthumously) : Pilot of bomber-
fighter in Air Group 87, uss Tioonderoga,
*DOZIER, Wilson L., Lt., USNR, Jasper, Inland Sea, 2 8 July 1945.
forces, Europe, September 1 9 4 4 to July *STEPHENS, Paul R., Ens., USNR, Toseka.
1945. Ala. (posthumously) : Pilot in FitRon 88,
uss Y o r k t o w a , Japanese homeland, 1 3 Aug Kans. ( M ) : Pilot of torpedo bomber in
1945. ToroRon 87. uss Ticonderoga, Kure area,
~ E X B R ERalph E. A., Comdr., USN. Kem-
merer. Wyo. (M) : Pilot of flghter plane,
Air Group 1 2 , Japanese Empire, 2 8 Apr to
2 4 July 1945.
TUOHIMAA, William, Lt. (jg), USNR, Ish-

4 May 1945.
+FLETCHER. Richard F., Lt.. USN, Benton
Harbor, Mich. : Pilot, CompSpotRon 2. uss
Fanshaw B a y , Ryukyu Islands, 2 5 Mar to
23 Apn 1945.
j t FREEMAN, Glen W., Lt. (jg!. USNR.
Sunnyside, Utah (M) : Fighter pilot, Fit-
Ron 24. uss Santee. Ryukvu Islands. 2 5
Apr 1945.
*GALLOWAY, John P., Lt. (jg), USNR.
Washington. D. C.: Twentv flights in
c o m b a t a r e a , 1 8 Dec 1 9 4 4 to-8 Feb 1945.
*GUNNELS, Charles W., Lt. Comdr., USN,
Quincy, Mass.: Pilot, FitBomRon 87, uss
Ticonderoga, Kure naval base, 2 8 July
*HAMM, Andrew B., Lt. Comdr., USN.
Long Beach, Calif. (posthumously) : Com-
BornRon 1, uss Bennington and pilot dive
bomber, Yokosuka naval base, 1 8 July
*IIARDER,Lewis B., Lt. (then Lt. ( j g ) ) ,
I.: Pilot of torpedo
Hoist, NavTraCen, San Diego
"Ah!! Just my nreasurementr 1'11 take ~ ~ K E L L EHarold
, Truk, 29 Apr 1944.
R. Jr., Lt. Comdr. (then Pelican, NRB, New Orleans
two ,sizes smaller." Lt.), IJSN, Newtonville, Mass. (post- "I don't care i f it i s regulation Navy."


pening, Mich. (posthumously) : Pilot in Memphis, Tenn.: Gunnery officer, staff of
FitRon 88. uss Yorktown, Niigata, Hon- ComAmphib, Okinawa, I e Shima, Iheya
shu, 10 Aug 1945. Shima, Aguni Shima, October 1944 t o Sep-
*VICEANT, George J. Jr., Ens., USNR.
Woonsocket, R. I. (posthumously) : Pilot
in CompRon, 93, us9 Petrof B a y , Ryukyu
*tember 1945.
BERNER,Merritt, Comdr.
Comdr.), USNR, Llanerch. Pa.: CO, uss
(then Lt.
Islands area, 26 Mar to 15 May 1945. BuZl, Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, April to
*VOSSLER, Curtis F., Lt. Comdr. (then June 1945.
Lt.), USN. Warrington, Fla.: Pilot, heavy *BILES, Ronald C., Lt. Comdr., USNR,
bomber, BomRon 102, South Pacific area, Seattle (posthumously) : Ast. to operations
totaling 800 hours of flying t i m e ; against and minesweeping officer, staff of Com-
Japanese shipping near Green Islands, 26 MinFor U. S. Fleet, Okinawa.
Oct 1943. *BLACK, Robert G., Lt. Comdr. (then
*WEEKS, John S., Lt. (jg), USNR, Patch- Lt.), USNR, Greenville, N. C.: Torpedo
cgue, N. Y. ( M ) : Pilot in BomFitRon 85, d a t a computer operator, uss Batfish, third
USS Shangri-La, Otaru harbor, 15 July w a r Patrol. Pacific area. 26 Mav to 7
1945. July i944. .
*WILLIAMS. Clair T.,Lt., USNR, Highland *BROWN, Harold H., Lt., USNR, Wen-
Park, Ill. (M) : Pilot of dive bomber in atchee, Wash.: CO, LCI(G) 568, Okinawa
BomRon 16, us6 Randolph, Kure naval
base, 24 July 1945. *Shima. 2 Apr 1945.
BUTPERFIELD. Allen I<., ChCarp, uSNR,
Wclliston, Mass. (posthumously) : Water-
front construction officer, CBBatt 76.
*Marianas. 17 June t o 1 Aug 1945.
CALVERT,John E., Comdr., USNR, San
Francisco : Member industrial department, Mulvaney on Bomb Disposal (BuOi
First award:
*LANIER, Berwick B., Capt., USNR, New
*Navy yard, Cavite, 10 Dec to 25 Dec 1941.
CANTELOPE,Edwin J., Lt., USN, Cam-
bridge, Mass.: CO, LST 294, Normandy,
“Go ahead! It certainly looks like one.”
Are support ship, Okinawa, 1 Apr to 14
York City: Executive officer, uss Monti- France, 6 June 1944. June 1945.
cello, in vicinity of Azores, when turbine *CARNEY, Francis J., Ens. (CEC), USNR, +FLORY, Karsten C., Lt., USNR, Wau-
in generator room exploded, 29 Aug 1943. Newport. R. I. (posthumously) : While watesa, Wis. : CO, LCI(G) 567, Ie Shima.
+SWAIN, Ted N.,Lt., USN, Long Island, POW, Kawaisaki, during three-year in- Ryukyu Islands, 8 to 10 Apr 1945.
N. Y. : OinC of survivors, uss Pampanito, carceration. *FRANCE, William C., Capt., Coronado,
in rescue of British and Australian POWs, *CARROLL, Charles B., Comdr. (then Lt. Calif. (posthumously) : CO, uss Henrico,
Island of Hainan in South China Sea, 15 Comdr.), USNR, Boston: Ast. approach flagship, ComTransDiv 50, Kerama Retto,
Sept 1944. officer, uss Plaice, flrst w a r patrol, Pacific 26 Mar 1945.
arca, 4 June to 25 July 1944. *GLOSI’EN, Edward R., Capt., USNR, Tuc-
*CHALFANT, Charles D.. Lt. (then Lt. son, Ariz.: CO, uss St. Mary’s, Kerama
(jg)).. USNR, Evanston, 111. : CO, P C 578, Retto and I e Shima, April 1945.
Iwo Jima, 22 J a n to 4 Apr 1945. *GREGG, Robert C.,CBM. USN, Kirksville.
CIIELIETV,Homer TV., Lt. (jg) (then Mo. : Assisted and directed personnel when
Ens.), USN, Kansas City. Mo.: Ast. plot- uss Franlclin was struck and severely
*Gold star in lieu of third award:
HEFFERNAN,John B., Capt., USN, Wash-
ington, Ind. : CO, U. S. battleship, capture
ting officer, uss Picuda, second war pa-
trol, Pacific area, 4 May t o 27 June 1944.
*COLYEAR, Bayard H., Capt., USN, San
damaged, Kyushu, 19 Mar 1945.
*IIAASE, Edward F., PHAR, USN, Phila-
delphia : Assisting prisoners aboard prison
of Iwo Jima, 7 Mar 1945. Francisco : CO. uss Monticello, Atlantic, ship, and in POW camp at Fukuoka Work
Pacific and Indian ocean areas, 1 6 June Camp No. 3, until liberation, 13 Sept 1945.
Gold star in lieu of second award: 1942 to 21 June 1944. *HALFON,Sam, Lt. Comdr. (then Lt.),
*BAKER, Charles A., Capt., USN, Wash- *CONDIT, Harold L., Lt. (jg), USNR, Hag- USNR, Seattle: CO, uss Waters, Okinawa
ington, D. C.: CO, uss Texas, Okinawa german, Idaho : Gunnery officer, LCI(G) Gunto, March to June 1945.
and I e Shima, 25 Mar 1945 to 1 4 May Group 7, Flot 3, Okinawa. Ryukyu Is- ~HAYLER Robert
, W., Rear Admiral, USN,
HEFFERNAN. John B.. Capt., USN. Wash-
ington, Ind.: CO. uss Tennessee, Leyte,
lands, 4 May 1945.
*COOK, George C., Lt.. USNR, E. Milton,
Mass. : Diving officer, iTss Guauina, during
Alexandria, Va.: ComCruDiv 12 of Task
Force 58, Western Paciflc, 19 to 20 June
18 t o 24 Oct 1944; Battle of Surigao *HENDRICKSON,Chester E., Lt. (then Lt.
strait, 25 Oct 1944.
RAGONETT, Lucien, Capt.. USN, Washing-
war patrol of t h a t vessel.
CORT,Frederick, Lt. USNR. Fairmont, W.
Va.: CO. PCS 1455, Iwo Jima, Volcano
( j g ) ) , USNR, Grove City, Minn.: OinC.
scout and support boat, uss Charles Car-
ton, D. C.: Force intelligence officer, in- Islands, 22 J a n to 4 Apr 1945. roll, Normandy, 6 June 1944.
vasion of Sicily, 6 to 8 July 1943.
SHAW, Charles A., ChCarp (then Carp),
USN, Eureka, Calif. : Directed repair parry,
*Cox, George E., Lt. (then Lt. (jg)),
USN, Vallejo. Calif.: Diving oflcer, uss
+HINGSON, James M., Lt. Comdr., USN,
Richmond, Va.: Ast. approach officer, uSS
Batfish, third war patrol, Pacific, 26 May
us9 A’pine, Leyte, 18 Nov 1944.
SMITII, Elbert S., Lt., USNR, Decatur,
Ill.: CO, LCI(G) 580, Okinawa, Ryukyu
Searaven, tenth w a r pa’rol, v:cinity of
Eniwetolc, Truk and Saipan, 26 J a n t o 25
Feb 1944.
t o 7 July 1944.
+HOLMES, John G., Lt. Comdr., USNR,
Pit’sburgh: CO, LST 508, Normandy, 6
Islands, 14 June 1945. *DAY, Albert L.. Lt. (jg) (then CPHM), June 1944.
SULLIVAN, Joseph W., Lt., USNR, Bing- USN, Virginia Beach, Va.: C!iief anes- +HOOVER,Herbert W., Lt. (jg), USNR.
hamton, N. Y.: ComLCI(R)Div, Okinawa, thetist, division fleld hospitnl, IstMarDiv, Graysville. Tenn. : Executive officer, LCI-
Ryukyu Islands, 1 Apr to 21 June 1945. Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. (G), flagship, LCI(G) group 16, Pacific
*DELAPLANE, James J., Lt. Comdr. (then area, October 1944 to June 1945.
First award: Lt.), USNR, Wabash. Ind.: CO, LST 354. *HORAK, Rudolph A., Lt. (then Ens.),
*ACKER, F r a n k C.. Comdr., USN, York invasion Normandy, 6 June 1944. USNR, Caldwell, Tex.: Member of recon-
Harbor, Me.: CO, uss Ponzfret, second ~ELDREDC Emory
E. P., Capt., USN, Coro- naissance party, Cape Gloucester. New
w a r patrcl, South China Sea, 10 Sept t o Britain, 24 Sept 1943 to 6 Oct 1943.
nado, Calif.: CO, uss lllount T7e,non, ht- *IIORST, Monroe M., Lt. (then Lt. (jg)),
25 Oct 1944. lnntic and Pacific Ocean areas, 23 Nov
*ALLEN. Robert W., Lt. (then Lt. ( j g ) ) , UENR. TVashinp;ton, D. C.: CO, SC 1323,
USNR. Tulsa. Okla.: Boat omcer attached
to uss IImris, Leyte.
1943 t o 13 Nov 1945.
E L L E R , Ernest M., Capt., USN. Annapolis,
Md. : Ast. combat readiness ofncer, staff
Iwo Jima. Volcano Islands, 22 Jan to 4
Apr 1945.
& IIORTON,John R., Lt. Comdr. (then Lt.).
*BALDWIN, Cedric B., Lt. Comdr., USNR,
Honolulu, T. H. (posthumously) : Ceach- of ComInchPac and Pacific Ocean areas, WNR. Nnshvil!e. Ind.: CO. Unit 1. Naval
May 1942 to April 1945.
master, Iwo Jima, 19 F e b 1945.
BARKER,Nathaniel C., Comdr., USN, *ELLIOT“, Richard E., Comdr.. USN, War-
ren, Pa. : Communications oiTicer on staff
group Chin?, 10 Oct 1944 to 15 Apr 1945.
*IIuNT. T y l i e IT., Lt. Covrlr. (t!ien Lt.
( j g ) ) , USNR, E n Canto, Calif.: Co-pilot.
Commander Landing Craft and Bascs, PCY, shot down and later captured after
11th AmphibFor, European theater, 1 Sept drif:ing in r r b 5 e r bo?t, and while P O W
Second Bronze Sfar 1943 to 6 June 1944. eboard Japanese heavy cruiser, 3 J u n e

