Anda di halaman 1dari 3

1.

Sea la matriz:
2 4 2
𝐴 = (4 3 3 )
4 1 2
Halle:

a) El determinante.
3 3 4 2 4 2
Rta: 2 | | − 4| | + 4| |
1 2 1 2 3 3
2(6 − 3) − 4(8 − 2) + 4(12 − 6)
= 2(3) − 4(6) + 4(6)
= 6 − 24 ∓ 24
=6
𝐷𝑒𝑡 𝐴 = 6

b) La matriz inversa.
2 4 2 1 0 0
1
Rta: (4 3 3 0 1 0) 𝐹1 → 2 𝐹1
4 1 2 0 0 1

1
1 2 1 0 0
(4 3 3 2 ) 𝐹2 → −4𝐹1 + 𝐹2
0 1 0
4 1 2
0 0 1

1
1 2 1 0 0
(0 −5 −1 2 ) 𝐹3 → −4𝐹1 + 𝐹3
−2 1 0
4 1 2
0 0 1

1
1 2 1 0 0 −1
(0 −5 −1 2 ) 𝐹2 → 𝐹
−2 1 0 5 2
0 −7 −2
−2 0 1

1
1 21 0 0
1 2
0 1 2 −1 𝐹3 → 7𝐹2 + 𝐹3
5 0
0 −7 −2 5 5
( −2 0 1)
1
1 2 1 0 0
1 2
0 1 2 −1 −5
5 0 𝐹3 → 𝐹
−3 5 5 3 3
0 0 4 −7
5 1)
( 5 5

1
0 0
1 2 1 2
1 2 −1 −1
0 1 0 𝐹2 → 𝐹 + 𝐹2
5 5 5 3 3
0 0 1 −4 7 −5
( 3 3 3)

1
0 0
2
1 2 1 2 −2 1
0 1 0 𝐹1 → 𝐹3 + 𝐹1
0 0 1 3 3 3
−4 7 −5
( 3 3 3)

11 −7 5
6 3 3
1 2 0 2 −2 1
0 1 0 𝐹1 → −2𝐹2 + 𝐹1
0 0 1 3 3 3
−4 7 −5
( 3 3 3)

1
−1 1
2
1 0 0 2 −2 1
0 1 0
0 0 1 3 3 3
−4 7 −5
( 3 3 3)

1
−1 1
2
2 −2 1
𝐿𝑢𝑒𝑔𝑜 𝐴−1 =
3 3 3
−4 7 −5
(3 3 3)
c) La matriz adjunta.
3 3 4 3 4 3
| | −| | | |
1 2 4 2 4 1
4 2 2 2 2 4 3 4 −8
Rta: 𝐴𝑑𝑗 𝐴 = | | | | −| | = (6 −4 14 )
1 2 4 2 4 1
4 2 2 2 2 4 6 2 −10
| | −| | | |
( 3 3 4 3 4 3 )

Minat Terkait