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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
LEMBARAN PENGESAHAN JURUSAN
LEMBARAN ASISTENSI
DAFTAR NILAI KERJA PRAKTEK
LEMBAR PERNYATAAN
KATA PENGANTAR .......................................................................................... i
DAFTAR ISI ......................................................................................................... ii
DAFTAR TABEL ................................................................................................ iv
DAFTAR GAMBAR ............................................................................................ v
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ......................................................................................... vi

BAB I PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................ 1


1.1 Pengertian Kerja Praktek .............................................................. 1
1.2 Tujuan Kerja Praktek .................................................................... 1
1.3 Manfaat Kerja Praktek .................................................................. 1
1.4 Ruang Lingkup Kerja Praktek ...................................................... 2
1.5 Sistematika Penulisan ................................................................... 2

BAB II GAMBARAN UMUM PERUSAHAAN ............................................. 4


2.1 Sejarah Ringkas P.T. Pupuk Iskandar Muda ................................. 4
2.2 Lokasi dan Area Pabrik P.T Pupuk Iskandar Muda ...................... 4
2.3 Pabrik dan Sarana Pendukung....................................................... 5
2.3.1 Pabrik Utilitas ...................................................................... 5
2.3.2 Pabrik Ammonia................................................................... 6
2.3.3 Pabrik Urea .......................................................................... 7
2.3.4 Pabrik PIMIT ....................................................................... 7
2.4 Unit Penunjang Produksi .............................................................. 8
2.5 Pencegahan Pencemaran ............................................................... 8
2.6 Struktur Organisasi P.T. Pupuk Iskandar Muda............................ 8
2.7 Unit Utilitas ................................................................................... 10
2.7.1 Unit Water Intake ................................................................ 11
2.7.2 Unit Pembangkitan Uap ....................................................... 16
2.7.3 Unit Pembangkitan Listrik................................................... 17
2.7.4 Unit Udara Instrument dan Udara Pabrik ............................ 17
2.7.5 Unit Pemisahan Udara (ASP) .............................................. 18
2.7.6 Unit Pemisahan Gas ............................................................. 18
2.7.7 Unit Pengolahan Air Buangan ............................................. 19
2.8 Unit Ammonia ............................................................................... 19
2.8.1 Unit Persiapan Gas Umpan Baku (Feed Treatment) ........... 20
2.8.2 Sistem Pembuatan Gas Sintesa (Reforming) ....................... 22
2.8.3 Tahap Pemurnian Gas Sintesis (Syn Gas Purification) ....... 24
2.8.4 Unit Sintesa Ammonia (Ammonia Synthetis Loop).............. 26
2.8.5 Unit Pendinginan Ammonia ................................................. 26
2.8.6 Unit Daur Ulang Ammonia .................................................. 27
2.8.7 Unit Daur Ulang Hidrogen .................................................. 28
2.8.8 Unit Pembangkit Steam ....................................................... 29

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2.9 Unit Urea ....................................................................................... 30
2.9.1 Sifat Urea ............................................................................. 31
2.9.2 Bahan Baku Pembuatan Urea .............................................. 32
2.9.3 Proses Pembuatan Urea ....................................................... 32
2.9.4 Unit Sintesa.......................................................................... 37
2.9.5 Unit Purifikasi (Dekomposisi) ............................................. 40
2.9.6 Unit Recovery ...................................................................... 41
2.9.7 Unit Kristalisasi dan Pembutiran ......................................... 42
2.10 Unit PIMIT .................................................................................... 43
2.10.1 Proses Pembuatan Absorbend PIMIT ................................ 43
2.10.2 Instrument Pada Unit PIMIT .............................................. 44

BAB III TUGAS KHUSUS ................................................................................. 47


3.1 Pendahuluan .................................................................................. 47
3.1.1 Latar Belakang..................................................................... 48
3.1.2 Rumusan Masalah ............................................................... 48
3.1.3 Tujuan Penelitian ................................................................. 49
3.1.4 Manfaat Penelitian ............................................................... 50
3.1.5 Batasan Masalah .................................................................. 50
3.1.6 Asumsi ................................................................................. 50
3.2 Landasan Teori .............................................................................. 50
3.2.1 Definisi Peramalan (Forcasting) ......................................... 50
3.2.2 Peran dan Kegunaan Peramalan .......................................... 51
3.2.3 Jenis-Jenis Peramalan .......................................................... 53
3.2.4 Pola-Pola Data ..................................................................... 56
3.2.5 Metode-Metode Peramalan .................................................. 59
3.2.6 Uji Kesalahan Peramalan ..................................................... 63
3.2.7 Moving Range Test .............................................................. 65
3.3 Metodologi Penelitian ................................................................... 66
3.3.1 Data dan Sumber Data ......................................................... 66
3.3.2 Data Penggunaan Alum Sulfat (Al2(SO4)3) ......................... 67
3.3.3 Plotting Data ........................................................................ 67
3.3.4 Pengolahan Data .................................................................. 68
3.4 Pengolahan Data............................................................................ 68
3.4.1 Metode yang Digunakan...................................................... 68
3.4.1.1 Metode Linier Regression (LR)............................... 68
3.4.1.2 Metode Single Exponential Smoothing (SES) ......... 70
3.4.1.3 Metode Double Exponential Smoothing (DES) ...... 71
3.4.2 Uji Kesalahan Peramalan .................................................... 73
3.4.2.1 Mean Square Error (MSE)...................................... 73
3.4.2.2 Standard Deviation Error (SDE) ............................ 75
3.4.2.3 Mean Absolut Percentage Error (MAPE) ............... 77
3.4.3 Peramalan dengan Menggunakan Software WinQSB ......... 79
3.4.3.1 Metode Linier Regresion (LR) ................................ 79
3.4.3.2 Single Exponential Smoothing (SES) ...................... 79
3.4.3.3 Metode Double Exponential Smoothing (DES) ...... 80
3.4.4 Pemilihan Metode Peramalan Terbaik ................................ 80
3.4.5 Analisa Hasil Peramalan dan Uji Kesalahan Peramalan Data
Realisasi Penggunaan Alum Sulfat (Al2(SO4)3) .................. 81