Commodore Herbert J. Grassie,

USN, of Cohasset, Mass., was
~ E R D M A N William
N, L., Capt., USN. San
Rafael, Calif. : OinC, antisubmarine war-
fare, staff ComSoPac, Bismarck Archi-
TVashinctcn, D. C.: P o r t director. Okin-
awarded a gold s t a r in lieu of a
second Bronze Star f o r action as
pelago, 30 Nov 1943 t o 1 5 May 1944.
~FAHY Richard
, T., Lt. Comdr., USN,
a w a Shima. 1 Apr t o 8 June 1945.
JOHNSON,Alfred T.. Lt., USNR, Boston
(posthumously) : With joint intelligence
CO of the uss Idaho a t Okinaria TVatcrford. Ohio : Ast. appro-ch officer, center, Pac’flc ocean areas, 13 Sept 1944
from 25 Mar t o 20 Apr 1945 instead uss Pogy, six’h w a r patrol, Pacific waters, to 19 Mar 1945.
of a Silver S t a r a s reported in the 7 Apr to 29 May 1944. ~ K A L E ZMzrion, M., Comdr. (then Lt.
August ALL HANDS. *FISHER. Robert K., Lt. (then Lt. (jg)), Comdr.) (RE), USNR, Spokane, Wash. :
uSNR, Buffalo, N. Y.: CO. landing craft Flight surgeon, second marine a i r wing.
OCTO8€0 1946 49
I -_T . -.-

ville, Md. : CO, fire support ship, Okinawa,

April to June 1 9 4 5 .
*OWENS, George S., Lt. (SC), USNR,
Lockport, N. Y. (posthumously) : SUIJP!Y
Bronze Star (Cont.) officer, staff ComMinPac, Pacific area,
January to May 1945.
New Caledonia and Espiritu Santo, 12 +PALMER, James E., Lt., USNR, Canton,
July to 1 2 Nov 1942. Ga.: CO, PC 463, Iwo Jima, Volcano Is-
*KAMPS, John C., Lt. Comdr. (then Lt.), lands and Okinawa Shima, 22 J a n to 4
USN, Baltimore, Md.: CO, LST 293, Nor- Apr 1945.
mandy, 6 June 1944. *PARKER,Rey L., Comdr. (then Lt.
*KELLY, Laurence E., Capt., USN, Wash- Comdr.), USNR, San Francisco: Member of
ington, D. C.: CO, uss Lejeune, North At- district material office, Manila, 8 to 25
lantic convoy, 1 5 Apr 1 9 4 4 to 1 5 Feb 1945. Dec 1941.
~LANGE Edward
R, E., Lt., USNR, Berwyn, *PETTY, Paul v., Lt. Comdr., USNR, COV-
111. : Communications officer, Ast. division ington, Tex.: CO, Navy chartered trans-
control officer and ast. squadron control port island mail, Solomon Islands, Gilbert
officer, ComTrans Div 20, and ComTrans- Islands, Marshall Islands, Marianas Is-
Ron 11, Saipan, Leyte, Angaur, May 1944 lands, Ulithi Atoll and Okinawa, 2 9 June
t o April 1945.
*LAVIETES, Paul E., Lt. (then Lt. ( j g ) ) ,
USNR, Boone, N. C.: CO, PC 1081, I W O
* 1 9 4 3 to 2 0 Nov 1945.
POELKING, John A., Lt., USNR, Univer-
sity Heights, Ohio : Debarkation officer,
Jima, Volcano Islands, 4 Apr 1945. uss WiZZiam P. BiddZe, North Africa,
*MACKENZIE, Edward P., Lt. (then Lt. Sicily, Tarawa, Kwajelein, Guam, Leyte
( j g ) ) , (MC), USN, Ocean City, Md.: Medi- and Luzon.
cal officer, uss Harding, Normandy, 6 *PRICE,Kenneth M., L t , USNR, Los An-
June 1944. geles: Plotting officer, uss Pogy, sixth
*MALCOM, James B., Lt. Comdr. (then w a r patrol, Paciflc area, 7 Apr to 2 9 May
Lt.), USNR, Etonville, Wash.: CO, LST 1944.
509, Normandy, 6 June 1944. *PULLIAM, Plynn J., Lt., USN, San Fran-
*MARTIN, Ralph A., Lt. (jg) (then CRM). cisco: CO, LST 500, Normandy, 6 June Mulvaney on Bomb Disposal (BuOrd)
USN, San Antonio, Tex.: Chief radioman
a n d battle station radar operator and
maintenance man, uss Bowfin, flrst, sec-
PuRDY, Richard B., Lt. (jg), USN, Briar-
cliff Manor, N. Y . : CO of a n LCI(M),
”I never did find that chap, Tilmon, I wuz
supposed to relieve!”
ond and third war patrols, Paciflc area. Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 1 2 May to 1 4
*MCCLAIN, Warren H., Capt. (then June 1945. *TAYLOR, Edward J., Lt., USNR, New
Comdr.), USN, Athens, Ga.: CO, U. S. de- +QUIRK, Bryan D., Lt., USNR, Linthicum York City (posthumously) : Degaussing
stroyer during night action, Honshu, 2 2 Heights, Md.: CO, LST 28, Normandy, 6 officer, ComMinPac, Paciflc area, 2 2 Dec
to 23 July 1945.
MCGUIGAN,Joseph I,., Capt., USN, Ta-
coma. Wash.: With u. S. Army Air
*June 1944.
RASSIEUR, William T., Capt. (then
Comdr.), USN, Arlington, Va. : Executive
1 9 4 4 to 1 May 1945.
*TIPPEP, James M., Lt. Comdr., USN.
(then USNR), Washington, D. C.: Radio
Forces, Philippines, May 1942. . officer, uss Curtiss, Pearl Harbor, 7 Dec officer, uss Yorktown, 1 5 Apr 1 9 4 3 to 2 2
*MEEK, David C., Lt., USNR, Salt Lake 1941. Mar 1 9 4 4 ; Communications officer, 2 2 Mar
City: CO of a n LCI(M), Okinawa, Ryukyu *ROOT, Donald G., Lt. (then Ens.), uSNR, 1 9 4 4 to 2 8 Apr 1945.
Islands, April to June 1945.
*MILLER, Wallace J., Capt. (then
Medford, Ore. : Member of reconnaissance *THOMAS, Edwin e., Lt. Comdr., USNR.
party, New Britain, 7 to 2 7 Oct 1943. Mechanicsville, Va. : ComLCS (L)GrouP.
Comdr.), USN, Annapolis, Md.: CO, USS
Caperton, ComDesDiv 1 0 0 of Task Force
58, western Paciflc, 16 J a n to 30 June
*SCHWEIDLER, Joseph F., Lt. (jg), USNR,
Lafayette, Ind.: CO, SC 1314, Iwo Jima,
Volcano Islands, 2 2 J a n to 4 Apr 1945.
Okinawa Shima, April to June 1945.
THORWALL,Charles A., Capt. (then
Comdr.), USNR, Hohokus. N. J. : ComCor-
1944. *SETTLE, Thomas W. G., Capt., USN, Div 40, Bismarck Archipelago, 1 9 May
*MULLICAN. James F., Jr., Lt., USNR, Menlo Park, Calif.: CO, uss Portland, 1944.
Greenville, Ky. : Intelligence and personnel Okinawa Gunto, 2 5 Mar to 20 Apr 1945. *V.4N BUSKIRK,Bever R., Comdr. (MC).
officer, LSTFlot 3, Lingayan and at Okin- *SHEA, John R., Jr., Lt. Comdr. (then USN, Auburn, Calif. : Senior American
awa, 2 2 Aug 1 9 4 4 to 2 5 June 1945. Lt.), USNR, Baltimore, Md.: CO, PCE 877, officer, POW Camp Dispatch No. 1,
+NACLE, Paul F., Lt. Comdr., USNR, NrW vicinity of Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 2 2 Tokyo, December 1 9 4 2 t o April 1945.
York City (posthumously) : OinC, a i r *VAN HORNE,Roscoe M., Lt., USN, Hunt-
operations officer, NavAirSta, Kaneohe *J a n to 4 Apr 1945.
SHELLEY, Tully, Commodore (then ing Park, Calif. : CO, LST 290, Normandy,
Bay, T. H., 2 1 Oct 1 9 4 4 t o cessation of
~NETHKEN,Alva F., Ens., USN, Ruston,
Capt.), USN, Washington, D. C.: Intelli-
gence officer, staff of ComNavEu prior to *
6 June 1944.
VAUCHAN,Edward J., Lt., USNR, Chi-
cago : Communications officer, LSTFlot,
La.: OinC midship repair party, uss and during assault on France, June 1944.
+SIMMS, James S., Lt. (jg), USNR, Pleas- and staff of ComTransDiv, Saipan, Tinian.
Houston, Timor Sea, 1 6 Feb 1942. antville, N. J.: CO, PCS’ 1452, vicinity Peleliu, Okinawa Gunto, and Japan.
~ O ’ H A R EGeorge
, J., Lt., USNR, Hyatts-
Okinawa Shima, 2 2 Jan. to 4 Apr 1945. Jr WACHTER,John E., Lt., USNR,Milwau-
*SISLER, Vincent A., Jr., Comdr., USN, kee, Wis.: CO, LST 58, Normandy, 6 J u n e
Washington, D. C. : Ast. Operations officer, 1944.
ComSubPac, November 1 9 4 3 to November *WALKER, William B.. Lt. (then Lt.
1944. (jg) ), USN, Los Angeles : Engineering
*SMITH, James W., Capt. (then Comdr.), officer, uss N. A . W i l e y , Okinawa, Ryukyu
USN, Hamden, Conn.: Gunnery officer. uss
Hornet, Santa CrUZ Islands, 26 Oct 1942. *
Islands, 2 3 Mar t o 2 1 June 1945.
WILMERDING,Henry A., Jr., Comdr.
(then Lt. Comdr.), USNR, Long Island, N.
*STONE, Frank P.3 Lt. Comdr. (then Lt.),
USNR,Milwaukee, Wis. : Commander, gun- Y.: CO, U s s Bates, Okinawa, Ryukyu Is-
boat support unit, Iwo Jima, Volcano Is-
lands, April to June 1945.
WITTE,Elmer F., Lt. Comdr. (then Lt.),
lands, 1 9 to 23 F e b 1945.
SOUTHERLAND, Leonard B., Comdr., uSN,
USNR, Philadelphia: CO, LST 499, Nor-
Washington. D. C.: Air officer, us9 Lex-
ington, Gilbert and Mayshall Islands, Oc- *
mandy, 6 June 1944.
WINTERFIELD, Roland W., Lt. (then Lt.
(jg) ), USNR, Minneapolis : Boat group
tober 1 9 4 3 to June 1944.
*SPEARS, William 0. Jr., Lt. (then Lt.
( j g ) ), USN, Washington, D. C. : Communi-
commander, uss Harris, Leyte.
WOODAYAN,Ronald J., Comdr., USN,
Quincy, Mass. : CO, destroyer minelayer,
cations and torpedo officer, uss P o p e , Okinawa campaign, and East China Sea.
Macassar Strait, Badoeng Strait, and the 25 Mar to 26 July 1945.
J a v a Sea, 2 4 Jan, 1 9 Feb to 2 0 Feb and
1 Mar 1942.
*STRANGE, Hubert E., Capt. (then Bronze Star M e d a l (Army)
Comdr.). USN. Johnstown. Pa. : ComLST *BUTCHER, H a r r y C., Capt.’, USNR, Wash-
Group 40, Okinawa Shima, 1 t o 6 Apr ington, D. C.: Connection with military
1945. operations, 3 to 8 May 1945.
*STUART, Luther B., Capt., USN, Oakland, *ROBERTS, Henry L., Lt. (jg), USNR,
Calif. : Operations officer and Ast. Chief of Denver, Colo. : Chief intelligence officer,
Staff ComSerPac, September 1 9 4 3 to European theater, October 1 9 4 4 to Sep-
March 1945.
~ S T U B OKnuty, C., Comdr. (then Lt.
Comdr.), USNR,San Francisco : Procure-
tember 1 9 4 5.
OLSEN,Clarence E., Rear Admiral, USN,
Waukegan, Ill. : OinC administrative ar-
Mulvaney on Bomb Disposal (BuOrd ment officer for District materlal office, rangements, Crimea Conference at Yalta,
“You do it!” Manila, 8 to 2 5 Dec 1941. 1 7 Jan to 1 2 Feb 1945.

50 A f f fMMVS

Enlisted Promotion Program Established

The Navy rating structure was con- sary by the simple fact that the men already in the higher grades, the
siderably battered and bent by nearly Navy’s rating structure is top-heavy great majority of them deservedly so
four years of war and a year of all- with high-rated personnel. The top- rated.
out demobilization, but BuPers has heaviness was a direct result of the The postwar advancements plan will
come up with a plan nicely calculated war and of demobilization, operate generally to allow nearly un-
t o bring it back into line slowly and The Navy ballooned in the war limited advancements ( a t least f o r a
surely, without disrupting the careers years from a stable, peacetime organ- time) in the lower grades, and will
of nayal enlisted men. The plan is ization t o a fighting outfit capable of give BuPers direct control over the
me immediately carrying the fight t o the enemy all numbers advanced to the higher
Circ. Ltr. 191- over the world. The inevitable result grades. As BuPers holds this number
was a tremendous need f o r able per- of advancements t o the higher grades
sonnel in high rates. To fill this need, a t a point just below the number of
of all enlisted advancements were made progres- high rated men who, for one reason
sively easier-from the standpoint of o r another, leave the service (retire-
“time in rate” requirements, primar- ment, transfer to the Fleet Reserve,
ily, and t o some extent in other quali- decision not to reenlist), the rating
will be ,made fications-until an able man found structure eventually will balance it-
commendation little barring his path to the top pay self. At such time, rules and regula-
of cos. grades. tions governing advancements again
* TO puy grade 1A - Advance- Then, when demobilization came,
these higher grades did not leave the
may be modified t o fit the circum-
m e n t s will ‘$e made from a waiting service in a s great proportions as did Here, in more detail, is how ad-
list maintained by BuPers, of candi- the lower rated men. This occurred vancements to the higher pay grades
dates selected by servide-wide com- primarily because a large proportion will he affected by the new directive:
petitive examinations. of the high rated men were “career”
To pay grade 2-Advancements Navy men, and t o some extent be- TO PAY GRADE 2
will be made from waiting lists main- cause civilian life looked more attrac- Advancement t o pay grade 2 will be
tained by certain fleet and shore com- tive to the lower ratings than it did governed by quotas assigned periodi-
mands, subject t o quotas allocated by to the top pay grades. cally by BuPers to commanders listed
BuPers, of candidates selected by com- To bring the rating structure back below, and in other cases by BuPers
petitive examinations, into line, obviously some method was approval of recommendations sub-
To pay grades 3 and 4-Ad- needed which would tend t o reduce the mitted by activities not included under
vancements may be made by COS t o numbers in the higher grades while it the commanders listed.
All vacancies in current approved al- encouraged advancements t o the lower Commanders t o whom quotas will be
lowances. grades. The new directive-Circ. Ltr. assigned are:
TO pay grade 5 -Advancements 1 9 1 4 s designed t o do just that, with- ComServLant (for reallocation of
m a y be made without regard to out operating to the disadvantage of quotas to activities included in the
To pay grade 6-Advancements
may be made upon completion of boot
training, or upon fulfillment of serv-
ice requirements if men are not previ- SecNav James Forrestal hailed During the demobilization period,
ously advanced. completion of mass demobilization, infrom 15 August 1945 to 1 September
In all cases above, candidates ‘for which 3,070,581 officer and enlisted 1946, the Navy pared its peak
advancement in rating must complete personnel were returned t o civilian strength of 3,400,000 down to ap-
all existing requirements as t o serv-’ life, with a “Well Done” to the Navy:proximately 600,000.
ice, proficiency and conduet, before “On September 1, 1946, €he per- Some Naval Reserves still on active
they may be considered eligible candi- sonnel dem,obilization program of theduty had an opportunity t o leave the
dates. These requirements, revim4 service immediately under Alnav 475-
will be found in a table accompanying 46 (NDB, 31 August). By this direc-
this article. tion of the Medical and Hospital tive male line officers of the Naval
It will be seen immediately that Reserve, retained on active duty
while advancement in the lower grades voluntarily or under contract, could
remains relatively easy, dependeyt ask immediate release to inactive
primarily upon the effort of the indi- duty, except for certain minor groups
vidual k cpalify himself, promotion of officers. Budgetary limits oc-
of qualified mers in the higher grades casioned this action.
( 3 and 4) becomes dependent upon Medical officers who are graduates
vacancies in allowance, and still of the Navy V-12 program were stlll
higher (1A and 2) becomes dependent required t o serve 24 months as com-
upon waiting lists mclintained outside ice, The reservoir of good will and missioned officers following intern-

