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USN 14PHDEC003

Ph.D./M.Sc. (Engg.) by Research Degree Examination, September 2015


Communication Systems

Time: 3 hrs. Max. Marks:100


Note: Answer any FIVE full questions.

1 a. Discuss the basic characteristics of micro-strip antennas. Describe the feeding methods
currently employed. (05 Marks)
b. Design a rectangular microstrip antenna using a substrate (RT/duriod 5880) with dielectric
constant of 2.2, h = 0.1588 cms so as to resonate at 10 GHz. Draw a figure and indicate the
designed values. (05 Marks)
c. For a circular patch antenna, discuss the conductance and directivity parameters obtained.
(05 Marks)
d. With a figure, explain the radiation characteristics of Yagi Uda linear antenna. (05 Marks)

2
2 a. Prove analytically for an endfire array antenna BWFN  2 . (05 Marks)
Nd
b. Define mutual impedance as applicable to antennas. Obtain mutual impedance between two
resonant collinear dipoles. (08 Marks)
c. For a 10 element binomial array with a spacing of /2 between elements and having non-
uniform excitation determine in dB. Draw array factor power pattern. (07 Marks)

3 a. Differentiate between axial mode and broadside mode operation of helical antenna. Compute
the values of HPBW and directivity of a helix having circumference of 25 cm, number of
turns = 20, and spacing between turns = 1 cm at an operating frequency of 3 GHz. (06 Marks)
b. Discuss the features and design criteria of planar spiral antenna. (07 Marks)
c. List the design steps for a log periodic antenna. (07 Marks)

4 a. Discuss the commonly used rectangular aperture positions and their effect on radiation
characteristics. (10 Marks)
b. Explain how a parabolic reflector usage improves radiation characteristics. (06 Marks)
c. A spherical reflector has a 10 feet diameter. If at 11.2 GHz. The maximum allowable phase
error is /16, find the maximum permissible aperture. (04 Marks)

5 a. Determine the current distribution and the approx radiation pattern of a line source placed
along the z – axis whose desired radiation pattern is symmetrical about :
1  4    3 4
SF()  
0 elsewhere
Plot current distribution for l = 5, l = 10 . (10 Marks)
b. Describe Schelkunoff polynomial method for array synthesis. (10 Marks)

6 a. Explain analytically coherent binary FSK technique. Draw block diagram depicting FSK
transmitter and receiver and explain the working of each block. (06 Marks)
b. Derive expression for power spectral density of a digital modulate signal with memory.
(10 Marks)
c. Define dimensionality theorem that defines the number of dimensions of the space of a
signal x(t). (04 Marks)
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7 a. Derive and discuss the error probability equation assuming orthogonal signaling with non –
coherent detection. (10 Marks)
b. Given for a (3, 1, 2) convolution, code, g0= [1 0 0], g1 = [1 0 1], g2 = [1 1 1]. Draw encoder
circuit. Find G matrix vector for u = 101110 from G matrix. If received vector is
R = [001, 110, 101, 110, 110, 010, 001, 100], obtain an estimate of the message vector,
using viterbi decoding. Find code-length, constraint length, dfree. (10 Marks)

8 a. Explain the feedback decoding for a rate convolution code (3, 1, 2) with g 0 = [1 0 0],
g1 = [1 0 1] and g2 = [1 1 1]. Assume received sequence = [101, 111, 111, 010]. (10 Marks)
b. Desirable turbo-codes. A (3, 1, 27) RSC encoder is represented by g1(D) = 1 + D2 + D3 + D4
and g2(D) = 1 + D2 + D3 +D4. Draw encoder bock diagram. (10 Marks)

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