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3.4.6 Uji Validasi (Moving Range Test) ...................................... 82
3.4.7 Analisis Moving Range Test (MRt) .................................... 83
3.4.8 Peramalan Alum Sulfat (Al2(SO4)3) ................................... 84

BAB IV PENUTUP ............................................................................................. 86


4.1 Kesimpulan ...................................................................................... 86
4.2 Saran ................................................................................................ 86

DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel Halaman
2.1 Karakterstik Air Demin ............................................................................... 16
2.2 Karakteristik Udara Pabrik.......................................................................... 18
2.3 Sifat Fisika Urea .......................................................................................... 31
2.4 Perbandingan Beberapa Proses Pembuatan Urea Skala Komersial ............ 32
3.1 Total Data Penggunaan Alum Sulfat Pada PIM-1 dan PIM-2 .................... 67
3.2 Data Total Penggunaan Alum Sulfat .......................................................... 69
33 Mencari Nilai a dan b .................................................................................. 69
3.4 Data Total Penggunaan Alum Sulfat .......................................................... 70
3.5 Data Peramalan Metode Single Exponential Smoothing (SES) .................. 71
3.6 Data Aktual Peramalan Metode Double Exponential Smoothing (DES) .... 71
3.7 Perhitungan peramalan Metode Double Exponential Smoothing (DES) .... 73
3.8 Hasil Perhitungan MSE Metode Linier Regression (LR) ........................... 74
3.9 Hasil Perhitungan MSE Metode Single Exponential Smoothing (SES) ..... 74
3.10 Hasil Perhitungan MSE Metode Double Exponential Smoothing (DES) ... 75
3.11 Hasil Perhitungan SDE Metode Linier Regression (LR) ............................ 75
3.12 Hasil Perhitungan SDE Metode Single Exponential Smoothing (SES) ...... 76
3.13 Hasil Perhitungan SDE Metode Double Exponential Smoothing (DES) .... 77
3.14 Hasil Perhitungan MAPE Metode Linier Regression (LR) ........................ 77
3.15 Hasil Perhitungan MAPE Metode Single Exponential Smoothing (SES)... 78
3.16 Hasil Perhitungan MAPE Metode Double Exponential Smoothing (DES) 78
3.17 Metode Peramalan ....................................................................................... 81
3.18 Uji Validasi (Moving Range Test)............................................................... 82
3.19 Nilai Batas dan Nilai Region 5 Periode ...................................................... 83
3.20 Hasil Peramalan Menggunakan Metode Linier Regression (LR) ............... 85

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar Halaman
2.1 Keterkaitan Unit Utilitas dengan Pabrik Ammonia dan Urea ..................... 10
2.2 Blog Diagram Water Treatment .................................................................. 12
2.3 DCS Oured Gas dan Condenstate Recovery Unit....................................... 28
2.4 Diagram Proses Pembuatan Urea ................................................................ 32
2.5 Snamprogetti Thermal Stripping Process ................................................... 34
2.6 Diagram Alir Stamicarbon CO2 Stripping Process .................................... 35
2.7 Seksi Sintesa Stamicarbon Setelah Penambahan Pool Condenser ............. 35
2.8 Diagram Alir Proses ACES......................................................................... 36
2.9 Diagram Alir Seksi Sintesa Urea ................................................................ 39
2.10 Diagram Alir Purifikasi ............................................................................... 41
2.11 Diagram Alir Seksi Recovery, Kristalisasi dan Pembutiran........................ 43
3.1 Pola Data Horizontal ................................................................................... 56
3.2 Pola Data Musiman ..................................................................................... 57
3.3 Pola Data Siklis ........................................................................................... 58
3.4 Pola Data Trand .......................................................................................... 58
3.5 Pola Data Random....................................................................................... 59
3.6 Grafik Penggunaan Alum Sulfat pada PIM-1 dan PIM-2 ........................... 68
3.7 Peramalan Metode Linier Regression (LR) dengan Software WinQSB ..... 79
3.8 Peramalan Metode SIngle Exponential Smoothing (SES) dengan Software
WinQSB ...................................................................................................... 80
3.9 Peramalan Metode Double Exponential Smoothing (DES) dengan Softwere
WinQSB ...................................................................................................... 80
3.10 Grafik Nilai Batas dan Nilai Region 5 Periode ........................................... 84

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