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Name: Nyssa N.

Date: 12/5/17 Block: 1


 
DATA Tables for Alien Gene Analysis 
 

What is the # of your Alien Species: 8 


Is your alien hairless or hairy? Is your alien fat or skinny? 
GENE  A    GENE  B 
DNA  ACC GGT TAT    DNA  TAT TAT AGC 

mRNA  UGG CCA AUA    mRNA  AUA AUA UCG 

Amino Acids  Tryp-Pro-Ileu    Amino Acids  Ileu-Ileu-Ser 

Trait  Hairy    Trait  Skinny 


 
Does your alien have 4 legs or 8 legs? What size nose does your alien have? 
GENE  C    GENE  D 
DNA  AGC AGG    DNA  GGT AGG AAA CCC 

mRNA  UCG UCC    mRNA  CCA UCC UUU GGG 

Amino Acids  Ser-Ser    Amino Acids  Pro-Ser-Phenyl-Glyc 

Trait  8 legs    Trait  Long nose 


 
Does your alien have antennae or not? What color skin does your alien have? 
GENE  E    GENE  F 
DNA  TTT AAA    DNA  GGA CGC CAA 

mRNA  AAA UUU    mRNA  CCU GCG GUU 

Amino Acids  Lys-Phenyl    Amino Acids  Pro-Ala-Val 

Trait  No antennae    Trait  Yellow skin 


 
How many fingers does your alien have? Does your alien have a tail? 
GENE  G    GENE  H 
DNA  GTC GTC TTT    DNA  CGC CCC TAT 

mRNA  CAG CAG AAA    mRNA  GCG GGG AUA 

Amino Acids  Glu-Glu-Lys    Amino Acids  Ala-Gly-Ileu 

Trait  12 fingers (per hand)    Trait  No tail 


 
Does your alien have 4 eyes or 8 eyes? Sketch your alien below (Be sure to add color!) 
GENE  I   
DNA  AGC CTA CGC   

mRNA  UCG GAU GCG   

Amino Acids  Ser-Asp-Ala   

Trait  8 eyes   
 
Name: Nyssa N. Date: 12/5/17 Block: 1
 
Analysis 
 
Answer the following questions: 
1. What was your mRNA sequence for gene Gene D? ​CCA UCC UUU GGG 

a. Identify the tRNA anticodons that are needed to translate this gene: G
​ GU AGG AAA CCC 

2. Why might there be different forms of the same gene (i.e. Gene F could result in blue, red, yellow or green 
skin)? What caused these differences in their genes? T ​ here might be different forms of the same gene 
due to the mRNA sequence having differences in its nitrogenous base sequence. This results in each 
codon assigning to a different anticodon with each variation, thus generating different amino acids. When 
a different protein is created, the resulting phenotype will be different as well.  
 
3. How does a single change in a nitrogen base alter the formation of a resulting protein? ​ A single change in 
a nitrogen base alters the codon it is associated with. So when its anticodon pairs with it, it is also 
different. This replaces one amino acid in a given sequence with a different one. Since protein function is 
affected by the order amino acids are arranged in, changing it slightly also changes the protein’s function.   
  
4. If you knew a particular amino acid sequence, could you figure out the DNA for that sequence? Why or why 
not? ​No, you could not figure out the DNA for that sequence. This is because for each amino acid, there 
are several codons that could code for it. This makes it difficult to pinpoint the original DNA sequence, 
because the mRNA that derives from it can vary.  
 
5. What is the difference between transcription and translation? T
​ ranscription is the process of generating an 
mRNA strand from DNA while translation is the process of creating proteins from a given mRNA sequence.  
 
6. What are the roles of the DNA, the mRNA, the rRNA, and tRNA in protein synthesis? D ​ NA acts as the 
instructions needed to create proteins. mRNA transcodes the information from the DNA into a readable 
format. rRNA is used to create the ribosomes that reside in the cytoplasm, which is where mRNA travels to 
start the next step of protein synthesis. There, the tRNA reads the information on the mRNA and assigns a 
certain anticodon to each codon on the mRNA in order to generate an amino acid chain. This amino acid 
will then become a protein once completed.  
 
7. Did you find any “identical” aliens in your group? Every group will post their drawings, so wait to make this 
decision. 
 
 
Name: Nyssa N. Date: 12/5/17 Block: 1