of the individual command to which a the equity in &e affections of over ‘ship. Dental officers who were edu-
candidate may be attached. three milligp Navy veterans created cated wholly or in part by the govern-
This postwar system of advance- by our fair and rapid demobilization ment were required to serve 30
ments is only a partial return to pre- wiJ1 be of inestimable value t o the months as commissioned officers. Male
w a r methods, when the competitive Navy in the years to come. hospital corpsmen needed 18 months
exams and quotas and waiting lists TQthe entire Service I say service t o become eligible for dis-
extended down to the lower rates as most deserved Done:’ ’’ charge.
well. The new system was made neem-
~ OC708E1P 1946 51
-.. ., . ....~ -. , .. . ..,. . . .. . .. . - . __ .- . . .


organization of the Atlantic Fleet and the naval service for men in a given give them credit for additional service.
to ComNavEu) ; ComServPac (for re- rate. Persons will not be retained on wait-
allocation of quota t o activities in- The commanders listed are respon- ing lists beyond expiration of enlist-
cluded in the organization of the Pa- sible for the administrative details: ment, unless they enlist or reenlist on
cific Fleet) ; Coms l , 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 . convening examining boards, prepara- board on the day following discharge.
(less sea frontier forces) ; Com 9 ; tion of competitive exams, marking of If a candidate has been transferred
Coms 11, 12, 13 (less sea frontier exams, computation of multiples, and when his name is reached, he will be
forces) ; ComSRNC, ComPRNC (in- maintenance of six month waiting advanced in rating under the quota of
cludes Navy Department), CNaTra, lists of qualified candidates for ad- the command from which transferred,
CNATE. Sea frontier force quotas vancement. provided he is qualified in the opinion
will be included under the quotas as- Competitive exams must be con- of his new CO. Only personnel in pay
signed ComServLant and ComServPac. ducted within the six-month period grade 3 rates, who a r e recommended
Quotas will be allocated for each prior t o advancement; thus, they may by their COS and who will have ful-
pay grade 2 rate on the basis of the be given semi-annually and a t such filled the applicable factors for ad-
ratio of the combined allowances for other times a s may be necessary to vancement in rating will be permitted
each rate in commands included under provide eligible candidates for waiting to compete for advancement.
the commanders listed to the allow- lists. Eligibles on waiting lists during
ance for the rate in the Navy a s a the first “quarter” of the six-month TO PAY GRADE 1A
whole. An additional consideration in period who are not advanced, will be Service-wide competitive exams for
assignment of quotas will be, of carried on the lists t o the next quar- advancement to pay grade 1A will be
course, the current requirements of ter and their multiples recomputed to held periodically, and the names of
qualifying candidates placed on an
eligibility list compiled and main-
tained by BuPers. Candidates will be
Service and Marks Requirements placed on the waiting lists for each
rate in the pay grade in the order of
With revision of the rules for ad- 191-46 (NDB, 31 August). See story the final multiple scores attained and
vancement in rating have come new on these pages. Another directive in such numbers as t o meet the con-
service and marks requirements (Alnav 488-46; NDB, 31 August) templated requirements for the rates
which must be met by men wishing provided that m‘arks for the perfor- in the ensuing year. Advancement of
to be promoted. The new require- mance of duty shall be assigned and persons on the lists will be authorized
ments are substantially those which entered in the service records of en- by BuPers as permitted by vacancies
existed before the war. The table listed personnel quarterly, instead of in the Navy as a whole. Names of
below! shows these new requirements semi-annually, hereafter. First quar- personnel placed on the lists will re-
at a glance. It has been promulgated terly marks were entered 30 Sep- main on them until individuals are ad-
as enclosure A to BuPers Circ. Ltr. tember. vanced or until their names are re-
moved by BuPers on recommendation
SERVICE M A R E S REQ VIREMENT8 of COS, for disciplinary or other bona
Pay Grade
Present Pay Grade
In Rating I Conduct
fide reasons.
A relatively limited number of
7 to 6 No specifled time for None None qualified candidates will be placed on
advancements effected the eligibility lists, a s compared t o the
on comoletion of number that may be eligible t o take
recruit haining by
TraCens ; otherwise, the examination. ConseqiTeqtly, COS
4 mos. naval service were enjoined by Circ. Ltr. 191 to
6 to 5 6 mos. No marks less than No mark less than “exercise discretion in recommending
2.5 for preceding 6 2.5 for preceding 6 candidates to insure that only person-
mos. and not less than mos. and an average nel well suited for advancement to
3.5 for quarter pre- of not less than 3.25
ceding advancement f o r 6 mos. preceding pay grade 1A are recommended” for
advancement. the exams. BuPers pointed out that
No mark less than No mark less than careful selection of candidates to take
5 to 4 6 mos. the exams, based on qualities of leader-
2.5 for preceding 6 3.0 for preceding 6
mos. and not less than mos. and an average ship, character and performance of
3.5 f o r quarter pre- of not less than 3.5 duty, will eliminate the necessity of
ceding advancement for 6 mos. preceding
advancement placing a restriction on the number of
candidates that may be recommended
4 to 3 12 mos. No mark less than No mark less than for competitive examination.
3.0 for preceding 12 3.0 for preceding 12
mos. and an average mos. and an average
of not less than 3.5
for 12 mos. preceding
of not less than 3.5
for 12 mos. preceding
advancement advancement Authority for COS to effect ap-
12 mos. and 36 mos. No mark less than No mark less than pointments to pay grade 1 was can-
3 to 2 celled by Circ. Ltr. 191, effective 1
total active service. 3.0 for preceding 12 3.0 f o r preceding 12
* Sea duty of at least mos. and an average mos. and an average November. On and after that date,
6 mos. in pay grades of not less than 3 . 5 of not less than 3.5 appointments will be governed by Art.
3 and/or 4 for 12 mos. preceding f o r 12 mos. preceding
advancement advancement D-5111, BuPers Manual, which pro-
vides that appointments shall be made
2 to 1A 36 mos. No mark less than No mark less than by BuPers, acting upon recommenda-
* Sea duty of at least 3.0 for preceding 2 4 3.0 for preceding 24
tion of qualified candidates by COS.
12 mos. in pay grade 2 mos. and an average mos. and an average
of not less than 3.5 of not less than 3.5 A new certificate of appointment to
for 2 4 mos. preceding for 24 mos. preceding
advancement advancement pay grade 1 is being prepared by Bu-
Pers. Such certificates (of a previous
1A to 1 12 mos. design) had been issued up to 27 Jan
* 12 mos. sea duty As prescribed in Art. D-5111, BuPers Manual
1942. BuPers plans now to issue the
in pay grade 1A
new certificate t o those men a p
* Sea duty not required for: (d) Repatriated enlisted personnel, pointed t o pay grade 1 between that
l a > V - I- n” nersnnnel.
_.__..-. ~~
provided BuPers Circ. Ltr. 39-46 applies date and 31 October of this year, who
ibj Aviation branch ratings except in the individual case.
were appointed by COS under author-
ABMAG. ABMCP, ABMGA, BBMPH, ( e > Personnel classifled L5 or L6 in
SKV TMV and PTRV. acdokdance with “Instructions for the ity delegated to them in BuPers Circ.
( c j Male specialists, BMM. T, SAD. Navy Personnel Accounting System,” Ltr. 11-42 (NDB, cum. ed.). COS
SADMG. March 1946 (NavPers 15642, revised).
were directed to review the service

records of all men aboard appointed or appointment to pay grade 1, of re-
to pay grade 1 rates during the above
period, and to submit t o the Bureau a I How to Figure
patriated POWs shall be made in ac-
cordance with Circ. Ltr. 191. Repatri-
list of personnel in this category as
of 1 November. BuPers will issue I 6
Vacancy Allowance
ated personnel who are discharged
and who enlist or reenlist under con-
tinuous service, are entitled t o a con-
certificates on the basis of these lists. To determine vacancies in allow-
Future certificates will be issued by ance for purposes of advancements tinuation of their rights to advance-
the Bureau as it appoints men to pay in rating, the following sample ment under Circ. Ltr. 39-46. Ex-POWs
gradc 1, after 1 November. table is useful. who are discharged, and enlist or re-
Vacancies enlist under broken service, are
SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES for deemed not entitled t o any additional
Allow- On Actual Advance- advancements under 39-46 (this clause
Circ. Ltr. 191 (enclosure F ) listed Rate ance Board Vacancies ment
is a modification of earlier directives
special instructions applicable t o cer- CSF 1 2 -l=A 0
tain classifications, categories and SF1 3 1 +2=B A ~ B ) governing POW advancements).
1 (sumof
ratings. SF2 4 1 +3=C 4 (sumof Temporary officers, USN and USNR,
Personnel in classes V-5, V-8 (while A,B&C) whose permanent status is enlisted,
in training for aviation pilot) and SF3 5 4 +1=D 5 (sumof may be advanced in their enlisted
V-12, Naval Reserve, are not eligible A. B, C . status in accordance with BuPers
& D)
f o r advancement under the provisions Circ. Ltr. 126-45 (NDB, Jan-June,
of this letter, 1945). Recommendations for appoint-
general and may strike for the ratings ment of these personnel to pay grade
Waves (v-10 personnel) may be listed above. 1 shall be made in accordance with
advanced in accordance with instruc-
tions in the letter, with certain excep- CB personnel advancements in rat- Circ. Ltr. 191.
tions below: ing and appointment t o pay grade 1 Specialist ratings and certain e n -
will be governed by Circ. Ltr. 191 ex- eral service ratings are in a special
V-10 .personnel may be advanced cept a s follows : category. No advancements from non-
in (or strike for) these ratings: S1 and F1 personnel may be ad- rated grades to pay grade 4 specialist
S SKT SSMT SPQCR SPXQM vanced to general service or CB rates ratings shall be made without spe-
HA SKV CCS SPQIN SPXRT in pay grade 4 to fill vacancies in cific BuPers approval, except to the
ETM Y SC SPQRP SPXSB allowances, but uSN personnel shall following ratings to fill vacancies in
RM SK BKR SPQTE SPXTD not be a d v a n c e d t o COXCBS, allowance:
AMM PRTRM SPI SPV SPXNC 0 Personnel need not complete SPXCT, S P X J O , S P X P R and
AETM MAM SPPLB SPXED SPXVA training courses for specific petty offi- SPXNC. Personnel holding specialist
AM PBM SPPMP SPXKP SPERW cer ratings. ratings may be advanced in accord-
PR SSML SPPPQ SPXPR SPY Service s c h o 01 requirements ance with provisions of Circ. Ltr. 191
AERM (where such exist) do not apply. and its enclosures. No changes of rat-
Consideration for advancement in Ship repair personnel may be ad- ing from general service to specialist
SSMB rating will be made upon re- vanced up to pay grade 3 under pro- shall be effected without specific Bu-
quest from stations in isolated locali- visions of BuPers Circ. Ltr. 254-45 Pers authority. USN personnel, and
ties where adequate civilian facilities (NDB, 31 Aug 1945), subject to the Fleet Reservists, may not be advanced
are not available. new service, sea duty and marks re- to the rating of telegrapher, and no
Upon completion of recruit train- quirements (see tabley . But advance- other male personnel may be so ad-
ing, V-10 personnel shall be advanced ments t o pay grade 2 and 1A must be vanced without BuPers approval (see
to S2, o r H2 if selected for the Hos- in accordance with Circ. Ltr. 191. p. 54 for clarification of sea duty and
pital Corps. Armed Guard personnel advance- service requirements).
V-10 seamen not graduates of a ments to pay grade 4 and 3 rates con- Travel by NATS limited
service school and not selected a s tinue to be governed by paragraphs 1
strikers for certain rates in accord- through 4(b) of BuPers Ltr. Pers- For Inactive Personnel
ance with quotas which may have 67-ez, P17/MM, 24 Feb 1945. Ad- Retired and Naval Reserve person-
been established by BuPers, are avail- vancement of these persons to pay nel on inactive duty and their depen-
able for detail to nonrated billets in grade 2 shall be governed by Circ. dents can travel by Naval Air Trans-
Ltr. 191. port Service planes only on authority
Fleet Reservists and retired en- of BuPers, it was announced in Alnav
508-46 (NDB, 15 September). Such
All Short Enlistment listed personnel on active duty are travel will not be authorized except in
Periods of 2 and 3 Years subject to provisions of Circ. Ltr. 191. special cases. This directive modifies
Discontinued 1 September Repatriated enlisted personnel pre- Alnav 404-46 (NDB, 31 July).
sent a specialized case. BuPers Circ.
All short enlistment periods of two Ltr. 39-46 (NDB, 15 February)
and three years, including enlistment states basic Navy policy, which is to
of personnel qualified for electronic enable these men t o attain a status
technician’s mate training, were dis- in the naval service which they might
continued by the Navy on 1 Septem- have attained had they not been held
ber. All enlistments and reenlistments yisoners of war or in a like status.
f o r the regular Navy are now four or 1 his principle still holds, with certain
six years, a t the choice of the appli- modifications. Such advancements must
cant. be effected during the period not ex-
The only exception t o the new en- ceeding 18 months after repatriated
listment requirement is that appli- POWs report to a duty station follow-
cants who are 17 years old may enlist ing processing and leave. Such ad-
for their minority (until their 21st vancements are permitted so long as
birthday). the retroactive dates fall within the
Two and three year enlistments period during which personnel were
were previously discontinued on 2 July separated from naval jurisdiction and
by NavAct 58-46 (NDB, 15 July), within the period of processing and
with the exception of eleetronic tech- leave immediately following repatria-
nician’s mates, former Navy personnel tion. In addition, a single subsequent I
with a minimum of one year of active advancement is permitted, in the 18- Beacon, NavHosp, Corona, Calif.
service during World War 11,’and month period. ”If you want to see some real love making
applicants 17 years af age. All other advancements in rating, look at fhe sailor in the back row.”

‘Sea Duty and Service in Pay Grade Clarified
Clarification of the term “sea duty” after commissioning, if assignment listment or reenlistment was effected
where used in connection with qualifi- will be to the seagoing forces o r be- under continuous service (not “broken
cations f o r advancement in rating was yond the continental limits of the U. S. service”), shall be counted in deter-
included ia enclosure A to BuPers Circ. Rules regarding definition of sea mining qualification for advancement.
Ltr, 191-46 (NDB, 31 August). The duty in connection with temporary The period between discharge and en-
enclosure also discussed the require- duty under instruction a t schools listment o r reenlistment under con-
ments of the “time in rate” factor. within continental U. S. generally pro- tinuous service shall not be counted a s
vide that such periods of instruction time served in present pay grade. Per-
SEA DUTY shall be counted as sea duty if person- sonnel enlisted in a rate lower than
nel concerned are ordered from and that in which discharged shall again
Generally, sea duty for purposes of return again t o sea duty, subject to the fulfill service in pay grade require-
advancement was defined as (1) duty following provisions : ments for any succeeding advance-
in vessels assigned as a part of the Where the course of instruction is ment. In the cases of personnel who,
organization of the seagoing forces; less than three months, the entire pe- in the past, were discharged in a tem-
(2) duty beyond the continental limits riod may be counted toward fulfill- porary (higher) rate, were enlisted o r
of the United States; (3) duty with ment of the sea duty requirement for reenlisted in their permanent (lower)
the Fleet Marine Force. But these advancement to pay grade 2. Where rate,. and were immediately advanced
general definitions were qualified in the course exceeds three months, only to the former temporary rate, prior
many ways. three months of the period may be service in the higher pay grade shall
Duty which may n o t be counted as counted. be counted.
sea duty for purposes of advancement 0 Where the course of instruction Men who have been reduced in rat-
in rating: is less than six months, the entire pe- ing by COS for misconduct o r by sen-
0 Duty in seagoing vessels assigned riod may be counted toward fulfillment tence of a deck court, summary o r
to continental naval districts and river of the sea duty requirement f o r ad- general court martial, are required t o
commands, and duty in shore-based vancement t o pay grade 1A. Where fulfill again the service and other re-
fleet activities within the continental the course exceeds six months, only quirements in effect for advancement.
limits. Exception: In cases where dis- six months of the period may be An exception is that personnel in pay
trict vessels, o r men attached to shore- counted. grades 1 or 1A reduced t o pay grade
based fleet activities, are engaged in Temporary duty under instruction 2 will be considered eligible to compete
operations a t sea more than 50 per in continental U. S. schools shall not for readvancement if, as of the date
cent of the days in the period in ques- count a s sea duty in meeting the re- announced for fulfillment of eligibility
tion, the entire period may be credited quirements for appointment to pay requirements, a period not less than
a s sea duty, provided no day is counted grade 1. two years has been served in the lower
during which the period of operation Service in the inactive fleets shall pay grade, and provided marks re-
was less than four hours. be considered sea duty for purposes of quirements have been maintained.
Service in pay grade shall not be
0 Leave in excess of 90 days. advancement, including appointment counted which was performed prior to
0 Any leave from sea duty where to pay grade 1, except that a t such the date of the offense which resulted
the individual is ordered to report to future date as such service may be in the reduction in rating, or, if con-
a new duty station within the conti- designated shork duty f o r purposes of finement was served, prior to the date
nental limits a t the expiration of such rotation, this duty no longer will be of termination of confinement.
leave. considered sea duty. Duty in the re-
serve fleets shall be considered as !ea Prior service in present pay grade
0 Periods between discharge and en- shall not be counted if interrupted by
listment o r reenlistment. duty for advancement purposes, in-
cluding appointment to pay grade 1. discharge, and the person in question
0 Time spent in hospitals,’ on con- Sea pay is not a governing factor in did not enlist o r ‘ reenlist within 90
valescent leave, or in similar status, determining whether a particular duty days.
in the continental U. S., for periods in assignment shall be considered sea Where total active service is a re-
excess of 60 days. duty for purposes of advancement o r quirement, all previous active naval
0 Any time spent in continental hos- appointment. service, either continuous or broken,
pitals as a result of misconduct. Computation of periods of sea duty may be counted.
0 Duty in connection with fitting out will be made under the following Total active Navy service, and all
of new construction vessels, o r recom- rules : naval service performed in present pay
missioning of vessels, for periods in Sea duty shall be computed on a grade, shall be used in the computa-
excess of three month. In such cases, monthly basis. Periods of less than tion of multiples on Forms NavPers
sea duty shall begin with the date of one month shall be totaled on the basis 624.
reporting aboard such vessels for duty that 30 days equals one month.
0 Sea duty shall start on the day Photos, Motion Pictures
of reporting for sea duty or on the Sought for Navy’s Files
date of transfer from a RecSta o r
other activity within the continental Many naval ships- and activities
U. S. for transportation t o type of have in their files photos and motion
duty defined above a s sea duty. pictures no longer useful to them, but
0 Sea duty shall end on the date of
which are important to the Navy as a
transfer from that duty, o r on the date whole.
of reporting to the first shore activity These pictures are a continuing
within the continental limits when source of information for permanent
transportation from a point outside reference, and are important for his-
the continental limits is involved. Pe- torical, strategic, training and public
riods b e t w e e n s e a duty a s s i g n m e n t s information mnmoses.
which involve leave for not more than Attention of all commands concerned
90 days shall be considered a s con- is invited to SecNav Ltr. AER-PH-
tinuous sea duty. LAP of 31 October 1945 (NDB, 15
November 1945), which outlined the
S ERVlC E procedure for forwarding such pic-
Service performed in present pay tures. Further details were given in
BuSandaA Newsletter grade during current enlistment, or CNO ltr. Op53 LAP/jas, Ser. 2P53, of
“Been here long, sir?” during prior enlistment if current en- 1Jan. 1946.
64 A l l UANVS
Former USN ( T I Officers Navy‘s New Personnel Accounting System
Now in Enlisted Status
Get Clothing Allowance Handles Big Reporting Job With Speed
Payment of cash clothing allow- Yeomen who customarily made a Part 1 serves a s a Muster Card and
ance t o former temporary commis- cloister of the exec’s office f o r several Part 3 as an Allowance Card. the first
sioned or warrant officers who revert days at the end of each month soon filed alphabetically and the second
to serve on extended active duty as will blow the dust off their liberty alphabetically by rate. BuPers wants
enlisted men, was authorized in Alnav cards and emerge, blinking a t the sun- these cards stowed in visible files, SO
462-46 (NDB, 31 Aug). light, to catch the first boat. that visual colored and numbered sig-
Enlisted men who are serving under Emancipation Proclamation for the nals may be used to show duty status,
temporary appointments a s commis- yeomen is Alnav 490-46 (NDB, 31 Au- longevity and expiration of enlistment.
sioned or warrant officers and who are gust), which announced the Navy The daily Personnel Diary sup-
reverting to serve on extended active would cut over to the new Personnel plants Received and Transfer beoks,
duty a s CPOs, cooks, stewards or mem- Accounting System by midnight, 1 Oc- one copy of the diary retained on
bers of Navy or Naval Academy bands, tober. Brainy business machines that board showing all that used to be on
are entitled t o receive a cash clothing devour tiny facts and grind out huge both of these logs, and considerably
allowance of $105. ones will take over the burden that more. This sort of thing may even
Temporary officers who revert to made strong yeomen weep. The single give yeomen time to extend sym-
serve on active duty in any rating operation of checking Quarterly MUS- pathy to all who come seeking it.
below CPO, except cooks, stewards, ter Roll and Monthly Report of During the change-over period,
and band members, are entitled to a Changes on a crew of 36,000 once however, ship’s offices sweat under ab-
cash clothing allowance of $100. busied two shifts of eight men each normal work loads. BuPers is aware
Enlisted men who have been dis- for approximately two weeks. The of this, but is inclined t o believe the
charged a s temporary commissioned or machine flexes its metallic muscles fault lies with yeomen themselves who
warrant officers who reenlist to serve and polishes off this job in 14 hours, failed to install the new system grad-
in these same categories, also will re- while the single operator plays acey ually during demobilization. They
ceive payment if reenlistment occurs deucy o r writes a letter home. may be comforted by contemplation
within three months of discharge. For the shipboard yeoman the new of the miracle of the business ma-
system means abolition of six man- chine. Its wizardry will provide the
Naval Photo Service ually-prepared reports and the sub- Navy with daily box scores on per-
stitution of two others, both of them sonnel, both officer and enlisted.
Reassigned to PRNC simpler than the old ones. Quarterly Key to the entire system are codes
The Naval Photographic Service, Muster Roll ( NavPers 605A), Monthly which are punched from the cards sub-
which supervises all photography in Report of Changes (NavPers 605B), mitted to Machine Records Installa-
the Navy, has been established as an Report of Changes Upon Sailing tions. With the proper holes indi-
activity of the Potomac River Naval (NavPers 605B), Monthly Report of cating rate, designator, duty assigned,
Command, under technical control of Enlisted Personnel (NavPers 625), race, date of expiration of enlist-
DCNO(Air). It formerly was as- Muster Roll Report (NavPers 605A, ment and other pertinent facts, the
signed to the Office of the Chief of Revised October 1946) and Officers cards can produce eye-popping infor-
Naval Operations. Strength Report (NavPers 349) are mation. After simple adjustment of
The Naval Photographic Science the reports most activities are relieved the wiring, for instance, the machine
Laboratory, NAS, Anacostia, D.C., has of. Replacing these are the Personnel can select from decks of cards all
been redesignated, under an officer in Accounting Card (NavPers 500) and CMOMMs qualified in submarines and
charge, as the Naval Photographic the Daily Personnel Diary (NavPers with ;two years of current enlistment
Center. This is a subordinate activity 501). remaining.
of the Photographic Service. A Damahlet. Instructions for the A new method of coding duty limi-
NavyLPersonnkl Accounting System, tations shows instantly which men
(NavPers 15,642, Revised March may be assigned combatant sea duty
RegulationsRevised 1946) explains preparation of the new and those who must not leave the con-
Concerning Combat ‘V’ forms and the method of cutting over tinental U. s. Simplified also are rat-
from the old system. ing abbreviations, which omit paren-
Qualifications for award of the com- The card and the daily diary are to theses and drop the “c” from petty
bat distinguishing device “V” t o be be submitted to one of 21 Personnel officer ratings so that a Specialist (X)
worn on the ribbon of the Legion of Accounting Offices, which were iden- (Plastic Expert) first class is now
Merit and Bronze S t a r Medal, were re- tified by Alnav 490-46 as having Ma- shown as SPXPL1. Abbreviations of
vised in Alnav 504-46 (NDB, 15 Sep- chine Records Installations. Individual officer rank are simplified in the same
tember). The Alnav states it may be activities were assigned to one of the style.
worn for acts o r services involving Personnel Accounting Offices by Alnav Descriptions of changes, which for-
direct participation in combat opera- 307-45 (NDB, 15 October 1945). These merly had to be written out at full
tions. SecNav Ltr. 319-46 (NDB, 15 offices, from the facts contained in the length in monthly reports, are as-
February) formerly stated it might be Personnel Accounting Cards and the signed simple abbreviations.
awarded for services o r acts per- Daily Personnel Diary, compile the
formed in actual combat with the
enemy. reports which used to chain yeomen Appointment, Promotion
t o their desks.
Machine Record Installations are lo- Medical Rdes Revised
Penicillin Now Unlimited cated in the following commands: Certain physical standards for ap-
Com 1, Com 3, Com 4, Corn 5, Corn 6, pointment of enlisted men t o warrant
For Any Legitimate Use Com 7, Corn 8, Com 9, Com 11, Com or commissioned rank, and for promo-
Penicillin now is available without 13, SRNC, PRNC, ComServLantSub- tion of warrant officers, were changed
restrictions on its legitimate use, it OrdComd, ComServPac, ComAirPac, by Alnav 503-46 (NDB, 15 Septem-
was announced in Alnav 473-46 (NDB, ComWestSeaFron, Com F a i r W e s t- ber), which altered the Manual of the
31 August). Coast, CNAT, CNAdvTra, CNABas- Medical Department on this subject.
During the war, use of the drug Tra, and CNATechTra. The directive forbids appointment o r
was limited even in the treatment of In addition to the six reports al- promotion of applicants with a record
military personnel, because of low ready mentioned the new system re- of latent o r active syphilis during the
production. Now that the national places other exec’s office procedures. past two years. Previously, the time
production program f o r penicillin has The Personnel Accounting Card is in element had been five years. An ex-
greatly expanded, BuMed has declared three parts, Part 2 for the cognizant ception is that cases showing any cen-
it available for treatment in any case Personnel Accounting Office and Parts tral nervous system involvement are
where its use will be of benefit, 1 and 3 for the emancipated yeoman. absolutely disqualified.

OCTO8€10 1944 55
- TU€ 8UCC€TIN 80ARV -
Marines Will Commission
Termiinal Leave Procedures Clarified; Percentage of MRQTCs
Rules Outlined for Transfer Separation The Marine Corps will acceDt for
commissions in the Marine Corps Re-
The $2,700,000,000 cat that is the serve 16% per cent of qualified
Armed Forces Leave Act of 1946 be Cfrc. Lfr. 155 Cancelled NROTC graduates. Graduates who de-
gan creeping out of the bag last month BuPers Circ. Ltr. 193-46 (NDB, 31 sire the appointment mav submit ap-
BuPers directives clarified many August), reported in this column, cancels plications on forms nrovided by the
points of procedure for Navy men, who BuPers Circ. Ltr. 28-45 (NDB, January-June, MarCorps to all NROTC units.
are delighted about the new system of 19451 (corrected) and as amended by Circ. Applicants must be qualified gradu-
leave administration but bewildered by Ltrs. 308-45 (NDB, 15 Oct 19451, and 155- ates and must state their interest in a
the‘ complexities involved. The Navy 4 6 and 158-46 (NDB, 15 July). probationary regular commission in
learned, for example, that: The provisions of the cancelled Circ. lh. the U. S. Marine Coros. They must be
0 Men will be transferred to separa- recommended by their CO.
155-46 were reported in ALL HANDS, Sep-
tion activities, processed and sent on tember 1946, p. 54. The provisions included Graduates accepted will be ordered
terminal leave so that their leaves will reestablishment of a 30-days-per-year leave to active dutv a s second lieutenants in
expire not later than the date of ex- policy, and travel time in addition to leave. the Marine Corps Reserve, and will be
piration of their enlistments or date of Attention is invited to the fact that Circ. assigned to the next available class of
voluntary extensions-with several ex- Lh. 155-46, and these provisions of it, were the Basic School, Marine Corps
ceptions. Those eligible for discharge cancel!ed by Circ. Ltr. 193-46. Circ. Ltr. Schools, Quantico, Va.
or release prior to 1 January will com- 193-46, as reported here, i s an adminis-
mence terminal leave on date of eligi trative directive for the purpose of carrying
BuMed Conducts Survey
bility. Hospital corpsmen, who were out the provisions of the Armed Forces leave Of Chest Examinations
retained involuntarily, also start termi-
nal leave not later than date of eligi- Act recently passed, which i s now the leave By dipping a sample out of the per-
bility for release. Men held as court policy for all the armed services and which sonnel barrel, BuMed seeks t o deter-
martial witnesses and those undergo- cancelled some provisions of former leave mine the number of Navy and Marine
ing hospitalization will go on leave as policy (notably, the provisions allowing Corps personnel who have received
soon as practicable after date of eligi- travel time in addition to leave). routine Roentgenographic o r photo-
bility. Three days must be allowed for ~

fluorographic chest examinations in

processing. In other words, if your nouncements spread the glad news t o the past year.
enlistment expires on 1 April and you veterans throughout the country. They Activities were instructed by Alnav
rate 60 days terminal leave, you should learned that application forms are 509-46 (NDB, 15 September) to re-
be transferred t o reach the separation available in all post offices. Payments port (1) the number of personnel on
center by 28 January. ( Alnav 476-46 ; t o veterans probably will start in No- board 15 September, (2) the number
NDB, 31 Azgust). vember. They will receive one non- on board whose surnames began with
Q TVhen departing on terminal leave, transferable, non-negotiable bond to the letters “C” o r “T,” and (3) the
you will receive your first mustering the highest multiple of $25 and the number of “C” Charlies and “T” Tares
out payment of $100 and travel allow- balance in cash. If claims total less whose chests have been so examined
ance a t the rate of five cents a mile to than $50, full payment will be in cash. within tke previous year.
place of acceptance f o r enlistment. Zf
gou.have 45 days or less of leave, you
will be paid in full on date of dis-
charge. Zf you have more than 45 Hospitalized officers Get Unused Leave
days, you will be paz‘d to date 30 days Periods which officers of the Navy shall turn over t o the MOIC of the
after going on leave, and be mailed and Marine Corps on terminal leave hospital the large diploma-size certifi-
your final check on date o f discharge. may spend hospitalized in naval hos- cate of satisfactory service, wallet-
Savings accounts will be liquidated on pitals will not be chargeable to their size certificate of satisfactory service
date of discharge. ( A l n a v 493-46; terminal leave, nor will such officers be (NavPers 554) and identification card
N D B , 15 September). released t o inactive duty while hos- for inactive Naval Reserve personnel
0 When going on terminal leave, pitalized, it was ordered by Alstacon (NavPers 904), which shall be de-
you will take with you a copy of your 052306 of September. stroyed. New separation forms will
Notice of Separation and a set of The Alstacon, which cancelled Alsta- be made upon the officer’s release
terminal leave orders. Your discharge cons 222258 March, 060012 April a r d from the hospital if no medical sur-
certificate and the original copy of paragraph one of Alstacon 312015 vey is ordered.
your Notice of Separation will be May, provided that orders of officers Terminal leave equal t o unused
mailed to you. While on terminal leave, admitted to naval hospitals while they terminal leave plus leave accrued dur-
you may wear civilian clothes and seek are on terminal leave must be modified ing hospitalization will be granted in
employment. You will not have t o re- to place the officer concerned in a duty accordance with BuPers Circ. Ltr.
port back to any Navy activity for status under treatment, 193-46 (NDB, 31 August). The sepa-
discharge. Technically on active duty, Modification will be by endorsement ration orders should read: “Dis-
you will be subject to Navy discipline of separation orders by the medical charged from treatment this date.
during the leave period. (Alnav 492- officer in command, indicating the You have been found physically fit for
46 ; NDB, 15 September). number of days of terminal leave used release t o inactive dutv. In accord-
In BuPers Cwcular Letter 103-46 up, and to this effect: “In accordance ance with Alstacon 052306 September,
( N D B , 31 A u g u s t ) methods of termi- with Alstacon 052306 September, 1946, 1946, you are hereby granted (num-
nal leave computation, with ex<amples, the unexpected portion of your separa- ber) days leave at the expiration of
methods of recording leave tak.en and tion orders is modified this date in that which on (date) you will consider
N a v y leave policy are explained. T h i s you will not continue on terminal leave yourself detached from all active
letter cancels conflicting portions of and will not be released to inactive duty. Carry out the remainder of
BuPers Manual. N a v y Regulations duty on the date indicated, but will your separation orders.”
will be changed t o conform. continue treatment this hospital until If a medical survey is ordered for
0 Nothing in Alnav 445-46 fNnB, 15 discharged from treatment. Since the patient, he will be held at the hos-
August) or Alnav 467-46 (NDB, 31 processing for separation you have pital until further action is taken by
August), which concerned the Armed used (number) days terminal leave.” BuPers.
Forces Leave Act, prohibits payment COS of separation activities holding Mileage money to which personnel
of furlough travel allowance. (Alnav such officers’ pay records will forward may be entitled upon release to inac-
500-46; NDB, 15 September). Pay- pay records t o the hospital. A tempo tive duty shall be paid once only.
ment of theqe allowances is explained rary pay record will not be opened, Reserve officers who have gone on
in Alnav 360-45 (NDB, 31 October) and allotments will not be reregis- inactive duty upon expiration of terrn-
and Alnav 355-46 (NDB, 15 July). tered. inal lewe are not entitled to naval
Meanwhile Navy and Army an- Upon hospitalization, the officer hospitalization. ‘
Qualified Enlisted Men 1,400 Ex-Waves Needed
Eligible for Sub Duty; In Certain Ratings; Now
Requirements listed 4,223 Enlisted on Duty
Initial training for submarine duty Offices of Naval Officer Procurement
is still wide open to qualified enlisted are continuing t o reenlist Waves in
men, BuPers has announced. Require- certain rating groups. An additional
ments for selection and general in- 1,400 ex-Waves are needed to supple-
structions for application are given in ment the 3,600 already being retained
BuPers Circ. Ltr. 189-46, (NDB 31 on active duty until 1 July 1947.
Aug) -
To qualify for submarine duty, an
This program is not open to f o r p e r
enlisted or officer Spars, Marines,
applicant must : Wacs or t o Wave officers. The latter
includes ex-Wave enlisted personnel
b Volunteer for duty in submarines
who were advanced to officer rank.
and sign the statement, “I volunteer Eeenlistments are needed by ex-
for submarine duty,’’ on page 9 of his Waves in the following ratings: HA,
service record. PHM, S, T, S P ( T ) ( L T ) , S P ( T ) -
b Have a minimum combined score (LCNT) , SP(Y), PR, SP (G), AERM,
of 100 on GCT and ARI (Navy and AMMI.
Standard Score) ; and Personnel In- Total strength of enlisted personnel
ventory Test Format B, raw score of the Women’s Reserve as of 13 Sep-
lower than 14. tember was 4,223. By categories they
b Be physically qualified for sub- Beam, NAB, Corpus Christi, Tex are :
marine duty in .accordance with Art. s’You’re new here, aren’t you?” 0 Volunteers until 1 July 1947, re-
1535, Manual of the Medical Depart- tained by authority of various AlSta-
ment, a s completely rewritten in Bu- return to submarine duty from per, Cons-3,474.
Med Ltr. BuMed R1-OIM P2-5/Ss sonnel qualified in subs, or whosc b Volunteers until 1 July 1947, who
(123) 21 Apr 1944, (NDB 30 June qualification has lapsed due to an ab- have reenlisted-139.
1944). sence of six months or more, and who 0 An additional small number of
Q Show no evidence of emotional or have had actual war patrol experience volunteers until 1 J a n 1947 and Hos-
mental instability or immaturity. and wish t o return to duty within the pital Corps Volunteers retained for
Any man convicted by general court Submarine Force. In general BuPers varying periods.
martial or with two or more courts desires that all such personnel be re-
martial will not be accepted. turned t o duty in the Submarine
Age limits are not set on a definite Force. Ordnance Training Opened
basis because the primary considera- Personnel who have been declared To Transferring OfEcers
tions are maturity and flexibility, temperamentally unfit or disqualified Temporary warrant and commis-
which may be present o r lacking in for submarine duty are not eligible sioned officers who have requested
men of the same age. for return to submarine duty. Per- transfer to permanent USN warrant
When a man over 30 years of age is sonnel declared physically disqualified status as gunner or chief gunner, may
recommended for submarine duty, his for submarine duty will be eligible for apply for courses of instruction a t
CO must ascertain and state on his reassignment to submarine duty only Gunnery Officers Ordnance School,
request that he is outstanding emo- after having been found physically Washington, D. C., NavAct 66-46
tionally and physically. qualified by a submarine medical (NDB, 31 August) announced.
Requests for submarine duty are officer. The catalog of courses for Gunnery
desired from enlisted personnel in the Officers Ordnance School (NavPers
following ratings: GM, TM, QM, SM, Working Uniform Rules 16048) lists courses which cover from
FC, S, EM, RM, ETM, MOMM, F, Y, Compiled in New Chapter four to 24 weeks of technical instruc-
PHM (1st and 2nd class only), SC, tions in theory of operation, construc-
BKR, ST (except first class), and Regulations issued in the last three tion, operational features, limitations,
STM (except first class). Machinist’s years regarding working uniform casualty analysis and supervision of
mates are also desired but their re- have been codified by a new Chapter repairs of shipboard ordnance equip-
quests must state whether the appli- XI, Uniform Regulations, 1941. This ment. Warrant officers are included as
cant has had any previous experience new chapter cancels Alnav 211-46 and candidates who may attend the school
with internal-combusion engines, and Chapter XI and Annex H of Uniform on temporary duty basis as prescribed
that he desires to change his rate to Regulations, and modifies BuPers Circ. by Alnav 319-46 (NDB, 30 June). Ap-
MOMM when qualified. Ltrs. 353-45, 16-45, 199-44, 182-44, plications for the course should be
Enlisted personnel in the ratings 97-44 and 153-43. The chapter has forwarded via official channels to Bu-
1 listed above, in all ships and stations, been distributed to commands con- Pers (Attn: Pers 3127 for temporary
with certain exceptions, may request cerned. warrants; Pers 31294 for commis-
transfer to submarine duty a t any Gray working uniforms will not be sioned officers).
time by written official request to permitted after 15 Oct 1948, according Although these courses were not
BuPers (via COS and intermediate to Alnav 406-46 (NDB, 31 July). designed t o meet the needs of war-
commands). Exceptions include re- rant gunner training., thev will assist
cruits in training, personnel in class Waves, Nurses May Wear in imnrovement and broadening of the
A schools, personnel who have not qualifications of gunners and chief
completed at least 12 months service Civvies on liberty, Leave gunners.
with six months’ continuous duty Civilian clothes may be worn by The facilities of the Advanced Tech-
aboard ship o r station a t the time of Waves and Navy Nurses when on nical Service Schools inchdine: gun-
request, and CB personnel. Requests authorized liberty and leave, it was ner’s mates and fire control-advanced
from newly-commissioned ships shall announced by Alnav 518-46 (NDB, will be utilized to adaot the training
not be forwarded until applicant has 30 Sept). of the Gunnery Officers Ordnance
completed 12 months service aboard. Male officers under instruction at School to meet the needs of the indi-
ComSubLant has been directed to civilian educational institutions and in vidual warrant officer. Copies of Nav-
assign graduates of the submarine civilian industrial establishments may Pers 16048 and 90095 which describe
school t o duty in new construction wear civilian clothing at all times, ac- the courses at the Advanced Technical
subvarines, and to submarine com- cording to Alnav 517-46 (NDB. 30 Service Schools, have been sent to
mands in the fleets for duty in the Sept). This does not apply to NROTC most commands. Conies may be ob-
Submarine Force. staffs or t o officers of administrative tained from BuPers (Attn: Pers 4113)
BuPers will consider requests for commands. upon request of COS.
OGTOU€IP 1946 57
. TU€ 8 U l l l T f N 804100

Regulations For Reserve Units Prescribe Ex-Coast Guard Officers

Can Get Commissions in
Drill Under Orders; $10 Is Pay Limit Volunteer Naval Reserve
Rules granting pay to Naval Re- Quarterly pay rolls will be prepared Ex-Coast Guard officers became
servists, officer and enlisted, who at- by the supply officers of each unit, eligible f o r commissions in the Volun-
tend drill periods prescribed for their under direction of the disbursing offi- teer Nrtval Reserve under provisions
units in authorized drill pay status, cer designated by the commandant of of a recent naval Officer Procurement
were summarized in a BuPers-Bu the naval district. The supply officer Directive (No. 27-46).
SandA Joint Ltr. to all ships and sta- of each unit will not make actual dis- Although each case will be decided
tions. The !etter, under date of 2 Au- bursements on his own accountability, on individual merit, former officers
gust, carries BuPers file number but will be required to supervise all probably will be given the same rank
QR/L16-4. necessary work in the computation of in the Naval Reserve that they held
Generally, the law provides that Re- accrued pay and preparation of pay- in the Coast Guard. Only those offi-
servists shall be paid at the rate of rolls. (The BuPers-BuSandA Joint cers who have severed all connection
one-thirtieth of their monthly base Ltr. of 2 August gives full instructions with the Coast Guard o r Coast Guard
pay, an amount not t o exceed $10 for in regard t o disbursing). Reserve are eligible for this prcgram,
attending, under competent orders, Naval Reservists entitled to drill which will allow them t o maintain
regular drills prescribed for their units pay will be paid a t the following rates their interest in the naval service.
by SecNav, or for the performance of for each single drill: General requirements are that the
an equal amount of equivalent instruc- Captain (pay period 6) $10, com- applicant must have honorably served
tion or duty a s may be prescribed by mander (pay period 5) $10, lieutenant as a commissioned officer in the Coast
SecNav. The law authorizes payment commander (pay period 4 ) $9.17, lieu- Guard during World War 11, must be
f o r a maximum of 60 drills per year; tenant (pay period 3) $7.67, chief war- a native born o r naturalized citizen
50 per cent increase for any quarter rant officer $7, lieutenant (jg) (pay between 19 and 40 years old and a
during which the Reservist has had not period 2) $6.67, ensign and warrant college graduate. In addition he must
less than four hours of flight time as a officer (pay period 1 ) $6, CPO $5.50, meet certain physical standards and
pilot; and a corollary that no officer CPQA $5, PO1 $4.50, PO2 $3.83, PO3 submit to interview and investigation
may receive such an increase in $3.33, S1 $3, S2 $2.67, AS $2.50. I t of previous records.
greater amount than that provided in will be noted that $10 is the maximum Spar officers will not be commis-
the case of captains in the Naval Re- allowed compensation for’ each drill sioned under this directive due t o the
serve or colonels in the MarCorps period. undetermined future of the Waves.
Reserve. In computing pay for flight duty,
In addition, officers specifically des- the individual who has performed a t Quota of Commissions
ignated by the Chief of Naval Per- least four hours of flying duty as a Open in Supply Corps
sonnel as CO of a Reserve unit are pilot during the quarter may add 50 A limited quota of commissions as
entitled to draw compensation forxom- per cent t o the amount earned by him ensign in the Supply Corps was opened
mand at the rate of $240 per year, but f o r each authorized drill (but not more to qualified warrant and enlisted per-
such pay will not accrue to any person than $5 for each such drill). sonnel of the regular Navy, active and
during periods when he actually is en- inactive Naval Reserve and t o civilians
titled t o pay f o r active duty or training Active Duty Available with the publication of Alnav 516-46
Regular drills for which pay is au- To CG ReserveAviators (NDB, 30 September),
Coast Guard Reserve aviators who Regular Navy or active Naval Re-
thorized were defined a s drills consist- serve applicants must be graduates of
ing of training in duties pertaining to served during the war are being an accredited college, citizens of the
the Navy as designated by BuPers. polled by individual letter t o determine United States, physically qualified and
Regular drills must be prescribed for those who desire recall to active duty. between 21 and 24% years old. The
the various units; must be performed Peacetime jobs f o r which they are upper age limit, however, is 32% for
under orders; must be designated in needed are patrol duty and search and those with a t least four years continu-
advance for each unit as a whole by its rescue (air-sea rescue). ous active duty immediately prior to
CO; must be of not less than one and To transfer to the regular Coast application. The Alnav also specifie.;
one-half hours duration; must be at- Guard these officers may be required certain documents t o be submitted
tended in uniform; and must be con- to qualify for general line duty. If and interviews t o be conducted. In-
ducted on days other than legal holi- and when they qualify for general line formation governing appointment of
days (but may be conducted Sundays). duty they will be subject t o duty other inactive Naval Reservists and civilians
Units, except aviation units, will con- than aviation. is obtainable a t Offices of Naval Officer
duct not more than one regular drill Procurement.
in any one calendar week. Aviation The Alnav anticipates additional
units may conduct not more than three cluotas for commissions in the regular
regular drills in any one day, not more Navy from time to time, and asks that
than three in any one calendar week, outstanding enlisted men be urged t o
nor more than four in any one month. arm themselves with transcripts of
Appropriate duties were defined as college work, oripinal or photostatic
duties appropriate t o the rank or rat- copies of birth certificate o r naturali-
ing of the individual, consisting of ag- zation papers.
gregate duties of not less than one and
one-half hours per calendar week, Wave POs May Assist
other than active or training duty, as
prescribed by the Reservist’s imme- ln Certain SP Duties
diate CO. Wave petty officers, although they
Equivalent instruction or duty was still cannot be assigned shore patrol
defined a s practical or theoretical in- duties, now may assist the shore pa-
struction, other than group training trol in certain circumstances, accord-
duty, essential to the training of the ing t o Women’s Reserve Circular
individual concerned on a date other Letter No. 1-46.
than that on which a drill has been pre- The letter changes Policies for the
scribed. Periods of such duty shall not Administration of the Women’s Re-
be performed oftener than once in a serve, USNR (NavPers 15,085) so that
calendar week, three times in a calen- “I see, Montgomery, that you read the regu- Wave petty officers are eligible f o r
dar month, or 16 times in any one lations about never pointing a gun at a man duties formerly carried out only by
year. unless you intend to use it,” Women’s Reserve officers.

58 A44 UANVS
. ..., ---,
._-____._ ...-. .. , .. . . . . . .” . .. . . . _ , _ ..

Application Deadline
Lifted for Transfer of
By lifting the deadline on applica- Advantages of consolidating recre- 0 Use of the composite t o pay for
tions for transfer of Reserves to the ation funds of local commands in services and facilities available to all
regular establishment the Navy sought areas where many activities may be hands in the command program of
last month t o ease a dearth of Medical grouped in proximity, particularly the component activities in the area,
and Dental Corps officers. Meanwhile where there exists only one set of such as movies, clubs, athletic fields,
the door was dogged down against all basic recreation facilities, were and the like.
but a selected few temporary USN and pointed out in BuPers Circ. Ltr. 216- 0 Distribution of monthly allow-
Reserve officer applicants as the pro- 46 (NDB, 30 September). The letter ances to the component commands,
gram neared successful completion. made reference t o the basic directive on a proportional basis of remaining
Still free t o apply for transfer to regarding recreation funds, which is balances after the needs of the com-
the regular Navy were law specialists, SecNav Ltr. of 17 Mav INDB. 31 mon program have been met.
officers who had not completed one May; 46-1071).
I .

Allowing COS of the component

year’s commissioned service on 15 Sep- Circ. Ltr. 216 declared it is not the activities t o charge against and/or
tember and officers commissioned sub- intent of the Bureau t o dewive C O S accumulate allowances, with all bills
sequent to 15 September. Time ran of their command prerogatives and to be sent to and all accounts t o be
out on 1 October for Navy Nurse responsibilties in regard t o welfare settled by the composite local recrea-
Corps reserve officers who wished t o and recreation, and pointed out that tion fund staff.
apply for transfer. Latest revision of nothing in the referenced SecNav Where necessary, Circ. Ltr. 216
the deadline came in Alnav 497-46
(NDB, 15 September). letter prohibits their maintaining also authorized cash transfers of rec-
COS were instructed by Alnav 468- separate recreation funds. reation funds, but recipients of such
46 (NDB, 31 August) to effect ap- However, certain practical advan- transfers must maintain a local rec-
pointments of transferring officers tages do accrue when one composite reation fund, in accordance with the
without delay or inform BuPers of local recreation fund is maintained SecNav letter. This procedure may
reasons for withholding them. Failure where there are several commands in be necessary in the case of certain
to accept an appointment within four proximity, or under a common ad- types of commands, such as fleet
months after date of its publication in ministrative o r military commander. aviation units and submarine u n h
the Navy Dept. Bulletins, the Alnav 0 With consolidation of ship’s ser- based on shore, which may receive
added, would be tantamount to declin- vice facilities, there will be one such transfers from the shore ac-
ing. Those transferring retain accrued source of income for all activities af- tivity upon which based. It is con-
leave and, if otherwise eligible, mus- fected by the consolidation. sidered equitable, in case such units
tering out pay benefits. 0 A centralized agency controlling have not been maintaining their own
An excessive number of incomplete the overall welfare and recreation recreation funds while based ashore
and incorrect acceptance and oath of for a group of activities may be ex- or afloat, for the CO or commander
office forms is a cause for concern by pected to result in smaller personnel of the shin, station o r base maintain-
RuPers. Instructions for execution of requirements; more competent audit- ing the composite fund t o transfer to
ing involving fewer officers; prow- the CO of such departing unit his
~ ~

these forms are give in BuPers Cir.

Ltr. 123-46 (NDB, 31 May). sion for a more coordinated and equity in the local recreation fund
Officers who applied for transfer to efficient development of combined fa- upon departure of his command from
the regular Navy prior to 10 July will cilities and program; more efficient the ship, station o r base. Such trans-
be retained on active duty while the procurement and consequently better fers are authorized.
request is pending. If notified of re- value received for the money avail- Under authority of the referenced
jection, however, they are to be proc- able for welfare and recreation; SecNav letter, Circ. Ltr. 216 per-
essed promptly for release from active greater continuity of supervsion mitted cognizant commanders, who
duty. (Alnav 499-46; NDB, 15 Sep- from the staff of the permanent are authorized to establish and ad-
tember). shore establishment. minister command recreation funds,
Due to the fact that transferring Where composite local recreation to make determination in accordance
officers have reported non-receipt of funds for all activities in an area with existing policy and directives in
mustering out pay, BuSandA has au- are maintained, it is considered that individual problems or cases arising.
thorized all naval activities t o make the best interests of the component When such determination does not
the payments without reference to the commands can be served (under pro- appear to be covered bv existing di-
visions of the SecNav letter) by: rectives, i t should be referred to Bu-
field branch. Local disbursing officers, Pers with appropriate recommenda-
0 Representation of all commands
upon authorization by the commanding tion.
officer, will make the payments t o of- on the recreation council.
ficers released and appointed in the
regular Navy after 1 Feb 1945. (Nav- ing corps 272, chaplain corps 145, den- date that each .of the revised volumes
Act 64-46; NDB, 31 August.) tal corps 150, chief boatswain 294, would become effective.
On 1 0 September 11,784 candidates chief torpedoman 35, chief gunner 142, Volume 2, Supply Ashore, which be-
had been selected for permanent com- chief radio electrician 256, chief elec- came effective l October, was the last
miswons. Approximately 5,000 appli- trician 136, chief machinist 408, chief volume issued. Volume 1, Introduction
cations remained unprocessed. carpenter 155, chief pharmacist 138, and Index; Volume 5, Disbursing;
Here is the breakdown by corps of chief ship’s clerk 162, chief aero- Volume 6, Accounting Ashore; Volume
officers already chosen: line 3,488, line grapher 27, chief photographer 57, 7, Accounting Classifications, and
aviation 3,345, aerological engineering chief pay clerk 151, boatswain 38, gun- Navy Travel Instructions became ef-
12, aeronautical engineering 90, chem- ner 9, torpedoman 1, electrician 14, fective 1 September. Volume 3, Sup-
ical engineering 8, diesel engineering radio electrician 20, machinist 18, car- ply Afloat, was placed into effect the
24, electrical engineering 24, electronic penter 8, ship’s clerk 12, pay clerk 7, same date except for Afloat Account-
engineering 129, industrial and man- aerographer 1, photographer 2. ing Instructions which were modified
agement 16, law specialist 116, mech- by earlier directives. Volume 4, Com-
anical engineering 94, metallurgical BuSandA Distributes missary, Clothing and Small Stores,
engineering, 5, naval architecture 96, Ship’s Store, was effective 1 October.
naval communications 54, naval intelli- New Revised Manuals A new publication entitled “Regula-
gence 28, ordnance 24, photography 5, Ships and stations have been sent tions for Ship’s Without Supply Offi-
petroleum engineering 6, psychology 1, copies of the revised Bureau of Sup- cers” is now being distributed to ships
public information 31, hydrographer plies and Accounts Manual and Navy operating indirectly under the general
2, medical corps 329, hospital corps Travel Instructions. Alnav 478-46 supply system. This publication will
158, supply corps 1,041, civil engineer- (NDB, 31 August) announced the become effective 1 November.
OCTOBER 1946 59
Certain Rates Eligible Transferees lacking
For ReleaseRegardless College Education to
Of Enlistment Expiration Get Extra Instruction
Under a plan designed to equalize
In a move to reduce its personnel the academic background of all regu-
strength, the Navy last month offered lar Navy officers, transferees who have
a n opportunity for immediate dis- not had more than two years’ college
charge t o many Regulars having con- level education are being sent f o r ad-
siderable time remaining on their en- ditional schooling to institutions par-
listments. ticipating in the NROTC program.
The step was taken as a result of This additional education program
budget limitations, which made neces- will give transferees an academic edu-
sary an immediate reduction in naval cation equal to that of their Naval
personnel. In meeting the problem, the Academy contemporaries, who devote
Navy sought t o decrease excesses in five semesters t o academic subjects
certain rating groups. during their four-year course. Officers
Alnav 512-46 (NDB, 15 September) who never have attended college will
authorized and directed all COS t o I I be ordered t o duty under instruction
transfer for discharge, during Septem- Skywriters, NAS Miami for five semesters, o r its equivalent,
ber only, certain regular Navy enlisted “We’ve had eight new sharpshooters since while those who have had some college
personnel, including USN ( SV) , regard- the sergeant’s picture was painted on the training will be sent for) periods suffi-
less of the dates of expiration of their target.” cint. t o give them the five-semester
enlistments. m1n 1mum .
All men who were inducted into the The program began with a group of
Navy and later voluntarily enlisted in first and second; ACMM; ARM, chief, about 700 officers last month, and ad-
the USN(SV) category, and who were first and second; ACM; AOM, chief ditional groups will be ordered a t the
serving in that classification, were and first: ACOMT: CAR: CPR: TMV. beginning of subsequent semesters.
eligible. Exceptions were ETMs, chief, first, second and third; CMUS; Officers need not request this educa-
AETMs, students undergoing training CCS; S, first and second; CMM; tion, since all eligible will be ordered
in radio material schools, and hoapital CMOMM; CEM; CWT; CB; BGM, as soon a s they can be made available.
corps personnel. chief. first. second and third: ST. It is anticipated that the schedule will
Men in certain ratings serving in chief; first; second and third: CK; not be completed until about 1952.
regular Navy six-year first enlist- chief and first; STM, first and second. The required course of study will in-
ments, who had completed four o r However, COS were authorized t o clude :
more years active service in these en- withhold authority for release in cases
of personnel in the above rates who 0 Mathematics through solid geome-
listments, also were eligible. In ful- t r y and trigonometry
filling the four-year service require- were engaged in instruction, mainte-
ment, prior Naval Reserve service, nance, o r operation of electronic equip- A year’s course in freshman col-
active or inactive, could not be counted. ment. lege physics.
The Alnav stated that the transfers Proficiency in written and oral use
must be made prior t o 1 October, and Travel Rules Tightened I
of the English language.
would be effected only on request of 0 Other courses in the number re-
the individual concerned. After per- To Meet Appropriations quired to fill out a normal undergradu-
sonnel were transferred for discharge, The Navy has taken steps t o make ate study load (as approved by the
they could not withdraw their re- travel expenses conform t o travel ap- Professor of Naval Science and the
quests. Once discharged, they could propriations, which have been drasti- college officials).
not reenlist under continuous service. cally cut. “Unless,” says Alnav 486-
However, men discharged und-r the 46 (NDB, 31 August), “immediate
Alnav could apply at a recrviting sta- steps t o reduce trave! are taken . . . QUIZ ANSWERS
tion for reenlistment after 90 days in it will be necessary t o impose allot-
such ratings a s may be open t o men ments.” (Answers to quiz on P. 41)
with broken service. Commands issuing and commands
The men transferred for discharge requesting travel orders are instructed Driver Information Test No. 1 Answer
would be grantod terminal leave due to make certain the travel involved is
them prior to discharge, according t o 1. c 6. C 11. B
so urgent and important that no other 2. B 7. A 12. B
the Alnav. The discharges will be for means will suffice. Banned is travel
convenience of the government. 3. D 8. D 13. A
t o conventions and group meetings, 4. c 9. A 14. B
Although they may have met all except under peculiarly urgent condi-
other requirements, men in the follow- 5. B 10. D 15. D
tions. Only in exceptional cases and
ing categories were not eligible: in a after thorough investigation are tem- CORRECT Here’s How You Compare
disciplinary o r probabtionary status, porary additional duty orders t o be ANSWERS With Good Drivers
requiring medical treatment o r sick in authorized, while orders t o repeated
a hospital, retained a s witnesses as 15 Very good
travel must prescribe a definite itin- 13-1 4 Better than average
authorized by Alnav 409-46 (NDB, 31 erary and should specify government
July), and retained by Deputy Coal 11-12 Average (Passing1
Mines Administrator under Alnavs air. Transaortation officers, in fact, 10 or below Fail as a Navy Driver
331-46 and 380-46 (NDB, 30 June and are directed t o take advantage of gov-
15 July). ernment air wherever possible for all
or any part of a journey.
USN men in the following ratings, Later, RuPers ruled in Alnav 514-46 Driver Information Test No. 2 Answers
who had completed four years of a (NDB, 30 September) that outstand- 1 . a , c. 4. b.
six-year first enlistment were eliffi-ble, ing BuPers orders authorizing re- 2.a,e,f,h,i,I. 5.b-J/4 sec. or
provided they met the requirements peated travel will be cancelled effec- 33 feet
given above: tive 15 October, or, in the cases of 3. b, d. 6. d.
BM, chief, first, second and cox- officers traveling on these orders on
swain; BMA, chief, first and second; that date, the orders will be terminated CORRECT Here’s How You Compare
TC, chief and first; GM, chief, first, on the date of return t o duty station. ANSWERS With Good Drivers
second and third; MN, chief. first. S ~ C - RuPers will consider issuing or renew- 14 Very good
ond and third: TM, chief, first, second ing “repeated travel orders” only to 11-13 Better than average
apcl third: CQM; SM, chief, first. sec- officers in certain categories whose du- 10 Average (Passing)
ondandthird; CCM; CM; AP, chief, ties require such orders. 9 or below Fail as a Navy Driver
-.,” -- . . . . . . . . . . . . , - .-

Applications Sought Electronics Jobs Open USNR Nurses May Resign

From line Officers For Ex-Navy Personnel By Reason of Marriage
For Flight Training Discharged naval personnel with ex- Procedures for resignation of mem-
Requests for flight training are de- perience in electronics operation and bers of the Regular Nurse Corps by
sired from commissioned line officers material have a chance for well paying reason of marriage now apply to offi-
of the regular Navy who meet quali- civilian jobs a t the Electronic Control cers of the Reserve Nurse Corps as
fications stated in BuPers Circ. Ltr. Center, NSD, Bayonne, N. J. well. Alnav 515-46 (NDB, 30 Septem-
87-46 (NDB, 15 April). Radar, sonar and radio technicians ber) states that Reserve nurses will
To be eligible for assignment t o may qualify for these positions. Ap- remain on active duty, following sub-
flight training each officer must: plications must be prepared on Civil mission of resignation, until receipt of
0 Hold a permanent commission a s
Service Form 57 and forwarded t o action from BuMed and orders for re-
ensign or above in the line of the Reg- NSD, Bayonne. lease from BuPers.
ular Navy.
0 Be less than 26 years of age, or
31 years of age for engineering duty
only (aeronautical) officers, a t time of VOTING INFORMATION
submitting application.
Have successfully completed a General elections will be held in Novem- Friends may vote and may use the post
minimum of five semesters of under- ber in most states, and information on card (USWBC Form No. 1 or Standard
graduate work, o r its equivalent, a t an such elections. received from the secre- Form No. 7 6 ) a s a n application for a n
accredited college or university. If no taries of states. is listed below. absentee ballot. These applications may
Unless otherwise indicated, members of he obtained from the CO or the voting
degree has been granted, the officer the armed forces, Merchant Marine, officer.
must have been in good academic American Red Cross, U S 0 and Society of
standing upon completion of final se- LAST DAY BALLOT
mester’s work. WILL BE RECEIVED
Be physically qualified and tem- STATE T O B E COUNTED
peramentally adapted for the actual Alabama ( a ) ..... . . . . . .
...... ......... 5 November
control of aircraft. Arizona (b), ( c ) ....... ...... . . . . . . . . . 5 November
Arkansas (c), (d) ...... ...... ......... 5 November
Have a minimum of one year of Colorado ........ ....... . . . . . . ......... 20 November
sea o r foreign duty. Not required for Connecticut . . . . . . ....... ...... ......... 4 Nov ( 6 p.m.)
engineering duty only (aeronautical) Delaware ....... ....... . . . . . . ......... 5 Nov (noon)
Idaho ................................. 4 November
officers. 5 November
Not have been previously sepa- 2 November
rated from any flight-training pro- Louisiana (e) 5 November
Maryland (g) 5 November
gram of the Army or Navy by reason Michigan (g) 5 November
of flight failure. Minnesota . . . . 5 November
Have attained not less than the 5 Nov ( 6 p.m.)
following scores on the flight antitude 5 Nov ( 6 p.m.)
28 November
tests: ACT-C, MCT-C, FAR-C 5 November
minus. New Mexico . . . . . 4 Nov (noon)
Applications must be submitted in New York (j) . . . . 4 Nov (noon)
Ohio ............. 5 Nov (noon)
form specified in enclosure A of Circ. 5 Nov (7 p.m.)
Ltr. 87-46. New call for applicants 30 October
was in NavAct 68-46 (NDB, 30 Sep- ..........
tember). ..........
5 November
Medical Care limited 1 November
5 November
Yo Navy’s Facilities 5 November
5 November
In a recent article (ALL HANDS, 23 November
August 1946, p. 72) methods for sub- 5 November
Wisconsin ( n ) 5 November
mitting various types of claims to 5 Nov (7p.m.)
cognizant naval activities were re- 3’-federal. S-state. L-local.
By error, i t was indicated that en- ( a ) Members of armed forces a r e ex- (i) Ballot must bear postmark not later
empt from poll tax. Members of armed than midnight, 4 Nov 1946.
listed personnel could make claim for forces who are registered voters, members (j) Applications either in form of post-
reimbursement of medical expenses in- of Merchant Marine, and certain attached cards prepared by New York State W a r
curred by their dependents for treat- civilians who a r e registered and who have Ballot Commission or Federal Govern-
paid poll tax, may vote by absentee ballot. ment, or any other writing wherein ser-
ment received from physicians o r (b) County recorders required .to m,ail viceman signs name including home
medical institutions outside of naval ballots to any elector whose reglstratlon address bv street and ’number. ritv. town
jurisdiction. record shows him to be a member of the and county, as well as mili&r$ g&dFesii
This is not true. The applicable armed forces. may be sent to N.P.S.W.B.C., Albany
(c) Onlv members of armed forces or N.Y., or t o board of elections of horn:
portion of the pamphlet, Personiicl Merchant ‘Marine may use absentee ballot. county of residence. Provisions also exist
Affairs of Naval Personnel and Aid ( d ) Letter from qualifled. voter in armed f o r absentee voting by personnel of Mer-
for Their Dependents (NavPers 15,- forces to county clerk deslgnating voter’s chant Marine, American Red Cross, Soci-
choice for o r against any proposal or mea- ety of Friends and USO.
Ol:), reads as follows: sure, of his choice-flrst, second, third-
... there is not law o r regulation for all candidates to be voted on for all
offices, wjll be.counted as a ballot in t h e
(k) Card should be returned to county
or city auditor or clerk of town o r town-
under which the Navy may authorize, ship of county in which absentee voter
pay for, or assume any responsibility preferential primary and the runoff prim- resides.
a r y if acknowledged before a commis-
in connection with medical, dental, or sioned officer and sent 60 days prior to (1) Members of regular forces m a y not
hospital care obtained by o r for de- the election. vote in absence: Reservists may vote and
pendents from civil physicians, den- fe) Onlv members of armed forces may a r e not required to pay poll tax. Ballot
use absentee ballot. must not be received prior to 2 0 days be-
tists, o r other practitioners, in civil (f) Any form of application in accord- fore date of election.
hospitals, clinics, etc., o r in the hos- ance with any related act of Congress, if fm) Members of any organization in t h e
pital or medical facilities o r other signed by the absentee resident, will be field for aid and assistance t o members of
branches of the Government such a s counted. the armed forces mav use post card a n d
(g) Members of armed forces or Mer- vote by absentee ballot.
the Army o r Veterans’ Administration. chant Marine, or a n y nurse or civilian on (n) Members o f the American Red
Only medical and hospital care by and w a r dutv. may nse absfwtee ballot. Cross, Society of Friends a n d TJSO, if out-
within the available facilities of the ( h ) Make written application to county
clerk for a n approved form of apphcatlon side the U S . attached to and serving with
Medical Deptartment of the Navy can f o r absent voter’s ballot if post card form the armed forces or Merchant Marine,
be rendered. is not available. may use absentee ballot.

