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SMK TAMBUNAN

KIMIA
Peperiksaan Pertengahan Penggal 1
2018
Class : Marks :
This question paper consists of three sections: Section A, Section B and Section C.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi tiga bahagian: Bahagian A, Bahagian B dan Bahagian C.

Section A
Bahagian A

[60 marks]
[60 markah]

Answer all questions in this section.


Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.

1. Diagram shows the apparatus set up in an experiment to study the effect of the concentration of hydrochloric
acid on the volume of carbon dioxide gas produced. The results of the experiment are tabulated in the table.
Rajah menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan kepekatan asid hidroklorik ke
atas isi padu gas karbon dioksida yang terhasil. Keputusan eksperimen ditunjukkan pada jadual tersebut.

Diagram/Rajah

Procedure
I II III IV V
Prosedur
Concentration of HCl (mol dm–3) 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2
Kepekatan HCl (mol dm-3)
Volume of CO2 (cm3) 53 36 27 16 7
Isi padu CO2 (cm3)

Table/Jadual

(a) Write one hypothesis for this experiment.


Tuliskan satu hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini.

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_____________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/markah]
(b) State all the variables of this experiment.
Nyatakan kesemua pemboleh ubah eksperimen ini.
i. Manipulated variable
Pemboleh ubah dimanipulasikan

__________________________________________________________________________________
ii. Responding variable
Pemboleh ubah bergerak balas

__________________________________________________________________________________
iii. Controlled variable
Pemboleh ubah dikawal

__________________________________________________________________________________
[3 marks/markah]
(c) List three pieces of apparatus that are used in this experiment.
Senaraikan tiga radas yang digunakan di dalam eksperimen ini.

_____________________________________________________________________________________
[3 marks/markah]
(d) Based on the results in table, plot a graph of the volume of carbon dioxide gas produced against the
concentration of the hydrochloric acid used.
Berdasarkan keputusan di dalam jadual, plotkan sebuah graf isi padu gas karbon dioksida terhasil
melawan kepekatan asid hidroklorik yang digunakan.
[2 marks/markah]
(e) What conclusion can you draw from the graph in (d)?
Apakah kesimpulan yang boleh dibuat daripada graf di dalam (d)?

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks/markah]

2. Diagram below shows the atoms of two elements, X and Y. X and Y are not the actual symbols for the
elements.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan simbol bagi atom unsur X dan Y. X dan Y yang digunakan adalah bukan
simbol sebenar unsur tersebut.

37 39
17 X 19 Y

Diagram
Rajah

(a) State the proton number and neutron number of the atoms of X and Y.
Nyatakan bilangan proton dan neutron bagi atom X dan Y.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

2
_____________________________________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
(b) Write the electron arrangements of elements X and Y.
Tuliskan susunan elektron bagi unsur X dan Y.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(c) What is the number of valence electrons in elements X and Y?
Apakah bilangan elektron valens bagi unsur X dan Y?

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(d) State the number of electron shells in elements X and Y.
Nyatakan bilangan petala elektron bagi unsur X dan Y.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

3. Diagram below shows the heating curve for naphthalene.


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan lengkung pemanasan bagi naftalena.

Diagram/Rajah

(a) What is the melting point of naphthalene?


Apakah takat lebur naftalena?

_____________________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks/2 markah]

(b) Nyatakan keadaan fizik pada peringkat A, B dan C.


State the physical states at the stages A, B and C.

i. A: _______________________________________________________________________________

ii. B: _______________________________________________________________________________

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iii. C: _______________________________________________________________________________
[3 marks/3 markah]
(c) At stage B, the temperature will not increase even though heat is provided. Why?
Pada peringkat B, suhu tidak akan meningkat walaupun haba terus dibekalkan. Mengapa?

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks/2 markah]

(d) Sketch the cooling curve for naphthalene.


Lakarkan lengkung penyejukan naftalena.

[2 marks/2 markah]

(e) State the purpose of using a water bath to heat up the naphthalene solid.
Nyatakan tujuan menggunakan kukus air untuk memanaskan pepejal naftalena.

_____________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]

4. Table below shows the relative atomic masses of several elements.


Jadual di bawah menunjukkan jisim atom relatif bagi beberapa unsur.

Element Symbol Relative atomic mass


Unsur Simbol Jisim atom relatif
Hydrogen
H 1
Hidrogen
Oxygen
O 16
Oksigen
Phosphorus
P 31
Fosforus
Sulphur
S 32
Sulphur
Chlorine
C1 35.5
Klorin
Calcium
Ca 40
Kalsium
Copper
Cu 64
Kuprum
Zinc
Zn 65
Zink
Table/Jadual

4
(a) What is the meaning of relative molecular mass?
Apakah maksud jisim molekul relatif?

_____________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]
(b) Calculate the relative molecular mass of the following compounds:
Hitung jisim molekul relatif sebatian yang berikut:
i. Zinc oxide
Zink oksida

[1 mark/1 markah]
ii. Copper(II) chloride
Kuprum(II) klorida

[1 mark/1 markah]
iii. Hydrated copper(II) sulphate
Kuprum(II) sulfat terhidrat

[1 mark/1 markah]
(c) Table below shows the relationship between relative atomic mass, molar mass and the number of atoms in
1 mol of several elements.
Jadual di bawah menunjukkan hubungan antara jisim atom relatif, jisim molar dan bilangan atom
dalam 1 mol unsur bagi beberapa unsur.

Number of atoms in
Element Symbol Relative atomic mass Molar mass 1 mol of element
Unsur Simbol Jisim atom relatif Jisim molar Bilangan atom dalam
1 mol unsur
Phosphorus
P 31 31 6.02 × 1023
Fosforus
Sulphur
S 32 32 6.02 × 1023
Sulfur
Chlorine
C1 35.5 (i) 6.02 × 1023
Klorin
Calcium
Ca 40 (ii) (iii)
Kalsium
Copper
Cu 64 64 (iv)
Kuprum
Table/Jadual

Complete Table above.


Lengkapkan Jadual di atas.
[2 marks/2 markah]
(d) What is the mass in grams of 0.5 mol of copper(II) chloride?
Apakah jisim dalam gram bagi 0.5 mol kuprum(II) klorida?

5
[1 mark/1 markah]
(e) Calculate the number of atoms found in 20 g of calcium.
Hitung bilangan atom yang terdapat dalam 20 g kalsium.

[1 mark/1 markah]
(f) Calculate the mass in grams of 1.5 × 1024 molecules of oxygen.
Hitung jisim dalam gram bagi 1.5 × 1024 molekul oksigen.

[1 mark/1 markah]

KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT