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ATA 22: AUTO FLIGHT SYSTEM

AUTO FLIGHT SYSTEM (AFS)


SENSORS
INERTIAL A/C POSITION ELECTRICAL SIDESTICKS
SYSTEMS, COMPUTATION FLIGHT
RADIO NAV CONTROL
SYSTEMS, ORDERS SYSTEM
... (EFCS)
FLIGHT PLAN

FULL AUTHORITY
DIGITAL ENGINE
CONTROL
(FADEC)

THRUST LEVERS

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ATA 22: AUTO FLIGHT SYSTEM

COMPONENTS FIN CSN LOCATION PAGE A KDXER? KDX CODE

127, RACK
Flight Augmentation 83VU (FAC1)
1CC1, 1CC2 22-67-08-02 6
Computers (FACs) 128, RACK
84VU (FAC2)

127, RACK
83VU
Flight Management and
AUTO FLIGHT SYSTEM COMPONENTS

(FMGC1)
Guidance Computers 1CA1, 1CA2 22-84-08-02 7
128, RACK
(FMGCs)
84VU
(FMGC2)

211, PANEL
Flight Control Unit (FCU) 2CA 22-84-01-01 8
13VU

Multipurpose Control and 211, PANEL


3CA1, 3CA2 22-84-08-01 9
Display Units (MCDUs) 11VU

(12CC1),
FAC Pushbutton Switches 12CC1, 12CC2 22-67-08-01 24VU 10
(12CC2)

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ATA 22: AUTO FLIGHT SYSTEM

THERE IS NO DIFFERENCE

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ATA 22: AUTO FLIGHT SYSTEM

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ATA 22: AUTO FLIGHT SYSTEM

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ATA 22: AUTO FLIGHT SYSTEM

FLIGHT AUGMENTATION COMPUTERS (FACs)

IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 1CC1, 1CC2

LOCATION
ZONE: 127, RACK 83VU (FAC1)
128, RACK 84VU (FAC2)

COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
The Flight Augmentation Computer (FAC) is an 8MCU
size case in conformity with ARINC specification 600.
The FAC is of modular design.
The computer design is based on digital and analog
technologies.
Some boards in the computer are equipped with a
memory module, On Board Replaceable Memory
(OBRM). Access to these modules is from the front
face REMARKS:
of the unit.
The computer is divided into three parts:
- Two virtually identical channels, the COMMAND
channel and the MONITOR channel.
- One independent channel which performs the Fault
Isolation and Detection System (FIDS) functions.
The COMMAND channel receives analog data,
ARINC sensor data and discrete signals in order to
compute the control laws. It then generates the flight
commands used to drive the corresponding servo
actuators.
The interfaces between the computer and the
actuators, as well as the position feedbacks, are of the
analog type.
Similarly, the MONITOR channel receives the sensor
data required to compute the control laws.

REMARKS:

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ATA 22: AUTO FLIGHT SYSTEM

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT AND GUIDANCE


COMPUTERS (FMGCs)

IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 1CA1, 1CA2

LOCATION
ZONE: 127, RACK 83VU (FMGC1)
128, RACK 84VU (FMGC2)

COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
The Flight Management and Guidance Computer
(FMGC) is a digital computer of 8MCU size in
conformity with ARINC specification 600.
It is to be noted that some boards in the computer are
equipped with a memory module (OBRM). The access
to these modules is from the outside of the unit.
The computer consists of two separate parts: A
COMMAND channel and a MONITOR channel.
The COMMAND channel ensures two functions: The
management of the flight and of the guidance.
The MONITOR channel only ensures the guidance
function.
The two channels are physically separate:
- Each channel has its own power supply unit.
- The electronic boards assigned to each channel
are located in different zones in the computer unit.
- The electrical routings are separate.
- The pin connections at the output connectors are
duplicated and separate.
At software level, the programming languages of the
COMMAND and MONITOR channels are different.
For the guidance function, the engage logic of the
autopilot (AP), Flight Director (FD) and autothrust
(A/THR) systems in COMMAND and MONITOR
channels is achieved in hard-wired circuitry.

REMARKS:

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ATA 22: AUTO FLIGHT SYSTEM

FLIGHT CONTROL UNIT (FCU) REMARKS:

IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 2CA

LOCATION
ZONE: 211, PANEL 13VU

COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
The Flight Control Unit (FCU) comprises the Auto Flight System (AFS) control section
and the Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) control sections. It is located on the
glareshield.
The FCU consists of two identical totally independent computers.
The computers (SIDE 1 and SIDE 2) have separate power supplies.
They are built around an INTEL 80C31 8-bit microprocessor.
Each side is associated with the controls on the front panel of the unit.
The display is common to both sides, whereas the signals are routed via separate paths.

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ATA 22: AUTO FLIGHT SYSTEM

MULTIPURPOSE CONTROL AND REMARKS:


DISPLAY UNITS (MCDUs)

IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 3CA1, 3CA2

LOCATION
ZONE: 211, PANEL 11VU

COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
The Multipurpose Control and Display Units
(MCDUs) provide access to the following:
- FMGC (Flight Management function),
- ACARS (Aircraft Communication
Adressing and Reporting System) if
installed,
- AIDS (Aircraft Integrated Data System),
- CFDS (Centralized Fault and Display
System).
They are composed of a keyboard and a
screen for entry/display between the pilot or
the line maintenance and the above
systems.
The MCDU display contains 14 lines, each
having 24 characters.
Of these 14 lines, the top line (line 1) is
normally used as a title line or to display
data to which the pilot does not have
access. The bottom line (line 14) is the
scratchpad line and is used by the pilot to
alter the data in the data fields.
Lines 2 through 13 are data lines arranged
into six pairs (lines 2-3, 4-5, 6-7, 8-9, 10-11,
12-13). Each pair of lines has a label line
(the top of the two lines) and a data line.
The data lines are adjacent to the line select
keys, and the label line is just above the
data line.
The line pairs are referenced by line select
keys.

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ATA 22: AUTO FLIGHT SYSTEM

FAC PUSHBUTTON SWITCHES REMARKS:

IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 12CC1, 12CC2

LOCATION
ZONE: 23VU (12CC1), 24VU (12CC2)

COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
The FAC pushbutton switch monitors the status of the computer in a general way.
The FAULT indication comes on when a failure occurs affecting the normal operation of
the different FAC functions.
The FAC pushbutton switch, when used, either disables the related FAC operations
(OFF light on – pressed out) or enables the reset of the computer if pressed in again
(OFF light off).

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