OCTO8€U 19#6 67
Savings Bond Allotment
Program I s Continued ALNAVS, NAVACTS IN BRIEF
On Permanent Basis This listing is intended to serve only for No. 472-Announces authorization
Financial fitness is necessary to the general information and as an index of cur- to issue stabilized cream to ship and
mental, moral and physical fitness of rent Alnavs and NavActs, not as a basis for station general messes outside CLUSA.
personnel. That was SecNav's state- action. Personnel interested in specific direc- No. 473-Announces increasing pro-
ment a s he directed continuance of the tives should consult Alnav or NavActs files duction of penicillin now allows re-
savings bond allotment and payroll directly for complete details before taking moval of restrictions on its legitimate
savings program on a permanent basis any action. use (see p. 55).
(Alnav 501-46; NDB, 15 September). Alnavs apply to all Navy, Marine Corps No. 474-Requests applications of
By 1 October all commands were to and Coast Guard ships and stations; NavActs regular medical officers prior 1 Oc-
appoint a qualified officer to perma- apply to all Navy ships and stations. to6er for course in submar'ine and div-
nent additional duty a s savings bond ing medicine.
officer. This officer will direct a n effort Alnavs No. 475-Announces line and avia-
to educate and advise personnel in tion officers who voluntarily extended
financial matters and t o encourage their active duty beyond release dates,
them in their own self interest t o No. 456-Eighth in a series listing now may be released immediately a t
save regularly a portion of their pay officers selected for transfer to the their option.
through bond allotments. regular Navy (see p. 59). No. 476-Further details re termi-
Regulations under which bonds may No. 457-Reports provisions of Pub- nal leave (see p. 56).
be purchased by allotment were clari- lic Law 720, providing additional in- No. 477-Tenth in a series listing
fied by BuSandA. Savings bonds may ducements to enlisted personnel in- officers selected for transfer to USN
be obtained at a rate of one bond per tending to make the regular Navy a (see p. 59).
month o r per quarter under one allot- career (see ALL HANDS, September No. 478-Announces distribution of
ment, or two allotments may be made 1946, p. 52). new editions of BuSandA Manual and
for combinations of certain amounts. No. 458-Announces Nurse Corps Travel Instructions (see p. 59).
Bonds are dated the first of the promotions effective 13 August. No. 479-Modifies A 1 n a v 221-46
month during which the last deduc- No. 459-Ninth in a series listing (NDB, 15. May) to permit transfer
tion, completing purchase of bond, is officers selected for transfer to the without reimbursement between Nas y
made. Deductions for allotments are regular Navy (see p. 59). and Coast Guard of undeclared sur-
made twice each month, one-half from No. 460-States policy of BuSandA plus military items.
each pay period. regarding overissues in general messes. No. 480-R e q u e s t s applications
The monthly sum allowed for pur- No. 461-Lists demobilization direc- prior 15 October from certain officers
chase of a bond by a single allotment tives cancelled 1 Septemb9r (see p. for one year course in communica-
may be in one of the amounts given 51). tions.
in the table below : No. 462-Announces cash clothing No. 481-States procedures for
At the allowances authorized for certain per- Navy post offices, in connection with
A Monthly End of Buys Bonds sonnel in 1947 (see p. 55). new air mail postage rates.
Allotment Adds up Worth a t No. 463-States BuPers policy with No. 482-Postpones indefinitely re-
of Mont'hs to Maturity
3' $ 18.75 $ 25.00
regard to release of officers who volun- designation of naval air squadrons,
$ 6.25 teered t o extend their tours of active
12.50 3* 37.50 50.00 directed by SecNav Ltr. serial 203-517,
18.75 1 18.75 25.00 duty. 22 July.
25.00 . 3. 75.00 100.00
37.50 1 37.50 50.00 No. 464-States conditions of Pub- No. 483-Directs full names and
50.00 3* 150.00 200.00 lic Law 478 applying to transfer of service numbers be used in court mar-
75.00 1 75.00 100.00 surplus pfoperty to Secretary of In- tial and deck court specifications.
250.00 33: 375.00
1000.00 terior. No. 484-Directs attention to pre-
No. 465-Second in a series listing cautions in handling boxed safety
"Bond-a-Quarter" purchaser may des- matches.
ignate the flrst month only of a quarter nurses selected for transfer to the
(January. April. July, or October) as the regular Navy. No. 485-Directs destruction of cer-
month for which first payroll deduction is
No. 466-Directs Navy shippers for- tain medical supplies.
to be made. No. 486-Orders curtailment in
ward to BuSandA, Accounts Transpor-
tation Division, code STA, complete, travel (see p. 60).
5,000 Quota for Reserve unreceipted copies form 1103A and 701 No. 487-Eleventh in a series list-
Communications Training of each government and Navy bill of ing officers selected for transfer to
lading covering air cargo by NATS, USN (see p. 59).
Communications training in the No. 488-Orders marks f o r enlisted
Naval Reserve (Organjzed) has been ATC and commercial airlines.
performance of duty be assigned
established with assignment of per- No. 467-Reports provisions of ter- quarterly (see p. 51).
sonnel quotas to the naval districts minal leave bill (see ALL HANDS,Sep- No. 489-Lists new procedures r e
for work in this field. Quotas allow a tember 1946, p. 54). Roster of Officers.
total of 1,000 officers and 4,000 en- No. 468-Directs COS to effect ap- No. 490-States details of new Per-
listed personnel in communications pointments of certain officers trans- sonnel Accounting System (see p. 55).
activities. ferred to the regular Navy (see p. 59). No. 491-Further details re terminal
Officers of warrant grade through No. 469-Announces i n c r e a s e of leave (see p. 56).
the rank of caotain. and in the fol- Presidential appointments t o the Naval No. 492-States procedures for post-
lowing classification8, may take part Academy from 25 to 75 annually, to demobilization discharges (see p. 56).
in the Reserve communications pro- be given to sons of regular servicemen. No. 493-Further details re termi-
gram: SC2, SI, SE, Sa3, SC and com- nal leave (see p. 56).
munication officers of limited general No. 470-Directs COS to insure that
service (CL). acceptance and oath of office forms in No. 494-Further modification of
Eligible ratings are radiomen, spe- the cases of officers transferred to USN Alnav 325-46 (NDB, 30 June) con-
cialists (Q) and (I), yeomen, elec- are correct according t o BuPers Circ cerning accounting procedures.
tronic technician's mates, electrician's Ltr. 123-46 (NDB, 31 May). No. 495-Further instructions r e
mates, machinist's mates, motor ma- No. 4'll-Requests survey prior 26 sale of surplus property.
chinist's mates and photographer's August for planning purposes to de- No. 496-Further instructions re
mates. termine hospital personnel retained on sale of surplus property.
Non-rated men have not been in- active duty by Alnav 424-46 (NDB, 15 No. 497-Exempts from 15 Septem-
cluded in the quotas, but may be as- August) who are formally certified f o r ber deadline for application to trans-
signed to the program so long as the entry in fall term in accredited pre- fer t o regular Navy, stated in Alnav
overall quotas of individual activities medical, medical, pre-dental and dental 416-46 (NDB, 31 July), officers of the
are not exceeded. schools. Medical and Dental Corps (see p. 59).
No. 498-"Well Done," from Sec- cases having BuPers approval; modi- NavActs
Nav, to the men of the Navy on the fies Alnav 404-46 (NDB, 31 July)
occasion of the demobilization wind- (see p. 53). No. 61-Statqs Reserve and tempo-
up (see p. 51). No. 509-BuMed directs survey to rary officers accepted for transfer are
No. 499-Provides that officers who determine numbers of personnel who eligible for accumulated leave.
submitted application for transfer to have had routine Roentgenographic o r No. 62-R e q u e s t s applications
USN prior 10 July will be retained on photofluorographic examinations of the (since closed) for 100 officers to train
active duty while request pends (see chest in the past year (see p. 56). in radiologicaL safety engineering.
p. 59). No. 510-Thirteenth in a series list- No. 63-Requests dispatch applica-
No. 500-Further details r e ter- ing officers selected f o r transfer to the tions f o r class convening 21 October;
minal leave (see p. 56). regular Marine Corps. indoctrination in duty in offices of the
No. 501 - Directs continuance of No. 511-Thirteenth in a series list- material division, Assistant Secretary
Savings Bond allotment and payroll ing officers selected f o r transfer to the o € the Navy.
savings programs (see p. 62). regular Navy (see p. 59). No. 64 -Advise officers transfer-
No. 502-Additional surplus prop- No. 512-Announces policy for re- ring t 0 . u ~ to ~report non-receipt of
erty direction. lease during September of certain USN nmstering out payment, if entitled ac-
No. 503-Revises physical standards enlisted men (see p. 60). cordance Alnavs 360-45 (NDB, 31
f o r appointment of enlisted men to No. 513-States certain information October 1945) and 435-45 (NDB, 15
warrant o r commissioned rank, and of to be reported prior 10 October by dis- August).
warrant officers to higher rank (see bursing officers carrying military pay No. 65-Establishes enlistment pel-
p. 55). accounts under anpropriation PSNP. iods a s four and six years, with ex-
No. 504-Provides new basis for No. 514-Announces termination on ception of minority cruises (see
award of combat distinguishing device 15 October of BnPers reneated travel p. 53).
t o be worn on Bronze Star and Legion orders (see p. 60). No. 66 -Announces courses avail-
of Merit ribbons (see p. 55). No. 515-Revises rules regarding able a t Gunnery Officers Ordnance
No. 505-Third in a series listing release of nurses for reason of mar- School, Washington, D. C:, for tempo-
nurses selected for transfer to the riage (see p. 61). rary warrant and commissioned offi-
regular Navy. No. 516 - Announces appointments cers who have requested transfer to
No. 506-Twelfth in a series listing as ensign in the Supply Corps op-n t o permanent TJSN warrant status as
offcers selected for transfer to the warrant and enlisted personnel of the gunner or chief gunner (see p. 57).
regular Navy (see p. 59). regular Navy o r Naval Reserve (see
No. 507-Directs that Supply Corps p. 58). No. 67-Directed commands which
officers must not be assigned duty in No. 517- Authorizes male officers have released officers in accordance
ship service activities without official under instruction a t civilian institu- with Alnav 475-46 (NDB, 31 August)
BuPers orders. tions to wear civilian clothing (see p. t o submit meed letter reports by air
No. 508 - Rules that retired and 57). mail to BuPers (Attn: Pers 3105) on
Naval Reserve personnel on inactive No. 518 -Authorizes Waves and 8 September, giving name, rank, clas-
duty, and their dependents, not author- nurses to wear civilian clothing on off- sification, file number and date of re-
ized to travel via NATS, except in station liberty and leave (see p. 57), lease orders.


OCTOB€#€ 1996 63
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QUESTION: W h a t w a s your reaction t o the Atom
(Interviews were conducted among personnel w h o witnessed the Bikini tests.) With approval o f the Bureau of
the Budget, this magazine i s pub-
Joseph Strock, Jr., PHMI, Los Ange- Neil Nelson, BM2, Cambridge, Mass.:
les: I have seen and heard many I had a very good view of the tests lished monthly in Washington, D. C.,
l a r g e explosions f r o m the star- by the Bureau of Naval Personnel for
but I have never board deck of the the information and interest o f the
before witnessed “Apple,” b u t I naval service as a whole. Opinions
an explosion that was a little dis- expressed are not necessarily those
caused a column appointed in the
of w a t e r thou- results. I had ex- of the Navy Department. Reference
sands of feet in pected much more t o regulations, orders and directives
helght. That’s one damage t o t h e i s for information only and does not
of the reasons I ships in the tar- by publication herein constitute au-
w a s v e r y en- get array. It was
thusiastic about a good show thority for action. All original ma-
seeing the tests. thouxh, and the terial may be reprinted as desired.
I t was a show colors of the ex- Original articles of general interest
t h a t surpassed dosions were al- may be forwarded to the Editor.
anything else in history, and though most pretty. The Atomic Bomb cer-
I missed the first act on Able Day, tain!y beats any other weapons I’ve DATES used throughout are local time at scene
of action unless otherwise indicated.
Baker Day found me topside, stram- ever seen. SECURITY Since this magazine i s not classified,
ing my eyes t o witness the detona- John Hughes, CMM, Pittsburgh, Pa.: it sometimes i s limited in its reporting and publi-
tion. The tests at Bikini were just what cation of photographs. I t therefore cannot always
fully record achievements of units or individuals,
Robert Young, GM3, Melvin, Iowa: I exDected, and I and may be obliged to omit mention of accom-
My first reaction to the Atomic plishments even more noteworthy than those in-
B o m b t e s t on cluded.
REFERENCES made to issues of ALL HANDS
prior to the June 1945 issue apply to this maga-
zine under i t s former name, The Bureau of Naval
Personnel Information Bulletin. The letters “NDB.”
used as a reference, indicate the official Navy
Atomic Bomb Department Bulletin.
DISTRIBUTION: By BuPerr Circ. Ltr. 162-
43 (NDB., cum. ed., 31 Dec., 43-1362) t h e
Bureau directed t h a t appropriate steps b e
taken t o insure t h a t all hands have quick
and convenient access t o this magazine, and
indicated t h a t distribution should be
to use it against military targets, effected o n t h e basis o f one copy f o r each
else could stand it, but it’d be difficult to keep it from IO officers and enlisted personnel to accom-
I could too. The Atomic Bomb is killing a lot of civilians a t the same plish t h e directive.
certainly a terrible weapon and it time. I n most instances the circulation of the maga-
beats anything I’ve ever heard. zine has been es&blished in accordance with
Jim Fitzpatrick, RM2, San Pedro, complement and on-board count statistics in the
Joe E. Sealy, S1, Gail, Texas: Well, Calif.: To me it was a marvelous Bureau, on the basis of one copy for each 10
officers and enlisted personnel. Because intra-
I figured it was a pretty good oppor- s h o w , a n d al- activity shifts affect the Bureau’s statisticc, and
-tunity-of s e d i g a though it takes a because organization of some activities may re-
quire more copies than normally indfcated to
really good show. c o r respondent’s effect thorough distribution to all hands, the
I was a l i t t l e imagination to Bureau invites requests for additional copiec as
nervous d u r i n g describe a 1 1 t h e necessary t o c m p l y with the basic directive.
This magazine i s intended for all hands and com-
the first test, es- fireworks we saw, manding officers should take necessary steps to
pecially when the I e n j o y e d the make it available accordingly.
bombardier yelled whole thing very The Bureau should be kept informed of changes
“bomb away,” much, and would- in the numbers of copies required: requests re-
ceived by the 20th of the month can be effected
and it came over n’t h a v e missed with the succeeding issue.
the ship’s P. A. o u t seeing t h e The Bureau should also be advised i f the full
system. B y t h e Atomic Bomb do number of copies i s not received regularly.
time Baker Day its stuff, I still Normally copies for Navy activities are dis-
tributed Lnly to those on the Standard Navy
rolled around. I think thev should Distribution List in the expectation that such ac-
thought I knew have called it “Jerry” instead of tivities will make further distribution as neces-
just about what to expect, but that “Gilda.” Jerry’s my girl, and the sary; where special circumstances warrant sendinq
A-Bomb has nothing on her! direct to sub-activities, the Bureau should be
one was a lot different than the first. informed.
l e w i s Bays, Y2, Greenup, Ky.: The Distribution to Marine Corps personnel i s effect-
Farrell 0. Adams, F2, Tuscaloosa, ed by the Commandant U. s. Marine Corps.
Ala.: I thought it was a good show, atomic explosions at Bikini were Requests from Marine Cdrps activities should be
and something t o something t h a t addressed to the Commandant.
tell your grand- can never be de- PERSONAL COPIES: This magazine i s f o r
children ’ a b o u t. scribed or for- sale b y Superintendent o f Documents, U. S.
When do I expect gotten. Due how- Government Printing Office, Washington 25,
to b e c o m e a ever, to our dis- D. C.: 20 cents per copy: subscription price
gr a n d f a t h e r ? tance f r o m the $2.00 a year, domestic (including FPO and
Well, not for a blasts, and my APO addresses f o r overseas mail); $2.75,
while yet. No kid- expectations o f foreign. Remittances should b e made d i r e c t
ding though, I the results, to me to t h e Superintendent of Documents. Sub-
was a little nerv- the tests w e r e scriptions are accepted f o r one year only.
ous b e f o r e the slightly d i s a p-
f i r s t A - Bomb pointing. I think AT RIGHT: Three sailors o n sight-
went off, but now the bomb is a seeing tour view war-ravaged ruins
that I’ve seen two very potent wea- of Santa Augustine Cathedral with-
of them I’d like to stay around for pon however, and should remain in in t h e W a l l e d City of Manila, P.
the third test next year. our hands a s a military secret.

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